Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 17.950
Filtrar
1.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 437, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An internal locus of control (LoC I) refers to the belief that the outcome of events in one's life is contingent upon one's actions, whereas an external locus of control (LoC E) describes the belief that chance and powerful others control one's life. This study investigated whether LoC I and LoC E moderated the relationship between COVID-19 stress and general mental distress in the general population during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study analysed data from a Norwegian (n = 1225) and a German-speaking sample (n = 1527). We measured LoC with the Locus of Control-4 Scale (IE-4), COVID-19 stress with a scale developed for this purpose, and mental distress with the Patient Health Questionnaire 4 (PHQ-4). Moderation analyses were conducted using the PROCESS macro for SPSS. RESULTS: The association between COVID-19 stress and general mental distress was strong (r = .61 and r = .55 for the Norwegian and the German-speaking sample, respectively). In both samples, LoC showed substantial moderation effects. LoC I served as a buffer (p < .001), and LoC E exacerbated (p < .001) the relation between COVID-19 stress and general mental distress. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic is easier to bear for people who, despite pandemic-related strains, feel that they generally have influence over their own lives. An external locus of control, conversely, is associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety. The prevention of mental distress may be supported by enabling a sense of control through citizen participation in policy decisions and transparent explanation in their implementation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Controle Interno-Externo , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico
2.
Crim Behav Ment Health ; 31(5): 297-309, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ability to cope with failure and subsequent feedback is crucial for prisoner rehabilitation. Impaired executive function in prisoners, high trait aggression and external locus of control can undermine the capacity to react to feedback in socially adaptive ways. AIM: To investigate the relationships between aggression, locus of control, and attribution in an experimental task involving feedback about failure and success. METHODS: Two groups were compared: 1. Imprisoned men, 2. Community living men without a history of incarceration. Aggression, locus of control and reasoning ability were assessed by means of psychometric instruments. An experimental task building on cognitive ability and providing performance-related feedback was carried out. Attributions of failure and success were measured using an ad hoc rating scale. RESULTS: Prisoners reported higher levels of aggression and generalised externality, but poorer reasoning ability than the comparison group. Aggression was associated with external locus of control. In the experimental task, the community group showed higher success rates; higher scores on the task were correlated with less external attribution of own performance. Higher external locus of control and lower reasoning ability were independently associated with being a prisoner in a logistic regression model. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Men in prison were characterised by greater social and fatalistic externality paired with lower reasoning ability than never incarcerated community men. In-prison rehabilitation strategies should pay early attention to improving reasoning ability and enabling men to recognise likely overuse of externally attributing their difficulties to fate, then helping them to become more realistic in their attributions and make use of realistic feedback.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros , Prisões , Agressão , Cognição , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Masculino
3.
Psychol Aging ; 36(5): 626-641, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351187

RESUMO

Although the benefits of positive affect in old age have been well established, little is known about the late-life salience or adaptive value of discrete positive emotions that have contrasting motivational functions. In two studies, we examined the prevalence and health consequences of individual differences in positive emotions posited to motivate a present-focused mindset that fosters rest and recovery (calmness) or a future-focused mindset that motivates pursuit of novelty and stimulation (excitement). Study 1 was based on a 1-week daily diary study (n = 146) that assessed the salience of these discrete emotions in older adults (M age = 75, SD = 6.82) relative to younger adults (M age = 23, SD = 3.91). Results from multilevel models showed that older adults experienced higher average levels of calmness and lower levels of excitement in comparison to younger adults. Study 2 was based on a 10-year study (n = 336, M age = 75, SD = 6.64) and examined the longitudinal health consequences of individual differences in calmness and excitement for older adults who perceived varying levels of control over their life circumstances. Results from multilevel growth models showed that calmness, but not excitement, buffered against longitudinal declines in psychological well-being (perceived stress, depressive symptoms) and physical health (physical symptoms, chronic conditions) for older adults experiencing low control circumstances. Findings inform theories of emotional aging in showing that positive emotions with disparate motivational functions become more or less salient with age and have diverging consequences for health in late life. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Nível de Alerta , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Emoções , Envelhecimento Saudável/psicologia , Motivação , Prazer , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204114

RESUMO

It is widely documented that negative body image is a significant public health concern due to its association with symptoms of disordered eating and worse psychological well-being. The purpose of the study was to develop a path model of intrapersonal dimensions (self-efficacy and internal locus of control) as antecedents of perceived stress toward females' body dissatisfaction and eating attitude disorders. A total of 300 females, including 100 aspiring fashion models, 100 athletes and 100 students (controls), between 15 and 24 years of age (M = 19.6, SD = 1.85) participated in the study. Measures included level of psychological stress, self-efficacy and locus of control dimensions, body dissatisfaction and eating attitude disorder indices. A path analysis confirmed our research hypothesis. Comparing the three subsamples, we found better fit indexes in the two subgroups with elevated investment on their body image with respect the control group. More specifically, the model in the group of aspiring fashion models showed the best fit index. These results indicated that aspiring fashion models have a strong desire to maintain their low body mass or to become thinner. For this reason, a suitable involvement of expert health workers in the nutritional and psychological field could be extremely essential in the fashion world to maintain a healthier well-being.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Atletas , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Autoimagem , Autoeficácia , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Int J Equity Health ; 20(1): 167, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Population segmentation and risk stratification are important strategies for allocating resources in public health, health care and social care. Social exclusion, which is defined as the cumulation of disadvantages in social, economic, cultural and political domains, is associated with an increased risk of health problems, low agency, and as a consequence, a higher need for health and social care. The aim of this study is to test social exclusion against traditional social stratifiers to identify high-risk/high-need population segments. METHODS: We used data from 33,285 adults from the 2016 Public Health Monitor of four major cities in the Netherlands. To identify at-risk populations for cardiovascular risk, cancer, low self-rated health, anxiety and depression symptoms, and low personal control, we compared relative risks (RR) and population attributable fractions (PAF) for social exclusion, which was measured with the Social Exclusion Index for Health Surveys (SEI-HS), and four traditional social stratifiers, namely, education, income, labour market position and migration background. RESULTS: The analyses showed significant associations of social exclusion with all the health indicators and personal control. Particular strong RRs were found for anxiety and depression symptoms (7.95) and low personal control (6.36), with corresponding PAFs of 42 and 35%, respectively. Social exclusion was significantly better at identifying population segments with high anxiety and depression symptoms and low personal control than were the four traditional stratifiers, while the two approaches were similar at identifying other health problems. The combination of social exclusion with a low labour market position (19.5% of the adult population) captured 67% of the prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms and 60% of the prevalence of low personal control, as well as substantial proportions of the other health indicators. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the SEI-HS is a powerful tool for identifying high-risk/high-need population segments in which not only ill health is concentrated, as is the case with traditional social stratifiers, but also a high prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms and low personal control are present, in addition to an accumulation of social problems. These findings have implications for health care practice, public health and social interventions in large cities.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Depressão , Controle Interno-Externo , Isolamento Social , Saúde da População Urbana , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública , Medição de Risco/métodos , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Saúde da População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Phys Ther Sport ; 50: 145-152, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to examine psychological factors during rehabilitation of patients with Achilles or patellar tendinopathy as well as the association between psychological factors and tendinopathy severity, sport participation, and satisfaction with activity level and tendon function. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING: online survey platform. PARTICIPANTS: 119 patients (mean age: 44 years (SD 14)) diagnosed with Achilles or patellar tendinopathy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A range of patient-reported psychological and outcome measures were recorded. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to establish the association between each psychological factor and outcome measures, adjusted for relevant confounders. RESULTS: Psychological readiness and confidence to return to sports (I-PRRS) and pain catastrophizing (PCS) were significantly associated with tendinopathy severity (modified VISA), sport participation(OSTRC-O), and satisfaction. Kinesiophobia (TSK) and the importance to patients of returning to pre-injury activity level were significantly associated with sports participation and satisfaction. CONCLUSION: The current study provides evidence of impairments in psychological factors during rehabilitation of patients with Achilles and patellar tendinopathy. Most investigated psychological factors were associated with tendinopathy severity, function, participation, and satisfaction. Physical therapists should recognize patients with lack of psychological readiness to return to sports and also patients with kinesiophobia or catastrophizing thoughts when experiencing pain.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo/lesões , Ligamento Patelar/lesões , Tendinopatia/psicologia , Tendinopatia/reabilitação , Tendão do Calcâneo/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/psicologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/reabilitação , Catastrofização , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ligamento Patelar/fisiopatologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Volta ao Esporte/psicologia , Tendinopatia/fisiopatologia
7.
Prev Med ; 149: 106612, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33989673

RESUMO

Accumulating research indicates robust associations between sense of control and salutary health and well-being outcomes. However, whether change in sense of control is associated with subsequent outcomes has been under-evaluated. Participants (N = 12,998) were from the Health and Retirement Study-a diverse, nationally representative, and longitudinal sample of U.S. adults aged >50 years. We examined how increase in sense of control (from t0:2006/2008 to t1: 2010/2012) was associated with better outcomes on 35 indicators of: physical-, behavioral-, and psychosocial-health (t2:2014/2016). We used multiple logistic-, linear-, and generalized-linear regression models and controlled for sociodemographic characteristics, personality traits, sense of control, and all outcomes in the pre-baseline wave (t0:2006/2008). During the 4-year follow-up, people in the highest (vs. lowest) quartile of sense of control, conditional on prior sense of control, had reduced risk of mortality and improved physical-health outcomes (lower risk of: stroke, lung disease, physical limitations, cognitive impairment, chronic pain and higher self-rated health). Sense of control was related to better health-behaviors (increased physical activity, reduced sleep problems), higher psychological well-being (positive affect, life satisfaction, optimism, purpose, personal-, health-, financial-mastery), lower psychological distress (depression, hopelessness, negative affect, perceived constraints), decreased loneliness, and increased contact with friends. Sense of control was unrelated to other physical health indicators (diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, cancer, arthritis, overweight/obesity), health behaviors (binge drinking, smoking), and social factors (living with spouse/partner, frequency of contact with children and other family). These findings underscore the importance of sense of control as a potential intervention target for fostering physical-, behavioral-, and psychosocial-health.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Controle Interno-Externo , Idoso , Criança , Humanos , Solidão , Otimismo , Aposentadoria
8.
AJOB Neurosci ; 12(2-3): 189-191, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960889
9.
AJOB Neurosci ; 12(2-3): 187-189, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960890
10.
AJOB Neurosci ; 12(2-3): 206-208, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960892
11.
Public Health Nurs ; 38(5): 770-780, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to develop and evaluate a theoretical model to explain the relationships among participation in individual and social activities, compliance with prevention guidelines, and the perception of fatalism and fear of COVID-19. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 1,067 participants who were >18 years of age living in different provinces of Turkey recruited between August 15, 2020 and October 15, 2020. We used covariant structural analysis to assess the relationships of the constructs of the theoretical model. RESULTS: Significant fits were detected for Model 1 (χ2  = 924,389, p < .001, comparative fit index or CFI = 0.944), and for Model 2 (χ2  = 2,253,751, p < .001, CFI = 0.926). The predetermination and luck subdimensions reduce the fear of COVID-19, while the pessimism subdimension and compliance with preventive measures increase the fear. CONCLUSION: In public health crises such as COVID-19, it is important to plan scientific knowledge-based public education; take initiatives in accordance with the cultural, social, economic, religious, and local characteristics of the societies; and conduct public health studies covering the whole society.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medo , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Controle Interno-Externo , Pandemias , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Turquia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923124

RESUMO

This article reports the results of a survey of 455 Polish primary school sixth-graders experiencing changes in the education system. The goal of the study was to identify the relationships between the Big Five personality traits, measured with the picture-based personality survey for children (PBPS-C) and locus of control, determined using the locus of control questionnaire (LOCQ). The results lead to the conclusion that primary school students do not have an established locus of control of either success or failure. There are also no significant differences between boys and girls in the way they interpret the causes of situations and events that happen to them. Boys, compared to girls, scored significantly higher on traits related to seeking and enjoying the company of others. On the other hand, girls exhibited significantly higher levels of traits responsible for increased anxiety than boys. The personality traits that correlated the strongest with locus of control were Conscientiousness, Openness to Experience, and Agreeableness. A regression model showed that locus of control of success was significantly affected by two traits: Extraversion and Conscientiousness. Locus of control of failure was significantly predicted by Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness (positively), and Neuroticism (negatively). Regression model with gender as a moderator of relationships between personality traits and locus of control turned out to be insignificant.


Assuntos
Controle Interno-Externo , Personalidade , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes
13.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 79(3): 222-228, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Headache-Specific Locus of Control (LOC) refers to individuals' beliefs about their control over the onset, course and consequences of headaches. LOC beliefs have been associated with depression, coping strategies, headache-related disability and treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To test the cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of a Brazilian version of the Headache-Specific Locus of Control Scale (HSLC). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four migraine outpatients completed the HSLC and provided measurements of psychopathological symptoms, pain catastrophizing, depression, anxiety, quality of life and headache-related disability. RESULTS: The three-factor structure of the HSLC (LOC-P, LOC-C and LOC-I) was confirmed in the Brazilian sample. The instrument showed good internal consistency, with Cronbach's α of 0.77 for total HSLC and 0.70, 0.83 and 0.87, for LOC-P, LOC-C and LOC-I, respectively. LOC-C correlated with headache frequency and headache intensity. Along with headache intensity, depression and pain catastrophizing, LOC-I accounted for 45% of the variance (adjusted R2=0.45; F=12.97; p<0.01) in headache-related disability. CONCLUSIONS: The Brazilian version of the HSLC is a valid and reliable measure of headache-specific LOC beliefs. It is important to consider the balance between the three LOCs for each individual, instead of interpreting them separately.


Assuntos
Controle Interno-Externo , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Cefaleia , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805732

RESUMO

This study was aimed at providing practical information to improve Korean adolescents' wellness by empirically identifying its correlation with sports participation and having an internal health locus of control (IHLC) during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study comprised both a pilot test and a main study. We recruited 844 Korean adolescents as subjects in January 2021 to participate in an online self-reported survey. The reliability and validity of the scales used (sports participation, IHLC, and wellness) were verified through a pilot test. In the main study, we verified the differences between all variables according to adolescents' demographic characteristics and the structural relationship of sports participation, IHLC, and wellness. Sports participation had a positive effect on IHLC (p < 0.001) and wellness (p < 0.001). Additionally, IHLC had a positive effect on wellness (p < 0.001). In juvenile educational institutions, there is a need to develop strategies to increase wellness, sports participation, and IHLC among adolescent students, which can improve their wellness in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Controle Interno-Externo , Adolescente , Humanos , Pandemias , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2
15.
J Psychol ; 155(4): 375-386, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830891

RESUMO

Patients with cancer are included in vulnerable groups with a low quality of life. Accordingly, this study aimed to explore the relationship between coping strategies and locus of control with the quality of life in women with early-stage breast cancer. A total of 224 women with breast cancer (Mage = 36.82; SDage = 11.21) were selected using convenience sampling from general hospitals and cancer treatment centers in Tehran, Iran, and completed measures included Multidimensional Coping Inventory, Locus of Control of Behavior Scale, and World Health Organization Quality of Life. The results of the current study showed significant relationships between coping strategies and locus of control with the quality of life in women suffering from breast cancer. Moreover, the results of hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that the locus of control (ß = - .47), task-focused coping style (ß = .27), and emotion-focused coping strategy (ß = - .19) were significant predictors of the patients' quality of life. Quality of life of the women with early-stage breast cancer may be improved by helping them to adopt more task-focused coping strategies and internal locus of control.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Qualidade de Vida , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Irã (Geográfico)
17.
Dev Psychol ; 57(4): 535-547, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661670

RESUMO

Thirty-one children of gay single fathers and 28 children of heterosexual single fathers, all born through surrogacy, were compared with 31 children of gay partnered fathers through surrogacy and 30 children of heterosexual partnered fathers through in-vitro fertilization on their perceptions of self-worth and their father- and caregiver-reported internalizing and externalizing behaviors. For children of single fathers, the study also examined associations between aspects related to their surrogacy conception, feelings about their family arrangement, and behavioral adjustment. All children (47.5% girls) were aged 6-12 years (Mmonths = 97.84, SD = 20.50) and living in Italy; all fathers (Myears = 43.79; SD = 6.42) identified as cisgender, reported a medium-to-high socioeconomic status, and were White (with the exception of one gay partnered father). No differences were found across the four family groups in any behavioral outcome, with children demonstrating, on average, high levels of self-worth and low levels of internalizing and externalizing problems. In single-father families, regardless of the father's sexual orientation, children with a weaker understanding of surrogacy, lower satisfaction with their contact with the gestational carrier, and lower comfort with their family arrangement were associated with more externalizing problems. Furthermore, children's female gender and lower satisfaction with their contact with the gestational carrier were associated with more internalizing problems, whereas children's male gender and greater understanding of surrogacy were associated with higher self-worth. Taken together, these findings do not support the commonly held assumption that the combination of surrogacy conception and single fatherhood is detrimental for children's behavioral adjustment. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Relações Pai-Filho , Pai , Heterossexualidade , Homossexualidade Masculina , Pais Solteiros , Mães Substitutas , Criança , Pai/psicologia , Pai/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Itália , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Autoimagem , Fatores Sexuais , Pais Solteiros/psicologia , Pais Solteiros/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Child Maltreat ; 26(3): 255-266, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate household exposure to COVID-19 related stress and the association with parent report of neglectful, harsh, and positive discipline practices. METHODS: Cross sectional survey data was collected from 2,068 parents in the Northeastern US. Parents reported personal and household experiences of COVID-19 stressors, their level of distress, and use of neglectful parenting and discipline practices for a randomly selected child in their home. Analyses estimated rates of COVID-19 related stress and parenting practices. Logistic regression was used to assess the relation of COVID-19 stress to parenting behaviors. RESULTS: Individual and household stressor level, as well as distress were each positively associated with likelihood of neglect. Personal exposure to stressors was minimally related to discipline, but household stressor level and parents' distress were positively associated with harsh and positive discipline. DISCUSSION: Indicators of COVID-19 stress (e.g., exposure to stressors and distress) each uniquely predicted parents' use of neglect, particularly physical and family-based sub-types, and use of harsh and positive discipline practices. Results suggest that parents may require additional support to provide appropriate care for their children while coping with the increased rates of stress associated with the pandemic and the resulting public health response.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Educação Infantil/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Punição/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Pais/psicologia
19.
Stress Health ; 37(4): 790-800, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687801

RESUMO

Research focussing on individual biopsychosocial processes leading to physical pain as a health condition is rare. The present study investigated sense of control as a mechanism linking early midlife stress to later-life physical pain for husbands and wives in long-term marriages. Using data from 508 rural husbands and wives over 27 years (1991-2017) with respondents in their early middle years (<42 years on average) in 1991 and in their later years (>67 years on average) in 2017, this study utilized a comprehensive analytical model in an structural equation modelling framework. Family financial stress (FFS) trajectories in early middle years were associated with depleted sense of control, which was related to increased physical pain in later years after controlling for concurrent physical illness, family income and age. In cross-lagged analyses FFS influenced physical pain over mid-later years. Physical pain also influenced FFS, suggesting a bi-directional association between FFS and physical pain. Findings elucidate how early midlife FFS influences the progression of physical pain over mid-later years through sense of control. Findings suggest effective intervention and prevention programs should focus on FFS in early years of adulthood as well as the maintenance and development of adults' sense of control.


Assuntos
Controle Interno-Externo , Cônjuges , Adulto , Humanos , Casamento , Dor/epidemiologia , População Rural
20.
Psychiatr Hung ; 36(1): 53-66, 2021.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686015

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several studies have investigated the relationship between personality and psychoactive substance use. Researches of personality and marijuana use suggests that certain personality traits differentiate between occasional and regular marijuana consumers. Understanding the relationship between individual persona - lity traits and marijuana use is a key step in the development of prevention and treatment methods. In the current study, we present the development of emotion regulation difficulties, coping with stress, impulsivity, external-internal control and sensation seeking in occasional and regular marijuana users. METHODS: 322 people participated in our study, within this 51 occasional and 56 regular marijuana users and 215 non-marijuana users who formed the control group. The examined personality traits were measured with the Diffi - culties in Emotion Regulation Scale, the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, the Internal-External Locus of Control Scale and the Sensation Seeking Scale. RESULTS: Varying levels of marijuana use increased difficulty in emotion regulation as well as impulsivity. Addi tio nally, the use of emotion-oriented coping strategies were most common in occasional and regular marijuana use. Regular marijuana users were more likely to have external control than occasional users. Non-marijuana users were less sen - sation seekers that the two groups of marijuana users, however, we did not find significant difference between occasio nal and regular users.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Cannabis/efeitos adversos , Regulação Emocional , Comportamento Impulsivo , Controle Interno-Externo , Uso da Maconha/psicologia , Personalidade , Sensação , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...