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1.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190075, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1101973

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the dialogical educative process as a strategy to prepare the relatives of children with special health needs in the transition from hospital to home. Method: qualitative study developed from the Creative Sensitive Method, carried out between February and June 2018 at the Inpatient Unit of a public hospital located in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Family caregivers of nine children with special health needs in transition from hospital to home were included in the study, totaling nine participants. The empirical material was evaluated through the analysis of the French discourse. Results: the educative process allowed the relatives to unveil demands for technological and medicative care, modified habitual elements, clinically complex care and social demands to be worked on by the nurse in the transition from hospital to home. From the analysis, the following category emerged: The educative process as a strategy to prepare the relatives of children with special health needs in the transition from hospital to home. The dialogue was produced, however, without exhausting the I-You relationship, maintaining the dialogicity in the group and encouraging the exchange between the different realities of the relatives. Conclusion: the educative dialogic process is an adequate strategy to prepare the relatives of children with special health needs in the hospital-home transition, where the nurses act as coordinators, suggesting a minimum program-related content.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el proceso educativo dialógico como estrategia de preparación de los familiares de niños con necesidades especiales en la transición del hospital a la casa. Método: estudio cualitativo desarrollado a partir del Método Creativo Sensible, realizado entre febrero y junio de 2018 en la Unidad de Pacientes Internados de un hospital público situado en la ciudad de Rio de Janeiro. El estudio se realizó con familiares cuidadores de nueve niños con necesidades especiales en transición del hospital hacia la casa, compuesto por el total de 9 participantes. El material empírico se evaluó por medio del análisis de discurso francés. Resultados: el proceso educativo permitió que los familiares develaran demandas de cuidados, tecnológicas y medicamentosas, cuidados habituales modificados, cuidados clínicamente complejos y demandas sociales que deben ser trabajadas por el enfermero en la transición del hospital hacia la casa. Del análisis, emergió la categoría: el proceso educativo como estrategia de preparación de los familiares de niños con necesidades especiales en la transición del hospital a la casa. El diálogo se produjo, sin embargo, sin agotar la relación yo-tu, manteniendo el carácter dialógico en el grupo e incentivando el intercambio entre las diferentes realidades de los familiares. Conclusión: el proceso educativo dialógico es una estrategia adecuada para preparar los familiares de niños con necesidades especiales de salud en la transición hospital-casa, en el cual los enfermeros actúan como coordinadores, sugiriendo un contenido programático mínimo.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o processo educativo dialógico como estratégia de preparo dos familiares de crianças com necessidades especiais de saúde na transição do hospital para casa. Método: estudo qualitativo desenvolvido a partir do Método Criativo Sensível, realizado entre fevereiro e junho de 2018 na Unidade de Pacientes Internos de um hospital público localizado na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Familiares cuidadores de nove crianças com necessidades especiais de saúde em transição do hospital para casa integraram o estudo, totalizando nove participantes. O material empírico foi avaliado por meio da análise do discurso francesa. Resultados: o processo educativo permitiu que os familiares desvelassem demandas de cuidados tecnológicas e medicamentosas, habituais modificados, cuidados clinicamente complexos e demandas sociais a serem trabalhados pelo enfermeiro na transição do hospital para a casa. Da análise, emergiu a categoria: o processo educativo como estratégia de preparo dos familiares de crianças com necessidades especiais de saúde na transição do hospital para casa. O diálogo foi produzido, porém, sem esgotar a relação eu-tu, mantendo a dialogicidade no grupo e incentivando o intercâmbio entre as diferentes realidades dos familiares. Conclusão: o processo educativo dialógico é uma estratégia adequada para preparar os familiares de crianças com necessidades especiais de saúde na transição hospital-casa, no qual os enfermeiros atuam como coordenadores, sugerindo um conteúdo programático mínimo.


Assuntos
Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Doença Crônica , Crianças com Deficiência , Família , Saúde Pública , Educação em Saúde , Cuidadores
2.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(7): 625-642, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146086

RESUMO

Parental Resolution of the Child's Disability Diagnosis in the Reaction to Diagnosis Interview (RDI) and Effects on the Play Interaction with the Child Examining 37 qualitative interviews with mothers and fathers of a child with intellectual disability it was observed that the emotions and traumatic experiences, associated with the child's diagnosis, still burden the relationship with the child even after several years, so that many affected cannot come to resolution. On the other hand, resolution of the diagnosis was indicated for 65 % of the parents, enabling them to reclaim lost space for building a relationship with their child. While these parents significantly more often report purposeless and responsive play interaction with their children, non-resolved parents still seem to be driven to counteract the disability by playing educational games or playing games, which promote the development. In a parallel music therapeutic study, the effects of parental resolution also are monitored in children's free play interaction: Children of resolved parents interact more often in a dialogic relationship, whereas children of non-resolved parents are less able to balance dyadic turn-taking and interaction control in free music play.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Jogos e Brinquedos/psicologia , Criança , Emoções , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães/psicologia
3.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 10(1): 3550, out. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1128680

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar como se configura a articulação entre profissionais da educação, da saúde e familiares no processo de inclusão escolar. Método: Estudo qualitativo interpretativo, orientado pelo referencial de Boaventura de Sousa Santos que contou a com participação de 43 entrevistados. As entrevistas guiadas por roteiro semi estruturado foram submetidas à análise de conteúdo. Resultados: A análise permitiu identificar três categorias: a família no contexto da inclusão escolar e a relação com a escola; a atenção à criança no Sistema Único de Saúde na perspectiva dos profissionais da educação e a desarticulação entre profissionais da educação e da saúde. Conclusão: Há ausência de interação entre a enfermagem e outros profissionais de saúde com a educação.Na perspectiva dos profissionais da educação e dos cuidadores, as dificuldades relacionadas aos atendimentos de saúde no SUS, como a demora dos procedimentos e a falta de especialistas, constituem-se em desafios para o processo de inclusão, considerando que conhecer a condição da criança é um aspecto que favorece adaptações ao seu processo de aprendizagem. Os profissionais reconhecem que, no cenário de investigação, a articulação entre profissionais da educação e da saúde poderia contribuir,consideravelmente, para o aprendizado infantil. Entretanto este estudo ressalta a importância da atuação do enfermeiro no cenário da inclusão escolar com equipe multidisciplinar


Objective: To analyze how the articulation between education and health professionals and family in the process of school inclusion is configured. Method: Qualitative interpretive study in which 43 participants were interviewed. The interviews guided by a semi-structured script were submitted to content analysis. Results: The analysis revealed three dimensions: Attention to the child in the Unified Health System from the perspective of the education professionals, the disarticulation between education and health professionals and the family in the context of school inclusion and the relationship with the school. Conclusion: There is no interaction between health professionals and education. From the perspective of education professionals and caregivers, the difficulties related to health care, such as delayed procedures and the lack of specialists, contribute to children's learning process.Moreover, nursing, as a science of care, is an important part in the scenario of school inclusion aiming at acting on disease prevention and health promotion.


Objetivo: Analizar cómo se configura la articulación entre profesionales de la educación, de la salud y familiares, en el proceso de inclusión escolar. Método: Estudio cualitativo interpretativo en el que se entrevistó a 43 participantes. Las entrevistas conducidas por un guion semiestructurado se sometieron a un análisis de contenido. Resultados: El análisis reveló tres dimensiones: La atención al niño en el Sistema Único de Salud en la perspectiva de los profesionales de la educación, la desarticulación entre profesionales de la educación y de la salud y la familia en el contexto de la inclusión escolar y la relación con la escuela. Conclusión: Hay ausencia de interacción entre los profesionales de salud y educación. En la perspectiva de los profesionales de la educación y de los cuidadores las dificultades relacionadas a las atenciones de salud como la demora de los procedimientos y falta de especialistas contribuyen a niños sin diagnósticos o realizados tardíamente. Además, la enfermería, como ciencia de la atención, es una pieza importante en el escenario de inclusión escolar, con el objetivo de actuar en la prevención de enfermedades y la promoción de la salud


Assuntos
Inclusão Escolar , Enfermagem , Crianças com Deficiência , Educação Especial
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21651, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Teaching has been found to be 1 of the most stressful occupations worldwide. Stress associated with teaching is more critical among teachers teaching children with special needs in general and those with autism specifically, partly due to the heterogeneous nature of the disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Rational Emotive Occupational Health Coaching (REOHC) in minimizing job stress in teachers of children with autism (CWA). METHODS: A group-randomized waitlist control-trial design was adopted. A sample of 87 teachers of CWA who participated in the study was randomized into the immediate intervention group (IIG) and waitlist group (WLG). Participants were evaluated on 3 occasions: pretest, post-test and follow-up. Three instruments (Occupational Stress Index, Perceived Occupational Stress Scale and Stress Symptom Scale) were used to measure dimensions of job stress. After the pretest exercise, the IIG participated in a 2-hour REOHC programme weekly for a period of 12 weeks. Post- and follow-up evaluations were conducted respectively at 2 weeks and 3 months after the REOHC programme. Those in WLG were exposed to the REOHC after the follow-up assessment. Data collected were analysed using t-test statistics, repeated measures analysis of variance and bar charts. RESULTS: Results revealed that the perceived stress and stress symptoms of the REOHC group reduced significantly over WLG at post-test, and follow-up assessments. Changes in the occupational stress index scores across pre-, post- and follow-up measurements were minimal and could not account for a significant difference between the IIG and WLG. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that REOHC is effective in reducing subjective feelings and physiological symptoms of job stress, even when the objective stressors remain constant among teachers of CWA and other employees who work in stressful occupational environments.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Adulto , Transtorno Autístico/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Crianças com Deficiência/educação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Rev Prat ; 70(2): 222-226, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877146

RESUMO

Disabled child, care and ethical aspects. The child's doctor occupies a privileged place in the life of a child with a disability. At all times, he must be an adviser, favouring a global approach and support to ensure optimal autonomy. Discovery of a neurodevelopmental disorder justifies a systematic search for the various causes known to date. Identification and knowledge of a precise diagnosis is an essential element in constructing the life plan for a disabled child. The announcement of the diagnosis is an integral part of the care system, it only makes sense when combined with tailor-made and step by step support. This requires that the doctor has a good knowledge of the main childcare structures, guidance agencies, and available financial aid. Multidisciplinary consultations enable a global approach to support a child with a disability. More children with disabilities become adults as medical care progresses. Transition from "children" to "adult" consultations represents a major challenge. However, some cases could be life-threatening. The decision on whether to continue the various therapies have to be considered and discussed with the child and his family, with reference to the notion of "unreasonable obstinacy". Drafting an individual certificate of "remarkable patient" will best help the implementation of end-of-life support measures.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência , Ética Médica , Adulto , Criança , Família , Humanos , Masculino , Encaminhamento e Consulta
6.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(3): 486-493, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769288

RESUMO

Background: Disabled population accounts for 2.86 Crore of total Indian population. Among these 27.4% of population consists of children within age group of age 0 to 19 years. Studies have shown oral health status of children with special needs is lower than children without special needs. Though there are various attributing factors, access to dental care delivery and difficulties faced during dental treatment delivery are of major concern. Therefore the aim of this systematic review was set to assess the barriers faced by children with special needs during utilization of dental services; through caregiver's perception. Materials and Methods: For this review MEDLINE, EBSCO, COCHRANE, EMBASE and Google Scholar were the electronic data bases searched based on the PICO. PRISMA guidelines were followed for final inclusion of articles. Results: The search generated a total of 259 articles from five different electronic bases: PUBMED, EMBASE, EBSCO, COCHRANE and GOOGLE SCHOLAR. Based on inclusion criteria, 7 articles made it to final analysis. All the 7 studies reported that dentist were unwilling to treat children with special needs as a major barrier followed by fear towards dentist by the children with special needs. Conclusion: The cross sectional studies of this review were assessed for quality using a modified Newcastle Ottawa Scale, proposed by Egger et al. in 2003. Even though the available literature forms a lower standard of evidence, further evaluation of barriers are recommended using better designed studies to substantiate the in equal access to healthcare facilities by these marginalized population.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Crianças com Deficiência , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Adulto Jovem
7.
Pediatrics ; 146(Suppl 1): S3-S8, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737225

RESUMO

One of the earliest controversies in the modern history of bioethics was known at the time as "the Hopkins Mongol case," involving an infant with Trisomy 21 and duodenal atresia whose parents declined to consent to surgery. Fluids and feeding were withheld, and the infant died of dehydration after 15 days. The child's short life had a profound impact on the author's career and that of several others and ultimately led to changes in the care of children and adults with disabilities and the way difficult end-of-life decisions are made in US hospitals today. It also contributed to the growth of the modern bioethics movement and scholarship focused on pediatric bioethics issues.


Assuntos
Temas Bioéticos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/ética , Síndrome de Down/terapia , Pediatria/ética , Suspensão de Tratamento/ética , Comitês Consultivos/ética , Temas Bioéticos/história , Temas Bioéticos/legislação & jurisprudência , Crianças com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência , Síndrome de Down/história , Atresia Esofágica/história , Atresia Esofágica/terapia , Fundações , História do Século XX , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Consentimento dos Pais/ética , Consentimento dos Pais/legislação & jurisprudência , Pais , Pediatria/legislação & jurisprudência , Assistência Terminal/ética , Suspensão de Tratamento/legislação & jurisprudência
9.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827368

RESUMO

The disability is one of the main indices of public health, along with medical and demographic characteristics, morbidity and physical development that characterizes level of social economic development and is a major problem of health and social care authorities. The availability of statistical data and analysis of problem of population disability will allow to properly plan activities of various administrative bodies. The article presents trends of persistent disability in the Russian Federation during the studied period. In recent years, total number of disabled people has been gradually decreasing. In Russia, most of disabled people have disability group II. At the same time, the percentage of persons with group III increases and proportion of disabled persons with the groups I and II gradually decreases. The children disability in Russia tends to increase. In the Russian Federation, the analysis of regional differences in disability is presented. The analysis and assessment of regional characteristics of disability are necessary for planning and forecasting measures of medical and social support of persons with disability. The analysis of available statistical data permitted to established interdepartmental dissociation on this issue. The results of the study permitted to conclude that the need of increasing attention to the problem of disability results in strengthening interdepartmental interactions and developing of unified register of disabled people.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência , Pessoas com Deficiência , Criança , Humanos , Morbidade , Saúde Pública , Federação Russa
10.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 22(2): 30-41, mayo.-ago. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124833

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: Hacer frente al diagnóstico de discapacidad de un niño puede causar una situación de vulnerabilidad emocional familiar que requiere tiempo y depende de estrategias de ayuda externa e interna y del contexto familiar. Objetivo: Analizar el enfrentamiento de las madres después del diagnóstico de discapacidad del niño. Metodología: Estudio transversal, exploratorio y cualitativo. Veinte madres de niños con discapacidades neurológicas se inscribieron en la clínica ambulatoria de la universidad en un municipio de Minas Gerais. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas sobre el proceso de enfrentamento y el análisis de contenido temático de la información. Resultados: Los informes destacaron la frustración, la culpa y la responsabilidad materna, agravados por las dificultades de adaptación a las limitaciones físicas de los niños, por la falta de apoyo y preparación técnica de los servicios y profesionales de la salud. Sin embargo, el apoyo familiar y la espiritualidad promovieron la aceptación, el apoyo y el aliento. Además de la capacitación técnica, las creencias religiosas maternas trajeron nuevas perspectivas a la atención. Conclusión: Es necesario promover una red de relaciones entre madres y miembros de la familia en la misma situación, a fin de garantizar un desarrollo infantil saludable e inclusivo, especialmente cuando los servicios y las políticas públicas son insuficientes.


ABSTRACT Background: To face the diagnosis of the disability of a child can cause a situation of family emotional vulnerability that requires time and depends on external and internal help strategies and the family context. Objective: To analyze the behavior of mothers after the diagnosis of the disability of the child. Methodology: Cross-sectional, exploratory and qualitative study. Twenty mothers of children with neurological disabilities were enrolled in the university outpatient clinic in a municipality of Minas Gerais. Semi-structured interviews were carried out on the confrontation process and the analysis of thematic content of the information. Results: The reports highlighted maternal frustration, guilt and responsibility, aggravated by difficulties in adapting to the physical limitations of children, by the lack of support and technical preparation of health services and professionals. However, family support and spirituality promoted acceptance, support, and encouragement. In addition to technical training, maternal religious beliefs brought new perspectives to attention. Conclusion: It is necessary to promote a network of relationships between mothers and family members in the same situation, in order to guarantee healthy and inclusive child development, especially when services and public policies are insufficient.


Assuntos
Apoio Social , Crianças com Deficiência , Vulnerabilidade em Saúde , Adaptação Psicológica
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): e384-e391, agosto 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118509

RESUMO

Introducción. El abordaje del desarrollo en la primera infancia (DPI) y las dificultades del desarrollo (DD) en los países de ingresos bajos o medios (PIBM) requiere de programas aplicables y sostenibles. Se evaluó el programa de capacitación para las unidades de pediatría del desarrollo (UPD) en los centros de referencia tras siete años. Población y métodos. Diseño transversal con métodos cualicuantitativos para evaluar los servicios, la capacitación, la investigación y la promoción de las UPD. Resultados. Se mantuvieron los servicios clínicos, la capacitación, investigación y promoción. En total, 23710 niños fueron derivados. La motivación y resistencia del personal, el respaldo de los administradores y la satisfacción del paciente facilitaron el programa, aunque la invisibilidad dentro del sistema de salud fue un obstáculo. Conclusiones. En Turquía, y posiblemente otros PIBM, el programa de capacitación para las UPD es aplicable y sostenible si se abordan los obstáculos del sistema de salud.


Introduction. Addressing early childhood development (ECD) and developmental difficulties (DDs) in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) requires applicable and sustainable programs. Seven years after its implementation in 2010, we evaluated the Developmental Pediatrics Unit (DPU) Training Program in pediatric referral centers in Turkey. Population and methods. We applied crosssectional design and quantitative/qualitative methods to assess services, training, research and advocacy of the DPUs. Results. Five of six established DPUs sustained clinical services, training, research, and advocacy. A total of 23,710 children (9085 new cases in 2017) had been referred mainly for perinatal risks and chronic illness, all centers contributed with similar proportions of children. Staff motivation and endurance, hospital administrator support, and client satisfaction facilitated the program; whereas invisibility within the performance based healthcare system was a barrier. Conclusions. In Turkey and possibly other LMICs, the DPU Training Program is applicable and sustainable if health system barriers are addressed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pediatria , Pobreza , Turquia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Crianças com Deficiência , Educação , Tutoria
16.
Wiad Lek ; 73(6): 1261-1263, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723965

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To study and analyze indicators of the number of persons with special needs living in Transcarpathian region of Ukraine: disabled persons, orphans and children deprived of parental care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: National statistical reports on the disability of the population, the number of orphans and children deprived of parental care for the period 2010-2019. Statistical method was applied in the course of study. RESULTS: Results: Analysis of the dynamics of the number of persons with special needs in Transcarpathian region for the period 2010-2019 showed an increase of the number of disabled persons by 27% with 75415 persons, 6826 disabled children, 2125 orphans and children deprived of parental care. The number of orphans and children deprived of parental care residing in the region have a tendency to reduce and in the year 2019 equals to 2125 orphans and children deprived of parental care.This requires improving of the system of social and medical care for persons with special needs for adults with the formation of a system of provision of services in accordance with the actual needs of the population with the maximum approximation of the service to the place of residence of the client with the maximum use of opportunities of the united territorial communities. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The growth of the number of persons with special needs in Transcarpathian region and directly of the persons with disabilities with the tendency to reduce the number of orphans and children deprived of parental care is established.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Ucrânia
17.
Wiad Lek ; 73(6): 1296-1298, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723972

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: analyze the morbidity and causes of disability among children of Poltava. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: medical and statistical - for the collection, processing and analysis of data (descriptive and analytical statistics to determine relative indicators, absolute growth indicators), a systems approach and system analysis. The work uses materials from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, as well as data from children's hospitals of Poltava. RESULTS: Review: In recent decades, the morbidity and prevalence of diseases of children`s of Ukraine remained as high. In the Poltava region, the basis of medical work on the sector includes the principles of early access to medical care, early diagnosis, timely examination and adequate treatment. Оver the past five years, there is a decrease in the number of newborns who visited outpatient hospitals. In the structure of causes of childhood disability over the past 5 years, the first three places are occupied by congenital malformations, diseases of the nervous system and diseases of the endocrine system. Moreover, children's disability from diseases of the nervous and endocrine systems is constantly growing. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: One way to improve the health care system for children is to optimize it. It is aimed at improving preventive work, preserving and restoring the health of the child population, improving and updating medical institutions, and increasing the level of professionalism of medical workers.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Crianças com Deficiência , Criança , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Morbidade , Prevalência , Ucrânia
18.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235439, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614867

RESUMO

While access to support for individuals with disabilities has attracted international attention, children with disabilities and their families continue to face a range of barriers that limit their timely access to the needed support, including health service. This is even worse for children with disabilities living in resource poor settings like Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which families of children with disabilities have knowledge about and access to government support for their children with disabilities in Bangladesh. We employed a cross-sectional study among 393 families of children with disabilities who sought services from the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed for their children with disabilities in Bangladesh. We used chi-square test to measure the association between categorical variables and, Mann-Whitney U-test to compare mean across different sub-groups. Overall, family members of children with disabilities have limited knowledge about and access to government support. We found a significant association between knowledge and access to government support (p<0.001). Family members with children with disabilities aged younger than six years had less access to government support (p<0.001). We thus concluded with an urgent call on government agencies and service providers to provide relevant and timely information to families of children with disabilities to enable them to access the needed support.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Crianças com Deficiência/reabilitação , Programas Governamentais , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde para Pessoas com Deficiência , Adulto , Bangladesh , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Assistência Individualizada de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Apoio ao Desenvolvimento de Recursos Humanos
20.
J Evid Based Soc Work (2019) ; 17(5): 593-610, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615061

RESUMO

This paper explores the role of evidence and its use in a cluster of Australian community-based child development programs. The paper draws on findings from a 2016-2017 study commissioned by a not-for-profit organization to review their programs' alignment with government evidence-based program expectations. Cunningham and Duffee's (2009) evidence-based practice style typology is utilized to examine how different purposes of use drive styles of and approaches to evidence sourcing, application, and reporting. Perspectives on what constitutes evidence and how such evidence is valued, used, and reported can vary considerably between individual programs, irrespective of enforced standards and expectations. It is argued that a single-dimensional approach to program evidence-based evaluation and reporting is not appropriate and potentially damaging in contexts where community-based programs have different purposes, structures, cultures, and intentions. Given a program's particular evidence-use style, evidence-based criteria, processes, and reporting requirements should be matched accordingly.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Clínicas de Orientação Infantil/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/organização & administração , Crianças com Deficiência/educação , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Serviço Social/organização & administração , Adolescente , Austrália , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
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