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4.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48316

RESUMO

Como reflexo do trabalho em rede e da coletividade, a Rede Global de Bancos de Leite Humano lançou o eBook Doação de Leite Humano - Lições aprendidas durante a pandemia de Covid-19. O que podemos fazer a mais?, produto do Fórum de Cooperação Técnica Internacional, que reuniu 40 países em celebração ao Dia Mundial de Doação de Leite Humano 2021.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Bancos de Leite , COVID-19 , Cooperação Técnica , Cooperação Internacional , Leite Humano
9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 36, 2021.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422159

RESUMO

The evolution and contemporary challenges of health research (HR) in Madagascar are poorly documented. We aim to gain insights on the factors that shape Madagascar's National Health Research System (NHRS) to better understand their influence. We conducted a qualitative case study, which included a documentary review and semi-structured interviews with 38 key informants. We carried out a thematic analysis and used the WHO/AFRO NHRS Barometer to structure the presentation of the results. There is no legislative framework to support HR activities and institutions. There is, however, a policy document outlining national priorities for HS. Human resources for HR are insufficient, due to challenges in training and retaining researchers. International collaboration is almost the only source of HR funding. Collaborations contribute to developing human and institutional capacity, but they are not always aligned with research carried out locally and the country's priority health needs. Incomplete efforts to improve regulation and low public investment in research training and research implementation reflect an insufficient commitment to HR by the government. Negotiating equitable international partnerships, the availability of public funding, and aligning HR with national health priorities would constitute a solid basis for the development of the NHRS in Madagascar.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Política de Saúde , Prioridades em Saúde , Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Entrevistas como Assunto , Madagáscar , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Recursos Humanos/organização & administração
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444267

RESUMO

Development assistance for health (DAH) is an important part of financing healthcare in low- and middle-income countries. We estimated the gross disbursement of DAH of the 29 Development Assistance Committee (DAC) member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) for 2011-2019; and clarified its flows, including aid type, channel, target region, and target health focus area. Data from the OECD iLibrary were used. The DAH definition was based on the OECD sector classification. For core funding to non-health-specific multilateral agencies, we estimated DAH and its flows based on the OECD methodology for calculating imputed multilateral official development assistance (ODA). The total amount of DAH for all countries combined was 18.5 billion USD in 2019, at 17.4 USD per capita, with the 2011-2019 average of 19.7 billion USD. The average share of DAH in ODA for the 29 countries was about 7.9% in 2019. Between 2011 and 2019, most DAC countries allocated approximately 60% of their DAH to primary health care, with the remaining 40% allocated to health system strengthening. We expect that the estimates of this study will help DAC member countries strategize future DAH wisely, efficiently, and effectively while ensuring transparency.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Cooperação Internacional , Países em Desenvolvimento , Saúde Global
15.
Washington, D.C; PAHO; 2021-08-02.
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-34049

RESUMO

This entry contains the Status Report of WHO Collaborating Centres in the Americas by Country and a new document with information of Collaborating Centres by Outcome of the Strategic Plan of the Pan American Health Organization 2020‑2025.


Assuntos
Cooperação Internacional , América , Cooperação Técnica , Organização Mundial da Saúde
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In international cooperation projects that are carried out in less developed and developing countries, a large number of children with disabilities present cerebral palsy (CP). Orthopaedic disorders are frequent complications associated with this disorder. Their prevention and early intervention are essential to achieve an appropriate therapeutic approach for children with PC and to improve their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To describe the treatment approach that is currently used in international cooperation projects for the rehabilitation management of the orthopaedic disorders in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: This is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, carried out by means of an online questionnaire to professionals in the field of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation working in international cooperation projects. The inclusion criteria were professionals working in the rehabilitation field in development aid, humanitarian action or emergency projects that provided rehabilitation services, working with children with cerebral palsy from 0 to 18 years old. RESULTS: Ninety-eight questionnaires were analysed. The average age of the participants was 33.2 years, they were mainly working in development cooperation projects (83.33%) that were implemented in rehabilitation centres and through community-based rehabilitation services (60%). The projects were located in countries all over the world but mainly on the Asian continent (71.4%). Physiotherapists and orthopaedic technicians (72.22%) were the main professionals working in these projects, followed by occupational therapists and social workers (55.56%). The results indicated that the orthopaedic disorders were very frequent in the sample (66.67%), with hip subluxation (50%), scoliosis (77.78%), kyphosis (61.1%), clubfoot (88.7%) and varus foot (61.11%) standing out. The most commonly used treatment approaches were positioning (88.89%) and the Bobath concept (83.33%). The technical aids that were used by the professionals were ankle foot orthosis (AFO) (94.44%), bracing (66.67%), standing frames (83.33%), moulded seats (100%), corner seats (93.75%) and adapted seats (92.85%). CONCLUSIONS: In international cooperation projects, the rehabilitation treatment of children with cerebral palsy is based on a holistic approach. This is reflected in the interventions that are carried out to treat their orthopaedic disorders and in locally produced devices, awareness raising and community education. However, the professionals surveyed considered that the aids or orthoses used are insufficient in the treatment and prevention of orthopaedic disorders in cerebral palsy.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Órtoses do Pé , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Paralisia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Cooperação Internacional , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida
19.
J Environ Radioact ; 237: 106701, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303213

RESUMO

The radionuclides part of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) global network of International Monitoring System (IMS) is based on the measurement of particles and radioactive noble gases. Forty radionuclide stations are going to be equipped with radioxenon measurement components to monitor the nuclear explosion signatures around the world. Global coverage of the noble gas IMS stations has been investigated using atmospheric transport modelling. Two years of worldwide release for a hypothetical 1-kt underground nuclear explosion and detection of 133Xe in the IMS radioxenon station locations are considered. The present and completed status were supposed as two different scenarios to estimate the daily coverage of the network. The calculated quantities were evaluated corresponding to the whole latitude/longitude grid in image-base and numerical patterns. Although the fluctuation of daily coverage is varying in time, the cumulative minimum amounts were indicated that North America has stable high coverage in the present arrangement. Moreover, after the completion of the network, this aspect will be expanded to the middle part of the Northern Hemisphere as well as the west region of the Southern Hemisphere. Finally exploring the cumulative maximum daily coverage is denoted that adding the non-operational stations to the current network has a great influence on the 20 S - 90 N latitudes to 0-180 W longitudes and about 50% effect on the network coverage (NC) of the north of Europe, South Atlantic, and Oceania. However, it has almost no impact on the values of the limited area around the middle east part of the Pacific Ocean.


Assuntos
Poluentes Radioativos do Ar , Monitoramento de Radiação , Poluentes Radioativos do Ar/análise , Cooperação Internacional , Radioisótopos , Radioisótopos de Xenônio/análise
20.
Global Health ; 17(1): 84, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The initial research requirements in pandemics are predictable. But how is it possible to study a disease that is so quickly spreading and to rapidly use that research to inform control and treatment? MAIN BODY: In our view, a dilemma with such wide-reaching impact mandates multi-disciplinary collaborations on a global scale. International research collaboration is the only means to rapidly address these fundamental questions and potentially change the paradigm of data sharing for the benefit of patients throughout the world. International research collaboration presents significant benefits but also barriers that need to be surmounted, especially in low- and middle-income countries. CONCLUSION: Facilitating international cooperation, by building capacity in established collaborative platforms and in low- and middle-income countries, is imperative to efficiently answering the priority clinical research questions that can change the trajectory of a pandemic.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Fortalecimento Institucional , Saúde Global , Cooperação Internacional , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos
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