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1.
Isr J Health Policy Res ; 9(1): 58, 2020 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The heavy reliance on remote patient care (RPC) during the COVID-19 health crisis may have expedited the emergence of digital health tools that can contribute to safely and effectively moving the locus of care from the hospital to the community. Understanding how laypersons interpret the personal health information accessible to them via electronic patient records (EPRs) is crucial to healthcare planning and the design of services. Yet we still know little about how the format in which personal medical information is presented in the EPR (numerically, verbally, or graphically) affects individuals' understanding of the information, their assessment of its gravity, and the course of action they choose in response. METHODS: We employed an online questionnaire to assess respondents' reactions to 10 medical decision-making scenarios, where the same information was presented using different formats. In each scenario, respondents were presented with real (anonymized) patient lab results using either numeric expressions, graphs, or verbal expressions. Participants were asked to assess the gravity of the hypothetical patient's condition and the course of action they would follow if they were that patient. The questionnaire was distributed to more than 300 participants, of whom 225 submitted usable responses. RESULTS: Laypersons were more likely to overestimate the gravity of the information when it was presented either numerically or graphically compared to the narrative format. High perceived gravity was most likely to produce an inclination to actively seek medical attention, even when unwarranted. "Don't know" responses were most likely to produce an inclination to either search the Internet or wait for the doctor to call. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS: We discuss the study's implications for the effective design of lab results in the patient portals. We suggest (1) that graphs, tables, and charts would be easier to interpret if coupled with a brief verbal explanation; (2) that highlighting an overall level of urgency may be more helpful than indicating a diversion from the norm; and (3) that statements of results should include the type of follow-up required.


Assuntos
Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Portais do Paciente , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Gráficos por Computador , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Conceitos Matemáticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(10): e19684, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since its outbreak in January 2020, COVID-19 has quickly spread worldwide and has become a global pandemic. Social media platforms have been recognized as important tools for health-promoting practices in public health, and the use of social media is widespread among the public. However, little is known about the effects of social media use on health promotion during a pandemic such as COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to explore the predictive role of social media use on public preventive behaviors in China during the COVID-19 pandemic and how disease knowledge and eHealth literacy moderated the relationship between social media use and preventive behaviors. METHODS: A national web-based cross-sectional survey was conducted by a proportionate probability sampling among 802 Chinese internet users ("netizens") in February 2020. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions were employed to examine and explore the relationships among all the variables. RESULTS: Almost half the 802 study participants were male (416, 51.9%), and the average age of the participants was 32.65 years. Most of the 802 participants had high education levels (624, 77.7%), had high income >¥5000 (US $736.29) (525, 65.3%), were married (496, 61.8%), and were in good health (486, 60.6%). The average time of social media use was approximately 2 to 3 hours per day (mean 2.34 hours, SD 1.11), and the most frequently used media types were public social media (mean score 4.49/5, SD 0.78) and aggregated social media (mean score 4.07/5, SD 1.07). Social media use frequency (ß=.20, P<.001) rather than time significantly predicted preventive behaviors for COVID-19. Respondents were also equipped with high levels of disease knowledge (mean score 8.15/10, SD 1.43) and eHealth literacy (mean score 3.79/5, SD 0.59). Disease knowledge (ß=.11, P=.001) and eHealth literacy (ß=.27, P<.001) were also significant predictors of preventive behaviors. Furthermore, eHealth literacy (P=.038) and disease knowledge (P=.03) positively moderated the relationship between social media use frequency and preventive behaviors, while eHealth literacy (ß=.07) affected this relationship positively and disease knowledge (ß=-.07) affected it negatively. Different social media types differed in predicting an individual's preventive behaviors for COVID-19. Aggregated social media (ß=.22, P<.001) was the best predictor, followed by public social media (ß=.14, P<.001) and professional social media (ß=.11, P=.002). However, official social media (ß=.02, P=.597) was an insignificant predictor. CONCLUSIONS: Social media is an effective tool to promote behaviors to prevent COVID-19 among the public. Health literacy is essential for promotion of individual health and influences the extent to which the public engages in preventive behaviors during a pandemic. Our results not only enrich the theoretical paradigm of public health management and health communication but also have practical implications in pandemic control for China and other countries.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Letramento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comunicação em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Amostragem , Adulto Jovem
6.
Am J Public Health ; 110(S3): S348-S355, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001731

RESUMO

Objectives. To examine how and what information is communicated via social media during an infectious disease outbreak.Methods. In the context of the 2016 through 2018 hepatitis A outbreak in San Diego County, California, we used a grounded theory-based thematic analysis that employed qualitative and quantitative approaches to uncover themes in a sample of public tweets (n = 744) from Twitter, a primary platform used by key stakeholders to communicate to the public during the outbreak.Results. Tweets contained both general and hepatitis A-specific information related to the outbreak, restatements of policy and comments critical of government responses to the outbreak, information with the potential to shape risk perceptions, and expressions of concern regarding individuals experiencing homelessness and their role in spreading hepatitis A. We also identified misinformation and common channels of content driving themes that emerged in our sample.Conclusions. Public health professionals may identify real-time public risk perceptions and concerns via social media during an outbreak and target responses that fulfill the informational needs of those who seek direction and reassurance during times of uncertainty.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças , Comunicação em Saúde , Hepatite A , Saúde Pública , Mídias Sociais , California , Teoria Fundamentada , Hepatite A/terapia , Hepatite A/transmissão , Humanos
8.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 38(3): [e09], Octubre 20 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128923

RESUMO

Objective. Report on communication and qualified listening in nursing work in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods. This descriptive, theoretical and reflexive report was developed by nurses between March 20th and May 25th 2020 at Emergency Care Services in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Health communication served as the theoretical background for this research. Results. Two main thematic categories were highlighted: (i) Resignifications of communication in the work relationships of the health team and (ii) Guided listening to users by nurses at the Emergency Care Services during the pandemic. Conclusion. The experience revealed an excerpt of what is found under the conditions of the current situation resulting from COVID-19. Communication turned into an essential tool to maintain professional relationships and culminate in collaboration and cooperation of the team in order to provide a close relationship with the user and promote the quality of health care processes.


Objetivo. Relatar la comunicación y escucha calificada en el trabajo de enfermería frente a la pandemia por la COVID-19. Métodos. Se trata de un relato descriptivo, teórico y reflexivo elaborado por enfermeros, del 20 de marzo al 25 de mayo de 2020, en Unidades de Atención de Emergencia de la ciudad de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. La investigación posee fundamentación teórica en comunicación sanitaria. Resultados. Se destacaron dos categorías temáticas principales: (i) Resignificaciones de la comunicación en las relaciones de trabajo del equipo de salud y (ii) la escucha dirigida de los usuarios por parte de las enfermeras de la UPAS durante la pandemia. Conclusión. La experiencia vivida permitió visualizar una fotografía de la situación actual derivada de la COVID-19. La comunicación se convirtió en una herramienta fundamental para mantener las relaciones profesionales y facilitó la colaboración y cooperación en equipo para brindar una relación cercana con el usuario y promover la calidad de los procesos de atención y asistencia en salud.


Objetivo. Relatar a comunicação e escuta qualificada no trabalho da enfermagem diante da pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos. Trata-se de um relato descritivo, teórico e reflexivo realizado por enfermeiros no período de 20 de março a 25 de maio de 2020 em Unidades de Pronto Atendimento da cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. A pesquisa possui fundamentação teórica na comunicação em saúde. Resultados. Destacou-se duas principais categorias temáticas: (i) Ressignificações da comunicação nas relações de trabalho da equipe de saúde e (ii) A escuta direcionada dos usuários pelos enfermeiros das UPAS na pandemia. Conclusão. A experiência vivenciada possibilitou visualizar um recorte do que se encontra sob as condições do atual quadro decorrente do COVID-19. A comunicação tornou-se ferramenta imprescindível para manter relações profissionais e culminar em colaboração e cooperação da equipe de maneira a proporcionar estreita relação com usuário e promoção da qualidade dos processos de cuidado e assistenciais de saúde.


Assuntos
Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus , Comunicação em Saúde
9.
Med. U.P.B ; 39(2): 1-1, 21/10/2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1123553
12.
J Community Health ; 45(6): 1089-1097, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902813

RESUMO

With the proliferation of news and the abundance of unknowns, COVID-19 information became rife with rumors and infiltrated consumers with confusion and information overload. In situations like this, it is important to provide consumers with credible and reliable information about the pandemic which is affecting their lives and livelihoods. Articles about coronavirus published in online versions of USA Today online, Wall Street Journal online and NYTimes.com between January and March 2020 were identified. Only articles where the search terms appeared in the headline were included as it was considered a more effective approach to understanding the health communication trends for this outbreak. These criteria resulted in 5,285 articles published on this topic during this time. All articles were imported into Dedoose mixed-methods software for thematic analysis. The frequency of each identified theme appearing in reviewed articles was counted, together with excerpts illustrating the specific theme. Overall, the five most common themes appearing in reviewed articles were "financial impact of COVID-19" (11.6%), "stories of affected individuals" (7.0%), "death and death rates" (6.8%), "precaution recommendations for public" (6.2%), and "quarantine" (5.9%). The newspapers did not just report the numbers (number of infections, ventilators, deaths, economic losses) but they also reported the context of the pandemic, such as, impact on economy, efforts to slow the spread of infection, switch to working from home, presence of health disparities, scientific search for reliable COVID-19 tests, and effect on supply chains. News media play a vital role in enhancing understanding of pandemic, but also in shaping public response to public health messages.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Comunicação em Saúde , Internet , Jornais como Assunto , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Saúde Pública , Estados Unidos
14.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 546-562, jul.-set. 2020. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121410

RESUMO

Este artigo possui como objetivo identificar ações governamentais no âmbito dos sistemas e serviços de saúde que visam a adoção de políticas públicas relacionadas à preservação digital em saúde. As políticas públicas de informação e de arquivos são transversais às políticas públicas de saúde e contribuem diretamente para a garantia dos direitos dos cidadãos preconizados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Neste sentido, as políticas de preservação digital são essenciais para garantir o acesso às informações a gerações futuras. A pesquisa caracteriza-se como aplicada e exploratória. Utiliza como amostra os textos completos da Consolidação das Normas Infralegais do SUS. Os resultados apontam para a necessidade de ações voltadas para a preservação digital em saúde por meio da adoção de políticas públicas. Por fim, destaca-se que a participação popular no desenvolvimento destas políticas públicas de informação em saúde é essencial para a transparência das ações governamentais.


This article seeks to identify governmental actions within the scope of health systems and services that aim to adopt public policies related to digital preservation in health. Public information and archive policies are transversal to public health policies and directly contribute to guaranteeing the rights of citizens advocated by the Unified Health System (SUS). In this sense, digital preservation policies are essential to guarantee access to information for future generations. The research is characterized as applied and exploratory. It uses as a sample the complete texts of the Consolidation of Infralegal Norms of SUS. The results point to the need for actions aimed at digital preservation in health through the adoption of public policies. Finally, it is emphasized that popular participation in the development of these public health information policies is essential for the transparency of governmental actions.


Este artículo tiene como objetivo identificar acciones gubernamentales dentro del alcance de los sistemas y servicios de salud que apuntan a adoptar políticas públicas relacionadas con la preservación digital en salud. Las políticas de información pública y archivo son transversales a las políticas de salud pública y contribuyen directamente a garantizar los derechos de los ciudadanos que defiende el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS). En este sentido, las políticas de preservación digital son esenciales para garantizar el acceso a la información para las generaciones futuras. La investigación se caracteriza por ser aplicada y exploratoria. Utiliza como muestra los textos completos de la Consolidación de las Normas Infralegales del SUS. Los resultados apuntan a la necesidad de acciones dirigidas a la preservación digital en salud a través de la adopción de políticas públicas. Finalmente, se enfatiza que la participación popular en el desarrollo de estas políticas de información de salud pública es esencial para la transparencia de las acciones gubernamentales.


Assuntos
Humanos , Arquivos , Política Pública , Sistema Único de Saúde , Segurança Computacional , Comunicação em Saúde , Brasil , Gestão da Informação , Acesso à Informação
15.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 644-655, jul.-set. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121790

RESUMO

O presente artigo aborda a cultura e a medicina dos povos tradicionais afro-brasileiros como determinantes sociais da saúde em diferentes grupos étnicos, suas relações existentes com processos comunicativos e a efetivação de políticas públicas, especialmente a denominada Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas em Saúde e Complementares no Sistema Único de Saúde, assim como o campo da educação patrimonial em saúde. A partir das análises de narrativas do projeto na área de comunicação e saúde por meio das linguagens das artes, realizado na Fundação Oswaldo Cruz entre 2004 e 2008, em articulação com as questões da tese de doutorado sobre as memórias da diversidade sociocultural dos povos tradicionais em suas artes de cura na Jurema Sagrada, em desenvolvimento na Pós-Graduação em Memória Social da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, este texto indica pontos importantes acerca dos processos de comunicação na educação em saúde mediante o mapeamento dos territórios do saber como estratégias de memórias e resistências de grupos étnicos.


This article examines both culture and medicine practice by the traditional Afro-Brazilian people as health social determinants in different ethnic groups, their relations with communicative processes and the implementation of public policies, specially the Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas em Saúde e Complementares no SUS (National policy of integrative and complementary health practice by SUS), and the field of heritage of health education. It is based on the narrative analysis of the project developed by Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz) from 2004 to 2008 in the communication and health area by means of art languages, related to issues proposed on PhD thesis about memories of the cultural and social diversity revealed by traditional people in its cure arts in Jurema Sagrada, in phase of development through the Programa de Pós-Graduação em Memória Social (Postgraduate program in social memory at Unirio - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. This text points out important issues about communication processes in health education through mapping of knowledge territories as strategies for memory and resistance of ethnic groups.


Este artículo analiza la cultura y la medicina de los pueblos tradicionales afro-brasileños como determinantes sociales de la salud en diferentes grupos étnicos, sus relaciones existentes con procesos comunicativos y la implementación de políticas públicas, especialmente la Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas em Saúde e Complementares no SUS (Política nacional de prácticas integrales y complentarias de salud en el SUS) y el campo de la educación patrimonial de la salud. Él se basa en el análisis de narrativas del proyecto en comunicación y salud a través de los lenguajes de las artes, realizado en la Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz) en el periodo de 2004 hasta 2008, relacionado con las cuestiones de tesis doctoral sobre las memorias de la diversidad sociocultural de pueblos tradicionales revelada en sus artes curativas en Jurema Sagrada, en desarrollo en el Programa de Pós-Graduação em Memória Social (Programa de posgrado en memoria social) de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Unirio). El presente texto apunta cuestiones importantes sobre los procesos de comunicación en la educación en salud a través de la esquematización de los territorios del saber como estrategias de memorias e resistencia de los grupos étnicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Saúde , Medicina Tradicional Africana , Comunicação , Terapias Espirituais , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Sistema Único de Saúde , Narração , Comunicação em Saúde
17.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e217, 2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951627

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a tremendous impact in China and abroad since its onset in December 2019 and poses a major threat to human health. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at the forefront of the response to outbreaks. This study reviewed literature data and found that HCWs were at high risk of infection during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially at the early stage of the epidemic, and many factors greatly affected their occupational safety. Although SARS-CoV-2 transmission was controlled in China, the Chinese experience can help protect HCWs from COVID-19 and other respiratory diseases.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus/genética , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Saúde Global , Comunicação em Saúde , Humanos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Saúde Pública
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961702

RESUMO

This study focuses on stigma communication about COVID-19 on Twitter in the early stage of the outbreak, given the lack of information and rapid global expansion of new cases during this period. Guided by the model of stigma communication, we examine four types of message content, namely mark, group labeling, responsibility, and peril, that are instrumental in forming stigma beliefs and sharing stigma messages. We also explore whether the presence of misinformation and conspiracy theories in COVID-19-related tweets is associated with the presence of COVID-19 stigma content. A total of 155,353 unique COVID-19-related tweets posted between December 31, 2019, and March 13, 2020, were identified, from which 7000 tweets were randomly selected for manual coding. Results showed that the peril of COVID-19 was mentioned the most often, followed by mark, responsibility, and group labeling content. Tweets with conspiracy theories were more likely to include group labeling and responsibility information, but less likely to mention COVID-19 peril. Public health agencies should be aware of the unintentional stigmatization of COVID-19 in public health messages and the urgency to engage and educate the public about the facts of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Saúde Pública/normas , Mídias Sociais , Estigma Social , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Comunicação em Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
19.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47792

RESUMO

Esse canal é um dos meios que o projeto encontrou para difundir de ideias e conhecimento sobre a hanseníase. O projeto informa Hanseníase conta com um website e blog (infohansen.org) se destinando ao acesso gratuito de diversas publicações e comunicações (carta ao editor). Há espaços destinados a comunidade (Quero ouvir a sua voz), a publicação de imagens, a exibições virtual, além de um quadro de eventos. O projeto tem apoio institucional da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, e está formando parcerias com propósito de melhor viabilizar os conteúdos para divulgação. Finalmente, pretendemos divulgar o que está sendo feito no Brasil e no Mundo para promover uma melhor qualidade de vida para as pessoas afetadas pela hanseníase e um futuro sem esta doença.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Hanseníase/terapia , Hanseníase/história , Comunicação em Saúde
20.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47793

RESUMO

Plataforma digital com disseminação ampla e acessível de conteúdo sobre a Hanseníase. Somos um programa de Extensão da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo.


Assuntos
Hanseníase , Comunicação em Saúde
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