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1.
J Affect Disord ; 321: 96-101, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36273680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Family conflict is a risk factor for suicidal behaviors among adolescents. However, few longitudinal studies have investigated this association and explored the mediation effect of behavioral and emotional problems. This study aimed to examine the longitudinal association between family conflict, internalizing and externalizing problems, and suicidal behaviors in a large sample of Chinese adolescents. METHOD: This longitudinal study of 7,072 adolescents was based on the Shandong Adolescent Behavior & Health Cohort (SABHC). Participants completed a self-administrated questionnaire to assess family conflict, internalizing and externalizing problems, suicidal behaviors, and family demographics at baseline. Excluding adolescents with any suicidal behavior at baseline (N = 839), others (N = 6,233) were allowed to report their internalizing and externalizing problems and suicidal behaviors one-year later. Path analyses were conducted to examine the mediation relationship of internalizing and externalizing problems between family conflict and suicidal behaviors. RESULTS: Of 6,233 participants, mean age was 14.52 at baseline and 51.2% were males. Adolescents with subsequent suicidal behaviors reported higher scores in family conflict, internalizing and externalizing problems (Ps < 0.01). Path analyses showed that internalizing and externalizing problems played a significant mediating role in the associations of family conflict with suicidal behaviors after adjusting for covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Family conflict is associated with suicidal behaviors in adolescents, which is partially mediated by internalizing and externalizing problems. Internalizing problems is the major mediator between family conflict and suicidal thought or suicide plan; however, internalizing and externalizing problems play similar mediating roles in the family conflict-suicide attempt link.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Estudos Longitudinais , Tentativa de Suicídio , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , China
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293732

RESUMO

Parent-child conflict can have a series of negative consequences concerning youth emotional and behavioral development. The link between family conflict and children's externalizing symptoms is well established, whereas the association with internalizing symptoms is less explored. Within the school context, children are engaged in other meaningful relationships (i.e., with teachers and peers) which contribute to their growth. This cross-sectional study aimed at understanding whether a cooperative behavior with the teachers is able to mediate the association between parent-child conflict and children's psychopathological symptoms. We recruited 319 (150 boys) school-aged children (M = 11.3 years; SD = 1.8 years) and their parents and teachers. Children self-reported on their internalizing symptoms, whereas parents completed a questionnaire concerning their relationship with the child, and teachers rated children's behavior and internalizing/externalizing symptoms. Analyses conducted through Hayes' PROCESS tool showed that cooperation with the teacher partially mediated the association between parent-child conflict and child-reported depressive symptoms. Notably, cooperative behavior fully mediated the link between parent-child conflict and children's internalizing and externalizing symptoms reported by teachers. Difficulties exhibited at school partly derive from a conflictual home environment. Our findings showed that such problems can be reduced thanks to a cooperative relationship with the teacher.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Educação , Conflito Familiar , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Transtornos de Adaptação , Relações Pais-Filho
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078672

RESUMO

The conflict between work and family demands increased during the COVID-19 pandemic due to changes in lifestyle related to the lockdown. This study examines the associations between work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC) with work-specific, family-specific, and well-being-related variables during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The results may be used in practice to improve the well-being of employees by adjusting home-based work and family areas of life to dynamic changes during the pandemic. The sample of 736 adults from Poland (53.26%) and Ukraine (46.74%), aged between 19 and 72 (M = 39.40; SD = 10.80), participated in the study. The cross-sectional study was performed using an online survey, including sociodemographic variables, measures of WFC, time pressure, remote work assessment (RWAS), physical health (GSRH), life satisfaction (SWLS), perceived stress (PSS-10), anxiety (GAD-7), and depression (PHQ-9). This study showed numerous inter-group differences in all variables across the country, gender, relationship status, parenthood, caring for children under 12, and remote working status. A high WFC is more likely among Polish workers (than Ukrainian workers), people with a low level of self-perceived time pressure, and high symptoms of stress. Caring for children under 12, low self-perceived time pressure, and high stress can predict FWC. Various paths lead from perceived stress via WFC and FWC, physical health, anxiety, and depression to life satisfaction, as suggested by the structural equation modeling analysis. Parents of children under 12 and women are the most vulnerable groups for increased WFC, FWC, and worse mental health and well-being. Prevention programs should focus on reducing stress, anxiety, and work demands in these adult populations. A unique contribution to the existing knowledge revealed patterns of associations between WFC and FWC in relation to well-being dimensions in a cross-cultural context during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conflito Familiar , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Polônia/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36012017

RESUMO

The main goal of this study was to examine the role of parental behaviors during both the process of divorce and the post-divorce period on emerging adult children's attachment-related anxiety and avoidance. Specifically, we analyzed how recalled coparental respect and cooperation, interparental conflict, positive parenting strategies, and both parents' emotional state and instability from adult children's perspective during the divorce process and the post-divorce period were associated with emerging adult children's current attachment representations. Our sample consisted of 173 emerging adults (Mage = 22.01). The results of this study demonstrate that paternal coparental respect and cooperation along with freedom provided by the mother to talk about the father during the divorce process and post-divorce period were both related to lower attachment-related avoidance. Our findings also confirm a significant link between some paternal positive attitudes during the divorce process (i.e., freedom provided by the father to talk about the mother) and low attachment-related anxiety. Overall, the results of this research confirm that beyond divorce perse, several variables surrounding the divorce process better explain variations in adult children's attachment representations, which contribute to better comprehending the effects of parental divorce.


Assuntos
Crianças Adultas , Divórcio , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Criança , Divórcio/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Poder Familiar/psicologia
5.
J Fam Psychol ; 36(7): 1154-1160, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35849385

RESUMO

This study examined relationships among parental monitoring, family conflict, and subgroups of adolescent alcohol use identified through longitudinal latent class analyses (LLCA). Differences in these subgroups across sex and race/ethnicity were also examined. The present study used data (N = 4,067; 51% male, 49% female) collected during a longitudinal study in which adolescents completed questionnaires each semester for seven semesters, beginning in spring of their freshman year of high school until spring of their senior year. LLCA demonstrated three classes of drinking over time (low, increasing, and moderate use). The majority of adolescents were increasing-use drinkers. Moderate drinkers were more likely to be male than female; nondrinkers were most likely to be African American; and increasing-use drinkers were more likely to be Mexican American. Adolescents who received less maternal monitoring and experienced more family conflict were more likely to be identified in the class of moderate alcohol use compared to nonuse. These results highlight the importance of encouraging parental monitoring and decreasing family conflict to reduce the likelihood of adolescent alcohol use throughout the high school years (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Consumo de Álcool por Menores , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Consumo de Álcool por Menores/psicologia
6.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 13(1): 2088935, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35789082

RESUMO

Background: Exposure to adversity, trauma, and negative family environments can prematurely shorten telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes. Conversely, some evidence indicates that positive environments and psychosocial interventions can buffer the shortening of telomere length (TL). However, most work has examined individual aspects of the family environment as predictive of TL with little work investigating multiple risk and protective factors. Further, most research has not examined parent TL relative to child TL despite its heritability. Objective: In the current study, we examined interparental conflict, positive parenting, alcohol use, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), and a family-based intervention as predictive of parent TL. We also examined interparental conflict, positive parenting, ACEs, and a family-based intervention as predictive of child TL. Method: Parents and adolescents from a sample of divorced families participated in either a 10-session family-based intervention, the New Beginnings Programme (NBP), or a 2-week active control condition. Approximately six years after the intervention, a subsample of parents (n = 45) and adolescents (n = 41) were assessed for TL. Parents reported on interparental conflict, ACEs, and alcohol use. Children reported on interparental conflict, positive parenting, and ACEs. In separate models, these constructs and the NBP intervention condition were examined as predictors of parent TL and child TL. Results: Findings indicated that the family-based intervention was associated with longer TL in parents. Also, positive parenting was associated with longer TL in children. Conclusions: These findings have important implications for the role of the family and family-based preventive interventions in buffering parent and child biological stress. HIGHLIGHTS: Across multiple indices of psychosocial functioning, we found a family-based intervention associated with longer telomere length in parents and positive parenting associated with longer telomere length in children.


Antecedentes: La exposición a la adversidad, el trauma y los entornos familiares negativos pueden acortar prematuramente los telómeros, las tapas protectoras en los extremos de los cromosomas. Por el contrario, algunas pruebas indican que los entornos positivos y las intervenciones psicosociales pueden amortiguar el acortamiento de la longitud de los telómeros (LT). Sin embargo, la mayor parte del trabajo ha examinado aspectos individuales del entorno familiar como predictivo de LT con pocos trabajos que investiguen múltiples factores de riesgo y protección. Además, la mayoría de las investigaciones no han examinado la LT de los padres en relación con la LT del niño a pesar de su heredabilidad.Objetivo: En el estudio actual, examinamos el conflicto interparental, la crianza positiva, el consumo de alcohol, las experiencias infantiles adversas (ACE, por sus siglas en inglés) y una intervención basada en la familia como predictores de LT de los padres. También examinamos el conflicto interparental, la crianza positiva, las ACE y una intervención basada en la familia como predictores de LT infantil.Método: Los padres y los adolescentes de una muestra de familias divorciadas participaron en una intervención familiar de 10 sesiones, el nombre de la intervención está oculto para su revisión, o en una condición de control activo de 2 semanas. Aproximadamente seis años después de la intervención, se evaluó la longitud de los telómeros en una submuestra de padres (n = 45) y adolescentes (n = 41). Los padres informaron sobre conflictos entre padres, ACE y consumo de alcohol. Los niños informaron sobre conflictos entre padres, crianza positiva y ACE. En modelos separados, estos constructos y la condición de intervención nombre oculto para su revisión se examinaron como predictores de LT de padres y LT de niños.Resultados: Los hallazgos indicaron que la intervención basada en la familia se asoció con una LT más prolongada en los padres. Además, la crianza positiva se asoció con una LT más prolongada en los niños.Conclusiones: Estos hallazgos tienen implicaciones importantes para el papel de la familia y las intervenciones preventivas basadas en la familia para amortiguar el estrés biológico de padres e hijos.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Pais , Adolescente , Criança , Divórcio , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Telômero/genética
7.
Dev Psychol ; 58(10): 1887-1911, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35653764

RESUMO

Theory and research have described developmental processes leading to damaged parent-child relationships, such as those that occur during a divorce. However, scholars dispute the scientific status of the literature on children who form unhealthy alliances with one parent against the other-termed parental alienation (PA). This comprehensive literature review tests competing descriptions of the PA literature. Accessing four electronic databases, we identified 213 documents with empirical data on PA published in 10 languages through December 2020. The results confirmed that the current state of PA scholarship meets three criteria of a maturing field of scientific inquiry: an expanding literature, a shift toward quantitative studies, and a growing body of research that tests theory-generated hypotheses. Nearly 40% of the PA literature has been published since 2016, establishing that PA research has moved beyond an early stage of scientific development and has produced a scientifically trustworthy knowledge base. This literature review documents the value of multiple research methodologies to this knowledge base. In addition, the growing body of research described in this review enhances our understanding of the association between interparental conflict and the breakdown of parent-child relationships in families where conflict differentially affects children's relationship with and behavior toward each parent. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento , Divórcio/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia
8.
J Fam Psychol ; 36(7): 1132-1141, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35587887

RESUMO

Phenotypic resemblance refers to the degree of physical and behavioral similarity between parent and child. Evolutionary approaches to the determinants of parenting have consistently found father-child phenotypic resemblance to serve as a risk factor for harsh discipline, but we still know little about the mechanisms underlying these associations. To address this gap in the literature, the present study employed a mediated moderation model to understand how interparental conflict and dysfunctional child-oriented attributions for children's misbehavior can help explain associations between father-child phenotypic resemblance and harsh discipline during the period of adolescence. Participants included 151 parents of adolescents (Mage = 12.3, range = 12-14) recruited from a northeastern region in the United States. Fathers reported on father-child phenotypic resemblance, interparental conflict, dysfunctional child-oriented attributions, and harsh discipline. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed a significant moderating role of interparental conflict in amplifying associations between phenotypic resemblance and harsh discipline in a for-better-and-for-worse manner over a 1-year period. In support of mediated moderation, we further found that the interaction between phenotypic resemblance and interparental conflict in predicting harsh discipline was partially accounted for by increases in dysfunctional child-oriented attributions over a 1-year period, which in turn, was associated with harsh discipline concurrently. Findings are discussed within evolutionary and developmental frameworks. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Relações Pais-Filho , Adolescente , Criança , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia
9.
Pap. psicol ; 43(2): 96-102, mayo, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-209888

RESUMO

Las Dinámicas de Resistencia y Rechazo Filio-Parental conforman un patrón relacional disfuncional complejo, que sehace visible mediante actitudes y conductas de rechazo de hijos e hijas a mantener una relación afectiva con algunode los progenitores, mostrando habitualmente una fuerte cercanía al otro. Tienen su máxima expresión durante lasseparaciones y divorcios, especialmente si son judicializados por vía contenciosa, por lo que mantienen importantesimplicaciones, tanto para la Psicología Clínica como para la Psicología Forense. El presente trabajo revisa la evoluciónhistórica de los modelos explicativos, proponiendo para el ámbito hispanohablante un término y una definición útilespara analizar, comprender, intervenir y evaluar este tipo de dinámicas familiares.(AU)


Resist-Refuse Dynamics or Parent-Child contact problems constitute a complex dysfunctional relational pattern, whichis made visible through the child’s attitudes and behaviors of refusing to maintain an affective relationship with one ofthe parents, usually showing a strong alliance with the other. These problems and dynamics are most seen during familyconflicts, especially if these conflicts are litigated, in which case they have important implications, both for clinicalpsychology and forensic psychology. The present work reviews the historical evolution of the explanatory models,providing for Spanish-speaking areas a useful term and definition for the analysis, understanding, intervention, andassessment of these kinds of family dynamics.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Relações Pai-Filho , Rejeição em Psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Poder Familiar , Trauma Psicológico , Psicologia Social , Psicologia Clínica , Psicologia , Psicologia Forense
10.
J Consult Clin Psychol ; 90(5): 381-391, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35604745

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the efficacy of the marriage checkup, as adapted to integrated primary care settings and active-duty military couples, for improving relationship health and depressive symptoms. METHOD: Married couples (N = 244, Mage = 32.4, 67.6% Caucasian) in which at least one member was active-duty Air Force were recruited from bases across the U.S. via online advertisement, emails sent from medical clinics to enrolled beneficiaries, social media posts, and flyers, and randomly assigned to active treatment or waitlist control. Treatment and control couples were linked in pairs sequentially and pairs completed nine sets of questionnaires at baseline, 1-, and 6-month posttreatment. Outcome measures included the Couples Satisfaction Index, Intimate Safety Questionnaire, Responsive Attention Scale, Partner Compassion Scale, Communication Skills Test, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. RESULTS: A three-level multilevel model indicated, after adjustment for multiple comparisons, treatment couples experienced statistically significant small-to-moderate improvements compared to the control group (Cohen's d from 0.21 to 0.55) at 1 month that were sustained at 6 months for relationship satisfaction, responsive attention, compassion toward their partners, communication skills, intimate safety, and depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: A longitudinal randomized control trial of the MC supports the hypothesis that the MC significantly improves relationship satisfaction, intimacy, communication, partner compassion, responsive attention, and depressive symptoms. Implications for theory, treatment, and dissemination are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Casamento , Militares , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Cônjuges , Depressão/terapia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estudos Longitudinais , Casamento/psicologia , Família Militar/psicologia , Saúde Militar , Militares/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia
11.
J Occup Health Psychol ; 27(3): 267-285, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511558

RESUMO

This study uses a life course stress and attachment framework to examine the relationship between childhood psychological maltreatment and adulthood work interference with family (WIF) and family interference with work (FIW). We analyze longitudinal survey data across 20 years collected in the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) study (N = 307). We suggest childhood psychological maltreatment is associated with reduced perceptions of control (decreases in mastery, increases in perceived constraints) and social support (reduced supervisor and spouse support), which are then positively associated with WIF and FIW levels and increases over 20 years. Consistent with attachment theory, psychological maltreatment is associated with increased levels of WIF and FIW in adulthood through increased levels of perceived constraints and reduced levels of supervisor and spouse support. Results do not show support for life course stress proliferation ideas that suggest psychological maltreatment should be indirectly associated with escalating WIF and FIW over time. Our study illuminates novel developmental mechanisms that link childhood experiences with chronic WIF and FIW in adulthood. Our findings extend the known implications of psychological maltreatment to managing two central adulthood roles: work and family. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Humanos , Autoimagem , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409451

RESUMO

Overtime has become a widespread phenomenon in the current information age that creates a high speed working pace and fierce competition in the high technology global economy. Based on the time-regulation mechanism and effort-recovery model, we examined the effect of worktime control (WTC) on mental health and work-family conflict (WFC) among overtime employees, and whether voluntary overtime mediated the relationships. We also examined two separate dimensions of WTC (control over time-off and control over daily hours). The results showed that control over time-off was related to decreased depression, anxiety, stress and WFC, while control over daily hours was related to decreased stress and WFC. Generally, control over time-off was beneficial to females and employees with dependents. Furthermore, mediation results showed that voluntary overtime was a complete mediator of relationships between WTC and depression and anxiety as well as a partial mediator of the relationship between WTC and stress. However, this study did not find a mediating effect of voluntary overtime on the WTC-WFC relationship. Limitations and practical implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Saúde do Trabalhador , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Negociação , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
J Psychiatr Res ; 151: 113-121, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477075

RESUMO

Work-family conflict (WFC), an inter-role conflict between work and family, negatively affects mental health. Using a nationally representative systematic sample, this study aimed to investigate the association between WFC, depressive symptoms, and potential moderators in the association of adult female workers. Data of 4714 female workers (aged ≥19 years) were obtained cross-sectionally from the 2018 nationwide Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families (KLoWF). WFC was assessed using a 7-item questionnaire, based on which scores were classified into high (>75th percentile score) and low (≤75th percentile score) levels of WFC. Significant depressive symptoms were defined as a score of ≥10 on the 10-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression Scale. Female workers with high WFC levels were more likely to have depressive symptoms than those with low WFC levels (odds ratio = 2.29, 95% confidence interval = 1.91-2.74). In stratified analyses, high WFC levels were associated with the highest odds of depressive symptoms in the following groups: young adults (19-39 years), those with a college degree or above or with high income, never-married individuals, those with a family size of three or a single child, nonstandard workers, and pink-collar workers. This study replicated and extended previous findings on the association between WFC and depressive symptoms. The association was moderated by age, education and income levels, marital status, family size, number of children, and job conditions.


Assuntos
Depressão , Conflito Familiar , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Front Public Health ; 10: 722679, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35284392

RESUMO

Background: The work connectivity behavior after-hours (WCBA) has become increasingly intense among Chinese employees in recent years, especially in the rapidly developed internet industry. This has made the after-hours work connectivity behavior, a popular topic in the organizational psychology field. Based on boundary theory, we explored the mechanism of after-hour work connectivity behavior on employees' psychological distress and identified the work-to-family conflict (WFC) as mediator. Besides, leader characteristics are essential environmental variables and always play as moderators, among which leader workaholism is prevalent in the internet industry. However, the impact of leader workaholism on employees' behavior is still inconsistent and even contradictory. Thus, this study further examines the moderating effect of leader workaholism between the after-hour work connectivity behavior and employees' psychological distress. Methods: We conducted a multitime, multisource questionnaire survey in Internet companies in China. Before collecting the data, all participants were assured that their responses would be confidential and used only for academic research. At time 1, the team leader rated his or her workaholism, and team members rated WCBA. At time 2 (3 weeks later), team members were asked to complete the questionnaire containing scales of WFC, psychological distress. The two rounds of data collection resulted in 211 matched team leader-team member responses. We performed a path analysis using Mplus 7.4. Results: Both the duration and frequency of WCBA can positively predict employees' psychological distress through WFC (the mediating effect = 0.628, 95% CI = [0.593, 0.663]). Specifically, WCBA can increase the level of WFC, which leads to the employees' psychological distress further. Leader workaholism can negatively moderate the relationship between WCBA and WFC, further moderating the mediating effect of WFC. Conclusions: Work-to-family conflict played as a mediator in the relationship between WCBA and employees' psychological distress. These results may be helpful to recognize the negative effect of WCBA and the role of leader workaholism in the relationship.


Assuntos
Angústia Psicológica , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35162425

RESUMO

Previous research has identified exposure to interparental conflict (IPC) in childhood as a risk factor for young adults' depression. However, there is still a lack of understanding of the underlying mediating mechanisms of this association. Driven by the spillover hypothesis, the present study investigated whether maternal antipathy and neglect, and in turn unmet psychological needs, mediated the relation between IPC and early adulthood depression in a sample of 347 undergraduate students (M = 23.27 years; SD = 0.86; 57.05% women) in China. The participants completed self-report measures of IPC, maternal care, satisfaction of basic psychological needs, and depression. Structural equation modeling revealed that: (a) IPC was positively associated with early adulthood depression; (b) this association was sequentially mediated by inadequate maternal care (i.e., antipathy and neglect) and by unsatisfied psychological needs. These findings suggest that efforts to prevent depression should focus on reducing not only IPC, but also inadequate maternal care and unmet psychological needs.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Satisfação Pessoal , Adulto , China , Depressão/epidemiologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
16.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263631, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35139124

RESUMO

This study examines the mediating role of work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict between the Big Five personality traits and mental health thereby enhancing theoretical development based upon empirical evidence. Integrating Conservation of Resources theory with the self-medication hypothesis, we conducted a mega-meta analytic path analysis examining the relationships among employees' Big Five traits, work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict, anxiety and depression, and substance use. We produced a ten-by-ten synthetic correlation matrix from existing meta-analytic bivariate relationships to test our sequential mediation model. Results from our path analysis model showed that agreeableness and conscientiousness predicted substance use via mediated paths through both work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict and sequentially through depression as well as through family-to-work conflict followed by anxiety. Extroversion and openness-to-experience had relatively weaker influences on substance use through work-to-family conflict, anxiety, and depression. Neuroticism was the strongest driver of the two forms of conflict, the two mental health conditions, and substance use. From this model it can be inferred that work-to-family conflict and family-to-work conflict may be generative mechanisms by which the impact of personality is transmitted to mental health outcomes and then to substance use when analyzed via a Conservation of Resources theory lens.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Saúde Mental , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Personalidade/fisiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Emprego/psicologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Extroversão Psicológica , Família/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estilo de Vida , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Neuroticismo/fisiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Otimismo/psicologia , Automedicação/psicologia , Automedicação/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev ; 25(3): 500-528, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35106699

RESUMO

Divorce has been conceptualized as a process. Research has extensively demonstrated that it is pre/postdivorce family environment factors that primarily account for the variability in children's adaptation over parental divorce process rather than the legal divorce per se. Amongst various factors, interparental conflict has been consistently identified as a prominent one. Surprisingly, a single source is still lacking that comprehensively synthesizes the extant findings. This review fills this gap by integrating the numerous findings across studies into a more coherent Divorce Process and Child Adaptation Trajectory Typology (DPCATT) Model to illustrate that pre/postdivorce interparental conflict plays crucial roles in shaping child adaptation trajectories across parental divorce process. This review also summarizes the mechanisms (e.g., child cognitive and emotional processes, coparenting, parent-child relations) via which pre/postdivorce interparental conflict determines these trajectories and the factors (e.g., child gender and age, child coping, grandparental support) that interact with pre/postdivorce interparental conflict to further complicate these trajectories. In addition, echoing the call of moving beyond the monolithic conceptualization of pre/postdivorce interparental conflict, we also review studies on the differential implications of different aspects (e.g., frequency versus intensity) and types (e.g., overt versus covert) of interparental conflict for child adjustment. Last, limitations of prior studies and avenues for future research are discussed. The proposed framework may serve as a common knowledge base for researchers to compare/interpret results, detect cutting edges of the fields, and design new studies. The specificity, complexity, nuance, and diversity inherent within our proposed model await to be more fully revealed.


Assuntos
Divórcio , Conflito Familiar , Adaptação Psicológica , Divórcio/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais
18.
J Fam Psychol ; 36(6): 874-884, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35129998

RESUMO

The present study investigated the interdependence in the moment-to-moment fluctuations in parenting behavior during a triadic family interaction. Furthermore, by considering parenting interdependence within the broader family context, we also evaluated the role of various family risks (i.e., family instability, coparenting conflict, child externalizing problems) on parenting behavior interdependence. Participants were 192 families with an adolescent (Mage = 12.4 years), and maternal and paternal parenting behavior were separately rated on a minute-to-minute basis during a triadic family conflict discussion. Between mothers and fathers, various patterns of interdependence in parental sensitivity and disengagement emerged such that on the minute-to-minute basis, (a) greater maternal sensitivity was linked to greater paternal disengagement, (b) greater maternal disengagement was linked to higher paternal sensitivity, and (c) greater maternal disengagement was associated with lower paternal disengagement. Furthermore, multiple family risk factors moderated the magnitude of parenting interdependence, with the pattern of the moderations being generally consistent such that greater family risks were associated with more dampened parenting interdependence. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Pai , Poder Familiar , Adolescente , Criança , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia
19.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0262690, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a substantial gap in our knowledge about family correlates of child emotional and behavioral problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). The present study contributes to filling this gap by examining such correlates in a larger population study in Nepal. METHODS: Our study is a cross-sectional, observational study among 3840 Nepali children aged 6-18 years from 64 schools and 16 districts in the three main geographical regions in the country. We used the Nepali version of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)/6-18 to assess children's internalizing and externalizing problems and an additional background information questionnaire to assess possible family correlates which included parental education, family structure, migrant worker parents, parental mental and physical illness, family conflicts, and child-rearing. The associations between family variables and child internalizing and externalizing problems were analyzed using bivariate correlations and multiple regression. RESULTS: Using bivariate analysis, we found that mental and physical illness in parents, conflict in the family, parental disagreement in child-rearing, and physical punishment of child correlated positively with both Internalizing Problems and Externalizing Problems. The same associations were found by using multiple regression analysis. In addition, parental education, family structure, and migrant worker mothers were associated with Externalizing Problems. However, the effect sizes were small. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that in Nepal, child mental problems were associated with several family risk factors. Further, the study points to the need of strengthening prevention- and intervention measures to minimize family risk factors of child mental health disorders.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Pobreza , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nepal/epidemiologia
20.
J Fam Psychol ; 36(5): 704-712, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025536

RESUMO

Recently, there has been considerable interest in studying parental burnout. Yet, little is known about the relationship and mechanisms underlying different kinds of burnout nor is much known about the dual-earner contexts within which these processes occur. This study aimed to examine the spillover effect of parental burnout on job burnout and the crossover effect between spouses simultaneously. In addition, the mediating effect of work-family conflict was also examined. By taking the family as a unit, data were collected on three different occasions within dual-earner couples. Participants were middle school students' parents (N = 103 dyads); both were employed; self-employed or working-at-home parents were excluded from the sample. The results of an actor-partner interdependence model revealed that the spillover effect of parental burnout on job burnout and the mediation effect of work-family conflict were significant. In addition, the partner effects were also significant, in which parental burnout significantly affected their spouses' job burnout, directly or indirectly. The results suggest that parental burnout and job burnout are closely related, and individuals should take a comprehensive perspective when dealing with stress or burnout stemming from family or work areas. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Pais , Cônjuges , Esgotamento Psicológico , Emprego/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Humanos , Pais/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia
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