Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.911
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36613131

RESUMO

Intergenerational Day Centers (IDCs) are an innovation that addresses two important societal challenges, the continuing need for childcare and the emerging demand for older-adult supportive services that help them remain independent in their homes. These facilities provide care, and specialized resources and activities for both older adults and children in one location. While the importance and benefits of these programs have been proven, there is scant information in the literature and best-practice guidelines on the planning and development of these programs. This qualitative study focuses on the research, planning, and building development for new IDCs in metropolitan areas. It is based on a case example of the process of establishing an IDC in the City of Austin, which was an element of the Age-Friendly Austin Plan. It examines the applicable literature and the extensive involvement of experts in architecture, community planning, and public health policy as well as data collected from community engagement workshops to facilitate the IDC's creation and operation. This study offers a developmental strategy method that can be adopted and utilized by other cities, developers, and designers who are interested in building IDCs.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Creches , Criança , Humanos , Idoso
2.
Front Public Health ; 10: 999272, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36568801

RESUMO

Purpose: This study used multiple methods (interviews, survey) to assess experiences of stakeholders, sponsors, and center-based early care and education (ECE) program directors pertaining to child nutrition (e.g., provision of nutritious foods, mealtime practices, CACFP administration/use) and the provision of child-care (i.e., day-to-day ECE operations and programming) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Participants included stakeholders from 22 national and state agencies associated with the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) who also work to promote nutrition and quality child-care, representatives of 17 CACFP sponsor organizations, and 40 center-based ECE program directors who participated in interviews, as well as 100 ECE directors who completed surveys. Data were collected across four states. Thematic analyses of interviews and descriptive methods were used to analyze data collected. Results: Six main themes emerged from stakeholders, sponsors, and ECE program directors' focusing on: experiences during the temporary closure of several ECE programs; additional responsibilities and unanticipated expenses for ECE programs; difficulty in keeping up with constantly changing COVID-19 guidance; encounters during shifts from in-person to virtual training and monitoring; changes to nutrition practices at ECE; and the need to prioritize ECE funding. Conclusions: Findings highlight challenges and supports to ECE programs and could inform future efforts to enhance child-care quality and child nutrition in the U.S. during pandemic situations.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Creches , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil
3.
Nutrients ; 14(21)2022 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364713

RESUMO

The Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) provides reimbursements for nutritious foods for children with low-income at participating child care sites in the United States. The CACFP is associated with improved child diet quality, health outcomes, and food security. However CACFP participation rates are declining. Independent child care centers make up a substantial portion of CACFP sites, yet little is known about their barriers to participation. Researcher-led focus groups and interviews were conducted in 2021-2022 with 16 CACFP-participating independent centers and 5 CACFP sponsors across California CACFP administrative regions to identify participation benefits, barriers, and facilitators. Transcripts were coded for themes using the grounded theory method. CACFP benefits include reimbursement for food, supporting communities with low incomes, and healthy food guidelines. Barriers include paperwork, administrative reviews, communication, inadequate reimbursement, staffing, nutrition standards, training needs, eligibility determination, technological challenges, and COVID-19-related staffing and supply-chain issues. Facilitators included improved communication, additional and improved training, nutrition standards and administrative review support, online forms, reduced and streamlined paperwork. Sponsored centers cited fewer barriers than un-sponsored centers, suggesting sponsors facilitate independent centers' CACFP participation. CACFP participation barriers should be reduced to better support centers and improve nutrition and food security for families with low-income.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cuidado da Criança , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Política Nutricional , Creches , California
4.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 43(329): 18-20, 2022.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36435517

RESUMO

Based on knowledge of child development, this exploratory study focuses on the quality of touch during the care of babies in early childhood facilities. It also examines the place given to affect in the interaction between professionals and children.


Assuntos
Creches , Tato , Criança , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Hospital Dia
6.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 54(10): 925-938, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36216442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To capture Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) state directors' experiences implementing federal waivers for feeding children in early care and education (ECE) settings during coronavirus disease 2019. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews. SETTING: Virtual interviews with state CACFP directors. PARTICIPANTS: Child and Adult Care Food Program directors from 21 states from December 2020 to May 2021. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Implementation of state-level waivers. ANALYSIS: Qualitative thematic analysis. RESULTS: State directors reported that the coronavirus disease 2019 waivers allowed ECE programs to continue feeding children despite being closed or having limited enrollment. The meal pattern, noncongregate feeding, parent/guardian meal pick-up, and monitoring waivers were most frequently used by states. Challenges included maintaining integrity to CACFP meal pattern requirements, addressing the limited capacity of ECE to produce and distribute noncongregate meals, and adapting technology for virtual reviews. Suggested improvements included streamlined communication from the US Department of Agriculture, standing waivers for emergencies, ongoing flexibilities for feeding children, and strategies to increase CACFP enrollment and reduce financial viability requirements for ECE. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Results indicate the need for the US Department of Agriculture to consider issuing and extending waivers, increasing ECE participation in CACFP, and ensuring timely communication and guidance on waiver tracking.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Creches , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Refeições , Política Nutricional , Pandemias
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293861

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize hand-to-face contact (HFC) in children and analyze the factors that affect HFC behaviors of preschoolers in childcare facilities in Korea. METHODS: Thirty preschoolers aged between 13 and 84 months were enrolled with parents' voluntary participation. Videotaping (10 children/childcare center/2 h) and video reading was performed from 23 November 2018 to 7 January 2019. RESULTS: A total of 2719 cases of HFC were observed in 30 participants within 2 h. The average contact with the facial mucosa (frequency/person/2 h) was 55.6 ± 42.2, of which the mouth (25.4 ± 23.9), the nose (20.4 ± 24.5), and the eye (9.8 ± 11.7) were the most frequent contacts, in that order. The average contact duration (sec/person/2 h) with the facial mucosa was 232.6 ± 169.7, of which the mouth (145.2 ± 150), the nose (57.6 ± 62.2), and the eyes (29.7 ± 42.3) were the longest in that order. The density distribution of the frequency and duration of mucosal contact was wider in boys than in girls. The mucosal and non-mucosal contact frequencies were significantly higher in boys (p = 0.027 and p = 0.030, respectively). CONCLUSION: Children's HFC frequency and duration were highest for the mouth, nose, and eyes. Boys tended to have a higher contact frequency than girls for both mucous and non-mucous HFC.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Creches , Masculino , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Mãos , Boca , Face
9.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1845, 2022 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In England, the emergence the more transmissible SARS-CoV-2 variant Alpha (B.1.1.7) led to a third national lockdown from December 2020, including restricted attendance at schools. Nurseries, however, remained fully open. COVID-19 outbreaks (≥ 2 laboratory-confirmed cases within 14 days) in nurseries were investigated to assess the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and cumulative incidence in staff and children over a three-month period when community SARS-CoV-2 infections rates were high and the Alpha variant was spreading rapidly across England. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional national investigation of COVID-19 outbreaks in nurseries across England. Nurseries reporting a COVID-19 outbreak to PHE between November 2020 and January 2021 were requested to complete a questionnaire about their outbreak. RESULTS: Three hundred and twenty-four nurseries, comprising 1% (324/32,852) of nurseries in England, reported a COVID-19 outbreak. Of the 315 (97%) nurseries contacted, 173 (55%) reported 1,657 SARS-CoV-2 cases, including 510 (31%) children and 1,147 (69%) staff. A child was the index case in 45 outbreaks (26%) and staff in 125 (72%) outbreaks. Overall, children had an incidence rate of 3.50% (95%CI, 3.21-3.81%) and was similar irrespective of whether the index case was a child (3.55%; 95%CI, 3.01-4.19%) or staff (3.44%; 95%CI, 3.10-3.82%). Among staff, cumulative incidence was lower if the index case was a child (26.28%; 95%CI, 23.54-29.21%%) compared to a staff member (32.98%; 95%CI, 31.19-34.82%), with the highest cumulative incidence when the index case was also a staff member (37.52%; 95%CI, 35.39-39.70%). Compared to November 2020, outbreak sizes and cumulative incidence was higher in January 2021, when the Alpha variant predominated. Nationally, SARS-CoV-2 infection rates in < 5 year-olds remained low and followed trends in older age-groups, increasing during December 2020 and declining thereafter. CONCLUSIONS: In this cross-sectional study of COVID-19 outbreaks in nurseries, one in three staff were affected compared to one in thirty children. There was some evidence of increased transmissibility and higher cumulative incidence associated with the Alpha variant, highlighting the importance of maintaining a low level of community infections.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Berçários para Lactentes , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Lactente , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-49155

RESUMO

Brasil publica material com orientações para promover nas creches públicas a amamentação e alimentação complementar adequada e saudável das crianças de até três anos de idade. O material foi produzido pelo Fundo Nacional de Desenvolvimento da Educação (FNDE), com a colaboração técnica de especialistas, da Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde (OPAS) e do Ministério da Saúde do país.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Nutrição do Lactente , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Creches , Dieta Saudável , Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde , Brasil
11.
Nutrients ; 14(18)2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36145161

RESUMO

With diet-related chronic diseases being the largest contributors to U.S. morbidity and mortality, identifying population-level strategies to promote healthier diets is essential. Intervention during early childhood may be particularly important. The Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), a federal nutrition assistance program in the U.S. that supports serving meals and snacks in child care settings, reaches millions of U.S. children. Recent 2017 updates to CACFP's meal patterns were meant to improve the nutritional quality of food served through CACFP by providing more whole grains, fruit, and vegetables. In this study, we used a natural experimental, longitudinal study of child care centers participating in CACFP compared to nonparticipating centers to assess whether the quality of food and beverages served (per menu analysis) improved following the CACFP meal pattern changes. While we found that CACFP centers were more likely to meet several key nutrition standards in comparison to non-CACFP centers overall, there were no differences in menu quality from before to after the 2017 standards change between CACFP and non-CACFP centers. Nutrition standards for CACFP may need to be further strengthened with adequate financial and technical support given to child care programs for effective implementation.


Assuntos
Assistência Alimentar , Serviços de Alimentação , Adulto , Bebidas , Criança , Cuidado da Criança , Creches , Pré-Escolar , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Refeições , Política Nutricional
12.
San Salvador; MINSAL; sept. 23, 2022. 16 p. ilus.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1411837

RESUMO

La presente Norma tiene como objeto otorgar el permiso sanitario de los Centros de Atención a Primera Infancia (CAPI). Corresponde al Ministerio de Salud, verificar la aplicación de la presente Norma Técnica, a través de la Dirección de Salud Ambiental y sus dependencias


The purpose of this Standard is to grant the health permit for Early Childhood Care Centers (CAPI). The Ministry of Health is responsible for verifying the application of this Technical Standard, through the Environmental Health Department and its dependencies.


Assuntos
Creches , Pré-Escolar , Licença de Funcionamento , Atenção , Saúde Ambiental , El Salvador , Licenciamento
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36011939

RESUMO

Policies requiring childcare settings to promote healthy eating, physical activity, and limited screentime have the potential to improve young children's health. However, policies may have limited impact without effective implementation strategies to promote policy adoption. In this mixed-methods study, we evaluated the type, quality, and dose of implementation strategies for state-level childcare licensing regulations focused on healthy eating, physical activity, or screentime using: (1) a survey of state licensing staff and technical assistance providers (n = 89) in 32 states; (2) a structured review of each state's childcare licensing and training websites for childcare providers; and (3) in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 31 childcare licensing administrators and technical assistance providers across 17 states. Implementation strategies for supporting childcare providers in adopting healthy eating, physical activity, and screentime regulations vary substantially by state, in quantity and structure. Childcare programs' financial challenges, staff turnover, and lack of adequate facilities were identified as key barriers to adoption. Access to federal food programs was seen as critical to implementing nutrition regulations. Implementation resources such as training and informational materials were rarely available in multiple languages or targeted to providers serving low-income or racially/ethnically diverse families. There is a substantial need for implementation supports for ensuring policies are successfully and equitably implemented in childcare.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Criança , Cuidado da Criança , Creches , Saúde da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle , Políticas
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955026

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the importance and performance level of knowledge about sanitary management among foodservice employees in childcare centers that were registered at Center for Children's Food Service Management in Chungju city according to their work duration, type of childcare center, and number of enrolled children. The self-administered questionnaire was conducted to examine food safety attributes of sanitary management at 150 childcare centers without qualified dietitians registered at Center for Children's Food Service Management of Chungju city. The questionnaire consisted of 15 questions about perceived importance and performance regarding sanitation management (personal hygiene, ingredient control, temperature control of food, facility, equipment, and utensils sanitation) using IPA (importance-performance analysis). The results show that overall mean scores of the importance and performance of sanitary knowledge were 4.71 and 4.67 out of 5, respectively. 'Checking the center temperature at 75 °C for 1 min in the thickest part of meat (3 times or more check for each serving)' (p = 0.047) and 'Keeping preserved meals (at least 100 g of each menu) for 144 h. with -18 °C or less' (p < 0.001) show significantly lower scores of performance than those of importance. The results of importance and performance for sanitary management according to work duration of foodservice employees show that those who have worked more than 10 years had the highest scores of importance and performance for overall sanitary management among them. For the types of childcare centers, the overall performance scores of national/public employees for sanitary management were lower than those of private or home type (p < 0.001). Additionally, the result showed that the overall importance (p < 0.001) and performance scores (p < 0.001) of employees for sanitary management in centers with <50 children were higher than those in centers with ≥50 children. This result should provide more useful information to develop food safety programs for employees and sustainable foodservice management in childcare centers.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Serviços de Alimentação , Criança , Creches , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Humanos , República da Coreia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955058

RESUMO

Few studies have documented the food and physical activity (PA) environments of childcare settings caring for children <24 months of age, although they may be key contributors to developing child PA and diet patterns. We used an adapted Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation tool to assess the food and activity environments for infants and toddlers in childcare centers (n = 21) and family childcare homes (FCCH) (n = 20) and explored differences by childcare type. Many similarities were found between childcare site types; however, centers used more recommended feeding practices than FCCH (e.g., 100% of center providers talked with toddlers about feelings of hunger or fullness compared to 18% of family childcare providers (FCCP), p < 0.01). Differences in non-recommended feeding practices (e.g., spoon feeding, bottle propping and encouraging unhealthy foods) were mixed between childcare types. Toddlers in centers spent more time playing at higher PA levels than those in FCCH (61 vs. 13 min, p < 0.001). Screen time was observed in FCCH, but not in centers. Differences between childcare types may indicate differential influences on infant and toddler feeding and PA behaviors, which could predict disparate obesity risk. Future research should further observe these behaviors in a larger sample of centers and FCCH to inform childcare interventions and policies.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Creches , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , New England , Tempo de Tela
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36011660

RESUMO

A healthy diet in early childhood is an important contributor to ensuring lifelong health and in reducing risk for obesity. The child care environment is critical to supporting nutrition as a majority of young children less than 5 years of age are enrolled in out-of-home care. In order to better understand barriers to implementing and integrating nutrition best practices, we conduced focus groups with child care providers (n = 25) in Illinois. Providers from low-income communities, rural communities, and communities of color were prioritized. Focus group participants reported several challenges including the high cost of nutritious food, picky eating, and their perception that parents did not set good examples at home. Many providers identified the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) as a critical resource in helping them implement best practices. Providers discussed needing and wanting more training, more money for food, and more parental support. These results indicate support for additional resources and sustained training and technical assistance to address perceived challenges. The evidence of the importance of CACFP in helping providers engage in nutrition best practices indicates support for expansion and strengthening of the program.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Creches , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dieta Saudável , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Estado Nutricional
17.
Trends Neurosci Educ ; 28: 100182, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35999013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children's executive functions develop rapidly during the preschool years and are critical for attending to lessons and meeting classroom expectations. Engaging in periods of outdoor play that have lower regulatory requirements and that provide opportunities for physical activity may help children maintain control over their behavior when they are back in settings with higher regulatory requirements. However, little work has formally examined this proposition in early childhood. METHODS: This study used a quasi-experimental design to examine preschoolers' executive functions following indoor compared to outdoor play. A total of 72 children (mean age = 4.5 years, 46% female, 73% non-Hispanic White) participated in task-based assessments of attention shifting and inhibitory control and in classroom observations of attention and inhibitory control. A subsample of the children (n = 51) was assessed for physical activity using accelerometry to examine the extent to which young children's physical activity during outdoor play predicted their subsequent executive functions better than their physical activity during indoor play. RESULTS: Children showed greater attention during classroom circle time following outdoor play compared to after indoor play (d = .34). Children's non-sedentary activity during indoor play was not related to their subsequent task-based executive functions but showed negative associations with their subsequent classroom-based executive functions. Children's percentage of time spent in non-sedentary physical activity during outdoor play showed a quadratic association with subsequent task-based inhibitory control but linear associations with subsequent classroom-based attention and inhibitory control during circle time. CONCLUSION: Periods of outdoor play that involve recommended amounts of physical activity may help young children engage executive functions when they return to the classroom.


Assuntos
Creches , Jogos e Brinquedos , Acelerometria , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Função Executiva , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 54(10): 947-956, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35989109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Describe Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) sponsor perspectives on barriers and facilitators to home-based provider CACFP eligibility, enrollment, and participation and ways to improve provider support. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 11 New Mexico CACFP sponsor staff representing 9 out of 13 agencies (69% response rate) from August to September, 2020. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis with an essentialist/realist epistemological approach. RESULTS: Sponsor-perceived barriers to provider CACFP: eligibility (costs, background checks, fear/stigma, and delays in becoming state-approved providers); enrollment (lack of translated/low-literacy materials and cumulative systems requirements); and participation (challenges maintaining qualifying menus and documentation and accessing qualifying food, inadequate reimbursements, and unannounced visits). Sponsors suggested systems changes to improve provider support (eg, more assistance with becoming state-approved and for start-up costs and accessible, progressive nutrition training opportunities). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Sponsors noted CACFP barriers for home-based providers and identified corresponding systems changes that could be tested.


Assuntos
Creches , Serviços de Alimentação , Adulto , Criança , Cuidado da Criança , Alimentos , Humanos , New Mexico , Política Nutricional
19.
Nutrients ; 14(16)2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36014900

RESUMO

Through the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, USDA (US Department of Agriculture) made the first major changes in the CACFP (Child and Adult Care Food Program) meal and snack menu patterns. Childcare centers that serve low-income families qualify to participate and receive reimbursement for meals and snacks served. The purpose of this study was to assess what changes in children's dietary behaviors occurred as a result of the new CACFP meal pattern requirements. This study evaluated these changes at childcare centers operating in Houston and San Antonio, Texas, USA, areas enrolled in the CACFP, pre- (Spring 2016) and post-implementation (Fall 2016-Spring 2017) of the new meal patterns. Dietary intake was assessed via observations of children, 3-5 years old, conducted at breakfast, lunch, and snack times. Results showed improvements in adjusted means of several nutrients and food groups consumption, post-implementation of new CACFP meal guidelines compared to baseline, specifically intake of whole grains, milk, and juice. Additional studies are needed to confirm the impact of the revised CACFP meal patterns along with strategies to assist providers in meeting the new standards to increase the access to and intake of items in accordance with the CACFP meal pattern requirements in childcare settings.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Serviços de Alimentação , Adulto , Criança , Creches , Pré-Escolar , Ingestão de Alimentos , Humanos , Refeições , Política Nutricional
20.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 663-669, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35871738

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the supply and demand adaptation of nursery care services for children under 3 in Sichuan Province and to provide strategic suggestions for optimizing nursery care services in Sichuan Province. Methods: Data on the supply and demand of nursery school services in all 21 cities (prefectures) of Sichuan Province were collected with questionnaires for nursery care institutions and family needs questionnaires. Applying the theory of supply and demand adaptability, we analyzed the adaptability of nursery care services in Sichuan Province in four dimensions, including relevance, adaptability, accessibility and quality. Results: A total of 6883 valid institutional questionnaires and 41081 valid family questionnaires were collected. The analysis of the adaptability of supply and demand showed that there was insufficient adaptability in all four dimensions of relevance, adaptability, accessibility, and quality of nursery care services for children under 3 in Sichuan Province, which was characterized by the coexistence of insufficient supply and underutilization of services, the mismatch between the structure of services provided and the needs of families with children under 3, low economic accessibility for the general population, and low quality of services. Conclusion: There is insufficient adaptability in the supply and demand of nursery care services for children under 3 in Sichuan Province. Demand-oriented supply-side reforms should be implemented to promote the construction of a system of government-subsidized affordable nursery care services, reinforced support for the care of infants and toddlers for families, standardized management of infant and toddler care institutions, and the implementation of various supportive policies so as to comprehensively meet the diversified needs of infant and toddler care and promote their healthy growth.


Assuntos
Creches , Berçários para Lactentes , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...