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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-47120

RESUMO

O Banco de Leite Zilda Arns, da Prefeitura Municipal de João Pessoa (PMJP), informa sobre as práticas de higiene reforçadas durante coleta e transporte do leite materno, seguindo as orientações da Rede Brasileira de Bancos de Leite Humano (RBLH-BR).


Assuntos
Leite Humano , Bancos de Leite , Higiene dos Alimentos , Pandemias , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos
5.
Int J Pharm Compd ; 24(1): 7-12, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023210

RESUMO

Minimizing contamination by airborne particulates is essential in pharmaceutical compounding, and biosafety cabinets have long been among the most effective types of equipment used to achieve that goal. In this article, which is the second of a 2-part series on primary engineering controls, the 3 classes and various types of biosafety cabinets are reviewed. In those units, directed airflow and high-efficiency particulate air filtration sweep airborne contaminants away from the operator, the preparation, and/ or the environment. Factors to consider before operating a Class-2 biosafety cabinet (the unit most often used in compounding) are briefly discussed, information about technician certification and training is reviewed, and diagrams demonstrating the mechanism of operation of several Class-2 units are provided. In part 1 of this series, other types of primary engineering controls used in compounding (unidirectional airflow workstations, compounding aseptic isolators, and compounding aseptic containment isolators) are discussed.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Contaminação de Medicamentos , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Filtração
6.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2020-02-01.
Não convencional em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51895

RESUMO

Coronaviruses are a group of highly diverse RNA virus in the Coronaviridae family that are divided in 4 genera: alpha, beta, gamma and delta that cause disease varying from mild to severe in human and animals. There are endemic human coronavirus as the alphacoronavirus 229E and NL63 and betacoronaviruses OC43 and HKU1 that can cause influenza-like illness or pneumonia in humans. However, two zoonotic coronavirus have emerged causing severe disease in humans: severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) in 2002-2003 and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). In January 2020, the etiologic agent responsible for a cluster of severe pneumonia cases in Wuhan, China was identified as being a novel Betacoronavirus, but it is distinct from SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. The complete genome sequence of this new agent has been released and different detection protocols have been developed but not fully validated yet. However, in light of the possible introduction of a suspected case related to 2019-nCoV in the America region, the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) recommends to Member States to ensure their timely identification, the shipping of samples to National and reference laboratories and the implementation of the molecular detection protocol for 2019-nCoV, according to the laboratory capacity. WHO have published on 17 January 2020 an updated of the interim guidance for Laboratory testing for 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in suspected human cases available at: https://www.who.int/healthtopics/coronavirus/laboratory-diagnostics-for-novel-coronavirus. Information on Suspected case definition; specimen collection and shipment; effective usage of global laboratory networking; testing of 2019-nCoV in reference laboratories; and reporting of cases and test results can be found in this interim guidance.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Escarro , Doenças Respiratórias , Manejo de Espécimes
7.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2020-01-28.
Não convencional em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51897

RESUMO

In January 2020, the etiologic agent responsible for a cluster of severe pneumonia cases in Wuhan, China, was identified as a novel beta-coronavirus (2019-nCoV), distinct than SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV (1) (2) (3). The complete genomic sequence of this new agent is available and different detection protocols have been developed, although they have not been fully validated yet. However, in light of the possible introduction of a suspected case related to 2019-nCoV in the Region of the Americas, the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO / WHO) recommends that Member States ensure its timely identification either by the shipment of the samples to national or reference laboratories, or the implementation of the molecular detection protocol for 2019-nCoV, depending on the laboratory's capacity. To date, the pathogenic potential and transmission dynamics of 2019-nCoV is not fully understood. For this reason and in the light of the knowledge of other similar viruses (e.g., MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV), it is necessary to maintain and strengthen biosafety measures including personal protection procedures, to work with samples from suspected cases of respiratory pathogen infection.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Manejo de Espécimes , Coronavirus , Pneumonia , Pessoal de Laboratório
8.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2020-01-28.
Não convencional em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51896

RESUMO

En enero de 2020, el agente etiológico responsable de un grupo de casos de neumonía grave en Wuhan, China, fue identificado como un nuevo betacoronavirus (2019-nCoV), distinto del SARS-CoV y MERS-CoV (1) (2) (3). La secuencia genómica completa de este nuevo agente está disponible y se han desarrollado diferentes protocolos de detección, aunque aún no se han validado por completo. Sin embargo, a la luz de la posible introducción de un caso sospechoso relacionado con el 2019-nCoV en la Región de las Américas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud / Organización Mundial de la Salud (OPS / OMS) recomienda a los Estados Miembros garantizar su identificación oportuna, el envío de las muestras a laboratorios Nacionales o de referencia y la implementación del protocolo de detección molecular para 2019-nCoV, según la capacidad del laboratorio. Hasta la fecha, no es completamente claro el potencial patogénico ni la dinámica de transmisión del 2019-nCoV. Por esta razón y a la luz del conocimiento de otros virus similares (MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV), es necesario mantener y fortalecer las medidas de bioseguridad y elementos de protección personal para el trabajo con muestras sospechosas de infección con patógenos respiratorios.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Manejo de Espécimes , Coronavirus , Pneumonia , Pessoal de Laboratório
9.
Bogotá; Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social. Gestión de las intervenciones individuales y colectivas para la promoción de la salud y prevención de la enfermedad; 20200130. 14 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1049800

RESUMO

Objetivo: Orientar a los Prestadores de Servicios de Salud del país sobre las normas de bioseguridad que se requieren implementar, frente a casos sospechosos o confirmados del nuevo coronavirus (nCoV-2019), con el fin de disminuir el riesgo de transmisión del virus de humano a humano durante la atención. En salud, evitando la presentación de casos en trabajadores de la salud, demás personal que labore en el ámbito de atención, y en otros pacientes que se encuentren en las instalaciones del prestador de servicios de salud.


Objective: To provide guidance to the country's health service providers on the biosecurity standards that need to be implemented for suspected or confirmed cases of the new coronavirus (nCoV-2019), in order to reduce the risk of human-to-human transmission of the virus during care. In health, avoiding the presentation of cases in health workers, other personnel working in the care setting, and other patients in the health service provider's facilities.


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Colômbia , Coronavirus , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/métodos
10.
J Appl Microbiol ; 128(1): 116-123, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559683

RESUMO

AIMS: This study investigated the efficacy of hydrogen peroxide vapour (HPV) at inactivating hazard group 3 bacteria that have been presented dried from their growth medium to present a realistic challenge. METHODS AND RESULTS: Hydrogen peroxide vapour technology (Bioquell) was used to decontaminate a class III microbiological safety cabinet containing biological indicators (BIs) made by drying standard working suspensions of the following agents: Bacillus anthracis (Ames) spores, Brucella abortus (strain S99), Burkholderia pseudomallei (NCTC 12939), Escherichia coli O157 ST11 (NCTC 12079), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37Rv) and Yersinia pestis (strain CO92) on stainless steel coupons. Extended cycles were used to expose the agents for 90 min. The HPV cycle completely inactivated B. anthracis spores, B. abortus, B. pseudomallei, E. coli O157 and Y. pestis when BIs were processed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Whilst M. tuberculosis was not completely inactivated, it was reduced by 4 log10 from a starting concentration of 106 colony-forming units. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that HPV is able to inactivate a range of HG3 agents at high concentrations with associated organic matter, but M. tuberculosis showed increased resistance to the process. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This publication demonstrates that HPV can inactivate HG3 agents that have an organic load associated with them. It also shows that M. tuberculosis has higher resistance to HPV than other agents. This shows that an appropriate BI to represent the agent of interest should be chosen to demonstrate a decontamination is successful.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/métodos , Descontaminação/métodos , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Gases/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/instrumentação , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Biomarcadores Ambientais/efeitos dos fármacos , Aço Inoxidável
11.
Bogotá; Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social; 2020. 14 p. tab.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1087239

RESUMO

Orientar a las Instituciones Prestadoras de Servicio de Salud ­ IPS, autoridades competentes del orden nacional, autoridades judiciales, ciencias forenses, servicios funerarios y cementerios frente al manejo seguro, transporte y disposición de cadáveres debido a la infección por el virus COVID-19 (coronavirus), con el fin de disminuir el riesgo de transmisión en los trabajadores del sector salud, funerario, familiares, comunidad en general y demás autoridades involucradas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Betacoronavirus , Cadáver , Protocolos
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 1044, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822267

RESUMO

Scrub typhus is an important arthropod-borne disease causing significant acute febrile illness by infection with Orientia spp.Using a risk-based approach, this review examines current practice, the evidence base and regulatory requirements regarding matters of biosafety and biosecurity, and presents the case for reclassification from Risk Group 3 to Risk Group 2 along with recommendations for safe working practices of risk-based activities during the manipulation of Orientia spp. in the laboratory.We recommend to reclassify Orientia spp. to Risk Group 2 based on the classification for RG2 pathogens as being moderate individual risk, low community risk. We recommend that low risk activities, can be performed within a biological safety cabinet located in a Biosafety Level (BSL) 2 core laboratory using standard personal protective equipment. But when the risk assessment indicates, such as high concentration and volume, or aerosol generation, then a higher biocontainment level is warranted. For, the majority of animal activities involving Orientia spp., Animal BSL 2 (ABSL2) is recommended however where high risk activities are performed including necropsies, Animal BSL (ABSL3) is recommended.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/classificação , Orientia tsutsugamushi/patogenicidade , Tifo por Ácaros/transmissão , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Pesquisa , Medição de Risco , Tifo por Ácaros/diagnóstico , Local de Trabalho
15.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 887-895, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047673

RESUMO

Este relato objetiva apresentar o processo de desenvolvimento de um material escrito e ilustrado voltado para o dentista atuante em Unidades de Terapia intensiva, bem como os motivos e justificativas que levaram à decisão de sua necessidade. O cirurgião-dentista tem ampliado sua área de atuação e, por isso, necessita de materiais didáticos que forneçam uma base para essa nova forma de pensar a Odontologia, com um caráter integral e multiprofissional. Por não haver contato dos cirurgiões-dentistas com o ambiente hospitalar durante a graduação, salvo raras exceções, o material didático nesta área foi planejado para abranger desde os conhecimentos básicos até situações que envolvem maior conhecimento para a tomada de decisão. A metodologia utilizada foi o levantamento bibliográfico e a montagem de material escrito na forma de manual, além da produção e tratamento de fotografias ilustrativas, obtidas em um Hospital Universitário durante o processo de cuidado odontológico de pacientes críticos.


This report aims to present the process of developing a written and illustrated material for the dentist in intensive care units, as well as the reasons and justifications that led to the decision of their need. The dental surgeon has expanded his area of practice and, therefore, needs didactic materials that provide a basis for this new way of thinking about Dentistry, with an integral and multiprofessional character. Due to the lack of contact between dental surgeons and the hospital environment during graduation, with few exceptions, the teaching material in this area was designed to cover everything from basic knowledge to situations involving greater knowledge for decision making. The methodology used was the bibliographical survey and the assembly of written material in manual form, as well as the production and treatment of illustrative photographs obtained at a University Hospital during the dental care process of critical patients.


Este relato tiene como objetivo presentar el proceso de desarrollo de un material escrito e ilustrado orientado hacia el dentista actuante en Unidades de Terapia intensiva, así como los motivos y justificaciones que llevaron a la decisión de su necesidad. El cirujano-dentista ha ampliado su área de actuación y, por eso, necesita materiales didácticos que proveen una base para esa nueva forma de pensar la Odontología, con un carácter integral y multiprofesional. Por no haber contacto de los cirujanos-dentistas con el ambiente hospitalario durante la graduación, salvo raras excepciones, el material didáctico en esta área fue planeado para abarcar desde los conocimientos básicos hasta situaciones que involucran mayor conocimiento para la toma de decisión. La metodología utilizada fue el levantamiento bibliográfico y el montaje de material escrito en la forma de manual, además de la producción y tratamiento de fotografías ilustrativas, obtenidas en un Hospital Universitario durante el proceso de cuidado odontológico de pacientes críticos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Materiais de Ensino , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Equipe Hospitalar de Odontologia , Dicionários Odontológicos como Assunto , Assistência Odontológica , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Odontólogos , Fotografia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
16.
Washington, D.C.; OPAS; 2019-11-12.
em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51692

RESUMO

As doenças transmitidas por vetores — como dengue, Zika, chikungunya, malária e leishmaniose — têm um grande impacto na saúde pública. Neste contexto, é necessário aumentar cada vez mais a vigilância entomológica para direcionar as ações de prevenção e controle. A vigilância entomológica é a coleta regular de dados sobre os vetores e a análise de parâmetros entomológicos definidos, como a composição e abundância das espécies, a resistência aos inseticidas, os comportamentos e as taxas de infecção. A coleta e análise desses e outros indicadores deve gerar evidências para a seleção das intervenções mais apropriadas e para definir quando e onde aplicá-las. Para o desenvolvimento dessas ações, é necessário contar com laboratórios bem estruturados e adequados às funções que deverão ser executadas, além de pessoal capacitado para realizar as atividades… Este documento apresenta recomendações aos países para a estruturação de uma rede de laboratórios de entomologia em saúde pública. O documento ajudará os países a identificar as suas necessidades e a determinar como a rede de entomologia pode ser fortalecida, especialmente no contexto de um sistema de saúde descentralizado. As recomendações também consideram os diferentes graus de desenvolvimento e as diferentes investigações entomológicas necessárias para apoiar as ações de prevenção e controle de doenças.


Assuntos
Entomologia , Controle de Vetores , Dengue , Zika virus , Vírus Chikungunya , Malária , Leishmaniose , Américas , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Laboratórios
17.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2019-11-12.
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51690

RESUMO

Las enfermedades transmitidas por vectores como dengue, Zika, chikungunya, malaria y leishmaniasis entre otras tienen un gran impacto sobre la salud pública. En este contexto, es necesario hacer cada vez más vigilancia entomológica para direccionar las acciones de prevención y control. La vigilancia entomológica es la recopilación regular de datos sobre los vectores y el análisis de parámetros entomológicos definidos, como la composición de especies y su abundancia, la resistencia a los insecticidas, los comportamientos y las tasas de infección. La recopilación y análisis de estos y otros indicadores deben generar evidencia para la selección de las intervenciones más adecuadas, así como definir cuándo y dónde aplicarla… Este documento proporciona recomendaciones a los países para la estructuración de una red de laboratorios de entomología en salud pública. El documento ayudará a los países a identificar las áreas de necesidades y determinar cómo se puede reforzar la red de entomología, especialmente en el contexto de un sistema de salud descentralizado. Las recomendaciones también tienen en cuenta los diferentes grados de desarrollo y las diferentes investigaciones entomológicas necesarias para dar soporte a las acciones de prevención y control de las enfermedades.


Assuntos
Laboratórios , Entomologia , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Controle de Vetores , Dengue , Zika virus , Vírus Chikungunya , Malária , Leishmaniose , Américas
18.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2019-11-12.
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51689

RESUMO

Vector-borne diseases such as dengue, Zika, chikungunya, malaria, and leishmaniasis, among others, have a great impact on public health. This makes it necessary to step up entomological surveillance to guide prevention and control activities. Entomological surveillance is the regular compilation of data on vectors and the analysis of defined entomological parameters, such as the composition of species and their abundance, resistance to insecticides, behavior, and infection rates. The collection and analysis of these and other indicators should generate evidence on which to base a selection of the most appropriate interventions and determine when and where to apply them. To carry out these activities, countries need well-structured laboratories equipped to perform the required functions. Staff must also be trained in these activities... This document provides countries with recommendations for structuring a public health entomology laboratory network. The document will help countries to identify their areas of need and determine how the entomology network can be strengthened, especially in the context of a decentralized health system. The recommendations also consider the different degrees of development and different entomological research needed to support disease prevention and control activities.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Entomologia , Serviços Laboratoriais de Saúde Pública , Controle de Vetores , Dengue , Zika virus , Vírus Chikungunya , Malária , Leishmaniose , Américas
20.
Prev Vet Med ; 170: 104742, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421494

RESUMO

The Australian dairy goat sector is an emerging animal industry undergoing rapid expansion. Limited information is available within this industry in relation to socio-demographic characteristics and biosecurity implementation. Q-Fever, caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii, is a zoonotic disease endemic in Australia, with a range of domestic and wild-animal reservoir species, including goats, with infected pregnant goats posing a significant public health risk. The aim of the current study was to investigate the socio-demographics of Australian dairy goat producers, their biosecurity implementation and levels of understanding, knowledge and attitudes towards Q-Fever. To achieve this aim, a cross-sectional study was conducted, using an online survey and follow-up semi-structured interviews among dairy goat producers. A total of 106 goat producers participated in the online survey (35.3% response rate) and 14 participated in the semi-structured interviews. Findings from this study suggest that most goat producers implement biosecurity practices related to direct animal husbandry, such as separating sick goats (86%), vaccinations (79%) and providing separate kidding space (75%); and, practices minimizing the risk of disease introduction, such as maintaining boundary fences (86%) and isolating incoming animals (67%). However, implementation of other biosecurity practices, such as keeping records of visitors and visitor biosecurity requirements, was inadequate. Furthermore, this study identifies a deficit of knowledge and understanding surrounding Q-Fever in the Australian dairy goat sector, and a disconnect between producers' perception of risk and implementation of known appropriate biosecurity measures. The research has identified that producers rely on 'trusted' community networks to provide advice on biosecurity implementation, due to a perceived absence of industry-specific, reputable information sources. Producers identified those outside of these networks as the 'other'. The creation of this other allows producers to deflect responsibility for individual biosecurity on to the other. A multifaceted approach is necessary to increase knowledge, understanding and perception of risk surrounding Q-fever, and promote positive uptake of biosecurity measures, for improved outcomes for animal and human health.


Assuntos
Indústria de Laticínios/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças das Cabras/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Febre Q/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Austrália , Compreensão , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/métodos , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/veterinária , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Cabras , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Febre Q/veterinária , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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