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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 3-8, maio-ago. 2021. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1252889

RESUMO

Dentes necrosados com rizogêneze incompleta representam um desafio para os endodontistas e odontopediatras, visto que as paredes radiculares desses dentes são mais finas, o que as tornam mais susceptíveis a fraturas. Durante muitos anos a técnica preconizada foi a apicificação que ainda é bastante utilizada. Nesta técnica são realizadas trocas constantes de medicação intracanal. O dente continua fragilizado e existe o risco do paciente não concluir o tratamento já que tal técnica demanda várias sessões clínicas. Com os avanços da ciência, surge a revascularização pulpar, trazendo vários beneficíos, entre os quais estão a continuidade apical e o ganho de espessura das paredes, além do benefício de conclusão do tratamento em uma ou duas sessões. Entretanto é necessária sua proservação que leva em média dois anos. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o nível de conhecimento dos odontopediatras e endodontistas do município de Ilhéus-Bahia, frente a casos de necrose pulpar de dentes com formação radicular incompleta. O método e forma de análise de dados foram de um estudo observacional, transversal, realizado em consultórios do município de Ilhéus-BA que foram selecionados por amostragem aleatória. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um questionário contendo 10 questões de múltipla escolha sobre revascularização pulpar, especialização do profissional e tempo de formação. 20 profissionais aceitaram participar da pesquisa. Desses, 10% não sabiam ou nunca tinham ouvido falar sobre a revascularização pulpar. Conclui-se que ainda existem especialistas no Município de Ilhéus-BA que apresentam conhecimento insuficiente sobre a terapia endodôntica regenerativa, sendo que os mesmos deveriam ter conhecimento desta técnica já que são os profissionais que prestam o atendimento ao paciente jovem com dentes necrosados, reforçando a necessidade de elaboração de estratégia de conscientização e educação de saúde para habilitação e atualização dos mesmos(AU)


Necrotic teeth with incomplete rizogenesis representa challenge for endodontists and pediatric dentists, since the root walls of these teeth are thinner, which makes them more susceptible to fractures. For many years the recommended technique was apexification, which is still widely used. In this technique, constant changes of intracanal medication are performed. The tooth remains fragile and there is a risk that the patient will not complete the treatment as this technique requires several clinical sessions. With advances in science, pulp revascularization appears, bringing several benefits, among which are the apical continuity and the gain in thickness of the walls, in addition to the benefit of completing the treatment in one or two sessions. However, its preservation is necessary, which takes on average two years. The objective of this research was to evaluate the level of knowledge of pediatric dentists and endodontists in the municipality of Ilhéus-Bahia, in the face of cases of pulp necrosis of teeth with incomplete root formation. The method and form of data analysis were from an observational, cross-sectional study, carried out in offices in the municipality of Ilheus-BA that were selected by random sampling. Data were collected through a questionnaire containing 10 multiple-choice questions about pulp revascularization, professional specialization and training time. 20 professionals agreed to participate in the research. Of these, 10% did not know or had never heard of pulp revascularization. It is concluded that there are still specialists in the municipality of Ilhéus-BA who have insufficient knowledge about regenerative endodontic therapy, and they should have knowledge of this technique since they are the professionals who provide care to young patients with necrotic teeth, reinforcing the need to develop a health awareness and education strategy to enable and update them(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Necrose da Polpa Dentária , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Conhecimento , Odontólogos , Endodontistas , Endodontia Regenerativa
2.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 25(s1): 50-59, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077144

RESUMO

The KSA 2030 vision makes special reference to women's empowerment as an important strategy for Saudi community transformation. Studies related to women's empowerment, especially in the Saudi context, are still not enough and unclear. The current study explored the predictors of women empowerment knowledge and attitudes among Saudi academic and administrative staff. A cross-sectional study was conducted at 15 Saudi government-owned universities. A multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select 5587 participants during the period April to September 2020. The study instrument consisting of three main parts; basic demographic data, questionnaire assessed the knowledge regarding women's empowerment, and women empowerment attitude scale. The results showed good knowledge of empowerment among the women with 75.5% of the participants demonstrating good knowledge. The total women empowerment attitude was positive among 65.9% of the participants. The association between demographic data and women empowerment knowledge and attitude showed a significant association with marital status, residence, education, and occupation (p <0.05). Linear regression on marital status, education, residence, and occupation, are confirmed as significant predictors of women empowerment knowledge and attitude (p <0.05). Mother's education level is shown as a predictor for women empowerment attitude (p>0.005). Three-quarters of Saudi academic and administrative staff have a good women empowerment knowledge score, and more than two-thirds have a positive attitude. Demographic characteristics are important predictors for women empowerment knowledge and attitude. The results of this study will help decision-makers to design and implement goal-directed women empowerment programs.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia , Empoderamento , Docentes/psicologia , Poder Psicológico , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Conhecimento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autonomia Pessoal , Arábia Saudita , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
3.
Med Clin North Am ; 105(4): 681-697, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059245

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is a significant worldwide health concern and cutaneous manifestations are common. This review describes characteristic skin findings of diabetes, general skin findings related to diabetes, and findings related to diabetes treatment with a focus on clinical presentation, diagnosis, pathophysiology, epidemiology, and treatment. As the prevalence of diabetes continues to rise, cutaneous manifestations of diabetes mellitus likely will be encountered more frequently by physicians in all disciplines including dermatologists and primary care physicians. Accordingly, knowledge regarding the prevention, diagnosis, and management of cutaneous manifestations is an important aspect in the care of patients with diabetes.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/prevenção & controle , Dermatopatias/fisiopatologia , Acantose Nigricans/etiologia , Acantose Nigricans/patologia , Acantose Nigricans/terapia , Dermatologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pé Diabético/etiologia , Pé Diabético/patologia , Pé Diabético/terapia , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Conhecimento , Lipodistrofia/etiologia , Lipodistrofia/patologia , Lipodistrofia/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrobiose Lipoídica/etiologia , Necrobiose Lipoídica/patologia , Necrobiose Lipoídica/terapia , Médicos de Atenção Primária/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Escleredema do Adulto/etiologia , Escleredema do Adulto/patologia , Escleredema do Adulto/terapia , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia
4.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(5): 1603-1612, 2021 May.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076103

RESUMO

Sea people are culturally differentiated by their way of life intertwined with sea fishing and their social and symbolic production. In northeastern Brazil, these people have been changing their living conditions. The Family Health Strategy (ESF) should strengthen links with different cultures to meet its basic principles. We aimed to reflect on the challenges of the ESF in the context of sea people. We conducted ethnographic research in the community of Redonda, Icapuí, State of Ceará, using dense descriptions constructed through the narratives of small-scale fishers and their families. We analyzed from the theoretical approach of studies in traditional communities. The results are shown in five themes: 1) The family has an extended dimension in communities established with relatives; 2) Fishing life temporalities govern the common acts of the land-sea dyad; 3) The shifts between being "native" and "outsider" create border areas that dialogue with the rituals of belonging; 4) Sea territorialization and the knowledge of experience; 5) The ESF in the arenas of struggles for environmental justice. Here, the production of health is reaffirmed as the production of sea people's life.


Assuntos
Saúde da Família , Pesqueiros , Brasil , Ecossistema , Humanos , Conhecimento
5.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(6): e20200725, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133671

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Identify the knowledge of family members of children and adolescents with cancer about their legal rights, difficulties, and concessions to ensure them. METHOD: Quantitative study, survey type, of intersectional design. A questionnaire drawn up by the researchers was applied in order to characterize the minor and their family and also to identify the family's knowledge about legal rights. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data. RESULTS: 61 family members who participated know some more rights to the detriment of others and are especially motivated to search for information when negative impacts on the financial life increase, with repercussions beyond family health. CONCLUSION: the studied population requires more information and demands knowledge about some rights guaranteed by law. Guidance on rights empowers the family and guarantees the necessary care, searching to have an intersectoral action qualify care and assist in restructuring family dynamics to deal with chronic conditions.


Assuntos
Direitos Civis , Neoplasias , Adolescente , Criança , Família , Relações Familiares , Humanos , Conhecimento
6.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 217: 103325, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984574

RESUMO

This laboratory study explores whether sleep has different effects on explicit (recognition-based) and implicit (priming-based) memory. Eighty-nine healthy participants were randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions: sleep or wake. All participants were previously exposed to an incidental learning session involving a 12-element deterministic second-order conditional sequence embedded in a serial reaction time task. The participants' explicit and implicit knowledge was assessed both immediately after the learning session (pretest) and after 12 h (posttest). For the sleep group, participants had a night of normal sleep between pretest and posttest, whereas the wake group spent 12 h awake during the day. The measures involved an explicit recognition test and an implicit priming reaction-time test with old fragments from a previously learned sequence and new fragments of a different control sequence. The sleep group showed statistically significant improvement between the pretest and the posttest in the explicit memory measure, whereas the wake group did not. In the implicit task, both groups improved similarly after a 12-h retention interval. These results suggest that throughout sleep, implicitly acquired information is processed offline to yield an explicit representation of knowledge incidentally acquired the night before.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Memória , Humanos , Conhecimento , Tempo de Reação , Aprendizagem Seriada , Sono
7.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0246226, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979340

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is the largest viral pandemic of the 21st century. We aimed to study COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) among medical and health sciences students in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). We performed a cross-sectional study between 2 June and 19 August 2020. The survey was distributed online using Survey Monkey. It was conducted in English and comprised two parts: socio-demographic characteristics, and KAP towards COVID-19. 712 responses to the questionnaire were collected. 90% of respondents (n = 695) were undergraduate students, while 10% (n = 81) were postgraduates. The majority (87%, n = 647) stated that they obtained COVID-19 information from multiple reliable sources. They were highly knowledgeable about the COVID-19 pandemic, but 76% (n = 539) did not recognize its routes of transmission. Medical students were significantly more knowledgeable compared with allied health students (P<0.0001, Mann Whitney U test) but there was no difference in knowledge between undergraduate and postgraduate students (P = 0.14, Mann Whitney U test). Medical students thought that more could be done to mitigate the COVID-19 situation compared with the allied health students (66.2% compared with 51.6%, p = 0.002 Fisher's Exact test). 63% (n = 431) were worried about getting COVID-19 infection, while 92% (n = 633)) were worried that a family member could be infected with the virus. 97% (n = 655) took precautions when accepting home deliveries, 94% (n = 637) had been washing their hands more frequently, and 95% (n = 643) had been wearing face masks. In conclusion, medical and health sciences students in the UAE showed high levels of knowledge and good attitudes and practices towards the COVID-19 pandemic. Nevertheless, they were worried about themselves or their family members becoming infected. Medical students had more knowledge about COVID-19 pandemic which was reflected in their opinion that more can be done to mitigate its effects.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Educação Médica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Conhecimento , Masculino , Máscaras , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia , Universidades
8.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 168: 112446, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991982

RESUMO

Marine litter is claimed to be one of the most meaningful environmental crises of the century. Education that supports behavior change is a tool to tackle this problem. However, there is a lack of research linking educational initiatives and marine litter issues. A literature review was conducted through a bibliometric and content analysis to explore the state of knowledge regarding educational actions. The results revealed that 2019 was the year with the highest number of publications and that 83.4% of the documents were collaborative efforts. Concerning educational approaches, hands-on and technological activities are being explored to raise awareness and stimulate behavior change. Students and questionnaires represent, respectively, the most common audience and evaluating method. More integrative actions and respective long-term methodological triangulation evaluation were identified as necessary in future studies. This paper is expected to contribute to innovative knowledge in the area by identifying the main gaps in the literature.


Assuntos
Conhecimento , Estudantes , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos
9.
Dev Psychopathol ; 33(2): 431-440, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955338

RESUMO

Ed Zigler believed that developmental science should be applied to policy, programs, and practices to improve the lives of children and families. He shared this belief with others and paved the way for alternative career pathways. This paper describes how Ed influenced others to connect science with program development, evaluation, and policy, and created networks of applied scholars. Ed Zigler's influence is broad and spans beyond academia to influencer organizations. We weave our own professional experiences throughout the paper, which we organized around three lessons we learned from Ed: (a) explore alternative career pathways and build the field; (b) start with the science and think application; (c) apply the knowledge and influence policy.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Política Pública , Criança , Humanos , Conhecimento , Masculino , Desenvolvimento de Programas
10.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 53: 103067, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940366

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics of the Bachelor's thesis of fourth-year nursing students at a Spanish public university, the criteria that students used to choose a topic and students' degree of satisfaction after completing the Bachelor's thesis. DESIGN: Quantitative study. METHODS: We examined 420 Bachelor's theses carried out from 2013 to 2018 and conducted an online survey among fourth-year students in the 2017-18 and 2018-19 academic years (81 completed questionnaires). RESULTS: The Bachelor's thesis took the form of a research proposal. The most frequent proposal type was a qualitative hospital-based study whose objective was to understand the experiences of adult or adolescent patients, close family members, or nurses. Students chose topics for personal reasons. Most participants reported feeling satisfied with the knowledge and skills acquired. CONCLUSIONS: Students completing a Bachelor's thesis in the form of a research proposal have the potential to transfer their research skills to their nursing practice.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Conhecimento , Satisfação Pessoal , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Rech Soins Infirm ; N° 144(1): 10-21, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002585

RESUMO

The historical development of nursing knowledge reflects the political, social, and professional contexts that have shaped it, but also different visions of science and scientific knowledge. This article focuses on these two elements, science and scientific nursing knowledge, in order to examine nursing knowledge in the context in which it was proposed. Examining the influences that have shaped its development allows us to situate it among what were recognized as the modalities of knowledge development and the structures of knowledge formulation. By looking back we thus seek to appreciate the true value of nursing knowledge by providing keys to understanding its particular nature in relation to contemporary views of knowledge formulation, and to highlight the merits of those who helped lay the foundations for disciplinary knowledge. This historical overview of the development of nursing knowledge raises awareness of the status and growth of nursing knowledge and of the theorists who made it possible. It also seeks to restore and inspire a respect for its pioneers that is often lacking in nursing.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Humanos , Conhecimento , Modelos de Enfermagem , Filosofia em Enfermagem
12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10795, 2021 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031469

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine COVID-19-related awareness, knowledge, impact and preparedness among elderly Asians; and to evaluate their acceptance towards digital health services amidst the pandemic. 523 participants (177 Malays, 171 Indians, 175 Chinese) were recruited and underwent standardised phone interview during Singapore's lockdown period (07 April till 01 June 2020). Multivariable logistic regression models were performed to evaluate the associations between demographic, socio-economic, lifestyle, and systemic factors, with COVID-19 awareness, knowledge, preparedness, well-being and digital health service acceptance. The average perception score on the seriousness of COVID-19 was 7.6 ± 2.4 (out of 10). 75.5% of participants were aware that COVID-19 carriers can be asymptomatic. Nearly all (≥ 90%) were aware of major prevention methods for COVID-19 (i.e. wearing of mask, social distancing). 66.2% felt prepared for the pandemic, and 86.8% felt confident with government's handling and measures. 78.4% felt their daily routine was impacted. 98.1% reported no prior experience in using digital health services, but 52.2% felt these services would be helpful to reduce non-essential contact. 77.8% were uncomfortable with artificial intelligence software interpreting their medical results. In multivariable analyses, Chinese participants felt less prepared, and more likely felt impacted by COVID-19. Older and lower income participants were less likely to use digital health services. In conclusion, we observed a high level of awareness and knowledge on COVID-19. However, acceptance towards digital health service was low. These findings are valuable for examining the effectiveness of COVID-19 communication in Singapore, and the remaining gaps in digital health adoption among elderly.


Assuntos
Conscientização , COVID-19/patologia , Conhecimento , Percepção , Telemedicina , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Singapura/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telefone , População Urbana
13.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0252034, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015013

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has emerged as one of the most dramatic health crises of recent decades. This paper treats mainstream news about the current pandemic as a valuable entry point for analyzing the relationship between science and politics in the public sphere, where the outbreak must be both understood and confronted through appropriate public-health policy decisions. In doing so, the paper aims to examine which actors, institutions, and experts dominate the SARS-CoV-2 media narratives, with particular attention to the roles of political, medical, and scientific actors and institutions within the pandemic crisis. The study relies on a large dataset consisting of all SARS-CoV-2 articles published by eight major Italian national newspapers between January 1, 2020 and June 15, 2020. These articles underwent a quantitative analysis based on a topic modeling technique. The topic modeling outputs were further analyzed by innovatively combining ad-hoc metrics and a classifier based on the stacking ensemble method (combining regularized logistic regression and linear stochastic gradient descent) for quantifying scientific salience. This enabled the identification of relevant topics and the analysis of the roles that different actors and institutions engaged in making sense of the pandemic. The results show how the health emergency has been addressed primarily in terms of political regulation and concerns and only marginally as a scientific matter. Hence, science has been overwhelmed by politics, which, in media narratives, exerts a moral as well as regulatory authority. Media narratives exclude neither scientific issues nor scientific experts; rather, they configure them as a subsidiary body of knowledge and expertise to be mobilized as an ancillary, impersonal institution useful for legitimizing the expansion of political jurisdiction over the governance of the emergency.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Pandemias , Política , Saúde Pública , Humanos , Itália , Conhecimento , Mídias Sociais
14.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1187: 3-20, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983571

RESUMO

Translational research is possible when scientists have broad knowledge of not only basic research, but also clinical science, which is acquired via experience in patient care. These requirements cannot always be met by one individual, and, hence, collaboration between suitably qualified individuals is the key for the progress of translational research. However, it is vital that translational research is conducted by an investigator who has knowledge about all fields. I could be a good conductor in that sense, because as an oncology surgeon, I have considerable experience in working with patients; in addition, I have a background in biochemistry and have started my basic research laboratory. Thus, I can use these qualifications to my advantage to build a tissue bank as the first step, and initiate small-scale experiments such as estimating the DNA or protein levels in specific tissues or blood samples. Once I successfully launch good research products and publish in peer-reviewed journals, I intend to build a large research group focusing on large-scale studies on single nucleotide polymorphisms and proteomics. These translational approaches can overcome several unsolved clinical problems. Many of my research products, for example, patents and new techniques such as Mastocheck@, are designed for improving the clinical outcomes in patients.


Assuntos
Cirurgiões , Oncologia Cirúrgica , DNA , Humanos , Conhecimento , Pesquisa Médica Translacional
15.
Rech Soins Infirm ; N° 144(1): 105-115, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002586

RESUMO

Introduction : Historically, it is accepted that women caregivers have always had care-giving roles. Care is expressed in various ways in professional acts.Background : A context where nursing activity is more centered on technical and cure-related acts raises questions about the role of care-related professional knowledge in nursing.Objective : To present the results of a study looking at the identification of care-related professional acts in the activity of nurses in care-providing situations and their links to nursing knowledge.Method : The study was conducted in the context of clinical activity using simple self-confrontation and lookalike instruction methods. Data were collected from independent nurses through recordings and note-taking and then analyzed to categorize them using the frames of reference of lexical analysis, enunciative topics and the typology of nursing knowledge.Results : Four types of care-related professional acts were identified : acts of atmosphere, acts of solicitude, acts of evaluation, and acts of regulation. The results made it possible to design a tool for analyzing these care-related professional acts.Discussion : Care-related professional acts exist and can be identified. Analysis of the results confirms that experience transforms knowledge of various kinds into practical knowledge.Conclusion : The confrontation between professional practice and the various types of knowledge acquired enables the construction of professional knowledge.


Assuntos
Gestos , Conhecimento , Feminino , Humanos , Prática Profissional
16.
Rech Soins Infirm ; N° 144(1): 22-33, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002588

RESUMO

The way of approaching knowledge construction in our discipline often involves reflection on paradigms such as reaction, reciprocal interaction, or simultaneous action. There is a belief in our discipline that complexity science or complex systems can only be approached by drawing on postmodern epistemology and simultaneous action. It therefore seemed interesting to reflect on complexity in nursing by taking as a starting point the reflection on complex thinking, on complex systems in the social sciences and in philosophy. Indeed, these invite us not to take a position at the ontological level, and to approach complexity from a radical constructivism perspective rather than one of phenomenological constructivism, which takes a position at the ontological level. This reflection is split into two distinct parts. In the first part, we trace the most important points of the work on complexity in the social sciences. In the second part, we question the ontological and epistemological foundations underlying the understanding of complexity in the nursing discipline.


Assuntos
Conhecimento , Filosofia , Humanos
17.
Rech Soins Infirm ; N° 144(1): 34-43, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002589

RESUMO

This analysis of Fawcett’s ideas will situate the role played by her model in the discipline in relation to its organization of knowledge and its role in the move to institutionalize the nursing discipline. By providing an in-depth epistemological analysis, locating the relationships between this concept and Popper’s work, and showing how Fawcett draws on a specific vision of science, the article presents a fresh look at the model while situating it within its assumptions. It also addresses some of its limitations and draws conclusions about its role in the move to institutionalize the nursing discipline.


Assuntos
Conhecimento , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Humanos , Teoria de Enfermagem
18.
Rech Soins Infirm ; N° 144(1): 44-53, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002590

RESUMO

Every academic discipline nurturing its own science draws on the development and dissemination of a knowledge. In pursuit of this project, the nursing discipline has proposed various conceptualizations of knowledge. The one developed by Chinn and Kramer, following Carper’s work, is without doubt the most prominent and most often borrowed concept in discussing the epistemological foundations of the discipline. This thoughtful article proposes an in-depth critical analysis of this theoretical development by focusing on “personal” and “esthetic” knowledge. As part of the analysis, the author scrutinizes the inherent logics that support these patterns of knowing. Finally, the author highlights some overinterpretations and discrepancies with regard to nursing practice.


Assuntos
Conhecimento , Modelos de Enfermagem , Humanos , Pensamento
19.
Rech Soins Infirm ; N° 144(1): 54-63, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002592

RESUMO

This article presents Reed’s perspective on the development of nursing knowledge. Her concept is embedded in the perspective of intermodernism. For Reed, intermodernism is a philosophy for nursing science and practice and thus represents a way of looking at the content, structure, and process of scientific theory. Reed presents her concept in the form of a spiral path composed of the philosophical, practical, and theoretical dimensions of nursing knowledge. After an overview of Reed’s perspective, we offer an illustration of her proposal with Lawler’s theoretical development of somology. Lawler’s development pathway can be used to incorporate the components of Reed’s spiral path in a meaningful way. The discussion shows how Reed’s concept can improve the description and understanding of a nursing knowledge development process. Finally, the article provides a rare summary of Reed’s work in French.


Assuntos
Filosofia em Enfermagem , Filosofia , Feminino , Humanos , Conhecimento , Teoria de Enfermagem
20.
Rech Soins Infirm ; N° 144(1): 64-75, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002593

RESUMO

The contemporary challenge in the field of health is undeniably that of devising a way to integrate humans and the environment that is beneficial to health. This article presents the universal cosmic imperative (UCI) philosophical perspective and the notion of the cosmic imperative that leads human beings to be creative in their relationship to nature. It begins by consolidating the exegesis of the internal evolution of Roy’s theory and identifying its influences. The epistemological and philosophical postulates upon which Roy’s theory was built are specified, and then the evolution of Roy’s thought is described in three main phases. The article then moves on to describe and explain the epistemological openings that Roy’s theory allows from the point of view of current health issues, especially environmental medicine, in a macro-meso-micro perspective of global health. Roy’s thinking is part of the question of the current turning point in the discipline of nursing (cure-care-healing) and the definition of its focus. Roy’s theory resists current theoretical developments, which it allows us to describe and question in a pattern that is fruitful for researchers.


Assuntos
Teoria de Enfermagem , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Humanos , Conhecimento
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