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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17525, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593126

RESUMO

To assess the intra-individual and inter-individuals biological variation and the effect of aging on lymphocyte T-cells subsets.We assessed lymphocyte phenotypes (CD3, CD4, and CD8 T-cells) in 89 HIV-1-infected and 88 uninfected white non-Hispanic men every 6 months, to examine the biological variation for those measurements, and the average change in lymphocyte phenotype over 34 years.The markers showed significant intra-individuality in HIV-infected and uninfected individuals with index of individuality of <1.4. No mean changes were seen over the 34 years, with the exception of percentage CD4T-cells in HIV-uninfected individuals.In the pre-HAART era, HIV-infected individuals experienced an increase in mean absolute CD3 T-cell numbers (11.21 cells/µL, P = 0.02) and absolute CD8 T-cell numbers (34.57 cell/µl, P < .001), and in the percentage of CD8 T-cells (1.45%, P < .001) per year and a significant decrease in mean absolute CD4 T-cell numbers (23.68 cells/µl, P < .001) and in the percentage of CD4 T-cells (1.49%, P < .001) per year.In the post-HAART era, no changes in mean levels were observed in absolute CD3 T-cell count (P = .15) or percentage (P = .99). Significant decreases were seen in mean count (8.56 cells/µl, P < .001) and percentage (0.59%, P < .001) of CD8 T-cells, and increases in mean absolute count (10.72 cells/µl, P < .001) and percentage (0.47%, P < .001) of CD4 T-cells.With the exception of CD4 (%), no average changes per year were seen in lymphocyte phenotype of HIV-uninfected men. The results of coefficients of variation of intra and inter-individuals of this study can be useful for HIV-1 infection monitoring and in addition the observation could be a useful guide for intra- and inter-individual coefficient variations, and establishing quality goal studies of different blood biomarkers in healthy and other diseases.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/imunologia , Variação Biológica da População/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/etnologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/estatística & dados numéricos , Variação Biológica da População/etnologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Complexo CD3/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexo CD3/imunologia , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Antígenos CD4/imunologia , Antígenos CD4/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Senescência Celular/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/metabolismo , Humanos , Los Angeles/epidemiologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17176, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the use of pretreatment platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) as a prognostic marker in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: A literature search was conducted using online databases such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and WangFang. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and clinicopathological features were generated and compared. RESULTS: Ten studies that included 3388 patients were analyzed in this meta-analysis. Among them, 8 studies with 3033 patients with NPC investigated the prognostic role of PLR for OS and showed that elevated PLR was associated with poor OS (HR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.46-2.15, P < .001). Five studies that included 1156 patients investigated the role of PLR in predicting PFS, and showed that high PLR was associated with poor PFS (HR: 1.65, 95% CI: 1.26-2.17, P < .001). Moreover, high PLR correlated with the N stage (N2-3 vs N0-1; OR: 1.55, 95% CI: 1.02-2.34, P = .04). CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that high PLR is associated with worse prognosis in patients with NPC. Pretreatment PLR could serve as a simple, promising indicator for prognostic evaluation in patients with NPC.


Assuntos
Contagem de Linfócitos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Contagem de Plaquetas , Plaquetas , Humanos , Linfócitos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/sangue , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17215, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567977

RESUMO

The aim of the study is to explore whether monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) provides predictive value of the severity in patients with Klebsiella pneumonia infection (KPI).Patients in a tertiary medical center with Klebsiella pneumonia infection from 2014 to 2017 were recruited in this study. Patients with Klebsiella pneumonia infection were stratified into two groups based on the National Early Warning Score (NEWS). MLR was calculated by dividing monocytes count by lymphocytes count obtained from routine blood examination. The area under the curve (AUC) values was determined using the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The correlation between the variables was tested with Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis. Ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between MLR and the severity of Klebsiella pneumonia infection.One hundred fifty-two patients were finally enrolled for analysis. Among those, 43 (28.29%) cases had severe KPI. MLR was found to be an independent risk factor of the serious Klebsiella pneumonia infection (OR: 23.74, 95% CI: 5.41-104.11, P < .001). Besides, MLR was positively correlated with NEWS score (r = 0.57, P < .001). In the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, MLR, with an optimal cut-off value of 0.665, predicted the severe coronary lesion with a sensitivity of 79.4% and specificity of 84.4%.MLR was an independent predictor of the severe Klebsiella pneumonia infection. Compared with neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), MLR has a better performance to evaluate the severity of Klebsiella pneumonia infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Klebsiella/diagnóstico , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Monócitos , Pneumonia Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Infecções por Klebsiella/sangue , Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia , Masculino , Pneumonia Bacteriana/sangue , Pneumonia Bacteriana/microbiologia , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e16997, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574798

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the association between different lymphocyte subsets and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection status in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We performed a retrospective study among SLE patients with CMV infection and collected patient socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as their recorded circulating lymphocyte subsets. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses examined the relationship between CMV infection status and lymphocyte subset counts. We included 125 hospitalized patients with SLE, consisting of 88 with documented CMV infection and 37 without any evidence of CMV or other infections. Among the 88 CMV-infected patients, 65 (73.8%) patients developed CMV disease and 23 (26.2%) presented as CMV viremia. Compared to uninfected patients (1520 ±â€Š101 cells/µL), lymphocytes remained stable among those with CMV viremia (1305 ±â€Š272 cells/µL, P = .995). However, compared to their uninfected counterparts, there was a marked decrease in lymphocytes among patients with CMV disease (680 ±â€Š513 cells/µL, P < .001). Analysis of lymphocyte subsets via flow cytometry showed that CD4+ T cell, CD8+ T cell, and natural killer cell counts were lower among those with CMV disease compared to those with CMV viremia and those without infection. Further, multivariable analysis showed that total lymphocyte (odds ratio [OR] 0.999, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.998-1.000, P = .007) and CD4+ T cell counts (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.992-0.998, P = .003) were negatively associated with CMV disease. Our findings support a potential inverse relationship between lymphopenia, specifically CD4+ T-cell lymphopenia, and CMV disease among hospitalized SLE patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos , Viremia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfopenia/complicações , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17300, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574855

RESUMO

We investigated associations between inflammatory marker levels and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related compensated liver cirrhosis risk in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection in China. We used a case-control design and data from the records of 110 Chinese patients with CHC and cirrhosis for the study; 458 CHC patients who did not have a diagnosis of cirrhosis were matched to the case group by age and sex characteristics. We also investigated fatty liver disease risk factors. The group of patients with CHC infection and cirrhosis had lower platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values (60.63 [44.09, 89.31]) compared with the control group patients (80.24 [57.85, 111.08]). The results indicated that the group of patients with cirrhosis had higher 4-factor fibrosis index and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) values compared with the group of patients with CHC-only (1.66 [0.98, 2.60] vs 0.71 [0.45, 1.17], respectively; P < .001 and 2.12 [0.97, 4.25] vs 0.99 [0.51, 2.01], respectively; P < .001). Compared with the control group, the AST/alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR) values in the group of patients with cirrhosis were significantly higher (P < .001). Logistic regression analysis that included model adjustment for demographic characteristics and other factors that could affect cirrhosis risk revealed that greater 1/PLR values were associated with an increased odds of having cirrhosis (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.991 [0.985-0.996]); APRI and AAR values were also independent predictors of the presence of compensated cirrhosis. We found that compared with the patients with CHC-only, the triglyceride, cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the patients with both CHC and fatty liver disease were significantly higher. The multivariate analysis of the risk of fatty liver development in patients with CHC infection found that cholesterol level was a statistically significant risk factor (AOR [95% CI] 1.380 [1.089-1.750], P = .008). Increased 1/PLR, APRI, and AAR values were associated with increased risks for development of cirrhosis in this population of Chinese patients with CHC infection. Higher cholesterol levels increased the risk of development of fatty liver disease in patients with CHC.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Hepatite C Crônica , Cirrose Hepática , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico , Fígado Gorduroso/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C Crônica/sangue , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lipoproteínas/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Contagem de Linfócitos/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Fatores de Risco
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1182-1187, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the complete blood counts, namely the plateletcrit (PCT) and Platelet-To-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) of healthy subjects and those with morbid obesity in the young population. METHODS: We included 45 patients with morbid obesity (body mass index -BMI - greater than or equal to 45 kg/m2) and 45 healthy subjects (BMI less than or equal to 25 kg/m2) in our study. Blood samples were obtained from the participants following a 12-hour fasting period. Then we evaluated the levels of hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (HCT), red cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), white blood cell (WBC), PLR, platelet counts, and PCT in the complete blood count. RESULTS: The morbid obesity group had significantly higher platelet counts and PCT values (p<0.001), and PLR values (p=0.033). The value of WBC was also higher in the obese group (p=0.001). MPV was lower in the obesity group but not statistically significant (p=0.815). No significant difference was found between hemoglobin and hematocrit values in these groups; but RDW valuewere higher and statistically significant in the obese group (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: PLR or PCT may be more useful as a marker in determining an increased thrombotic state and inflammatory response in morbid obesity.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/citologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Contagem de Plaquetas , Adulto , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Estudos Transversais , Índices de Eritrócitos , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Neutrófilos/citologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5581-5588, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The utility of peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios (NLRs) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios (PLRs) as prognostic predictors of surgery and chemotherapy in breast cancer has been reported. In this study, NLRs and PLRs were calculated before treatment and during cancer progression in primary hormone receptor-positive breast cancer (HRBC) patients who chose endocrine therapy (ET) as the primary treatment, and prognostic prediction and factor analysis were performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 55 patients diagnosed with stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV HRBC who received ET as the primary treatment were included. RESULTS: Increased NLRs were found to significantly contribute to a shorter overall survival from cancer progression (OS-CP) (p=0.040, log-rank). Increased PLRs were similarly associated with a shorter OS-CP (p=0.036, log-rank). In multivariate analysis, an increased NLR was an independent prognostic factor (p=0.035, hazard ratio(HR)=5.221). CONCLUSION: Changes in NLRs and PLRs become prognostic indicators when the therapeutic effect of ET is limited.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Células Endócrinas/patologia , Linfócitos/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos/métodos , Contagem de Linfócitos/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Acta Virol ; 63(3): 333-337, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507201

RESUMO

Molluscum contagiosum is a common, self-limiting infectious disease of the skin caused by molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV). The disease primarily affects children, sexually active adults, and immunocompromised individuals. Transmission of the virus occurs by direct skin contact. Therefore, the virus is usually detected in the skin and genitals of patients. However, the diagnosis of intracranial infection by the virus is difficult if the skin/mucosa lessons are atypical or absent, and the presence of the virus in the cerebrospinal fluid has not been reported. We report a very rare case of intracranial infection by molluscum contagiosum virus. A 25-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital due to severe headache but no fever or other symptoms. Upon examination, some small flesh-colored flattened papules on both arms were noticed. Blood tests showed slightly reduced levels of CD3 and CD4 T lymphocytes. Three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D-TOF-MRA) and head magnetic resonance (MR) were both normal. Lumbar puncture was performed, and metagenomic sequencing was applied to the spinal fluid. The unique sequences of the molluscum contagiosum virus were identified in the fluid. The patient was then diagnosed with intracranial molluscum contagiosum virus infection. No special treatment was given. The headache gradually disappeared, and the patient was discharged. During our quarterly follow-up, the girl appeared normal, and her skin lesions disappeared. However, her CD3 and CD4 T lymphocyte counts were still slightly lower than the normal level. Our case shows that the application of metagenomic sequencing to cerebrospinal fluid is a sensitive and powerful means to detect pathogens causing intracranial infection. Keywords: Molluscum contagiosum; intracranial infection; metagenomics sequencing.


Assuntos
Metagenômica , Molusco Contagioso , Vírus do Molusco Contagioso , Adulto , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Molusco Contagioso/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Molusco Contagioso/diagnóstico , Molusco Contagioso/imunologia , Vírus do Molusco Contagioso/genética , Pele/virologia
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5009-5018, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Interleukin (IL)-18, which belongs to the IL-1 superfamily of cytokines, is a known interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)-inducing factor. Since IFN-γ plays an essential role in anticancer immunity mediated through cytotoxic T cells, IL-18 may also contribute to the function of immunosurveillance. The aim of the study was to examine the association of IL-18 with the outcomes of patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum IL-18 levels were determined at baseline in 270 patients operated for breast cancer, and the relapse-free survival (RFS) was compared between IL-18-high and -low groups. The relationships between IL-18 and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) or the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were also investigated. RESULTS: The RFS of patients was significantly better in the IL-18-low group than in the IL-18-high group (p=0.032). According to the multivariate analysis, IL-18 was a significant and independent predictive factor for RFS (hazard ratio(HR)=0.336; 95% confidence interval(CI)=0.147-0.727; p=0.0053). No association was observed between the IL-18 levels and TILs or NLRs. CONCLUSION: IL-18 levels may be useful for predicting the prognosis of patients who have received surgical treatment for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Interleucina-18/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(35): 2781-2784, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550803

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors in HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with early recurrence after ablation and to establish predictive model. Methods: A total of 81 patients with HBV-related HCC who underwent ablation from January 2016 to December 2016 were included in Beijing Youan Hospital, including 66 males and 15 females. Standard medical records were collected, which were summarized as follows: demographic data, liver function, the number and size of tumors and the modality of ablation. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify the independent risk factors.The ROC curve was used to determine prognostic value. Cox proportional hazards model was used to establish predictive model, and the scores of risk factors were assigned according to HR value. Patients were divided into high-risk group and low-risk group in accordance with scores.The analysis of early recurrence rate was performed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Tumor number, fibrinogen (Fib) and platelet-lymphocyte rate (PLR) were independently correlated with recurrence-free survival (RFS). The AUCs of Fib, PLR and Fib-PLR were 72.9%, 71.5% and 81.8%. The recurrence rates of the low-risk group were 4.9%,7.3% and 29.3% at 6 months,12 months and 24 months while 14.6%,43.9% and 78.1% in high-risk group. Two groups revealed statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Tumor number, Fib, and PLR may be used as a set of predictive indicator of early recurrence in HBV-associated HCC patients after ablation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Fibrinogênio/análise , Hepatite B/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos , Contagem de Plaquetas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(8): 490-492, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479605

RESUMO

Lack of clear clinical and laboratory picture of subjective evaluation of bowel viability, the progression of bowel necrosis in the postoperative period with acute mesenteric ischemia (АМI) contributes to the high mortality rate. Earlier experiments we proved that gut necrosis leads to changes in the subpopulation structure of blood lymphocytes. This prompted us to determine the clinical significance of the subpopulation structure of venous blood lymphocytes in patients with acute mesenteric ischemia. The paper is based on a retrospective analysis of the results of a controlled clinical and immunological examination of 18 patients aged 62 to 78 years (control group and a group of АМI). Evaluation lymphocyte subpopulation structure was performed by the standard method of direct immunofluorescence staining of whole blood. The obtained data were processed with nonparametric statistical methods. Study of lymphocyte subpopulation structure in patients with АМI patients showed a decrease in the absolute and relative number of CD8, CD4, B, NK cells on the indicators in the control group. Ischemia and necrosis of the intestinal mucosa accompanied by a massive translocation of intestinal microflora through the impaired intestinal barrier along with the migration of lymphocytes into the lesion and death, which is manifested in a decrease in the number of lymphocytes of the peripheral blood. Comprehensive assessment of venous blood lymphocyte subpopulation structure can be used as an additional diagnostic criterion necrotic step АМI, serve as criteria for selection of patients for immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Intestinos/patologia , Isquemia Mesentérica/diagnóstico , Idoso , Movimento Celular , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos/citologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16866, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464915

RESUMO

This study evaluated whether the interval from the first clinic visit until the start of antiretroviral treatment (ART) was correlated with common parameters of immunological recovery among patients with early HIV infection (EHI).We reviewed the medical records of patients with EHI who started ART using integrase strand-transfer inhibitors (ISTIs) within the first 6 months after diagnosis. Simple linear regression analyses were performed to determine whether the interval from the first visit to the start of ART was correlated with 1-year changes in CD4+ cell count, CD8+ cell count, CD4+ percentage, and CD4+/CD8+ ratio.Fifty-three patients with probable or definite EHI started ART using ISTIs between April 2014 and August 2016. Forty-nine patients completed 1 year of follow-up, including 48 men. The routes of HIV transmission were 1 case of needle sharing, 5 cases of heterosexual activity, and 43 cases of men who had sex with men. None of the immunological recovery parameters were correlated with time to the start of ART (CD4+ cell count: R = .12, P = .42; CD8+ cell count: R = .107, P = .5; CD4+ percentage: R = .14, P = .34; CD4+/CD8+ ratio: R = .23, P = .14). Furthermore, subgroup sensitivity analyses failed to detect significant correlations based on definite or probable diagnoses, treatment using elvitegravir or dolutegravir, or the time from HIV diagnosis to ART initiation.This series of EHI cases indicate that using ART with ISTI-based regimens is efficacious and well-tolerated. However, earlier initiation of treatment was not significantly correlated with common parameters of immunological recovery.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Integrase de HIV/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Relação CD4-CD8 , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(8): 604-609, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434452

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate preoperative nutritional status and inflammatory status by Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) and hematologic inflammatory markers in patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and to explore their effects on long-term survival prognosis. Methods: A total of 113 patients with thoracic ESCC treated by radical resection were grouped for further analysis according to preoperative NRS-2002 score, systemic inflammation score (SIS) and the combination of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (CNP) score. The progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between groups were compared. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to determine the independent prognostic factors of patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and the interaction analysis of statistically significant factors was carried out. Results: The median PFS was 21 months for all the patients. The 1-year, 3-year and 5-year PFS rates were 69.0%, 25.7% and 23.1%, respectively. Correspondingly, the median OS was 36 months, and the 1-year, 3-year and 5-year OS rates were 95.6%, 46.2% and 29.2%, respectively. Cox univariate analysis showed that T stage, N stage, TNM stage, SIS, CNP score and NRS-2002 score were significantly associated with PFS and OS (all P<0.05), and sex was associated with PFS (P=0.032) in patients with thoracic ESCC. Furthermore, cox multivariate analysis showed that TNM stage (HR=1.570, P=0.039), NRS-2002 score (HR=2.706, P<0.001) and CNP score (HR=1.463, P=0.011) were independent prognosis factors of PFS in patients with thoracic ESCC. In cox model interaction analysis, there was a positive interaction between NRS-2002 score and CNP score (RR=2.789, P<0.001). Conclusion: Preoperative NRS-2002 score combined with CNP score are risk factors for prognosis of patients with thoracic ESCC, which can be used as prognostic indicators.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Torácicas/cirurgia , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Estado Nutricional , Contagem de Plaquetas , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco
14.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(10): 2541-2546, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is known to be prognostic for patients with advanced cancers treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI), but has generally been evaluated as a single threshold value at baseline. We evaluated NLR at baseline and within first month during treatment in patients who received ICI for advanced cancer to evaluate the prognostic value of baseline and of changes from baseline to on-treatment NLR. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with advanced cancer treated with ICI from 2011 to 2017 at the Ohio State University was performed. NLR was calculated at the initiation of ICI and repeated at median of 21 days. Overall survival (OS) was calculated from the initiation of ICI to date of death or censored at last follow-up. Significance of Cox proportional hazards models were evaluated by log-rank test. Calculations were performed using the survival and survminer packages in R, and SPSS. RESULTS: 509 patients were identified and included in the analysis. Patients with baseline and on-treatment NLR < 5 had significantly longer OS (P < 0.001). The change in NLR overtime was a predictor of OS and was observed to be non-linear in nature. This property remained statistically significant with P < 0.05 after adjusting for age, body mass index, sex, cancer type, performance status, and days to repeat NLR measurement. Patients with a moderate decrease in NLR from baseline had the longest OS of 27.8 months (95% CI 21.8-33.8). Patients with significant NLR decrease had OS of 11.4 months (95% CI 6.1-16.7). Patients with a significant increase in NLR had the shortest OS of 5.0 months (95% CI 0.9-9.1). CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the prognostic value of NLR in patients with advanced cancer treated with ICIs. We found that change in NLR over time is a non-linear predictor of patient outcomes. Patients who had moderate decrease in NLR during treatment with ICI were found to have the longest survival, whereas a significant decrease or increase in NLR was associated with shorter survival. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate a non-linear change in NLR over time that correlates with survival.


Assuntos
Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neutrófilos , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfócitos/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4343-4350, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: TAS-102 is recommended as salvage-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), but practical predictors for its efficacy are lacking. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a single-institutional retrospective study of 33 patients treated with TAS-102, we investigated the predictive value of the pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte (PLR), and lymphocyte-monocyte (LMR) ratios for progression-free (PFS) and overall (OS) survival. Predictive ability using cut-offs of the median value (3.14) and 5 for NLR were compared. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score, NLR, and PLR were negatively significantly associated with PFS and OS. The number of treatment lines was negatively associated with PFS. The NLR cut-off of 5 was superior to the median value. Multivariate analyses showed a significant prognostic impact for NLR at cut-off 5 (hazard ratio(HR)=6.26, p=0.02 for PFS; HR=6.97, p=0.07 for OS). CONCLUSION: The pretreatment NLR is a prognostic biomarker for patients with mCRC who receive TAS-102 treatment.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Trifluridina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neutrófilos/patologia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4467-4474, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between lymphopenia after breast conserving therapy (BCT) and ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) in early breast cancer (EBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 216 EBC patients treated with partial mastectomy followed by radiotherapy (RT), none of whom received chemotherapy. Absolute lymphocyte counts (ALCs) during the two years after RT were collected from each patient: pretreatment ALC, ALC at 3-5 months (ALC1), ALC at 9-11 months, ALC at 15-17 months, and ALC at 21-23 months. RESULTS: The 102 patients with ALC1 ≤1,479 cells/µl (defined as lymphopenia) had significantly higher 10-year IBTR rate than the 102 patients with ALC1 >1,479 cells/µl (16.2% vs. 1%, p=0.0034). The multivariate analysis showed that age, resection margins, human epidermal growth factor receptor, and lymphopenia were significant predictors of IBTR. CONCLUSION: Lymphopenia is a potential predictor for IBTR in EBC patients treated with BCT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linfopenia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfopenia/induzido quimicamente , Linfopenia/epidemiologia , Linfopenia/patologia , Mastectomia , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16875, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415428

RESUMO

EGFR-TKIs have been widely used in the first-line treatment of NSCLC patients harboring EGFR mutations. However, the prognosis indicators are limited. In the present study, the prognostic value of systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were assessed in EGFR-Mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients treated with first-generation EGFR-TKIs. Two hundred three patients were included in this retrospective analysis. SII was calculated as platelet counts × neutrophil counts / lymphocyte counts. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the optimal cut-off value for SII, NLR, and PLR. Univariate and multivariate survival analysis were performed to identify factors correlated with PFS and OS. Applying cut-offs of ≥1066.935 (SII), ≥4.40 (NLR), and ≥182.595 (PLR), higher NLR was associated with worse Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) (P = .006), and higher brain metastasis rate (P = .03), higher PLR was associated with smoking history (P = .037), and worse ECOG PS (P = .001), and higher SII groups were associated with worse ECOG PS (P = .002). In univariate analysis, higher NLR (P < .001), higher PLR (P = .002), and higher SII (P < .001) were associated with worse PFS. Higher NLR (P < .001), and higher SII (P < .001) were associated with worse OS. In multivariate analysis, NLR (HR 1.736;95%CI:1.020-2.954; P = .03), PLR (HR 1.823; 95%CI:1.059-3.137; P = .04), and SII (HR2.577; 95%CI:1.677-3.958; P < .001) were independently correlated with PFS. While only SII (HR 2.802; 95%CI:1.659-4.733; P < .001) was independently correlated with OS. The present study demonstrated that SII is an independent prognostic factor for poor survival of advanced EGFR-Mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients treated with first-generation TKIs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Receptores ErbB/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/patologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 680, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A major challenge in dengue management in resource limited settings is the confirmation of diagnosis. Clinical features of dengue often overlap with other infections and molecular diagnostic tools are not readily accessible to clinicians at hospitals. In addition, the prediction of plasma leakage in dengue is also difficult. Hematocrit level and ultrasound scans (combined with clinical parameters) are helpful to detect plasma leakage once it has happened, not before. METHODS: Colombo Dengue Study (CDS) is a prospective cohort study of clinically suspected adult dengue patients recruited from the National hospital of Sri Lanka (within the first 3 days of fever) that aimed to a) identify clinical and basic laboratory test parameters to differentiate dengue from non-dengue fever, b) evaluate the comparative efficacy of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for dengue diagnosis (vs. NS1 antigen test and RT-qPCR) and c) identify early associations that are predictive of plasma leakage or severe dengue. The basic laboratory tests considered here included hematological parameters, serum biochemistry and inflammatory markers. RESULTS: Only 70% of clinically suspected patients were confirmed as having dengue by either the NS1 antigen test or RT-qPCR. On a Bayesian latent class model which assumes no "gold standard", LAMP performed equally or better than RT-qPCR and NS1 antigen test respectively. When confirmed dengue patients were compared with others, the earlier group had significantly lower lymphocyte counts and higher aspartate aminotransferase levels (AST) within the first 3 days of fever. Confirmed dengue patients with plasma leakage had a lower mean age and a higher median baseline AST level compared to those without plasma leakage (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Clinical suspicion overestimates the true number of dengue patients. RT-LAMP is a potentially useful low-cost diagnostic tool for dengue diagnosis. Confirmed dengue patients had significantly higher AST levels and lower lymphocyte counts in early disease compared to others. In confirmed dengue patients, younger age and a higher AST level in early infection were associated with subsequent plasma leakage.


Assuntos
Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Dengue Grave/diagnóstico , Dengue Grave/etiologia , Adulto , Teorema de Bayes , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Dengue/diagnóstico , Vírus da Dengue/genética , Feminino , Febre/virologia , Humanos , Testes Imunológicos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Medição de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Dengue Grave/sangue , Sri Lanka
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16801, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is acute renal failure observed after administration of iodinated contrast media during angiographic or other medical procedures. In recent years, many studies have focused on biomarkers that recognize CIN and/or predict its development in advance. One of the many biomarkers studied is the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the correlation between PLR level and CIN. METHODS: Relevant studies were searched in PUBMED, EMBASE, and Web of Science until September 15, 2018. Case-control studies reporting admission PLR levels in CIN and non-CIN group in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were included. The pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated to assess the association between PLR level and CIN using a random-effect model. RESULTS: Six relevant studies involving a total of 10452 ACS patients (9720 non-CIN controls and 732 CIN patients) met our inclusion criteria. A meta-analysis of 6 case-control studies showed that PLR levels were significantly higher in CIN group than those in non-CIN group (WMD = 33.343, 95%CI = 18.863 to 47.823, P < .001, I = 88.0%). CONCLUSION: For patients with ACS after contrast administration, our meta-analysis shows that on-admission PLR levels in CIN group are significantly higher than those of non-CIN group. However, large and matched cohort studies are needed to validate these findings and assess whether there is a real connection or just an association.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos
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