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1.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 819-822, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665857

RESUMO

The efficacy and safety of co-transplantation of unrelated donor peripheral blood stem cells (UD-PBSCs) combined with umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) in refractory severe aplastic anemia-Ⅱ(RSAA-Ⅱ) were analyzed retrospectively. Fifteen patients with RSAA-Ⅱ underwent UD-PBSCs and UC-MSCs co-transplantation, among whom 14 cases had hematopoietic reconstitution without severe graft versus-host disease (GVHD). The 5-year overall survival rate was 78.57%. Combination of UD-PBSCs and UC-MSCs transplantation could be a safe and effective option for RSAA-Ⅱ.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/fisiologia , Cordão Umbilical/fisiologia , Doadores não Relacionados , Anemia Aplástica/imunologia , Anemia Aplástica/mortalidade , Anemia Aplástica/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/imunologia , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Doadores de Tecidos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cordão Umbilical/imunologia
2.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(9): 726-731, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648472

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of mesenchymal stem cells in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for patients with refractory severe aplastic anemia (R-SAA) . Method: The clinical data of 25 R-SAA patients receiving co-transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells combined with peripheral blood stem cells from sibling donors (10 cases) and unrelated donors (15 cases) from March 2010 to July 2018 in Zhengzhou University Affiliated Tumor Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) treatment was ineffective/relapsed in 11 cases, and cyclosporine (CsA) treatment ineffective/relapsed in 14 cases. Results: There were 13 male and 12 female among these patients. One patient had a primary graft failure, one patient had a poorly engraftment of platelets, and the remaining 23 patients achieved hematopoietic engraftment. The median time of granulocyte engraftment was 12.5 (10-23) days and 15 (11-25) days for megakaryocyte. Incidences of grade Ⅰ/Ⅱ acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) were 37.5% (9/24) and 21.7% (5/23) , respectively. There was no severe GVHD and no severe complications that related to transplantation. 21 of 25 (84%) patients were alive with a median follow-up of 22.9 (1.6-107.8) months. The 5-year overall survival rate after transplantation was (83.6±7.5) %. Conclusion: The combination of mesenchymal stem cells is reliable and safe in the treatment of R-SAA in peripheral blood stem cell transplantation of unrelated donors and sibling donors, which could significantly reduce the incidence of GVHD and severe transplantation-related complications.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(9): 732-737, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648473

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy, response and survival between high-dose melphalan (HDM) and cyclophosphamide+ etoposide+ busulfan (CVB) as the conditioning regimen in autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) . Methods: Retrospectively enrolled 123 consecutive NDMM patients who had received PAD induction with subsequent ASCT from Jan 2011 to Aug 2017. The CVB group and HDM group had 82 and 41 patients respectively. Results: ①No differences existed between these 2 groups in non-hematological side effects. ②Patients of CVB group had faster neutrophil and platelet engraftment time, with the median neutrophil engraftment time of 10 (9-35) day vs 11 (9-12) day for patients of HDM group (z=-3.433, P=0.001) , and with median platelet engraftment time of 11 (7-55) day vs 13 (10-35) day for patients of HDM group (z=-3.506, P<0.001) . CVB group entered neutropenia and severe thrombocytopenia more earlier than the HDM group, resulting similar neutropenia duration and severe thrombocytopenia duration between the CVB group and HDM group. However, patients of CVB group had significantly longer fever persistent time and antibiotic administration time. ③The response rate was significantly lower in patients of CVB group vs. patients of HDM group (9/46 vs 14/28, P=0.021) . Further, the minimal residual disease (MRD) negative rate at 3(rd) month post-transplantation seemed to be lower in CVB group than that in HDM group (31.7%vs 48.8%, P=0.065) . ④Both the univariate and multivariate analysis showed that HDM and CVB groups had similar duration to progression (TTP) (P=0.619) and overall survival (OS) (P=0.295) . Conclusion: HDM conditioning regimen is superior to CVB regimen in hematological side effects, tumor burden reduction and administration convenience. However, these two regimen had similar TTP and OS in MM patients receiving ASCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Bussulfano , Ciclofosfamida , Combinação de Medicamentos , Etoposídeo , Humanos , Melfalan , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Autólogo
4.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(9): 1331-1336, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597860

RESUMO

Chronic active EBV infection (CAEBV) is one of the EBV-associated T/NK lymphoproliferative diseases. The prognosis of CAEBV is very poor, and without curative therapy, almost half of patients will die within five years of onset. The results of a 3-step treatment regimen consisting of step 1 (immunochemotherapy), step 2 (multi-drug chemotherapy), and step 3 (hematopoietic cell transplantation, HCT) are excellent. HCT is the only cure for CAEBV, and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) is superior to myeloablative conditioning (MAC). The overall survival rate is typically more than 90% following bone marrow transplantation and cord blood transplantation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Tratamento Farmacológico , Humanos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/virologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
6.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 667-672, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495134

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the efficacy of HLA-haploidentical peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-PBSCT) following reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen to treat the patients with hematological malignancies who were older than 50 years old. Methods: Eighteen patients with hematological malignancies over 50 years were enrolled, including 8 male and 10 female patients. The median age of all patients was 52 (range: 50-66) years. Of them, 8 patients had acute myeloid leukemia (AML) , 2 chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) , 5 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) , 2 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) , and 1 aggressive natural killer cell leukemia (ANKL) . All patients received fludarabine, cytarabine and melphalan with rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin (FAB+rATG regimen) and transplanted with high dose non-T cell-depleted peripheral hematopoietic stem cells from donors. Enhanced graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis and infection prevention were administered. Results: Fifteen days after transplantation, 16 patients achieved complete donor chimerism. One of them rejected the donor graft completely at thirty days after transplantation, and the other 2 patients had mixed chimerism 15 days after transplantation and converted to complete recipient chimerism at 30 days after transplantation. The cumulative incidence of acute GVHD (aGVHD) was 61.1% (95%CI49.6%-72.6%) . The incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD was 35.4% (95%CI 21.1%-49.7%) , whereas grade III-IV was 13.8% (95%CI 4.7%-22.9%) . The 2-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD (cGVHD) rate was estimated at 38.2% (95%CI 25.5%-50.9%) . Patients were followed-up for a median of 14.5 months (range, 3-44 months) . The Kaplan Meier estimates of 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was 72.6% (95%CI 60.1%-85.1%) and 63.7% (95%CI 49.2%-78.2%) , respectively. The 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse and non-relapse-mortality (NRM) was 31.2% (95%CI 16.5%-45.9%) and 12.5% (95%CI 4.2%-20.8%) , respectively. Conclusion: RIC-haplo-PBSCT protocol can achieve better results in patients with hematologic malignancies over 50 years old.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
8.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(9): 668-672, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475551

RESUMO

Restrospective study to evaluate the efficacy of early vs. delayed initiation of G-CSF after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) in patients with lymphoid malignancies. BACKGROUND: Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is commonly used after AHSCT to accelerate stem cell engraftment to minimize the morbidity and mortality associated with prolonged neutropenia. However, there is no consensus on the optimal timing of G-CSF after HSCT. METHODS: A total of 117 patients with lymphoid malignancies who underwent AHSCT were included. All patients received G-CSF (filgrastim 5 µg/kg s.c.) daily after AHSCT (43 patients on day 6-8 and 74 patients on day 3 or 4). All patients received standard conditioning regimen for the underlying disease, and standard supportive treatment, including treatment of febrile neutropenia. RESULTS: The incidence of severe neutropenia was 81 % vs 17 %, and very severe neutropenia 61 % vs 4 % in the delayed and early G-CSF groups, respectively (p < 0.0001). The rate of fungal infection was higher in the group of patients who received delayed G-CSF (p < 0.005). CONCLUSION: An early administration of G-CSF after AHSCT (on day 3 or 4) accelerates neutophil engraftment; decreases the incidence of severe neutropenia and the risk of infectious complications (especially fungal infections) (Tab. 1, Fig. 3, Ref. 22).


Assuntos
Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Filgrastim/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Neutropenia/terapia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Autólogo
9.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(8): 1265-1273, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501368

RESUMO

Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation(auto-PBSCT)combined with high-dose chemotherapy has been considered as the standard therapy for relapsed or induction therapy-refractory aggressive lymphomas sensitive to chemotherapy. While various regimens have been applied as the conditioning,none has yet been established as the standard. We have begun to employ high-dose ranimustine,cytarabine,etoposide and cyclophosphamide(MCVAC)regimen. The present study was undertaken to review the efficacy and safety of MCVAC. Regimen: We carried out a retrospective analysis of 20 patients diagnosed as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The median follow-up duration of 20 patients was 13.05 months(range, 0.57-49.5 months). The 4-year OS and PFS were 57.8% and 30.2%,respectively. Relapse was the most frequent cause of treatment failure(n=7). The major toxicities were anorexia/nausea(95%),diarrhea (75%),hypokalemia (70%). One patient died of hepatic veno-occlusive disease(VOD). The serious adverse events included hypokalemia,arrhythmia,cerebral hemorrhage,and heart failure(1 case[5%]each). There was 1 case of a late-onset adverse event: therapy-related myelo- dysplastic syndrome/acute myeloblastic leukemia(MDS/AML). MCVAC regimen was concluded as effective and well-toler- ated. However,we should carefully monitored for the possible development of VOD and MDS/AML. Further follow-up is needed to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida , Etoposídeo , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Autólogo
10.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(9): 1223-1228, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unmanipulated haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haploSCT) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide is an option for patients with advanced hematologic malignancies. It offers a platform both for non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted alloimmunity due to killer-like immunoglobulin receptor (KIR)-mediated mechanisms of natural killer lymphocyte regulation and for classical T-cell mediated antileukemic effects. OBJECTIVES: The devastating long-term sequelae after total body irradiation (TBI) in children are encouraging omission of irradiation techniques in pediatric stem cell transplantations (SCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five children, 4 with acute leukemia and 1 with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, aged from 1 to 10 years, underwent haploSCT with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide. In all children, the conditioning regimen consisted of chemotherapy without TBI. The graft material was bone marrow (BM) in 4 cases and peripheral blood stem cells in 1 case. Three out of 5 leukemic patients showed better KIR haplotype associated with augmented alloreactivity. RESULTS: Engraftment with complete donor chimerism was achieved in 4 patients, and 1 recipient died before leukocyte recovery. Three patients developed skin acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGvHD), 1 gut aGvHD and 1 liver aGvHD. In 2 recipients, chronic graft-versus-host-disease (cGvHD) was observed (1 limited and 1 extensive). The 4 engrafted patients were alive and in complete remission 3, 9, 32, and 36 months after transplantation. A T-cell count of 200 cells/uL was reached 90 days after haploSCT in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: HaploSCT with TBI-free protocols can be a viable option for heavily pretreated patients with advanced malignancies.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Lactente , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Irradiação Corporal Total
11.
Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol ; 68(2): 71-74, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398979

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The optimal dosage of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) may influence the outcome of patients after allogenic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The aim of our study was to analyse human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection data, incidence of graft-versus-host disease and other clinical endpoints comparing two patients cohorts that were administered two different Thymoglobuline Genzyme doses as part of the HSCT conditioning regimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total of 65 adult patients received ATG (7.5 mg/kg or 6 mg/kg) as a part of the fludarabine/busulfan/ATG conditioning regimen. CMV DNAemia was monitored after HSCT using quantitative real-time PCR and preemptive treatment was started for viral loads above 1000 cp/ml. RESULTS: The mild ATG dose reduction extended the time to the first CMV detection after transplantation (28 days for 7.5 mg/kg dose vs. 40 days for 6 mg/kg dose, p = 0.04). But it did not reduce the incidence or influence first anti-CMV treatment onset, the initial viral load, peak viral load in whole blood or the antiviral therapy parameters (all p 0.18). No impact of ATG dose reduction on incidence of graft-versus-host-disease, relapse of underlying disease or mortality within first year after transplantation (all p 0.32) were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The reduced ATG dosages can allow lower toxicity of conditioning regimen while keeping the performance.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário , Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adulto , Soro Antilinfocitário/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Coortes , Citomegalovirus , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1246-1252, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical outcomes of engraftment, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and survival in the patients with AML1-ETO positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT). METHODS: Forty-Five patients with high-risk refractory AML1-ETO positive AML were treated with a single UCBT in a single center from July 2010 to April 2018. All the patients underwent a myeloablative preconditioning regimen,and cyclosporine A (CSA) combined with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was used to prevent GVHD. RESULTS: The median value of total nucleated cells (TNC) in cord blood was 5.21 (1.96-12.68)×107/kg recipient body weight, and that of CD34+ cells was 5.61 (0.56-15.4)×105/kg recipient weight. The implantation rate of neutrophil at 42 d and that of platelet at 120 d were 95.6% and 86.7%, respectively. The median time of absolute neutrophil count (ANC)>0.5×109/L and platelet 20×109/L were 16 (12-18) d and 37 (17-140) d after transplantation, respectively. The cumulative incidence of Ⅰ -Ⅳ grade acute GVHD (aGVHD) at 100 d after transplantation was 48.9% (95% CI 33.5%-62.6%), Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade aGVHD occurred in 12 cases (33.3%) (95% CI 20%-47.2%) , and Ⅲ-Ⅳ grade a GVHD in 8 cases (20%) (95% CI 9.8% -32.8%). In 5 cases of 40 patients survived over 100 days, the chronic GVHD (cGVHD) occurred after transplantation, among which 4 were localized, and 1 was extensive. 3 patients relapsed, and the 2-year cumulative relapse rate was 9.5% (95% CI 2.4%-22.8%). The median follow-up time was 23.5 (0.9-89.67) months, 10 patients died, 2-year disease-free survival rate (DFS) was 72.7%, and overall survival rate (OS) was 75.5%. Multivariate analysis showed that Ⅲ-Ⅳ. acute GVHD (aGVHD) affected overall survival. CONCLUSION: UCBT is an effective rescue treatment for patients with high-risk refractory AML1-ETO positive AML.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Humanos , Ácido Micofenólico , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1 , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
13.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(11): 2823-2834, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468122

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The optimal dose intensity for conditioning prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively compared outcomes of patients who received a first alloHCST after non-myeloablative (NMA) and reduced intensity conditioning (RIC). Data of 432 patients with a median age of 55 years were included, of which 86 patients underwent NMA and 346 RIC. RESULTS: The median follow-up after alloHSCT was 4.3 years. Compared to the RIC group, more NMA patients had purine-analog-sensitive disease, were in complete remission and received matched related donor transplantation. After RIC, the probabilities for 5-year OS, EFS, CIR, and NRM were 46%, 38%, 28%, and 35% and after NMA the respective probabilities were 52%, 43%, 25%, and 32%. In multivariate analysis, remission status prior to conditioning but not RIC versus NMA conditioning had a significant impact on CIR, EFS, and OS. CONCLUSION: Presumed higher anti-leukemic activity of RIC versus NMA conditioning did not translate into better outcomes after alloHSCT, but better remission status prior to conditioning did. Effective pathway inhibitor-based salvage therapies combined with NMA conditioning might thus represent the most attractive contemporary approach for alloHSCT for patients with CLL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/mortalidade , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Masculino , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Ann Hematol ; 98(10): 2389-2398, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392462

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is considered an effective way to prevent relapse in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This study aimed to assess general trends in the use of various types of HSCTs performed between 2001 and 2015 in Europe, based on data reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry. We also evaluated HSCT rates with respect to ALL incidence in selected countries. Altogether, 15,346 first allogeneic (n = 13,460) or autologous (n = 1886) HSCTs were performed in the study period. Comparing 2013-2015 and 2001-2003, the number of allogeneic HSCTs performed in first complete remission increased by 136%, most prominently for transplantations from unrelated (272%) and mismatched related donors (339%). The number of HSCTs from matched sibling donors increased by 42%, while the total number of autologous HSCTs decreased by 70%. Increased use of allogeneic HSCT was stronger for Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive (166%) than for Ph-negative ALL (38%) and for patients aged > 55 years (599%) than for younger adults (59%). The proportion of allogeneic HSCT with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) increased from 6 to 27%. The age-standardized rates of allogeneic HSCT per ALL incidence varied strongly among countries. Our analysis showed a continued trend toward increased allogeneic HSCT use for adults with ALL, which may be attributed to increasing availability of unrelated donors, wider use of RIC regimens, and improving efficacy of pretransplant therapy, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors for Ph-positive ALL. Allogeneic HSCT remains a major tool in the fight against ALL in adults.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/tendências , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/tendências , Doadores não Relacionados , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aloenxertos , Autoenxertos , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Sociedades Médicas
15.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 20(12): 1429-1438, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282759

RESUMO

Introduction: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) or human herpesvirus 5 (HHV-5) is a ß-herpesvirus that causes widespread infection in nearly all members of the human population worldwide. Its persistence in humans after primary infection in a latent phase as well as a partial non-protective immune response is the basis for repeated re-activation/re-infection episodes occurring both in immunocompetent and immunocompromised subjects. In the latter patient populations, which include hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients, HCMV reactivation episodes may be particularly severe, leading to both systemic and end-organ diseases. Since the 90s, at least four antiviral drugs targeting the DNA polymerase complex have been developed for the prevention and treatment of HCMV infections in transplant recipients, used as first-line (ganciclovir and valganciclovir) and second-line therapy (foscarnet and cidofovir). However, due to their toxicity and drug-resistance induction, new drugs with different targets were needed. Areas covered: In 2017, a new drug named letermovir (LTV), which targets the HCMV DNA terminase complex, was licensed for prophylaxis of HCMV infections in HSCT recipients. This is the focus of this review. Expert opinion: LTV safety and efficacy are promising. However, long-term adverse events and the emergence of drug-resistant HCMV strains must be investigated in extended clinical trials prior to drawing final conclusions.


Assuntos
Acetatos/uso terapêutico , Quimioprevenção/métodos , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/prevenção & controle , Citomegalovirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Quimioprevenção/estatística & dados numéricos , Cidofovir/uso terapêutico , Citomegalovirus/genética , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Ganciclovir/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplantados/estatística & dados numéricos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/estatística & dados numéricos , Valganciclovir/uso terapêutico
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16222, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335672

RESUMO

RATIONALE: HIV-related lymphoma, especially non-Hodgkin lymphoma, is one of the most common malignant tumors in HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) for the patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is needed to be further explored. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 57-year-old man was hospitalized with intermittent pain on upper abdomen and melena for >1 month. DIAGNOSIS: HIV antibody testing was positive. The upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed and histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed BL. INTERVENTIONS: Highly effective antiretroviral therapy and sixth cycles of chemotherapy were administered, followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. OUTCOMES: The patient has had tumor-free survival for >6 years with normal CD4+ T cell counts and HIV viral load below the lowest detection LESSONS:: The patient was treated with AHSCT followed complete remission after chemotherapy and achieved long-term disease-free survival. AHSCT may be a promising way for clinical cure of HIV-related BL.


Assuntos
Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/métodos , Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por HIV , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma de Burkitt/complicações , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral/métodos
17.
Ann Hematol ; 98(9): 2103-2110, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267177

RESUMO

Childhood leukaemia survivors (CLS) are known to have developed long-term impairment of lung function. The reasons for that complication are only partially known. The aims of this study were to assess pulmonary function in CLS and identify (1) risk factors and (2) clinical manifestations for the impairment of airflow and lung diffusion. The study group included 74 CLS: 46 treated with chemotherapy alone (HSCT-), 28 with chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT+), and 84 healthy subjects (control group (CG)). Spirometry and diffusion limit of carbon monoxide (DLCO) tests were performed in all subjects. Ten (14%) survivors had restrictive, five (7%) had obstructive pattern, and 47 (66%) had reduced DLCO. The age at diagnosis, type of transplant, and type of conditioning regimen did not significantly affect the pulmonary function tests. The DLCO%pv were lower in CLS than in CG (p < 0.03) and in the HSCT+ than in the HSCT- survivors (p < 0.05). The pulmonary infection increased the risk of diffusion impairment (OR 5.1, CI 1.16-22.9, p = 0.019). DLCO was reduced in survivors who experienced CMV lung infection (p < 0.001). The main symptom of impaired lung diffusion was poor tolerance of exercise (p < 0.005). The lower lung diffusion capacity is the most frequent abnormality in CLS. HSCT and pulmonary infection, in particular with CMV infection, are strong risk factors for impairment of lung diffusion capacity in CLS. Clinical manifestation of DLCO impairment is poor exercise tolerance. A screening for respiratory abnormalities in CLS seems to be of significant importance.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia/fisiopatologia , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Testes de Função Respiratória
19.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(6): 467-471, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340618

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the efficacy and toxicity of decitabine-based conditioning regimen in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) , acute myeloid leukemia secondary to MDS (MDS-AML) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) . Methods: From March 1, 2013 to May 25, 2015, 22 patients who underwent allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with decitabine-based conditioning regimen were analyzed retrospectively. Results: ①22 patients, 14 males and 8 females with a median age of 42.5 (24-56) years old, were diagnosed as MDS (n=14) , CMML (n=4) , MDS-AML (n=4) . ②15 patients were treated with the conditioning regimen of decitabine combined with busulfan, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and cytarabine, the other 7 cases were treated with decitabine, busulfan, fludarabine, and cytarabine. The dose of decitabine was 20 mg·m(-2)·d(-1) for 5 days.Rabbit anti-human anti-thymocyte globulin (2.5 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) for 4 days) was involved in conditioning regimen in patients with unrelated donor or haploidentical transplantation. ③Except 1 patient died of infection in 2 months after transplantation, the other patients were engrafted successfully. The median time of granulocyte engraftment was 13 (12-18) days, and the median time of platelet engraftment was 16 (13-81) days. ④The incidence of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) was (41.3±10.6) %, and severe aGVHD (grade of III-IV) was (18.4±9.7) %. The incidence of chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) was (56.4±11.3) %, and extensive cGVHD was (36.4±12.1) %. ⑤8 patients were suffered with cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia. Among the 18 patients with definitely infection, 6 occurred during myelosuppression and 12 cases occurred after hematopoietic reconstruction. The 2-year and 3-year non-relapse mortality was (13.9±7.4) % and (24.3±9.5) %, respectively. ⑥The 2-year and 3-year overall survival (OS) was (77.3±8.9) % and (67.9±10.0) %, respectively. The 2-year and 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS) was (72.7±9.5) % and (63.6±10.3) %, respectively. Conclusions: allo-HSCT with decitabine-based conditioning regimen is feasible in the treatment of MDS, MDS-AML or CMML.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Adulto , Bussulfano , Decitabina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(6): 484-489, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340621

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes and prognostic factors of myelodysplasia syndrome (MDS) patients who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: 165 cases of MDS who underwent allo-HSCT from Jan. 2010 to Mar. 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, focusing on the overall survival (OS) , disease free survival (DFS) , relapse, non-relapse mortality (NRM) and their related risk factors. Results: Of all the 165 cases, 105 were male and 60 were female. The 3-year OS and DFS rate were 72.5% (95%CI 64.9%-80.1%) and 67.4% (95%CI 59.17%-75.63%) , respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse and NRM were 12.11% (95%CI 7.03%-18.65%) and 20.44% (95%CI 14.15%-27.56%) , respectively. HCT-comorbidity index (P=0.042, HR=2.094, 95%CI 1.026-4.274) was identified as independent risk factor for OS by the multivariate analysis. Intensive chemotherapy before HSCT or hypomethylation agents treatment had no effects on OS[ (67.0±7.5) %vs (57.7±10.9) %, χ(2)=0.025, P=0.874]. Conclusions: allo-HSCT is a promising means for MDS, and NRM is the major cause of treatment failure. MDS with refractory anemia with excess blasts and secondary acute myeloid leukemia patients may not benefit from intensive chemotherapy or hypomethylation agents treatment before HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo
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