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1.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e931857, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Chronic posterior knee dislocation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare but serious complication, especially when it coexists with septic implant loosening, flexion contracture, and extensive comorbidities. Although the severity is comparable to that in the native knee dislocation, there are few reports in the literature. When TKA dislocation is complicated with infection, bone defect, and patient's comorbidity, treatment becomes even more difficult. For these complex complications, in order to provide stable and mobile knees, constrained total knee prostheses are used. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 63-year-old, non-ambulatory man, with mental retardation and multiple comorbidities, who had a 9-year history of neglected posterior TKA dislocation, which later became complicated with septic loosening and productive fistula for 4 years. The patient required use of a wheel-chair for several years, was obese with a body mass index (BMI) of 34.3, and the affected knee was in a prolonged flexion contracture at 90°. The posterior TKA dislocation was later infected by Staphylococcus hominis and Staphylococcus epidermidis. He was successfully treated with two-stage revision surgery and managed to become ambulatory after 6 years of requiring use of a wheel-chair. CONCLUSIONS Neglected posterior dislocation of TKA is a rare and potentially limp-causing complication, especially when accompanied with chronic infection, implant loosening, severe bone loss, flexion contracture, and extensive comorbidities. A multidisciplinary approach with careful preoperative planning, exceptional surgical technique, and prolonged supervised physiotherapy are the keystones for a successful outcome.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Contratura , Prótese do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(3): 332-336, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476456

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility of applying bilateral free expanded scapular flaps to treat extensive cervicomandibular scar in children and adolescents. METHODS: This study reviewed 7 children and adolescent patients who received bilateral expanded scapular flaps to treat extensive cervicomandibular scars in the Pediatric Plastic Surgery Ward from August 2018 to December 2020. The scars in all patients involved neck, mandible, and anterior chest. The cervical scars involved the anterior neck and one or both sides of the lateral neck, and there were varying degrees of cervical dysfunction and mandibular dysplasia. The operation was completed into two stages. In the first stage, the expanded circumflex scapular artery perforator flaps were designed on both sides of the back and soft tissue expanders were implanted. The expansion process lasted for 6-14 months. In the second stage, the scar tissue was removed and contracture was released, and the expanded flaps were harvested. The cervical wound was repaired with free flap transplantation by anastomosing the facial artery and vein with the circumflex scapular artery and vein. The donor sites were closed directly. RESULTS: In this series of 7 patients, one patient had poorly healed incision after the expander was implanted. One expanded flap ruptured before the second-stage surgery, which was successfully treated by secondary surgery. One patient had expansion problem due to the blockage of the internally placed injection bottle, which was treated by placing the injection bottle externally. One patient developed a small area of ischemic necrosis at the distal end of the flap after transplantation, which was treated conservatively with dressing change. The postoperative follow-up was 6 months to 2 years. The cervico-mandibular angle restored to normal range, the cervical extension, flexion, and rotation were significantly improved. Two patients underwent flap thinning and scar releasing. CONCLUSIONS: The route of the circumflex scapular artery is constant. Bilateral expanded scapular flap transplantation can be used to repair extensive cervicomandibular scar in children and adolescent patients. The flap donor site is concealed and secondary damage is minimal.


Assuntos
Contratura , Retalho Perfurante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Adolescente , Criança , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Contratura/cirurgia , Humanos , Transplante de Pele , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 26(3): 451-454, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380396

RESUMO

Most of the lateral dislocations reported in previous literatures occurred to healthy patients by accident. However, our patient had limping gait, flexion contracture of the elbow, and spasticity in an affected arm due to a traumatic brain lesion 20 years ago. He fell down while taking a walk and presented with a lateral elbow dislocation accompanying tingling sense in ulnar nerve territory of his hand. Open reduction was performed. The torn MCL was reattached and the ulnar nerve was released. In postoperative six months, the range of motion was regained and the neurologic symptoms were resolved. This case shows that flexion contracture of elbow joint and a brain lesion causing motor disturbance of upper extremity could be the specific condition causing lateral elbow dislocation. Open reduction including repair of MCL and decompression of ulnar nerve, seems quite reasonable for the treatment of the lateral elbow dislocation.


Assuntos
Contratura , Luxações Articulares , Braço , Encéfalo , Contratura/complicações , Contratura/diagnóstico , Contratura/cirurgia , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/complicações , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino
4.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 26(3): 432-439, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380412

RESUMO

Background: This is a retrospective case series investigating the outcomes using a dynamic external fixator (DEF) for treatment on severe flexion contractures at the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint. Severe flexion contractures of the PIP joint occurring after multiple operations and neglected over a long period of time are difficult to treat. The recurrence of contracture, even after successful treatment, is inevitable in patients with severe cases. In this study, we defined the severity of PIP joint contracture based on the active range of motion (ROM), soft tissue condition, and duration of the contracture. We also illustrated the strategy, results, and complications of using a DEF with rubber bands in these severe cases. Methods: We studied 11 fingers of 10 patients with PIP joint contracture treated by DEF. These were fixed at a small arc and neglected for an average 4.1 years (range, 1-9 years). The temporal Kirshner wire (K-wire) fixation after achieving an extension via DEF was maintained for 9.1 weeks on average. We retrospectively reviewed the results of these patients with an average 2-year follow-up. Results: Our method yielded favorable results upon retrospective evaluation. The average active ROM of the affected PIP joint improved from 90/96° to 34/83° with a functional arc and good patient satisfaction. The elastic force induced by strong rubber bands was safe and effective. The first step of joint space widening was the key to obtaining a successful joint extension afterwards. Serious progression of osteoarthritis at the PIP joint and pin-site fracture were a complication in each one case. Conclusions: In this study, we evaluate the surgical strategy of using DEFs powered by elastic torque from rubber bands to treat severe cases of flexion contractures of fingers. We first created extension contracture intentionally, followed by promoting flexion movement during follow-up in this group of patients.


Assuntos
Contratura , Fixadores Externos , Articulações dos Dedos , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Articulações dos Dedos/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 41(9): 559-565, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examined the clinical and functional outcomes of the simultaneous anterior distal femoral 8-plate hemiepiphysiodesis (ADF8PH) and hamstring release, for fixed knee flexion deformity in children with neuromuscular disease. To our knowledge, no published evidence is available that reports the outcomes of this combined techniques. METHODS: Electronic medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 19 consecutive children who underwent bilateral ADF8PH and concomitant hamstrings release in our institution from 2012 to 2019. Relevant demographics, Gross Motor Functional Classification Score and preoperative and postoperative knee flexion contractures and popliteal angles were documented. RESULTS: The average age at the time of operation was 12±2.1 years. There were 15 males and 4 females. Diagnoses included cerebral palsy (n=16), Cornelia de Lange syndrome (n=1), hereditary spastic paraplegia type 56 (n=1) and fructose-1,6 bisphosphonate aldose B deficiency (n=1). Mean length of follow-up was 3.8 years (range: 1.5 to 7 y). Mean fixed knee flexion deformity improved from 28.9 to 13.4 degrees (P<0.001) at an average correction rate of 0.94 degrees per month. Mean popliteal angle improved from 81.8 to 44.4 degrees (P<0.001) in the early postoperative phase and to 51.8 degrees (P<0.001) in latest clinic review. Mean time to correction was 18.9 months. The agreed treatment goals of maintaining or promoting the use of standing frame and spinal/postural symmetry was attained in 18 patients (94.7%). Postoperative knee pain was reported in 2 cases (10.5%). We report 2 complications; 1 case of neurapraxia and 1 case of sepsis because of respiratory infection. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous bilateral ADF8PH with hamstrings release is a promising effective technique for correction of knee flexion contractures in skeletally immature individuals with neuromuscular disabilities. Our findings demonstrate improvement in clinical outcomes and maintaining functional outcomes, indicating the validity of this approach as a satisfactory, less invasive alternative in the management of this deformity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV-therapeutic study.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Contratura , Doenças Neuromusculares , Adolescente , Criança , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Doenças Neuromusculares/complicações , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(8): 711-717, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404161

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effect of the fractional carbon dioxide laser in the treatment of contracture scars. Methods: A retrospective before-after self-control study was conducted. From December 2016 to April 2021, 16 patients (7 males and 9 females, aged 3-49 years) with contracture scars causing impaired function of the adjacent joint were admitted to Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. Eighteen joint scars of 16 patients were treated with fractional carbon dioxide laser every 2-3 months until the joint retained its normal range of motion or the effect plateaued. The treatment times of each patient were recorded. Before the first treatment and 6 months after the last treatment, the ranges of motion of the affected joint were measured in each patient, and the difference was calculated, meanwhile, the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) was used to evaluate the scar of each patient. In the treatment of 1 joint scar in each of 6 patients (totally 6 times of treatments), the ranges of motion of the affected joint before the current treatment, immediately after the treatment, and at the first follow-up after the treatment were documented, and the differences between the ranges before and immediately after the treatment as well as between the ranges before and at the first follow-up after the treatment were calculated. Adverse effects after the treatment in the treatment area were documented. At the last follow-up, a self-made questionnaire was used to collect the implementation status of the physical therapy and other scar management modalities during the treatment interval and follow-up period. Data were statistically analyzed with Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: Eighteen joint scars in 16 patients received 2 (1, 3) times of fractional carbon dioxide laser treatment. The range of motion of the affected joint of 16 patients 6 months after the last treatment was 56.5 (39.0, 128.8)°, notably higher than 38.4 (22.9, 116.3)° before the first treatment (Z=-3.724, P<0.01), showing a remarkable improvement by 17.4 (8.0, 24.1)°. The vascular distribution, softness, and thickness scores, and total score in VSS scoring of scars of 16 patients 6 months after the last treatment were significantly lower than those before the first treatment (Z=-2.989, -3.762, -2.814, -3.739, P<0.01), with the most obvious improvement in softness. In 6 times of treatments, the range of motion of the affected joint immediately after treatment and at the first follow-up of (2.5±0.6) months after treatment were 156.2 (148.0, 164.2)° and 160.2 (156.7, 166.4)°, both notably higher than 151.4 (145.7, 155.3)° before treatment (Z=-2.201, -2.201, P<0.05), showing a remarkable improvement by 9.1 (4.4, 13.0)° and 13.1 (8.0, 15.7)°, respectively. No adverse effects such as blisters, infection, or hypertrophic scar formation were observed in the treatment area of 16 patients after treatment. Most patients adopted physical therapy, compression, silicone gel or sheets, and braces during the treatment interval and follow-up period. Conclusions: The fractional carbon dioxide laser can soften the scar and increase the range of motion of the affected joint, which is suitable for the clinical treatment of mild contracture scars.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Cicatriz Hipertrófica , Contratura , Lasers de Gás , Dióxido de Carbono , China , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/patologia , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(30): e26687, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397695

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Escobar syndrome (ES) is an autosomal recessive disorder. It is highly characterized by facial abnormalities, congenital diaphragmatic muscle weakness, myasthenic-like features, and skin pterygiums on multiple body legions. ES is a rare condition associated with many external and internal abnormalities. The internal malformations described in ES affect many organs including the heart, lungs, esophagus, liver, spleen, and intestine. The purpose of this paper is to explore the cardiac manifestations associated with ES. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 3.5-year-old girl, who was born for double first cousins, was admitted to the hospital for neuromuscular evaluation of multiple congenital contractures. DIAGNOSIS: The girl was diagnosed with ES and isolated dextrocardia which is a rare cardiac manifestation. However, to the best of our knowledge, no similar cases have been reported to date, and this case is thus believed to be very rare. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent an operative intervention to correct the bilateral fixed flexion deformity at her knees which was related to the posterior bilateral fibrotic bands/pterygia. OUTCOMES: Post-operatively, complete knee extension was obtained, the patient was fitted with a cast and extension night splint. She was discharged alive and had no complications. The patient was followed regularly in the orthopedic clinic and had periodic physiotherapy sessions. CONCLUSIONS: ES and isolated dextrocardia concurrence in the presented case resulted from different pathogenic mechanisms. Our findings suggest that ES might be caused by dysfunction in the acetylcholine receptor throughout fetal life, which may have affected muscle strength and movement. Other cardiac conditions include hypoplastic left-sided heart, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, patent ductus arteriosus, and heterotaxia.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/etiologia , Hipertermia Maligna/complicações , Anormalidades da Pele/complicações , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/fisiopatologia , Pré-Escolar , Contratura/etiologia , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/etiologia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertermia Maligna/genética , Hipertermia Maligna/fisiopatologia , Arábia Saudita , Anormalidades da Pele/genética , Anormalidades da Pele/fisiopatologia
8.
Ann Plast Surg ; 87(3): 253-259, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although external circular frame (ECF) has been widely used for the correction of knee and ankle deformities, few studies reported the use of ECF for the treatment of severe postburn elbow contracture and stiffness (SPECS). The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of the distraction using ECF in treating SPECS. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we implemented a retrospective single-center case series study composed of consecutive patients treated for SPECS at Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 2010 and January 2018. After scar release and skin grafting, distraction with ECF was performed for 4 to 6 weeks, and the frame was retained for 2 more weeks before removal. Four weeks of splinting and at least 1 year of rehabilitation were recommended. Patient demographics, active and passive range of motion (ROM) of the elbow at different time points (preoperative, postdistraction, and final follow-up), and complications were collected from the electronic medical record. The primary outcome was the long-term improvement of the ROM. Other outcomes included complications and recurrence. RESULTS: The ECF was used to treat SPECS in 6 patients (3 males and 3 females, average age of 11.7 ± 2.6 years). Scar release and distraction with ECF significantly increased both active (from 3° preoperative to 38.7° postdistraction) and passive (from 3.5° preoperative to 48.3° postdistraction) ROM over an average distraction duration of 5.2 weeks. The long-term improvement of active and passive ROM was 38° ± 13.4° and 46° ± 14.7°, respectively, over a median follow-up of 4.1 years. Pin-tract infection occurred in 2 patients and were treated with local wound care and oral antibiotics. A tendon readhesion developed in 1 of the 6 patients because of noncompliance with splinting and physiotherapy, and was treated with revision surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The 3C strategy (i.e., contracture release, coverage of the defect with skin grafting, and correction of articular angle with gradual distraction using the ECF) is able to increase the ROM with minor complications. We recommend distraction with ECF as part of the treatment arsenal, particularly for severe contractures in which 1-stage correction is unfeasible because of considerable soft tissue shortening.


Assuntos
Contratura , Articulação do Cotovelo , Adolescente , Criança , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Cotovelo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMJ Open ; 11(7): e044674, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230015

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Contractures are frequent causes of reduced mobility in children with cerebral palsy (CP) already at the age of 2-3 years. Reduced muscle use and muscle growth have been suggested as key factors in the development of contractures, suggesting that effective early prevention may have to involve stimuli that can facilitate muscle growth before the age of 1 year. The present study protocol was developed to assess the effectiveness of an early multicomponent intervention, CONTRACT, involving family-oriented and supervised home-based training, diet and electrical muscle stimulation directed at facilitating muscle growth and thus reduce the risk of contractures in children at high risk of CP compared with standard care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A two-group, parallel, open-label randomised clinical trial with blinded assessment (n=50) will be conducted. Infants diagnosed with CP or designated at high risk of CP based on abnormal neuroimaging or absent fidgety movement determined as part of General Movement Assessment, age 9-17 weeks corrected age (CA) will be recruited. A balanced 1:1 randomisation will be made by a computer. The intervention will last for 6 months aiming to support parents in providing daily individualised, goal-directed activities and primarily in lower legs that may stimulate their child to move more and increase muscle growth. Guidance and education of the parents regarding the nutritional benefits of docosahexaenic acid (DHA) and vitamin D for the developing brain and muscle growth will be provided. Infants will receive DHA drops as nutritional supplements and neuromuscular stimulation to facilitate muscle growth. The control group will receive standard care as offered by their local hospital or community. Outcome measures will be taken at 9, 12, 18, 24, 36 and 48 months CA. Primary and secondary outcome measure will be lower leg muscle volume and stiffness of the triceps surae musculotendinous unit together with infant motor profile, respectively. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Full approval from the local ethics committee, Danish Committee System on Health Research Ethics, Region H (H-19041562). Experimental procedures conform with the Declaration of Helsinki. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04250454. EXPECTED RECRUITMENT PERIOD: 1 January 2021-1 January 2025.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Contratura , Paralisia Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Pré-Escolar , Contratura/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Educacional Precoce , Humanos , Lactente , Pais , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 561, 2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a disease characterized by the limited function of the hip joint, knee pain, and abnormal gait. There is a lack of research on the effect of GMC on the hip joint structure to date. This study aims to analyze the association between GMC and the deformity of the hip and pelvis. METHODS: Standing anteroposterior pelvic radiographs of 214 patients (152 with gluteal muscle contracture and 62 without gluteal muscle contracture) were retrospectively collected. Neck-shaft angle, lateral center edge angle, Tönnis angle, femoral head coverage index, acetabular depth, Sacro-femoral-pubic angle, and obturator foramen ratio were respectively measured and included in the following statistical analysis. The collected data were analyzed using logistical regression and multiple linear regression to explore the factors influencing coxa valga and SFP angle. RESULTS: GMC was identified as a common factor significantly associated with coxa valga and increased SFP angle. There is a difference of risk factors in logistic regression for coxa valga between the left and right sides. CONCLUSION: GMC is a significant risk factor for coxa valga and increased SFP angle. Given that GMC can cause coxa valga and likely alter the pelvis's position, GMC should be paid attention to and treated early.


Assuntos
Contratura , Coxa Valga , Contratura/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Músculos , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 22(1): 25, 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34173872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of postoperative pain in incidence of shoulder stiffness (SS) after shoulder arthroscopy has not been thoroughly investigated. The present study was conducted to assess the effects of early postoperative pain (EPOP) on onset of SS after arthroscopic rotator cuff (RC) repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database, 335 patients who underwent arthroscopic RC repair were evaluated. RC tendons were sutured to the bone using the double-row technique. EPOP was evaluated 1 week after surgery using the visual analog scale (VAS). SS was assessed 3 months after surgery and was categorized into moderate or severe based on shoulder range of motion (ROM). Each type of complication including SS was identified and recorded. RESULTS: Postoperative shoulder stiffness (POSS) was identified in 121 patients (36.2%) that was moderate in 86 patients (70.1%) and severe in 35 patients (28.9%). After 1 week, VAS pain score was equal to 7.7 ± 3.1 and 4.5 ± 2.1 in the patients with and without stiffness, respectively (p < 0.001). Diabetes and traumatic tear were found to be associated with postoperative stiffness (p = 0.046 and p < 0.001, respectively). Similar associations were found on multivariate analysis of data. VAS pain score was higher in the patients with severe stiffness compared with those with moderate stiffness (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings revealed that EPOP is associated with shoulder stiffness after arthroscopic RC repair. Therefore, strategies to ameliorate EPOP could be opted to decrease rate of POSS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.


Assuntos
Artroplastia/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia , Idoso , Artroplastia/métodos , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Contratura/diagnóstico , Contratura/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Artropatias/diagnóstico , Artropatias/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ann Plast Surg ; 86(6S Suppl 5): S487-S490, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100804

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Adipose fat grafting (AFG) is a popular technique used to add volume in the face, breasts, and other tissue deficient areas of the body. In terms of scar release, not only has fat provided additional soft tissue coverage but also the relief of pain in scars in those patients suffering from disease processes, such as complex regional pain syndrome with steroid-induced atrophy, burn scars, morphea, and lupus. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the senior author's technique and outcomes of using AFG in the face and body for treating volume deficiency, atrophic scarring, and deformities.A retrospective chart review of 127 AFG procedures of the face and body from September 2006 to September 2019 was performed. Of these, 14 patients had scar releases performed with fat grafting of areas of scar contracture. Fat was harvested from the abdomen, thighs, and flanks using Toomey syringes or an enclosed power-assisted system with 3.7- or 3.0-mm cannulas. Grafting in small areas, such as the face, was performed with the 0.9-mm blunt cannula.The majority of AFG was completed in the face (45%), followed by breasts (22%), and scar contracture (16%). The mean volume of fat grafted in procedures involving the breasts, buttocks, and face was 102, 182, and 21 mL, respectively. For scar contracture, the mean volume was 38 mL and for deformations, 27 mL. Sixteen percent of the cohort required at least 1 additional AFG procedure to achieve satisfactory results. There were no major complications, such as skin loss, vascular injury, embolization, or blindness. Minor complications, such as erythema, edema, and hematoma at the fat harvest or graft site, did occur and were managed with local measures.Autologous fat grafting has consistently resulted in volume correction. In addition, in patients with autoimmune disorders, burn scars, and retracted scars, not only has there been volume correction but also decreased pain in the area of treatment. In our series of patients, we described our technique of AFG for the face, body, and scar contracture. Our results demonstrate that AFG remains an inexpensive, safe, and effective treatment option to achieve volume.


Assuntos
Cicatriz , Contratura , Tecido Adiposo , Mama/patologia , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/patologia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo
15.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 353, 2021 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Joint contractures, which affect activity, participation, and quality of life, are common complications of neurological conditions among elderly residents in long-term care facilities. This study examined the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the PaArticular Scales in a population with joint contractures. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. The sample included elderly residents older than 64 years with joint contractures in an important joint who had lived at one of 12 long-term care facilities in Taiwan for more than 6 months (N = 243). The Chinese version of the PaArticular Scales for joint contractures was generated from the English version through five stages: translation, review, back-translation, review by a panel of specialists, and a pretest. Test-retest reliability, internal consistency reliability, construct validity, and criterion validity were evaluated, and the results were compared with those for the World Health Organization Quality of Life scale and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule. RESULTS: The Chinese version of the PaArticular Scales had excellent reliability, with a Cronbach α coefficient of 0.975 (mean score, 28.98; standard deviation, 17.34). An exploratory factor analysis showed three factors and one factor with an eigenvalue > 1 that explained 75.176 and 62.83 % of the total variance in the Activity subscale and Participation subscale, respectively. The subscale-to-total scale correlation analysis showed Pearson correlation coefficients of 0.881 for the Activity subscale and 0.843 for the Participation subscale. Pearson's product-moment correlation revealed that the correlation coefficient (r) between the Chinese version of the PaArticular Scales and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule was 0.770, whereas that for the World Health Organization Quality of Life scale was - 0.553; these values were interpreted as large coefficients. CONCLUSIONS: The underlying theoretical model of the Chinese version of the PaArticular Scales functions well in Taiwan and has acceptable levels of reliability and validity. However, the Chinese version must be further tested for applicability and generalizability in future studies, preferably with a larger sample and in different clinical domains.


Assuntos
Contratura , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , China , Contratura/diagnóstico , Contratura/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan/epidemiologia
16.
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc ; 111(3)2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many people experience gastrocnemius tightness. Few studies demonstrate the relationship between gastrocnemius tightness and forefoot pathology. This study aimed to define the association between intractable plantar keratosis of the second rocker (IPK2) (also known as well-localized IPK or discrete keratosis) and metatarsalgia. METHODS: The Silfverskiöld (ST) and lunge (LT) tests, used for measuring ankle dorsiflexion, were applied to diagnose gastrocnemius tightness. An instrument for measuring accurate performance and the force to be applied (1.7-2.0 kg of force to the ankle dorsiflexion) complemented the ST for clinical diagnosis and to obtain repeatedly reliable results (the authors apply force manually, which is difficult to quantify accurately). RESULTS: Of 122 patients studied, 74 were used to devise a prediction model from a logistic regression analysis that determines the probability of presenting gastrocnemius tightness in each test (LT and ST) with the following variables: metatarsalgia, IPK2, and maximum static pressure (baropodometry). The IPK2 plays the principal role in predicting this pathology, with the highest Wald values (6.611 for LT and 5.063 for ST). Metatarsalgia induces a somewhat lower change (66.7% LT and 64.3% ST). The maximum pressure of the forefoot is equally significant (P = .043 LT and P = .025 ST), taking α < .05 as the significance level. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this validation report confirm that a model composed of metatarsalgia, IPK2, and maximum pressure in static acts as a predictive method for gastrocnemius tightness.


Assuntos
Contratura , Ceratose , Metatarsalgia , , Humanos , Metatarsalgia/diagnóstico , Metatarsalgia/etiologia , Músculo Esquelético
18.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 187(2): 163-167, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34021688

RESUMO

Arachnodactyly, a term used since 1902 to describe abnormally long (spider-like) fingers, is a pathologic feature of several heritable conditions, notably the Marfan syndrome and congenital contractural arachnodactyly. A number of prominent artists, dating from the 16th to the 20th centuries, have depicted subjects with unusually long fingers, sometime associated with elongation of the body, neck and head. El Greco incorporated this style in many paintings. Little evidence supports any subject in any of these paintings as having a congenital deformity.


Assuntos
Aracnodactilia , Contratura , Síndrome de Marfan , Aracnodactilia/genética , Dedos , Humanos , Pescoço
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 481, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indications and cutoff value of deformities to determine surgical procedures for flexed knee gait are not clear. The aim was to determine the influence of none or mild, and moderate preoperative knee flexion contracture on the improvement of gait after orthopedic surgery in children with bilateral cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Inclusion criteria; bilateral CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System level I-III, and pre- and post operative-gait analysis. The 132 individuals identified were categorized into 2 groups based on the severity of knee flexion contracture (group 1: none or less than 11°; group 2: greater than or equal to 11°), and then matched according to the exact same soft tissue and/or bony orthopedic surgical procedures performed. The indication for surgery was to prevent progressive development of knee flexion contracture and stance phase flexed knee gait. Pre- and postoperative physical examination and gait analysis data were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Sixty (30 + 30) children, with mean age 10.6 years in each group, were included. The average follow-up time was 17 months. Gait Deviation Index (GDI) improved in group 1 from mean 66 (SD 19) to 74 (15), p = 0.004, and in group 2 from 60 (13) to 69 (15), p = 0.001. Knee flexion in stance improved in group 1 from 21.4 (16.1) to 12.1 (16.0) degrees, p = 0.002, and in group 2 from 32.2 (14.2) to 17.0 (15.9), p = 0.001. Step length improved in both groups, p = 0.017 and p = 0.008, respectively. Only in group 2 significant improvement was noted in walking speed, p = 0.018 and standing function, Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-D), p = 0.001. Knee flexion contracture decreased in group 1 from mean 4.6 (5.3) to 2.1 (8.3) degrees, p = 0.071 and in group 2 from 17.2 (4.9) to 9.6 (9.3), p = 0.001. There was no statistical difference between groups in pre-post improvement of GDI or other variables, except GMFM-D. CONCLUSIONS: Relative mild to moderate preoperative knee flexion contracture does not influence the short-term improvement of gait after orthopedic surgery in children with bilateral CP.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Contratura , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Paralisia Cerebral/diagnóstico , Paralisia Cerebral/cirurgia , Criança , Contratura/diagnóstico , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Marcha , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(5)2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947670

RESUMO

We present a case of a 25-year-old man who came to our Endocrine Clinic for evaluation of short stature. He had a history of sensorineural hearing loss, hypertrichosis and hyperpigmentation with the thickening of the skin below the hip, gynecomastia and autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. Investigations showed that he had hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. His phenotype was consistent with that of a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis of 'H-syndrome'. The diagnosis was confirmed by genetic analysis using next-generation sequencing which showed a homozygous mutation in the SLC29A3 gene (variant: c.1330G>T (p.Glu444Ter)) which was confirmed by Sanger sequencing. This is a rare syndrome with around 100 cases reported in world literature. Though the skin manifestations are pathognomonic of the H-syndrome, it has myriad presentations like short stature, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, dyslipidaemia, cardiac anomalies and sensorineural hearing loss. We report this case to highlight the constellation of features of this rare syndrome and bring awareness among the physicians to be vigilant about this syndrome.


Assuntos
Contratura , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial , Histiocitose , Hipertricose , Adulto , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Proteínas de Transporte de Nucleosídeos/genética
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