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1.
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol ; 321(3): C607-C614, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378992

RESUMO

Bovine milk exosomes (BMEs) are being explored in drug delivery despite their rapid elimination by macrophages. We aimed at identifying the BME transporter in murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Fluorophore-labeled BMEs were used in transport studies in BMDMs from C57BL/6J and class A scavenger receptor type 1/2 (CASR-1/2) knockout mice and tissue accumulation in macrophage-depleted C57BL/6J mice. Parametric and nonparametric statistics tests for pairwise and multiple comparisons were used. Chemical inhibitors of phagocytosis by cytochalasin D led to a 69 ± 18% decrease in BME uptake compared with controls (P < 0.05), whereas inhibitors of endocytic pathways other than phagocytosis had a modest effect on uptake (P > 0.05). Inhibitors of class A scavenger receptors (CASRs) including CASR-1/2 caused a 70% decrease in BME uptake (P < 0.05). The uptake of BMEs by BMDMs from CASR-1/2 knockout mice was smaller by 58 ± 23% compared with wild-type controls (P < 0.05). Macrophage depletion by clodronate caused a more than 44% decrease in BME uptake in the spleen and lungs (P < 0.05), whereas the decrease observed in liver was not statistically significant. In conclusion, CASR-1/2 facilitates the uptake of BMEs in BMDMs and C57BL/6J mice.


Assuntos
Exossomos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Leite/química , Receptores Depuradores Classe A/genética , Animais , Bovinos , Ácido Clodrônico/farmacologia , Citocalasina D/farmacologia , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Exossomos/química , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Expressão Gênica , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoformas de Proteínas/deficiência , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Receptores Depuradores Classe A/deficiência , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/metabolismo , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos
2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(32): 7671-7687, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351771

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) have excellent luminescence characteristics, such as good light stability, high quantum yield (QY), long phosphorescence lifetime, and a wide emission wavelength range, resulting in CDs' great success in optical applications. Understanding the structure-property relationships in CDs is essential for their use in optoelectronic applications. However, because of the complex nature of CD structures and synthesis processes, understanding the luminescence mechanism and structure-property relationships of CDs is a big challenge. This Perspective reviews the theoretical efforts toward the understanding of structure-property relationships and discusses the challenges that need to be overcome in future development of CDs.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Carbono/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Aprendizado de Máquina , Modelos Químicos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 38990-39002, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379400

RESUMO

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has clearly established how vital rapid, widely accessible diagnostic tests are in controlling infectious diseases and how difficult and slow it is to scale existing technologies. Here, we demonstrate the use of the rapid affinity pair identification via directed selection (RAPIDS) method to discover multiple affinity pairs for SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein (N-protein), a biomarker of COVID-19, from in vitro libraries in 10 weeks. The pair with the highest biomarker sensitivity was then integrated into a 10 min, vertical-flow cellulose paper test. Notably, the as-identified affinity proteins were compatible with a roll-to-roll printing process for large-scale manufacturing of tests. The test achieved 40 and 80 pM limits of detection in 1× phosphate-buffered saline (mock swab) and saliva matrices spiked with cell-culture-generated SARS-CoV-2 viruses and is also capable of detection of N-protein from characterized clinical swab samples. Hence, this work paves the way toward the mass production of cellulose paper-based assays which can address the shortages faced due to dependence on nitrocellulose and current manufacturing techniques. Further, the results reported herein indicate the promise of RAPIDS and engineered binder proteins for the timely and flexible development of clinically relevant diagnostic tests in response to emerging infectious diseases.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/análise , Teste Sorológico para COVID-19/métodos , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/análise , SARS-CoV-2/química , Biomarcadores/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Celulose/química , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Biblioteca de Peptídeos , Ligação Proteica
4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(32): 7859-7865, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382803

RESUMO

Fluorescence-encoded vibrational spectroscopy has become increasingly more popular by virtue of its high chemical specificity and sensitivity. However, current fluorescence-encoded vibrational spectroscopy methods lack sensitivity in the low-frequency region, which if addressed could further enhance their capabilities. Here, we present a method for highly sensitive low-frequency fluorescence-encoded vibrational spectroscopy, termed fluorescence-encoded time-domain coherent Raman spectroscopy (FLETCHERS). By first exciting molecules into vibrationally excited states and then promoting the vibrating molecules to electronic states at varying times, the molecular vibrations can be encoded onto the emitted time-domain fluorescence intensity. We demonstrate the sensitive low-frequency detection capability of FLETCHERS by measuring vibrational spectra in the lower fingerprint region of rhodamine 800 solutions as dilute as 250 nM, which is ∼1000 times more sensitive than conventional vibrational spectroscopy. These results, along with further improvement of the method, open up the prospect of performing single-molecule vibrational spectroscopy in the low-frequency region.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Rodaminas/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Fluorescência , Limite de Detecção , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Vibração
5.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(15): 8462-8470, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358308

RESUMO

Small-molecules interacting with particular RNAs and modulating their functions are vital tools for RNA-targeting drug discovery. Considering the substantial distribution of the internal loops involving two contiguous cytosines opposite to a single-nucleotide base (Y/CC; Y = C, U or A) within the biologically significant functional RNAs, developing small-molecule probes targeting Y/CC sites should provide profound insight into their functions and roles in biochemical processes. Herein, we report ANP77 as the small-molecule probe for sensing RNA internal loop of Y/CC motifs and molecules binding to the motifs. The Y/CC motifs interact with ANP77 via the formation of a 1:1 complex and quench the fluorescence of ANP77. The flanking sequence-dependent binding to C/CC and U/CC sites was assessed by fluorometric screening, provided the binding heat maps. The quenching phenomena of ANP77 fluorescence was confirmed with intrinsic potential drug target pre-miR-1908. Finally, the binding-dependent fluorescence quenching of ANP77 was utilized in the fluorescence indicator displacement assay to demonstrate the potential of ANP77 as an indicator by using the RNA-binding drugs, risdiplam and branaplam.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , RNA/química , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Citosina/química , Descoberta de Drogas , MicroRNAs/química , Motivos de Nucleotídeos , Pirimidinas/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo
6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4993, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404798

RESUMO

Dissipative self-assembly, which requires a continuous supply of fuel to maintain the assembled states far from equilibrium, is the foundation of biological systems. Among a variety of fuels, light, the original fuel of natural dissipative self-assembly, is fundamentally important but remains a challenge to introduce into artificial dissipative self-assemblies. Here, we report an artificial dissipative self-assembly system that is constructed from light-induced amphiphiles. Such dissipative supramolecular assembly is easily performed using protonated sulfonato-merocyanine and chitosan based molecular and macromolecular components in water. Light irradiation induces the assembly of supramolecular nanoparticles, which spontaneously disassemble in the dark due to thermal back relaxation of the molecular switch. Owing to the presence of light-induced amphiphiles and the thermal dissociation mechanism, the lifetimes of these transient supramolecular nanoparticles are highly sensitive to temperature and light power and range from several minutes to hours. By incorporating various fluorophores into transient supramolecular nanoparticles, the processes of aggregation-induced emission and aggregation-caused quenching, along with periodic variations in fluorescent color over time, have been demonstrated. Transient supramolecular assemblies, which act as fluorescence modulators, can also function in human hepatocellular cancer cells.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Nanopartículas/química , Água/química , Fluorescência , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Cinética , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Temperatura
7.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443576

RESUMO

Bioorthogonal click-reactions represent ideal means for labeling biomolecules selectively and specifically with suitable small synthetic dyes. Genetic code expansion (GCE) technology enables efficient site-selective installation of bioorthogonal handles onto proteins of interest (POIs). Incorporation of bioorthogonalized non-canonical amino acids is a minimally perturbing means of enabling the study of proteins in their native environment. The growing demand for the multiple modification of POIs has triggered the quest for developing orthogonal bioorthogonal reactions that allow simultaneous modification of biomolecules. The recently reported bioorthogonal [4 + 1] cycloaddition reaction of bulky tetrazines and sterically demanding isonitriles has prompted us to develop a non-canonical amino acid (ncAA) bearing a suitable isonitrile function. Herein we disclose the synthesis and genetic incorporation of this ncAA together with studies aiming at assessing the mutual orthogonality between its reaction with bulky tetrazines and the inverse electron demand Diels-Alder (IEDDA) reaction of bicyclononyne (BCN) and tetrazine. Results showed that the new ncAA, bulky-isonitrile-carbamate-lysine (BICK) is efficiently and specifically incorporated into proteins by genetic code expansion, and despite the slow [4 + 1] cycloaddition, enables the labeling of outer membrane receptors such as insulin receptor (IR) with a membrane-impermeable dye. Furthermore, double labeling of protein structures in live and fixed mammalian cells was achieved using the mutually orthogonal bioorthogonal IEDDA and [4 + 1] cycloaddition reaction pair, by introducing BICK through GCE and BCN through a HaloTag technique.


Assuntos
Código Genético , Lisina/química , Lisina/genética , Nitrilas/química , Reação de Cicloadição , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Coloração e Rotulagem
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39076-39087, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378375

RESUMO

Fluorophores with multifunctional properties known as rare-earth-doped nanoparticles (RENPs) are promising candidates for bioimaging, therapy, and drug delivery. When applied in vivo, these nanoparticles (NPs) have to retain long blood-circulation time, bypass elimination by phagocytic cells, and successfully arrive at the target area. Usually, NPs in a biological medium are exposed to proteins, which form the so-called "protein corona" (PC) around the NPs and influence their targeted delivery and accumulation in cells and tissues. Different surface coatings change the PC size and composition, subsequently deciding the fate of the NPs. Thus, detailed studies on the PC are of utmost importance to determine the most suitable NP surface modification for biomedical use. When it comes to RENPs, these studies are particularly scarce. Here, we investigate the PC composition and its impact on the cellular uptake of citrate-, SiO2-, and phospholipid micelle-coated RENPs (LiYF4:Yb3+,Tm3+). We observed that the PC of citrate- and phospholipid-coated RENPs is relatively stable and similar in the adsorbed protein composition, while the PC of SiO2-coated RENPs is larger and highly dynamic. Moreover, biocompatibility, accumulation, and cytotoxicity of various RENPs in cancer cells have been evaluated. On the basis of the cellular imaging, supported by the inhibition studies, it was revealed that RENPs are internalized by endocytosis and that specific endocytic routes are PC composition dependent. Overall, these results are essential to fill the gaps in the fundamental understanding of the nano-biointeractions of RENPs, pertinent for their envisioned application in biomedicine.


Assuntos
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Metais Terras Raras/química , Coroa de Proteína/metabolismo , Dióxido de Silício/química , Adsorção , Neoplasias da Mama , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Ácido Cítrico/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/metabolismo , Endocitose , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula , Fosfolipídeos/química , Propriedades de Superfície
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445653

RESUMO

Fluorophores with aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) properties have attracted increasing interest in recent years. On the basis of our previous research, we successfully designed and synthesized eleven chalcones. Through an optical performance experiment, we confirmed that compounds 1-6 had obvious AIEE properties. As these AIEE molecules had excellent fluorescence properties and a large Stokes shift, we studied their application in living cell imaging, and the results showed that these compounds had low cytotoxicity and good biocompatibility at the experimental concentrations. More importantly, they could specifically label mitochondria. Subsequently, we selected zebrafish as experimental animals to explore the possibilities of these compounds in animal imaging. The fluorescence imaging of zebrafish showed that these AIEE molecules can enter the embryo and can be targeted to aggregate in the digestive tract, which provides a strong foundation for their practical application in the field of biological imaging. Compared with traditional fluorophores, these AIEE molecules have the advantages of possessing a small molecular weight and high flexibility. Therefore, they have excellent application prospects in the field of biological imaging. In addition, the findings of this study have very positive practical significance for the discovery of more AIEE molecules.


Assuntos
Chalconas/síntese química , Chalconas/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Células A549 , Animais , Humanos , Peixe-Zebra
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(34): 40342-40353, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412466

RESUMO

Sensitive point-of-care methods for detecting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antigens in clinical specimens are urgently needed to achieve rapid screening of viral infection. We developed a magnetic quantum dot-based dual-mode lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) biosensor for the high-sensitivity simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) and nucleocapsid protein (NP) antigens, which is beneficial for improving the detection accuracy and efficiency of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the point-of-care testing area. A high-performance magnetic quantum dot with a triple-QD shell (MagTQD) nanotag was first fabricated and integrated into the LFIA system to provide superior fluorescence signals, enrichment ability, and detectability for S/NP antigen testing. Two detection modes were provided by the proposed MagTQD-LFIA. The direct mode was used for rapid screening or urgent detection of suspected samples within 10 min, and the enrichment mode was used for the highly sensitive and quantitative analysis of SARS-CoV-2 antigens in biological samples without the interference of the "hook effect." The simultaneous detection of SARS-CoV-2 S/NP antigens was conducted in one LFIA strip, and the detection limits for two antigens under direct and enrichment modes were 1 and 0.5 pg/mL, respectively. The MagTQD-LFIA showed high accuracy, specificity, and stability in saliva and nasal swab samples and is an efficient tool with flexibility to meet the testing requirements for SARS-CoV-2 antigens in various situations.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo de Coronavírus/análise , SARS-CoV-2/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/análise , Anticorpos Imobilizados/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo de Coronavírus/imunologia , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nasofaringe/virologia , Fosfoproteínas/análise , Fosfoproteínas/imunologia , Pontos Quânticos/química , Saliva/virologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia
11.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 69(8): 768-772, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334520

RESUMO

A facile and reliable fluorescence method for the quantification of urinary uracil concentration is proposed herein. The assay utilizes a specific fluorescence (FL) derivatization reaction for uracil using 3-methylbenzamidoxime as a fluorogenic reagent. Although the presence of urine inhibited the FL reaction, 10 µL of urine was sufficient for the detection of urinary uracil. The uracil derivative was successfully separated from other fluorescent impurities using simple reversed-phase LC with FL detection. Urinary uracil concentrations from 16 people were compared with the concentrations obtained by the traditional column-switching liquid chromatographic analysis with UV detection. The FL derivative of uracil appeared as a single peak in the chromatograms of all samples. However, several samples showed an additional peak overlapping the uracil peak when using the column-switching method because of UV-active impurities. These results indicated that that the present method is not affected by interfering substances in urine and affords a precise determination of urinary uracil. We expect the proposed method to be applicable for diagnosing dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency in 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Benzamidinas/química , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Uracila/urina , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular
12.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361578

RESUMO

Nitroreductase as a potential biomarker for aggressive tumors has received extensive attention. In this work, a novel NIR fluorescent probe for nitroreductase detection was synthesized. The probe Py-SiRh-NTR displayed excellent sensitivity and selectivity. Most importantly, the confocal fluorescence imaging demonstrated that HepG-2 cells treated with Py-SiRh-NTR under hypoxic conditions showed obvious enhanced fluorescence, which means that the NTR was overexpressed under hypoxic conditions. Moreover, the probe showed great promise that could help us to study related anticancer mechanisms research.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias , Nitrorredutases/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacocinética , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/enzimologia
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445351

RESUMO

Multiplexed single-cell analysis of proteins in their native cellular contexts holds great promise to reveal the composition, interaction and function of the distinct cell types in complex biological systems. However, the existing multiplexed protein imaging technologies are limited by their detection sensitivity or technical demands. To address these issues, here, we develop an ultrasensitive and multiplexed in situ protein profiling approach by reiterative staining with off-the-shelf antibodies and cleavable fluorescent tyramide (CFT). In each cycle of this approach, the protein targets are recognized by antibodies labeled with horseradish peroxidase, which catalyze the covalent deposition of CFT on or close to the protein targets. After imaging, the fluorophores are chemically cleaved, and the antibodies are stripped. Through continuous cycles of staining, imaging, fluorophore cleavage and antibody stripping, a large number of proteins can be quantified in individual cells in situ. Applying this method, we analyzed 20 different proteins in each of ~67,000 cells in a human formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tonsil tissue. Based on their unique protein expression profiles and microenvironment, these individual cells are partitioned into different cell clusters. We also explored the cell-cell interactions in the tissue by examining which specific cell clusters are selectively associating or avoiding each other.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Proteínas/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Anticorpos/metabolismo , Comunicação Celular , Imunofluorescência/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacocinética , Formaldeído/química , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre/análise , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre/metabolismo , Humanos , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas/métodos , Tonsila Palatina/química , Tonsila Palatina/citologia , Tonsila Palatina/metabolismo , Inclusão em Parafina , Proteínas/análise , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos
14.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 161(5): 249-256, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433167

RESUMO

B chromosomes occur in different species of the small characid fishes of the genus Moenkhausia. These supernumerary elements, that do not recombine with chromosomes of the standard A complement and follow their own evolutionary mechanism vary in number, morphology, and distribution. Here, we show karyotypic data of individuals of 2 populations of Moenkhausia oligolepis of the Brazilian Amazon (Pedro Correia and Taboquinha streams, Tocantins river basin), both with a diploid number of 50 chromosomes and karyotypic formula of 10m + 32sm + 8a. In addition to the normal complement, we also observed the occurrence of B chromosomes in the 2 populations with intra- and interindividual variation ranging from 0 to 10 Bs, independent of sex. The C-banding pattern evidenced heterochromatic blocks located mainly in the pericentromeric region of the chromosomes, while the B chromosomes appeared euchromatic. Silver-stained nucleolus organizer regions were identified in multiples sites, and some of these blocks were positive when stained with chromomycin A3. The karyotype analysis and the application of whole-chromosome painting in populations of M. oligolepis reinforce the conservation of the basal diploid number for the genus, as well as the evolutionary tendency in these fishes to carry B chromosomes. Both populations turned out to be in different stages of stability and expansion of their B chromosomes. We further suggest that the origin of these chromosomes is due to the formation of isochromosomes. Here, we identified a pair of complement A chromosomes involved in this process.


Assuntos
Characidae/genética , Instabilidade Cromossômica , Cromossomos/química , Cariotipagem/métodos , Animais , Brasil , Cromomicina A3/química , Bandeamento Cromossômico , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariótipo , Masculino , Mitose , Ploidias
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39719-39729, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392680

RESUMO

In this work, cucurbiturils (CBs), a class of macrocyclic supramolecules, were observed to have an interesting peroxidase-like activity, which is metal-free, substrate-specific, thermophilic, acidophilic, and insensitive to ionic strength. By coating CBs on enzyme-encapsulated zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8), a composite nanozyme was constructed, which retains the catalytic ability of CBs and enzymes and makes them cascade. On addition of the substrate, i.e., the detection target, a highly efficient cascade catalysis can be launched in all the spatial directions to generate sensitive and visible signals. Convenient detection of glucose and cholesterol as models is thereby achieved. More importantly, we have also successfully constructed a composite nanozyme-based sensor array (6 × 8 wells) and thereby achieved simultaneous colorimetric analysis of multiple samples. The concept and successful practice of the construction of the unique core-shell supramolecule/biomolecule@nanomaterial architecture provide the possibility to fabricate next-generation multifunctional materials and create new applications by integrating their unique functions.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/química , Imidazóis/química , Nanocompostos/química , Peroxidases/química , Zeolitas/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/metabolismo , Catálise , Colorimetria , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Glucose Oxidase/química , Glucose Oxidase/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Imidazóis/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Oxirredução , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Impressão Tridimensional
16.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 379(5): 33, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346011

RESUMO

Organophosphorus (OP) compounds are typically a broad class of compounds that possess various uses such as insecticides, pesticides, etc. One of the most evil utilizations of these compounds is as chemical warfare agents, which pose a greater threat than biological weapons because of their ease of access. OP compounds are highly toxic compounds that cause irreversible inhibition of enzyme acetylcholinesterase, which is essential for hydrolysis of neurotransmitter acetylcholine, leading to series of neurological disorders and even death. Due to the extensive use of these organophosphorus compounds in agriculture, there is an increase in the environmental burden of these toxic chemicals, with severe environmental consequences. Hence, the rapid and sensitive, selective, real-time detection of OP compounds is very much required in terms of environmental protection, health, and survival. Several techniques have been developed over a few decades to easily detect them, but still, numerous challenges and problems remain to be solved. Major advancement has been observed in the development of sensors using the spectroscopic technique over recent years because of the advantages offered over other techniques, which we focus on in the presented review.


Assuntos
Agentes Neurotóxicos/química , Compostos Organofosforados/química , Praguicidas/química , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Carbocianinas/química , Transporte de Elétrons , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Agentes Neurotóxicos/metabolismo , Compostos Organofosforados/metabolismo , Praguicidas/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4883, 2021 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385449

RESUMO

Pure organic room-temperature phosphorescent (RTP) materials have been suggested to be promising bioimaging materials due to their good biocompatibility and long emission lifetime. Herein, we report a class of RTP materials. These materials are developed through the simple introduction of an aromatic carbonyl to a tetraphenylpyrrole molecule and also exhibit aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties. These molecules show non-emission in solution and purely phosphorescent emission in the aggregated state, which are desirable properties for biological imaging. Highly crystalline nanoparticles can be easily fabricated with a long emission lifetime (20 µs), which eliminate background fluorescence interference from cells and tissues. The prepared nanoparticles demonstrate two-photon absorption characteristics and can be excited by near infrared (NIR) light, making them promising materials for deep-tissue optical imaging. This integrated aggregation-induced phosphorescence (AIP) strategy diversifies the existing pool of bioimaging agents to inspire the development of bioprobes in the future.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Luminescência , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Pirróis/química , Imagem com Lapso de Tempo/métodos , Animais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão/métodos , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(63): 7782-7785, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263888

RESUMO

The controlled hydrolysis of sulfone-rhodamines affords a series of core-modified red-emitting rhodols, the fluorescence of which is sensitive to solvent polarity with pronounced bathochromic shifts recorded in both DMSO and CH3CN combined with an up to 8-fold increase in the fluorescence quantum yield.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Mitocôndrias/química , Sulfonas/química , Xantonas/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(63): 7786-7789, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264259

RESUMO

Herein, we propose a dual-responsive fluorescent nanoprobe to visualize the cross-talk between O2 and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in living cells. We hope it will be a helpful tool for the further understanding of cellular metabolism and further facilitating risk warning in the process of adaptation to consistent environmental pressures in premalignant lesions.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas/química , Oxigênio/química
20.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199465

RESUMO

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) plays an important role in the human body and monitoring its level is meaningful due to the relationship between its level and diseases. A fluorescent sensor (CMB) based on coumarin was designed and its ability for detecting hydrogen peroxide by fluorescence signals was also studied. The CMB showed an approximate 25-fold fluorescence enhancement after adding H2O2 due to the interaction between the CMB and H2O2 and had the potential for detecting physiological H2O2. It also showed good biocompatibility and permeability, allowing it to penetrate cell membranes and zebrafish tissues, thus it can perform fluorescence imaging of H2O2 in living cells and zebrafish. This probe is a promising tool for monitoring the level of H2O2 in related physiological and pathological research.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Animais , Membrana Celular , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Imagem Óptica , Peixe-Zebra
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