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1.
Talanta ; 235: 122770, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517628

RESUMO

2D materials with attractive optical properties are promising for individualized cancer immunotherapy. Isolation, capture, and release of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are of great significance for promoting the process of early diagnosis of cancers. MXene nanosheets incorporated gelatin hydrogel offers the possibility of achieving near-infrared (NIR) light response to initiate the photothermal effect. Herein, the design and preparation of Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets-embedded thermoresponsive gelatin hydrogel membrane with NIR light-responsive for the specific capture and release of CTCs were reported. The membrane was fabricated by casting Ti3C2Tx-embedded gelatin onto a substrate and then modified with epithelial-cell adhesion-molecule antibody (anti-EpCAM) for the specific recognition and separation of CTCs from whole blood. The captured cells can be released without damage with dual-mode containing temperature-responsive release (gelatin deconstructed at 37 °C) and photothermal site-release (Ti3C2Tx induced by NIR light). Furthermore, we were able to achieve an average efficient release rate of 89 % of captured cells with stable cell viability of 87 % via the NIR light irradiation. This work may provide the promising potential for retrieval of single cells in clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Contagem de Células , Gelatina , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos
2.
Talanta ; 235: 122807, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517664

RESUMO

Conventional batch-top cell sorters are often bulky and expensive, and miniaturized microfluidic sorters available mostly require field generators and electricity-powered pumping systems. Therefore, the development of a low-cost, portable cell sorter that can be used in low resource settings is essential. In this study, we propose such an electricity-free hand-held inertial microfluidic sorter that can be used for the high-efficiency sorting of differently sized cells in a continuous and passive manner. The proposed hand-held sorter is composed of a wheel-shaped all-in-one syringe inertial microfluidic sorter (i-sorter) with flow stabilizer units and two spring-driven mechanical syringe drivers. The release of the compression spring in the mechanical syringe driver through a one-click operation provides the flow driving force. Passive flow stabilizer units in the i-sorter enable flow-rate-sensitive inertial cell separation for the unstable driving flow rate generated by the low-cost mechanical syringe driver. We successfully achieved sorting of differently sized particles and high-efficiency separation of rare tumor cells from the blood using the fabricated prototype. Our hand-held inertial microfluidic cell sorter has many advantages, including low device cost, simple electricity-free operation, compactness, and portability; additionally, samples do not need to be pre-labelled. Therefore, it has potential for use in low-resource settings.


Assuntos
Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas , Microfluídica , Contagem de Células , Separação Celular , Eletricidade , Citometria de Fluxo
3.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(237): 486-489, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508432

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a lentivirus that causes human immunodeficiency virus infection and over time, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Cluster of Differentiation 4+ T cell count of people living with this infection play a vital role to determine infection progression and necessary treatment changes. This study was conducted to find out the prevalence of low Cluster of Differentiation 4+ T Cell Count in the People Living with human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between June to August 2018 in the Human Immunodeficiency virus and Hepatitis Reference Unit of National Public Health Laboratory, Ministry of Health and Population Teku. Ethical approval was taken (Reference Number 2912) and a total of 550 seropositive cases of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 undergoing antiretroviral therapy were studied. Convenient sampling technique was used. Data was analysed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTS: Seventeen (3.1%) of patients had Cluster of Differentiation 4+ T cell counts below 100 cells/mm3 of blood. The mean Cluster of Differentiation 4+ T cell count was 509.3 cells/mm3 of blood. Of the total samples, 280 (50.9%) were males, 268 (48.7%) were females, and the rest 2 (0.4%) were of other gender. CONCLUSIONS: Majority of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome were found immune-competent.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Infecções por HIV , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Contagem de Células , Diferenciação Celular , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Laboratórios , Masculino
4.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 150: 109867, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489026

RESUMO

The main problem for submerged fermentation of filamentous fungi is the nutrition limitation with high cell density or cell leakage by the uncontrollable hyphae, clusters, or pellets. There are several techniques such as microparticle, immobilization, pH shifting, substrate limitation etc. for controlling filamentous fungi growth on submerged fermentation. In this research, FDM (Fused Deposition Modelling) based 3D printed cubes is used for growth control agent of recombinant Aspergillus sojae for the first time. Lattice structure sizes, number of cubes and pH were chosen to be main factors of fermentation in order to study the combine effect of the factors on A. sojae fermentation. The results revealed that specific activity values are improved from 2045.96 U/mg (the highest control activity) to 3291.67 U/mg with lower pellet sizes and controllable growth. FDM based 3D printed cubes was successfully controlled the recombinant Aspergillus sojae fermentation and enhanced ß-mannanase production. In addition, this research was also showed that FDM based 3D printed cubes also have the potential to be used as immobilization materials like SLS based 3D printed products in further research.


Assuntos
Fungos , Impressão Tridimensional , Aspergillus , Contagem de Células , Fermentação
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445295

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle is affected in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), which is a model of multiple sclerosis that produces changes including muscle atrophy; histological features of neurogenic involvement, and increased oxidative stress. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on the involvement of rat skeletal muscle and to compare them with those produced by natalizumab (NTZ). EAE was induced by injecting myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) into Dark Agouti rats. Both treatments, NTZ and TMS, were implemented from day 15 to day 35. Clinical severity was studied, and after sacrifice, the soleus and extensor digitorum longus muscles were extracted for subsequent histological and biochemical analysis. The treatment with TMS and NTZ had a beneficial effect on muscle involvement in the EAE model. There was a clinical improvement in functional motor deficits, atrophy was attenuated, neurogenic muscle lesions were reduced, and the level of oxidative stress biomarkers was lower in both treatment groups. Compared to NTZ, the best response was obtained with TMS for all the parameters analyzed. The myoprotective effect of TMS was higher than that of NTZ. Thus, the use of TMS may be an effective strategy to reduce muscle involvement in multiple sclerosis.


Assuntos
Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/terapia , Atrofia Muscular/prevenção & controle , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Animais , Contagem de Células , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/patologia , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/patologia , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Atrofia Muscular/fisiopatologia , Glicoproteína Mielina-Oligodendrócito , Natalizumab/farmacologia , Ratos
6.
Bioresour Technol ; 340: 125666, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352645

RESUMO

Acetate represents a promising alternative carbon source for future industrial biotechnology. In this study, the high potential of Corynebacterium glutamicum for utilizing acetate as sole carbon source was demonstrated. Batch culture studies revealed that C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 naturally exhibits high acetate tolerance with maximum growth rates (µmax = 0.47 h-1) similar to those on D-glucose. Based on a simple and auto-regulated pH-coupled feeding strategy which utilizes bio-acetic acid in pure form, a novel and high-efficient fed-batch process was developed in a 42 L stirred-tank bioreactor. By optimizing the carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) feeding ratio, maximum biomass concentrations of 80.2 gCDW/L were achieved with a space-time yield of 66.6 gCDW/L·d. In addition, a process model was implemented describing the time-courses of biomass growth and substrate concentrations. This is the first study in which an industrial platform organism was grown to high cell densities using green, lignocellulosic acetate as an alternative carbon source.


Assuntos
Corynebacterium glutamicum , Acetatos , Contagem de Células , Glucose , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lignina
7.
Water Res ; 203: 117506, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371231

RESUMO

The bacterial growth potential (BGP) of drinking water is widely assessed either by flow cytometric intact cell count (BGPICC) or adenosine triphosphate (BGPATP) based methods. Combining BGPICC and BGPATP measurements has been previously applied for various types of drinking water having high to low growth potential. However, this has not been applied for water with ultra-low nutrient content, such as remineralised RO permeate. To conduct a sound comparison, conventionally treated drinking water was included in this study, which was also used as an inoculum source. BGPICC, BGPATP, intact cell-yield (YICC), and ATP-yield (YATP) were determined for conventionally treated drinking water (Tap-water) and remineralised RO permeate (RO-water). In addition, both BGPICC and BGPATP methods were used to identify the growth-limiting nutrient in each water type. The results showed that the BGPICC ratio between Tap-water/RO-water was ∼7.5, whereas the BGPATP ratio was only ∼4.5. Moreover, the YICC ratio between Tap-water/RO-water was ∼2 (9.8 ± 0.6 × 106 vs. 4.6 ± 0.8 × 106 cells/µg-C), whereas the YATP ratio was ∼1 (0.39 ± 0.12 vs. 0.42 ± 0.06 ng ATP/µg-C), resulting in a consistently higher ATP per cell in RO-water than that of Tap-water. Both BGPICC and BGPATP methods revealed that carbon was the growth-limiting nutrient in the two types of water. However, with the addition of extra carbon, phosphate limitation was detected only with the BGPICC method, whereas BGPATP was not affected, suggesting that a combination of carbon and phosphate is essential for biomass synthesis, whereas carbon is probably utilised for cellular activities other than cell synthesis when phosphate is limited. It was estimated that the intact cell-yield growing on phosphate would be 0.70 ± 0.05 × 109 cells/µg PO4-P.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Purificação da Água , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Contagem de Células , Nutrientes , Osmose
8.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443413

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers worldwide usually treated with Tamoxifen. Tamoxifen resistance development is the most challenging issue in an initially responsive breast tumor, and mechanisms of resistance are still under investigation. The objective of this study is to develop and validate a selective, sensitive, and simultaneous high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method to explore the changes in substrates and metabolites in supernatant media of developed Tamoxifen resistance MCF-7 cells. We focus on the determination of lactate, pyruvate, and L-glutamine which enables the tracking of changes in metabolic pathways as a result of the resistance process. Chromatographic separation was achieved within 3.5 min. using a HILIC column (4.6 × 100 mm, 3.5 µm particle size) and mobile phase of 0.05 M acetic acid-ammonium acetate buffer solution pH 3.0: Acetonitrile (40:60 v/v). The linear range was 0.11-2.25, 0.012-0.227, and 0.02-0.20 mM for lactate, pyruvate, and L-glutamine, respectively. Within- and between-run accuracy was in the range 98.94-105.50% with precision (CV, %) of ≤0.86%. The results revealed a significant increase in both lactate and pyruvate production after acquiring the resistant. An increase in L-glutamine levels was also observed and could be attributed to its over production or decline in its consumption. Therefore, further tracking of genes responsible of lactate, pyruvate, and glutamine metabolic pathways should be performed in parallel to provide in-depth explanation of resistance mechanism.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Glutamina/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Calibragem , Contagem de Células , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Ácido Pirúvico/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Chem Biol Interact ; 347: 109624, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416244

RESUMO

Thiopurines, immunomodulating drugs used in the management of different chronic autoimmune conditions and as anti-leukemic agents, may exert in some cases gastrointestinal toxicity. Moreover, since these agents are administered orally, they are absorbed across the gastrointestinal tract epithelium. On these premises, cellular and molecular events occurring in intestinal cells may be important to understand thiopurine effects. However, quantitative information on the biotransformation of thiopurines in intestinal tissues is still limited. To shed light on biotransformation processes specific of the intestinal tissue, in this study thiopurine metabolites concentrations were analyzed by an in vitro model of human healthy colon, the HCEC cell line, upon exposure to cytotoxic concentrations of azathioprine or mercaptopurine; the investigation was carried out using an innovative mass spectrometry method, that allowed the simultaneous quantification of 11 mono-, di-, and triphosphate thionucleotides. Among the 11 metabolites evaluated, TIMP, TGMP, TGDP, TGTP, MeTIMP, MeTIDP and MeTITP were detectable in HCEC cells treated with azathioprine or mercaptopurine, considering two different incubation times before the addition of the drugs (4 and 48 h). Different associations between metabolites concentrations and cytotoxicity were detected. In particular, the cytotoxicity was dependent on the TGMP, TGDP, TGTP and MeTITP concentrations after the 4 h incubation before the addition of thiopurines. This may be an indication that, to study the association between thiopurine metabolite concentrations and the cytotoxicity activity in vitro, short growth times before treatment should be used. Moreover, for the first time our findings highlight the strong correlation between cytotoxicity and thiopurine pharmacokinetics in HCEC intestinal cells in vitro suggesting that these cells could be a suitable in vitro model for studying thiopurine intestinal cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos/farmacologia , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nucleotídeos de Purina/farmacologia , Tionucleotídeos/farmacologia , Antimetabólitos/farmacocinética , Antimetabólitos/toxicidade , Contagem de Células , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Nucleotídeos de Purina/farmacocinética , Nucleotídeos de Purina/toxicidade , Tionucleotídeos/farmacocinética , Tionucleotídeos/toxicidade
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429291

RESUMO

In traditional teaching, synovial fluid cell counts over 50 000/mm3 are in keeping with septic or crystalline arthritis. We report a patient with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and associated inflammatory arthritis whose synovial fluid cell count was over 80 000/mm3 This is the highest level reported in the literature, demonstrating that in the appropriate clinical context, markedly elevated synovial cell count levels over 50 000/mm3 can be caused by inflammatory conditions like AOSD. Recognition of this is crucial to avoid inappropriate antibiotics and procedures while also ensuring correct immunosuppressive treatments are offered in a timely manner.


Assuntos
Artrite , Artropatias por Cristais , Doença de Still de Início Tardio , Artrite/diagnóstico , Contagem de Células , Humanos , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/diagnóstico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/tratamento farmacológico , Líquido Sinovial
11.
Acta Chir Plast ; 63(2): 64-68, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent skin cancer worldwide, however, its metastatic spreading is extremely rare. CASE: We present a case of advanced BCC with rapid growth of new tumor lesions in a patient who was later diagnosed with Gorlin syndrome. Due to the advanced disease stage, the patient was examined for circulating tumor cells (CTCs), which are used as a prognostic marker in some metastatic malignancies. To date, no studies have been found that could assess the BCC tumor and the presence of CTCs in peripheral blood. CTCs were obtained after each surgical excision and during systemic oncological therapy from the peripheral venous blood by size-based isolation method (Metacell®) and cultured in vitro for 7 days. CTCs were enriched by size-based separation and examined using vital fluorescence microscopy. Cytomorphological comparison of CTCs with cells from the tumor lesions was provided. In the course of the treatment, the CTCs count in the blood decreased after surgical removal of the tumorous mass, but finally, the sustained and persisting decrease in CTCs was achieved with a hedgehog pathway inhibitor treatment. CONCLUSION: The detection of CTCs points a systematic disease behavior in this case.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular , Síndrome do Hamartoma Múltiplo , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Contagem de Células , Proteínas Hedgehog , Humanos
12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 607669, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234770

RESUMO

Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are the most abundant immune cells in the uterine mucosa both before and during pregnancy. Circumstantial evidence suggests they play important roles in regulating placental development but exactly how they contribute to the successful outcome of pregnancy is still unclear. Uterine ILCs (uILCs) include subsets of tissue-resident natural killer (NK) cells and ILCs, and until recently the phenotype and functions of uILCs were poorly defined. Determining the specific roles of each subset is intrinsically challenging because of the rapidly changing nature of the tissue both during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNAseq) and high dimensional flow and mass cytometry approaches have recently been used to analyse uILC populations in the uterus in both humans and mice. This detailed characterisation has significantly changed our understanding of the heterogeneity within the uILC compartment. It will also enable key clinical questions to be addressed including whether specific uILC subsets are altered in infertility, miscarriage and pregnancy disorders such as foetal growth restriction and pre-eclampsia. Here, we summarise recent advances in our understanding of the phenotypic and functional diversity of uILCs in non-pregnant endometrium and first trimester decidua, and review how these cells may contribute to successful placental development.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Linfócitos/imunologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Útero/citologia , Útero/imunologia , Animais , Contagem de Células , Citocinas/imunologia , Endométrio/citologia , Endométrio/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/classificação , Células Matadoras Naturais/fisiologia , Camundongos , Fenótipo , Gravidez
13.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(9): 10374-10381, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218919

RESUMO

Temporary cessation of milking is widely used during the dry period of dairy cows. Temporary cessation of milking induces an increase in the somatic cell count (SCC) and level of several inflammatory components of milk, which is believed to be a local adaptation and defense mechanism of the mammary gland. In Japan, temporary cessation of milking combined with antibiotic administration is widely used to treat mastitis. The present study aimed to elucidate the role of the innate immune system during temporary cessation of milking in a goat model by investigating the concentration of several innate immune components in milk during and around the temporary cessation. In experiment 1, 6 goats were subjected to cessation of milking for 3 d in both udder halves, whereas in experiment 2, 6 other goats were subjected to cessation of milking for 3 d only in 1 udder half. In experiment 1, the milk yield was lower on d 5 and 6, whereas the mean SCC was higher on d 5 compared with d 0 before temporary milking cessation. The concentrations of goat DEFB1, S100A7, cathelicidin-2 and 7 (CATHL-2 and 7), IgA, and lactoferrin were increased after temporary cessation of milking. In experiment 2, the milk yield was lower between d 5 and 7, whereas the mean SCC was higher between d 4 and 7 compared with d 0. The concentrations of CATHL-2, IgA, and lactoferrin were increased after temporary cessation of milking only in the udder half subjected to milking cessation. These results suggest that temporary cessation of milking increase the SCC and concentration of several innate immune components in milk without infection, which may contribute to mastitis treatment.


Assuntos
Lactação , Leite , Animais , Bovinos , Contagem de Células/veterinária , Indústria de Laticínios , Feminino , Cabras , Imunidade Inata , Glândulas Mamárias Animais
14.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 189(1): 63-80, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are recruited to the tumor microenvironment (TME) and are critical drivers of breast cancer (BC) malignancy. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) travel through hematogenous routes to establish metastases. CTCs circulate both individually and, more rarely, in clusters with other cell types. Clusters of CTCs have higher metastatic potential than single CTCs. Previously, we identified circulating CAFs (cCAFs) in patients with BC and found that while healthy donors had no CTCs or cCAFs, both were present in most Stage IV patients. cCAFs circulate individually, as cCAF-cCAF homotypic clusters, and in heterotypic clusters with CTCs. METHODS: In this study, we evaluate CTCs, cCAFs, and heterotypic cCAF-CTC clusters in patients with stage I-IV BC. We evaluate the association of heterotypic clusters with BC disease progression and metastasis in a spontaneous mouse model. Using previously established primary BC and CAF cell lines, we examine the metastatic propensity of heterotypic cCAF-CTC clusters in orthotopic and tail vein xenograft mouse models of BC. Using an in vitro clustering assay, we determine factors that may be involved in clustering between CAF and BC cells. RESULTS: We report that the dissemination of CTCs, cCAFs, and clusters is an early event in BC progression, and we find these clusters in all clinical stages of BC. Furthermore, cCAFs-CTC heterotypic clusters have a higher metastatic potential than homotypic CTC clusters in vivo. We also demonstrate that the adhesion and stemness marker CD44, found on a subset of CTCs and CAF cells, is  involved in heterotypic clustering of these cells. CONCLUSION: We identify a novel subset of circulating tumor cell clusters that are enriched with stromal CAF cells in BC patient blood and preclinical mouse models of BC metastasis. Our data suggest that clustering of CTCs with cCAFs augments their metastatic potential and that CD44 might be an important mediator of heterotypic clustering of cCAFs and BC cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Contagem de Células , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Metástase Neoplásica , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
Lab Chip ; 21(15): 2881-2891, 2021 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219135

RESUMO

Precise isolation and analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood samples offer considerable potential for cancer research and personalized treatment. Currently, available CTC isolation approaches remain challenging in the quest for simple strategies to achieve cell isolation with both high separation efficiency and high purity, which limits the use of captured CTCs for downstream analyses. Here, we present a filter deterministic lateral displacement concept to achieve one-step and label-free CTC isolation with high throughput. Unlike conventional deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) devices, the proposed method uses a hydrodynamic cell sorting design by incorporating a filtration concept into a DLD structure, and enables high-throughput and clog-free isolation by a cascaded microfluidic design. The cascaded filter-DLD (CFD) design demonstrated enhanced performance for size-based cell separation, and achieved high separation efficiency (>96%), high cell purity (WBC removal rate 99.995%), high cell viability (>98%) and high processing rate (1 mL min-1). Samples from lung cancer patients were analyzed using the CFD-Chip, CTCs and tumor cell-leukocyte fusion cells were efficiently collected, and changes in CTC levels were used for treatment response monitoring. The CFD-Chip platform isolated CTCs with good viability, enabling direct downstream analysis with single-cell RNA sequencing. Transcriptome analysis of enriched CTCs identified new subtypes of CTCs such as tumor cell-leukocyte fusion cells, providing insights into cancer diagnostics and therapeutics.


Assuntos
Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Contagem de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Separação Celular , Humanos , Microfluídica
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206571

RESUMO

In recent years, a large population of immature neurons has been documented in the paralaminar nucleus of the primate amygdala. A substantial fraction of these immature neurons differentiate into mature neurons during postnatal development or following selective lesion of the hippocampus. Notwithstanding a growing number of studies on the origin and fate of these immature neurons, fundamental questions about the life and death of these neurons remain. Here, we briefly summarize what is currently known about the immature neurons present in the primate ventral amygdala during development and in adulthood, as well as following selective hippocampal lesions. We provide evidence confirming that the distribution of immature neurons extends to the anterior portions of the entorhinal cortex and layer II of the perirhinal cortex. We also provide novel arguments derived from stereological estimates of the number of mature and immature neurons, which support the view that the migration of immature neurons from the lateral ventricle accompanies neuronal maturation in the primate amygdala at all ages. Finally, we propose and discuss the hypothesis that increased migration and maturation of neurons in the amygdala following hippocampal dysfunction may be linked to behavioral alterations associated with certain neurodevelopmental disorders.


Assuntos
Tonsila do Cerebelo/citologia , Diferenciação Celular , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fatores Etários , Tonsila do Cerebelo/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores , Contagem de Células , Morte Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Expressão Gênica , Hipocampo/citologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Primatas , Lobo Temporal/citologia , Lobo Temporal/metabolismo
18.
J Theor Biol ; 528: 110838, 2021 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303702

RESUMO

Cancer cells obtain mutations which rely on the production of diffusible growth factors to confer a fitness benefit. These mutations can be considered cooperative, and studied as public goods games within the framework of evolutionary game theory. The population structure, benefit function and update rule all influence the evolutionary success of cooperators. We model the evolution of cooperation in epithelial cells using the Voronoi tessellation model. Unlike traditional evolutionary graph theory, this allows us to implement global updating, for which birth and death events are spatially decoupled. We compare, for a sigmoid benefit function, the conditions for cooperation to be favoured and/or beneficial for well-mixed and structured populations. We find that when population structure is combined with global updating, cooperation is more successful than if there were local updating or the population were well-mixed. Interestingly, the qualitative behaviour for the well-mixed population and the Voronoi tessellation model is remarkably similar, but the latter case requires significantly lower incentives to ensure cooperation.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Teoria do Jogo , Evolução Biológica , Contagem de Células
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