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1.
J Appl Psychol ; 105(10): 1073-1087, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866024

RESUMO

Employees around the world have experienced sudden, significant changes in their work and family roles due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, applied psychologists have limited understanding of how employee experiences of work-family conflict and enrichment have been affected by this event and what organizations can do to ensure better employee functioning during such societal crises. Adopting a person-centered approach, we examine transitions in employees' work-family interfaces from before COVID-19 to after its onset. First, in Study 1, using latent profile analysis (N = 379; nonpandemic data), we identify profiles of bidirectional conflict and enrichment, including beneficial (low conflict and high enrichment), active (medium conflict and enrichment), and passive (low conflict and enrichment). In Study 2, with data collected before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, we replicate Study 1 profiles and explore whether employees transition between work-family profiles during the pandemic. Results suggest that although many remain in prepandemic profiles, positive (from active/passive to beneficial) and negative (from beneficial to active/passive) transitions occurred for a meaningful proportion of respondents. People were more likely to go through negative transitions if they had high segmentation preferences, engaged in emotion-focused coping, experienced higher technostress, and had less compassionate supervisors. In turn, negative transitions were associated with negative employee consequences during the pandemic (e.g., lower job satisfaction and job performance, and higher turnover intent). We discuss implications for future research and for managing during societal crises, both present and future. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
2.
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 42-48, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195038

RESUMO

The implementation of measures (e.g. school closure and social distancing) to contain the spread of COVID-19 by government in numerous countries has affected millions of children and their families worldwide. However, the consequences of such measures on children's wellbeing are not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the psychological impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on primary school children and their families living in the UK. A total of 927 caregivers with children aged between 5 and 11 years completed an online survey which included a set of questionnaires to measure their own behaviour and emotional state as well as that of their children before and during the lockdown. Caregivers reported changes in their children's emotional state and behaviours during the lockdown. The most frequently reported child symptom was boredom (73.8%), followed by loneliness (64.5%) and frustration (61.4%). Irritability, restlessness, anger, anxiety, sadness, worry and being likely to argue with the rest of the family was reported by more than 30% of the caregivers. During the lockdown, children spent significantly more time using screens, and less time doing physical activity and sleeping. Moreover, family coexistence during the lockdown was described as moderately difficult. More than half of the caregivers reported being moderately or seriously distressed during the lockdown and caregiver level of psychological distress was significantly related to child symptoms. The findings emphasised the importance of developing prevention programmes to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on children's and their family's psychological wellbeing


La implementación de medidas para contener la propagación del COVID-19 por parte del gobierno en numerosos países (por ejemplo, el cierre de colegios y el distanciamiento social) ha afectado a millones de niños y a sus familias en todo el mundo. Sin embargo, se desconocen las consecuencias de esas medidas en el bienestar de los niños. El objetivo del presente estudio fue examinar el impacto psicológico del confinamiento por COVID-19 en niños de educación primaria y en sus familias, residentes en Reino Unido. Un total de 927 padres y madres de niños de 5 a 11 años completaron una batería online compuesta por un conjunto de cuestionarios para evaluar su propio comportamiento y su estado emocional, así como el de sus hijos, antes y durante el confinamiento. Los padres informaron de cambios en el estado emocional y en el comportamiento de sus hijos. El síntoma infantil más frecuente fue el aburrimiento (73.8%), seguido del sentimiento de soledad (64.5%) y la frustración (61.4%). Más del 30% de los padres informaron de irritabilidad, inquietud, enfado, ansiedad, tristeza, preocupación y de una mayor probabilidad de discutir con el resto de la familia. Durante el confinamiento, los niños pasaban significativamente más tiempo usando pantallas y menos tiempo realizando actividad física y durmiendo. Además, la convivencia familiar se describió como moderadamente díficil. Más de la mitad de los padres informaron de niveles moderados o graves de distrés durante el confinamiento, que se relacionó significativamente con los síntomas del niño. Los hallazgos enfatizan la importancia de desarrollar programas de prevención para mitigar el impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en el bienestar psicológico de los niños y sus familias


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medo/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
3.
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 66-72, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195041

RESUMO

La pandemia mundial del COVID-19 ha traído una gran cantidad de cambios vitales para la sociedad. Ante esta situación, las familias y sus hijos han tenido que adaptarse a nuevas rutinas y situaciones, lo que puede haber aumentado o agravado el padecimiento de sintomatología emocional. No obstante, la presencia de resiliencia y de estrategias de regulación emocional positivas, puede amortiguar este impacto en las familias con hijos pequeños. El objetivo del presente trabajo es conocer las variables que explicaban los problemas de ajuste emocional familiar ante la pandemia del COVID-19, teniendo en cuenta las díadas de progenitores y sus hijos adolescentes. Participaron 31 díadas de adolescentes entre 11 y 19 años (M =13.90; DT=1.85) y sus cuidadores principales, siendo el 93,50% madres. Tras aceptar participar en el estudio se evaluó la regulación emocional (Cuestionario de Regulación Emocional; ERQ), la resiliencia (Escala de Resiliencia de Connor-Davidson; CD-RISC) y la sintomatología ansiosa, depresiva y el estrés (Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés; DASS). Se realizaron modelos de análisis comparativo cualitativo de conjuntos difusos (fsQCA). En la explicación del desajuste emocional de los cuidadores, el clima familiar negativo y las estrategias de regulación emocional deficientes en sus hijos fueron las variables más relevantes. En la explicación del malestar emocional de los adolescentes, lo fueron la baja resiliencia de estos y las estrategias deficientes de regulación emocional de sus padres. Nuestro estudio señala la relevancia de atender a los miembros de las familias en su conjunto ante crisis vitales de este tipo, mediante programas de intervención que mejoren los vínculos familiares y las estrategias de regulación emocional


The global pandemic of COVID-19 has brought a host of vital changes to society. Families and their children have had to adapt to new routines and situations, which may have increased or aggravated the suffering of emotional symptoms. However, the presence of resilience and positive emotional regulation strategies can cushion this impact on families with young children. The aim of the present study is to know the variables that explained the problems of family emotional adjustment to the COVID-19 pandemic, considering the dyads of parents and their adolescent children. Thirty-one dyads of adolescents between 11 and 19 years old (M = 13.90; SD = 1.85) and their main caregivers participated, 93.50% of whom were mothers. After accepting to participate in the study, emotional regulation (Emotional Regulation Questionnaire; ERQ), resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale; CD-RISC) and anxious, depressive and stress symptoms (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; DASS) were evaluated. Qualitative comparative fuzzy set analysis (fsQCA) models were performed. In the explanation of the emotional maladjustment of the caregivers, the negative family climate and the deficient emotional regulation strategies in their children were the most relevant variables. In the explanation of the emotional discomfort of the adolescents, the low resilience of these and the deficient strategies of emotional regulation of their parents were the most relevant variables. Our study points out the relevance of caring for family members when facing this kind of life crisis, through intervention programs that improve family bonds and emotional regulation strategies


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ajustamento Emocional/classificação , Transtornos de Adaptação/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica/classificação , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Relações Familiares/psicologia
4.
Fam Process ; 59(3): 1045-1059, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621755

RESUMO

This report introduces the COVID-19 Family Environment Scale (CHES), which aims to measure the impact of social distancing due to COVID-19 on household conflict and cohesion. Existing measures do not capture household experiences relevant to the pandemic, in which families are largely confined to their homes while sharing a life-threatening situation. Using best practice guidelines, we developed a pool of items and revised them with review by a panel of experts, and cognitive interviewing with community respondents. We administered the CHES by online survey to 3,965 adults. The CHES consists of 15 items for each of two subscales, household conflict (α = .847) and household cohesion (α = .887). Exploratory factor analysis yielded two factors, corresponding to the intended conflict and cohesion items, which accounted for 29% of variance. Confirmatory factor analysis partially supported the 2-factor model (RMSEA = .057; CFI = .729, TLI = .708, and SRMR = .098). The CHES also contains 25 optional items to describe respondent and household characteristics, and household-level COVID-19 exposure. The CHES, publicly available at https://elcentro.sonhs.miami.edu/research/measures-library/covid-19/index.html, provides a tool for measuring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on important determinants of resilience in the face of major stressful events. Further work is needed to address the factor structure and establish validity of the CHES.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/normas , Quarentena/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Análise Fatorial , Características da Família , Terapia Familiar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Evid Based Soc Work (2019) ; 17(5): 558-575, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589105

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine (1) the effects of early exposure to neighborhood disorder and fathers' early involvement on children's long-term internalizing and externalizing problems, and (2) whether fathers' early involvement buffered effects of early exposure to neighborhood disorder on children's internalizing and externalizing problems. METHOD: We used five waves of Fragile Family and Child Wellbeing study data and conducted multi-level longitudinal mixed-effects models to examine relationships among early exposure to neighborhood disorder, fathers' early involvement, and children's internalizing and externalizing problems. RESULTS: Results indicated that early exposure to neighborhood disorder was associated with increased children's internalizing and externalizing problems, while fathers' early involvement was associated with decreased children's internalizing and externalizing problems. However, fathers' early involvement did not buffer the negative effects of early exposure to neighborhood disorder on children's internalizing and externalizing problems. DISCUSSION: The findings suggest the importance of neighborhood order and fathers' early involvement in decreasing children's internalizing and externalizing problems. Developing neighborhood-level interventions and improving fathers' involvement in early childhood are potential strategies to prevent children's behavioral problems in the long term.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Pai-Filho , Pai/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Am J Psychoanal ; 80(2): 119-132, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493939

RESUMO

The coronavirus pandemic, which apparently began in Wuhan in December 2019, and has persisted to the present day, has had several psychological effects in China. The real danger has produced prolonged stress. Large-group phenomena have been stimulated. Overwhelming affects generated by the real danger have led to regression in the stimulus barrier (or "filter"). The COVID-19 has also triggered unconscious defensive reactions, including obsessional cleaning, counterphobic behavior, humor, and denial. The nationally imposed home quarantine of millions of families has caused in-home conflicts and neurotic repetitions of unresolved childhood issues. Prior psychiatric illnesses have been exacerbated. Health workers, including psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychoanalysts, have experienced emotional depletion. Finally, in families where there has been infection or death, delayed mourning and post-traumatic phenomena have been observed. In each of these situations, different interventions based on psychoanalytic principles have been useful.


Assuntos
Sintomas Comportamentais/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Terapia Psicanalítica , Quarentena/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático/psicologia , Sintomas Comportamentais/terapia , Esgotamento Profissional/terapia , China , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático/terapia
7.
Aval. psicol ; 19(2): 198-204, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1100907

RESUMO

Nesta pesquisa, alicerçada no Construcionismo Social, são pesquisados cinco avós com o objetivo de compreender como as suas práticas discursivas estão ligadas ao processo de litígio pela guarda dos netos. Nesse processo, ficou claro que a prática discursiva pode ser um interessante recurso metodológico na avaliação psicológica, ao possibilitar o entendimento da organização psicológica dos indivíduos em um determinado momento de suas vidas. No caso específico desses avós, foi possível perceber como as suas práticas discursivas - presentes no litígio dos filhos - têm relação com questões psicológicas, sociais e judiciais. Essa constatação permitiu reconhecer que o adoecimento psíquico dos avós, nessas circunstâncias, fortalece o acirramento do litígio e assegura o seu poder parental. AU


Based on Social Constructionism, five grandparents were interviewed in order to understand how their discursive practices are intertwined with the litigation process regarding the custody of grandchildren. Accordingly, it was understood that the discursive practice can be an interesting methodological resource for psychological assessment, by making it possible to understand the psychological organization of individuals, at certain moments in their lives. In the case of these grandparents, it was possible to understand how their discursive practices present in the children's litigation were related to psychological, social and judicial issues. This understanding made it possible to recognize the psychic illness of the grandparents and, in this circumstance, strengthened the aggravation of the litigation and guaranteed its parental power. AU


En esta investigación basada en el Construccionismo Social, cinco abuelos fueron investigados con el objetivo de comprender cómo sus prácticas discursivas están relacionadas al proceso de litigio por la custodia de los nietos. En este proceso, se evidenció que la práctica discursiva puede ser un recurso metodológico fundamental en la evaluación psicológica, al posibilitar comprender la organización psicológica de los individuos en un determinado momento de sus vidas. En el caso específico de estos abuelos, fue posible comprender cómo sus prácticas discursivas, presentes en el litigio de los hijos, tienen relación con cuestiones psicológicas, sociales y judiciales. Esta comprensión permitió reconocer que la enfermedad psíquica de los abuelos, en estas circunstancias refuerza la agudización del litigio y asegura su poder parental. AU


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Custódia da Criança , Divórcio/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Avós/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
Psychol Bull ; 146(7): 553-594, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437177

RESUMO

The aim of the current meta-analysis was to aggregate concurrent and longitudinal empirical research on associations between the interparental relationship and both children's maladjustment (i.e., externalizing and internalizing symptoms) and children's responses to interparental conflict (i.e., emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and physiological). Based on major theoretical frameworks, we distinguished between six dimensions of the interparental relationship: relationship quality, conflict frequency, hostile, disengaged, and unconstructive forms of conflict, and child-related conflict. A final selection of 169 studies for child maladjustment and 61 studies for child responses to conflict were included. The findings revealed by the expansive and fine-grained approach of this meta-analysis support and challenge theoretical hypotheses about the relative predictive value of dimensions of the interparental relationship for children's functioning. Although hostility was specifically more strongly associated with children's externalizing behavior and emotional responses to conflict, disengaged and unconstructive conflict behavior posed similar risks for the other domains of child functioning. In addition, relationship quality, conflict frequency, and child-related conflict warrant more attention in theoretical frameworks, as these dimensions posed similar risks to child functioning as the different forms of conflict. Moreover, most associations between the interparental relationship and child functioning endured over time. Also, developmental and gender differences appeared to depend on the specific forms of interparental conflict and the domain of child functioning. In sum, the results support the growing consensus that prevention and intervention programs aimed at children's mental health could benefit from an alternative or additional focus on the interparental relationship. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Aval. psicol ; 19(1): 106-111, jan.-abr. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1089028

RESUMO

O presente estudo visa descrever a implementação da tarefa "Arbitrium", uma aplicação ainda em desenvolvimento, idealizada no sentido de servir como ferramenta para a aferição de dados sobre a rotina dos participantes do projeto Conflito de Família-Trabalho e Estratégias de Gestão de Tempo Adotadas por Profissionais. Essa ferramenta foi elaborada por uma equipe multidisciplinar com o intuito de trazer a um estudo científico elementos de gamificação e verificar dados que seriam perdidos utilizando formas convencionais de obtenção das informações em estudos científicos, como questionários ou entrevistas. O uso da tarefa pretende aumentar o engajamento do participante no estudo, além de permitir acesso a dados, como o tempo que um participante leva para fazer suas escolhas em relação aos domínios da família e do trabalho, a tendência de priorização de algum dos domínios, o seu desempenho na gestão dos dois papéis, além das escolhas em si. (AU)


The present study aimed to describe the implementation of the 'Arbitrium' task, an application under development, conceived to serve as a tool for the measurement of the routine of participants in the project Work-Family Conflict and Time Management Strategies adopted by Professionals. This tool was developed by a multidisciplinary team with the intention of bringing elements of gamification to a scientific study, and to verify data that would be lost using conventional data collection methods in scientific studies in the field, such as questionnaires or interviews. The use of the task aims to increase the participant's engagement in the study. It will also allow access to data, such as the time that participants takes to make their choices in relation to the domains of family and work, the tendency to prioritize one of the domains, the performance in managing the two roles and the choices themselves.(AU)


El presente estudio objetiva describir la implementación de la tarea 'Arbitrium', una aplicación aún en desarrollo, idealizada en el sentido de servir como herramienta para la medición de datos sobre la rutina de los participantes del proyecto Conflicto de Familia-Trabajo y Estrategias de Gestión del Tiempo Adoptadas por Profesionales. Esta herramienta fue elaborada por un equipo multidisciplinario con la finalidad de traer a un estudio científico elementos de gamificación y averiguar datos que serían perdidos, utilizando formas convencionales de obtención de las informaciones en estudios científicos, como cuestionarios o entrevistas. El uso de la tarea pretende aumentar el comprometimiento del participante en el estudio y también permitir el acceso a datos como: el tiempo que un participante lleva para tomar decisiones en relación a los dominios de la familia y del trabajo, la tendencia de priorización de alguno de los dominios, su rendimiento en la gestión de los dos papeles, además de las propias.(AU)


Assuntos
Relações Profissional-Família , Trabalho/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia
10.
BMC Womens Health ; 20(1): 46, 2020 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Child marriage, a marriage that involves someone under the age of 18 years, is a long-standing social issue in Sarawak state, Malaysia. The state has taken several measures to improve situations of inequity for women who get married early; however, the practice is still a common part of the tradition and culture. The aim of this study was to explore the factors leading to child marriage in Sarawak state, Malaysia. METHODS: This was an exploratory qualitative study conducted via semi-structured interviews with twenty-two women who were married when they were younger than 18 years old in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. Participants were recruited through purposive and convenient sampling with the use of data from a reproductive health clinic and recruitment in villages. Thematic analysis was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Four overarching themes were identified: health risk behaviour, family poverty, early marriage as fate, and family disharmony. CONCLUSIONS: In-depth understanding of the unique factors leading to child marriage locally will facilitate the introduction of new approaches to interventions to eradicate child marriage in Sarawak state, Malaysia.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Casamento/etnologia , Pobreza , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Características Culturais , Feminino , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Malásia , Áreas de Pobreza , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Saúde Reprodutiva , Fatores de Risco , Meio Social , Problemas Sociais , Direitos da Mulher
11.
Dev Psychol ; 56(5): 937-950, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162937

RESUMO

This study examined the moderating role of effortful control in the association between interparental conflict and externalizing problems in a diverse sample of preschool children (N = 243; M age = 4.60 years). Using a multimethod, multi-informant, prospective design, findings indicated that the relation between interparental conflict and externalizing problems was only significant among children with poor effortful control. Children with high effortful control appeared to be protected against the negative effects of interparental conflict exhibiting low levels of externalizing problems despite increasing levels of interparental conflict. Toward identifying the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of effortful control, mediated moderation analyses indicated that children's effortful control protects children against interparental conflict by reducing their angry reactivity to interparental conflict. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Ira , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Med Pr ; 71(1): 33-46, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC) and mental health, considering variables that can regulate (mediate or moderate) these relationships: work engagement and job-related subjective well-being (job satisfaction, positive - PA and negative - NA affects at work). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 114 employees (31.6% of whom were men), aged 25-55 (M = 35.39, SD = 7.42), completed a set of questionnaires in the Polish version: Work-Family Conflict and Family-Work Conflict, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-17), Job Affect Scale, Job Satisfaction Scale, and General Health Questionnaire GHQ-28. RESULTS: Relations between all variables were consistent with expectations, besides an insignificant FWC-health correlation. The models of relationships (designed separately for WFC and FWC) tested in SEM analyses were very well-fitted to data. Each conflict positively predicted NA and, through NA, it also indirectly predicted health troubles. Each conflict also predicted negatively work engagement and, through it, it indirectly affected job satisfaction and PA, then indirectly NA and health troubles. However, the beneficial indirect effect of engagement on health was stronger than the indirect WFC/FWC effect - higher work engagement predicted higher job satisfaction and PA, which in turn predicted negatively NA and health troubles. Mental health was directly predicted by PA (it decreased problems, i.e., enhanced health) and NA (it increased problems, i.e., weakened health), and additionally by the WFC and work engagement interplay. CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results confirm that FWC/ WFC-health relationships are complex and mediated by work engagement and job-related SWB dimensions. They also show that higher work engagement increases job-related SWB and indirectly enhances mental health. Additionally, its high level is a buffer of direct adverse effects of WFC on health. Increasing work engagement in the context of high FWC, and especially WFC, can be helpful in preventing their negative effects on health. Med Pr. 2020;71(1):33-46.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Engajamento no Trabalho , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia
13.
J Fam Psychol ; 34(4): 425-435, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971400

RESUMO

Family violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment, has detrimental consequences across the life span. Robust evidence from families experiencing relatively normative conflict demonstrates the central role of children's internal representations, or beliefs and expectations of relationships, on children's adjustment. The current investigation examines children's implicit internal representations of interadult conflict among families experiencing IPV and child maltreatment. Maltreated (n = 132) and nonmaltreated (n = 82) preschoolers (Mage = 4.93 years, SD = 1.11) completed a narrative story-stem completion task in which they were asked to generate narrative endings to interadult conflicts. Narratives were coded for constructive conflict resolutions, dysregulated destructive behaviors, and the proliferation of interadult aggression toward the child. Mothers reported the frequency of IPV and constructive conflict between themselves and their partners within the past year. The potential additive and interactive effects of IPV, constructive conflict, and child maltreatment on children's internal representations of conflict behaviors were examined. The narratives of maltreated children depicted more constructively resolved conflict as interadult constructive conflict tactics increased. Maltreated and nonmaltreated children did not differ in their representations of conflict resolution at high levels of constructive conflict tactics. Maltreatment was positively associated with representations of dysregulated destructive behaviors and conflict spread to the parent-child relationship. IPV was positively associated with representations of conflict spread. Constructive conflict, in turn, was negatively associated with conflict spread. The findings highlight the importance of the multiple expressions of family conflict and violence on children's implicit internal representations of conflict. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Narrativas Pessoais como Assunto , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
14.
Biol Psychol ; 151: 107847, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962138

RESUMO

Psychosocial factors predict the development and course of cardiovascular disease, perhaps through sympathetic and parasympathetic mechanisms. At rest, heart rate (HR) is under parasympathetic control, often measured as high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV). During stress, HR is influenced jointly by parasympathetic and sympathetic processes, the latter often quantified as pre-ejection period (PEP). In studies of cardiovascular risk factors that involve social interaction (e.g. marital conflict), HF-HRV might be altered by speech artifacts, weakening its validity as a measure of parasympathetic activity. To evaluate this possibility, we tested associations of HF-HRV and PEP with HR at rest and across periods of marital conflict interaction that varied in experimentally-manipulated degrees of speech in 104 couples. At rest, only HF-HRV was independently related to HR, for both husbands and wives. During speaking, listening, and recovery periods, husbands' and wives' HF-HRV and PEP change independently predicted HR change. These findings support interpretation of HF-HRV as a parasympathetic index during stressful social interactions that may confer risk for cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Percepção Auditiva , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Cônjuges/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963563

RESUMO

The present study explores the relations between work hours and the difficulty in leaving work on time to both work-to-family conflict (WFC) and burnout among female workers in Taiwan. A cross-sectional research design and questionnaire were employed to obtain the research data. In total, 738 full-time female workers took part in the study. The results of regression analyses showed that when age, marital status, economic status, occupation, parental status, and housework responsibilities were controlled, more work hours were positively associated with WFC and burnout. When the difficulty in leaving work on time was also considered in the analysis, long working hours were still significantly associated with burnout; however, the significant relation with WFC disappeared. It is surmised that if female employees work overtime voluntarily, the perception of WFC diminishes; nevertheless, the adverse effect of long working hours on health remains unabated. This study concludes that female employees who work overtime on a voluntary basis are at risk of health problems, which should be a focus of concern.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Emprego/classificação , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(1,supl): 154-158, ene. 2020.
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-193175

RESUMO

The Perception of Nurses to Identify the Need for Nursing Care in Reconstituted Families with Adolescent Children.Abstract: Family health nursing aims to promote the empowerment of families in the development of competencies, fostering a healthy living of their processes of change, throughout the life cycle. With respect to these families, dysfunctions can occur due to family coexistence and overlapping of parental roles over the adolescent. In this context the MDAIF arises, aiming to guide the action of nurses, proposing diagnoses and interventions, from the needs identified. The aim was to analyze nurses' perception of the need for nursing care in reconstituted families with adolescent children. Descriptive and exploratory study, of a qualitative nature, whose participants were nurses who perform functions in primary health care. A questionnaire was used, applied in 2018, with an open question in which the participants were asked to describe strategies for identifying nursing care needs in rebuilt families with adolescent children. For data analysis, content analysis was used, and three categories emerged: "Family Assessment", focused essentially on observation, interviewing and data collection; the "Context of the evaluation", predominating the functional unit, within the scope of the nursing consultation; and "Referential", the MDAIF being the theoretical and operative support for clinical decision making. In the identification of nursing care needs, the family assessment stands out as a methodology valued by nurses. These results may contribute to the development of formative processes, within the framework of family assessment, leading to the improvement of the quality of care


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Características da Família , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Relações Profissional-Família , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(1,supl): 159-163, ene. 2020.
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-193176

RESUMO

The Perception of Nurses Regarding their Degree of Competence to Provide Nursing Care to Reconstituted Families, with Adolescent Children, in the Area of Attention "Conjugal Satisfaction". Abstract: The family has undergone numerous modifications and adaptations, with the formation of new family identities, which require nurses to identify possible problems. The aim of this study was to analyse nurses' perceptions regarding the degree of competence to provide nursing care to reconstituted families, with adolescent children, in the area of attention marital satisfaction. Descriptive and exploratory study, of a quantitative nature. 25 primary care nurses participated. An online questionnaire was used, Lickert type, where the participants were asked to indicate their perception about the level of competence to provide nursing care in these families, in the domain of conjugal satisfaction. Of the 25 nurses, 15 considered themselves competent to carry out the identification of needs, formulate diagnoses and plan nursing interventions, 8 are between incompetent and poorly qualified; in the implementation of interventions, 14 considered competent and 9 incompe-tent or have little competence; regarding to the evaluation of the interventions, 13 consider themselves competent and 10, incompetent or not competent. Thus, 35% of the sample considered not to have the necessary skills to provide care in the context of marital satisfaction, which indicates the need for greater investment in the development of formative processes in the context of marital satisfaction, leading to the improvement of the quality of care and the development of research to identify health gains arising from nurses' interventions


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Características da Família , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Relações Profissional-Família , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Competência Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Conjugal
18.
J Youth Adolesc ; 49(1): 267-282, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588972

RESUMO

Coparenting conflict, which refers to the conflict between parents regarding parenting, has played a central role in children's development and adjustment. The perspective of family and peer systems linkage has suggested that coparenting conflict is linked to peer-related development, but this view has yet to be clarified. This study aimed to investigate the relationships among coparenting conflict behavior, parent-adolescent attachment, and social competence with peers as well as the developmental differences of these relationships in early, middle, and late adolescence within Chinese families. Families (N = 808) that included fathers, mothers, and focal adolescents (53% female, Mage = 13.66 ± 2.53) participated in this study. Fathers and mothers reported their coparenting conflict behaviors separately, and the adolescents rated parent-adolescent attachment and social competence with peers. Results showed that fathers' overt coparenting conflict behavior was related to social competence with peers through the indirect effects of father- and mother-adolescent attachments, whereas mothers' covert coparenting conflict behavior was related to social competence with peers through the indirect effect of mother-adolescent attachment in the total sample. The multigroup analysis revealed that these relationships were significant in early and late adolescence. In addition, fathers' covert coparenting conflict behavior was related to mother-adolescent attachment in late adolescence and all the relationships were insignificant in middle adolescence. The findings support the systematic perspective of family-peer system linkage and highlight the gender differences of parents in the effects of coparenting conflict on social competence with peers and the developmental differences during adolescence.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Comportamento Cooperativo , Relações Pai-Filho , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho , Mães/psicologia , Grupo Associado
19.
Bioethics ; 34(3): 272-280, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598984

RESUMO

The wishes of registered organ donors are regularly set aside when family members object to donation. This genuine overruling of the wishes of the deceased raises difficult ethical questions. A successful argument for providing the family with a veto must (a) provide reason to disregard the wishes of the dead, and (b) establish why the family should be allowed to decide. One branch of justification seeks to reconcile the family veto with important ideas about respecting property rights, preserving autonomy, and preventing harm. These arguments are ultimately unsuccessful. Another branch of arguments is consequentialist, pointing out the negative consequences of removing the veto. Whether construed as concerning family distress or as a potential drop in the organs available, these arguments are unsuccessful; the first fails to recognize the tremendous distress associated with waiting for an organ, while the second has little supporting evidence. A final section considers and rejects whether combining some of the arguments just examined could justify the family veto. We should thus remove the family veto in organ donation.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões/ética , Análise Ética , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Procurador/psicologia , Consentimento do Representante Legal/ética , Doadores de Tecidos/psicologia , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/ética , Humanos
20.
J Fam Psychol ; 34(4): 448-458, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599601

RESUMO

Middle-aged adults often have relationships with multiple family members (e.g., children and parents). The constellation of parent-child relationships within families may have implications for individuals' psychological well-being. This study created typologies of parent-child ties by combining multiple dimensions of relationships and examined the extent to which middle-aged adults showed variability across typologies of parent-child ties within multigenerational families. Using 2,252 parent-child ties across three generations from 633 middle-aged adults, this study identified typologies of parent-child ties based on 5 indicators (i.e., contact, downward and upward support, and positive and negative relationship qualities), and examined the associations of specific typologies of parent-child ties as well as within-family variability in typologies with middle-aged adults' psychological well-being. This study found 7 types of parent-child ties as distinct combinations of contact, support exchanges, and relationship quality. Within-family variability in these types was associated with more depressive symptoms, and having types characterized by conflicted ties was associated with more depressive symptoms and lower life satisfaction. Middle-aged adults seem to be happiest when they are able to maintain homogeneous, harmonious patterns of relationships with their parents and grown children. Findings were discussed with regard to factors that also may predict greater variability in family relationship patterns. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Crianças Adultas/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relação entre Gerações , Relações Pais-Filho , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
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