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1.
BMJ Open ; 12(12): e060222, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456003

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Optimal collaboration between general practice and hospital care is crucial to maintain affordable and sustainable access to healthcare for the entire population. General practitioners (GPs) are the gatekeepers to specialist care and patients will visit hospitals mostly only after referral. However, a substantial part of these referrals may be inappropriate, as communication between GPs and medical specialists can be challenging and referring patients may be the most obvious action for a GP to perform.A new digital platform (Prisma) connects GPs and specialists in interdisciplinary groups and facilitates asynchronous, accessible and fast teleconsultation within the group. No previous research has been done to evaluate the impact of this new platform on the referral rates to the hospital. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial (RCT) will be performed in Zwolle region in the Netherlands to analyse the effect of introduction of the platform on rate of inappropriate referrals to orthopaedic surgery. In four steps, GPs in the region will be given access to the platform. GPs will be part of the control condition until randomisation to the intervention. According to our sample size calculation, we need to include 18 practices with 1008 patients presenting with hip and knee symptoms. Routine care data of hospital registrations will be analysed to calculate the rate of inappropriate referrals (primary outcome). Secondary outcome are costs, primary and secondary care workload, posted cases and user satisfaction. Alongside this quantitative analysis, we will evaluate patient experience, facilitators and barriers for use of the platform. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The medical ethics review board of University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), the Netherlands (METc-number: 2021/288) has confirmed that the Medical Research Involving Human Subjects Act (WMO) does not apply to the process evaluation because the study does not involve randomisation of patients or different medical treatments (letter number: M21.275351). TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NL9704.


Assuntos
Medicina Geral , Clínicos Gerais , Consulta Remota , Humanos , Atenção Secundária à Saúde , Estudos Interdisciplinares , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(12): 4238-4243, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453323

RESUMO

Purpose: To report the demographic profile of patients registered through e-Sanjeevani OPD seeking teleophthalmology services. Methods: This was a cross-sectional data analysis of patients with ocular complaints registered through the e-Sanjeevani platform at a tertiary care center. It was a doctor-to-doctor consultation, where teleophthalmology consultants provided teleconsultation services at subcenters (SCs), primary health centers (PHCs), and community health centers (CHCs). Data regarding the patient's age, gender, residential address, provisional diagnosis, and treatment prescribed were recorded from May 2021 to February 2022 (9 months). Results: In total, 5138 patients were teleconsulted from the mean age of the patients was 37.64 ± 19.34 years. Among these patients, 44% were males and 56% were females. Most of the teleconsultation calls were made from Palwal district (19.8%), followed by Hisar (14.5%) and Sonipat. The most common provisional diagnosis was dry eyes (21%), followed by allergic conjunctivitis (18%), refractive error (15%), and cataract (14%). These constituted approximately 70% of the diagnosis made through teleconsultations. The rest of the eye problems were diagnosed as stye, blepharitis, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, pterygium, subconjunctival hemorrhage, etc., The majority of the patients were managed medically (56.6%) and approximately 11.6% of the patients were referred for surgical intervention. Conclusion: e-Sanjeevani is an effective way to provide teleconsultations to patients in remote locations. The majority of the patients seeking ophthalmology consultations can be managed conservatively. Patients requiring surgical intervention can be referred timely, thus avoiding any delay in treatment.


Assuntos
Obstrução dos Ductos Lacrimais , Ducto Nasolacrimal , Oftalmologia , Pterígio , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Demografia
3.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 76Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e20220197, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36449964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze subjective experiences related to adaptation to remote care by users with eating disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: a descriptive study with a qualitative approach conducted with users of an eating disorders outpatient clinic. A semi-structured remote interview was applied using the Google Meet application. The data were submitted to lexical analysis using ALCESTE software and discussed in the light of scientific evidence. RESULTS: the remote appointment is a positive strategy but not a substitute for the face-to-face modality. The research cited financial savings, closer contact with professionals, and flexibility of service schedules as advantages. It pointed out the difficulty in clinical evaluation concerning weight, vital signs, and poor mastery of technology as limitations. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the study induces discussion about the systematization of remote care, which, during the COVID-19 pandemic, were responsible for providing a greater sense of support to people with eating disorders.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Consulta Remota , Humanos , Pandemias , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Tecnologia
4.
Farm. hosp ; 46(Suplemento 1): 106-114, noviembre 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-JHG-1227

RESUMO

La Sociedad Española de Farmacia Hospitalaria, en su Documento de Posicionamiento sobre Telefarmacia, establece que la inclusión de pacientesdebe tener en cuenta consideraciones éticas y, por tanto, estar basada enel concepto de equidad. Por ello, establece que la Telefarmacia no deberestringirse por patologías ni medicamentos, sino en función de las necesidades individuales de cada paciente, y destaca la necesidad de apoyarseen modelos de selección o priorización que ayuden en la identificaciónde los pacientes que puedan beneficiarse de la Telefarmacia. El objetivode este artículo es presentar el “Modelo de priorización de pacientes enTelefarmacia de la Sociedad Española de Farmacia Hospitalaria”, quepretende establecer recomendaciones clave y un modelo de priorizaciónde referencia que sirva de orientación a los farmacéuticos especialistas enfarmacia hospitalaria para la identificación y priorización de pacientescandidatos a ser incluidos en programas de Telefarmacia. El modelo hasido desarrollado en base a la experiencia de un grupo de expertos en supráctica clínica y a la revisión de los principales documentos de referenciadisponibles en este ámbito y está conformado por un total de 25 criterios,agrupados en 8 criterios mínimos de inclusión, 5 criterios de continuidad y 12 criterios recomendables. Estos últimos se dividen en criterios de alta,media y baja prioridad. En función de las puntuaciones obtenidas del cumplimiento de los criterios recomendables, se establece el orden de prioridadde pacientes, de modo que aquellos que mayor puntuación obtengan seránlos más prioritarios. (AU)


The Spanish Society of Hospital Pharmacy Position Paper on Telepharmacy states that the inclusion of patients should take into account ethicalconsiderations and, therefore, be based on the concept of equity. Thus,it establishes that Telepharmacy should not be limited to specific pathologies or medicines, but should be based on the individual needs of eachpatient: it also highlights the need to rely on selection or prioritisationmodels to help identify patients who can benefit from Telepharmacy. Theaim of this article is to present the Spanish Society of Hospital PharmacyTelepharmacy Patient Prioritisation Model, which establishes key recommendations and a reference prioritisation model to guide hospital pharmacists in the identification and prioritisation of patients who are candidatesfor inclusion in Telepharmacy programmes. This model was developedbased on the experience of a group of experts in their clinical practiceas well as on a review of the main reference documents available in thisfield. It comprises 25 criteria, grouped into 8 minimum inclusion criteria,5 continuity criteria, and 12 recommended criteria. The latter criteria aredivided into high, medium, and low priority criteria. Patients are prioritisedaccording to their scores on meeting the recommended criteria, such that those with the highest scores are given the highest priority. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Farmácia , Hospitais , Consulta Remota , Pacientes , Farmacêuticos
5.
Neurol India ; 70(5): 2003-2008, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352601

RESUMO

Background: Telemedicine (TM) consultations have shown to be feasible for the management of neurological conditions including movement disorders. In contrast, satisfaction with such consultations have been less studied. Objective: To assess the satisfaction of persons with a movement disorder with a TM consultation in comparison to previous experiences in face-to-face visits. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional multicenter study was carried out. Persons with a diagnosis of a movement disorder underwent a TM consultation. After the consultation concluded, a satisfaction survey was sent for the subject to fill out anonymously. The survey included ease of use-related items, setup-related items, and quality-of-service-related items. Results: A total of 175 survey responses were received (response rate of 71.4%), all of which were included for analysis. A total of 102 subjects considered that the TM consultation involved much less time in comparison to their previous experience with face-to-face visits. Overall, 96% reported to be satisfied with the consultation. In addition, 92% were satisfied or very satisfied with the neurologist ability to communicate recommendations. Furthermore, 93.7% indicated that the consultation was valuable, and 90.9% considered that they would recommend teleconsultation to another patient. Conclusion: Patients with a diagnosis of a movement disorder consider TM as a convenient and potential tool for health services with a high level of satisfaction.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Tremor Essencial , Transtornos Parkinsonianos , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Humanos , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudos Transversais , Tremor Essencial/diagnóstico , Tremor Essencial/terapia , Seguimentos , Satisfação do Paciente , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/terapia
6.
Can Respir J ; 2022: 2423272, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353446

RESUMO

Introduction: This study assesses the impact of an electronic physician-to-physician consultation program on the waiting list and the costs of a Pulmonology Unit. Materials and Methods: A prepost intervention study was conducted after a new ambulatory pulmonary care protocol was implemented and the capacity of the unit was adopted. In the new model, physicians at all levels of healthcare send electronic consultations to specialists. Results: In the preintervention year (2019), the Unit of Pulmonology attended 7,055 consultations (466 e-consultations and 6,589 first face-to-face visits), which decreased to 6,157 (3,934 e-consultations and 2,223 first face-to-face visits; 12.7% reduction) in the postintervention year (all were e-consultations). The mean wait time for the first appointment was 25.7 days in 2019 versus 3.2 days in 2021 (p < 0.001). In total, 43.5% of cases were solved via physician-to-physiciane-consultation. A total of 2,223 patients needed a face-to-face visit, with a mean wait time of 7.5 days. The mean of patients in the waiting listing decreased from 450.8 in 2019 to 44.8 in 2021 (90% reduction). The annual time devoted to e-consultations and first face-to-face visits following an e-consultation diminished significantly after the intervention (1,724 hours versus 2,312.8; 25.4% reduction). Each query solved via e-consultation represented a saving of €652.8, resulting in a total annual saving of €827,062. Conclusions: Physician-to-physiciane-consultations reduce waiting times, improve access of complex patients to specialty care, and ensure that cases are managed at the appropriate level. E-consultation reduces costs, which benefits both, society and the healthcare system.


Assuntos
Médicos , Pneumologia , Consulta Remota , Humanos , Consulta Remota/métodos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Eletrônica
7.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 68(10): 1376-1382, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize teleconsultations in neurology executed by Regula+Brasil project in Recife, a capital city in northeastern Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive study carried out by four private hospitals, in a partnership with the Ministry of Health in Brazil. Teleconsultation was performed preferably in the video modality. Conditions eligible for teleconsultation were headache, epilepsy, and cerebrovascular disorders. Period of analysis was May to September 2020. RESULTS: A total of 243 teleconsultations were analyzed, of which 76.95% was a first appointment. In 48.97% of cases, the teleconsultation represented the first opportunity for the patient to be consulted with the specialist. Among cases of first appointment, 20.16% were further referred to a face-to-face consultation and 21.81% could be redirected to primary health care. Headache disorders were the most predominant clinical conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation and development of telemedicine by Regula+Brasil during the COVID-19 pandemic represented an opportunity to assess the value of having teleconsultations added along the line of care from primary care to a medical specialty, promoting the coordination of care across different levels of complexity of care in the health system and improving access to specialized care.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neurologia , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Humanos , Pandemias
9.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(12): 9869-9875, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243814

RESUMO

PURPOSE: During the COVID-19 pandemic, teleconsultations have increasingly been used to reduce physical contact and thus risk of infection. This study investigated how patients with cancer experienced the COVID-19 pandemic and how they perceived the change from in-person consultations to telephone consultations in an oncology outpatient clinic. The aim was to provide insights that could optimize the future use of teleconsultations in cancer care. METHODS: This qualitative study included 15 patients with colorectal, breast, gynecological, lung, or prostate cancer treated at the outpatient clinic at the Department of Clinical Oncology and Palliative Care, Zealand University Hospital, Denmark in June or July 2020. Data were collected through semi-structured individual interviews and analyzed by thematic analysis. RESULTS: Patients with cancer experienced social, psychological, and organizational consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic related to their cancer care. Not all patients were comfortable with telephone consultations. Six themes were identified: (1) double burden as a consequence of simultaneous cancer and the COVID-19 pandemic, (2) parameters for patient satisfaction with telephone consultations, (3) the importance of relatives attending consultations, (4) loss of information and nuances during telephone consultations, (5) the impact of physicians' language and communicative skills during telephone consultations, and (6) patients' suggestions for future telephone consultations. CONCLUSION: Beyond the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important that hospitals offering teleconsultations involve patients' preferences, consider for which patients and consultations the solution is suitable, which technology to use, how to prepare patients and relatives, and how to provide physicians with the necessary communicative skills.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Neoplasias , Consulta Remota , Masculino , Humanos , Pandemias , Telefone , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia
10.
Int J Med Inform ; 168: 104867, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated efforts to deploy and regulate medical teleconsultation in Brazil. Studying the Brazilian Unified Public Health System (SUS) experiences in implementing teleconsultations can help to inform their sustainability. This study identifies the changes required to integrate specialized teleconsultation in local workflows in SUS. METHODS: A case study of teleconsultation performed by a University Hospital and a Municipal Specialty Outpatient Clinic in the south of Brazil collected information from two focus groups with specialised doctors, two key informant interviews and associated documents. The Non-adoption, Abandonment, Scale-up, Spread, and Sustainability (NASSS) framework domains of condition, technology, proposal value, users and organization informed a qualitative thematic analysis of this data. RESULTS: Several forms of teleconsultation were used to manage paediatrics and endocrine conditions including instant messaging, WhatsApp, telephone calls and video consultations which were also used for dermatology. In Brazil, telephone interactions are not considered teleconsultation. In contrast, video consultations were longer than face-to-face appointments, facilitate the understanding and evaluation of conditions, and offered continuity of care, comfort, and safety, without the need for patients to travel, reducing the risk of infection. Patients accepted video consultations to varying degrees but some found it difficult to use the technology. The willingness of doctors to provide any form of teleconsultation was important. Management support was key to defining workflows, coordinating care pathways, and providing technical support. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights particularities of teleconsultation uptake for the included specialities. The NASSS framework provides a useful means of identifying the changes to enable teleconsultation continuity for specialised care in SUS.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Consulta Remota , Humanos , Criança , Pandemias , Brasil , Pessoal de Saúde
11.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 80(9): 914-921, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine for patients with parkinsonism is feasible, cost-effective and satisfactory. However, the feasibility of this modality of care for this subpopulation is not known in real-life scenarios of developing countries like Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of telemedicine for patients with parkinsonism in a developing country. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with patients with parkinsonism treated in the Brazilian public healthcare system. We included 130 patients, who were contacted by telephone; those who could be reached underwent a structured interview for data collection. The primary outcomes were the feasibility of teleconsultations and video consultations, but we also performed a logistic regression regarding the feasibility of a video consultation and associated factors. RESULTS: Telemedicine was feasible and accepted by 69 (53.08%) patients regarding teleconsultations and by 50 (38.5%) patients regarding video consultations. Teleconsultations were feasible for 80.2%, and video consultations were feasible for 58.1% of the patients reachable through telephone calls. Having a higher family income was positively correlated with the feasibility for a video consultation while a negative association was observed regarding being married or in a stable union and having a low level of schooling. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of patients with parkinsonism in a developing country are unreachable, unwilling, or unable to participate in telemedicine. Among the reachable patients, feasibility is higher but still lower than what is reported in studies in developed countries. Family income, level of schooling, and marital status were associated with the feasibility of video consultations.


ANTECEDENTES: A telemedicina para pacientes com parkinsonismo é viável, econômica e satisfatória. No entanto, a viabilidade dessa modalidade de atendimento para essa subpopulação não é conhecida no cenário da vida real de países em desenvolvimento como o Brasil. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a viabilidade da telemedicina para pacientes com parkinsonismo em um país em desenvolvimento. MéTODOS: Estudo transversal com pacientes com parkinsonismo atendidos na rede pública de saúde brasileira. Foram incluídos 130 pacientes, que foram contatados por telefone; os que responderam foram submetidos a uma entrevista estruturada para coleta de dados. Os resultados primários foram a viabilidade para teleconsultas e videoconsultas, mas também foi realizada uma regressão logística entre a viabilidade de uma videoconsulta e fatores associados. RESULTADOS: A participação em telemedicina era possível ou consentida por 69 (53,08%) dos pacientes com relação a teleconsultas, e por 50 (38,5%) com relação a videoconsultas. As teleconsultas e videoconsultas eram viáveis para 80,2% e 58,1% dos pacientes acessíveis por telefone, respectivamente. Uma maior renda familiar foi positivamente correlacionada com a viabilidade de uma videoconsulta, enquanto uma associação negativa foi observada com relação a ser casado ou estar em união estável e ter baixo grau de escolaridade. CONCLUSõES: Uma proporção significativa de pacientes com parkinsonismo em um país em desenvolvimento é inacessível, não quer, ou não pode participar da telemedicina. Entre os pacientes contatáveis, a viabilidade é maior, mas ainda menor do que a relatada em estudos em países desenvolvidos. Renda familiar, escolaridade e estado civil foram associados à viabilidade das videoconsultas.


Assuntos
Transtornos Parkinsonianos , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Humanos , Brasil , Estudos de Viabilidade , Saúde Pública , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos Parkinsonianos/terapia
12.
Br J Gen Pract ; 72(725): e907-e915, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36192357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Following a large-scale, pandemic-driven shift to remote consulting in UK general practice in 2020, 2021 saw a partial return to in-person consultations. This occurred in the context of extreme workload pressures because of backlogs, staff shortages, and task shifting. AIM: To study media depictions of remote consultations in UK general practice at a time of system stress. DESIGN AND SETTING: Thematic analysis of national newspaper articles about remote GP consultations from two time periods: 13-26 May 2021, following an NHS England letter, and 14-27 October 2021, following a government-backed directive, both stipulating a return to in-person consulting. METHOD: Articles were identified through, and retrieved from, LexisNexis. A coding system of themes and narrative devices was developed iteratively to inform data analysis. RESULTS: In total, 25 articles reported on the letter and 75 on the directive. Newspaper coverage of remote consulting was strikingly negative. The right-leaning press in particular praised the return to in-person consultations, depicting remote care as creating access barriers and compromising safety. Two newspapers led national campaigns pressuring the government to require GPs to offer in-person consultations. GPs were quoted as reluctant to return to an 'in-person by default' service (as it would further pressurise a system already close to breaking point). CONCLUSION: Remote consultations have become associated in the media with poor practice. Some newspapers were actively leading the 'war' on general practice rather than merely reporting on it. Proactive dialogue between practitioners and the media might help minimise polarisation and improve perceptions around general practice.


Assuntos
Medicina Geral , Consulta Remota , Humanos , Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Carga de Trabalho , Inglaterra
13.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(10): e38267, 2022 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36287609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is becoming routine in health care. Postpandemic, a universal return to face-to-face consultations may risk a loss of some of the advantages of telemedicine. However, rapid implementation and adoption without robust evaluation of usability, efficacy, and effectiveness could potentially lead to suboptimal health outcomes and downstream challenges to providers. OBJECTIVE: This review assesses telemedicine interventions against international guidance and sufficiency of evidence to support postpandemic utilization in pediatric settings. METHODS: This scoping review was performed following searches on PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL databases on April 15, 2021, and May 31, 2022, and examined studies focused on telemedicine, remote consultation, video call, or remote patient monitoring in children (0-18 years) receiving outpatient care for diabetes, asthma, epilepsy, or renal disease. Exclusion criteria included studies published before 2011 as the technologies used have likely been improved or replaced, studies in adult populations or where it was not possible to disaggregate data for participants younger than 18 years as the focus of the review was on pediatric care, and studies not published in English. Data were extracted by 4 authors, and the data were corroborated by a second reviewer. Studies were examined for feasibility and usability, clinical and process outcomes, and cost-effectiveness. RESULTS: Of the 3158 studies identified, 56 were suitable for final inclusion and analysis. Data on feasibility or usability of interventions (48 studies) were overwhelmingly positive in support of telemedicine interventions, with common themes including convenience, perceived cost savings, and ease of use. However, use in preference to usual care was rarely explored. Clinical and process outcome data (31 studies) were mostly positive. Across all studies, there was limited measurement of standardized clinical outcomes, although these were more commonly reported in asthma (peak flow) and diabetes (glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c]). Implementation science data generally supported cost-effectiveness of telemedicine with a reduction of health care costs. CONCLUSIONS: There is promising evidence supporting telemedicine in pediatric settings. However, there is a lack of evaluation of telemedicine in comparison with usual outpatient care for noninferiority of clinical outcomes, and this review highlights the need for a more standardized approach to evaluation of digital interventions.


Assuntos
Asma , Diabetes Mellitus , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Asma/terapia
14.
Rural Remote Health ; 22(4): 7196, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260933

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Remote consultations help reduce contact between people and prevent cross-contamination. Little is known about the changes in consultation in European rural primary care during the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. The purpose of this mixed-methods cross-sectional study was to find out more about the effects of the pandemic on changes in patient consultations in European rural primary care. METHODS: A key informant survey from 16 member countries of the European Rural and Isolated Practitioners Association (EURIPA) was undertaken using a self-developed questionnaire. The steering committee of this project, called EURIPA Covid-19 study, developed a semi-structured questionnaire with 68 questions, 21 of which included free-text comments. Proportions were calculated for dichotomized or categorized data, and means were calculated for continuous data. Multivariate analysis by logistic regression model was used to assess the association of multiple variables. RESULTS: A total of 406 questionnaires from primary care providers (PCPs) in 16 European countries were collected; 245 respondents (60.5%) were females, 152 PCPs were rural (37.5%), 124 semi-rural (30.5%). Mean age of the respondents was 45.9 years (standard deviation (SD) 11.30) while mean seniority (length of experience) was 18.2 years (SD 11.6). A total of 381 (93.8%) respondents were medical doctors. Significant differences were found between countries in adopting alternative arrangements to face-to-face consultation: remote teleconsultation is well appreciated by both healthcare professionals and patients, but the most common way of remote consultation remains telephone consultation. A factor significantly inversely associated with the adoption of video consultation was the seniority of the PCP (odds ratio 1.19, 95% confidence interval 1.02-1.40, p=0.03). CONCLUSION: Telephone consultation is the most common form of remote consultation. The adoption of video-consultation is inversely related to the seniority of the informants.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Transversais , Telefone , Telemedicina/métodos
15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 298: 142-146, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36073473

RESUMO

Teleconsultation has become a new means of using care which has taken off significantly since the COVID crisis, The pooling of the technological environment within the TC makes it possible to set up practice reviews by reusing the data collected. Our aim was to evaluate the relevance of antibiotic therapy during teleconsultations carried out on the national teleconsultation platform "Qare" in 4 common infections. 143,428 TCs with structured prescriptions were analyzed, with an appropriate prescription in more than 82% of cases, higher than in the literature. The use of data makes it possible to quickly assess practices and inform doctors to improve their practices.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Médicos , Consulta Remota , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Prescrições
16.
Dermatologie (Heidelb) ; 73(11): 859-865, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36149473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With increasing shortage of medical personnel also in the medical care in German correctional facilities, telemedicine has been used since 2016, initially in projects and then for regular medical care. Since 2019, there is the possibility of dermatological expertise in regular video consultations. OBJECTIVE: The benefits of an interdisciplinary online consultation with video and store and forward technology for dermatological issues are highlighted in terms of efficiency and feasibility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive analysis of 450 dermatological video consultations for German correctional facilities from February 2020 to July 2022 was carried out with respect to procedures, indications and demand. RESULTS: Requests were made via a standardised form with optional photographs, which were sent via a secure cloud to the dermatology department in store and forward mode. The majority of cases could be presented live in a regular weekly video consultation and only single cases required an acute presentation within 24 h. The spectrum of skin diseases was comparable to cases presenting to a dermatology outpatient clinic. The interdisciplinary consultation management together with colleagues from general medicine enabled the transfer of the cases to the medical personnel at the correctional facility on site for follow-up and further medical procedures. Treatment could be started in all cases without delay. CONCLUSION: Teledermatology represents an important contribution to medical care in German correctional facilities and the interdisciplinary cooperation saves time and resources in the presentation and treatment of skin diseases.


Assuntos
Dermatologia , Consulta Remota , Dermatopatias , Telemedicina , Humanos , Dermatologia/métodos , Prisões , Consulta Remota/métodos , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Telemedicina/métodos
17.
Int J Med Inform ; 167: 104861, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Long-term care combined with complex follow-up processes is among the essential needs of lung transplantation. Therefore, Telemedicine-based strategies can provide an effective approach for both patients and clinicians by applying remote patient monitoring. Hence, the main objective of this study was to investigate Telemedicine and telehealth usage in lung transplantation. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted in four databases using keywords. Eligible studies were all English papers that developed Telemedicine-based programs to enhance patient care in lung organ transplantation. The interventions were analyzed analysis to determine the main descriptive areas. The quality of the included articles was evaluated using Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) tool by two authors. RESULTS: Of the 261 retrieved articles, 27 met our inclusion criteria. Of these, 22 studies were devoted to the post-transplantation phase. All articles were published from 2002 to 2021 and the trend of publications has increased in recent years. Most of the studies were conducted in the United States and Canada. All eligible studies can be categorized into five types of Telemedicine interventions, 15 (55.56%) articles devoted to Telemonitoring, four (14.81%) for Teleconsultation, four (14.81%) articles for Telerehabilitation, three (11.11%) articles for Telespirometery, and one (3.70%) article were done regarding Tele-education. CONCLUSION: This integrated review provides researchers with a new understanding of Telemedicine-based care solutions. Findings show that remote patient care in lung transplantation includes various aspects, especially self-care improvement.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pulmão , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Telemedicina/métodos , Estados Unidos
18.
Trials ; 23(1): 814, 2022 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36167557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing life expectancy is associated with a growing number of people living in nursing homes, while the availability of outpatient medical care, especially from family doctors, is stagnating in this sector. Consequently, numerous and often avoidable, low-threshold hospitalizations of nursing home residents are observed. This results in unnecessary use of resources such as emergency services and emergency rooms as well as in potential health risks to the nursing home residents related to hospitalization. This study aims to improve this healthcare gap by implementing an intersectoral telemedicine approach. METHODS: Twenty-five nursing homes are participating and provided with telemedical equipment to perform teleconsultations. Additionally, an early warning system and a digital patient record system are implemented. Telephysicians based at RWTH Aachen University Hospital are ready to support the nursing homes around the clock if the family doctor or an emergency service practice is not available in time. Mobile non-physician practice assistants from the telemedicine centre can be dispatched to perform delegable medical activities. General practitioners and the medical emergency practices also have access to the telemedical infrastructure and the non-physician practice assistants. DISCUSSION: Optimal@NRW adds a telemedicine component to standard care - combining elements of outpatient and inpatient health care as well as emergency service practices - to enable timely medical consultation for nursing home residents in case of the development of an acute medical condition. In addition to optimized medical care, the goal is to reduce unnecessary hospital admissions. The intersectoral approach allows for the appropriate use of resources to match the individually needed medical treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04879537 . Registered on May 10, 2021.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150178

RESUMO

Objective: To assess user perception regarding different aspects of the telepsychiatry process.Methods: This cross-sectional survey study was conducted between July and September 2020 with follow-up patients attending teleconsultation at a tertiary care center (N = 108). The online survey included questions about the user's experience such as the appointment process and different aspects of teleconsultation, as well as perceived benefits, difficulties experienced, and suggestions for improvement. The sociodemographic and clinical data were retrieved from the electronic record.Results: The majority of patients expressed satisfaction with teleconsultation. The patients who were living far from the center (> 100 km) and those with psychotic illness favored telepsychiatry. Patients with nonpsychotic illnesses reported significantly less satisfaction with counseling in teleconsultation.Conclusions: The findings substantiate the acceptance of telepsychiatry services and emphasize the need for a tailor-made hybrid form of consultation as per the patient's profile.


Assuntos
Psiquiatria , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente , Percepção , Telefone
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141806

RESUMO

Teleconsultation has become one of the most important and sometimes the only possible forms of communication between healthcare professionals (HCPs) and their patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. The perceptions and attitudes of HCPs to teleconsultations may affect the quality of the therapeutic process provided using them. Therefore, this study aimed to understand the attitudes to and perceptions of medical teleconsultation among various HCPs during the COVID-19 pandemic. We analyzed data from a dedicated questionnaire on preferences, attitudes, and opinions about teleconsultation, which was filled by 780 Polish HCPs. Most of the HCPs were doctors and nurses (69% and 19%, respectively); most of the doctors were family physicians (50.1%). During the pandemic, teleconsultation and face-to-face contact were reported as the preferred methods of providing medical services with similar frequency. Doctors and nurses displayed the most positive attitude toward teleconsultation while the paramedics and physiotherapists took the least positive view of it. The most frequently indicated ratio of the optimal number of teleconsultations to in-person visits in primary health facilities care was 20%:80%. Most HCPs appreciate the value of teleconsultation, and more than half of them are willing to continue this form of communication with the patient when necessary or desirable.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Consulta Remota , Atitude , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Percepção
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