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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61(1): 55, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-rheumatic drugs can increase the predisposition to infection, and patients may be unaware of continuing their treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether patients maintain their treatment for rheumatic conditions during the pandemic period and determine the factors responsible for discontinuation. METHODS: Patients were randomly selected from the prospectively collected database of our tertiary referral center. The patients were interviewed by telephone through a standardized closed-ended questionnaire, which is targeting the continuity of the treatment plan and the considerations related to the individual choice. The patients were asked whether they hesitated to visit the hospital for follow-up or intravenous drug administration. RESULTS: A total of 278 patients completed the questionnaire. While 62 of the patients (22.3%) had reduced or interrupted the treatment, only 11 patients (3.9%) stopped the treatment completely. A significant difference was observed between the duration of illness and the discontinuation of treatment. (p = 0.023) There was a significant difference in disease activity between the group that stopped treatment and continued treatment. (p = 0.001) There was no statistically significant difference in other demographic characteristics. One hundred thirty-five patients (48.6%) made the treatment decision by themselves, and 80% continued the treatment. Reasons for stopping the treatment were anxiety (48.4%), not being able to go to the hospital for intravenous treatment (45.1%), and not being able to find the drug (6.5%). CONCLUSION: Since patients with long-term illnesses were found to be significantly more likely to stop their treatment, this group of patients should be monitored.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/provisão & distribuição , Ansiedade , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Bases de Dados Factuais , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Reumáticas/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 950, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A disconnect exists between the idealized model of every patient having a family physician (FP) who acts as the central hub for care, and the reality of health care where patients must navigate a network of different providers. This disconnect is particularly evident when hospitalized multimorbid patients transition back into the community. These discharges are identified as high-risk due to lapses in care continuity. The aim of this study was to identify and explore the networks of care providers in a sample of hospitalized, complex patients, and better understand the nature of their attachments to these providers as a means of discovering novel approaches for improving discharge planning. METHODS: This was a constructivist grounded theory study. Data included interviews from 30 patients admitted to an inpatient internal medicine service of a midsized academic hospital in Ontario, Canada. Analysis and data collection proceeded iteratively with sampling progressing from purposive to theoretical. RESULTS: We identified network of care configurations commonly found in patients with multiple medical comorbidities receiving care from multiple different providers admitted to an internal medicine service. FPs and specialists form the network's scaffold. The involvement of physicians in the network dictated not only how patients experienced transitions in care but the degree of reliance on social supports and personal capacities. The ideal for the multimorbid patient is an optimally involved FP that remains at the centre, even when patients require more subspecialized care. However, in cases where a rostered FP is non-existent or inadequate, increased involvement and advocacy from specialists is crucial. CONCLUSIONS: Our results have implications for transition planning in hospitalized complex patients. Recognizing salient network features can help identify patients who would benefit from enhanced discharge support.


Assuntos
Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Alta do Paciente , Humanos , Ontário , Médicos de Família , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Can Fam Physician ; 67(9): 679-688, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize and synthesize qualitative studies that report patient and physician perspectives on continuity of care in family practice. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and PsycInfo (Ovid) were searched for qualitative primary research reporting perspectives of patients, physicians, or both, on continuity of care in family practice. STUDY SELECTION: English-language qualitative studies were selected (eg, interviews, focus groups, mixed methods) that were conducted in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, New Zealand, or Australia. SYNTHESIS: Themes were extracted, summarized, and synthesized. Six overarching themes emerged: continuity of care enables person-centred care; continuity of care increases quality of care; continuity of care leads to greater confidence in medical decision making; continuity of care comes with drawbacks; the absence of continuity of care may lead to medical and psychological harm; and continuity of care can foster greater joy and meaning in a physician's work. Out of the 6 themes, patients and physicians shared the first 5. CONCLUSION: To the authors' knowledge, this is the first qualitative review reporting the unique perspectives of both patients and family physicians on continuity of care. The findings add nuanced insight to the importance of continuity of care in family practice.


Assuntos
Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Médicos de Família , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estados Unidos
5.
J Int AIDS Soc ; 24(9): e25781, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473409

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected antiretroviral therapy (ART) continuity among people living with HIV (PLHIV) worldwide. We conducted a qualitative study to explore barriers to ART maintenance and solutions to ART interruption when stringent COVID-19 control measures were implemented in China, from the perspective of PLHIV and relevant key stakeholders. METHODS: Between 11 February and 15 February 2020, we interviewed PLHIV, community-based organization (CBO) workers, staff from centres for disease control and prevention (CDC) at various levels whose work is relevant to HIV care (CDC staff), HIV doctors and nurses and drug vendors from various regions in China. Semi-structured interviews were conducted using a messaging and social media app. Challenges and responses relevant to ART continuity during the COVID-19 pandemic were discussed. Themes were identified by transcript coding and mindmaps. RESULTS: Sixty-four stakeholders were recruited, including 16 PLHIV, 17 CBO workers, 15 CDC staff, 14 HIV doctors and nurses and two drug vendors. Many CDC staff, HIV doctors and nurses responsible for ART delivery and HIV care were shifted to COVID-19 response efforts. Barriers to ART maintenance were (a) travel restrictions, (b) inadequate communication and bureaucratic obstacles, (c) shortage in personnel, (d) privacy concerns, and (e) insufficient ART reserve. CBO helped PLHIV maintain access to ART through five solutions identified from thematic analysis: (a) coordination to refill ART from local CDC clinics or hospitals, (b) delivery of ART by mail, (c) privacy protection measures, (d) mental health counselling, and (e) providing connections to alternative sources of ART. Drug vendors contributed to ART maintenance by selling out-of-pocket ART. CONCLUSIONS: Social and institutional disruption from COVID-19 contributed to increased risk of ART interruption among PLHIV in China. Collaboration among key stakeholders was needed to maintain access to ART, with CBO playing an important role. Other countries facing ART interruption during current or future public health emergencies may learn from the solutions employed in China.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais/provisão & distribuição , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/métodos , COVID-19 , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Adulto , Antirretrovirais/administração & dosagem , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , SARS-CoV-2 , Participação dos Interessados
6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 777, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Policies target networks of providers who treat people with mental illnesses, but little is known about the empirical structures of these networks and related variation in patient care. The goal of this paper is to describe networks of providers who treat adults with mental illness in a multi-payer database based medical claims data in a U.S. state. METHODS: Provider networks were identified and characterized using paid inpatient, outpatient and pharmacy claims related to care for people with a mental health diagnosis from an all-payer claims dataset that covers both public and private payers. RESULTS: Three nested levels of network structures were identified: an overall network, which included 21% of providers (N = 8256) and 97% of patients (N = 476,802), five communities and 24 sub-communities. Sub-communities were characterized by size, provider composition, continuity-of-care (CoC), and network structure measures including mean number of connections per provider (degree) and average number of connections who were connected to each other (transitivity). Sub-community size was positively associated with number of connections (r = .37) and the proportion of psychiatrists (r = .41) and uncorrelated with network transitivity (r = -.02) and continuity of care (r = .00). Network transitivity was not associated with CoC after adjustment for provider type, number of patients, and average connection CoC (p = .85). CONCLUSIONS: These exploratory analyses suggest that network analysis can provide information about the networks of providers that treat people with mental illness that is not captured in traditional measures and may be useful in designing, implementing, and studying interventions to improve systems of care. Though initial results are promising, additional empirical work is needed to develop network-based measures and tools for policymakers.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Transtornos Mentais , Adulto , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Assistência ao Paciente
7.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 13(1): e1-e3, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342476

RESUMO

During the start of the first wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, two family physicians in Tshwane, South Africa, reviewed the people at high-risk within their Health Catchment Area. The largest residential mental health care facility in Gauteng fell under their care, and they were responsible for providing care and support to this facility. Family physicians have to lead the primary care team and simultaneously take care of the well-being of their team members. This report discusses how these family physicians used digital platforms and virtual care to successfully coordinate and manage the response to an outbreak of COVID-19 at this mental healthcare facility.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Pandemias , Médicos de Família , Telemedicina , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Saúde Mental , SARS-CoV-2 , África do Sul/epidemiologia
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 768, 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic seriously threatens general public health services globally. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the HIV care continuum in Jiangsu province, China. METHODS: Data on newly diagnosed HIV persons for analysis were retrieved from Chinas' web-based Comprehensive Response Information Management System (CRIMS) for HIV/AIDS from 2016 to 2020. We recorded data for the first 3 months (January to March, 2020) of strictly implementing COVID-19 measures from publicly available disease databases of the Jiangsu provincial Health Committee. We used seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) and exponential smoothing in forecasting the parameters. Subgroup differences were accessed using Chi-square tests. RESULTS: Compared to the estimated proportions, the HIV testing rates decreased by 49.0% (919,938) in the first three months of implementing COVID-19 measures. Of an estimated 1555 new HIV diagnosis expected in the same period, only 63.0% (980) new diagnoses were recorded. According to actual data recorded during the said period, 980 positively tested persons received confirmatory tests, of which 71.4% (700) were reportedly linked to care. And only 49.5% (235) out of the expected 475 newly diagnosed HIV persons received CD4 cell count testing. Meanwhile 91.6% (208) of newly diagnosed HIV persons who received CD4 count tests reportedly initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) compared to the 227 expected. Compared to the same period from 2016 to 2019, PLWH less than 30 years old and migrants were more likely to be affected by the COVID-19 policies. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted HIV healthcare systems in Jiangsu, China. Further measures that can counter the impact of the pandemic are needed to maintain the HIV care continuum.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Infecções por HIV , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias
9.
Int J Prison Health ; ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)2021 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410050

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This paper aims to describe the impact of the COVID-19 containment measures on the provision of drug treatment and harm reduction services in European prisons in15 countries during the early phase of the pandemic (March -June 2020). DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The paper is based on a mixed method research approach that triangulates different data sources, including the results of an on-line survey, the outcome of a focus group and four national case studies. FINDINGS: The emergence of COVID-19 led to a disruption in prison drug markets and resulted in a number of challenges for the drug services provision inside prison. Challenges for health services included the need to maintain the provision of drug-related interventions inside prison, while introducing a range of COVID-19 containment measures. To reduce contacts between people, many countries introduced measures for early release, resulted in around a 10% reduction of the prison population in Europe. Concerns were expressed around reduction of drug-related interventions, including group activities, services by external agencies, interventions in preparation for release and continuity of care. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Innovations aimed at improving drug service provision included telemedicine, better partnership between security and health staff and an approach to drug treatment more individualised. Future developments must be closely monitored. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The paper provides a unique and timely overview of the main issues, challenges and initial adaptations implemented for drug services in European prisons in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Prisioneiros , Prisões , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Redução do Dano , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Lima; Perú. EsSalud; 20210800. 42 p. tab.
Monografia em Espanhol | MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1283785

RESUMO

El documento contiene las normas a fin de contribuir al fortalecimiento del Modelo de Cuidado Integral de salud por curso de vida para el asegurado, su familia y comunidad basado en los atributos de la atención primaria de salud: primer contacto, integridad, longitudinalidad y continuidad de la atención.


Assuntos
Atenção Primária à Saúde , Previdência Social , Família , Saúde da Família , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 259-265, agosto 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280911

RESUMO

Introducción. La transferencia de pacientes es un proceso interactivo de comunicación de datos y traspaso de responsabilidades para mantener la continuidad de la atención en forma segura. Las fallas en este proceso pueden derivar en cuidados inadecuados y favorecer la comisión de errores. Objetivo. Implementar una herramienta estandarizada para la transferencia de pacientes desde la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) hacia la de cuidados intermedios y moderados (CIM) y comparar la comunicación entre los profesionales antes y después de la intervención. Población y métodos. Estudio del tipo antes y después, realizado en el Hospital de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan". Como intervención, se utilizó un formulario de transferencia escrito. La muestra estudiada antes de la intervención estaba formada por los pacientes transferidos de las UCI a las CIM entre el 1 y el 31-10-2015. La muestra estudiada luego de la intervención fueron los pacientes transferidos entre el 1 y el 31-3-2016. Participaron cuatro CIM y tres UCI. La variable principal de estudio fue la parte escrita de la transferencia; en particular, si fue oportuna y completa. Resultados. Se analizaron 50 traspasos en cada etapa. En la transferencia escrita hubo un aumento en la comunicación de datos clínicos en el 88 % de las variables (comunicación oral médico a médico, médico responsable, adecuación terapéutica, diagnóstico, evolución, entre otras); la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa. Conclusión. Con la implementación de la herramienta mejoró la transferencia de datos clínicos del paciente relevantes para la continuidad de la atención en forma segura


Introduction. Patient handoff is an interactive process including data communication and responsible transfer in order to safely maintain the continuity of care. Failure in this process may result in inadequate care and favor the occurrence of errors. Objective. To implement a standardized instrument for patient handoff from the intensive care unit (ICU) to the intermediate-medium care unit (IMCU), and compare communication between health care providers before and after the intervention. Population and methods. Before-and-after study conducted at Hospital de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan." The intervention consisted in a written handoff form. The pre-intervention sample included patients transferred from ICUs to IMCUs between October 1st and October 31st, 2015. The post-intervention sample included patients transferred between March 1st and March 31st, 2016. A total of 4 IMCUs and 3 ICUs participated in the study. The main study variable was the written part of the handoff; in particular, whether it was timely and complete. Results. A total of 50 handoffs were analyzed for each stage. With the written handoff, there was an increase in the communication of clinical data in 88 % of variables (oral communication between physicians, treating physician, therapeutic adequacy, diagnosis, course, etc.); the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion. After implementing the tool, there was an improvement in the transfer of patient clinical data relevant to the safe continuity of care


Assuntos
Humanos , Transferência de Pacientes , Comunicação , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois
13.
Glob Heart ; 16(1): 44, 2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211830

RESUMO

During the COVI9-19 pandemic, Pakkred hospital in Thailand implemented innovative practices to ensure the continuation of essential medical services for non-communicable disease patients. These practices included decentralized care, telemedicine, home blood pressure monitoring, community delivery of medicines, and facility infrastructure changes. Despite the decrease in hospital visits by hypertension patients during the pandemic, our results suggest that this package of interventions may have contributed to sustained hypertension and diabetes control rates in Pakkred district.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Atenção à Saúde/organização & administração , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Hipertensão/terapia , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Instalações de Saúde , Ambiente de Instituições de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Doenças não Transmissíveis/terapia , Inovação Organizacional , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Tailândia , Ventilação
14.
15.
J Ambul Care Manage ; 44(4): 293-303, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319924

RESUMO

COVID-19 necessitated significant care redesign, including new ambulatory workflows to handle surge volumes, protect patients and staff, and ensure timely reliable care. Opportunities also exist to harvest lessons from workflow innovations to benefit routine care. We describe a dedicated COVID-19 ambulatory unit for closing testing and follow-up loops characterized by standardized workflows and electronic communication, documentation, and order placement. More than 85% of follow-ups were completed within 24 hours, with no observed staff, nor patient infections associated with unit operations. Identified issues include role confusion, staffing and gatekeeping bottlenecks, and patient reluctance to visit in person or discuss concerns with phone screeners.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , COVID-19/terapia , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Unidades de Cuidados Respiratórios/organização & administração , Adulto , Idoso , Boston/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2 , Análise de Sistemas , Fluxo de Trabalho
16.
Int J Nurs Stud ; 121: 103986, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, chronic disease is a leading cause of illness, disability and death and an important driver of health system utilization and spending. Continuity of care is a significant component of quality healthcare. However, an association between nurse-led services, interventions, patient outcomes and continuity of care at the primary and secondary interface as an outcome, has not been established for people with chronic disease. OBJECTIVE: To identify the effectiveness of nurse-led services for people with chronic disease in achieving an outcome of continuity of care at the primary-secondary healthcare interface. DESIGN: Quantitative systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches of Medline, Cochrane, Embase, Emcare, JBI and Scopus databases were conducted of studies published between 1946 and May 2019 using the search terms "nurse", "continuity of care" and "chronic disease". REVIEW METHODS: Quality of the included studies was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool for randomized controlled trials and Joanna Briggs Institute quality appraisal checklists. A second reviewer screened 10% of full text articles and all articles in critical appraisal. Studies were excluded from the review if they were of poor methodological quality or the description of the effect of the nurse-led service was inadequately reported. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included in the review (n=4,090 participants). All studies incorporated recognized continuity of care interventions. The nurse-led services were associated with fewer hospitalizations, reduced by 2-8.9% and re-admissions reduced by 14.8-51% (n=886). Reporting of positive patient experiences and improvement in symptoms and lifestyle was also evident. An association of nurse-led services with improved continuity of care between primary and secondary health services as an outcome per se could not be concluded. CONCLUSION: Nurse-led services for adults provide coordinated interventions that support continuity of care for people with chronic disease in both the primary and secondary healthcare settings that are associated with reduced hospitalizations or readmissions and patient satisfaction. However, the limited use of validated continuity of care outcome measurement tools precluded establishing correlations between interventions, patient outcomes and continuity of care as a specific outcome.


Assuntos
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente
17.
Med J Malaysia ; 76(4): 562-564, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305118

RESUMO

Geriatric medicine practice requires a multidimensional and multidisciplinary assessment to provide a holistic overview of the older patients. During the current COVID-19 pandemic time, it becomes more critical to ensure that the elderly patients continue to receive regular geriatric care for their pre-existing chronic illness and at the same time avoid unnecessary exposure to COVID-19 virus. Geriatric telemedicine clinic provides a convenient solution to ensure continuity of care for the older patients. Careful patient selection, technical requirement, geriatric assessment via audio-visual communication, and caretaker involvement were among the important issues discussed in this article.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Telemedicina , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Organizacionais , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/organização & administração
18.
Riv Psichiatr ; 56(4): 198-204, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310577

RESUMO

The covid-19 lockdown forced psychotherapists to use videoconferencing psychotherapy (VCP). There is little literature on the relationship between VCP and the theoretical orientation of the psychotherapist. The aim of our research work is to explore to what extent the Italian therapists used VCP and how they experienced the change in setting during lockdown. A sample of psychotherapists completed an on-line questionnaire including data about any previous experience of remote work, information on changes in setting during lockdown and their opinions on this experience. In the second phase, a statistical analysis of the data collected was performed with SPSS. The most represented theoretical orientations are psychoanalytic, Gestalt, systemic-relational and psychodynamic. Almost all the respondents had chosen to change the setting, opting for remote work via video calls, with no differences in terms of theoretical orientation and age group. Psychotherapeutic orientation seems to affect the type of difficulties encountered. The scientific literature on remote psychotherapy (VCP) so far does not correlate it with any specific theoretical-clinical model. Our research work offers some preliminary hypotheses about potential correlations between setting variations with the theoretical-clinical models.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , COVID-19 , Pandemias , Psicoterapeutas/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Agendamento de Consultas , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Satisfação Pessoal , Quarentena , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone , Comunicação por Videoconferência , Carga de Trabalho
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26634, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260556

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Emergency departments (EDs) are on the frontline of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. To resolve the abrupt overloading of COVID-19-suspected patients in a community, each ED needs to respond in various ways. In our hospital, we increased the isolation beds through temporary remodeling and by performing in-hospital COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction testing rather than outsourcing them. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of our response to the newly developed viral outbreak.The medical records of patients who presented to an ED were analyzed retrospectively. We divided the study period into 3: pre-COVID-19, transition period of response (the period before fully implementing the response measures), and post-response (the period after complete response). We compared the parameters of the National Emergency Department Information System and information about isolation and COVID-19.The number of daily ED patients was 86.8 ±â€Š15.4 in the pre-COVID-19, 36.3 ±â€Š13.6 in the transition period, and 67.2 ±â€Š10.0 in the post-response period (P < .001). The lengths of stay in the ED were significantly higher in transition period than in the other periods [pre-COVID-19 period, 219.0 (121.0-378.0) min; transition period, 301 (150.0-766.5) min; post-response period, 281.0 (114.0-575.0) min; P < .001]. The ratios of use of an isolation room and fever (≥37.5°C) were highest in the post-response period [use of isolation room: pre-COVID-19 period, 0.6 (0.7%); transition period, 1.2 (3.3%); post-response period, 16.1 (24.0%); P < .001; fever: pre-COVID-19 period, 14.8(17.3%); transition period, 6.8 (19.1%); post-response period, 14.5 (21.9%), P < .001].During an outbreak of a novel infectious disease, increasing the number of isolation rooms in the ED and applying a rapid confirmation test would enable the accommodation of more suspected patients, which could help reduce the risk posed to the community and thus prevent strain on the local emergency medical system.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isolamento de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
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