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1.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(11)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363499

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The assumption of responsibility in dealing with chronic diseases is of relevance in a resource-oriented and not only deficit-oriented medicine, especially in dealing with chronic diseases, including patients with chronic heart failure. The aim of the present study is to examine, based on the model of "locus of control", whether there are different patterns that would be relevant for a more targeted education and support of self-management in dealing with heart failure. Materials and Methods: For this purpose, a sample (n = 758) from 11 Polish cardiology centers have been assessed using the standardized self-assessment scale Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC), consisting of three dimensions: (i) internal localization of health control; (ii) external control by powerful others; (iii) external control by chance. Results: Using these three criteria, nine different clusters were extracted (mean size: 84 ± 33 patients, min 31, max 129). Three clusters included over 100 patients, whereas only two included less than 50 people. Only one cluster gathered 42 patients who will be able to cooperate with professionals in the most fruitful way. There were two clusters, including patients with beliefs related to the risk of ignoring professional recommendations. Clusters where patients declared beliefs about others' control with low internal control should also be provided with specific help. Conclusions: The division into clusters revealed significant variability of belief structures about health locus of control within the analyzed group. The presented methodological approach may help adjust education and motivation to a selected constellation of beliefs as a compromise between group-oriented vs. individual approach.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Controle Interno-Externo , Humanos , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Análise por Conglomerados , Autoavaliação (Psicologia)
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361309

RESUMO

Depression rates have increased significantly since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, with a number of factors implicated in this increase, including stress, fear, social isolation and the psychological impact of public health restrictions. The main purpose of the current cross-sectional survey study was to examine the relationship between the experience of public health restrictions, the sense of control and depression, both during and after restrictions were lifted. A survey methodology was chosen, with data collected in the Republic of Ireland at two time points (January 2022 and May 2022). Time 1 participants (n = 314) were invited to repeat the measures 5 months later, with 172 agreeing to be recontacted, and 47 participants completing all measures at two time points. Findings showed that both the sense of control, in relation to perceived constraints, w = 0.43, and the experience of restrictions, w = 0.14, predicted depression at Time 1. Participants were less likely to be depressed at Time 2 and had a stronger sense of control. The Time 1 sense of control through perceived constraints predicted depression at Time 2, w = 0.45. Overall, these data show that public health restrictions and the sense of control are linked and that the sense of control has a powerful and long-lasting effect on depression status in restricted conditions, even once these have been lifted.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Saúde Pública , Estudos Transversais , Controle Interno-Externo
3.
BMJ Open ; 12(10): e061318, 2022 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36307163

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examined the combined effects of behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation, on one hand, and locus of control, on the other hand, on different categories of smoking behaviour (non-smoking, ex-smoking, occasional smoking, daily smoking). DESIGN: This study adopted a cross-sectional design. Participants completed questionnaires regarding demographics, smoking patterns, behavioural inhibition/behavioural activation systems and locus of control. SETTING: The study was conducted across four companies from the transportation, cooling plant and education sectors in Singapore. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred sixty-nine male working adults were included in the final sample. RESULTS: Corroborating previous research, a logistic regression model examining behavioural inhibition/behavioural activation systems revealed that the fun-seeking aspect of behavioural activation was a unique predictor in distinguishing non-smokers from daily smokers (OR=1.24, p=0.012). By contrast, in a separate model examining locus of control, external locus of control was found to be a unique predictor in distinguishing non-smokers from daily smokers (OR=1.13, p<0.001). In addition, a third model combining both behavioural inhibition/behavioural activation systems and locus of control found that only external locus of control remained a significant predictor (OR=1.12, p<0.001). Further analyses revealed a mediating effect of external locus of control on the relationship between fun-seeking and smoking behaviour. That is, the increase in the odds of daily smoking due to fun-seeking was explained by external locus of control (direct pathway OR=1.20, p=0.058; indirect pathway OR=1.04, p<0.050). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, fun-seeking through its influence on external locus of control indirectly affects daily smoking behaviour, suggesting a more complex relationship than shown in previous research.


Assuntos
Controle Interno-Externo , Fumar , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Singapura/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Fumar/epidemiologia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293710

RESUMO

(1) Background: The aim of this study was to explore the role of perceived stress and the health locus of control in Crohn's disease and their influence upon the development of flare-ups of this disease. (2) Methods: Stress and the external locus of control were evaluated in a sample of 64 Crohn's patients (flare-up phase versus latency phase). The perceived stress scale (PSS-14) and the multidimensional health locus of control scale were the measurement instruments used. (3) Results: The results indicate that the patients have high stress levels during a flare-up (26.13; 27.44; 28.79; 29.67); high stress levels (28.07; 29.67; 27.44; 28.07) if they have a high external locus of control; and that the external locus of control and stress levels have a significant influence upon the existence of flare-ups in those patients with low external locus of control levels (χ2 = 11.127; df = 1: p < 0.001). (4) Conclusions: Actions aimed at reducing stress and external locus of control levels are necessary in Crohn's disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Locus of Control (LOC) is a mental disposition indicating the individuals' belief that disease-related outcomes are under their own control (Internal), dependent on others (External), or dependent on chance (Chance). Quality of Life (QoL) and LOC may have complex effects on self-care activities and diabetes management in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the predictive role of LOC and QoL scores on metabolic control in elderly T2D outpatients, secondly evaluating potential gender differences. METHODS: An extensive set of questionnaires was administered to a group of consecutive elderly T2D outpatients on oral glucose-lowering drugs attending a single diabetes center. Personal and clinical variables were analyzed at baseline (between 1 February and 31 March 2015) and after 6 years of follow-up. RESULTS: At baseline, study participants showed an overall good metabolic control. Diabetes Specific Quality of Life (DSQoL) scores indicated an overall good QoL in both genders, with a higher DSQoL satisfaction score in women. Both genders presented higher scores in the LOC-Internal domain, with men reaching higher scores in the LOC-External domain than women. At the 6-years follow-up, subjects with baseline higher LOC-External score presented better metabolic outcome. In the regression analysis, LOC-External score was an independent predictor of good metabolic control maintenance, but this result was only statistically significant in men. CONCLUSIONS: LOC scores may influence long-term glycemic control in elderly T2D patients on oral glucose-lowering drugs.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Controle Interno-Externo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Metaboloma , Glucose
6.
J Psychiatr Res ; 155: 589-595, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Locus of control (LoC) is a social cognition, that relates to the level of self-control that people have over their personal environment that influences their life. In this context, LoC is frequently associated with work-related behavioral outcomes, ranging from job attitudes, career behaviors, stress, and burnout. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between LoC, and work-related behavioral factors, socio-cultural factors, and personal factors among Australian General Practitioners (GPs). METHODS: This study utilized data from the 2010 Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey of doctors. Locus of control (LoC) was measured by a 7-point Likert scale based on Pearlin-Schooler Mastery/Self-efficacy 7-item Scale. Higher score indicated lower internal LoC. Multivariate linear regression model was performed to determine the independent predictors of LoC. RESULTS: Of 3,664 GP participants, LoC did not differ by gender. Poor/fair self-rated health, working in urban location, running a stressful practice, poor balance of professional and personal commitments, poor support network, financial circumstances after retirement, and perception of unrealistic expectation by patients were significant predictors for a lower Internal LoC in a multivariate linear regression model. Adjusted R2 explained 22.4% of variation in predicting the LoC in our models. CONCLUSIONS: LoC of Australian GPs is negatively affected by poor work-life balance, inadequate support, and unrealistic patient expectation. These work-place specific factors could be targeted by interventions to improve GPs wellbeing.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Clínicos Gerais , Austrália , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Curr Opin Psychol ; 47: 101389, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930979

RESUMO

We review recent research on the well-established relationship between sense of control and conspiracy perceptions, identifying challenges and promising new directions. First, we examine recent efforts to distinguish sense of control from adjacent but confounding psychological constructs (including uncertainty, threat, and powerlessness). Second, we discuss the limitations of experimentally manipulating sense of control and the trend toward natural experiments. Finally, we consider boundary conditions that moderate the relationship and clarify the types of conspiracy perceptions that sense of control predicts. By integrating past findings to more precisely define sense of control and its effects on cognition, we hope to identify productive avenues for future research.


Assuntos
Controle Interno-Externo , Humanos , Incerteza
8.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272714, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044403

RESUMO

This paper's aim is to propose a mediation framework and test whether lifestyle choices and social capital are pathways through which locus of control (LoC) affects subjective well-being. Using longitudinal data for Australia, we find that life satisfaction and mental health are explained by direct and indirect effects of LoC. The direct effect is positive, indicating that individuals with an internal LoC have higher levels of life satisfaction and mental health. We also show that physical activity and social interaction are two pathways linking an internal LoC to higher levels of well-being. Our findings provide new insights into the relationship between LoC and subjective well-being and suggest that, if the aim of policy is to improve well-being, the focus should be on enabling people to develop an internal LoC. This may lead to higher well-being both through the identified channels and, more importantly, through the direct channel of LoC.


Assuntos
Controle Interno-Externo , Saúde Mental , Austrália , Humanos
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954772

RESUMO

Previous studies have indicated that social capital and locus of control influence mental health. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of social capital and locus of control on perceived physical and mental health in the general Japanese population during the COVID-19 pandemic. In order to conduct a cross-sectional study, in 2021, three thousand citizens were randomly selected from the Chitose City Resident Register according to ten strata of sex and age classes between 30 years and 79 years. Because thirteen persons moved away from the city, the survey was conducted for the remaining 2987 citizens. A total of 1430 citizens (712 males, 718 females) responded to the survey with their written informed consent (response rate, 47.9%). As a result, social capital measured three dimensions, namely social support, social participation, and trust and reciprocity, and internal locus of control was significantly inversely associated with it, but external locus of control was significantly positively associated with impaired physical and mental health in male and female subjects after adjustment of lifestyle habits and lifestyle change affected by the pandemic. Strengthening social capital and internal locus of control, and weakening external locus of control, may improve physical and mental health, even if the pandemic would bring about distress. Further longitudinal study is needed to examine the causal relationship among them.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Capital Social , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias , Apoio Social
10.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271289, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35816496

RESUMO

The Internal-External Locus of Control Short Scale-4 (IE-4) measures two dimensions of the personality trait locus of control with two items each. IE-4 was originally developed and validated in German and later translated into English. In the present study, we assessed the psychometric properties (i.e., objectivity, reliability, validity) of the English-language IE-4, compared these psychometric properties with those of the German-language source version, and tested measurement invariance across both language versions. Using heterogeneous quota samples from the UK and Germany, we find that the English-language adaptation has satisfactory reliability and plausible correlations with 11 external variables (e.g., general self-efficacy, self-esteem, impulsive behavior, Emotional Stability), which are comparable with those of the German-language source version. Moreover, metric measurement invariance of the scale holds when comparing the UK and Germany, implying the comparability of correlations based on the latent factors across the two nations. As an ultra-short scale (completion time < 30 s), IE-4 lends itself particularly to the assessment of locus of control in survey contexts in which assessment time or questionnaire space are limited. It can be applied in a variety of research disciplines, such as psychology, sociology, or economics.


Assuntos
Controle Interno-Externo , Idioma , Alemanha , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Violence Against Women ; 28(15-16): 3785-3800, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35708185

RESUMO

To elucidate individual differences in sexual assault survivor outcomes, we examined locus of control as a moderator of the relationship between victim blaming and both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and unhealthy alcohol use. The sample consisted of 82 female sexual assault survivors who had disclosed their victimization to at least one person. The results of this survey demonstrated that locus of control did not moderate the relationship between victim blaming and PTSD, or the relationship between victim blaming and unhealthy alcohol use. The findings further supported the direct relationship between victim blaming and a range of negative mental health outcomes among survivors.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Delitos Sexuais , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde
13.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 60(11): 41-47, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35763395

RESUMO

A cross-sectional study was performed to examine the incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among adolescent survivors 2 years after the 2017 Jiuzhaigou earthquake, and to identify risk factors and their interaction effects. A total of 4,131 adolescents were recruited. PTSD was assessed using the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, and locus of control (LOC) and coping strategy were assessed using the Internality, Powerful Others and Chance Scale and Coping Styles Scale, respectively. The prevalence of PTSD was 5% and the relationship between external LOC and PTSD and negative coping and PTSD seemed moderated by environmental factors. These factors should be considered along with external LOC, especially among adolescents with high levels of earthquake exposure. Positive coping strategies may help adolescents manage stress after a severe earthquake. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 60(11), 41-47.].


Assuntos
Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adolescente , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Controle Interno-Externo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , China/epidemiologia
14.
Prev Med ; 161: 107114, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718118

RESUMO

The aim was to investigate associations between health locus of control (HLC) and all-cause, cardiovascular (CVD), cancer and other cause mortality. A public health postal questionnaire was distributed in the autumn of 2008 to a stratified random sample of the 18-80 year old adult population in Scania in southernmost Sweden. The participation rate was 54.1%, and 25,517 participants were included in the present study. Baseline 2008 survey data was linked to cause of death register data to create a prospective cohort with 8.3-year follow-up. Associations between health locus of control and mortality were investigated in survival (Cox) regression models. Prevalence of internal HLC was 69.0% and external HLC 31.0% among women. Internal HLC was 67.6% and external HLC 32.4% among men. In the models with women and men combined, external HLC had significantly higher all-cause, CVD, cancer and other cause mortality even after adjustments for sociodemographic factors and chronic disease at baseline, but after the introduction of health-related behaviors, external HLC only displayed higher cancer mortality compared to internal HLC. External HLC displayed higher all-cause, cancer and other cause mortality for men in the final model adjusted for health-related behaviors, but not for women. Other pathways than health-related behaviors may exist for the association between external HLC and cancer mortality, particularly among men.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Neoplasias , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Transplant Proc ; 54(4): 995-1001, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adherence to health behaviors and to immunosuppressant medications are variables among heart transplant recipients with potential life-threatening outcomes. It is understood that patients with psychosocial barriers are at increased risk of poor outcomes due to various factors. Health locus of control includes any activity that can be done to prevent health problems. Health locus of control is defined as individual beliefs based on past experiences in health issues and having internal and or external control. The literature suggests that patients with a strong internal locus of control have a sense of responsibility for their health behaviors. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of the health locus of control on the level of self-reported health behaviors among organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used for this study. The study group comprises 222 individuals after heart, kidney, lung, and liver transplantation. The following standardized tools were used: The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control, The Health Behavior Inventory, Morisky Medication-Taking Adherence Scale 4-item. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS. The level of significance for the statistical test was set at 0.05. RESULTS: Powerful Others scored the highest among the 3 Health Locus of Control scales in heart, kidney, and liver recipients. Participants paid little attention to Healthy eating habits; however, the total score of the Health Behavior Inventory was high (91.68-94.40). There was a difference between the kind of transplant and center for 4 aspects of health behavior. Higher scores of The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control were associated with higher scores of Health Behaviors and level of adherence. Greater Powerful Others and Internal Health Locus of control predict higher health behaviors explaining 42 % of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: The intensification of declared health behaviors is high. However, in educating posttransplant patients, attention should be paid to strengthening proper healthy eating habits. Associations between health locus of control dimensions and health behavior have been shown among transplant recipients. The health locus of control significantly predicts the intensity of health behaviors. these findings support the need to consider health control beliefs while designing preventive strategies in this group of patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Transplantados , Estudos Transversais , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Adesão à Medicação/psicologia
16.
Riv Psichiatr ; 57(3): 123-126, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695682

RESUMO

The term "Locus of Control" has been defined by Rotter (1954) as a general attitude regarding the nature of the causal relationship between one's behavior and its consequences. External Locus of Control Behavior represents an important factor of psychopathological vulnerability and can increase people's vulnerability to psychosis. Using the Craig Scale (1984), we investigated the Locus of Control Behavior in a sample of patients at high risk of psychosis compared to schizophrenia patients and mood disorder patients. Furthermore, we investigated the possible correlation between an external Locus of Control and psychopathological dimensions such as aberrant salience, and attenuated positive and negative symptoms.


Assuntos
Transtornos Psicóticos , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Psicopatologia
17.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 529, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764947

RESUMO

The dominant model of childbirth in most Western countries is medicalized childbirth. Women's beliefs about whether childbirth should be a medicalized process to a greater or lesser degree may be related, in addition to contextual factors, to internal factors. The objective of the study is to find out if women's locus of control (LC) and stress coping strategies (CS) are related to having a more favourable or less favourable attitude towards medicalization (ATMC). A cross-sectional study was carried out with the participation of 248 women recruited in primary care centres by their midwives. All the women filled in answers on a mobile phone app with various different measurement instruments: the questionnaire created by Benyamini to evaluate their ATMC; the Spanish version of the Wallston MLC to evaluate their LC; and the Spanish adaptation of the "Revised Prenatal Coping Inventory (NuPCI)" scale for the assessment of their CS. The women presented a favourable attitude towards medicalization, with a mean ATMC score of 3.42. Both the LC and the CS of women during pregnancy are related to this attitude. Specifically, having an internal LC and using preparative CS both lower the probability of presenting a favourable attitude towards medicalization, while the lack of a paid job raises the probability. For each point in internal locus and preparatory coping, the ATMC score decreased by 0.02 and 0.23 points, respectively, while it increased by 0.18 for not having a paid job. The influence of these psychological factors must be taken into account in the development of content and interventions that promote a more natural birth.


Assuntos
Controle Interno-Externo , Medicalização , Adaptação Psicológica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Parto , Gravidez
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective method for achieving accelerated weight loss. However, in the short- and medium-term, between 20% and 40% of patients regain a significant percentage of the weight lost. Cognitive and attitudinal psychological variables contribute to explaining weight regain. The aim of this study was to analyze differences in self-efficacy, locus of control, and attributions among bariatric patients, in accordance with weight maintenance or weight regain. METHODS: Participants were classified according to weight regain (≥15% weight regain) and weight maintenance (<15% weight regain). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was employed to assess the diagnostic value of the locus of control for weight loss and to establish a cutoff point to differentiate those who maintained weight loss from those who regained more than 15% of the weight lost. RESULTS: Those who maintained weight loss showed a statistically higher locus of control ratio than those who regained weight. The locus of control ratio was associated with a lower risk of weight regain (odds ratio 0.760, p = 0.018). Using the area under the ROC curve (AUC), the locus of control significantly identified those who maintained weight (AUC = 0.761; p = 0.001). The maximum combination of sensitivity and specificity was shown at the cutoff point of 39. Qualitative results show a difference in the type of attributions and expectations according to current weight maintenance or weight regain status. CONCLUSION: Participants' self-efficacy expectations, locus of control, and attributions change in accordance with the outcome achieved in terms of weight regain or weight maintenance.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Derivação Gástrica , Obesidade Mórbida , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Motivação , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autoeficácia , Aumento de Peso , Redução de Peso
19.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(9): 7545-7551, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674794

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Oncologists are exposed to suffering, loss, and death, and as a result may experience guilt. The study examined two competing hypotheses regarding the relation between locus of control (LOC) and guilt among oncologists and the mediating role of helplessness. METHOD: Eighty-three oncologists answered a demographic questionnaire; the Levenson's "Internal, Powerful Others, and Chance" scale; the Guilt Inventory; and the Learned Helplessness Scale. RESULTS: Oncologists reported moderate levels of guilt, high levels of internal LOC, and low levels of external LOC and helplessness. The results indicate a significant negative relationship between internal LOC and guilt and a significant positive relationship between external LOC (powerful others) and guilt, both mediated by helplessness. It seems that oncologists with external LOC feel helplessness and this metamorphoses into guilt, due to its potentially protective role against feelings of helplessness. CONCLUSIONS: Oncologists are at risk for guilt. Whereas an internal LOC plays an important role as a resilience factor in terms of helplessness, an external LOC is a risk factor for helplessness and guilt. A paradoxical association between guilt and helplessness was found. The implication of which is that guilt may be produced to avoid helplessness; in other words, guilt, however painful, might be preferable to feeling helpless. Interventions focusing on oncologists' coping with uncontrolled situations in their daily work, decreasing their sense of helplessness and guilt, should be implanted.


Assuntos
Antídotos , Oncologistas , Culpa , Desamparo Aprendido , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo
20.
J Safety Res ; 81: 297-304, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589300

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study focused on the impact of safe driving climate among friends on prosocial and aggressive driving behaviors for young Chinese drivers, arguing for the moderating role of traffic locus of control. METHOD: Three hundred and fifty-two young Chinese drivers aged 18 to 25 years agreed to participate in this study and completed the questionnaire, which included items related to safe driving climate among friends, traffic locus of control, and prosocial and aggressive driving behaviors. RESULTS: Safe driving climate among friends and traffic locus of control had direct effects on prosocial and aggressive driving behaviors. More importantly, internal locus of control moderated the relationship between communication on prosocial driving behavior and the relationship between shared commitment to safe driving and aggressive driving behavior. External locus of control moderated the relationship between social costs and prosocial driving behavior and the relationships between shared commitment to safe driving and prosocial and aggressive driving behaviors. It can be inferred that the effects of safe driving climate on prosocial and aggressive driving behaviors varied with their levels of traffic locus of control. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: This study enriches current theoretical frameworks and may be applied in the development of interventions and training for young drivers from the perspective of safe driving climate among friends and traffic locus of control.


Assuntos
Direção Agressiva , Condução de Veículo , Acidentes de Trânsito , Amigos , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Assunção de Riscos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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