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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 30-34, maio-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1252909

RESUMO

Dentre as principais consequências da fissura labial e/ou palatina não sindrômica (FL/ PNS) estão dificuldades com fonação e autoestima, a primeira uma questão funcional e a segunda um problema social derivado não raro de contextos de bullying que, dentre outros, podem levar o indivíduo à evasão escolar. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o atraso de escolaridade e a dificuldade de socialização de pacientes com FL/PNS quando comparados a uma população não afetada da mesma faixa etária de 7 a 20 anos, atendidos na Universidade José do Rosário Vellano ­UNIFENAS, campus de Alfenas. Os sujeitos foram agrupados em duas categorias de indivíduos, o grupo caso composto por indivíduos com FL/PNS em tratamento no Centro Pró-Sorriso da UNIFENAS; e o grupo controle composto por indivíduos sem FL/PNS em tratamento nas clínicas de Odontopediatria e Integrada da UNIFENAS. Os resultados demonstraram que a proporção de pacientes com FL/PNS atrasados na escola foi de quase 5 vezes maior que o número de pacientes sem fissuras (p<0,01). Constatou-se que a presença da FL/PNS pode ser o ponto de partida para outros contribuintes, com interferências psicológicas e/ou sociais, interferindo negativamente no processo de socialização (bullying) do paciente (p=0,0018). Portanto devem ser tratadas com abordagem multidisciplinar, incluindo diversos profissionais, dentre eles pedagogos, psicólogos e odontólogos(AU)


Among the main consequences of Non Syndromic Cleft Lip and Palate (NSCLP) are the difficulties with phonation and self estime, the first being a functional issue na the later being social that is derived from, not rarely, bullying contexts, that among other things, may lead na individual to school evasion. The objective of this study was to avaluate the levels of scholarity of patients with NSCLP when compared to a non affected population of the same age in individuals from 7 to 20 years old, attended the Pediatric and Integrated Pediatric Clinic of UNIFENAS, Alfenas campus. The subjects were grouped into two categories of individuals, the case group was composed of individuals with FL/PNS with treatment at the ProSmile center at UNIFENAS. The control group was composed of individuals without FL/PNS in treatment at the clinics of pediatric and integrated denistry at UNIFENAS. The results demonstrated the number of patients with FL/PNS that presented scholar delay were almost 5 times the number of patients that didn't present FL/PNS (p<0,01). The presence of NFL/PNS may be the starting point for other contributors with psychological and/or social interferences, interfering negatively with the socialization process (bullying) of the patient (p=0,0018). They should be treated with a multidisciplinary manner, including multiple professionals, among them pedagogues, psychologist and dentist(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Evasão Escolar , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Bullying , Fonação , Socialização
2.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48232

RESUMO

Hábitos saudáveis têm mais chances de acompanhar a população durante a vida se começarem logo na infância. Por isso, é preciso chamar atenção para a qualidade de vida e rotina alimentar balanceada nesta quinta-feira (3), Dia da Conscientização Contra a Obesidade Mórbida Infantil


Assuntos
Brasil/etnologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/mortalidade , Obesidade Mórbida , Criança
3.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 144, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transmission within families and multiple spike protein mutations have been associated with the rapid transmission of SARS-CoV-2. We aimed to: (1) describe full genome characterization of SARS-CoV-2 and correlate the sequences with epidemiological data within family clusters, and (2) conduct phylogenetic analysis of all samples from Yogyakarta and Central Java, Indonesia and other countries. METHODS: The study involved 17 patients with COVID-19, including two family clusters. We determined the full-genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 using the Illumina MiSeq next-generation sequencer. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using a dataset of 142 full-genomes of SARS-CoV-2 from different regions. RESULTS: Ninety-four SNPs were detected throughout the open reading frame (ORF) of SARS-CoV-2 samples with 58% (54/94) of the nucleic acid changes resulting in amino acid mutations. About 94% (16/17) of the virus samples showed D614G on spike protein and 56% of these (9/16) showed other various amino acid mutations on this protein, including L5F, V83L, V213A, W258R, Q677H, and N811I. The virus samples from family cluster-1 (n = 3) belong to the same clade GH, in which two were collected from deceased patients, and the other from the survived patient. All samples from this family cluster revealed a combination of spike protein mutations of D614G and V213A. Virus samples from family cluster-2 (n = 3) also belonged to the clade GH and showed other spike protein mutations of L5F alongside the D614G mutation. CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the first comprehensive report associating the full-genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 with the epidemiological data within family clusters. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the three viruses from family cluster-1 formed a monophyletic group, whereas viruses from family cluster-2 formed a polyphyletic group indicating there is the possibility of different sources of infection. This study highlights how the same spike protein mutations among members of the same family might show different disease outcomes.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , RNA Viral/genética , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Criança , Família , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Filogenia , RNA Viral/química , SARS-CoV-2/classificação , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 511, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074268

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Discontinuation of tuberculosis treatment (DTT) among children in sub-Saharan Africa is a major obstacle to effective tuberculosis (TB) control and has the potential to worsen the emergence of multi-drug resistant TB and death. DTT in children is understudied in Uganda. We examined the level and factors associated with DTT among children at four large health facilities in Kampala Capital City Authority and documented the reasons for DTT from treatment supporters and healthcare provider perspectives. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of records for children < 15 years diagnosed and treated for TB between January 2018 and December 2019. We held focus group discussions with treatment supporters and key informant interviews with healthcare providers. We defined DTT as the stoppage of TB treatment for 30 or more consecutive days. We used a stepwise generalized linear model to assess factors independently associated with DTT and content analysis for the qualitative data reported using sub-themes. RESULTS: Of 312 participants enrolled, 35 (11.2%) had discontinued TB treatment. The reasons for DTT included lack of privacy at healthcare facilities for children with TB and their treatment supporters, the disappearance of TB symptoms following treatment initiation, poor implementation of the community-based directly observed therapy short-course (CB-DOTS) strategy, insufficient funding to the TB program, and frequent stock-outs of TB drugs. DTT was more likely during the continuation phase of TB treatment compared to the intensive phase (Adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 5.22; 95% Confidence Interval (CI), 1.76-17.52) and when the treatment supporter was employed compared to when the treatment supporter was unemployed (aOR, 3.60; 95% CI, 1.34-11.38). CONCLUSION: Many children with TB discontinue TB treatment and this might exacerbate TB morbidity and mortality. To mitigate DTT, healthcare providers should ensure children with TB and their treatment supporters are accorded privacy during service provision and provide more information about TB symptom resolution and treatment duration versus the need to complete treatment. The district and national TB control programs should address gaps in funding to TB care, the supply of TB drugs, and the implementation of the CB-DOTS strategy.


Assuntos
Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Diretamente Observada , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Tuberculose/prevenção & controle , Uganda/epidemiologia
5.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e933369, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075014

RESUMO

In early 2020, at the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), rare cases were reported in children and adolescents of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). MIS-C is characterized by fever, systemic inflammation, and multiorgan dysfunction and usually presents late in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Since May 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recorded all reported cases of COVID-19 and MIS-C in children and adolescents in the USA. In April 2021, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) revised its clinical guidelines for diagnosing and managing hyperinflammation and MIS-C. There are several challenges ahead for preventing, diagnosing, and managing MIS-C, particularly following the rapid emergence of new strains of SARS-CoV-2. This Editorial aims to present an update on the current status of the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of MIS-C and includes some updates from population studies and clinical guidelines.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/terapia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/terapia , Adolescente , Teste para COVID-19 , Criança , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
6.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e045679, 2021 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083337

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Childhood cancers are a leading cause of non-communicable disease deaths for children around the world. The COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted on global children's cancer services, which can have consequences for childhood cancer outcomes. The Global Health Research Group on Children's Non-Communicable Diseases is currently undertaking the first international cohort study to determine the variation in paediatric cancer management during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the short-term to medium-term impacts on childhood cancer outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a multicentre, international cohort study that will use routinely collected hospital data in a deidentified and anonymised form. Patients will be recruited consecutively into the study, with a 12-month follow-up period. Patients will be included if they are below the age of 18 years and undergoing anticancer treatment for the following cancers: acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, Wilms tumour, sarcoma, retinoblastoma, gliomas, medulloblastomas and neuroblastomas. Patients must be newly presented or must be undergoing active anticancer treatment from 12 March 2020 to 12 December 2020. The primary objective of the study was to determine all-cause mortality rates of 30 days, 90 days and 12 months. This study will examine the factors that influenced these outcomes. χ2 analysis will be used to compare mortality between low-income and middle-income countries and high-income countries. Multilevel, multivariable logistic regression analysis will be undertaken to identify patient-level and hospital-level factors affecting outcomes with adjustment for confounding factors. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: At the host centre, this study was deemed to be exempt from ethical committee approval due to the use of anonymised registry data. At other centres, participating collaborators have gained local approvals in accordance with their institutional ethical regulations. Collaborators will be encouraged to present the results locally, nationally and internationally. The results will be submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Países Desenvolvidos , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
7.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e048772, 2021 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of COVID-19 pandemic social restriction measures on people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) and to explore how people adapted to these measures over time. DESIGN: Mixed-methods investigation comprising a national online longitudinal survey and embedded qualitative study. SETTING: UK online survey and interviews with community-dwelling individuals in the East of England. PARTICIPANTS: People in the UK with RMDs were invited to participate in an online survey. A subsection of respondents were invited to participate in the embedded qualitative study. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The online survey, completed fortnightly over 10 weeks from April 2020 to August 2020, investigated changes in symptoms, social isolation and loneliness, resilience and optimism. Qualitative interviews were undertaken assessing participant's perspectives on changes in symptoms, exercising, managing instrumental tasks such a shopping, medication and treatment regimens and how they experienced changes in their social networks. RESULTS: 703 people with RMDs completed the online survey. These people frequently reported a deterioration in symptoms as a result of COVID-19 pandemic social restrictions (52% reported increase vs 6% reported a decrease). This was significantly worse for those aged 18-60 years compared with older participants (p=0.017). The qualitative findings from 26 individuals with RMDs suggest that the greatest change in daily life was experienced by those in employment. Although some retired people reported reduced opportunity for exercise outside their homes, they did not face the many competing demands experienced by employed people and people with children at home. CONCLUSIONS: People with RMDs reported a deterioration in symptoms when COVID-19 pandemic social restriction measures were enforced. This was worse for working-aged people. Consideration of this at-risk group, specifically for the promotion of physical activity, changing home-working practices and awareness of healthcare provision is important, as social restrictions continue in the UK.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Criança , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 784: 147186, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088052

RESUMO

Assessments for groundwater quality and potential health risk are significant for better utilization and exploitation. In the present study, seventy groundwater samples were collected from domestic tube wells and public water-supply wells in the Nanchong area, southwestern China. The integration of statistical analysis, ion correlation, geomodelling analysis, entropy water quality index and health risks assessment were compiled in this study. Statistical analysis indicated the cations followed the concentration order as Ca2+ > Na+ > Mg2+ > K+, while anions' concentrations were HCO3- > SO42- > Cl- > NO3- > F- based on Box and Whisker plot. Piper triangle diagram proposed the hydrochemical type was characterized as Ca-HCO3. Correlations of ions and geomodelling revealed the concentrations of major ions were mainly determined by calcite dissolution and ion exchange process and NO3- concentrations were controlled by agriculture activities. Entropy water quality index computation demonstrated that 96% of groundwater samples possessed the EWQI values of 29-95, and thus were suitable for drinking purpose. The HITotal values for 66% groundwater samples exceeded the acceptable limit for non-carcinogenic risk (HI =1) for infants, followed by 41% for children, 37% for adult males, and 30% for adult females. The non-carcinogenic human health risk of different population groups followed the order of infants > children > adult males > adult females. In future, targeted measures for human health risks of NO3- will focus on the improvements for agricultural activities, including reducing the use of nitrogenous fertilizer, changing irrigation pattern, etc. Our study provides the vital knowledge for groundwater management in the Nanchong and development of the Cheng -Yu Economic Circle.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adulto , Criança , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Nitratos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Qualidade da Água
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 783: 146988, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088142

RESUMO

p-Dichlorobenzene (DCB) and naphthalene (NP) used as moth repellents in indoor environments are suspected to be carcinogenic. To evaluate their adverse effects on health with chronic exposure in the general population, especially children, we need to know their amounts absorbed by the body and the relationships between their amounts and air quality in residences. At present, little is known worldwide about them. This study examined the daily intakes of DCB and NP by Japanese children via all exposure pathways and the contribution of indoor air quality to the intakes. First-morning void urine samples from the subjects aged 6 to 15 years and air samples in their bedrooms were collected. Airborne NP and DCB and their urinary metabolites were measured. Significant correlations were detected between their airborne concentrations and the urinary excretion amounts of their corresponding metabolites. The absorption amounts of DCB and NP by inhalation of the children while at home were calculated to be 26 and 2.0 ng/kg b.w./h, respectively, as median values. The daily intake was estimated to be 2.4 and 0.90 µg/kg b.w./d (median), respectively. The fractions (median) of inhalation absorption amounts to overall absorption amounts for DCB and NP were 30% and 5%, respectively. In children living in residences where the indoor air concentrations of these compounds were more than half the level of each guideline value for indoor air quality, the main exposure route for their absorption was considered to be inhalation while at home. The indoor concentrations of DCB exceeded the lifetime excess cancer risk level of 10-4 in 22% of the residences and 10-3 in 9% of them. Our findings indicate the need to further reduce airborne concentrations of DCB in Japanese residences to prevent its adverse effects on the health of Japanese children.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Mariposas , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Animais , Criança , Clorobenzenos , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação , Japão , Naftalenos
10.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 517, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip rarely develops in the early second decade. As the incidence of this disease is low, no treatment method has been established. We report two patients with unilateral OA in their early teens in whom the anteversion angle of the femoral neck on the affected side was greater than that on the unaffected side. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1 was an 11-year-old girl with left coxalgia and limited range of motion. There was no history of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Plain X-rays revealed the disappearance of the Y cartilage, joint space narrowing of the left hip, and acetabular/femoral head osteosclerosis. In CT images, the anteversion angle of the femoral neck (lt/rt) was 45/35 degrees. As osteoarthritis was severe, proximal femoral flexional derotational varus osteotomy (PFFDVO) and triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO) were performed. Case 2 was a 13-year-old girl with left coxalgia and limited range of motion. There was no history of FAI or DDH. Plain X-ray revealed irregularity of the left anterolateral femoral head, and a subcartilaginous cyst. In CT images, the anteversion angle of the femoral neck (lt/rt) was 30/20 degrees. As osteoarthritis was severe, PFFDVO was performed. In addition, we resected bone spurs on the femoral head because flexion was limited owing to the presence of osteophytes. In both patients, coxalgia and claudication/gait disorder resolved postoperatively, and joint space narrowing and osteosclerosis improved. However, in Case 1, there was a 3-cm difference in the leg length, and in Case 2, range-of-motion limits remained. CONCLUSIONS: We present the findings in two patients with unilateral OA in their early second decade in whom the femoral anteversion angle on the affected side was greater than that on the unaffected side. PFFDVO + TPO was performed in Case 1, and PFFDVO + bone spur resection on the femoral head was performed in Case 2. Coxalgia resolved, and plain X-ray demonstrated improvements in OA; however, a difference in the leg length and range-of-motion limits remained.


Assuntos
Colo do Fêmur , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Acetábulo , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Colo do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo do Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Quadril/etiologia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 249, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The right posterior segment (RPS) graft was introduced to overcome graft size discrepancy in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). However, it was very rarely used in pediatric patients. Here we presented 4 pediatric LDLT cases receiving RPS graft between January 2015 and April 2020 in our center. A total of 1868 LDLT procedures were performed in this period. METHODS: Recipients included 1 boy and 3 girls with a median age of 45 months (range from 40 to 93 months). They were diagnosed with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis, propionic academia, ornithine transcarbamylase and biliary atresia, respectively. Four donors were all mothers with a median age of 32.5 years (31-38 years). Computer tomography angiography indicated posterior right branches branched off separately from main portal veins (type III variation). Three of these donor livers had 1 orifice of right hepatic veins (RHV). In the remaining 1 donor liver, the RHV showed 3 orifices and an outflow patch plastic was performed. Inferior right hepatic veins weren't found in four donor grafts. The median graft weight was 397.5 g (352-461 g) and the median graft-to-recipient weight ratio was 2.38% (1.44-2.80%). RESULTS: Postoperative complications occurred in neither donors nor recipients. Within the median follow-up duration of 29 months (14-64 months), four children are all alive with normal liver function. CONCLUSION: In summary, for older children weighed more than 15 kg with donors' variation of type III portal veins, the use of RPS grafts could be a feasible and favorable option.


Assuntos
Atresia Biliar , Transplante de Fígado , Adolescente , Adulto , Atresia Biliar/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Veias Hepáticas , Humanos , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Veia Porta/cirurgia
12.
Front Public Health ; 9: 629236, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34095049

RESUMO

Background: Little is known about the long-term mental health (MH) impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on health care workers (HCWs). However, synthesizing knowledge from past pandemics can help to anticipate this, along with identifying interventions required, when, and target populations most in need. This paper provides a balanced evaluation of what is currently known about short- and long-term MH impacts of pandemics on HCWs and effect of methodological limitations on knowledge claims. Method: A rapid evidence assessment (REA) was conducted on 41 studies published in the past two decades that examined MH outcomes for HCWs in relation to pandemics. Results: Findings of literary synthesis highlight common MH outcomes across pandemics, including increased stress, distress, burnout, and anxiety in the short-term, and post-traumatic stress and depression in the long-term. Findings also show the key role that organizations and public health bodies play in promoting adaptive coping and reducing health worries and the emotional and psychological distress caused by this. Evidence highlights particular groups at risk of developing MH issues (contact with patients that are infected, having children), and time points where risk may increase (initial response phase, when quarantined). However, inconsistencies in measures, analysis, and reporting all create limitations for pooling data. Conclusions: Findings can be used by researchers to provide a knowledge framework to inform future research that will assist HCWs in responding to pandemics, and by policy makers and service planners to provide an evidence-led brief about direction and evidence base for related policy initiatives, interventions or service programmes.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Criança , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Front Public Health ; 9: 659797, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34095063

RESUMO

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in China is essentially under control. Under global scrutiny, China has started reviving the social, cultural, and working lives of its inhabitants. However, localized outbreaks of COVID-19 are occurring, indicating that the country still needs to follow disease prevention and control measures. Previous studies have assessed the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of the general public in China regarding COVID-19 during the pandemic. However, little is known about knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of Chinese residents regarding COVID-19 after periods of lockdown. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the KAP and other factors among the residents of Shaanxi Province during the post-lockdown period. Methods: A cross-sectional, network questionnaire survey was conducted in Shaanxi Province from October 1-30, 2020. A total of 1,175 urban residents were interviewed via Wen Juan Xing, an online questionnaire tool. A self-developed online KAP COVID-19 questionnaire was developed in this study. The questionnaire consisted of four parts: general information, knowledge, attitude, and practice. Descriptive statistics and binomial logistic regression analysis were used in the statistical analysis. Results: The majority of the participants were knowledgeable about COVID-19. They had optimistic attitudes and behaved appropriately toward COVID-19. Education was an associated factor for the knowledge of residents and the knowledge of COVID-19 was high among people with high academic qualifications. Attitudes were more positive in residents who lived with elderly people, women, and children. The score of practice was higher in residents with positive attitudes and high academic qualifications. There was a positive correlation between age and practice. Conclusion: We found that the KAP of residents in Shaanxi was at a relatively high level during the post-lockdown period. Although the lockdown was lifted, the epidemic is not over. Thus, it is necessary to develop targeted health education programs for residents with different demographic characteristics in Shaanxi.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Idoso , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , População Urbana
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(6): 561-564, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a child suspected for Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson syndrome. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents. Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the proband. Suspected variants were validated by Sanger sequencing. The impact of the variants was predicted by bioinformatic analysis. RESULTS: The child was found to harbor a de novo missense variant c.2623C>T (p.Asp875Tyr) in exon 13 of the KAT6B gene. The variant was previously unreported, and was not recorded in the major allele frequency database and predicted to be pathogenic based on PolyPhen-2, MutationTaster and PROVEAN analysis. As predicted by UCSF chimera and CASTp software, the variant can severely impact the substrate-binding pocket of histone acetyltransferase, resulting in loss of its enzymatic activity. Based on standards and guidelines by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was classified to be likely pathogenic (PS2+PM2+PP3). CONCLUSION: The child's condition may be attributed to the de novo missense c.2623C>T (p.Asp875Tyr) variant of the KAT6B gene.


Assuntos
Blefarofimose , Criança , Hipotireoidismo Congênito , Facies , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Histona Acetiltransferases/genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual , Instabilidade Articular , Mutação , Fenótipo
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(6): 565-568, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a child featuring global developmental delay. METHODS: DNA was extracted from peripheral blood sample taken from the patient and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of his family members. RESULTS: A heterozygous c.239T>C (p.Ile80Thr) variant of the GNB1 gene was detected in the proband, which was a verified to be de novo in origin. CONCLUSION: The heterozygous c.239T>C (p.Ile80Thr) variant of the GNB1 gene probably underlay the disease in this child.


Assuntos
Artrogripose , Subunidades beta da Proteína de Ligação ao GTP , Deficiência Intelectual , Criança , Família , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(6): 581-584, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To delineate the nature and origin of a chromosomal aberration detected in a boy with mental retardation. METHODS: The proband and his parents were subjected to routine G-banded chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis. RESULTS: The karyotype of the proband was determined as 46, XX, add(8)(p23). No karyotypic abnormality was detected in either of his parents. SNP-array has identified a 34.9 Mb duplication at 8p23.1q11.1 and a 6.78 Mb microdeletion at 8p23.1pter in the proband. No copy number variation was detected in either parent. CONCLUSION: The child was diagnosed with 8p inverted duplication deletion syndrome, which might be induced by non-allelic homologous recombination between olfactory genes in the 8p23.1 region.


Assuntos
Testes Genéticos , Criança , Bandeamento Cromossômico , Análise Citogenética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Masculino
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(21): 1560-1565, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098682

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the occurrence of rod fracture after surgery for lumbosacral deformity associated sacral agenesis and discuss the relevant salvage methods. Methods: The clinical records of 19 patients who underwent surgical treatment for lumbosacral deformity associated sacral agenesis from January 2001 to January 2018 were retrospectively reviewed, including 11 boys and 8 girls. The average age was (9.6±5.2) years. The outcomes of surgical correction and internal fixation were evaluated by postoperative regular follow-up. We also recorded the time and position of rod fracture occurrence. The Cobb angle, coronal balance and sagittal balance were measured and compared to analyze the corresponding salvage methods and revision outcomes. Results: Three patients encountered rod fracture during follow-up, so the incidence of rod fracture after surgery for lumbosacral deformity associated sacral agenesis was 15.8%(3/19). Based on their own conditions, we formulated the individualized strategy and performed the revision surgery through the posterior-only approach. The most critical step was abundant bone-grafting and fusion in the defected sacroiliac joint. After revision, the scoliotic Cobb angle improved in two patients (91.5° vs 47.5°, 49.0° vs 28.0°) and coronal balance improved in one patient (40.3 mm vs 24.3 mm). No complication reoccurred during follow-up. Conclusion: The rod fracture after surgery for lumbosacral deformity associated sacral agenesis is quite common, which is probably correlated with its unique deformed structure and biomechanical characteristics. The individualized salvage methods and adequate bone-grafting and fusion for the defected sacroiliac joint will guarantee the reconstruction and maintenance of spine balance after revision.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Meningocele , Fusão Vertebral , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Região Sacrococcígea/anormalidades
18.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(6): 454-457, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098695

RESUMO

The proband was a 5-year-old boy with binocular esotropia since childhood. Ocular examination showed the binocular optic cup was wide and deep excavated with radial emergence of the retinal vessels and retinal detachment was seen in the left eye. The father of the proband with worse vision of the right eye from a child and received a kidney transplant 10 years ago. Ocular examination showed large optic nerves with large optic cups of the right eye accompanied by retinal detachment in macular area. The left eye showed normal size of the optic disc and etinoschisis. Both nerves had anomalous vascular patterns. The sister of the proband showed binocular wide and deep optic cups, and the vascular course was normal. Renal color Doppler ultrasound and urine routine examination showed that the proband and his sister had bilateral renal calcification, pyelic separation and mild proteinuria. The results of gene detection showed heterozygous mutation (c.419_421delGGA) of the PAX2 gene in this family. Combined with the above examination results, the diagnosis was renal coloboma syndrome. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 454-457).


Assuntos
Coloboma , Insuficiência Renal , Refluxo Vesicoureteral , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Coloboma/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Fator de Transcrição PAX2 , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/genética
19.
J Int Med Res ; 49(6): 3000605211021037, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098781

RESUMO

A 7-year 10-month-old boy was evaluated for mouth breathing and snoring habits. Examination revealed soft convex tissues, maxillary protrusion, mandibular retrusion, and a class II sagittal osteofascial pattern. The patient failed a water holding test. He was clinically diagnosed with skeletal class II malocclusion caused by mouth breathing. Under interceptive guidance of occlusion (iGo), the malocclusion improved with fixed maxillary expansion using functional appliances and interventional treatment of mouth breathing by lip closure exercises. These treatments enabled the patient to gradually return to nasal breathing and guided him to develop physiological occlusion for a coordinated jaw-to-jaw relation. At the 5-year 2-month post-correction follow-up visit (at the age of 13 years), the patient had stable occlusion, a coordinated osteofascial pattern, and normal dentition, periodontium, and temporomandibular joints.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Cefalometria , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Respiração Bucal/etiologia
20.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 42(320): 12-15, 2021.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099230

RESUMO

The management of type 1 diabetes in paediatrics has evolved considerably over the last 20 years, mainly through the use of new technologies. The challenge of managing this disease is to achieve good glycaemic control in order to prevent complications while maintaining a good quality of life. What are the current and future means of achieving this?


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Adolescente , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Criança , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes , Insulina , Sistemas de Infusão de Insulina , Qualidade de Vida
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