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1.
Comunidad (Barc., Internet) ; 22(2): 0-0, jul.-oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193595

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: describir conocimientos y percepciones de profesionales de Atención Primaria sobre el acceso al Sistema Nacional de Salud (SNS) y la atención sanitaria de la población inmigrante, así como analizar diferencias entre categorías profesionales. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal mediante una encuesta a 352 profesionales sanitarios y no sanitarios en centros de salud de la Comunidad de Madrid, y residentes de Medicina y Enfermería de la Unidad Docente Multiprofesional de Atención Familiar y Comunitaria Sur de Madrid (UDMAFyC Sur) entre febrero y marzo de 2019. RESULTADOS: respondieron 179 profesionales (50,9%). El 50,3% opinó que los inmigrantes tienen frecuentes dificultades de acceso y el 65,9% que el estatus migratorio condiciona su salud, señalando el idioma como barrera relevante el 80,4%. El 72,7% de los sanitarios afirmó que no consumen más recursos. Expresaron nulo/escaso conocimiento del Real Decreto-Ley (RDL) 16/2012 el 72%, y del RDL 7/2018, un 66,7%. Un 30,7% consideró que el RDL 16/2012 tuvo efectos negativos en salud, y el 28,5%, que el RDL 7/2018 recuperó la universalidad. Un 54,9% de sanitarios apoyó la universalidad del SNS, contrastando con el 19,1% de personal no sanitario. CONCLUSIONES: la mitad de profesionales percibe frecuentes dificultades de la población inmigrante en su acceso al SNS, aunque el conocimiento de las normativas es limitado. Una ajustada mayoría respalda la universalidad, existiendo posicionamientos restrictivos con relativa frecuencia, especialmente entre el personal no sanitario. Se reproducen ciertos mitos sobre la atención a población inmigrante, no así acerca del consumo de recursos sanitarios


OBJECTIVES: To report the knowledge and perceptions of Primary Care professionals regarding access to the Spanish National Healthcare System and healthcare assistance provided to the immigrant population, as well as to analyse differences by professional categories. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted by sending a questionnaire to 352 professionals: healthcare workers (HCWs) and non-healthcare workers (non-HCWs) from primary health care centres in the southern region of the Community of Madrid and resident doctors and nurses assigned to this primary healthcare area, from February to March 2019. RESULTS: Overall, 179 professionals (50.9%) replied. Of these, 50.3% thought that migrants face frequent difficulties in access, whereas 65.9% considered that migrants' health is conditioned by their migratory status. Moreover, 80.4% identified language as a relevant barrier and 72.7% of HCWs believed that migrants do not consume more resources. Regarding the Spanish Royal Decree-laws (RDL), 72% admitted having no or little knowledge of Spanish RDL 16/2012, and 66.7% of Spanish RDL 7/2018. However, 30.7% considered that Spanish RDL 16/2012 had negative effects on health, 28.5% agreed that Spanish RDL 7/2018 recovered universal healthcare coverage (UHC). Overall, 54.9% of HCWs support UHC in comparison to 19.1% of non-HCW. CONCLUSIONS: Half the professionals perceive that immigrants encounter frequent difficulties when accessing the Spanish Healthcare System, although their knowledge of legislation is limited. A slight majority supports UHC and finds a large number of restrictive stances, especially among non-HCWs. Certain misconceptions regarding care provided to immigrants persist, but not those related to health resources consumption


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Equidade no Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Sistemas Nacionais de Saúde , Percepção Social , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023103

RESUMO

Health rumors often mislead people and cause adverse health behaviors. Especially during a public health emergency, health rumors may result in severe consequences for people's health and risk governance. Insight into how these rumors form and harm people's health behavior is critical for assisting people in establishing scientific health cognition and to enhance public health emergency responses. Using the case study with interview data of a salient purchase craze led by a health rumor during the COVID-19 outbreak in China, this article aimed to illustrate the process of how a piece of information becomes a health rumor. Furthermore, we identify factors that cause people to believe rumors and conduct behavior that leads to a purchase craze. Results show that a public misunderstanding of the unique psychology of uncertainty, cultural and social cognition, and conformity behavior jointly informs people's beliefs in rumors and further causes purchase craze behavior. We developed a simplified model to demonstrate how an ordinary news report can lead to a rumor. Based on this model, some implications of effective health communication are suggested for managing rumors.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Decepção , Surtos de Doenças , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias , Saúde Pública
3.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e038390, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004397

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In order to avoid unnecessary hospital admission and associated complications, there is an urgent need to improve the early detection of infection in nursing home residents. Monitoring signs and symptoms with checklists or aids called decision support tools may help nursing home staff to detect infection in residents, particularly during the current COVID-19 pandemic.We plan to conduct a survey exploring views and experiences of how infections are detected and managed in practice by nurses, care workers and managers in nursing homes in England and Sweden. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: An international cross-sectional descriptive survey, using a pretested questionnaire, will be used to explore nurses, care workers and managers views and experiences of how infections are detected and managed in practice in nursing homes. Data will be analysed descriptively and univariate associations between personal and organisational factors explored. This will help identify important factors related to awareness, knowledge, attitudes, belief and skills likely to affect future implementation of a decision support tool for the early detection of infection in nursing home residents. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved using the self-certification process at the University of Surrey and Linköping University ethics committee (Approval 2018/514-32) in 2018. Study findings will be disseminated through community/stakeholder/service user engagement events in each country, publication in academic peer-reviewed journals and conference presentations. A LAY summary will be provided to participants who indicate they would like to receive this information.This is the first stage of a plan of work to revise and evaluate the Early Detection of Infection Scale (EDIS) tool and its effect on managing infections and reducing unplanned hospital admissions in nursing home residents. Implementation of the EDIS tool may have important implications for the healthcare economy; this will be explored in cost-benefit analyses as the work progresses.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus , Sobremedicalização/prevenção & controle , Casas de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente , Pneumonia Viral , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Estudos Transversais , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Hospitalização , Humanos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/economia , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Gerenciamento da Prática Profissional/economia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Suécia/epidemiologia
4.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(9): 1264-1269, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the spontaneous knowledge of medical students about organ donation. METHODS: 518 students of a medical school in Sao Paulo city, from the first-year to internship, answered an objective questionnaire applied through electronic media to assess their spontaneous theoretical knowledge and organ donation awareness. RESULTS: Organs that can be donated after brain death, such as the cornea, kidneys, heart, liver, and lung were mentioned by the students. Regarding in-life transplantation, they answered it was possible to donate mainly the kidney (91.3%), part of the liver (81.1%), and bone marrow (79.7%). Although it was not expressive, we also noted that their knowledge gradually increased as they reached the end of the course. CONCLUSIONS: Medical students knowledge on organ donation in life and after death was a little superior to 60%. The students had limited exposure to this subject during the course (<40% of them before the internship). The authors suggest that students should be more exposed to the theme of "organ donation" in the medical curriculum.


Assuntos
Transplante de Órgãos , Estudantes de Medicina , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Morte Encefálica , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos
5.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 304-307, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043349

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of health education with children popular oral science short drama on 10-year-old children's oral health knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP), and provide evidence for oral health education methods for children. METHODS: A oral health education short drama for children was filmed. 10-year-old children from a primary school in Minhang district, Shanghai were selected as the study subjects. The groups were asked to watch the drama on campus at enrollment and the first month for health education. Self-made questionnaires were used to conduct corresponding oral health KAP surveys at the time of enrollment, the first month and the sixth month. The survey results were compared using SPSS 21.0 software package for t test and Chi-square test, to compare the changes in oral health KAP scores and the accuracy of each question before and after oral health education. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-four children were followed-up. Before the intervention, the subjects' oral health knowledge, attitude, and behavior scores were (21.02±12.54), (74.48±19.87), (31.90±22.39), and (57.05±17.56), (85.06±14.97), (55.03±29.32) at the first month; and (71.76±16.27), (91.49±12.40), (73.99±27.46) at the 6th month, respectively. Compared with those before the intervention, significant increases were observed (P<0.001). Before the intervention, there was no significant difference in KAP scores between different genders, but there were significant differences in knowledge and behavior scores at 1 and 6 months after intervention between different genders(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: School oral health education through children oral science short drama has a good effect on improving the knowledge, attitude and behavior of oral health care for 10-year-old children, and it is more effective when repeat.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Criança , China , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Masculino
6.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 342, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008374

RESUMO

Worldwide it is being discussed whether medical students might be of help during the present COVID-19 epidemic. Although this question is probably a legitimate one, one should however discuss this thoroughly before deciding whether medical students are to be included in this kind of medical care on a larger scale.Various arguments should be weighted, and potential tasks should be chosen carefully. This period could however be also an opportunity for medical students to learn things they would probably never learn about. Nevertheless, medical students have a deficit concerning knowledge about epidemics, and they are also not really well skilled in many hygiene measures. Furthermore, some of the known medical students' behaviour could be a risk factor for further spread of the virus as well. Then, young adults are at risk of getting infected themselves. Last but not least, medical students in general are under a great deal of pressure from their studies which could lead to the development of anxiety and other mental disorders. One could only speculate on the effects of this epidemic on their further mental well-being. Therefore, medical students participating in direct care of patients with COVID-19 should first be trained well, and then properly supervised at all times. Only then it might be a really useful and exceptional experience, for healthcare, medical schools as well as for society.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Educação Médica/organização & administração , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027396

RESUMO

The study aimed to analyze the impact of health interventions carried out in the city of Palmas, Brazil, on the epidemiological and operational indicators of leprosy between 2007 and 2017. The intervention consisted of training healthcare personnel on the diagnosis and follow-up of patients and organizing the referral of patients to health units. Estimates of the impact were calculated by taking the differences between indicators reported in two equal periods of 1.5 years pre- and post-intervention, with a transition period of six months. During the study period, the database contained 1,875 notifications, with 66% of cases diagnosed in the post-intervention period. There was a predominance of males (52%); aged 50 years or more (34.9%); with mixed ethnicity (63.5%). The low level of education was noticeable, with more than half of the cases (51.7%) reporting illiteracy or ≤ 7 years of education. The intervention resulted in an increase in both, epidemiological and operational indicators, suggesting a positive impact of the intervention on leprosy detection and treatment. Our results also emphasize the need for further studies addressing the impact of pragmatic health interventions aiming at controlling and eliminating the disease.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Encaminhamento e Consulta
8.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3340, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the knowledge of basic education students before and after educational intervention on Basic Life Support in a situation of adult cardiorespiratory arrest. METHOD: quasi-experimental study conducted with 335 students from three elementary schools. Data was collected using an instrument that captured sociodemographic data and knowledge about Basic Life Support. Subsequently, they were analyzed by descriptive and analytical statistics. RESULTS: students' knowledge in the post-test (p <0.05) was significantly higher than in the pre-test. The average of the pre-test scores was 4.12 ± 1.7 and, in the post-test it was 6.53 ± 1.9 (p = 0.00). CONCLUSION: the results demonstrated effectiveness of the intervention with the expansion of knowledge about Basic Life Support in cardiorespiratory arrest. The results reinforce the importance of Nursing in health education actions in elementary schools.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca , Adulto , Criança , Educação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Estudantes
9.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1527, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous reporting (SR) of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) from patients can be considered as a valuable activity providing both objective and subjective data. However, improving the rate of under-reporting has been a major challenge to ensure successful operation of the SR system. This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude, and intent to report ADRs and explore the factors contributing to consumers' reporting intent in South Korea. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaire was collected from a sex-, age-, and regionally stratified nationwide convenience sample of consumers using a commercial panel in December 2018. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to explore the factors contributing to the intent to report ADRs by consumers. RESULTS: A total of 1000 respondents were enrolled in the survey; 50.9% were males and the mean age was 44.4 (standard deviation, 13.3) years. While less than 15% of the respondents were aware of the SR system and even fewer (3.4%) had actual experience of SR, however, 59.2% expressed their intent to report ADRs. The positive attitude (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.972, p < 0.001), awareness of the SR system (aOR 2.102, p < 0.01), self-efficacy for SR (aOR 1.956, p < 0.001), and experiences related to ADR counselling with healthcare professionals (OR 2.318, p < 0.001) are the significant factors contributing to reporting intent. CONCLUSIONS: Findings of this study highlight the need for increasing the awareness of the SR system among consumers and empowering them to report ADRs by themselves, which would ultimately improve the drug-safety environment.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Intenção , Pacientes/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Rev Prat ; 70(6): 610-613, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058599

RESUMO

When to think early about a stroke and what to do ? Rapid recognition of stroke symptoms leads to early treatment and improved clinical outcomes, with direct impact on stroke survival and functional outcome. The typical clinical presentation of a stroke consists of a sudden onset of a focal neurological deficit of maximum intensity at onset. Typical warning symptoms, that have been promoted in public awareness campaigns, are the sudden unilateral numbness or weakness of face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body, speech difficulty and visual trouble. It may also happen that a stroke has an unusual clinical presentation, 'false negatives' are called 'stroke chameleons', because the clinical presentation suggests another disorder. The call of the emergency number (number 15 in France) is the first thing to do in case of stroke symptom recognition. Stroke code allows to stroke management anticipation and significantly reduces the delays for early treatment.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , França , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia
12.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 38(3): 216-221, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004718

RESUMO

Aim: According to the WHO, 16%-40% of children aged 6-12 years experience dental traumas. Long-term treatment success depends on immediate emergency care and early professional management after the injury occurred. The primary school teachers can play a crucial role in managing traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) because they are often in proximity to children and often need to assist when dental trauma occurs. The aim of the present study was to assess primary school teachers' knowledge and attitude regarding TDI and describe their behavior in emergency situations. Materials and Methods: A four-part anonymous questionnaire comprised questions on demographic data, attitude, knowledge toward TDI, and behavior in case of accident and self-assessment questions were distributed among 147 teachers from 16 schools. The data were obtained from 106 participants (72.1%). The Kruskal-Wallis and independent t-tests served for statistical analysis. Results: More than half of teachers (56.6%) have witnessed TDI. Almost all respondents (94.3%) indicated that in case of dental trauma is important to take emergency management as soon as possible. However, two-thirds of them (75.5%) thought that teachers cannot provide appropriate emergency management in case of TDI. In addition, teachers had little knowledge regarding TDI and the proper emergency management: 91.3% of participants do not know the right storage media for the avulsed tooth, 40.6% have thought that tooth replantation is impossible, and 17.1% would throw an avulsed tooth away, when it fells on the ground. Conclusion: The study revealed inappropriate knowledge and attitude regarding TDI among primary school teachers and their behavior in first-aid management.


Assuntos
Avulsão Dentária/terapia , Traumatismos Dentários/terapia , Criança , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Professores Escolares , Instituições Acadêmicas
13.
J Dent Hyg ; 94(5): 6-13, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008944

RESUMO

Purpose: Depression is a rising global health concern manifesting bidirectional relationships between chronic disease conditions such as type 2 diabetes and oral health. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of oral health care professionals towards individuals with depression.Methods: A 24-item, validated Knowledge Attitudes and Practices (KAP) survey was used for this descriptive, cross-sectional study. Non-probability, convenience and snowball sampling was used to recruit oral health care professionals (dentists, dental hygienists and dental assistants) to participate in an electronic survey. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data.Results: A total of 288 oral health care professionals (n=288) met the inclusion criteria. Age of the provider was positively correlated with reviewing or assisting in reviewing patient's depression history during routine dental visits (r=.16, p=.007), and referring or assisting in referring a patient to a mental health specialist (r=.30, p<.001). Number of years of practice was positively associated with referring or assisting in the referral of a patient to a mental health specialist (r=.29, p=.001). Oral health care professionals who indicated having had mental health during their education were more likely to indicate reviewing a history of depression with the patient (rho=.17, p=.004).Conclusion: Age, lack of practice experience and education may influence oral health care professionals' attitudes and practices when providing care for patients with depression. Mental health and its relationship to oral and systemic health may be an appropriate addition to dental program curricula. Oral health care providers should consider modifying routine practices to include the special needs of patients with depression.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Saúde Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/terapia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007992

RESUMO

The health and economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic is expected to disproportionately impact residents of lower-middle income countries. Understanding the psychological impact of the pandemic is important to guide outreach interventions. In this study, we examined people's awareness of COVID-19 symptoms, risk perception, and changes in behaviors and stress levels during the lockdown in peri-urban Tamil Nadu India. Field workers conducted phone call surveys (included n = 2044) in 26 communities from 20-25 May 2020. The majority perceived no (60%) or low (23%) level of risk of personally contracting coronavirus. Common fears were related to health and economic concerns, including loss of income (62%), inability to travel freely (46%), and becoming sick (46%). Residents were well aware of the common symptoms of COVID-19, such as fever (66%) and dry cough (57%), but not the asymptomatic transmission (24%). The majority experienced increased stress about finance (79%) and the lockdown (51%). Our findings emphasize the need to develop context-adequate education and communication programs to raise vigilance about asymptomatic transmission and to sustain preventative behaviors. The evidence on fear and changes in stress levels could inform designing coping strategies and programs focused on mental well-being.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Medo , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066059

RESUMO

Background. Public markets were exempted from the restrictive regulations instituted to limit the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In the early stage of the pandemic, we assessed people's knowledge, attitudes, and behavior on public markets towards COVID-19. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional study from 16 to 29 April 2020 among sellers and customers frequenting the food sections of ten public markets in three large cities (Kolwezi, Likasi, and Lubumbashi) and one small town (Lwambo) of the former Katanga province. We administered a questionnaire on knowledge (about clinical characteristics, transmission and prevention) and on attitudes in relation to COVID-19. We also observed prevailing practices (hand-washing and mask-wearing). Results: Of the 347 included participants (83% women, 83% sellers), most had low socioeconomic status and a low level of education. Only 30% of participants had correct knowledge of COVID-19. The majority of the respondents (88%) showed no confidence in the government's ability to manage the upcoming pandemic crisis. Nearly all respondents (98%) were concerned about the associated increase in food insecurity. Preventive practices were rarely in place. Conclusion: For an effective implementation of measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in Africa, appropriate health education programs to improve knowledge and attitudes are warranted among the population frequenting public markets.


Assuntos
Comércio , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , República Democrática do Congo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053759

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has emerged as a pandemic. The updated knowledge and a positive attitude of health care professionals (HCPs) towards fighting any pandemic is the key to success. Thus, the present study aims to assess the knowledge and attitude of HCPs towards COVID-19 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). A cross-sectional study was conducted across the KSA, covering its five geographical regions with a non-probability quota sample. Twenty-nine, close-ended questions evaluating the knowledge and attitude domain were included in the questionnaire. It was developed with the help of Qualtrics software and circulated among the HCPs through the electronic mode. We analyzed data from about 1040 HCPs using the statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) v.21. All variables were presented in number and percentages. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed to explore the odds ratio (OR) and adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of independent variables for inadequate knowledge and attitude. Considering the "good" level of the respective domain, the HCPs have displayed better knowledge (48.2%) over attitude (33.8%). Female (aOR: 1.55; 95% CI: 1.15-2.09; p = 0.004), Diploma degree (aOR: 2.51; 95% CI: 1.64-3.83; p < 0.001), 7-10 years' experience (aOR: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.01-2.15; p = 0.045) were at higher risk of having inadequate knowledge compared to their contemporaries. Among the sources, the Ministry of Health (MOH) website was the most popular source of information (76%). The knowledge and attitude of HCPs regarding COVID-19 was similar across all the regions of KSA. However, the continuing education program is warranted to fill the potential gap in knowledge for HCPs in higher-risk groups.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053788

RESUMO

Early information on public health behaviors adopted to prevent the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) may be useful in controlling the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission. The objective of this study was to assess the role of income level (IL) and the perception of older adults, regarding COVID-19 susceptibility and severity, on adopting stay-at-home preventive behavior during the first week of the outbreak in Mexico. Participants in this cross-sectional study were urban community dwellers, aged ≥ 65 years from Mexico City. A total of 380 interviews were conducted over the phone. The mean respondent age was 72.9 years, and 76.1% were women. Over half (54.2%) of the participants perceived their susceptibility to COVID-19 as very low or low. Similarly, 33.4% perceived COVID-19 severity as being very low or low, and 57.6% had decided to stay at home: this behavior was associated with IL (ß = 1.05, p < 0.001), and its total effect was partially mediated (15.1%) by perceived severity. Educational attainment was also associated with staying at home (ß = 0.10, p = 0.018) and its total effect was partially mediated (15.0%) by perceived susceptibility. Interventions aimed at low income and less educated older adults should be developed to improve preventive behaviors in this vulnerable group during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Idoso , Cidades/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco
18.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 49(5): 738-743, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the status of health literacy and its influencing factors among the residents in Haidian District of Beijing, and to provide references for targeted health education intervention. METHODS: A multi-staged probability proportionate to size sampling(PPS) sampling method was used to collect 7034 residents that aged 15-69 years old in Haidian District in 2018. RESULTS: The standardized rate of health literacy among the residents of Haidian District was 28. 56%. The standardized health literacy rate of basic health knowledge and concept literacy, health lifestyle and behavior literacy, basic health skill were 35. 79%, 30. 90% and 36. 39%, respectively. The standardized health literacy rate of 6 health literacy issues from high to low were safety and first aid(66. 39%), scientific health perspectives(51. 24%), infectious diseases prevention and treatment(39. 78%), health information(30. 25%), chronic disease control and prevention(13. 33%), and basic medical care(11. 23%), respectively. The result of multiple logistic regression showed that aged between 30-39 years old, female, high school education and above, the teacher, medical and government staff, staff of other institutions, staff of other enterprises, other employees and the annual income of the family>45000 RMB were protective factors for health literacy. Aged between 50-69 years old was risk factor for health literacy. CONCLUSION: The level of health literacy in Haidian District was low. Various forms of intervention activities should be carried out to improve the residents' health literacy, especially focused on health lifestyle and behavior literacy, chronic disease control and prevention and basic medical care.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Adulto , Idoso , Pequim , Cidades , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 49(5): 744-754, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the knowledge, attitude and practice(KAP) of nutrition label for community residents in Shanghai and the effects of health education interventions, and to explore the factors affecting the knowledge, attitude and practice(KAP), and to provide theoretical bases for relevant policies. METHODS: Using stratified random sampling to randomly select at least 20 residents before and after the intervention in each community in Shanghai. A baseline survey was carried out in early March 2016. The survey included basic information and the knowledge、attitude and practice of nutrition label. Using a combination of online and offline method such as issuing posters, folding pages, conducting lectures on knowledge, tweeting on WeChat public accounts, etc. , for a 4-month intervention, and an assessment survey was conducted in June. The same questionnaire was used before and after the intervention. RESULTS: The awareness rate of nutrition labels among community residents in Shanghai increased from 63. 0% before the intervention to 87. 4% after the intervention. The proportion of those who felt it necessary to label nutrition labels increased from 77. 7% before the intervention to 88. 3%. When purchasing prepackaged food, the proportion of people who often read nutrition labels increased from 32. 2% before intervention to 51. 8%, and the above differences were statistically significant(P<0. 05). After the intervention, the mastery of nutrition labeling knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of men were positively changed(P<0. 05). After the intervention, residents in the suburban areas have significantly improved their knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to nutrition labeling(P<0. 05). The improvement effects of residents in the suburbs was lower than that in the other two types of areas(P<0. 05). Logistic regression analysis showed that intervention, female, high education, living in the central city, knowing the nutrition label, and thinking that it is necessary to label the nutrition label are the protective factors of looking at the nutrition label when buying foods. CONCLUSION: Health education can effectively improve the awareness rate of prepackaged food nutrition labels, relevant attitudes and behavior changes of residents in Shanghai communities. After intervention, the knowledge and behavior of nutrition labels in Shanghai communities are at a high level. Men, low-education low-income and residents in remote areas are the key population for future health education related to nutrition labels.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , China , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(10): 1295-1298, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999207

RESUMO

Health professionals should adopt best practices that are cognizant of the communication skills of their patients. Pharmacists should be knowledgeable about hearing disabilities to effectively provide medication education to deaf and hard-of-hearing (HH) patients. The Act for Eliminating Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities requires pharmacists to take the appropriate actions to their patients. However, awareness about the appropriate actions for eliminate discrimination has not increased among medical professionals. This survey examined the knowledge about hearing disabilities, practice of appropriate actions and confidence in medication education to deaf and HH patients on 216 pharmacists in Yahata Pharmaceutical Association in November 2019. Pharmacists had poor awareness about hearing disabilities and about 30% of participants misunderstood appropriate actions in communication to deaf and HH patients. Practice of appropriate action in medication education were taken by only about half of the participants. In particular, placing Ear symbol had not be taken at all. Participants felt that they could provide medication education sufficiently by written materials in spite of poor understanding about the literacy of deaf individuals. On the other hand, they felt unconfident due to lack of understanding about hearing disabilities and how to communicate with their patients. This survey suggests that pharmacists need to learn about hearing disabilities for effective communication and practice of appropriate action in medication education to patients with hearing disabilities. Learning hearing disabilities may enable them to take the actions that are necessary to eliminate discrimination and enhance their confidence in providing medication education.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Autoimagem , Competência Clínica , Compreensão , Humanos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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