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6.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 27(1): e9-e16, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30320732

RESUMO

Despite the wealth of innovation in the orthopaedic sciences, few technologies translate to clinical use. By way of a 2-day symposium titled "AAOS/ORS Translating Orthopaedic Technologies into Clinical Practice: Pathways from Novel Idea to Improvements in Standard of Care Research Symposium," key components of successful commercialization strategies were identified as a passionate entrepreneur working on a concept aimed at improving patient outcomes and decreasing the cost and burden of disease; a de-risking strategy that has due recognition of the regulatory approval process and associated costs while maximizing the use of institutional, state, and federal resources; and a well thought-out and prepared legal plan and high quality, protected intellectual property. Challenges were identified as a lack of education on the scale-up and commercialization processes; few opportunities to network, get feedback, and obtain funding for early stage ideas; disconnect between the intellectual property and the business model; and poor adoption of new technologies caused in part by un-optimized clinical trials. By leveraging the network of professional orthopaedic societies, there exists an opportunity to create an enlightened community of musculoskeletal entrepreneurs who are positioned to develop and commercialize technologies and transform patient care.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica/organização & administração , Contrato de Risco/organização & administração , Ortopedia , Transferência de Tecnologia , Tecnologia Biomédica/economia , Tecnologia Biomédica/legislação & jurisprudência , Contrato de Risco/legislação & jurisprudência , Organização do Financiamento , Obtenção de Fundos , Humanos , Propriedade Intelectual , Mentores , Cultura Organizacional , Papel do Médico , Rede Social
10.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0201893, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183699

RESUMO

Scientific mobility can stimulate entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship, acting as a catalyst for reducing imbalances between local and global science and the resulting socio-economic damage. This study evaluates both whether scientific mobility effectively promotes these concepts and the fundamental reasons to articulate effective policies for scientific mobility. Toward this end, a survey has been prepared following the methodology of Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) and current scientific literature. A total of 364 researchers involved in Spanish scientific mobility took part in the study: Spanish scientists abroad (135) and scientists returned to Spain (52), as mobile groups, and young researchers in Spain (177), as a group of scientists who could go abroad, but that have not yet begun to leave. The results demonstrate that scientific mobility does promote entrepreneurship and, especially intrapreneurship. Moreover, since permanent positions are scarce for these groups and their mobility decisions largely depend on job opportunities, the involved Spanish authorities and agents can improve scientific mobility by means suitable policies that make the most of this potential to the benefit of economic growth and job creation.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Contrato de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Ciência/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Biotecnologia/organização & administração , Biotecnologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Biotecnologia/tendências , Contrato de Risco/organização & administração , Contrato de Risco/tendências , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Pesquisadores/organização & administração , Pesquisadores/tendências , Ciência/organização & administração , Ciência/tendências , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J Nurs Manag ; 26(6): 696-706, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29504177

RESUMO

AIMS: This study sought to contribute to research on entrepreneurial intention by identifying which constructs of the entrepreneurial profile and internal conditions of health care organisations support entrepreneurship and contribute to the entrepreneurial intention of these organisations' employees. BACKGROUND: In addition to psychological attributes, cognitive processes, motivations, sociodemographic and professional characteristics, and entrepreneurial skills, the literature indicates that internal conditions of organisations also contribute to explaining entrepreneurial intention. METHODS: To evaluate this model empirically, the primary data were collected with questionnaires distributed to nurses in two public hospitals-the Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro Hospital Center and the Local Health Unit of the Northeast. A total of 638 nurses filled out the questionnaire. The data were analysed using inferential and regression analyses. RESULTS: The results suggest that the dimensions related to personal attributes, namely, motivation and entrepreneurial skills, are the constructs that best explain the entrepreneurial intention of these professionals within their organisations. CONCLUSIONS: A broad discussion is needed about how to implement internal conditions that promote an intrapreneurial and innovative culture in health care organisations. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Health care organisation administrators need to prioritise intrapreneurship while structuring their management strategies, thereby creating favourable internal conditions (e.g., support, autonomy, rewards, time availability and appropriate organisational procedures) that enhance their nurses' entrepreneurial intention.


Assuntos
Contrato de Risco/organização & administração , Hospitais Públicos/organização & administração , Motivação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração , Cultura Organizacional , Adulto , Cognição , Feminino , Setor de Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Intenção , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Portugal , Resolução de Problemas , Autonomia Profissional , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
13.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 50(1): 28-35, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29024362

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of entrepreneurial leadership on nurses' innovation work behavior and its dimensions. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study employed the 10-item Innovation Work Behavior Questionnaire and the 8-item Entrepreneurial Leadership Questionnaire to explore the impact of entrepreneurial leadership on the innovation work behavior of 273 nurses from public and private hospitals in Iran. FINDINGS: Entrepreneurial leadership had a significant positive impact on nurses' innovation work behavior and most strongly improved idea exploration, followed by idea generation, idea implementation, and idea championing. CONCLUSIONS: Entrepreneurial leadership was effective in enhancing nurses' innovation work behavior. More attention needs to be focused on developing entrepreneurial leadership competencies and on developing nurse leaders. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Healthcare policies and strategies are needed to facilitate the implementation of entrepreneurial leadership by providing healthcare leaders with the appropriate environment.


Assuntos
Difusão de Inovações , Contrato de Risco/organização & administração , Liderança , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais Privados , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Healthc Pap ; 16(3): 52-57, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28671546

RESUMO

As a serial entrepreneur in the medical device industry, the author embraces Snowdon's (2017) effort to create and stimulate dialogue among experts in health system innovation in an effort to define and support Canada's innovation agenda. In this paper, he outlines some of the attributes and skills that companies need to launch their products and scale their companies. He also identifies the main conditions of an innovation ecosystem that create the necessary infrastructure to enable and support highly successful companies while allowing them to accelerate their growth.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Difusão de Inovações , Contrato de Risco/organização & administração , Canadá , Contrato de Risco/tendências , Apoio Financeiro , Regulamentação Governamental , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Óptica e Fotônica
17.
Nature ; 545(7654): S4-S9, 2017 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28514412
18.
HIV Med ; 18(5): 376-382, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27601301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: HIV self-testing (HIVST) offers an opportunity to increase HIV testing among people not reached by facility-based services. However, the promotion of HIVST is limited as a consequence of insufficient community engagement. We built a social entrepreneurship testing (SET) model to promote HIVST linkage to care among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) in Guangzhou. METHODS: The SET model includes a few key steps. Each participant first completed an online survey, and paid a US$23 (refundable) deposit to receive an HIVST kit and a syphilis self-testing (SST) kit. After the testing, the results were sent to the platform by the participants and interpreted by Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff. Meanwhile, the deposit was returned to each participant. Finally, the Community based organizations (CBO) contacted the participants to provide counselling services, confirmation testing and linkage to care. RESULTS: During April-June 2015, a total of 198 MSM completed a preliminary survey and purchased self-testing kits. The majority were aged < 34 years (84.4%) and met partners online (93.1%). In addition, 68.9% of participants had ever been tested for HIV, and 19.5% had ever performed HIVST. Overall, feedback was received from 192 participants (97.0%). Of these participants, 14 people did not use the kits; among those who did use the kits, the HIV and syphilis prevalences were 4.5% (eight of 178) and 3.7% (six of 178), respectively. All of the screened HIV-positive individuals sought further confirmation testing and were linked to care. CONCLUSIONS: Using an online SET model to promote HIV and syphilis self-testing among Chinese MSM is acceptable and feasible, and this model adds a new testing platform to the current testing service system.


Assuntos
Contrato de Risco/organização & administração , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Homossexualidade Masculina , Relações Interpessoais , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Autoexame/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
19.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 28(4): 471-478, nov. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-157806

RESUMO

Background: Assessing specific personality traits has shown better predictive power of enterprising personality than have broad personality traits. Hitherto, there have been no instruments that evaluate the combination of specific personality traits of enterprising personality in an adaptive format. So, the aim was to develop a Computerized Adaptive Test (CAT) to assess enterprising personality in young people. Methods: A pool of 161 items was developed and applied to two sets of participants (n1 = 357 students, Mage = 17.89; SDage = 3.26; n2 = 2,693 students; Mage = 16.52, SDage = 1.38) using a stratified sampling method. Results: 107 items that assess achievement motivation, risk-taking, innovativeness, autonomy, self-efficacy, stress tolerance, internal locus of control, and optimism were selected. The assumption of unidimensionality was tested. The CAT demonstrated high precision for a wide range of q, using a mean of 10 items and demonstrating a relatively low Standard Error (0.378). Conclusions: A brief, valid, and precise instrument was obtained with relevant implications for educational and entrepreneurial contexts (AU)


Antecedentes: la evaluación de rasgos específicos de personalidad, respecto a rasgos generales, ha demostrado un mayor poder predictivo de la personalidad emprendedora. Actualmente, no existe ningún instrumento que evalúe el conjunto de rasgos específicos de la personalidad emprendedora que se consideran relevantes en un formato adaptativo. El objetivo fue desarrollar un Test Adaptativo Informatizado (TAI) que permita evaluar la personalidad emprendedora en jóvenes. Método: se desarrolló un banco inicial de 161 ítems, el cual se aplicó a dos conjuntos de participantes (n1 = 357 estudiantes, Medad = 17,89; DTedad = 3,26; n2 = 2.693 estudiantes; Medad = 16,52, DTedad = 1,38) mediante un muestreo estratificado. Resultados: se seleccionaron 107 ítems que evalúan motivación de logro, toma de riesgos, innovación, autonomía, autoeficacia, tolerancia al estrés, locus de control interno y optimismo, sobre los que se comprobó el supuesto de unidimensionalidad. El TAI desarrollado muestra una elevada precisión para un amplio rango de q, empleando una media de 10 ítems y presentando un error típico de las estimaciones relativamente bajo (0,378). Conclusiones: se cuenta con un instrumento breve, válido y preciso con múltiples implicaciones en el contexto educativo y emprendedor (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Contrato de Risco/organização & administração , Contrato de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Personalidade/fisiologia , Inovação , Autonomia Pessoal , Autoeficácia , Logro , Otimismo/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Características Humanas , Estudantes/psicologia , Difusão de Inovações , Contrato de Risco/normas
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