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1.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180310, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1101979

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze adherence to the nursing guidelines for home care of bone marrow transplant recipients from an ecosystem perspective. Method: descriptive, exploratory study with a qualitative approach, using Content Analysis for data analysis, with theoretical and philosophical ecosystem support. The interviews, carried out in bone marrow transplant services, in Brazil and Spain, were guided by an instrument developed by the researchers which contained 25 closed and ten open questions. 40 users participated who met the inclusion criteria. Data collection was carried out from July 2016 to October 2017. Results: the Orientations category emerged from the data which then gave rise to the subcategories: Interactive relational actions; and, actions and behaviors that interfered in the success of the transplant. Some users, due to excessive information at the time of discharge, were unable to assimilate or carry out the guidelines received; others, during the hospitalization phase, apprehended them and absorbed them in order to use them in the home ecosystem space after transplantation. Conclusion: part of the users followed only the guidelines that best adapted to their daily lives and, for others, after hospital discharge, they caused doubts and insecurities regarding the care to be performed at home. It is necessary for the user to identify the constituent elements of their home ecosystem and learn, through communication and information, how they interfere in post-hospital discharge care. Therefore, it is necessary to create communication and information mechanisms that enable the dynamic process between the constituent elements of the ecosystem, biotic and abiotic, so that they have interaction and sustainability and can be practiced by the user.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el cumplimiento de las directrices de la enfermera para el cuidado domiciliario de los receptores de trasplante de médula ósea en una perspectiva ecosistémica. Método: descriptivo, exploratorio, con un enfoque cualitativo, utilizando el análisis de contenido para el análisis de datos, con soporte teórico y filosófico del ecosistema. Las entrevistas, realizadas en los servicios de trasplante de médula ósea, en Brasil y España, fueron guiadas por un instrumento desarrollado por los investigadores, que contenía 25 preguntas cerradas y diez abiertas. Participaron 40 usuarios que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. La recolección de datos se realizó entre julio de 2016 y octubre de 2017. Resultados: la categoría Orientaciones surgió de los datos y originó las subcategorías: acciones relacionales interactivas, acciones y comportamientos que interfirieron en el éxito del trasplante. Algunos usuarios, debido a la información excesiva al momento del alta, no pudieron asimilar y llevar a cabo las pautas recibidas, otros, en el curso de la fase de hospitalización, los detuvieron para absorberlos para su atención en el espacio del ecosistema del hogar en el pos trasplante. Conclusión: parte de lós usuários siguió solo las pautas que mejor se adaptaron a su vida diaria y para otros, después del alta hospitalaria, causaron dudas e inseguridades com respecto a La atención que se practica em elhogar. Es necesario que el usuario identifique los elementos constitutivos del ecosistema de su hogar y aprenda, a través de la comunicación y la información, cómo interfieren en la atención hospitalaria posterior al alta. Por lo tanto, es necesario crear mecanismos de comunicación e información que permitan el proceso dinámico entre los elementos constitutivos del ecosistema, bióticos y abióticos, para que tengan interacción y sostenibilidad y puedan ser practicados por el usuario.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a adesão às orientações do enfermeiro para o cuidado domiciliar do transplantado de medula óssea na perspectiva ecossistêmica. Método: descritivo, exploratório, com abordagem qualitativa, utilizando-se para a análise dos dados a Análise de Conteúdo, com apoio teórico-filosófico ecossistêmico. As entrevistas, realizadas em serviços de transplante de medula óssea, no Brasil e Espanha, foram norteadas por um instrumento elaborado pelas pesquisadoras, contendo 25 questões fechadas e dez abertas. Participaram 40 usuários que cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. A coleta de dados foi realizada de julho de 2016 a outubro de 2017. Resultados: a categoria Orientações emergiu dos dados e originou as subcategorias: Ações relacionais interativas; e, ações e comportamentos que interferiram no sucesso do transplante. Alguns usuários, por excesso de informações no momento da alta, não conseguiram assimilar e desempenhar as orientações recebidas; outros, no transcorrer da fase de internação, as apreenderam absorvê-las para o cuidado no espaço ecossistêmico domiciliar no pós-transplante. Conclusão: parte dos usuários seguiu somente as orientações que melhor se adaptaram ao seu cotidiano e, para outros, no pós-alta hospitalar, ocasionaram dúvidas e inseguranças em relação ao cuidado a ser praticado no domicílio. Faz-se necessário que o usuário identifique os elementos constituintes do seu ecossistema domiciliar e conheça, por meio da comunicação e informação, como interferem no cuidado pós alta hospitalar. Portanto, é preciso criar mecanismos de comunicação e informação que possibilitem o processo dinâmico entre os elementos constituintes do ecossistema, bióticos e abióticos, para que tenham interação e sustentabilidade e possam ser praticados pelo usuário.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Transplante , Medula Óssea , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Transplantes , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Enfermagem , Ecossistema , Transplantados , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Habitação
2.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 85(4): 475-482, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, causative agent of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has necessitated widespread lockdown to mitigate the pandemic. This study examines the influence of resilience on the impact of COVID-related stress and enforced lockdown on mental health, drug use, and treatment adherence among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Argentina. SETTING: PLWH residing predominantly in Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area and urban regions of Argentina were identified from a private clinic electronic database. METHODS: Participants completed an anonymous online survey to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on economic disruption, resilience, mental health outcomes (depression, anxiety, stress, and loneliness), adherence to HIV treatment, and substance use. We performed ordinary least squares and logistic regressions to test whether resilient coping buffered the impact of economic disruption on mental health and drug use during quarantine. RESULTS: A total of 1336 PLWH aged 18-82 were enrolled. The impact of economic disruption on mental health ΔF(1,1321) = 8.86, P = 0.003 and loneliness ΔF(1,1326) = 5.77, P = 0.016 was buffered by resilience. A 3-way interaction between resilient buffering, stress, and sex was significant ΔF(1,1325) = 4.76, P = 0.029. Participants reported less than excellent adherence to medication (33%), disruption to mental health services (11%), and disruption to substance abuse treatment (1.3%) during lockdown. DISCUSSION: The impact of COVID-stress and lockdown on emotional distress seemed mitigated by resilience coping strategies, and the buffering impact of resilience on perceived stress was greater among women. Results highlight PLWH's capacity to adhere to treatment in challenging circumstances and the importance of developing resilience skills for better coping with stress and adversity.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Saúde Mental/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático Agudo/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/tendências , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Modelos Logísticos , Solidão , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Mental/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/economia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores Sexuais , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Apoio Social , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático Agudo/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 38(3): [e05], Octubre 20 2020. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128918

RESUMO

Objective. To explore the relation between adherence to secondary prevention and factors that influence on said adherence in people with acute coronary syndrome, who underwent percutaneous coronary angioplasty in a clinic in Medellín. Methods. Cross-sectional study on a random sample of 128 volunteer patients. A questionnaire was used for sociodemographic variables, the "Scale to measure therapeutic adherence for patients with chronic diseases, based on explicit behaviors" by Trujano, Vega, and Nava and the "Instrument to evaluate adherence by patients according to influential cardiovascular risk factors" validated by Consuelo Ortiz. Results. Socioeconomic factors influenced in very low manner on the adherence to secondary prevention; factors related with the therapy did so moderately and patient factors influenced in low manner. No relation was found between the health provider factor and said adherence. Conclusion. Factors exist that influence in a lesser or higher measure on adherence to secondary prevention and which must be recognized in people with coronary angioplasty to design strategies to improve this aspect of self-care.


Objetivo. Explorar la relación entre la adherencia a la prevención secundaria y los factores que influyen en dicha adherencia en personas con Síndrome Coronario Agudo, a quienes se les realizó angioplastia coronaria percutánea en una clínica de Medellín. Métodos. Estudio de corte transversal en una muestra aleatoria de 128 pacientes voluntarios. Se utilizó un cuestionario para variables sociodemográficas, la "Escala para medir la adherencia terapéutica para pacientes con enfermedades crónicas, basada en comportamientos explícitos" de Trujano, Vega y Nava y el "Instrumento para evaluar la adherencia de los pacientes según factores influyentes de riesgo cardiovascular" validado por Consuelo Ortiz. Resultados. Los factores socioeconómicos influyeron de manera muy baja en la adherencia a la prevención secundaria, los factores relacionados con la terapia lo hicieron en forma moderada y los factores del paciente influyeron de manera baja. No se encontró relación entre el factor del proveedor de salud y dicha adherencia. Conclusión. Existen factores que influyen en menor o mayor medida en la adherencia a la prevención secundaria y que deben ser reconocidos en las personas con angioplastia coronaria para que se diseñen estrategias para el mejoramiento de este aspecto del autocuidado


Objetivo. Explorar a relação entre a adesão à prevenção secundária e os fatores que influenciam essa adesão em pessoas com Síndrome Coronariana Aguda, submetidas a angioplastia coronária percutânea em uma clínica de Medellín (Colômbia). Métodos. Estudo transversal em amostra aleatória de 128 pacientes voluntários. Foi utilizado um questionário para variáveis sócio-demográficas, a "Escala para medir a adesão terapêutica para pacientes com doenças crônicas, baseada em comportamentos explícitos" de Trujano, Vega e Nava, e o "Instrumento para avaliar a adesão do paciente de acordo com fatores de risco cardiovascular influenciadores" validado por Consuelo Ortiz. Resultados. Os fatores socioeconômicos tiveram uma influência muito baixa na adesão à prevenção secundária, os fatores relacionados à terapia tiveram uma influência moderada e os fatores do paciente tiveram uma influência baixa. Não foi encontrada relação entre o fator provedor de saúde e a referida adesão. Conclusão. Existem fatores que influenciam em menor ou maior grau a adesão à prevenção secundária e que devem ser reconhecidos em pessoas com angioplastia coronariana para que estratégias possam ser traçadas para melhorar esse aspecto do autocuidado.


Assuntos
Humanos , Autocuidado , Estudos Transversais , Angioplastia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Prevenção Secundária , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento
4.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239225, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119601

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global health challenge and leading infectious killer worldwide. The need for continuous evaluation of TB treatment outcomes becomes more imperative in the midst of a global economic meltdown substantially impacting resource-limited-settings. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 25-years of treatment outcomes in 3,384 patients who were managed for TB at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Confirmed TB cases were given directly observed therapy of a short-course treatment regimen and monitored for clinical response. RESULTS: Out of 1,146,560 patients screened, there were 24,330 (2.1%) presumptive and 3,384 (13.9%) confirmed TB cases. The patients' mean age was 35.8 years (0.33-101 years). There were 1,902 (56.2%) male, 332(9.8%) pediatric, and 2,878 (85%) pulmonary TB cases. The annual mean measured treatment outcomes were as follows: adherence, 91.4(±5.8) %; successful outcome, 75.3(±8.8) % potentially unsatisfactory outcome, 14.8(±7.2) %; and mortality 10.0(±3.6) %. Female, extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB), newly diagnosed, and relapsed patients compliant with treatment had successful outcomes. Adulthood and HIV infection were mortality risk factors. CONCLUSION: The mean annual successful treatment outcome is 75.3(±8.8) %. Female, pediatric, EPTB, new, and relapsed patients were predisposed to successful treatment outcomes. Lessons learned will guide future program modifications.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose/complicações , Tuberculose/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
5.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 24(3): 491-504, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125012

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: el desarrollo de un curso de postgrado para capacitar a proveedores de salud (como componente de la estrategia MAPHTA) sobre adherencia terapéutica en hipertensos, en el municipio Remedios de Villa Clara, generó la necesidad de construcción y validación de un instrumento para la medición de los conocimientos adquiridos. Objetivo: presentar el proceso de construcción de este cuestionario, así como la validación de contenido y su confiabilidad. Métodos: la validación de contenido se realizó por criterios de Moriyama, según la valoración de expertos, y sus resultados fueron procesados por la metodología PROCESA-CE de Crespo Borges. La confiabilidad se calculó por el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach como medida de coherencia. La muestra estuvo conformada por 18 proveedores de salud, de las tres áreas del municipio Remedios, que se capacitaron como facilitadores de la implementación de la estrategia MAPHTA que promueve la adherencia terapéutica en hipertensos. Resultados: en cuanto a la validación del contenido del cuestionario, el coeficiente de concordancia entre expertos fue de 0,87, para los criterios: razonable, comprensible y sensible a variación. El alfa de Cronbach fue de 0,79, de manera que se confirmó la confiabilidad del cuestionario diseñado. Conclusiones: los resultados de las pruebas de validez y confiabilidad demostraron que el cuestionario sobre adherencia terapéutica en personas con hipertensión arterial es un instrumento apropiado para su uso y aplicación. Este cuestionario cumple con los objetivos que se trazaron para su construcción, tanto para la investigación como para la identificación de necesidades de aprendizaje en la atención primaria de salud.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the development of a postgraduate course to train health providers (as a component of the MAPHTA strategy) on therapeutic adherence in hypertensive patients from Remedios municipality, Villa Clara generated the need to construct and validate an instrument for measuring the acquired knowledge. Objective: to present the construction process of this questionnaire, as well as its content validation and reliability. Methods: content validation was carried out using Moriyama's criteria, according to expert assessment, and its results were processed using Crespo Borges' PROCESA-CE methodology. Reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient as a measure of coherence. The sample consisted of 18 health providers, from three areas of Remedios municipality, who were trained as facilitators in the implementation of the MAPHTA strategy that promotes therapeutic adherence in hypertensive patients. Results: regarding the content validation of the questionnaire, the coefficient of agreement among experts was 0,87 for the criteria: reasonable, understandable and sensitive to variation. Cronbach's alpha was 0,79, so the reliability of the designed questionnaire was confirmed. Conclusions: the results of the validity and reliability tests showed that the questionnaire on therapeutic adherence in people with arterial hypertension is an appropriate instrument for its use and application. This questionnaire meets the objectives that were set for its construction, both for research and for the identification of learning needs in primary health care.


Assuntos
Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudo de Validação , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Hipertensão
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 90-94, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128958

RESUMO

Las afecciones bucodentales constituyen un problema de salud pública por su alta prevalencia y su fuerte impacto individual y colectivo en términos de dolor, malestar y discapacidad social y funcional. El Centro de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria San Pantaleón, ubicado en la provincia de Buenos Aires, brinda asistencia sanitaria gratuita a la comunidad. Un relevamiento documentó que el 97% de los concurrentes presentaba caries y no se lavaban los dientes por falta de cepillo y pasta dental. Se decidió llevar adelante un programa de promoción de la salud bucodental. El objetivo fue evaluar su implementación; que incluyó: a) rastreo de caries y problemas odontológicos; b) coordinación interinstitucional; c) entrega de cepillos y pasta dental; d) intervención educativa; e) extensión comunitaria. Participaron en forma irregular 120 niñas, niños y adolescentes entre 5 y 18 años del Centro de Apoyo Escolar Fundación Bajo Boulogne. Se realizaron dos encuentros educativos y entrega de cepillos y pasta dental. En la revisión odontológica inicial sobre 60 participantes se detectaron caries en 43 (71,6%), que fueron derivados para tratamiento odontológico, pero concurrieron solo 26 (60,4%). El conocimiento sobre salud bucodental mostró cambios entre los más pequeños luego de las intervenciones educativas. Se logró implementar el programa, cumplimentando las actividades propuestas. Pero surgieron barreras que dificultaron la cobertura. En cuanto a la eficacia de la intervención educativa, no se logró mostrar cambios en el conocimiento. Se consiguió la detección oportuna, la incorporación de hábitos como el cepillado dentro de la institución educativa, la articulación para mejorar el acceso a la atención y la vinculación entre los diferentes actores comunitarios. (AU)


Oral disorders are a public health problem due to their high prevalence and their strong individual and collective impact in terms of pain, discomfort, and social and functional disability. The San Pantaleón Family and Community Medicine Center, located in the province of Buenos Aires, provides free healthcare to the community. A survey documented that 97% of those present had cavities and did not brush their teeth due to a lack of brush and toothpaste. It was decided to carry out an oral health promotion program. The objective was to evaluate its implementation; which included: a) tracking of caries and dental problems; b) inter-institutional coordination; c) delivery of brushes and toothpaste; d) educational intervention; e) community extension. 120 girls and boys and adolescents between 5 and 18 years of age from the Bajo Boulogne Foundation School Support Center irregularly participated. Two educational meetings were held, handing out brushes and toothpaste. In the initial dental review of 60 participants, caries was detected in 43 (71.6%), who were referred for dental treatment, with only 26 (60.4%) concurring. Oral health knowledge showed changes among the youngest after educational interventions. It was possible to implement the program, completing the proposed activities. Barriers arose that made coverage difficult. Regarding the effectiveness of the educational intervention, it was not possible to show changes in knowledge. Timely detection was achieved, the incorporation of habits such as brushing within the educational institution, articulation to improve access to care and the link between the different community actors. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Saúde Bucal/educação , Educação em Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Argentina , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/tendências , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/tendências , Odontologia Comunitária/educação , Odontologia Comunitária/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Doenças da Boca/prevenção & controle
7.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(10): e22596, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk and crisis communication plays an essential role in public health emergency responses. The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered spontaneous and intensive media attention, which has affected people's adoption of personal preventive measures and their mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between exposure to COVID-19-specific information and mental health (depression and sleep quality) and self-reported compliance with personal preventive measures (face mask wearing and hand sanitizing). We also tested whether these associations were moderated by thoughtful consideration of the veracity of the information to which people were exposed. METHODS: A cross-sectional, closed web-based survey was conducted among a sample of 3035 factory workers at the beginning of work resumption following the COVID-19 outbreak in Shenzhen, China. A stratified two-stage cluster sampling design was used for recruitment. Multivariate linear and logistic regression models were used for the analyses. RESULTS: The prevalence of probable moderate-to-severe depression was 170/3035 (5.6%), while that of good or excellent sleep quality was 2110/3035 (69.5%). The prevalence of self-reported consistent face mask wearing in public places was 2903/3035 (95.7%), while that of sanitizing hands every time after returning from public spaces or touching public installations was 2151/3035 (70.9%). Of the 3035 respondents, 1013 to 1638 (33.3% to 54.0%) reported >1 hour of daily exposure to COVID-19-specific information through web-based media and television. After controlling for significant background variables, higher information exposure via television and via newspapers and magazines was associated with better sleep quality and higher compliance with hand sanitizing. Higher exposure via unofficial web-based media was associated with higher compliance with hand sanitizing but was also associated with higher depressive symptoms. In contrast, higher exposure through face-to-face communication was associated with higher depressive symptoms, worse sleep quality, and lower compliance with hand sanitizing. Exposure to information about positive outcomes for patients with COVID-19, development of vaccines and effective treatments, and heroic stories about frontline health care workers were associated with both better mental health and higher compliance with preventive measures. Higher overall information exposure was associated with higher depressive symptoms among participants who were less likely to carefully consider the veracity of the information to which they were exposed; it was also associated with better sleep quality among people who reported more thoughtful consideration of information veracity. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides empirical evidence of how the amount, sources, and contents of information to which people were exposed influenced their mental health and compliance with personal preventive measures at the initial phase of work resumption in China. Thoughtful consideration of information quality was found to play an important moderating role. Our findings may inform strategic risk communication by government and public health authorities during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Desinfecção das Mãos , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Autorrelato , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/psicologia , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet) ; 18(3): 0-0, jul.-sept. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is reaching epidemic proportions worldwide. It is imperative to adopt an integrated strategy, which involves a close collaboration between the patient and a multidisciplinary team of which pharmacists should be integral elements. OBJECTIVE: This work aims to identify and summarize the main effects of interventions carried out by clinical pharmacists in the management of patients with type 2 diabetes, considering clinical, humanistic and economic outcomes. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for randomized controlled trials assessing the effectiveness of such interventions compared with usual care that took place in hospitals or outpatient facilities. RESULTS: This review included 39 studies, involving a total of 5,474 participants. Beneficial effects were observed on various clinical outcomes such as glycemia, blood pressure, lipid profile, body mass index and coronary heart disease risk. For the following parameters, the range for the difference in change from baseline to final follow-up between the intervention and control groups was: HbA1c, -0.05% to -2.1%; systolic blood pressure, +3.45 mmHg to -10.6 mmHg; total cholesterol, +10.06 mg/dL to -32.48 mg/dL; body mass index, +0.6 kg/m2 to -1.94 kg/m2; and coronary heart disease risk, -3.0% and -12.0% (among the studies that used Framinghan prediction method). The effect on medication adherence and health-related quality of life was also positive. In the studies that performed an economic evaluation, the interventions proved to be economically viable. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support and encourage the integration of clinical pharmacists into multidisciplinary teams, underlining their role in improving the management of type 2 diabetes


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Farmacêuticos/normas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Competência Clínica , Assistência Farmacêutica/normas , Assistência Farmacêutica/organização & administração , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Custos e Análise de Custo/métodos , Hemoglobina A Glicada/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida
9.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 1 ed; 20200900. 91 p. ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1121892

RESUMO

El documento contiene cinco sesiones: en la primera se describe la promoción de la salud respiratoria, en la segunda tenemos conociendo sobre la tuberculosis, en la tercera el control de infecciones en el domicilio, en la cuarta la terapia preventiva para tuberculosis y en la quinta tenemos la pauta para el acompañamiento a la persona afectada por tuberculosis.


Assuntos
Terapêutica , Tuberculose , Controle de Infecções , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Promoção da Saúde
10.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1305-1311, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913172

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the cardiology patients' illness perception on their medication adherence will guide in the development of training and consultancy strategies. Material and Method: The study was conducted with 110 patients who were followed up in the cardiology clinics of a university hospital. The study included patients over the age of 18 years, who agreed to participate in the study and were diagnosed with a cardiovascular disease at least six months before. The data were collected using a patient information form questioning the subjects such as the patients' age, gender, marital status and economic condition, the Illness Perception Questionnaire and the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Results: The results showed that 72.7% (n=80) of the group had forgotten to take their medicine, 38.2% (n=42) had a trouble remembering to take their medicine, 29.1% (n=32) stopped taking their medicine when they felt good and 32.7% (n=36) stopped taking their medicine because they sometimes felt bad after taking their medicine. It was determined that there was no statistically significant correlation between Morisky Medication Adherence Scale scores and Illness Perception Questionnaire subscale scores (P >0.05). It was determined that there was a statistically significant difference between the educational backgrounds, in terms of the personal control subscale mean scores (P=0.003; P<0.01). Conclusion: Patients try to explain their disease in the light of their personal experiences, knowledge, values, beliefs, and needs. Illness perception which is among the most important factors providing treatment adherence is an important factor affecting many areas from the person's psychological adaptation to the course of disease. Illness perception and treatment adherence are affected by educational level.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Percepção , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Doenças Cardiovasculares/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 80, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of adherence to a multidisciplinary renal health program in reducing mortality and progression to hemodialysis. METHODS We used a database that included patient monitoring (2013-2017), dialysis admissions and all cause of mortality in Peru. Adherence to the program was established by meeting minimum visits during the first year of monitoring. The outcome of interest was hemodialysis admissions or all cause-mortality. Kaplan-Meier curves, Log-Rank test and competing survival analysis methods were used to estimate the differential risk between adherent and non-adherent patients. RESULTS A total of 20,354 participants was evaluated; 54.1% were male, 72.1 years old in average, 2.2 years average follow-up, and 15,279 (75.1%) belonged to the early stages (1 to 3a) of Chronic Kidney Disease. Adherence decreased the risk of renal replacement therapy in 41.0% (HR = 0.59, 95%CI 0.41-0.85) in the low-risk group and mortality in the high-risk group was 31.0% (HR = 0.69, 95%CI 0.57-0.83). CONCLUSIONS The multidisciplinary care strategy with standardized assessments by stage is effective in reducing admission to .0when the patient is identified in early stages and in reducing mortality in advanced stages.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Peru/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Diálise Renal , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
J Natl Black Nurses Assoc ; 31(1): 46-51, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853496

RESUMO

African-Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension with lower rates of blood pressure control in comparison to the general population (Brennan et al., 2010). Low-sodium dietary intake is one of the most important lifestyle changes that can help control hypertension (Zhang et al., 2013). This qualitative study aimed to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of low-sodium dietary practices among African-American women with hypertension. The study used a single-category focus group design. The findings suggest that African-American women are attempting to follow a low-sodium diet; however, they are influenced by personal and environmental factors and lack a clear understanding of what a low-sodium diet entails. Therefore, nurses must understand the factors that influence African-American women's ability to follow a low-sodium diet so that effective interventions can be implemented to improve adherence in this population.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Dieta Hipossódica/etnologia , Dieta Hipossódica/psicologia , Hipertensão/dietoterapia , Hipertensão/etnologia , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta Hipossódica/enfermagem , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Hipertensão/enfermagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/etnologia
13.
Afr J AIDS Res ; 19(2): 135-146, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780677

RESUMO

Since 2012, PMTCT Option B+ has been recommended by the World Health Organization to reduce vertical transmission but numerous adherence challenges remain. We conducted a qualitative study at baseline using six focus group discussions and 14 in-depth interviews to explore knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and challenges towards the Option B+ strategy for PMTCT among HIV-infected pregnant and post-partum women and health workers engaged in Uganda's national Option B+ PMTCT programme. Data were analysed using a thematic approach to capture latent and manifest content with the social ecological model as a theoretic foundation in order to make contextual sense of key stakeholders' needs for an effective Option B+ intervention. Overall, among all study participants, we found multi-level barriers to adhering to Option B+ cutting across all levels of the social ecological model. In line with the model, our study revealed barriers at personal, relational, organizational and societal levels. Some personal beliefs such as that the baby's health is more important that the mother's, organizational (negative attitudes and behaviour of health workers), structural such as poverty, work conflicts, fear and lack of disclosure related to community stigma were all critical obstacles to women adhering to the Option B+ programme. We found that both health workers and participants in the programme have a relatively clear understanding of the benefits of adhering to their treatment; though a more nuanced understanding and thus emphasis in counselling on side effects, is critical to helping patients adhere.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , População Rural , Participação dos Interessados , Uganda/epidemiologia , População Urbana
14.
Public Health ; 186: 52-56, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lockdown measures in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic can have serious mental health effects on the population, especially in vulnerable groups, such as those living in poor socio-economic conditions, those who are homeless, migrant workers and asylum seekers/refugees. In addition, these vulnerable groups frequently have greater difficulty accessing health services and in treatment adherence. The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of the COVID-19-related lockdown on service utilisation and follow-up adherence in an Italian mental health outpatient service for migrants and individuals in socio-economic difficulties. STUDY DESIGN: The design of this study is a retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: All patients who visited the mental health outpatient service in the months of February and March in the years 2017-2020 were included in the study. To compare service utilisation before and after the lockdown, the number of patients who visited the mental health outpatient service for psychiatric interview were recorded. Follow-up adherence was calculated as the percentage of patients who visited in February and subsequently attended a follow-up visit in March of the same year. RESULTS: The number of patients who visited the outpatient service between February 2017 and February 2020 was continuously increasing. In March 2020, fewer patients visited the service for psychiatric interview, in line with the introduction of lockdown measures. In addition, the number of the patients who visited in February 2020 and returned for their follow-up visits in March 2020 declined from approximately 30% over the same months in 2017-2019 to 17.53% in March 2020. CONCLUSIONS: The lockdown-related reduction in numbers of patients accessing the mental health service makes it difficult to help vulnerable populations during a period of time in which their mental health needs are expected to increase. Moreover, the reduction seen in follow-up compliance increases the risk of treatment discontinuation and possible relapse. Proactive alternative strategies need to be developed to reach these vulnerable populations.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pobreza , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/psicologia , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Refugiados/psicologia , Refugiados/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Populações Vulneráveis , Adulto Jovem
16.
Am J Public Health ; 110(S2): S251-S257, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663093

RESUMO

Objectives. To examine effects of unmet social needs on adherence to pediatric weight management intervention (PWMI).Methods. We examined individual associations of positive screens for parental stress, parental depression, food insecurity, and housing insecurity with intervention adherence, and associations of 0, 1 or 2, and 3 or 4 unmet social needs with adherence, among children enrolled in a 2017-2019 comparative effectiveness trial for 2 high-intensity PWMIs in Massachusetts. Models were adjusted for child age, body mass index (BMI), parent BMI, and intervention arm.Results. Families with versus without housing insecurity received a mean of 5.3 (SD = 8.0) versus 8.3 (SD = 10.9) contact hours (P < .01). There were no statistically significant differences in adherence for families reporting other unmet social needs. Children with 3 to 4 unmet social needs versus without received a mean of 5.2 (SD = 8.1) versus 9.2 (SD = 11.8) contact hours (P < .01). In fully adjusted models, those with housing insecurity attended a mean difference of -3.14 (95% confidence interval [CI] = -5.41, -0.88) hours versus those without. Those with 3 or 4 unmet social needs attended -3.74 (95% CI = -6.64, -0.84) hours less than those with none.Conclusions. Adherence to PWMIs was lower among children with housing insecurity and in families with 3 or 4 unmet social needs. Addressing social needs should be a priority of PWMIs to improve intervention adherence and reduce disparities in childhood obesity.Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03012126.


Assuntos
Habitação , Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Depressão , Feminino , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Massachusetts , Pais/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico
17.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235500, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614886

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials often suffer from significant recruitment barriers, poor adherence, and dropouts, which increase costs and negatively affect trial outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine whether making it virtual and reward-based would enable nationwide recruitment, identify patients with variable disease severity, achieve high adherence, and reduce dropouts. METHODS: In a siteless, virtual feasibility study, individuals with atopic dermatitis (AD) were recruited online. During the 8-week study, subjects used their smartphones weekly to photograph target AD lesions, and completed patient-oriented eczema measure (POEM) and treatment use questionnaires. In return, subjects were rewarded every week with personalized lifestyle reports based on their DNA. RESULTS: Over the course of the 11 day recruitment period, 164 (82% women and 18% men) filled in the form to participate, of which 65 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and signed the informed consent. Ten were excluded as they did not complete the mandatory study task of returning the DNA sample. 55 (91% women, 9% men) subjects returned the DNA sample and were enrolled throughout Denmark, the majority outside the Copenhagen capital region in rural areas with relatively low physician coverage. The mean age was 28.5 (SD ±9.5 years, range 18-52 years). The baseline POEM score was 14.5±5.6 (range 6-28). Based on the POEM, 7 individuals had mild, 28 had moderate, 17 had severe, and 3 had very severe eczema. The retention rate was 96% as 53 out of 55 enrolled completed the study. The adherence was very high, and more than 90% of all study tasks were completed. Follow up of 41 subjects showed that 90% would take part again or continue if the study had been longer. CONCLUSION: A virtual trial design enables recruitment with broad geographic reach and throughout the full spectrum of disease severity. Providing personalized genetic reports as a reward seems to contribute to high adherence and retention.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/psicologia , Eczema/patologia , Recompensa , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Adolescente , Adulto , DNA/análise , Dermatite Atópica/genética , Dermatite Atópica/patologia , Dermatite Atópica/terapia , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fototerapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Smartphone , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 43(6): 285-292, jun.-jul. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193510

RESUMO

La tasa de no adherencia al tratamiento médico en la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII) está en torno al 50%, empeorando así los resultados de los tratamientos, la morbilidad y el coste. OBJETIVOS: Determinar mediante una encuesta online entre gastroenterólogos con especial dedicación a la EII el conocimiento sobre la adherencia al tratamiento de sus pacientes y los métodos utilizados para mejorarla. MÉTODOS: Desde la secretaría técnica de GETECCU se envió un correo a los socios con un enlace a la encuesta a través de un sistema online. RESULTADOS: Se invitó a 760 socios. Se obtuvieron 184 encuestas (28,5%). El 68% de los encuestados tenía publicaciones sobre EII indexadas, solo el 13% eran sobre adherencia. A pesar de que casi el 99% consideraban la adherencia como muy importante/importante, el 25% de los médicos no la medía. Pese a que el 100% consideraba que mejorar la adherencia implicaría un mejor pronóstico, el 47% no utilizaba sistemas para mejorarla. Los factores asociados con la medición y mejora de la adherencia fueron: hospital universitario (81,4%), que el paciente recibiera tratamiento combinado con tiopurínicos y biológicos (44,6%), médico de sexo femenino (63,1%), dedicar ≥ 6 h semanalmente a la EII (71,6%), que el médico tenga publicaciones indexadas sobre EII (68,5%) y sobre adherencia en EII (12,5%) y que el médico considere la adherencia importante o muy importante (98,9%). CONCLUSIONES: Aunque el conocimiento sobre la relevancia de la adherencia al tratamiento médico en EII está generalizado, entre los gastroenterólogos con dedicación especial a la EII que fueron encuestados casi la mitad no utiliza ningún sistema objetivo para cuantificarla. Se debe hacer un esfuerzo para cuantificar y mejorar la adherencia al tratamiento de estos pacientes


The rate of non-adherence to medical treatment in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is around 50%, with the consequent negative impact on treatment results, morbidity and cost. OBJECTIVES: To determine through an online survey among gastroenterologists with special dedication to IBD, their knowledge about the adherence to treatment of their patients and the methods used to improve it. METHODS: An email was sent to gastroenterologists from the technical office of the Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis Spanish working group (GETECCU), with a link to the online survey. RESULTS: 760 physicians were invited. One hundred eighty-four surveys were obtained (28.5%). A total of 68% of respondents had indexed IBD publications, 13% of which were on adherence. Although almost 99% considered adherence as very important/important, 25% of physicians did not assess it. Even though 100% considered that improving adherence would imply a better prognosis, 47% did not use any system to improve it. The factors associated with the assessment and improvement of adherence were: university hospital (81.4%), combined treatment with thiopurines and biological drugs (44.6%), physician gender (female) (63.1%), dedicating ≥ 6 hours weekly to IBD (71.6%), previous published indexed papers on IBD (68.5%) and on adherence in IBD (12.5%), and considering adherence as important/very important (98.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Although knowledge about the relevance of adherence to medical treatment in IBD is widespread, among the gastroenterologists with special dedication to IBD who were surveyed, almost half do not use any objective system to quantify it. An effort must be made to quantify and improve adherence to the treatment of these patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/economia , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Farm. comunitarios (Internet) ; 12(3): 51-57, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191370

RESUMO

La falta de adherencia es un problema mundial cada vez mayor y es la responsable de que los resultados esperados en salud se alejen de la realidad, aumentando el gasto sanitario. Comprender por qué un paciente no es adherente requiere identificar los factores implicados en su caso concreto y personalizar las estrategias a seguir. Para abordar la no adherencia desde la farmacia comunitaria tenemos el protocolo de la guía ADHe+ de dispensación y uso racional del medicamento, que clasifica a los pacientes no adherentes en tres perfiles (confundido, desconfiado y banalizador), facilitando la tarea de evaluación de sus creencias hacia un medicamento en concreto y en un momento determinado. Siguiendo el protocolo propuesto por la guía, el farmacéutico puede detectar la no adherencia en los medicamentos que el paciente recoge y en los que no e indagar en las causas. Pero el momento actual que estamos viviendo de pandemia por COVID-19 está cambiando el paradigma de la cronicidad. El miedo al contagio, la ralentización de los procesos asistenciales por las nuevas medidas de higiene, la telemedicina, el confinamiento y el desconocimiento de la nueva situación por parte de pacientes y sanitarios puede afectar mucho a la adherencia terapéutica


Non-adherence to treatment is becoming more and more of a global issue and is responsible for the fact that expected health results are getting further away from reality and increasing spending on healthcare. To understand why a patient is not adhering to treatment it is necessary to identify the factors involved in his or her specific case and personalize the strategies to be followed. In order to approach non-adherence to treatment from the community pharmacy perspective, we use the protocol from the ADHe+ guide on the dispensing and rational use of the drug, which classifies non-adhering patients into three profiles (confused, wary and trivializing), facilitating the task of assessing their beliefs with regards to a certain medicine and at a given time. Following the protocol suggested by the guide, pharmacists can detect non-adherence to the medicines the patient collects and does not collect and look into the causes. However, the current times of pandemic that we are experiencing-caused by COVID-19-are changing the pattern of chronicity. Fear of infection, the slowing down of care processes due to the new hygiene measures, telemedicine, quarantine, and the lack of awareness about the new situation by both the patients and healthcare professionals may have a great impact on therapeutic adherence


Assuntos
Humanos , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus , Pandemias
20.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 439, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is paucity of evidence on the magnitude of HIV patients' retention and attrition in Ethiopia. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the pooled magnitude of HIV patient clinical retention and attrition and to identify factors associated with retention and attrition in Ethiopia. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis were done among studies conducted in Ethiopia using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guideline. Both published and unpublished studies conducted from January 1, 2005 to June 6th, 2019 were included. Major databases and search engines such as Google Scholar, PUBMED, African Journals Online (AJOL) and unpublished sources were searched to retrieve relevant articles. Data were assessed for quality, heterogeneity and publication bias. Analysis was conducted using STATA version 14 software. RESULT: From a total of 45 studies 546,250 study participants were included in this review. The pooled magnitude of retention in care among HIV patients was 70.65% (95% CI, 68.19, 73.11). The overall magnitude of loss to follow up 15.17% (95% CI, 11.86, 18.47), transfer out 11.17% (95% CI, 7.12, 15.21) and death rate were 6.75% (95% CI, 6.22, 7.27). Major determinants of attrition were being unmarried patient (OR 1.52, 95% CI: 1.15-2.01), non-disclosed HIV status (OR 6.36, 95% CI: 3.58-11.29), poor drug adherence (OR 6.60, 95% CI: 1.41-30.97), poor functional status (OR 2.11, 95% CI: 1.33-3.34), being underweight (OR 2.21, 95% CI: 1.45-3.39) and advanced clinical stage (OR 1.85, 95% CI: 1.36-2.51). Whereas absence of opportunistic infections (OR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.30-0.9), normal hemoglobin status (OR 0.29, 95% CI: 0.20-0.42) and non-substance use (OR 95% CI: 0.41, 0.17-0.98) were facilitators of HIV patient retention in clinical care. CONCLUSION: The level of retention to the care among HIV patients was low in Ethiopia. Socio-economic, clinical, nutritional and behavioral, intervention is necessary to achieve adequate patient retention in clinical care.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Retenção nos Cuidados , Etiópia , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento
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