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1.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 1 ed., 4 reimp; 20191100. 35 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1026346

RESUMO

La presente publicación describe las pautas y disposiciones técnico normativas para que el personal de salud fomente la implementación de los grupos de apoyo comunal que promuevan y protejan la lactancia materna exitosa. Asimismo, las acciones necesarias para apoyar la lactancia materna en establecimientos de salud que brinden atención materno infantil


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Materno-Infantil , Pessoal de Saúde , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Participação da Comunidade , Prioridades em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde
2.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 2 ed; 20191100. 50 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1026367

RESUMO

La presente publicación describe las pautas y disposiciones técnico normativas para que el personal de salud fomente la implementación de los grupos de apoyo comunal que promuevan y protejan la lactancia materna. La estructura del rotafolio está compuesta de secciones: a. Lactancia materna y embarazo; b. Lactancia materna en el parto y puerperio; c. Lactancia materna en la atención infantil. Cada sección, su uso será de acuerdo a las necesidades de la familia


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Materno-Infantil , Pessoal de Saúde , Participação da Comunidade , Promoção da Saúde
3.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 876-881, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665843

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the knowledge regarding clinical research among children at 8-18 years of age. The survey results will form the basis for developing public education program for this population. Methods: The survey was conducted among children at 8-18 years of age using WeChat and spot investigation between January 2016 and January 2017. According to different developmental stages, the survey population was divided into four groups: age 8-10, 11-13, 14-15 and 16-18 years. The level of knowledge regarding clinical research was analyzed. Results: Totally 1 329 questionnaires were issued and 1 233 effective questionnaires were returned with a recovery rate of 92.8%. The overall awareness rate regarding clinical research was 32.8% (405/1 233) . It revealed that 282 (22.9%) individuals thought that clinical research was to treat people like experimental rats. When asked "who have the final decision on research participation", the percentages of those who chose oneself, parents or guardian and doctor were 44.6% (550/1 233), 74.2% (915/1 233) and 36.8% (454/1 233) respectively. When asked "If you want to participate a study, but your parents or guardian do not agree, what would you do?", 33.9% (418/1 233) of individuals will "give up". As to "If you do not want to participate a study, but your parents or guardian think you should, what would you do?", 51.3% (632/1 233) chose "listen to parents" and 28.8% (355/1 233) chose "refuse the suggestions of parents or guardian". As to "what are your greatest concerns of participating an investigation?" , 68.1% (840/1 233) chose "worry about added pain or discomfort". but 58.0% (715/1 233) thought if "doctors and nurses take good care of me" their "concerns will reduce" or "feel better to participate in the research?". 55.6% (686/1 233) and 49.3% (608/1 233) individuals responded that they will "participate in an research?" when they "know that other people also participate the research" and when they "know the details regarding what will happen after the enrollment". Conclusions: The knowledge level of clinical research among children aged 8-18 years were not high. It is very necessary to promote the public education of clinical research for this population and also very necessary to address their concern regarding the research.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
J Law Med ; 26(4): 815-824, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682359

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the attitudes of health professionals toward the use of medicinal cannabis as part of the management of patients with cancer. A prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted using an anonymous survey, emailed out to health professionals at a public metropolitan hospital in Australia. One hundred and thirty-five responses were received. 62% of survey respondents reported that patients inquire about medicinal cannabis. More than half of the health professionals stated being insufficiently informed about access to medicinal cannabis (74%), about its evidence base (59%), and about potential drug interactions (65%). Thirty-four percent would recommend medicinal cannabis to their patients with cancer, 20% would not, and 46% were unsure. Comments indicated concerns about lack of clinician knowledge, drug efficacy, side effects and drug interactions. The results show that health professionals feel insufficiently informed about access to, and use of, medicinal cannabis as part of cancer management. More information and education are required for health professionals to consider medicinal cannabis as part of care provided to their patients with cancer.


Assuntos
Maconha Medicinal , Neoplasias , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Orv Hetil ; 160(46): 1816-1820, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707819

RESUMO

Basic life support (BLS) teaching by peer-educators to school-age students was studied by evaluating their effectiveness. BLS resuscitation was taught by the internationally accepted four-stage skill teaching approach. The effectiveness of the training was followed by sociological measuring instruments (n = 91). Compared to the students' previous knowledge and attitudes about resuscitation, an increased willingness to adapt to an unexpected situation can be observed besides acquiring a reproducible method of CPR. The findings did not show significant age differences. Sensitivity and technical training in lay resuscitation is a successful educational process. The applied peer-education model is suitable for transferring resuscitation knowledge and skills. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(46): 1816-1820.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Grupo Associado , Instituições Acadêmicas
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17737, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689820

RESUMO

The World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund's Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative is aimed at the global promotion, protection and support of breastfeeding. In this study, we compared breastfeeding-related information received, knowledge and behaviours among postpartum women in Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative accredited and non-accredited hospitals. We selected 10 hospitals: 9 non-accredited hospitals in the Campania region in southern Italy and one accredited hospital in the Piedmont region in northern Italy. In total, 786 women (580 (73.8%) in Campania and 206 (26.2%) in Piedmont) in the hospitals' maternity wards completed a questionnaire comprising 5 sections within 24 to 72hours after giving birth. The questionnaire investigated breastfeeding activities in the days immediately following childbirth, as well as the information provided by health personnel, knowledge about breastfeeding before and during hospitalisation, and participation in antenatal classes. To evaluate the comparison between the 2 regions, we performed at first a bivariate analysis and then a multinomial and a multivariate logistic regression. Compared with Piedmont, in Campania hospitals there was a rate of breastfeeding of 44.3% vs 89.3%, a skin-to-skin contact between mother and child of 74.5% vs 90.7% and first milk feed within 2hours of 15.0% vs 87.2%. The Campania group had fewer problems with child latching. The Campania group reported receiving less information about breastfeeding in general compared with the Piedmont group. In general, both groups showed good basic knowledge about different aspects of breastfeeding. In both regions, about 90% reported that the information received during the antenatal classes simplified the breastfeeding experience. Our study confirms the importance of systematic promotion of breastfeeding and subsequent delivery of adequate support to maternity departments, in accordance with international guidelines.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidade Hospitalar de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Itália , Modelos Logísticos , Mães/psicologia , Análise Multivariada , Unidade Hospitalar de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia/normas , Gravidez , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Nações Unidas , Organização Mundial da Saúde
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 294, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692797

RESUMO

The number of children who survive to adolescence is increasing in Nigeria, significantly due to the success of child survival programs, with immunization as a major theme. However, the national immunization schedule in Nigeria is presently restricted to early childhood with no attention paid to immunization in adolescence. Presently, the vaccines that are readily available for adolescents include tetanus toxoid which is normally administered to pregnant women, so necessarily includes adolescent mothers; and a few research programs which offers hepatitis B vaccines. Also, there are few Nigerian adolescents who access immunization as a requirement for travelling outside the country or as a result of parental effort. Knowledge and awareness about adolescent immunization is generally poor. Nigerian adolescents have been shown to be poorly protected from tetanus, rubella and hepatitis B which are vaccine preventable. Neonatal, childhood and adult tetanus, congenital rubella syndrome, cervical cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma are just few of the diseases whose incidence can be reduced with an effective adolescent immunization program. This will also ensure that the gains of childhood immunization is concretized and socio-economic losses as a result of vaccine preventable diseases are eliminated to create a healthy and vibrant workforce. There is an urgent need to build a viable adolescent immunization program in Nigeria as adolescents represent a window of opportunity to prevent diseases which affect both the younger and older age group. This can be extended to other developing countries as well.


Assuntos
Programas de Imunização/organização & administração , Esquemas de Imunização , Imunização/métodos , Vacinas/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Nigéria
9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 309, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692777

RESUMO

Introduction: Adherence to insulin therapy is a critical factor for adequate control of diabetes mellitus. Despite the multiple well-known benefits of adherence to insulin therapy, poor adherence remains to be a common cause of diabetes mellitus-related complications. A better management of diabetes mellitus requires determining the level of patient adherence and identifying why non-adherence to insulin therapy occurs. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the level of adherence to insulin therapy and associated factors among diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: The study was conducted from May 1 to July 1, 2018, using a cross-sectional study design. Interviewer-administered questionnaire was employed for data collection and systematic random sampling technique was used to select study participants. The collected data were entered using Epi data version 3.1.1 and exported to SPSS version 22 for analysis. Logistic analysis was carried out to check the level of association between adherence to insulin therapy and the independent variables with significance level of 0.05 at 95% confidence interval. Results: 273 respondents were selected with a 100% response rate. Near to one-fourth (24.2%) of the respondents were adherent to their insulin therapy. The study revealed that good knowledge of diabetes mellitus [AOR=6.51; 95% CI [1.58, 26.71], age [>30 years] [AOR=2.63; 95% CI [1.27, 5.42], knowledge regarding insulin self-injection [AOR=4.21; 95%CI [1.06,16.65], favorable attitude towards insulin injection [AOR=2.14; 95% CI [1.04,4.41], free-of-cost insulin therapy [AOR= 4.62, 95% CI [1.06,16.65], having of glucometer at home [AOR= 2.82, 95% CI [1.12,7.09], and being a member of Ethiopian diabetic association [AOR= 5.41, 95% CI [2.31,12.64] were found to significantly affect adherence to insulin therapy. Conclusion: Nearly one-fourth of the study participants were adherent to their insulin therapy. Good knowledge and favorable attitude towards insulin injection, good knowledge regarding diabetes mellitus, being a member of the Ethiopian Diabetes Association, age greater than thirty years old, free-of-cost insulin therapy and having glucometer at home were found to be significant predictors of adherence to insulin therapy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoadministração , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 302, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692863

RESUMO

Introduction: People with disabilities have been identified as a key risk population for HIV. The aim of this study was to investigate HIV status, knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and its correlates in persons with and without disabilities in South Africa. Methods: Cross-sectional data of 26404 participants 15 years and older from the "2012 South African national HIV prevalence, incidence and behaviour survey" were analysed. Results: 1348(5.3%) had a disability. Persons with a disability were older (median age 52 years, IQR=24; versus 36 years, IQR=29), more often men, had a lower education and lower income and more likely living in a rural area than persons without disability. The prevalence of HIV infection was 16.7% in persons with disability, 23.0% in persons with visual/hearing or speech disability, 31.6% in persons with hearing disability and 16.2% in persons without disability. Antiretroviral (ARV) exposure in the HIV positive population was 41.3% among persons with disability and 30% in persons without disability. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, persons with disability had a lower odds to know an HIV testing site (Odds Ratio=OR: 0.46, Confidence Interval=CI: 0.22, 0.98) and a higher odds to have had two or more sexual partners in the past 12 months (OR 2.74, CI: 1.44, 5.21), had casual or transactional sex (OR: 6.25, CI: 2.57, 15.21) and psychological distress (OR: 2.10, CI: 1.50, 2.95) than persons without disability. In multivariable logistic regression analysis in both groups (with and without disability), psychological distress (OR: 2.90, CI: 1.53, 5.47, and OR: 1.90, CI: 1.20, 3.01, respectively) and high HIV stigma (OR: 0.31, CI: 0.25, 0.67, and OR: 0.57, CI: 0.34, 0.96, respectively) were associated with increased prevalence of HIV infection. Conclusion: The study found a high prevalence of HIV infection in persons with disabilities, in particular in those with hearing impairment. In some areas, persons with disability showed lower knowledge and higher risk behaviours than persons without disabilities. There is a need to strengthen HIV information and communication strategies geared towards targeting people with all types of disabilities.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Assunção de Riscos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Parceiros Sexuais , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 307, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692864

RESUMO

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AR) is on a rise as one of the major global public health threats. It is therefore important to assess contributory factors to the rise in the cases of resistance reported. The main objective of this study was to assess the self-medication practices with antibiotics among the University of Rwanda students in Huye Campus. Methods: A sample of 570 students from all levels and colleges of the University of Rwanda in Huye Campus were selected using a simple random sampling to participate in this study. A questionnaire was administered to be answered individually by the consented respondents where the self-medication practices with antibiotics in the past 6 months were assessed. The results were statistically analyzed using SPSS v.16. Results: The study showed that 12.1% (n=69) practiced self-medication with antibiotics. The major reason for self-medication with antibiotics was illness not serious to have a consultation (50.72%). The main diseases being treated were common cold/fever/cough (47.83%). The most used antibiotic for self-medication was Amoxicillin capsules (59.42%), while the main source of antibiotics was the community pharmacy (72.42%). Conclusion: Self-medication with antibiotics is not uncommon among the university students. Regarding the main reasons of self-medication with antibiotics, diseases being treated, and the antibiotics used, it was found that all these may be related to the students' lack of knowledge about the need for rational use of antibiotics and a study was needed to confirm it.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Automedicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ruanda , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
12.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 299, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692876

RESUMO

Introduction: Persons with disabilities have the same sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs as the abled people but they often face barriers to SRH information and services which are necessary for healthy and safe relationships, protection from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study sought to access the SRH services among adolescents with disabilities in four Special Needs Schools in Ghana. Methods: The study adopted a cross-sectional study design with a quantitative approach to data collection between the months of January to March, 2018. A structured and pretested questionnaire was used to collect data from adolescents with disabilities from selected schools in Ghana. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression. Results: Majority of participants had hearing disability (52.1%). The average age at menarche among females was 13 years whiles the age at which puberty was attained among boys was 14 years. School teachers were the major source of information on SRH for the respondents (63.7%) followed by parents (12.2%). A majority (67.1%) of respondents had good knowledge of SRH. Factors which were significantly associated with knowledge level were age (p=0.026), religion (p=0.034), sources of information (p<0.001), guardians (p=0.049). Conclusion: The majority of participants had good knowledge of SRH, although their knowledge of contraceptive and access were poor. Only condoms were mostly known. There is the need for increased awareness on the availability of other contraceptives methods and the removal of barriers to contraceptive methods.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Reprodutiva , Saúde Sexual , Adolescente , Anticoncepção/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 310, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723373

RESUMO

Introduction: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major health problem worldwide owing to its high prevalence and significant morbidity and mortality. There are about 2 billion people living with HBV worldwide and over 360 million chronic carriers. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and practices of pregnant women and health care workers in the ANC and maternity units on HBV infection and its transmission. Methods: About 270 women attending ANC and 31 health care workers were selected by convenience sampling. They were evaluated using a structured questionnaire to assess their knowledge and practices on HBV prevention and transmission. Results: Pregnant women in the Limbe Health District demonstrated good knowledge but adopted poor practices whereas in the Muyuka Health District, pregnant women demonstrated poor knowledge and adopted poor practices regarding the mode of transmission and prevention of HBV infection. Health care workers in both the Limbe and Muyuka Health Districts however, demonstrated good knowledge and adopted good practices. Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between the knowledge and practice of pregnant women and health care workers on Hepatitis B prevention in the Muyuka Health District (P = 0.0006).


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Camarões , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 40(4): 347-350, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688049

RESUMO

The autopsy maintains its significance both forensically and medically despite enormous developments in antemortem and postmortem diagnostic methods. The present study probes the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of religious officials in our city toward autopsy and make an evaluation of how religion and culture affect those factors.The study consists of 219 Imams (male) and 69 Quran instructors (female) who serve in urban and rural regions of Kahramanmaras and approved informed consent forms.Two hundred thirty (79%) of the participants stated that the autopsy was an appropriate process according to Islam; 1 (0.3%) stated that it was inappropriate, whereas 57 (19.8%) were observed to have no idea regarding its appropriateness.The mean knowledge score that participants had about autopsy was determined to be 7.45 ± 1.73 (min = 1, max = 10).On the other hand, 240 participants (83.3%) stated that it was important for the religious officials to inform the society about the autopsy.The negative attitude toward autopsy stems from the lack of knowledge and traditions. The religious officials could help the doctors to change the negative attitude stemming from tradition toward the autopsy.


Assuntos
Autopsia , Cultura , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Islamismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 37(4): 383-391, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710014

RESUMO

Background: Oral health during pregnancy plays a crucial role in the overall health and well-being of pregnant women. Evidence shows that most young children acquire cariogenic organisms from their mothers. Poor maternal knowledge about oral diseases combined with inappropriate feeding can lead to severe caries among young children. The aim of study was to assess the oral health status of pregnant women and to evaluate the gain in their knowledge after educational session in an antenatal setting. Materials and Methods: It is a pre- and post-intervention study carried out on the pregnant women (n = 198) attending an antenatal clinic in a tertiary care hospital. A specially designed semi-structured 14-point questionnaire was used to assess the pre- and post-knowledge and attitude to the oral health. Each participant was educated for self and infant oral care with the help of a specially prepared colored printed booklet. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to explore the associations between the age, education and socioeconomic class and knowledge; Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare pre- and post-knowledge score. Results: Median preoral health knowledge-attitude score was found to be 4 (0-8) and was found to be associated with the level of education (P = 0.014) and socioeconomic class (0.019). There was a significant improvement in the median postknowledge score to 7 (2-10) (P < 0.001) following oral health educational session in all categories. Conclusions: An integrated preventive oral health checkup and educational program to pregnant women can benefit the dental health of the women and children. Prenatal care workers can be involved to disseminate the oral health awareness to pregnant women during antenatal visits.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal
16.
Georgian Med News ; (294): 77-82, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687954

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a global problem and is considered an emerging threat to public health worldwide. Aim - to assess knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding antimicrobial resistance and antibiotics among medical students in Georgia. KAP questionnaire containing 50 questions was developed in English and Georgian. Sampling frame consisted of students of the 4th year of the Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU). Random cluster sampling was used and total number of participants was 212 (31.13% - International Faculty of Medicine, 45.75% - Faculty of Medicine, 23.11% - Faculty of Public Health). Mean age 22.95 (sd=0.52) with almost equal gender distribution. Cross-sectional study was performed. The survey was anonymous and self-administered. Principles of Declaration of Helsinki were followed. Data analysis was done in Stata 14.0. 79.25% think that antibiotics can cure bacterial infections, 57.08% think that antibiotics can not cure viral infections (statistically significant difference by faculties p<0.0001). 34.43% think that bacteria cause common cold and influenza (by gender p=0.01 and by faculties p=0.03). 83.02% have heard of antibiotic resistance (by faculties p<0.0001). 83.96% agree that antibiotics resistance has become a problem. 75.00% agree that the abuse of antibiotics has become the main cause leading to bacterial resistance. 60.38% consider that antibiotic resistance affects them and their family's health. 93.40% agree that it is necessary to get more education about antibiotics. 31.61% of the students in Georgia always and often stop taking antibiotics if they start feeling better. 43.40% never keep the remaining antibiotics. Obtained results are in line with the international findings. There was seen a statistically significant difference between public health and medical faculties (both English and Georgian) in responses on knowledge. In the attitude and practical behaviour sections all three groups provided similar results, only some questions were provided significantly different responses by faculties.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes de Medicina , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , República da Geórgia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1110-1114, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683396

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the level of the core knowledge and related factors of cancer prevention and treatment among residents in the upper gastrointestinal cancer screening areas of Sichuan Province in 2018. Methods: From April to May 2018, a total of 1 386 residents from Chaotian District of Guangyuan, Enyang District of Bazhong, Nanjiang County of Bazhong, Cangxi County of Guangyuan, Shehong County of Suining, Yilong County of Nanchong, Xichong County of Nanchong and Xuanhan County of Dazhou were recruited in this study. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect basic demographic characteristics and the knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment. The level of the core knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment of different population was analyzed. A multivariate linear regression model was performed to analyze the related factors. Results: In total, 80.9% (1 120) of all subjects was 25-64 years old and 48.0% (665) were male. The total number of questions answered by the subjects was 18 018, of which 12 147 were known, and the overall awareness rate among the respondents was 67.42%. The female respondents, respondentsaged 65 years old and over, with junior college education or above, and worked in government institutions had a good performance of the core knowledge (P<0.05), about 70.11% (6 571/9 373), 69.23% (387/559), 76.05% (6 327/8 320), and 77.09% (5 602/7 267) respectively. The results of multivariate linear regression showed that the older the age [ß=0.871 (95%CI: 0.623-1.119)], the higher the educational level [ß=0.741 (95%CI: 0.540-0.943)], the more questions respondents could know; compared with the workers in government organization and institution, workers in enterprise [ß=-2.913 (95%CI:-3.499--2.327)], farming workers [ß=-0.635 (95%CI:-1.175--0.095)] and other occupation people [ß=-1.126 (95%CI:-1.663--0.589)] could know fewer questions. Conclusion: In 2018, the level of the core knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment among residents in upper gastrointestinal cancer screening areas of Sichuan Province was relatively high. Age, education level and occupation were relevant factors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1170-1173, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683408

RESUMO

From August 1(st) to 7(th), 2017, the breastfeeding knowledge of medical staff were collected from 52 medical health institutions in 29 provinces through a network system. A total of 35 243 questionnaires were included in the study to analyze the current status of breastfeeding knowledge and related factors. The qualified rate of breastfeeding knowledge questionnaires for medical staff in this study was 75.3% (26 546/35 243). Compared with those in the eastern region and those who were mothers, the qualified rate of breastfeeding knowledge of medical staff in the central region or the western region and medical staff who were fathers or expectant parents was lower, with OR (95%CI) values about 0.71 (0.67-0.75), 0.66 (0.61-0.72), 0.63 (0.55-0.72) and 0.87 (0.80-0.95), respectively. Compared with those attaining high school education or below and those with children aged<1 month, the qualified rate of breastfeeding knowledge was higher in medical staff with bachelor's degree, graduate degree or above, and with children aged 1-5, 6-23 and ≥24 months, with OR (95%CI) values about 1.92 (1.80-2.05), 2.16 (1.94-2.42), 2.28 (1.93-2.70), 2.41 (2.06-2.83) and 1.99 (1.72-2.32), respectively.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Corpo Clínico/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Codas ; 31(5): e20180319, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691747

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To gather information about vocal health and hygiene, voice symptoms, and voice handicap from drama students with and without vocal complaints. METHODS: A total of 57 drama students participated of this study. They were divided into two groups: no vocal complaints group (NCG), with 39 students; and with vocal complaints group (WCG), with 18 students. The participants answered to three self-assessment protocols: 1. Vocal Health and Hygiene Questionnaire (VHHQ), 2. Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS); and 3. Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10). RESULTS: No difference was observed between groups related to the knowledge of vocal health and hygiene. The drama students from the WCG presented higher scores, more voice symptoms in all subscales of the VoiSS, and more voice handicap, e.g,higher VHI-10 scores than the NCG. The more knowledge on vocal health and hygiene (VHHQ total score) was followed by less voice symptoms, which represents lower scores in the VoiSS total score and, in emotional domain, and it was only perceived voice handicap (VHI-10 total score) in the NCG. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in knowledge of vocal health and hygiene among drama students with and without vocal complaints. However, drama students with vocal complaints presented more voice symptoms and reported greater perception of voice handicap, which was negatively correlated with knowledge of vocal health and hygiene.


Assuntos
Drama , Distúrbios da Voz/diagnóstico , Qualidade da Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Autoavaliação , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Distúrbios da Voz/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Orv Hetil ; 160(48): 1904-1914, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760778

RESUMO

Introduction: The attitude to immunization and the issue of vaccine hesitancy in health care workers (HCWs) have been studied in a former survey performed by ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control). Aim: Our aim was to study the immunization attitude of primary care paediatricians, general practitioners and primary care nurses in Hungary. Method: We studied vaccine hesitancy in HCWs by way of a questionnaire, developed on the basis of a recent similar survey by ECDC in four countries. The online survey has been performed between May and July 2017. Altogether 765 questionnaires have been returned: 189 primary care paediatricians, 375 general practitioners working in adult or mixed practices, and 201 primary care nurses. The sample has been weighted to the country-specific features - e.g., location of the practice, residence and age of the HCWs - within each of the three groups, so from this aspect it can be considered representative. Results: Our results did not differ substantially from the international ECDC data. Approximately 2/3 of the primary care doctors and about 50% of the primary care nurses were convinced of the benefit and value of vaccines. Data on vaccine hesitancy were consolingly low, though the data on recommended vaccines were somewhat higher compared to the age related/NIP (National Immunization Plan) vaccines. The well-known vaccine scares - e.g., autism-MMR, etc., known also from the literature - could hardly been detected, and it can be explained by the voluntary participation in the study. The least supported vaccine is BCG, while the highest hesitancy rates are related to MMR in Hungary. Conclusion: The need to improve immunization-related communication among primary HCWs could clearly been detected - both in gradual and in post-gradual training programs. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(48): 1904-1914.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Vacinação/psicologia , Vacinas , Adulto , Humanos , Hungria , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Segurança , Confiança
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