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1.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 12: CD013020, 2020 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different bone-modifying agents like bisphosphonates and receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL)-inhibitors are used as supportive treatment in men with prostate cancer and bone metastases to prevent skeletal-related events (SREs). SREs such as pathologic fractures, spinal cord compression, surgery and radiotherapy to the bone, and hypercalcemia lead to morbidity, a poor performance status, and impaired quality of life. Efficacy and acceptability of the bone-targeted therapy is therefore of high relevance. Until now recommendations in guidelines on which bone-modifying agents should be used are rare and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of bisphosphonates and RANKL-inhibitors as supportive treatment for prostate cancer patients with bone metastases and to generate a clinically meaningful treatment ranking according to their safety and efficacy using network meta-analysis. SEARCH METHODS: We identified studies by electronically searching the bibliographic databases Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase until 23 March 2020. We searched the Cochrane Library and various trial registries and screened abstracts of conference proceedings and reference lists of identified trials. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomized controlled trials comparing different bisphosphonates and RANKL-inihibitors with each other or against no further treatment or placebo for men with prostate cancer and bone metastases. We included men with castration-restrictive and castration-sensitive prostate cancer and conducted subgroup analyses according to this criteria. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed the quality of trials. We defined proportion of participants with pain response and the adverse events renal impairment and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) as the primary outcomes. Secondary outcomes were SREs in total and each separately (see above), mortality, quality of life, and further adverse events such as grade 3 to 4 adverse events, hypocalcemia, fatigue, diarrhea, and nausea. We conducted network meta-analysis and generated treatment rankings for all outcomes, except quality of life due to insufficient reporting on this outcome. We compiled ranking plots to compare single outcomes of efficacy against outcomes of acceptability of the bone-modifying agents. We assessed the certainty of the evidence for the main outcomes using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: Twenty-five trials fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Twenty-one trials could be considered in the quantitative analysis, of which six bisphosphonates (zoledronic acid, risedronate, pamidronate, alendronate, etidronate, or clodronate) were compared with each other, the RANKL-inhibitor denosumab, or no treatment/placebo. By conducting network meta-analysis we were able to compare all of these reported agents directly and/or indirectly within the network for each outcome. In the abstract only the comparisons of zoledronic acid and denosumab against the main comparator (no treatment/placebo) are described for outcomes that were predefined as most relevant and that also appear in the 'Summary of findings' table. Other results, as well as results of subgroup analyses regarding castration status of participants, are displayed in the Results section of the full text. Treatment with zoledronic acid probably neither reduces nor increases the proportion of participants with pain response when compared to no treatment/placebo (risk ratio (RR) 1.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.93 to 2.32; per 1000 participants 121 more (19 less to 349 more); moderate-certainty evidence; network based on 4 trials including 1013 participants). For this outcome none of the trials reported results for the comparison with denosumab. The adverse event renal impairment probably occurs more often when treated with zoledronic acid compared to treatment/placebo (RR 1.63, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.45; per 1000 participants 78 more (10 more to 180 more); moderate-certainty evidence; network based on 6 trials including 1769 participants). Results for denosumab could not be included for this outcome, since zero events cannot be considered in the network meta-analysis, therefore it does not appear in the ranking. Treatment with denosumab results in increased occurrence of the adverse event ONJ (RR 3.45, 95% CI 1.06 to 11.24; per 1000 participants 30 more (1 more to 125 more); high-certainty evidence; 4 trials, 3006 participants) compared to no treatment/placebo. When comparing zoledronic acid to no treatment/placebo, the confidence intervals include the possibility of benefit or harm, therefore treatment with zoledronic acid probably neither reduces nor increases ONJ (RR 1.88, 95% CI 0.73 to 4.87; per 1000 participants 11 more (3 less to 47 more); moderate-certainty evidence; network based on 4 trials including 3006 participants). Compared to no treatment/placebo, treatment with zoledronic acid (RR 0.84, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.97) and denosumab (RR 0.72, 95% CI 0.54 to 0.96) may result in a reduction of the total number of SREs (per 1000 participants 75 fewer (131 fewer to 14 fewer) and 131 fewer (215 fewer to 19 fewer); both low-certainty evidence; 12 trials, 5240 participants). Treatment with zoledronic acid and denosumab likely neither reduces nor increases mortality when compared to no treatment/placebo (zoledronic acid RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.80 to 1.01; per 1000 participants 48 fewer (97 fewer to 5 more); denosumab RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.77 to 1.11; per 1000 participants 34 fewer (111 fewer to 54 more); both moderate-certainty evidence; 13 trials, 5494 participants). Due to insufficient reporting, no network meta-analysis was possible for the outcome quality of life. One study with 1904 participants comparing zoledronic acid and denosumab showed that more zoledronic acid-treated participants than denosumab-treated participants experienced a greater than or equal to five-point decrease in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General total scores over a range of 18 months (average relative difference = 6.8%, range -9.4% to 14.6%) or worsening of cancer-related quality of life. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: When considering bone-modifying agents as supportive treatment, one has to balance between efficacy and acceptability. Results suggest that Zoledronic acid likely increases both the proportion of participants with pain response, and the proportion of participants experiencing adverse events However, more trials with head-to-head comparisons including all potential agents are needed to draw the whole picture and proof the results of this analysis.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Ligante RANK/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Alendronato/efeitos adversos , Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/etiologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Ácido Clodrônico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Clodrônico/uso terapêutico , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Ácido Etidrônico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Etidrônico/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Metanálise em Rede , Pamidronato/efeitos adversos , Pamidronato/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ácido Risedrônico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Risedrônico/uso terapêutico , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Zoledrônico/uso terapêutico
2.
Maturitas ; 142: 17-23, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is well recognized that the presentation, treatment, and outcomes of various diseases may differ between men and women. We recently reported a 7.4% rate of denosumab-associated hypocalcemia in community-dwelling osteoporotic patients. This study sought to investigate the role of gender in this complication. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective community-dwelling cohort. METHOD: The databases of a large health maintenance organization were searched for adult patients treated with denosumab for osteoporosis in 2010-2018. Rates and predictors of denosumab-associated hypocalcemia (serum calcium ≤8.5 mg/mL) were analyzed by gender. RESULTS: The cohort included 1871 women and 134 men. Compared with the women, the men were characterized by older median age (81 vs. 77 years, p = 0.005), higher likelihood to receive denosumab as a first-line treatment (22% vs. 6%, p < 0.001), less treatment with calcium supplements (42% vs. 53%, p = 0.012), and lower median eGFR level (66.1 vs. 79.8 mL/min/1.73m2, p < 0.001). Denosumab-associated hypocalcemia developed in 133 women (7.1%) and 16 men (11.9%) (p = 0.04); the drug was discontinued in 75% and 61%, respectively. The strongest predictors of hypocalcemia in women were levels of pretreatment albumin-adjusted serum calcium (OR 0.08, 95% CI (0.04, 0.14)) and creatinine (OR 2.43, 95% CI (1.45, 4.05)). There were no predictors in men. On propensity matching of 126 men and 126 women, gender was not a predictor of hypocalcemia. CONCLUSION: Denosumab-treated men were significantly older than treated women and had a lower eGFR and more advanced osteoporosis. These findings suggest that selection bias rather than male genderper se underlies the higher rate of denosumab-associated hypocalcemia in men.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Hipocalcemia/induzido quimicamente , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Cálcio/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Hipocalcemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia
7.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 158, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030619

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is one of the most common conditions among adults worldwide. It also presents a challenge among patients undergoing spinal surgery. Use of Teriparatide and bisphosphonates in such patients has been shown to improve outcomes after fusion surgery, including successful fusion, decreased risk of instrumentation failure, and patient-reported outcomes. Herein, we performed a systematic review and indirect meta-analysis of available literature on outcomes of fusion surgery after use of bisphosphonates or Teriparatide. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of all databases (Ovid MEDLINE(R) and Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid Embase, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus) to identify studies assessing outcomes of spinal fusion among osteoporotic patients after use of Teriparatide or bisphosphonate. Four authors independently screened electronic search results, and all four authors independently performed study selection. Two authors performed independent data extraction and assessed the studies' risk of bias assessment using standardized forms of Revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB 2) and Risk Of Bias In Non-randomized Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-I). RESULTS: Nineteen studies were included in the final analysis. A total of 13 studies evaluated the difference in fusion rate between bisphosphonates and Teriparatide or control group. Fusion rate was higher for bisphosphonates (effect size (ES) 83%, 95% CI 77-89%) compared with Teriparatide (ES 71%, 95% CI 57-85%), with the p value for heterogeneity between groups without statistical significance (p = 0.123). Five studies assessed the impact of using bisphosphonate or Teriparatide on screw loosening. The rate of screw loosening was higher for bisphosphonates (ES 19%, 95% CI 13-25%) compared with Teriparatide (ES 13%, 95% CI 9-16%) without statistical significance (p = 0.52). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that while both agents may be associated with positive outcomes, bisphosphonates may be associated with a higher fusion rate, while Teriparatide may be associated with lower screw loosening. The decision to treat with either agent should be tailored individually for each patient keeping in consideration the adverse effect and pharmacokinetic profiles.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Teriparatida/uso terapêutico , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Teriparatida/efeitos adversos , Vértebras Torácicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Oral Implantol ; 46(4): 431-437, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031547

RESUMO

Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a possible oral complication resulting from antiresorptive therapies, such as bisphosphonates (Bfs). Although the etiology is not entirely clear, it has been shown to be dependent on several factors, with the traumatic stimulation caused by the placement of teeth implants indicated as one of the predisposing factors to this pathology. The indications and preventive methods for performing these procedures have been questioned, making it essential to determine the proper protocols. Thus, the present study aims to discuss the risks of the development of osteonecrosis in patients undergoing dental implant surgery who use Bfs as well as to discuss related local and systemic factors and possible methods for preventing this side effect. The study also aims to present a clinical case of an osteopenic patient who used Bfs and underwent rehabilitation through implants according to specific protocols, which resulted in successful treatment.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Implantes Dentários , Osteonecrose , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos , Humanos , Osteonecrose/induzido quimicamente , Osteonecrose/prevenção & controle
9.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20200204, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997086

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate bone repair and the development of the medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) associated with the use of zoledronic acid in Wistar rats. METHODOLOGY: 48 male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: ZA, treated with intraperitoneal zoledronic acid, 0.6 mg/kg every 28 days, totaling five doses; control (C), treated with 0.9% sodium chloride; ZA-surgical (SZA) and C-surgical (SC), submitted to extraction of the right upper molars 45 days after the first application. Alveolar bone repair was evaluated by macroscopic and histological analysis. Protein expression evaluations were performed by qPCR. RESULTS: Macroscopic evaluation showed that 91.66% (11) of the animals in the SZA group and 41.66% (5) from the SC group presented solution of epithelium continuity (P<0.05). All animals in the SZA group and none in the SC group had bone sequestration. The area of osteonecrosis was higher in the SZA group than in the SC group (P<0.05). In molecular evaluation, the SZA group presented changes in the expression of markers for osteoclasts, with increased RANK and RANKL, and a decrease in OPG. CONCLUSION: The results highlighted strong and evident interference of zoledronic acid in bone repair of the socket, causing osteonecrosis and delayed bone remodeling.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/fisiopatologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos
10.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med ; 45(3): 126-130, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901900

RESUMO

We present a case of osteomyelitis of the condyle secondary to bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. A 77-year-old female was referred to our clinic with complaints of swelling in the left mandibular molar regions. The patient had been suffering from myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPOANCA) associated vasculitis and had been treated with glucocorticoids for 8 years, and oral bisphosphonates had been prescribed to prevent osteopenia secondary to glucocorticoids. Imaging examinations showed radiolucency of the left mandibular body. Based on the diagnosis of osteomyelitis of the mandibular body secondary to bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis, the patient received antimicrobial therapy and was well-healed. However, the patient returned 8 weeks later complaining of acute left preauricular swelling. Computed tomography showed the destructive changes in the mandibular condyle. We speculated that the infection was caused by the local spread from osteomyelitis of the left mandibular body. The risk of jaw necrosis related to antiresorptive therapy is well known. In recent years, the number of older patients being administered glucocorticoids with bisphosphonates has increased; therefore, we must be attentive to the signs of infectious diseases of the jawbone in the aging because it can easily shift to osteomyelitis or osteonecrosis and spread infection through the marrow.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/etiologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Arcada Osseodentária , Côndilo Mandibular , Osteomielite/etiologia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteomielite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteomielite/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21089, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a very tricky orthopedic disorder. If such condition cannot be managed fairly well, it may significantly affect quality of life and even leads to disability among such population. A variety of studies have reported that alendronate is utilized for the treatment of AS. However, their results are still contrary, and no systematic review has addressed on this topic. Thus, this study will systematically assess the efficacy and safety of alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search will be performed from the below electronic databases from their commencement to the January 31, 2020 without language and publication status limitations: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, WANGFANG, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Only randomized controlled trials focusing on the alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS will be considered for inclusion in this study. Two authors will independently select all identified records, extract essential data from all included studies, and appraise study quality for each eligible trial using Cochrane risk of bias. If any differences occur, another experienced author will be invited to solve them by discussion and a consensus decision will be made. We will implement RevMan 5.3 software to analyze the extracted data. RESULTS: This study will summarize high-quality randomized controlled trials to assess the efficacy and safety of alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS through primary outcome of bone densitometry; and secondary outcomes of pain intensity, quality of life, disease activity, functional status, and adverse events. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence to help determine whether alendronate is an effective and safe management for patient with AS or not. STUDY REGISTRATION: INPLASY202040153.


Assuntos
Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Alendronato/efeitos adversos , Densidade Óssea , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Dor Musculoesquelética/etiologia , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
12.
N Engl J Med ; 383(8): 743-753, 2020 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are effective in reducing hip and osteoporotic fractures. However, concerns about atypical femur fractures have contributed to substantially decreased bisphosphonate use, and the incidence of hip fractures may be increasing. Important uncertainties remain regarding the association between atypical femur fractures and bisphosphonates and other risk factors. METHODS: We studied women 50 years of age or older who were receiving bisphosphonates and who were enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health care system; women were followed from January 1, 2007, to November 30, 2017. The primary outcome was atypical femur fracture. Data on risk factors, including bisphosphonate use, were obtained from electronic health records. Fractures were radiographically adjudicated. Multivariable Cox models were used. The risk-benefit profile was modeled for 1 to 10 years of bisphosphonate use to compare associated atypical fractures with other fractures prevented. RESULTS: Among 196,129 women, 277 atypical femur fractures occurred. After multivariable adjustment, the risk of atypical fracture increased with longer duration of bisphosphonate use: the hazard ratio as compared with less than 3 months increased from 8.86 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.79 to 28.20) for 3 years to less than 5 years to 43.51 (95% CI, 13.70 to 138.15) for 8 years or more. Other risk factors included race (hazard ratio for Asians vs. Whites, 4.84; 95% CI, 3.57 to 6.56), height, weight, and glucocorticoid use. Bisphosphonate discontinuation was associated with a rapid decrease in the risk of atypical fracture. Decreases in the risk of osteoporotic and hip fractures during 1 to 10 years of bisphosphonate use far outweighed the increased risk of atypical fracture among Whites but less so among Asians. After 3 years, 149 hip fractures were prevented and 2 bisphosphonate-associated atypical fractures occurred in Whites, as compared with 91 and 8, respectively, in Asians. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of atypical femur fracture increased with longer duration of bisphosphonate use and rapidly decreased after bisphosphonate discontinuation. Asians had a higher risk than Whites. The absolute risk of atypical femur fracture remained very low as compared with reductions in the risk of hip and other fractures with bisphosphonate treatment. (Funded by Kaiser Permanente and others.).


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Fêmur/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas do Quadril/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Americanos Asiáticos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Fêmur/etnologia , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
13.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 38(6): 894-902, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656645

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rapid descent in bone mineral density (BMD) and ascent in bone turnover marker (BTM) occur within the short period following denosumab (Dmab) discontinuation. In addition, the incidence of vertebral fracture also rises within the short period. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of sequential therapy using zoledronic acid (ZOL) on any adverse events after Dmab discontinuation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a multicenter retrospective observational study, and the subjects were osteoporosis patients who visited our institutions between 2013 and 2018. We performed sequential therapy using ZOL for 30 patients who had difficulty continuing Dmab, due to physical or social reasons, and investigated the fracture incidence and BMD/BTM changes at 4 time points (at the start of Dmab, the start of ZOL, 6 months after ZOL and 12 months after ZOL). RESULTS: No new vertebral/nonvertebral fractures were observed at each time point after switching from Dmab to ZOL in any of the 30 patients. The BMD/BTM changes were evaluated in 18 of the 30 cases, since all data of lumbar/femoral neck BMDs and TRACP-5b at 4 time points was only available in 18 cases. BMDs significantly increased at each time point compared with that at the start of Dmab. Serum TRACP-5b significantly decreased at each time point compared with that at the start of Dmab. CONCLUSION: It was suggested that sequential therapy using ZOL could suppress the decrease of BMD, and increase of BTM, if the period of Dmab administration was less than 3 years.


Assuntos
Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Suspensão de Tratamento , Ácido Zoledrônico/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/sangue , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/sangue , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos
14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11385, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32647190

RESUMO

Development of quantitative analysis software has enabled application of several standardised uptake values (SUV) for bone analysis in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The present retrospective study aimed to develop a reliable method of monitoring bone inflammatory activity in antiresorptive agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ARONJ) using SPECT quantitative analysis software. Fifteen ARONJ patients underwent SPECT before and after anti-inflammatory therapy. We calculated the mean maximum SUV (SUVmax) of the bilateral cranial bones using quantitative analysis software and used this as the control [C]. We attempted to adjust the SUVmax of the lesion [L] as follows: adjusted SUVmax (aSUVmax) = [L] - [C]. The optimum threshold to calculate the metabolic bone volume (MBV) (cm3) was [C] + 3. The threshold values obtained for each case were input to calculate MBV at each osteomyelitis site. Retrospectively, we compared aSUVmax and MBV of each patient's ARONJ before and after anti-inflammatory therapy. The patients' high aSUVmax or large MBV of the ARONJ reduced rapidly, reflecting individual clinical findings after treatment. Application of SPECT quantitative analysis software to monitor bone inflammatory activity in ARONJ could improve the prognosis-deciding abilities of clinicians and enable them to treat ARONJ effectively.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/complicações , Osteomielite/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/imunologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Arcada Osseodentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Arcada Osseodentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Arcada Osseodentária/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteomielite/imunologia , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Software
15.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 101, 2020 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The justification for this consensus is the absence of local protocols on Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws (MONJ), for prevention, evaluation, and treatment, involving physicians and dentists, leading to suspension of antiresorptive treatments, despite their benefit in the prevention of fragility fractures (40-70%). These fractures cause disability and mortality (80% and 20-30%, respectively), as opposed to the low risk associated with MONJ in osteoporotic (0.01-0.03%) and oncological patients (1.3-1.8%). PURPOSE: To provide management recommendations through algorithms that guide health professionals to prevent, diagnose, and treat MONJ in different clinical scenarios. METHOD: A technical multidisciplinary team composed of specialists with extensive experience in osteoporosis or osteonecrosis of the jaw from Fundación Santa Fé (Bogotá, Colombia) and the Asociación Colombiana de Osteoporosis y Metabolismo Mineral was selected. Three rounds were carried out: definition of questions, answers using Delphi methodology, and the discussion of questions in order to have an agreement. The whole group participated in two phases, and the developer group in the total number of rounds. A literature review was conducted to obtain academic support to design questions with clinical relevance. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The consensus group generated definitions and recommendations useful for doctors and dentists, following clinical algorithms involving four scenarios: osteoporosis patient who requires dental procedures and has not received antiresorptives, osteoporosis patient who are under treatment with antiresorptives, cancer patients, and MONJ-instituted patients. The therapeutic approach in osteoporosis and cancer patients, in invasive dental procedures, must be relied on the risk-benefit treatment.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose , Algoritmos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Colômbia , Denosumab , Difosfonatos , Humanos , Doenças Maxilomandibulares , Osteonecrose/induzido quimicamente , Osteonecrose/terapia
16.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 78(11): 1986-1999, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615096

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is no clarity on which protocol is proper to use in the management of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) at early stages (ie, stages 1 and 2) to halt disease progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success of surgical treatment in terms of time to mucosal integrity and downstaging in patients with MRONJ at early stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was implemented as a prospective, single-center cohort study. The sample included patients who presented at Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro with a clinical diagnosis of MRONJ and underwent surgical treatment. The primary predictor variables were gender, age, medical history, drug administration, MRONJ localization, trigger factors, and stage. The outcome variables were 1) time to mucosal integrity after surgery with time-to-event analysis and 2) time to downstaging of MRONJ lesions. Descriptive, bivariate, and regression statistics were performed. RESULTS: The study sample included 129 MRONJ patients (90 women and 39 men; mean age, 71.2 ± 12.7 years), of whom 57 had stage 1 and 72 had stage 2. The mean time to achieve mucosal integrity was 71.6 ± 67.7 days, considering the survival probability always to be 93% or greater. The mean time to achieve downstaging of the lesion was 43.6 ± 38.4 days. Patients older than 70 years, those affected by osteometabolic disorders, and those treated with oral antiresorptive therapy showed a significantly shorter time to mucosal healing and downstaging (P < .05). In patients with stage 2 MRONJ, we recorded a significantly longer time to mucosal integrity (56.4 ± 54.5 days) but shorter time to lesion downstaging (33.6 ± 9.9 days) than in patients with stage 1 MRONJ (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of patients in the early stages of MRONJ guarantees benefits in outcomes such as mucosal integrity and lesion downstaging, improvement in quality of life, and faster reuptake of medication therapy, especially for oncologic patients.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/cirurgia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
17.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(9): 2973-2989, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main aim is to identify, by means of different imaging modalities, the early bone changes in patients "at risk" and in stage 0 MRONJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of the literature was performed on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases, until June 9, 2020. No language or year restrictions were applied. Screening of the articles, data collection, and qualitative analysis was done. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used for observational studies, and the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation's (SYRCLE) risk of bias tool for the animal studies. RESULTS: A total of 1188 articles were found, from which 47 were considered eligible, whereas 42 were suitable for the qualitative analysis. They correspond to 39 human studies and 8 animal studies. Radiographic findings such as bone sclerosis, osteolytic areas, thickening of lamina dura, persisting alveolar socket, periapical radiolucency, thicker mandibular cortex, widening of the periodontal ligament space, periodontal bone loss, and enhancement of the mandibular canal were identified as early bone changes due to antiresorptive therapy. All those findings were also reported later in Stage 0 patients. CONCLUSION: The main limitations of these results are the lack of prospective data and comparisons groups; therefore, careful interpretation should be made. It is a fact that radiographic findings are present in antiresorptive-treated patients, but the precise timepoint of occurrence, their relation to the posology, and potential risk to develop MRONJ are not clear. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The importance of a baseline radiographic diagnosis for antiresorptive-treated patients.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/prevenção & controle , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Mandíbula , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(25): e20831, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569232

RESUMO

The objective was to investigate the association of different hydration doses and its effect on renal function in patients with primary osteoporosis treated with zoledronic acid.The subjects with primary osteoporosis treated with zoledronic acid at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, China, from January 2015 to December 2018 were included in this study. The subjects were classified according to different hydration doses. Renal function indexes before and after treatment were collected and adverse reactions recorded to analyze the changes in renal function associated with different hydration doses.The choice of the hydration dose treated with zoledronic acid deserves attention. The lower hydration dose is, the greater impact on renal function can be caused.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Rim/fisiopatologia , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Soluções para Reidratação/uso terapêutico , Ácido Zoledrônico/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Soluções para Reidratação/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos
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