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1.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0240921, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147246

RESUMO

The current study aimed to understand psychosocial and economic impacts of female caregivers and families caring for children with a disability in Belu district, Indonesia. A qualitative inquiry employing one-on-one in-depth interviews was used to collect data from participants (n = 22). Data analysis was guided by a framework analysis for qualitative research. Social implications framework and the economic consequence of disease and injury framework were used to guide the conceptualisation, analysis and discussion of the findings. Findings indicated that female caregivers of children with a disability experienced significant psychosocial challenges. These included feeling frustrated, sad, angry, worried, inferior and insecure due to rejection of their children by other kids with no disability. Poor physical conditions of and negative labelling given to their children and the fear of what the future held for their children with a disability added yet another layer of psychosocial challenges experienced by these women. Separation or divorce and reduced social interaction and engagement in the community were expressed social impact loaded to these women resulting from poor acceptability of the children by their fathers, increased time spent caring and discriminatory and stigmatising attitudes against their children with a disability. The participants also experienced economic impacts, such as increased health and transport expenses, loss of jobs and productivity, and lack of savings. The findings indicate the need for programs and interventions addressing the needs of mothers or female caregivers and families with disabled children. Further studies with large number of participants covering mothers, fathers and caregivers to understand broader experiences and the need of caring for children with a disability are recommended.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/reabilitação , Mães/psicologia , Estereotipagem , Estresse Psicológico/economia , Adulto , Cuidadores/economia , Criança , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Eficiência , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Desemprego/psicologia
2.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(7): 625-642, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146086

RESUMO

Parental Resolution of the Child's Disability Diagnosis in the Reaction to Diagnosis Interview (RDI) and Effects on the Play Interaction with the Child Examining 37 qualitative interviews with mothers and fathers of a child with intellectual disability it was observed that the emotions and traumatic experiences, associated with the child's diagnosis, still burden the relationship with the child even after several years, so that many affected cannot come to resolution. On the other hand, resolution of the diagnosis was indicated for 65 % of the parents, enabling them to reclaim lost space for building a relationship with their child. While these parents significantly more often report purposeless and responsive play interaction with their children, non-resolved parents still seem to be driven to counteract the disability by playing educational games or playing games, which promote the development. In a parallel music therapeutic study, the effects of parental resolution also are monitored in children's free play interaction: Children of resolved parents interact more often in a dialogic relationship, whereas children of non-resolved parents are less able to balance dyadic turn-taking and interaction control in free music play.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Jogos e Brinquedos/psicologia , Criança , Emoções , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães/psicologia
4.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(5): 177-185, 1 sept., 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195468

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: El Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) es un instrumento diseñado para evaluar los cambios en la función motora gruesa producidos a lo largo del tiempo en niños con parálisis cerebral. Se trata de un instrumento de observación válido, fiable y sensible, ampliamente utilizado tanto en investigación como en la práctica clínica. OBJETIVO: Realizar la traducción y adaptación transcultural a la población española de la herramienta de evaluación GMFM. SUJETOS Y MÉTODOS: Se utilizó la metodología de traducción directa e inversa, sometiendo las versiones resultantes a un análisis cualitativo de la equivalencia. Se tradujeron tanto la hoja de puntuación como las instrucciones mediante estrategias de omisión, incorporación, sustitución de palabras o aportación de ejemplos. Además, se valoraron la comprensibilidad, la aplicabilidad y la viabilidad mediante un estudio piloto en el que participaron evaluadores y sujetos con un perfil heterogéneo. RESULTADOS: Los ítems que generaron más dificultad fueron los que incluían términos clínicos o expresiones cuyo uso no se considera natural o equivalente en la lengua española. Aunque el 57% y 58% de los ítems de la traducción directa e inversa, respectivamente, fueron calificados como «parcialmente equivalentes», no fue necesaria ninguna corrección porque las modificaciones realizadas provenían de la adaptación cultural y lingüística de los ítems a la población española. CONCLUSIONES: La versión española mantiene el máximo grado de equivalencia con respecto a la versión original en inglés y se garantiza la comprensibilidad por parte de todos los profesionales independientemente de su experiencia profesional o procedencia geográfica


INTRODUCTION: The Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) is a measure designed to assess changes in gross motor function over time in children with cerebral palsy. It is an observation instrument, valid, reliable and responsive, widely used both in research and in clinical practice. AIM: To perform the translation and cross-cultural adaptation to the Spanish population of the GMFM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The forward-backward translation methodology was used, subjecting the resulting versions to a qualitative analysis of equivalence. Both the score sheet and the instructions were translated through strategies of omission, incorporation, substitution of words or contribution of examples. In addition, understandability, applicability and feasibility were assessed through a pilot study in which assessors and subjects with a heterogeneous profile participated. RESULTS: The items that generated the most difficulty were those that included clinical terms or expressions whose use is not considered natural or equivalent in the Spanish language. Although 57% and 58% of the items of forward and backward translation, respectively, were classified as «partially equivalent», no correction was necessary since the modifications made came from the cultural and linguistic adaptation of the items to the Spanish population. CONCLUSIONS: The Spanish version maintains the highest degree of equivalence concerning the original English version and is understandable by all professionals regardless of their professional experience or geographic origin


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Comparação Transcultural , Paralisia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Traduções , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
6.
Pediatr Phys Ther ; 32(3): 190-200, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32604358

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore how children with cerebral palsy (CP) experience participation in leisure activities and to describe the environmental barriers and facilitators. METHODS: Sixteen children with cerebral palsy aged 7 to 17 years participated in 3 focus groups. Data were analyzed thematically by 3 researchers on the basis of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. RESULTS: A total of 38 International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health categories were identified (4 linked to Body functions; 2 linked to Body structures; 8 linked to Activities & Participation, and 24 to Environmental factors: 10 facilitators and 14 barriers). The most mentioned categories were Voluntary movement control functions, Functions related to gait pattern, Structure of upper arm, Recreation and leisure, Nuclear family and finally, and Individual attitudes of acquaintances. CONCLUSIONS: The main barriers identified by children with cerebral palsy highlight aspects of the physical, social, and attitudinal environment that could be modified to enhance participation in leisure activities.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Participação do Paciente/psicologia , Jogos e Brinquedos/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha
9.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3257, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321044

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to map the Brazilian scientific production related to the stages of the methodological process for the use of DISABKIDS® instruments and/or forms adapted to Brazil. METHOD: scoping review, with searches conducted on10 electronic databases, plus Google Scholar and contacts with researchers, without restriction of period or language. RESULTS: the mapping identified 90 scientific studies involving 46 instruments. Of these, 11 (23.9%) included the elaboration and/or cultural adaptation of the DISABKIDS® instruments to measure the Quality of Life of children or adolescents with chronic conditions and 35 (76.1%) used the Generic Measures and/or Specific Modules for the semantic validation of other instruments. CONCLUSION: this scoping review allowed a comprehensive evaluation of the use of the DISABKIDS® instrument and forms, in relation to the validation of the instrument adapted to Brazil, presenting a positive advance in the scenario with the development of academic/scientific projects in the country, incorporating the method recommended by the literature for the elaboration, cultural adaptation and validation of instruments and for the systematized and standardized recording of the perception and understanding of the target population about the measure of interest, using DISABKIDS® forms adapted for this purpose.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Pesquisa/instrumentação , Pesquisa/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Humanos , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida
10.
Trop Med Int Health ; 25(5): 508-524, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the evidence for interventions to reduce stigma experienced by children with disabilities and their families in low- and middle-income settings. METHODS: Systematic review of seven databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, PsycINFO, Social Policy and Practice, CINAHL, IBSS) for studies of interventions that aimed to reduce stigma for children with disabilities published from January 2000 to April 2018. Data were extracted on study population, study design, intervention level(s) and target group, and type(s) of stigma addressed. A narrative approach was used to synthesise the results. RESULTS: Twenty studies were included. The majority (65%) of interventions targeted enacted stigma (negative attitudes) and the most common intervention approach was education/training (63%). Over half (54%) of interventions were delivered at the organisational/institutional level, and only four studies targeted more than one social level. The most common disability targeted was epilepsy (50%) followed by intellectual impairment (20%). The majority of studies (n = 18/20, 90%) found a reduction in a component of stigma; however, most (90%) studies had a high risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the lack of quality evidence on effective stigma-reduction strategies for children with disabilities. Validation and consistent use of contextually relevant scales to measure stigma may advance this field of research. Studies that involve people with disabilities in the design and implementation of these strategies are needed.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Estigma Social , Criança , Países em Desenvolvimento , Humanos
11.
Value Health ; 23(2): 164-170, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young children with low language or congenital hearing loss and to explore the value of assessing HRQoL by concurrently administering 2 HRQoL instruments in populations of children. METHODS: Data were from 2 Australian community-based studies: Language for Learning (children with typical and low language at age 4 years, n = 1012) and the Statewide Comparison of Outcomes study (children with hearing loss, n = 108). HRQoL was measured using the parent-reported Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) and the Pediatrics Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL) generic core scale. Agreement between the HRQoL instruments was assessed using intraclass correlation and Bland-Altman plots. RESULTS: Children with low language and with hearing loss had lower HRQoL than children with normal language; the worst HRQoL was experienced by children with both. The lower HRQoL was mainly due to impaired school functioning (PedsQL) and speech and cognition (HUI3). Children with hearing loss also had impaired physical and social functioning (PedsQL), vision, hearing, dexterity, and ambulation (HUI3). Correlations between instruments were poor to moderate, with low agreement. CONCLUSIONS: Children with low language and congenital hearing loss might benefit from interventions targeting overall health and well-being, not just their impairments. The HUI3 and PedsQL each seemed to provide unique information and thus may supplement each other in assessing HRQoL of young children, including those with low language or congenital hearing loss.


Assuntos
Percepção Auditiva , Comportamento Infantil , Linguagem Infantil , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Perda Auditiva/diagnóstico , Audição , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/diagnóstico , Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores Etários , Austrália , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Crianças com Deficiência/reabilitação , Educação de Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/congênito , Perda Auditiva/psicologia , Perda Auditiva/reabilitação , Humanos , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/psicologia , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/reabilitação , Inclusão Escolar , Masculino , Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva/reabilitação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study provides information on beliefs that parents of children with autism hold in Iran. The main focus is on their beliefs about the cause and the way that this condition is explained based on the first signs that made them be concerned for their children. METHOD: To attain the aims of this study, 43 parents of children with ASD (27 mothers and 16 fathers) were recruited and interviewed in two sessions in their home. A mixed method approach was used to understand Iranian parents' reaction to receive diagnosis for their children. RESULTS: Based on findings for the identification, description, and treatment of ASD in Iran, it is argued that since Iranian parents had their special justification regarding their experience with ASD, early child development and interventions must be understood within cultural context. Culturally informed research on ASD is vital to boost awareness of the importance of understanding parental concerns and their need for educational and psychological services in countries in which autism is less known, undiagnosed, misdiagnosed, or even stigmatized. Understanding the difference in ASD meaning across cultures urges stakeholders such as service providers and policymakers to accept and appreciate cultural and individual diversities in the present century.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 50(4): 1221-1237, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907730

RESUMO

Challenging behavior is a significant barrier in accessing the general education curriculum for students with developmental disabilities. This necessitates the identification of evidence-based practices for addressing challenging behavior in inclusive settings. The purpose of our meta-analysis is to (a) quantify the magnitude of effect of interventions targeting the reduction of challenging behavior in students with developmental disabilities in inclusive educational settings and (b) determine if participant and intervention characteristics moderate intervention effects. A systematic search of academic databases was conducted to identify studies, which were evaluated for methodological rigor and analyzed for effects using Tau-U. Results indicate a strong overall effect of .94 (95% CI [.87, 1]) and moderating variables associated with behavior topography, interventionist, and intervention components were identified.


Assuntos
Currículo , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/educação , Inclusão Escolar/métodos , Criança , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Humanos , Comportamento Problema
15.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 50(4): 1269-1280, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901118

RESUMO

We examined whether different profiles of quality of life (QoL) existed among youth referred to an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) specialty clinic and, if present, determined if these groups were associated with different characteristics. Data were from parental report of 5-17 year-old youth (N = 476) who were scheduled to receive an evaluation at an ASD clinic. Parents completed questionnaires, including the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, assessing child and family functioning; providers reported diagnostic impressions. A latent profile analysis found five distinct groups: Low Risk, School Problems, Only Social Emotional Problems, and two Physical/Social Emotional Problems. The groups differed on clinical characteristics and family functioning. These findings have implications for more efficient and effective evaluations in service delivery systems serving complex patients.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 44: 101712, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838320

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pediatric cancer presents many challenges to the life of the child diagnosed with cancer and his/her family. Among the studies investigating risk and protective factors, social support has emerged as an important construct. However, little is known on how family members support each other in this particular context. METHOD: In order to further explore this process, interviews were performed separately with mothers, fathers and siblings. For the purpose of this study (as this is part of a larger project), data from four families in which both parents and at least one sibling participated, were used. Multi Family Member Interview Analysis was used as the methodological framework to analyze the individual interviews, allowing a detailed and systematic analysis of shared family experiences. RESULTS: The analysis of the data revealed three themes: Being together matters: the families identified the need of being physically together; Finding support in (not) talking: the complexity of sharing emotions was explained and Working together as a team: the families described working together as a team in order to get everything organized. CONCLUSIONS: This study broadens our understanding of the interpersonal process of family support-giving when facing pediatric cancer. When meeting with families, families should be invited as a unit in order to best capture family level experiences. Also, clinicians should be sensitive to the different cancer-related communication needs within the family (i.e., the need to talk or not to talk) and incorporate this knowledge into their care.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Irmãos/psicologia , Apoio Social , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Bélgica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Dev Med Child Neurol ; 62(4): 445-453, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762011

RESUMO

AIM: To describe and compare the socio-demographic characteristics and community-based participation of children with and without disabilities. METHOD: This cross-sectional study reports data on 1073 children with disabilities (663 males, 410 females) and 11 122 children without disabilities (5617 males, 5505 females) aged 10 to 12 years from the fifth sweep of the Millennium Cohort Study. χ2 was used to explore differences between the two groups. Logistic regression models were used to assess the relationships between childhood disability (dependent variable) and socio-demographic characteristics. Logistic regression models were also used to examine the associations between childhood disability (dependent variable) and participation in community-based activities. RESULTS: Children with disabilities were more likely to be male, have psychosocial and behavioural problems, live in single-parent households, and have a parent with a longstanding illness. Patterns of community-based participation were similar between children with and without disabilities. However, the extent to which the two groups participated differed. Children with disabilities participated with lower frequency in unstructured physical activities (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.41; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.95-2.99), organized physical activities (adjusted OR 2.29; 95% CI: 1.83-2.86), religious gatherings (adjusted OR 2.08; 95% CI: 1.35-3.20), and getting together with friends (adjusted OR 3.31; 95% CI: 2.61-4.20). INTERPRETATION: Socio-demographic characteristics differed between children with and without disabilities. Children with disabilities had greater restriction in participation compared to peers without disabilities. Participation promoting interventions are required to support the participation of children with disabilities in social and physical activities. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: Patterns of community-based participation were similar between children with and without disabilities. Children with disabilities had lower frequency of participation in physical activities, religious gatherings, and getting together with friends.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Amigos/psicologia , Participação Social , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
J Pediatr Oncol Nurs ; 37(1): 65-75, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540566

RESUMO

Children with cancer suffer from symptoms and burdensome treatments that often cause distress to children and their families. Mortality is one aspect of cancer diagnosis, while another is the quality of life and well-being during and after the treatment. By supporting children's communication, self-efficacy and coping ability in the care situation, children are given the possibilities for increased independence and participation and are allowed to develop an influence over their care. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of an adult-facilitated pretend play intervention for children with cancer. Five children with ongoing treatment for cancer were invited to a play intervention that consisted of six to eight sessions of structured pretend play aimed at increasing participation, independence, and well-being. A mixed method design was used to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the play intervention. Measures were collected before and after interventions, and in conjunction with every play session. Results suggest that the children enjoyed the play intervention. Findings indicate small improvements regarding self-efficacy in care situations and equal or increased quality of life for participants. A main finding was that no adverse events or increased worrying was reported in conjunction with play sessions. Therefore, the intervention is regarded as safe, feasible, and acceptable as reported by participants and their primary caregivers and a possible means of increasing participation and independence in children with a cancer diagnosis.


Assuntos
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Enfermagem Oncológica/métodos , Enfermagem Pediátrica/métodos , Ludoterapia/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
19.
Scand J Occup Ther ; 27(5): 364-372, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661444

RESUMO

Background: The PREP (Pathways and Resources for Engagement and Participation), an innovative 12-week occupational therapy intervention that focuses on changing the environment, was found effective in improving the participation of youth in specific chosen community-based activities.Objective: To complement existing evidence, this study explored changes in overall participation patterns of youth with physical disabilities following the PREP intervention.Methods: Guided by time-geography approach, 13 youth aged 12-17 completed a 24-hr diary using the Aday app during one typical weekday and another day during the weekend, pre- and post-intervention. Data of 50 diaries were plotted and analyzed using the VISUALTimePAcTS program.Results: Following the PREP, youth were engaged in less digital media and more in study-related activities. Number of occurrences and time spent doing activities with friends were greater post-intervention, whereas time spent doing activities at home was quite similar, particularly during the weekdays. During the weekends, however, youth spent slightly less time at home.Conclusions and significance: Findings provide preliminary support for the effectiveness of the PREP, extending beyond the accomplishment of specific targeted activities towards a change in the overall daily patterns of youth. Such knowledge can redirect occupational therapists' attention to environment-focused interventions involving real-life experiences.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Crianças com Deficiência/educação , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/reabilitação , Internet , Participação do Paciente/psicologia , Telerreabilitação/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Masculino , Participação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Scand J Occup Ther ; 27(5): 349-363, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599187

RESUMO

Background: Children's play and leisure participation is often assessed by occupational therapists. As such, it is essential that therapists utilize play and leisure scales that are valid, reliable and responsive.Aim: To examine the convergent validity between the Children's Leisure Assessment Scale (CLASS) and Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Preferences for Activities of Children (CAPE/PAC).Methods: Forty healthy Australian children (60% female; mean age 9.2 ± 2.01 years) completed the CLASS and CAPE/PAC. Spearman's rho correlations with bootstrapping were completed.Results: A number of the CLASS and CAPE/PAC subscales were significantly correlated. The CAPE's overall scale scores and CLASS's instrumental indoor activities, outdoor activities and games and sport activities subscales were significantly correlated (p > 0.05). The CAPE's Social domain showed several significant correlations with the CLASS's instrumental indoor activities, outdoor activities and self-enrichment activities domains (p < 0.05). Statistically significant relationships were found between the CLASS's outdoor activity preference and the PAC's recreational, physical, formal, informal and overall performance scores (r = 0.466-0.773, p < 0.05).Conclusions and Significance: Preliminary evidence in support of the convergent validity between the CAPE/PAC and CLASS was obtained. Limitations include a small sample size and convenience sampling. Further investigation of the psychometric properties of the CAPE/PAC and CLASS are recommended.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Participação do Paciente/psicologia , Participação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Austrália , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
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