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1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 3-8, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858833

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Achieving a standard of clinical research at the pinnacle of the evidence pyramid is historically expensive and logistically challenging. Research collaboratives have delivered high-impact prospective multicentre audits and clinical trials by using trainee networks with a range of enabling technology. This review outlines such use of technology in the UK and provides a framework of recommended technologies for future studies. METHODS: A review of the literature identified technology used in collaborative projects. Additional technologies were identified through web searches. Technologies were grouped into themes including access (networking and engagement), collaboration and event organisation. The technologies available to support each theme were studied further to outline relative benefits and limitations. FINDINGS: Thirty-three articles from trainee research collaboratives were identified. The most frequently documented technologies were social media applications, website platforms and research databases. The Supportive Technologies in Collaborative Research framework is proposed, providing a structure for using the technologies available to support multicentre collaboration. Such technologies are often overlooked in the literature by established and start-up collaborative project groups. If used correctly, they might help to overcome the physical, logistical and financial barriers of multicentre clinical trials.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Comportamento Cooperativo , Relações Interprofissionais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Comunicação , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Humanos , Internet , Redes Sociais Online , Estudantes de Medicina
3.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 784-802, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047568

RESUMO

O câncer ainda é associado a dor, morte e sofrimento, e muitos cidadãos, com medo de um diagnóstico, adotam comportamento de esquiva de médicos e exames. Com o surgimento das mídias sociais, o tema tem sido tratado em plataformas como Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, entre outras. O objetivo deste estudo é averiguar se há um padrão de conteúdo sobre câncer que gere engajamento no aplicativo de imagens Instagram. Foram selecionados dois perfis brasileiros de instituições de câncer no Instagram, e um estudo qualitativo de análise de conteúdo de posts e comentários foi aplicado, sendo associado posteriormente a análises estatísticas. Foi selecionado todo o conteúdo de dois hospitais oncológicos brasileiros durante quatro anos, totalizando 1.935 postagens no Instagram. Além dos posts, buscamos entender o comportamento dos usuários dessas mídias quando o tema é câncer, por meio dos 2.239 comentários e dos 4.603 Emojis. Podemos afirmar que há interesse pelo tema, o qual é abordado sem preconceitos por internautas e que muitos buscam formas diferenciadas de gratificação no uso do aplicativo.


Cancer is a disease still associated with pain, death and suffering and many people, afraid of a diagnosis, adopt dodging behavior from doctors and tests. Despite this phenomenon as old as the disease, the emergence of social media has brought the topic to platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, among others. T77he goal of this study is to determine if there is a cancer content standard that creates more engagement on Instagram. Two Brazilian cancer institutions Instagram profiles were selected and a qualitative study of content analysis was applied, later associating it with statistical analysis. During four years, the entire contents of two Brazilian cancer hospitals were selected, totaling 1,935 posts on Instagram. In addition to the posts produced by the two institutions, we sought to understand user behavior on this media when the topic is cancer, through 2,239 comments and 4,603 Emojis. Given the fact that the two profiles attract about 120,000 users, we can affirm that there is interest on the topic, Internet users address the topic with no prejudice and many seek different ways of gratification using the app.


El cáncer es una enfermedad aún asociada al dolor, muerte y sufrimiento y muchos ciudadanos, con miedo de un diagnóstico, adoptan comportamiento de esquiva de médicos y exámenes. A pesar de ese fenómeno tan antiguo cuanto a la enfermedad, el surgimiento de las Redes Sociales trajo el tema a plataformas como Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, entre otras. El objetivo de este estudio es averiguar si hay un estándar de contenido sobre cáncer que genera engagement en la aplicación de imágenes Instagram. Dos perfiles brasileños de instituciones de cáncer en el Instagram fueran seleccionados y un estudio cualitativo de análisis de contenido de posts y comentarios fue aplicado, asociado posteriormente a análisis estadísticos. Durante cuatro años, fue seleccionado todo el contenido de dos hospitales oncológicos brasileños, totalizando 1.935 posts en el Instagram. Además de los posts producidos por las dos instituciones, buscamos entender el comportamiento de los usuarios de esos medios cuando el tema es cáncer, a través de 2.239 comentarios y de 4.603 Emojis. Ante los dos perfiles que atraen a cerca de 120 mil usuarios, podemos afirmar que hay interés por el tema, que el tema es abordado sin prejuicios por internautas y que muchos buscan formas diferenciadas de gratificación en el uso de la aplicación.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estresse Psicológico , Emoções , Mídias Sociais/tendências , Promoção da Saúde , Neoplasias , Estudo Comparativo , Comunicação , Discurso , Desenho , Correio Eletrônico , Hospitais
4.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 803-816, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047569

RESUMO

A formação de Redes Sociais Virtuais (RSVs) em comunidades como o Facebook tornou-se um importante instrumento de busca por socialização e informação. Este artigo apresenta dados sobre fontes de informação utilizadas por responsáveis de crianças com Transtorno do Espectro Autista (TEA) e como essas interferem na percepção de suporte interpessoal e nos processos de governança em saúde. No estudo quantitativo, participaram 90 membros das três maiores RSVs sobre TEA. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizado questionário semiestruturado, cujas respostas foram quantificadas para melhor visualização. Os resultados demonstraram que a participação nessas redes é a principal fonte de informação para metade dos participantes, especialmente para a parcela da população com menor renda; 70/90 voluntários informaram se sentir amparados pelos parceiros de RSV e 63/90 se sentem desamparados pela sociedade em geral. Este fenômeno pode ser explicado pela formação de laços sociais marcados pela reciprocidade de situações vividas.


The formation of Virtual Social Networks (RSVs) in communities as Facebook has become an important tool for searching for socialization and information. This article presents data on the sources of information used by those responsible for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and how they interfere in the perception of interpersonal support and health governance processes. In the quantitative study, 90 members from the 3 largest RSVs on ASD participated. For the data collection, a semi-structured questionnaire was used. Responses were quantified to facilitate visualization of the data. The results showed that participation in these networks is the main source of information for half of the participants, especially for the portion of the population with lower income; 70/90 volunteers reported feeling supported by RSV partners and 63/90 reported feeling helpless by society in general. A phenomenon that can be explained by the formation of social bonds marked by the reciprocity of lived situations.


La formación de Redes Sociales Virtuales (RSVs) en comunidades como Facebook se ha convertido en un importante instrumento de búsqueda de socialización e información. Este artículo presenta datos sobre fuentes de información utilizadas por responsables de niños con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA), y cómo interfieren en la percepción de soporte interpersonal y en los procesos de gobernanza en salud. Se trató de estudio cuantitativo, participaron 90 miembros de las 3 mayores RSVs sobre TEA. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un cuestionario semiestructurado. Las respuestas se cuantificaron para facilitar la visualización de los datos. Los resultados demostraron que la participación en esas redes es la principal fuente de información para la mitad de los participantes, especialmente para la parcela de la población con menores ingresos; 70/90 voluntarios informaron sentirse amparados por los socios de RSV y 63/90 informaron sentirse desamparados por la sociedad en general. Fenómeno que puede ser explicado por la formación de lazos sociales marcados por la reciprocidad de situaciones vividas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Apoio Social , Governança Clínica , Rede Social , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Relações Interpessoais , Socialização , Comportamento , Criança , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Pessoal de Saúde , Comunicação , Internet , Acesso à Informação , Mídias Sociais , Governança
5.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 817-830, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047572

RESUMO

Este artigo mapeia as estratégias de atuação do Ministério da Saúde na rede social Instagram. Realizou-se um estudo de caso no período de agosto de 2017 a agosto de 2018 para verificar como o tema da amamentação foi abordado na rede oficial do governo brasileiro para saúde. O corpus tem 65 posts sobre a questão, que foram analisados considerando as métricas de monitoramento das redes sociais: alcance; volume; atividade; engajamento dos usuários e influência do conteúdo junto aos seguidores. Analisando as estratégias de atuação do marketing social e digital identificou-se a falta de interação e resposta aos usuários e a baixa diversidade de representação das mulheres. O levantamento aponta a necessidade de problematizar as práticas do Ministério nesta rede e propor melhorias para ampliar o diálogo com a sociedade.


This article maps out the strategies of performance of the Brazilian Ministry of Health in Instagram's social network. A case study was carried out in the period from August 2017 to August 2018 to verify how the topic of breast-feeding was approached in the official network of the Brazilian government for health. The corpus has 65 posts about that issue which were analised considering the measures to monitor social networks: scope, volume, activity, user engagement and influence of the content on the followers. Analyzing the strategies of social and digital marketing used by the Brazilian government for health, it was identified the lack of interaction with users and of response to them and the low diversity of women represented on its Instagram profile. The research points out that we need to problematize Ministry practices in this network and to propose improvements to broaden the dialogue with the society.


El artículo mapea las estrategias de actuación del Ministerio de Salud de Brasil en la red social Instagram. Se realizó un estudio de caso en el período de agosto de 2017 hasta agosto de 2018 para escudriñar como se abordó el tema de la lactancia en la red oficial del gobierno brasileño para salud. El corpus tiene 65 posts a respecto del asunto y fueron estudiados considerando las medidas para monitorizar redes sociales: alcance; volumen; actividad; interacción de los usuarios e la influencia del contenido en los seguidores. Analizando las estrategias de actuación del marketing social y digital se identificó falta de interactividad, usuarios sin respuesta y la baja diversidad de representación de las mujeres en lo perfil del gobierno brasileño en Instagram. La investigación apunta la necesidad de problematizar las prácticas del Ministerio en esta red y de proponer mejorías para ampliar el diálogo con la sociedad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Aleitamento Materno , Relatos de Casos , Marketing Social , Rede Social , Promoção da Saúde , Sistema Único de Saúde , Comunicação , Redes Comunitárias , Internet , Nutrição do Lactente , Política de Saúde , Relações Interpessoais
6.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 876-886, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047660

RESUMO

"Eu sou um pessimista ativo, porque tenho fé". Assim Muniz Sodré se declara ao conceder à Reciis uma entrevista que trata sobre a questão de raça/etnicidades em articulação com os estudos da comunicação. O professor e pesquisador argumenta que a escravidão está enraizada na forma social brasileira, pois a abolição jurídico-política não foi suficiente para abolir os espíritos escravocratas. Mas que é preciso ter fé nas movimentações e contramovimentações sensíveis do corpo do outro, negro, o qual mobiliza as barreiras de imunidade racistas. Sodré entende que a expressão lugar de fala é uma reivindicação efêmera, pois acredita na virtude do corpo como um espaço de diálogo com outros lugares. Em relação aos estudos de comunicação e raça, argumenta que as pesquisas se restringem ainda às descrições das tecnologias da mídia, assim como as pesquisas de maneira geral, mas que esses estudos "têm um papel político forte: eles fazem emergir essa classe intelectual negra que estava submersa". Muniz Sodré é professor emérito da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.


Assuntos
Humanos , Fala , Grupos Étnicos , Comunicação , Cultura , Racismo , Preconceito , Ciências Sociais , Violência , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Homicídio , Relações Interpessoais
7.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 126(12): 665-671, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840678

RESUMO

The ageing of the population in the Netherlands and in Belgium and the growing number of older people who still have their own teeth mean that dentists are seeing older patients in their dental practices increasingly often. Loss of cognitive abilities can hinder communication with the patients. Dementia and care-resistant behaviour demand a special patient-centred approach. In addition, frail older people are often dependent on carers or volunteers who actively participate in the conversation when the patient visits the dentist. This article addresses issues dentists should take into account in such cases. It also makes suggestions about how most effectively to direct communications with older patients and/or their companions.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Odontólogos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bélgica , Cuidadores , Humanos , Países Baixos
8.
J Dent Hyg ; 93(6): 13-20, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882557

RESUMO

Purpose: Higher education teaching has been traditionally delivered through a lecture format, limiting the opportunities for interpersonal communication between faculty and students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether entry-level dental hygiene (DH) students and faculty perceive social media (SM) applications as an effective out-of-class communication (OCC) tool for enhancing learning in a dental hygiene program.Methods: A cross-sectional, comparative research design was used for this pilot study. An investigator-designed, paper survey was administered to a convenience sample of entry-level DH students and faculty from nine dental hygiene programs in Utah, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and California. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (p=0.05).Results: A total of 418 students and 149 faculty members met the eligibility criteria; 325 DH students (n=325) and 77 faculty completed the surveys (n=77) for a combined response rate of 70.9%. While most faculty and DH students agreed SM could enhance learning for OCC, their level of comfort using these applications varied. Both faculty and DH students use SM applications for questions about assignments, clarification on lecture topics, and feedback on assignments. Statistical significance was found for the frequency of using SM applications for OCC (X2 =16.92; df =4; p =.002). Learning management systems were used and preferred most by both groups followed by Facebook. Statistical significance was found between both groups when ranking electronic devices for OCC.Conclusion: Dental hygiene students and faculty differ in their frequency and levels of comfort in using SM for out-of-class communication. Additional research related to the phenomenon of social media and communication to enhance learning in dental hygiene should be explored.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , California , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Higienistas Dentários , Humanos , Idaho , Oregon , Projetos Piloto , Utah , Washington
9.
J Opioid Manag ; 15(6): 479-485, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850509

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In response to the US opioid epidemic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a guideline (CDCG) for prescribing opioids for chronic pain. Successful implementation of the CDCG requires identification of the information, skills, and support physicians need to carry out its recommendations. However, such data are currently lacking. METHODS: The authors performed one-on-one interviews with nine practicing physicians regarding their needs and perspectives for successful CDCG implementation, including the perceived barriers, focusing on communication strategies. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and a thematic qualitative analysis was performed. FINDINGS: Three major themes were identified: communication, knowledge, and information technology (IT). Physicians reported that open communication with patients about opioids was difficult and burdensome, but essential; they shared their communication strategies. Knowledge gaps included patient-specific topics (eg, availability of/insurance coverage for non-opioid treatments) and more general areas (eg, opioid dosing/equivalencies, prescribing naloxone). Finally, physicians discussed the importance of innovation in IT, focusing on the electronic medical record for decision support and to allow safer opioid prescribing within the time constraints of clinical practice. DISCUSSION: These qualitative data document practical issues that should be considered in the development of implementation plans for safer opioid prescribing practices. Specifically, healthcare systems may need to provide opioid-relevant communication strategies and training, education on key topics such as naloxone prescribing, resources for referrals to appropriate nonpharmacologic treatments, and innovative IT solutions. Future research is needed to establish that such measures will be effective in producing better outcomes for patients on opioids for chronic pain.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Comunicação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Médica , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Naloxona , Médicos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
10.
JAMA ; 322(23): 2353, 2019 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846007
11.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(3): 343-352, set.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1043571

RESUMO

RESUMO: Este artigo tem como objetivo refletir acerca da não comunicação reativa - conceito desenvolvido por D. W. Winnicott, que corresponde a uma reclusão patológica. Para tanto, traz o relato do atendimento psicanalítico a um adolescente que apresentava um estado de isolamento. O artigo se reporta ao modo de funcionamento psicopatológico apresentado segundo a matriz ferencziana de adoecimento psíquico, caracterizada por Luís Claudio Figueiredo. As estratégias técnicas assinaladas baseiam-se, fundamentalmente, nos conceitos de reclamação/reivindicação da psicanalista Anne Alvarez, que postula uma abordagem mais ativa no sentido de o analista ir ao alcance do paciente, configurando, assim, uma clínica revitalizadora.


Abstract: This article aims to reflect on non-reactive communication - concept developed by D. W. Winnicott that corresponds to a pathological reclusion. For that, it brings the report of psychoanalytic care to a teenager who was in a state of isolation. The article refers to the understanding the mode of psychopathological functioning presented according to the Ferenczian matrix of psychic illness, characterized by Luís Claudio Figueiredo. The technical strategies pointed out are fundamentally based on the concepts of complaint/claim of psychoanalyst Anne Alvarez, who postulates a more active approach in the sense of the analyst reaching the patient, thus configuring a revitalizing clinic.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Tédio , Timidez , Comportamento do Adolescente , Comunicação
12.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 22(2): 194-217, July-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019282

RESUMO

Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the divergences in perception of parental practices, positive behavior and problems between parents and children. The participants, parents and adolescents, collaborated voluntarily and were examined in the following dyads: 248 fathers-sons, 241fathers-daughters, 237 mothers-sons, and 241 mothers-daughters. The psychometric instruments used were the Strengths and Difficulties Scale and the Parental Practices Scale for mothers and fathers. To achieve the main objective, correlation analysis, path analysis and differences of means with related samples were performed. The results showed correlations, from moderate to low, between parental practices, problems and prosocial behavior. In addition, different predictive factors of the children's behaviors were obtained, according to the sex of the parents and the parental practices they implemented. Finally, there were divergences between reports of parental practices, prosocial behavior and problems between parents and their children. Therefore, it is concluded that parental behavior is oriented according to the sexual role of their children, which involves social desirability.


Resumo O presente estudo teve como finalidade analisar as divergências na percepção das práticas parentais, no comportamento positivo e nas problemáticas entre pais e filhos. Os participantes, pais e adolescentes, colaboraram de maneira voluntária e foram avaliados nas seguintes díades: 248 pais-filhos, 241 pais-filhas, 237 mães-filhos e 241 mães-filhas. Os instrumentos utilizados foram a Escala de Capacidades e Dificuldades e a Escala de Práticas Parentais para mães e pais. Para alcançar o objetivo principal, realizaram-se análises de correlação, análises de caminhos e diferenças de médias com amostras relacionadas. Os resultados mostraram correlações - de moderadas a baixas - entre as práticas parentais, os problemas e a conduta pró-social, além de diferentes fatores preditivos das condutas dos filhos a partir do gênero dos pais e das práticas parentais exercidas. Houve divergências entre os relatórios de práticas parentais, conduta pró-social e problemas entre os pais e seus filhos. Conclui-se que a conduta parental é orientada de acordo com o gênero dos filhos, o que implica certa desejabilidade social relacionada com seu papel como homens ou como mulheres.


Resumen El presente estudio tuvo como finalidad analizar las divergencias en la percepción de las prácticas parentales, el comportamiento positivo y las problemáticas entre padres e hijos. Los participantes, padres y adolescentes, colaboraron de manera voluntaria y se evaluaron en las siguientes díadas: 248 padres-hijos, 241 padres-hijas, 237 madres-hijos, y 241 madres-hijas. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron la Escala de Capacidades y Dificultades y la Escala de Prácticas Parentales para madres y padres. Para lograr el objetivo principal se realizaron análisis de correlación, análisis de senderos y diferencias de medias con muestras relacionadas. Los resultados mostraron correlaciones -de moderadas a bajas- entre las prácticas parentales, los problemas y la conducta prosocial, además de diferentes factores predictores de las conductas de los hijos a partir del sexo de los padres y las prácticas parentales ejercidas. Se presentaron divergencias entre los reportes de prácticas parentales, conducta prosocial y problemas entre los padres y sus hijos. Se concluye que la conducta parental se orienta según el sexo de los hijos, lo cual implica cierta deseabilidad social relacionada con su rol como hombres o como mujeres.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Relações Pais-Filho , Comportamento , Família , Comunicação
13.
Enferm. intensiva (Ed. impr.) ; 30(4): 163-169, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184480

RESUMO

La muerte de un niño en la Unidad de Cuidado Intensivo Pediátrico (UCIP) es difícil, la pérdida genera sentimientos de tristeza y dolor; en este estudio se destacan las diferentes estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas por las enfermeras para manejar esta situación y poder fortalecerse para brindar cuidado al final de la vida. Objetivo Explorar las estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas por las enfermeras en la UCIP frente a la muerte. Métodos: Estudio realizado en la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia, durante los meses de octubre, noviembre y diciembre. Se utilizó un enfoque cualitativo, fenomenológico hermenéutico. El método de muestreo fue intencional para la selección de las enfermeras participantes (n = 10) que trabajan en la UCIP; se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad para la construcción de la información y los datos se analizaron según los procedimientos propuestos por Cohen, Kahn y Steeves. Resultados: Las enfermeras utilizan estrategias de afrontamiento centradas en las emociones: inhiben los sentimientos frente al paciente y la familia, usan la comunicación y oración con el paciente, así como el acompañamiento para aliviar el sufrimiento de la familia. Conclusión: Las enfermeras de la UCIP desarrollan estrategias de afrontamiento frente a los cuidados al final de la vida utilizando recursos espirituales y de comunicación con la familia que necesita apoyo permanente, reflexionando ante la muerte y el acompañamiento del niño en su trascendencia


The death of a child in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) is difficult, the loss generates feelings of sadness and pain; this study highlights the different coping strategies used by nurses to manage this situation and find the strength to provide care at the end of life. Objective: Explore the strategies used by nurses in the PICU in coping with death. Methods: Study conducted in the city of Manizales, Colombia, during the months of October, November and December. A qualitative, hermeneutical phenomenological approach was used. The method of intentional sampling for the selection of participating nurses (n = 10) working in PICU, in-depth interviews were conducted for the construction of the information and the data were analyzed according to the procedures proposed by Cohen, Kahn and Steeves. Results: Nurses use coping strategies focused on emotions: they inhibit their feelings towards the patient and their family; they use communication and prayer with the patient, as well as accompaniment to alleviate the suffering of the family. Conclusion: UCIP nurses develop coping strategies for end-of-life care using spiritual resources and communication with the family who require ongoing support, reflecting on death and accompanying the child in its transcendence


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Cuidados Críticos/psicologia , Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/psicologia , Comunicação
14.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1101: 41-65, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729671

RESUMO

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) provide a direct communication channel between human brain and output devices. Due to advantages such as non-invasiveness, ease of use, and low cost, electroencephalography (EEG) is the most popular method for current BCIs. This chapter gives an overview of the current EEG-based BCIs for the main purpose of communication and control. This chapter first provides a taxonomy of the EEG-based BCI systems by categorizing them into three major groups: (1) BCIs based on event-related potentials (ERPs), (2) BCIs based on sensorimotor rhythms, and (3) hybrid BCIs. Next, this chapter describes challenges and potential solutions in developing practical BCI systems toward high communication speed, convenient system use, and low user variation. Then this chapter briefly reviews both medical and non-medical applications of current BCIs. Finally, this chapter concludes with a summary of current stage and future perspectives of the EEG-based BCI technology.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Eletroencefalografia , Comunicação , Potenciais Evocados , Humanos
15.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 126(11): 571-578, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730134

RESUMO

Dentists frequently have to deal with anxious children and adults. Whether these patients can be treated successfully in a regular dental office depends on the type of fear and its severity. Proper diagnostic procedures are therefore paramount. This article gives an overview of how dental fear develops, is sustained, and can be treated. It elaborates on the communication skills important in reducing anxiety and preventing children from developing dental fear.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Relações Dentista-Paciente , Adulto , Criança , Comunicação , Assistência Odontológica , Consultórios Odontológicos , Humanos
16.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 313, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692862

RESUMO

The role of a Medical Science Liaison (MSL) is of growing importance to pharmaceutical, biotechnology, diagnostic and medical device companies. Through scientific engagement MSLs add value to clinical practice, ultimately benefiting patients. The MSL role is dynamic and encompasses in-depth product and disease knowledge together with the ability to communicate relevant, unbiased scientific information concisely and timely. Tasks are focused on contributing towards the advancement of medical knowledge, scientific data generation and dissemination. Professional relationships are developed, fostering collaboration between external experts and typically the medical affairs departments of pharmaceutical companies through a credible liaison. Through such relationships, critical insights are shared that shape the development pipeline, promote successful clinical translation and guide the market deployment strategy of therapeutic interventions through-out their life cycle. Despite the rising number of MSLs in the field and the implicit medical value of the role, there remains a lack of understanding for what the roles of a MSL entails. In Africa, where exponential growth of the pharmaceutical industry is expected, the number of MSLs will increase rapidly. Given the complexities of the African continent, the MSLs in this burgeoning environment will face various challenges including remote locations, time-constraints, regulatory and bureaucratic hurdles and importantly physician misperception of the MSL role that collectively may thwart the goal of meaningful scientific engagement; but these challenges can be surmounted through astute proactive planning and utilization of opportunities including digital communication strategies.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Comportamento Cooperativo , Indústria Farmacêutica/organização & administração , África , Humanos , Indústria Manufatureira/organização & administração , Papel Profissional
17.
N C Med J ; 80(6): 348-351, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685569

RESUMO

Many incarcerated patients will require in-hospital care outside prison facilities. Often, this care is provided by clinicians unfamiliar with the correctional context. In this article, we reflect on our experiences caring for incarcerated inpatients in non-carceral settings in North Carolina and highlight sources of misunderstanding and potential conflicts that arise in the care of these patients.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Hospitalização , Prisioneiros , Prisões/organização & administração , Comunicação , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , North Carolina
18.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(12): 617-623, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725520

RESUMO

In healthcare, timely communication of critical information is imperative among workforce members. Nurse leaders struggle with how to reach clinical staff effectively when informing them of program updates, practice changes, or available resources. This article provides a review of the marketing and communication literature sharing best practices for improving visibility and program uptake for infrastructure supporting the conduct of inquiry projects among hospital employees using an evidence-based practice approach.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3184, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the frequencies attributed to the professional competences of hospital nurses, discussing the ones that obtained higher and lower frequencies. METHOD: descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study with 45 nurses of a hospital of high complexity in the interior of São Paulo state. The study used the Competences Evaluation Questionnaire, translated and validated in Brazil, composed of 27 items in five domains: professionalism, communication, management, nursing process and problem solving. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: it was found that 80% of the participants were female and 20% were male. The age ranged between 25 and 63 years, with an average of 40.02 years, and the average length of professional experience was 13.39 years. The competences "Communication with the hospital's administrative staff" and "Participation in scientific research and / or application of results" had the lowest frequencies, while "Commitment to punctuality and workload" and "Commitment to the ethical principles of the profession" were evaluated with the highest frequencies. CONCLUSION: evaluating the performance by competences becomes essential for managers and training centers, since it contributes to the identification of gaps in knowledge, skills and attitudes of professionals, by promoting the elaboration and implementation of strategies for their development.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Competência Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Brasil , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho
20.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 2): 1809-1813, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: One of the most important indicators of the professional training of future dentists, their competitiveness is the development of professional interaction. The aim of the article is to update the content of the training of future dentists to engage in professional interaction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study, completed during 2015-2018, was attended by 292 students of the specialty "Stomatology". The research uses the following methods: theoretical - analysis, synthesis, systematization and synthesis of scientific literature; empirical - testing, survey, monitoring, pedagogical experiment to find out the effectiveness of the developed content of training future dentists; methods of mathematical statistics. RESULTS: Results and conclusions: For realization of the research purpose it was specially developed a discipline "Professional interaction of dentists" which is aimed at the realization of the tasks: the acquisition of future dentists theoretical knowledge on problems of communication and interaction; increasing the need for communication, implementing a variety of interactions; the formation of future dentists readiness for the implementation of professional interaction, positive communicative attitude to team interaction and receiving satisfaction from it. The program results of the study of the indicated discipline are presented, content of its modules is disclosed. Interactive forms which are used in the process of training future dentists (trainings, business games, problem situations, etc.) and teaching methods (dialogue-discussion, polygon, brainstorming, method of ideas generation, situational dialogues, etc.) are described. The components of future dentist's readiness for professional interaction are developed: motivational, cognitive, operational and personal. The results of the pedagogical experiment, which proved the effectiveness of the implementation of the special course "Professional Interaction of Dentists¼, are presented. Statistical analysis of the results of the study made it possible to establish that after studying the special course in the experimental group there was a noticeable significant increase in the number of students assigned to the high level, in addition, the number of future dentists with a low level was significantly reduced.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Odontólogos/educação , Profissionalismo , Estudantes , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
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