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1.
Rev. salud pública Parag ; 9(2): [P16-P21], Dic 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1047046

RESUMO

Introducción: Los trastornos del sueño pueden afectar significativamente la calidad de vida de los niños. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de trastornos respiratorios del sueño en niños que acuden a la consulta ortodóncica. Métodos: Para realizar este estudio de corte trasversal se aplicó la sección A del Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire de forma consecutiva a padres de niños que acudieron a la consulta ortodóncica en el Instituto de Odontología Avanzada en el año 2018. Para las mediciones de variables cualitativas y cuantitativas, se utilizaron medidas de frecuencias absolutas y relativas con el programa EPI Info™ 7 (CDC). Resultados: Se incluyeron 52 pacientes (28 niñas, 24 niños) con edad media 13 años (DP: 2,23). En los resultados se observó que 12 niños (23%) presentaban algún tipo de patología respiratoria siendo la alergia (58,3%) la más reportada; y la medicación mayormente usada (antialérgicos, broncodilatadores, etc.) en presentación de aerosol (40%) y sólo 4 casos (7,6%) fueron sometido a alguna cirugía de las vías respiratorias, principalmente en la adenoides. El ronquido se registró en 30 individuos (57,69 %) de los cuales 18 (58%) pertenecen al sexo femenino y 13 (42%) al sexo masculino, sin tener alguna asociación por edad o sexo. Las horas de sueño en la semana fueron en promedio 9h. (DS= 1,78). Conclusión: La alta frecuencia de ronquido entre los trastornos respiratorios detectados en pacientes que buscaron tratamiento ortodóncico en el IOA, señala que la aplicación de un cuestionario fue una herramienta adecuada para la detección de TRS y permite que los niños con riesgo puedan ser identificados y remitidos a un especialista. Palabras clave: Trastornos respiratorios. Ronquido. Niños. Ortodoncia. Paraguay


Introduction: Sleep disorders can significantly affect the quality of life of children. Objective: To determine the frequency of respiratory sleep disorders in children who come to the orthodontic office. Methods: To perform this cross-sectional study, section A of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire was applied consecutively to parents of children who attended the orthodontic clinic at the Institute of Advanced Dentistry in 2018. For qualitative and quantitative variables measurements , absolute and relative frequency measurements were used with the EPI Info ™ 7 (CDC) program. Results: We included 52 patients (28 girls, 24 boys) with an average age of 13 years (PD: 2.23). In the results it was observed that 12 children (23%) presented some type of respiratory disease being the allergy (58.3%) the most reported; and the most commonly used medication (antiallergics, bronchodilators, etc.) in aerosol presentation (40%) and only 4 cases (7.6%) were subjected to some surgery of the respiratory tract, mainly in the adenoids. The snoring was recorded in 30 individuals (57.69%) of whom 18 (58%) belong to the female sex and 13 (42%) to the male sex, without having any association by age or sex. The hours of sleep in the week were on average 9h. (DS = 1.78). Conclusion: The high frequency of snoring among the respiratory disorders detected in patients who sought orthodontic treatment in the IOA, indicates that the application of a questionnaire was an adequate tool for the detection of SDB and allows children at risk to be identified and referred to a specialist. Key words: Respiration Disorders. Snoring. Orthodontics. Child. Paraguay


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Transtornos Respiratórios , Criança , Consultórios Odontológicos , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Apneia do Sono Tipo Central
2.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 150(12): 1015-1026.e1, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors of this systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of preprocedural mouthrinses in reducing the number of microorganisms disseminated by means of the aerosol generated via dental procedures when compared with a placebo, water, or no mouthrinse. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors included only randomized clinical trials. They searched MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, Google Scholar, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature databases through May 31, 2019. They performed random-effects meta-analysis for reduction of the number of colony-forming units (CFU) in the dental aerosol. RESULTS: Of 770 potentially relevant articles, the authors included 13 randomized clinical trials in which researchers studied the efficacy of chlorhexidine, essential oils, cetylpyridinium chloride, and herbal products. Meta-analysis of 12 studies showed that mouthrinses with chlorhexidine, essential oils, and cetylpyridinium chloride significantly reduced the number of CFU. Overall, the use of a preprocedural mouthrinse resulted in a mean reduction in the number of CFUs of 64.8% (95% confidence interval, 50.4% to 79.3%; I2 = 37%) compared with control. None of the included studies presented a low risk of bias. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Some dental procedures result in dissemination of microorganisms in the aerosol in the dental office. There is moderate evidence that preprocedural mouthrinses significantly reduce the number of microorganisms in the dental aerosol.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Antissépticos Bucais , Aerossóis , Clorexidina , Consultórios Odontológicos
4.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 126(11): 571-578, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730134

RESUMO

Dentists frequently have to deal with anxious children and adults. Whether these patients can be treated successfully in a regular dental office depends on the type of fear and its severity. Proper diagnostic procedures are therefore paramount. This article gives an overview of how dental fear develops, is sustained, and can be treated. It elaborates on the communication skills important in reducing anxiety and preventing children from developing dental fear.


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Relações Dentista-Paciente , Adulto , Criança , Comunicação , Assistência Odontológica , Consultórios Odontológicos , Humanos
5.
6.
Anesthesiol Clin ; 37(2): 333-348, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047133

RESUMO

The provision for and administration of dental office-based sedation and anesthesia requires considerations and preparations that are unique to dentistry and unlike that of any other office-based and nonoperating room procedures. Anesthesia providers who have only performed dental cases in an operating room are often unaware of the idiosyncrasies and risks associated with performing sedation and anesthesia in the dental office. This article explores the demographics, patient characteristics, morbidity, mortality, and clinical concerns with an in-depth discussion of the dental operating environment. The content is integrated with the current medical and dental guidelines for office-based anesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária/métodos , Sedação Consciente/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Consultórios Odontológicos , Humanos , Monitorização Intraoperatória , Segurança do Paciente
7.
J Med Life ; 12(1): 83-89, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123530

RESUMO

The factors which influence patients in their choice of a dental care office has recently become more complex. Our objective was to assess the correlations between different key factors (demographic aspects, dentists' professionalism, factors related to dental care offices) that influence the selection of a particular dental care office by adult patients. An online questionnaire (self-administered survey) was applied to a random sample of 117 adult dental patients in private clinics in Bucharest, Romania. The survey consisted of 12 questions, and it was conducted during a 2-week period. All the collected data were subjected to statistical analysis. The obtained results revealed statistically significant correlations between studied factors, i.e., elderly patients compared to younger patients considered the use of the state-of-the-art medical devices was important for the dental office (p=0.043, R=0.187). In comparison to women, male patients were searching more often information regarding the dental offices on social media (p=0.002, R=0.284); patients that attached more importance to the dentist's professional degree were the ones that attached more importance to its reputation (p<0.001, R=0.381) and to the dental office location (p=0.022, R=0.211). The results highlighted specific patterns in patients' perception of factors related to the selection of dental offices, as also found in scientific literature. The present study offers a perspective on how to improve dental care and patients' oral health.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Consultórios Odontológicos , Odontólogos , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Romênia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(4): 282-285, 2019 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955304

RESUMO

Nitrous oxide (N(2)O), also known as laughing gas, is widely used in the dental offices as a common inhaled sedative analgesic gas to reduce anxiety and pain during treatment. Studies have shown that long-term exposure to higher concentrations of laughing gas may have a certain impact on the health of medical staff, while currently research on iatrogenic pollution in applications of laughing gas in oral therapy is not sufficient. In the United States and Europe, the condition of applications of laughing gas is relativrly mature, and there are related regulations and recommended measures to prevent and control iatrogenic pollution. However, studies in these countries still show that there is iatrogenic pollution in the clinical use of laughing gas and lack of uniform detection measures. While, in China, there is little research on the health effects of laughing gas on medical staff and on how to detect and control nitrous oxide pollution. This review is about the hazards, monitoring and control of clinical application of nitrous oxide.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Inalatórios , Doença Iatrogênica , Óxido Nitroso , Exposição Ocupacional , Anestésicos Inalatórios/efeitos adversos , China , Consultórios Odontológicos , Humanos , Óxido Nitroso/efeitos adversos , Estados Unidos
9.
Anesth Prog ; 66(1): 44-51, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30883229

RESUMO

The safe treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in dental office office-based settings can be quite complex without a current understanding of the etiology, course, severity, and current treatment modalities of the disease. The additional concerns of providing sedation and/or general anesthesia to patients with COPD in settings outside of a hospital demand thorough investigation of individual patient presentation and realistic development of planned treatment that patients suffering from this respiratory condition can tolerate. Along with other co-morbidities, such as advanced age and potential significant cardiovascular compromise, the dental practitioner providing sedation or general anesthesia must tailor any treatment plan to address multiple organ systems and mitigate risks of precipitating acute respiratory failure from inadequate pain and/or anxiety control. Part I of this article covered the epidemiology, etiology, and pathophysiology of COPD. Patient considerations in the preoperative period were also reviewed. Part II will cover which patients are acceptable for sedation/general anesthesia in the dental office-based setting as well as sedation/general anesthesia techniques that may be considered. Postoperative care will also be reviewed.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária , Anestesia Geral , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Anestesia Dentária/métodos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Sedação Consciente , Consultórios Odontológicos , Odontólogos , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações
10.
Int Dent J ; 69(4): 321-328, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical emergencies in dental offices are considered a problem in most countries owing to dentists' concerns about emergency preparedness, practical skills, lifesaving equipment and staff availability. The prevalence of medical emergencies in dental offices and dentists' preparedness have been analysed in several countries but have never been studied in Poland. AIM: To assess the prevalence of medical emergencies in dental offices in Poland, as well as dentists' preparedness and attitudes towards medical emergencies. METHODS: An 18-item questionnaire was completed by 419 dentists. It asked for information on their cardiopulmonary resuscitation training, availability of emergency medical equipment in the dental office, prevalence of medical emergencies and self-assessed competence in various dental office emergencies. Data were analysed using the Statistica 13.3 software package. Variability was measured with standard deviation. Pearson's linear correlation coefficient was used to determine correlation strength. RESULTS: The most common medical emergencies in Polish dental offices were vasovagal syncope (46.30% of study participants experienced at least one case in the preceding 12 months), orthostatic hypotension (18.85%), hyperventilation crisis (18.61%), mild allergic reactions (16.23%), hypoglycaemia (15.99%) and seizures (11.81%). The prevalence of medical emergency situations requiring an emergency medical service call or medical assistance within the preceding 12 months was 0 for 80.66% of dentists, one for 12.65%, two for 4.53%, three for 1.20%, four for 0.48%, 5-10 for 0.48% and more than 10 for 0%. As many as 41.29% of the participants did not feel competent in managing sudden cardiac arrest, 74.47% in managing hypertensive crisis, 55.61% in managing asthma, 55.13% in managing anaphylactic shock and 52.99% in managing seizures. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of medical emergencies in dental offices in Poland is comparable with that in other countries. A large number of dentists do not feel competent enough to manage medical emergencies. Better undergraduate and postgraduate training in medical emergencies is recommended, as well as broader availability of emergency medical equipment in the dental office.


Assuntos
Consultórios Odontológicos , Emergências , Atitude , Odontólogos , Humanos , Polônia
11.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 127(2): 147-155, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30724404

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between temperament characteristics of preschool children, dental anxiety, and their dental behaviour. A total of 100 children, aged 3-5 yr, who were attending their initial dental visit accompanied by a parent, were included in this cross-sectional study. Dental anxiety of children was measured using the Facial Image Scale. The behaviour of children during the initial oral examination and oral prophylaxis was assessed using Frankl's behaviour rating scale. Temperament was assessed using Emotionality, Activity, Shyness Temperament Survey for Children (parental ratings). Statistically significant weak linear positive correlations were seen between the following: the percentage duration of definitely negative behaviour and shyness scores (rs  = 0.28); anxiety level and emotionality scores (rs  = 0.28); and anxiety level and shyness scores (rs  = 0.26). Multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that children with higher anxiety had higher odds of showing definitely negative behaviour, which decreased with increasing age of the child. Emotionality and shyness temperaments may be weakly associated with dental anxiety, and shyness may be weakly associated with the dental behaviour of the preschool child. Definitely negative dental behaviour is associated with dental anxiety and age of the child.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/estatística & dados numéricos , Temperamento , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/diagnóstico , Consultórios Odontológicos , Emoções , Humanos , Índia , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pais , Timidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Rev. ADM ; 76(1): 38-43, ene.-feb. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-996012

RESUMO

La apertura de un consultorio privado es de interés para muchos profesionistas odontólogos. Más allá de las cuestiones económicas o de habilidad técnica, una limitante importante para llevarlo a cabo es el desconocimiento de los trámites administrativos necesarios para ello. Es común que muchos odontólogos se atrevan a mantener en uso un negocio que, la mayoría de las veces, no cumple con este tipo de aspectos, lo que conlleva a ser susceptible a diversas sanciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es enunciar y describir los requisitos básicos para la apertura de un consultorio de prestación de servicios profesionales odontológicos dentro del territorio mexicano. Posterior a una revisión de la legislación y normatividad vigentes en la República Mexicana, se enlistan los trámites realizados ante cuatro dependencias públicas: Servicio de Administración Tributaria (SAT), regulación sanitaria, protección civil y gobierno local. Cabe resaltar que esta información se ofrece bajo ciertas consideraciones, ya que puede existir variación de acuerdo con los lineamientos establecidos por los gobiernos locales de cada entidad federativa. Se concluye que dar cumplimiento con estos requisitos es el primer paso para el adecuado funcionamiento de nuestro negocio, lo cual ayuda a evitar las sanciones correspondientes y el desprestigio del consultorio (AU)


Opening a private dental offi ce is of interest for many dentists. Beyond economic issues or technical ability, an important limitation to carry this out is the unawareness of administrative procedures necessary for it. Commonly, many dentists dare to keep into the business despite not complying with all the necessary procedures, which makes them susceptible to administrative sanctions. The objective of this work is to enunciate and describe the basic requirements for opening a dental service offi ce within Mexican territory. After a review of current legislation and regulation in the Mexican Republic, the procedures performed in four public agencies are listed: The Tax Administration Service (SAT), health regulation, civil protection, and local government. It should be noted that this information is off ered under certain considerations, highlighting that data presented is done in a generic way, since this may vary according to guidelines from local government of each federative entity. It is concluded that compliance with these requirements is the fi rst step for the proper functioning of our business, which helps avoid the corresponding sanctions and disrepute of the private practice (AU)


Assuntos
Administração Sanitária/legislação & jurisprudência , Credenciamento , Proteção Civil , Consultórios Odontológicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Legislação Odontológica , Administração da Prática Odontológica/legislação & jurisprudência , Responsabilidade Civil , México
13.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 150(2): 130-139.e4, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the principal underlying cause of a dramatic increase in oropharyngeal cancer. Dentistry can play an important role in developing clinical algorithms for secondary prevention. METHODS: The authors conducted this cross-sectional pilot study with practices of The National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. The authors evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of screening and testing procedures as judged by practitioners and patients. The authors used tablet devices for patient screening, obtaining consent, and administering a confidential oral HPV risk factor survey. RESULTS: Most patients (85%) were comfortable being asked about their cigarette use and their sexual behavior (69%) and were interested in participating again (79%). More than 90% of practitioners were comfortable with study procedures except the extra time required for patient participation (75% comfortable). There were no problems with oral rinse collection as reported by patients or practitioners. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible in community dental offices to collect oral rinses for HPV detection and to ask patients explicit questions about sexual history when using a tablet device for confidentiality. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Discussing high-risk types of HPV and appropriately assessing that risk are a challenge for oral health care professionals. These results are positive from a research perspective but do not address the advisability of routine HPV screening in dentistry.


Assuntos
Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Estudos Transversais , Consultórios Odontológicos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Fatores de Risco
14.
Dent Clin North Am ; 63(1): 1-16, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447786

RESUMO

Constructing an evidence-based dental practice requires leadership, commitment, technology support, and time, as well as skill practice in searching, appraising, and organizing evidence. In mastering the skills of evidence-based dentistry, clinicians can implement high-quality science into practice through a variety of opportunities including the development of clinical care guidelines, procedural technique protocols, and electronic dental record auto-note templates, as well as treatment planning, care prioritization, and case presentation. The benefits of building an evidence-based dental practice are many, including improvements in patient care and satisfaction, increased treatment predictability and confidence in care approaches, as well as potential cost savings.


Assuntos
Registros Odontológicos/normas , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/normas , Redução de Custos , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Consultórios Odontológicos , Recursos Humanos em Odontologia , Educação em Odontologia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Humanos , Internet , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Administração da Prática Odontológica , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Sociedades Odontológicas
15.
Dent Clin North Am ; 63(1): 83-95, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447794

RESUMO

Oral medicine is "the discipline of dentistry concerned with the oral health care of medically complex patients, including the diagnosis and primarily nonsurgical treatment and/or management of medically related conditions affecting the oral and maxillofacial region." In each of these areas, evidence-based medicine has shaped theoretic understanding and clinical practice. The available evidence allows for improved patient management. Further evidence, as it becomes available, should be reviewed on a regular basis to guide our clinical practice.


Assuntos
Odontologia Baseada em Evidências/normas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Medicina Bucal/normas , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/normas , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Assistência Odontológica , Consultórios Odontológicos , Dor Facial , Humanos , Boca , Doenças da Boca , Saúde Bucal , Doenças das Glândulas Salivares
17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 22(1): 9-16, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-986553

RESUMO

Objective: There is a great concern with biosafety nowadays, given the knowledge of diseases and potential complications in health practice. In this context, this review aims to provide information capable of improving good health practices and consequent minimization of operational risks in dental practice. Material and Methods: A review of biosafety literature was carried out covering the last seven years considering the health descriptors: "odontologia" and "biossegurança" / "Contenção de Riscos Biológicos" in the following Databases: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde - BVS (Virtual Health Library); Bibliografia Brasileira de Odontologia - BBO (- Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry ) and Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde ­ LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences); and with the descriptors "dentistry" and "biosecurity" / "Containment of Biohazards" in the Databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE), US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health Search (PubMed) and SCOPUS. Results: There were found 33 articles that met the criteria established for this research. Conclusion: From the literature, it is concluded that the evaluation of procedures, knowledge and constant study, the improvement of procedures and joint action of all staff is of fundamental importance so that health improvement can go beyond health care and the resolution of a specific problem (AU)


Objetivo: Atualmente existe uma grande preocupação com a biossegurança, devido ao conhecimento das doenças e das potenciais complicações na prática de saúde. Nesse contexto, esta revisão tem como objetivo fornecer informações capazes de melhorar as boas práticas de saúde e consequente minimização dos riscos operacionais na prática odontológica. Material e métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura sobre biossegurança, abrangendo os últimos sete anos, considerando os descritores de saúde: "Odontologia" e "Biossegurança" / "Contenção de Riscos Biológicos" nas seguintes Bases de Dados: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde - BVS; Bibliografia Brasileira de Odontologia - BBO (Literatura Brasileira de Odontologia) e Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde - LILACS (Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde); e com os descritores "Odontologia" e "Biossegurança" / "Contenção de Riscos Biológicos" nas Bases de Dados: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE), National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health Search (PubMed) e SCOPUS. Resultados: Foram encontrados 33 artigos que atenderam aos critérios estabelecidos para esta pesquisa. Conclusão: A partir da literatura, concluise que a avaliação de procedimentos, conhecimento e estudo constante, a melhoria dos procedimentos e a ação conjunta de todos os funcionários é de fundamental importância para que a melhoria da saúde possa ir além dos cuidados de saúde e a resolução de um problema específico (AU)


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Consultórios Odontológicos , Odontologia
18.
Full dent. sci ; 10(38): 106-111, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-996552

RESUMO

Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar os métodos de esterilização utilizados pelos cirurgiões dentistas, observando se fazem o uso de indicadores que verificam a eficácia da esterilização, quais indicadores são empregados e com que frequência. Cinquenta cirurgiões dentistas participaram da pesquisa, respondendo a um questionário com perguntas abordando aspectos sobre a forma de esterilização realizada no local onde o profissional atua. O método de esterilização mais utilizado foi a autoclave. Apenas 44,9% dos entrevistados souberam responder a correta relação tempo/temperatura da autoclave, e metade dos que utilizavam estufa respondeu de forma errônea. 96% dos profissionais fazem uso de algum indicador de verificação de eficácia de esterilização. O indicador mais utilizado foi a fita adesiva externa, empregada diariamente. O meio biológico é pouco utilizado e numa frequência inadequada. A maioria dos entrevistados faz descontaminação do instrumental com lavagem com água e detergente e acondicionamento em papel grau cirúrgico. As respostas obtidas nesta pesquisa indicam que há necessidade de maior conscientização por parte dos profissionais em relação à sua responsabilidade no controle de infecção, sendo necessária uma busca maior por conhecimento em relação às formas de esterilização e o uso de indicadores para verificação de eficácia (AU).


The aim of this study was to analyze the sterilization methods used by dentists, observing if they use indicators that verify the effectiveness of sterilization, which are the indicators and how often are they used. Fifty dentists participated of the survey, answering a questionnaire with questions about aspects of form of sterilization carried out at the place where the professional woks. The most widely used sterilization method was the autoclave. Only 44.9% of those interviewed could answer the correct relation of autoclave time/temperature and half of those that used ovens answered wrongly. 96% of professionals make use of some sterilization effectiveness check indicator. The most widely used indicator was the external tape used daily. The biological indicator is underutilized and in an inadequate frequency. Most of the dentists interviewed perform decontamination of instruments washing with water and detergent and packaging in surgical grade paper. The answers obtained in this study indicate that there is need of greater awareness from professionals in relation to their responsibility to control infection, requiring a greater search of knowledge about ways of sterilization and the use of indicators for efficacy verification (AU).


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Esterilização/métodos , Eficácia/métodos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Consultórios Odontológicos , Brasil , Instrumentos Odontológicos
19.
Indian J Dent Res ; 29(5): 551-555, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409931

RESUMO

Background: Medical emergencies are likely to occur in dental offices due to the use of anesthetics, anxiety, and systemic complications of the patient. Since such emergencies are life threatening in many cases, preparedness of the dentist is highly required. Aims: This study was carried out to evaluate the dentists' knowledge and attitude regarding diagnosis and treatment of medical emergencies in dental offices in Shiraz, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 150 general dentists in Shiraz with at least 5 years since graduation in 2015. They were asked to complete a validated questionnaire including the dentists' demographic information and inquiries about their performance and knowledge in emergency situations. Statistical Analysis Used: Independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used in this study. Results: According to the inclusion criteria, 105 dentists participated in the study. The mean knowledge and attitude of the dentists was estimated 4.98 (±1.50) out of 10. No significant correlation was detected between age, sex, number of patients per day, and working hours with the knowledge of managing an emergency situation (P > 0.05). Out of the number of studied dentists, 49% had attended training workshops and 90% called for re-attending a workshop. The knowledge score of those who had participated in workshops was significantly higher than those who had not (P = 0.016). Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that the dentists' knowledge about emergency situations was average while the knowledge was higher in those who had attended emergency workshops. Thus, retraining courses and workshops must be considered more often for graduated dentists.


Assuntos
Consultórios Odontológicos , Odontólogos/psicologia , Educação Continuada em Odontologia/métodos , Educação , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD007447, 2018 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30380139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effective oral hygiene measures carried out on a regular basis are vital to maintain good oral health. One-to-one oral hygiene advice (OHA) within the dental setting is often provided as a means to motivate individuals and to help achieve improved levels of oral health. However, it is unclear if one-to-one OHA in a dental setting is effective in improving oral health and what method(s) might be most effective and efficient. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of one-to-one OHA, provided by a member of the dental team within the dental setting, on patients' oral health, hygiene, behaviour, and attitudes compared to no advice or advice in a different format. SEARCH METHODS: Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 10 November 2017); the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2017, Issue 10) in the Cochrane Library (searched 10 November 2017); MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 10 November 2017); and Embase Ovid (1980 to 10 November 2017). The US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were also searched for ongoing trials (10 November 2017). No restrictions were placed on the language or date of publication when searching the electronic databases. Reference lists of relevant articles and previously published systematic reviews were handsearched. The authors of eligible trials were contacted, where feasible, to identify any unpublished work. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials assessing the effects of one-to-one OHA delivered by a dental care professional in a dental care setting with a minimum of 8 weeks follow-up. We included healthy participants or participants who had a well-defined medical condition. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: At least two review authors carried out selection of studies, data extraction and risk of bias independently and in duplicate. Consensus was achieved by discussion, or involvement of a third review author if required. MAIN RESULTS: Nineteen studies met the criteria for inclusion in the review with data available for a total of 4232 participants. The included studies reported a wide variety of interventions, study populations, clinical outcomes and outcome measures. There was substantial clinical heterogeneity amongst the studies and it was not deemed appropriate to pool data in a meta-analysis. We summarised data by categorising similar interventions into comparison groups.Comparison 1: Any form of one-to-one OHA versus no OHAFour studies compared any form of one-to-one OHA versus no OHA.Two studies reported the outcome of gingivitis. Although one small study had contradictory results at 3 months and 6 months, the other study showed very low-quality evidence of a benefit for OHA at all time points (very low-quality evidence).The same two studies reported the outcome of plaque. There was low-quality evidence that these interventions showed a benefit for OHA in plaque reduction at all time points.Two studies reported the outcome of dental caries at 6 months and 12 months respectively. There was very low-quality evidence of a benefit for OHA at 12 months.Comparison 2: Personalised one-to-one OHA versus routine one-to-one OHAFour studies compared personalised OHA versus routine OHA.There was little evidence available that any of these interventions demonstrated a difference on the outcomes of gingivitis, plaque or dental caries (very low quality).Comparison 3: Self-management versus professional OHAFive trials compared some form of self-management with some form of professional OHA.There was little evidence available that any of these interventions demonstrated a difference on the outcomes of gingivitis or plaque (very low quality). None of the studies measured dental caries.Comparison 4: Enhanced one-to-one OHA versus one-to-one OHASeven trials compared some form of enhanced OHA with some form of routine OHA.There was little evidence available that any of these interventions demonstrated a difference on the outcomes of gingivitis, plaque or dental caries (very low quality). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There was insufficient high-quality evidence to recommend any specific one-to-one OHA method as being effective in improving oral health or being more effective than any other method. Further high-quality randomised controlled trials are required to determine the most effective, efficient method of one-to-one OHA for oral health maintenance and improvement. The design of such trials should be cognisant of the limitations of the available evidence presented in this Cochrane Review.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal/educação , Adulto , Criança , Assistência Odontológica , Consultórios Odontológicos , Humanos , Higiene Bucal/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Autocuidado
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