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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18584, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977849

RESUMO

To evaluate epidemiology and risk factors of severe adenovirus respiratory infection in hospitalized children in Guangzhou, China.A retrospective review study was conducted, and 542 children hospitalized for adenovirus respiratory infection, were included from January 2011 to December 2014. Patients were younger than 14 years. Disease severity was classified into severe and mild. Laboratory tests and clinical characteristics were analyzed for risk factors of adenovirus respiratory infection by multivariable logistic regression.Among these 542 children, 92.1% were aged < 6 years. Clinical diagnoses were upper respiratory infections in 11.6%, bronchiolitis in 16%, and mild pneumonia in 62.0% of children. Severe pneumonia rate was 10.3% (56/542) with a mortality rate of 0.9% (5/542). The cohort comprised 542 patients; 486 patients with mild adenovirus respiratory infection and 56 patients with severe adenovirus respiratory infection. Multivariable logistic regression was used to confirm associations between variables and adenovirus respiratory infection, after age and gender adjustment. Hospital stay, still significantly associated with adenovirus respiratory infection. Patients with longer hospital stay (odds ratio [OR] = 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.13-1.28, P < .001), lower LYMPH (OR = 0.73 95% CI: 0.55-0.99, P = .039), and increased LDH (OR = 1.002, 95% CI: 1.001-1.003, P =  .001) had a higher risk of severe adenovirus respiratory infection.Adenovirus is a major pathogen in hospitalized children with respiratory infection. High serum LDH level and low lymphocyte count could be used as predictors of adenovirus respiratory infection severity in children.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/epidemiologia , Criança Hospitalizada/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Infecções por Adenovirus Humanos/mortalidade , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18714, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914082

RESUMO

To investigate the situation of antibiotic consumption and to assess the inappropriate use on pediatric inpatients of different types hospitals in Sichuan, China.A cross-sectional survey of antibiotic prescriptions among hospitalized children aged 1month -14years were conducted from April 2018 to June 2018 in southwestern China. Antibiotic prescriptions were extracted from electronic records during hospitalization of each inpatient in five different types hospitals.In this study, the antibiotic prescription rate of hospitalized children was 66.9% (1176/1758). Compared with tertiary children hospital (TC) (46.1%), general hospitals and non-tertiary children hospitals has higher rate of antibiotic prescription (almost 85%) (P < .001). 93.4% of inpatients received parenteral antibiotic. Overall, the most common antibiotics were Cefoperazone and enzyme inhibitor, Cefixime and Azithromycin. Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) was the leading reason for antibiotic consumption in pediatric wards (56.8%), followed by upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) (22.2%). For children with LRTI, Cephalosporins were heavy prescribed, especially broad-spectrum third-generation Cephalosporins (60.3%). The antibiotic prescription proportion of URTI in general hospitals and non-tertiary children hospitals (more than 18%) was higher than TC (8.1%) (P < .001).There was inappropriate use of antibiotic in hospitalized children including overuse of parenteral administration, overprescribing of antibiotic on URTI and misuse of third-generation Cephalosporins in pediatric inpatients with LRTI. Compared with tertiary freestanding children hospital, the irrational antibiotic prescription of general hospitals and non-tertiary children hospitals were more serious. Management strategy should be implementer on quality improvement of antibiotic use.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Prescrição Inadequada/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Pediátricos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Infecções Respiratórias/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03486, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020393

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto das Infecções Relacionadas à Assistência à Saúde no custo da hospitalização de crianças. Método Estudo de coorte, prospectivo, quantitativo, envolvendo crianças admitidas nas Unidades de Internação e de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica de um hospital universitário público. Os dados foram analisados por meio do software SPSS por distribuição de frequências, medidas de tendência central e dispersão. Para todas as análises foi considerado o nível de significância estatística de p<0,05. Resultados A amostra foi composta de 173 crianças, destas, 18,5% desenvolveram infecção relacionada à assistência à saúde, que aumentou em 4,2 vezes (p<0,001) o custo da hospitalização. Maior impacto de custo foi observado entre pacientes com dois ou mais sítios infecciosos (R$ 81.037,57, p=0,010) e sepse (R$ 46.315,63 p<0,001). Crianças colonizadas por microrganismos multirresistentes, com prevalência de E. coli e A. baumannii ESBL, geraram custos maiores, R$ 35.206,15 e R$ 30.692,52, respectivamente. Conclusão As infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde aumentaram significativamente os custos da hospitalização de crianças, em especial entre aquelas com mais de dois sítios infecciosos, que desenvolveram sepse e colonizadas por microrganismos multirresistentes.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar el impacto de las Infecciones Relacionadas con la Asistencia Sanitaria en el costo de la hospitalización de niños. Método Estudio de cohorte, prospectivo, cuantitativo, involucrando a niños ingresados en las Unidades de Hospitalización y de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos de un hospital universitario público. Los datos fueron analizados mediante el software SPSS por distribución de frecuencias, medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Para todos los análisis, se consideró el nivel de significación estadística de p<0,05. Resultado La muestra estuvo compuesta de 173 niños, de estos el 18,5% desarrollaron infección relacionada con la asistencia sanitaria, que aumentó 4,2 veces (p<0,001) el costo de la estancia hospitalaria. Mayor impacto de costo fue observado entre pacientes con dos o más sitios infecciosos (R$ 81.037,57, p=0,010) y sepsis (R$ 46.315,63 p<0,001). Niños colonizados por microorganismos multirresistentes, con prevalencia de E. coli y A. baumannii ESBL, generaron costos mayores, R$ 35.206,15 y R$ 30.692,52, respectivamente. Conclusión Las infecciones relacionadas con la asistencia sanitaria aumentaron significativamente los costos de la hospitalización de niños, en especial entre los con más de dos sitios infecciosos, que desarrollaron sepsis y colonizados por microorganismos multirresistentes.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of Healthcare-Associated Infections on the hospitalization cost of children. Method A prospective, quantitative cohort study involving children admitted to the Inpatient and Pediatric Intensive Care Units of a public university hospital. The data were analyzed through SPSS software by frequency distribution, central tendency measures and dispersion. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05 for all analyzes. Results The sample consisted of 173 children, of whom 18.5% developed Healthcare-Associated Infections, which increased the hospitalization costs 4.2 times (p<0.001). A greater cost impact was observed among patients with two or more infectious sites (R$81,037.57; p=0.010) and sepsis (R$46,315.63; p<0.001). Children colonized by multiresistant microorganisms with a prevalence of E. coli and A. baumannii ESBL also generated higher costs of R$35,206.15 and R$30,692.52, respectively. Conclusion Healthcare-Associated Infections significantly increased the hospitalization costs for children, especially among those with more than two infectious sites, who developed sepsis or were colonized by multiresistant microorganisms.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Infecção Hospitalar , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Estudos de Coortes , Hospitais Universitários
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 919, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pertussis causes severe disease in young unvaccinated infants, with preterms potentially at highest risk. We studied pertussis in hospitalized infants as related to gestational age (GA) and vaccination history. METHODS: Medical record data of 0-2y old patients hospitalized for pertussis during 2005-2014 were linked to vaccination data. Multivariable logistic regression was used to study the association between GA and vaccination history on the clinical disease course. We compared vaccine effectiveness (VE) against hospitalization for pertussis between term and preterm infants (i.e., <37w GA) using the screening method as developed by Farrington. RESULTS: Of 1187 records, medical data from 676 were retrieved. Of these, 12% concerned preterms, whereas they are 8% of Dutch birth cohorts. Median age at admission was 3 m for preterms and 2 m for terms (p < 0.001). Preterms more often had received pertussis vaccination (62% vs 44%; p = 0.01) and more often had coinfections (37% vs 21%; p = 0.01). Preterms tended more often to have complications, to require artificial respiration or to need admittance to the intensive care unit (ICU). Preterms had longer ICU stays (15d vs 9d; p = 0.004). Vaccinated preterms and terms had a lower median length of hospital stay and lower crude risks of apneas and the need for artificial respiration, additional oxygen, and ICU admittance than those not vaccinated. After adjustment for presence of coinfections and age at admittance, these differences were not significant, except the lower need of oxygen treatment in vaccinated terms. Effectiveness of the first vaccination against pertussis hospitalizations was 95% (95% CI 93-96%) and 73% (95% CI 20-91%) in terms and preterms, respectively. Effectiveness of the second dose of the primary vaccination series was comparable in both groups (86 and 99%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Infants hospitalized for pertussis suffer from severe disease. Preterms were overrepresented, with higher need for intensive treatment and less VE of first vaccination. These findings stress the need for alternative prevention, in particular prenatal vaccination of mothers, to reduce pertussis in both groups.


Assuntos
Criança Hospitalizada , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Vacina contra Coqueluche/uso terapêutico , Coqueluche/prevenção & controle , Coqueluche/terapia , Apneia/etiologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Tempo de Internação , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Mães , Países Baixos , Vacina contra Coqueluche/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vacinação/efeitos adversos
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 835, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing number of hospitalized children with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is co-detected with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp). The clinical characteristics and impact of Mp co-detected with other bacterial and/or viral pathogens remain poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the demographic and clinical features of CAP children with Mp mono-detection and Mp co-detection. METHODS: A total of 4148 hospitalized children with CAP were recruited from January to December 2017 at the Children's Hospital of Hebei Province, affiliated to Hebei Medical University. A variety of respiratory viruses, bacteria and Mp were detected using multiple modalities. The demographic and clinical features of CAP children with Mp mono-detection and Mp co-detection were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 110 CAP children with Mp positive, 42 (38.18%) of them were co-detected with at least one other pathogen. Co-detection was more common among children aged ≤3 years. No significant differences were found in most clinical symptoms, complications, underlying conditions and disease severity parameters among various etiological groups, with the following exceptions. First, prolonged duration of fever, lack of appetite and runny nose were more prevalent among CAP children with Mp-virus co-detection. Second, Mp-virus (excluding HRV) co-detected patients were more likely to present with prolonged duration of fever. Third, patients co-detected with Mp-bacteria were more likely to have abnormal blood gases. Additionally, CAP children with Mp-HRV co-detection were significantly more likely to report severe runny nose compared to those with Mp mono-detection. CONCLUSION: Mp co-detection with viral and/or bacterial pathogens is common in clinical practice. However, there are no apparent differences between Mp mono-detection and Mp co-detections in terms of clinical features and disease severity.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/diagnóstico , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/microbiologia , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Pré-Escolar , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/microbiologia , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/genética , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Vírus/isolamento & purificação
7.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1213-1218, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022326

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever a tipologia do cuidado realizado pelo familiar à criança com doença falciforme segundo Colliére. Método: Estudo qualitativo, descritivo, desenvolvido com familiares de crianças com doença falciforme, em um hospital geral de Vitória por meio da entrevista semiestruturada. Os dados foram interpretados à luz do Referencial Teórico de Collière e submetidos à Análise Temática. Resultados: a família se deparada com profissionais despreparados no momento da descoberta da doença. Quanto aos cuidados, houve predomínio dos cuidados de manutenção relacionados ao momento do diagnostico, brincadeiras, medicação diária, hidratação corporal, alimentação, eliminação e roupas. Já os reparadores ficaram restritos a situações emergenciais. Conclusão: é necessário capacitar os profissionais que atendem as crianças com doença falciforme para melhor satisfação das suas necessidades e de sua família


Objective: This work aims to describe the type of care provided by relatives for children with sickle cell anemia according to Collière. Methods: It is descriptive study with a qualitative approach, which was carried out with relatives of children bearing sickle cell anemia in a general hospital in Vitória city, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, by using semi-structured interviews. Data were interpreted in light of the Collière's Theoretical Reference and submitted to Thematic Analysis. Results: Families had to deal with the health care professionals' lack of skill needed to convey the diagnostic. Also, there was a predominance of the maintenance care related to the time of diagnosis, playing, daily medication, body hydration, diet, elimination, and clothing. Nonetheless, repair care was restricted to emergency situations. Conclusion: It is necessary to train the professionals who care for children with sickle cell anemia to better meet their needs and those of their families


Objetivo: Describir la tipología del cuidado realizado por el familiar al niño con enfermedad falciforme según Colliére. Método: Estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, desarrollado con familiares de niños con enfermedad falciforme, en un hospital general de Vitória por medio de la entrevista semiestructurada. Los datos fueron interpretados a la luz del Referencial Teórico de Collière y sometidos al Análisis Temático. Resultados: la familia se deparó con profesionales despreparados en el momento del descubrimiento de la enfermedad. En cuanto a los cuidados, hubo predominio de los cuidados de mantenimiento relacionados al momento del diagnóstico, bromas, medicación diaria, hidratación corporal, alimentación, eliminación y ropa. Los reparadores quedaron restringidos a situaciones de emergencia. Conclusión: es necesario capacitar a los profesionales que atienden a los niños con enfermedad falciforme para mejor satisfacción de sus necesidades y de su familia


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança Hospitalizada , Cuidadores/psicologia , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/educação , Anemia Falciforme/prevenção & controle , Brasil , Família , Capacitação Profissional
8.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1286-1292, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022718

RESUMO

Objective: The study's purpose has been to know the experience of mothers during the hospitalization of their children. Methods: This is a descriptive-exploratory study with a qualitative approach in a pediatric clinic of a reference hospital in the northern region of Ceará State, Brazil, on November 2015. The research includes eight mothers with hospitalized children at least seven days. The information was collected through individual semi-structured interviews, which were organized through the thematic analysis. Results: Four thematic categories were configured: the experience of mothers with children in hospitalization; contributions of mothers in the recovery of their child; quality of nursing care in the mother's perception; feelings aroused by the mothers during the hospitalization of their child. Conclusion: It was evidenced the need for the health team to plan and implement qualified health care, furthermore, those professionals are imbued with humanization and a comprehensive care perspective


Objetivo: Conhecer a experiência de mães durante a internação hospitalar de seus filhos. Métodos: Estudo descritivo-exploratório, com abordagem qualitativa em uma clínica pediátrica de um Hospital de referência na região norte do Ceará, Brasil, em novembro de 2015, com oito mães com filhos internados há pelo menos sete dias. A coleta das informações ocorreu por meio de entrevistas semiestruturada individual, que foram organizadas por meio da análise temática. Resultados: Configuraram-se quatro categorias temáticas: experiência de mães com filhos em internação hospitalar; contribuições das mães na recuperação do filho; qualidade do atendimento de enfermagem na percepção das mães e; sentimentos despertados das mães durante a internação hospitalar do filho. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se a necessidade de a equipe de saúde planejar e implementar cuidados de saúde qualificados, e que esses estejam imbuídos de humanização e de uma perspectiva de atenção integral


Objetivo: Conocer la experiencia de madres durante la internación hospitalaria de sus hijos. Método: Estudio descriptivo-exploratorio, con abordaje cualitativo en una clínica pediátrica de un Hospital de referencia en la región norte de Ceará, Brasil, en noviembre de 2015, con ocho madres con hijos internados hace al menos siete días. La recolección de las informaciones ocurrió por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas individuales, que fueron organizadas por medio del análisis temático. Resultados: Se configuraron cuatro categorías temáticas: experiencia de madres con hijos en internación hospitalaria; las contribuciones de las madres en la recuperación del hijo; calidad de la atención de enfermería en la percepción de las madres y; sentimientos despertados de las madres durante la internación hospitalaria del hijo. Conclusión: Se evidenció la necesidad de que el equipo de salud planificar e implementar cuidados de salud calificados, y que éstos estén imbuidos de humanización y de una perspectiva de atención integral


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Adulto , Criança Hospitalizada , Humanização da Assistência , Relações Mãe-Filho , Relações Familiares , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
9.
Pediatrics ; 144(4)2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477606

RESUMO

This statement updates the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics for the routine use of influenza vaccines and antiviral medications in the prevention and treatment of influenza in children during the 2019-2020 season. The American Academy of Pediatrics continues to recommend routine influenza immunization of all children without medical contraindications, starting at 6 months of age. Any licensed, recommended, age-appropriate vaccine available can be administered, without preference of one product or formulation over another. Antiviral treatment of influenza with any licensed, recommended, age-appropriate influenza antiviral medication continues to be recommended for children with suspected or confirmed influenza, particularly those who are hospitalized, have severe or progressive disease, or have underlying conditions that increase their risk of complications of influenza.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Aleitamento Materno , Causas de Morte , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Pré-Escolar , Contraindicações , Progressão da Doença , Farmacorresistência Viral , Hipersensibilidade a Ovo , Feminino , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Lactente , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/imunologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/efeitos adversos , Influenza Humana/complicações , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Pediatria , Gravidez , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/administração & dosagem
10.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(8): 595-598, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474039

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the psychological experience of parents of burned infants during hospitalization, and to provide basis for formulating feasible targeted treatment and nursing programs. Methods: The mother or father of 15 burned infants admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of Ruijin Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from June to October 2017 were interviewed about their psychological experience during hospitalization of their burned infants one day before the children were expected to be discharged, using the phenomenological method of qualitative research. Data were collected through face to face, semi-structured, and in-depth interviews, and the Colaizzi's analysis method was applied to analyze, induce, and refine themes of interview data. Results: During hospitalization, the parents of burned infants experienced five periods: collapse period, self-blame period, worrying period, stable period, and life belief transition period. Conclusions: The psychological experience of parents of burned infants is similar. Beginning with emotional collapse and self-blame, their psychological fluctuations gradually stabilize later. Medical staff should strengthen the psychological assessment and offer timely intervention to parents of burned infants, and it is extremely urgent to popularize knowledge related to burn prevention and first aid for parents of infants.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Pais/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Criança Hospitalizada , China , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Pesquisa Qualitativa
13.
Medwave ; 19(5): e7649, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442219

RESUMO

Introduction: Postpartum depression has increased significantly worldwide, but in the central Peruvian mountain, there are no studies that address this problem. Objectives: To identify and to establish risk factors for postpartum depression in mothers whose children are hospitalized in pediatrics/neonatology units in Huancayo. Methods: This is a case-control study. Medical records of mothers whose children were hospitalized in pediatrics/neonatology units during 2017 were included. The cases were defined as patients who “had symptoms of postpartum depression." This variable was crossed with other variables using logistical regression, odds ratio were obtained, their confidence intervals were set to 95%, and the p values were calculated. Results: Sixty-one medical records of mothers with postpartum depression (cases) and 61 medical records of mothers without postpartum depression (control) were evaluated. In the multivariate analysis, the unemployed mothers had a bigger chance of postpartum depression (p < 0.001), as well as single mothers (p < 0.001), and those with an unplanned pregnancy (p = 0.003). Conversely, mothers who reported having serious problems with their partner had a smaller chance of postpartum depression (p = 0.003). Conclusions: Different factors were found to be related to postpartum depression: marital situation, relationship with their partners, work conditions, and having an unplanned pregnancy.


Assuntos
Criança Hospitalizada/psicologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Relações Interpessoais , Peru , Gravidez , Gravidez não Planejada/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
14.
Int J Infect Dis ; 88: 41-48, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under five worldwide. As no published data is available on the occurrence of this infection in the Republic of Congo, this study aimed at (1) determining the prevalence and (2) characterizing genotypes of norovirus strains in Brazzaville. METHODS: From June 2012 to June 2013, stool samples were collected from hospitalized young children with acute gastroenteritis. A total of 545 samples were tested for GI and GII norovirus infections using nested duplex reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. RESULTS: The GI and GII norovirus infection were detected in 148 samples. Males (28%) were not significantly more infected than females (25%). Norovirus infection was found exclusively in children aged under 24 months with a higher prevalence (P=0,048) in the age group of 7-12 months, and throughout the year with a peak in August and September. Genetic diversity of norovirus strains revealed that GII was the most prevalent (87%). No risk factor was significantly associated with norovirus infection. CONCLUSION: This study showed that noroviruses are important agents responsible for acute diarrhea in Congolese children and highlights the importance of continued surveillance.


Assuntos
Infecções por Caliciviridae/epidemiologia , Diarreia/enzimologia , Gastroenterite/epidemiologia , Norovirus/isolamento & purificação , Doença Aguda , Infecções por Caliciviridae/virologia , Criança Hospitalizada , Pré-Escolar , Congo/epidemiologia , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/virologia , Feminino , Gastroenterite/virologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Norovirus/genética , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
15.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(309): 22-26, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331597

RESUMO

In intensive care units, the priority is to provide the care and treatments essential for the child's survival. However, the psychological aspect must not be ignored. The sensory-motor approach contributes to the provision of high-quality care in this context. It enables individualised care to be delivered in an environment optimising the child's resources.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Criança Hospitalizada/psicologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Criança , Humanos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(3): 707-714, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze patient safety incidents identified by caregivers of hospitalized children. METHOD: a qualitative, exploratory-descriptive study was carried out with 40 caregivers of children hospitalized in three hospital institutions in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, from April to December 2016. Semi-structured, recorded and transcribed interviews were carried out in their entirety, submitted to a thematic analysis using the NVivo 11.0 software. RESULTS: reports related to falls, infant feeding, patient/caregiver identification, medication process, communication, hand hygiene and hygiene of the hospital environment, spread of diseases, relations between caregivers and professionals and care processes/procedures were all cited. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: communication and the relations among caregivers and professionals are the main contributory factors for patient safety incidents, interfering with the quality of care. The participation of caregivers and engagement in child care may be strategies to be developed to promote a safety culture.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Brasil , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Gestão de Riscos/métodos , Gestão de Riscos/tendências , Gestão da Segurança/métodos
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 595, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noroviruses (NVs) are an important cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) worldwide. There are limited data on the prevalence and molecular characterization of NVs in children in Hohhot, China. METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2017, 1863 stool samples were collected at Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Hohhot. All samples were screened for NVs by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR). RESULTS: NVs were detected in 24.15% of these inpatient cases, ranging from 12.78 to 32.92% in different years. NV was detected throughout the year, with a peak in winter. Based on sequence analysis of the partial VP1 gene, the 306 identified NV strains were divided into six genotypes: GII.3 (71.24%), GII.4 (23.53%), and GII.2, GII.5, GII.6, and GII.13 (total 5.23%). Based on further sequence analysis of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), GII.P12/GII.3, GII.Pe/GII.4, and GII.P4/GII.4 were identified as predominant genotypes, accounting for 92.6% of genotyped strains. The median age of the children with NV infection was 8.0 (range 0-59) months. However, children infected with GII.3 were younger (median 7.0 months) than GII.4-positive patients (median 10.0 months). CONCLUSION: NV contributed greatly to AGE among hospitalized children in Hohhot in China. Continuous surveillance is important for understanding the local prevalence and characterization of NV.


Assuntos
Infecções por Caliciviridae/diagnóstico , Gastroenterite/diagnóstico , Norovirus/genética , Doença Aguda , Infecções por Caliciviridae/epidemiologia , Criança Hospitalizada , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Fezes/virologia , Feminino , Gastroenterite/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Norovirus/classificação , Norovirus/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Prevalência , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Estações do Ano
18.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 9: 4, jul. 15, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1009330

RESUMO

"\"\\\"[{\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Objetivo: identificar as percepções vivenciadas por familiares acompanhantes de crianças durante a\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nhospitalização. Método: pesquisa exploratória, qualitativa, realizada em um setor pediátrico no interior de Mato\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nGrosso, de maio a junho de 2015. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com os\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nfamiliares de crianças hospitalizadas e submetidos à análise temática. Resultados: as mães estavam mais presentes como acompanhantes durante a hospitalização e que, em alguns casos, aquele foi o primeiro contato com o setor de pediatria. A estrutura física foi considerada satisfatória. Alguns dos sentimentos e atitudes expressados foram desespero, medo, impotência/incapacidade, saudade e esperançaConsiderações finais: o estudo apontou a necessidade de acolhimento dos familiares durante a internação da criança por parte de toda a equipe de saúde, incluindo-os no processo de tratamento, atendendo suas necessidades físicas e psicológicas, contribuindo, desse modo, para a melhoria da assistência à criança.\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"pt\\\\\\\"}, {\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Aim: to identify the perceptions experienced by accompanying relatives of children during hospitalization. Method: exploratory, qualitative research carried out in a pediatric sector in the interior of Mato Grosso from May to June 2015. Data were obtained through semi-structured interviews with the relatives of hospitalized children and submitted to thematic analysis. Results: the mothers were more present as companions during the hospitalization and, in some cases, was the first contact with the pediatrics sector. The physical structure was considered satisfactory. Some of the feelings and expressed attitudes were despair, fear, impotence/ helplessness, longing, and hope. Final considerations: the study pointed out the need of reception of family members by the entire health team during the hospitalization of the child, including them in the treatment process, attending to their physical and psychological needs, thus contributing to the improvement of child care.\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"en\\\\\\\"}, {\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Objetivo: identificar las impresiones vividas por familiares acompañantes de niños durante la hospitalización. Método: investigación exploratoria, cualitativa, realizada en un sector pediátrico en el interior de Mato Grosso, de mayo a junio de 2015. Los datos fueron recolectados por medio de entrevistas semiestructuradas con los familiares de niños hospitalizados y sometidos al análisis temático. Resultados: las madres estaban más presentes como acompañantes durante la hospitalización y, en algunos casos, ese fue el primer contacto con el sector de pediatría. La estructura física fue considerada satisfactoria. Algunos de los sentimientos y actitudes expresados fueron desesperación, miedo, impotencia / incapacidad, nostalgia y esperanza. Consideraciones finales: el estudio destacó la necesidad de la acogida de los familiares durante la internación del niño por parte de todo el equipo de salud, incluyéndolos en el proceso de tratamiento, atendiendo sus necesidades físicas y psicológicas, contribuyendo así para la mejora de la asistencia al niño.\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"es\\\\\\\"}]\\\"\""


Assuntos
Humanos , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Pediatria , Família , Criança Hospitalizada , Convalescença
19.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 857-861, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005534

RESUMO

Objetivo: Investigar o estresse vivenciado por pais ou mães que cuidam de filhos com câncer. Métodos: Pesquisa quantitativa realizada com 22 mães que recebiam apoio na Casa da Criança com Câncer em João Pessoa/Paraíba, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados entre março e maio de 2016 por meio de questionário sociodemográfico e de vulnerabilidade ao estresse. Os dados foram processados pela frequência absoluta e relativa, média e desvio padrão da média, mínimo e máximo. Aprovado CAAE: 49175015100005176. Resultados: Verificouse que 59,1% (13) eram crianças do sexo masculino e 100% (22) mulheres (mães) que cuidavam dos filhos; o tratamento mais prevalente foi à quimioterapia; 100% dos cuidadores apresentaram alta vulnerabilidade de desenvolver estresse. Conclusão: É necessária uma assistência multiprofisisonal direcionada não apenas à criança diagnosticada com câncer, mas ao cuidador e à família que participa e auxília em todos os momentos de sofrimento


Objective: To investigate the stress experienced by parents who care for children with cancer. Method: Quantitative research performed with 22 mothers who received support at the House of the Child with Cancer in João Pessoa/Paraíba, Brazil. Data were collected between March and May 2016 through a sociodemographic and stress vulnerability questionnaire. Data were processed by absolute and relative frequency, mean and standard deviation of the mean, minimum and maximum. Approved CAAE: 49175015100005176. Results: It was verified that 59.1% (13) were male children and 100% (22) female (mothers) who cared for their children; The most prevalent treatment was chemotherapy; 100% of caregivers presented high vulnerability to developing stress. Conclusion: Multiprofisisonal assistance is 1 Enfermeira pela Faculdade de São Francisco da Paraíba (FASP), Especialista em Oncologia, Hematologia Cirúrgica e Molecular. 2 Enfermeira pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Estudante PhD no Programa de pós-graduação em Enfermagem da UFRN. 3 Graduanda em Enfermagem pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa (UNIPÊ). 4 Graduanda em Enfermagem pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa (UNIPÊ). 5 Enfermeiro pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa (UNIPÊ). 6 Enfermeiro pelo Centro Universitário de João Pessoa (UNIPÊ), Estudante PhD no Programa de pós-graduação em Enfermagem da UFRN. DOI: 10.9789/2175-5361.2019.v11i4.857-861 Vulnerabilidade ao estresse: pais cuidadores de filhos com câncer ISSN 2175-5361 Anna Luiza CF, Anna Cláudia FAP, Lidianne ML, et al. J. res.: fundam. care. online 2019 abr/jun 11(4): 857-861 858 needed not only for the child diagnosed with cancer, but also for the caregiver and the family that participates and assistance in all moments of suffering


Objetivo: Investigar el estrés vivido por padres o madres que cuidan hijos con cáncer. Método: Investigación cuantitativa realizada con 22 madres que recibían apoyo en la Casa del Niño con Cáncer en João Pessoa/ Paraíba, Brasil. Los datos fueron recolectados entre marzo y mayo de 2016 a través de cuestionario sociodemográfico y de Vulnerabilidad al estrés. Los datos fueron procesados por la frecuencia absoluta y relativa, media, desviación estándar de la media, mínimo y máximo. Aprobado CAAE: 49175015100005176. Resultados: Se verificó que el 59,1% (13) eran niños del sexo masculino y 100% (22) mujeres (madres) que cuidaban a los hijos; El tratamiento más prevalente fue a la quimioterapia; 100% de los cuidadores presentaron una alta vulnerabilidad de desarrollar estrés. Conclusión: Es necesaria una asistencia multiprofisisonal dirigida no sólo para el niño diagnosticado con cáncer, sino al cuidador y la familia que participa y auxilia en todos los momentos de sufrimiento


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Cuidadores/psicologia , Neoplasias , Relações Pais-Filho , Família/psicologia , Criança Hospitalizada/psicologia
20.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 1043-1047, jul.-set. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005743

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar o uso do brinquedo terapêutico pelos acadêmicos de enfermagem no cuidado à criança hospitalizada e discutir as implicações de seu uso na trajetória do acadêmico de enfermagem. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, desenvolvida em uma Escola de Enfermagem Federal no Rio de Janeiro com 17 acadêmicos. A coleta de dados foi realizada em outubro e novembro de 2016 por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e tratados com a técnica de análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados: o brinquedo terapêutico é apresentado ao aluno no conteúdo teórico, porém sem a oportunidade de aplicá-lo na prática. Sua aplicação prática o deixaria mais seguro para prestar assistência à criança, somado à qualidade do cuidado prestado e os benefícios para ela. Conclusão: o ensino do brinquedo terapêutico deve acontecer em campo prático, e não somente no teórico, contribuindo, assim, para melhor formação do enfermeiro e melhoria da qualidade da assistência pediátrica


Objective: To identify the use of therapeutic toys by nursing students when caring for hospitalized children and to discuss the consequences of their use in the path of nursing students. Method: Qualitative research, developed at a Federal Nursing School in Rio de Janeiro with 17 students. Data were collected in October and November 2016, through semistructured interviews, and they were processed with the thematic content analysis technique. Results: The therapeutic toy is introduced to the student in the theoretical content, but without the opportunity to apply it in practice. Its practical application would make it safer to provide care to the child, added to the quality of the care provided and the benefits for it. Conclusion: The therapeutic toy teaching should happen in the practical field, not only in the theoretical field, thereby contributing to a better training of nurses and improvement of the quality of the pediatric care


Objetivo: Identificar el uso del juguete terapéutico por los académicos de enfermería en la atención al niño hospitalizado y discutir las consecuencias de su uso en la trayectoria del académico de enfermería. Método: Investigación cualitativa, desarrollada en una Escuela Federal de Enfermería en Río de Janeiro con 17 académicos. Los datos se recolectaron en octubre y noviembre 2016 mediante entrevista semiestructurada y se trataron con la técnica de análisis de contenido temático. Resultados: El juguete terapéutico se presenta al alumno en el contenido teórico, pero sin oportunidad de aplicarlo en la práctica. Su aplicación práctica lo dejaría más seguro para ayudar al niño, sumado a la calidad de la atención ofrecida y los beneficios para él. Conclusión: La enseñanza del juguete terapéutico debe ocurrir en el campo práctico, y no sólo en el teórico, contribuyendo así para mejor formación del enfermero y mejoramiento de la calidad de la asistencia pediátrica


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adulto , Jogos e Brinquedos/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Criança Hospitalizada , Enfermagem Pediátrica/educação , Materiais de Ensino
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