Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.861
Filtrar
3.
Croat Med J ; 61(4): 309-318, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881428

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the effect of the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown on lifestyle behaviors and mood changes in the Croatian general population. METHODS: During ten days of the COVID-19 lockdown in Croatia, 3027 respondents (70.3% female) from the general population completed an online, self-report questionnaire. Demographic data and data on lifestyle habits and mood changes before and during the COVID-19 lockdown were collected. RESULTS: A total of 95.64% of respondents reported to follow most or all restrictions, with female sex (P<0.001) and higher education level (P<0.001) being associated with higher restriction compliance. Women smoked an increased number of cigarettes (P<0.001). The proportion of respondents of both sexes who did not drink or drank 7 drinks per week or more increased (P<0.001). Women also reported lower frequency (P=0.001) and duration of physical exercise (P<0.001). In total, 30.7% of respondents gained weight, with female sex (OR, 2.726) and higher BMI (OR, 1.116; both P<0.001) being associated with an increased likelihood of gaining weight. Both men and women felt more frequently afraid (P<0.001), discouraged (P<0.001), and sad (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Public health authorities should promote the adoption of healthy lifestyles in order to reduce long-term negative effects of the lockdown.


Assuntos
Afeto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Ganho de Peso , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Índice de Massa Corporal , Coronavirus , Croácia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pandemias , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Quarentena/psicologia , Tristeza , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(2): 287-293, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the declaration of the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak as pandemic, health workers have shown an incredible commitment to their patients, sometimes in apocalyptic conditions. We explored ways to deal with the coronavirus stressor and psychological outcomes among physicians and nurses. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 124 healthcare workers in General Hospital Nasice (Croatia) were invited to participate in a study by performing within the period of March 26 to April 6 2020 questionnaire collected information on socio-demographic characteristics and living conditions that may be risk factors for covid-19 concern, Short form health survey-36, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21) and Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WOC; consisting of 8 subscales: Confrontive Coping, Distancing, Self-Controlling, Seeking Social Support, Accepting Responsibility, Escape-Avoidance, Planful Problem Solving, Positive Reappraisal). RESULTS: 11% healthworkers reports moderate to very-severe depression, 17% moderate to extremely-severe anxiety and 10% for moderate to extremely-severe stress. 67% of medical staff are worried. No statistically significant differences in the scales of depression, anxiety, and stress were found between nurses and physicians, but differences were found on Escape-Avoidance and Positive Reappraisal subscales. Nurses use significantly more avoiding coping style and positive reappraisal than doctors. Seeking social support is more pronounced in those over 40 years old, while those under 40 use more avoidable stress management techniques. CONCLUSIONS: Monitoring and ensuring the mental health of coronavirus care staff is crucial for global health. The education of medical staff in the field of stress management is a conditio sine qua non of the issue of an adequate relationship with the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Croácia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
5.
Toxicon ; 186: 19-25, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738246

RESUMO

The first survey of the phycotoxin profile in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from the coastal waters of Bosnia and Herzegovina (The Bay of Neum, Middle Adriatic Sea) in correlation to the Makarska City Bay (Croatia, Middle Adriatic Sea) was conducted in 2017. Throughout the monitoring period, occasions of gymnodimine (GYM) and azaspiracid (AZA2) shellfish toxicity were recorded in concentrations that do not endanger human health. The occurrence of yessotoxins (YTXs), the most common toxins found in the Adriatic Sea, was correlated to the presence of the Gonyaulax species, a potential source of YTX. The DSP group of toxins is represented by the ester-OA. Phytoplankton analysis confirmed the presence of dinoflagellates from the Prorocentrum genus, a species associated with DSP toxicity. Occurrence frequency and variability of toxin composition were investigated in conjunction to physico-chemical parameters in the surrounding sea water. In the central Adriatic Sea, the infestation period ranges in general from June to August. However, the depuration phase extended beyond September in the Bay of Neum, increasing the length of the decontamination period.


Assuntos
Toxinas Marinhas/análise , Venenos de Moluscos/análise , Frutos do Mar/estatística & dados numéricos , Animais , Croácia , Dinoflagelados , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/análise , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Cíclicos/análise , Iminas/análise , Mytilus , Oxocinas/análise , Fitoplâncton , Alimentos Marinhos , Intoxicação por Frutos do Mar , Compostos de Espiro/análise
6.
Environ Pollut ; 266(Pt 3): 115162, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771868

RESUMO

Chemical analysis of plasma samples of wild fish from the Sava River (Croatia) revealed the presence of 90 different pharmaceuticals/illicit drugs and their metabolites (PhACs/IDrgs). The concentrations of these PhACs/IDrgs in plasma were 10 to 1000 times higher than their concentrations in river water. Antibiotics, allergy/cold medications and analgesics were categories with the highest plasma concentrations. Fifty PhACs/IDrgs were identified as chemicals of concern based on the fish plasma model (FPM) effect ratios (ER) and their potential to activate evolutionary conserved biological targets. Chemicals of concern were also prioritized by calculating exposure-activity ratios (EARs) where plasma concentrations of chemicals were compared to their bioactivities in comprehensive ToxCast suite of in vitro assays. Overall, the applied prioritization methods indicated stimulants (nicotine, cotinine) and allergy/cold medications (prednisolone, dexamethasone) as having the highest potential biological impact on fish. The FPM model pointed to psychoactive substances (hallucinogens/stimulants and opioids) and psychotropic substances in the cannabinoids category (i.e. CBD and THC). EAR confirmed above and singled out additional chemicals of concern - anticholesteremic simvastatin and antiepileptic haloperidol. Present study demonstrates how the use of a combination of chemical analyses, and bio-effects based risk predictions with multiple criteria can help identify priority contaminants in freshwaters. The results reveal a widespread exposure of fish to complex mixtures of PhACs/IDrgs, which may target common molecular targets. While many of the prioritized chemicals occurred at low concentrations, their adverse effect on aquatic communities, due to continuous chronic exposure and additive effects, should not be neglected.


Assuntos
Drogas Ilícitas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Croácia , Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Rios
7.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0235866, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As an important public health concern, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is related to lack of knowledge among healthcare professionals. Since the Global Action Plan on AMR highlights the importance of training all healthcare professionals, it is essential to focus our attention on the education related to judicious antimicrobial use. The current study was the first attempt in southeastern Europe to quantify the knowledge about antimicrobial usage and biosecurity measure among veterinary students. METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was performed between April and May of 2019 on 213 veterinary students of the University of Novi Sad, Serbia and the University of Zagreb, Croatia. RESULTS: Veterinary students appeared to be little aware of antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine contribution to overall AMR since only 56.8% have chosen strong contribution as the answer. Of the students surveyed, only 22.1%/35.7% of them strongly agreed/agreed that the amount of teaching time for pharmacology was about right. Students who denied having good knowledge of the pharmacology of antimicrobials showed higher knowledge about systemic use of antimicrobials in different clinical scenarios (p = 0.002). High importance of some antimicrobials for human medicine was not recognized by surveyed students. Only 8.5% of them identified gentamicin correctly, as first-line therapy. Students expected to graduate later were more likely to identify the importance of rating antimicrobials correctly than those who thought they would graduate earlier (p = 0.002). More than half of students gave correct answer at scenario regarding a dog with recurrent pyoderma by choosing culture and susceptibility (C & S) testing. Our students who think they will graduate sooner have higher knowledge level on C & S testing sample submission for range of clinical scenarios (p = 0.004). Moreover, appropriate use of PPE (personal protective equipment) procedure and biosecurity measure were reported for two thirds of our students in case of only for two clinical scenarios. CONCLUSION: This study reveals that among veterinary students from Croatia and Serbia improved undergraduate education is needed on the AMR with emphasis on antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) and appropriate biosecurity.


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Educação em Veterinária , Adulto , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Gestão de Antimicrobianos/métodos , Croácia , Educação em Veterinária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sérvia , Estudantes , Médicos Veterinários , Drogas Veterinárias/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
8.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 9-14, 2020 06.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638596

RESUMO

Searching for an answer whether medicine is a science or an art, especially in today's time when the emphasis is on the biotechnological aspects of treatment, the intention of this paper is to reflect on the outcomes of the encounter of medicine and art. Those that are recognised at least in the complementarity of the methodology, creating additional life values. By presenting authentic actions, this is a call for additional health improvement interventions, without allowing the biopsychosocial approach to human integrity to be forgotten. The inspiration for this view was the prestigious title of the European Capital of Culture that the Town of Rijeka was awarded for the year 2020. This city is also a kind of capital of health culture in many ways.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Cultura , Medicina nas Artes , Croácia , História do Século XXI , Música
9.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 63-88, 2020 06.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638600

RESUMO

The paper presents the development and business of the chemical-pharmaceutical factory Rave PLC, founded in Zagreb in 1922. Based on archival and building documentation, professional and daily newspapers, and promotional material, the formation of the factory complex in the Zagreb industrial zone was reconstructed, its marketing strategy and its impact on the development of domestic drug production and hygiene and sanitary necessities were presented. As an important motive for its operations, the factory emphasized industrial independence, the national features of its business and the promotion of cooperation with young domestic industry. In accordance with the above-mentioned text, Rave PLC participates in the construction and development of domestic pharmaceutical production and market, encouraging the development of modern industry and struggle for more favourable conditions of its business. Its unprecedented history is an important segment of our pharmaceutical past, but also an indispensable element of knowing the industrial development of the wider region. This segment of the beginnings of pharmaceutical manufacturing is essential in knowing the origins of entrepreneurship in our region as a significant element in raising awareness of national production, development and identity.


Assuntos
Indústria Farmacêutica/história , Croácia , História do Século XX
10.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 89-104, 2020 06.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638601

RESUMO

The paper presents a folk recipe collection manuscript written by an unknown author in Poljica area, in the 18th century. It is owned by the philologist, historian of literature and bibliophile, Josip Bratulic. Therefore, the author suggests that this recipe collection should bear the name Great folk medicine book from Poljica (Bratulic's folk medicine book). The manuscript is written in Latin script and Croatian language. It consists of 288 pages written in black ink and contains more than 1,100 recipes making it one of the largest known manuscripts. Although well preserved, a small part of it is unreadable. Most recommended recipes are for treating humans and domestic animals, while several recipes contain household tips. The abundance of its content, expressions, and healing instructions add this recipe collection to other similar manuscripts of this region, which create precious part of the Croatian medical, pharmaceutical, and cultural heritage.


Assuntos
Manuscritos Médicos como Assunto/história , Medicina Tradicional/história , Farmacopeias como Assunto/história , Croácia , História do Século XVIII
11.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 3149-164, 2020 06.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638605

RESUMO

Medicine and physicians in Dubrovnik during the last two centuries, i.e. in the period after the dissolution of the Republic of Dubrovnik by Napoleon's Army, have attracted less interest among medical historians. In this paper, the lives and medical careers of two physicians from Dubrovnik, father and son, Baldo and Ante Bibica, have been reconstructed from the end of the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century by searching through the contemporary medical journals and newspapers as well as private archives of the members of family Bibica. Baldo Bibica graduated medicine in Vienna and spent the whole professional life as a municipal physician, at first, in the places in the vicinity of Dubrovnik and from 1903 in Gruz. Ante Bibica studied medicine in Graz and in Zagreb to become the first person from Dubrovnik promoted at the School of Medicine, Zagreb University. He specialized in dermatovenereology in Vienna and worked, as a specialist, in Dubrovnik. They both were active in the professional medical societies (at local and national levels) and were influential in the social life in Dubrovnik.


Assuntos
Médicos/história , Áustria-Hungria , Croácia , Dermatologia/história , Medicina Geral/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas/história , Venereologia/história
12.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 184-187, 2020 06.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638607

RESUMO

The former villa of Archduke Joseph, today's State Archives in Rijeka, as a building of the protected cultural property of the City of Rijeka, once again hosted an international scientific conference "Rijeka and its Citizens in Medical History". It was the nineteenth scientific conference organized by the Croatian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture, the State Archive in Rijeka and University of Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine. The first session closely connected the Rijeka part of medical historiography, with an emphasis on professions and health care systems of Rijeka, connecting it with its immediate surroundings, people and institutions on whose foundations modern Rijeka medicine rests, while the second session contained topics of wider historical medical range.


Assuntos
Historiografia , História da Medicina , Croácia , Sociedades Científicas
13.
Environ Pollut ; 266(Pt 3): 115175, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683088

RESUMO

Detailed information on in-harbour shipping contribution to size segregated particles in coastal cities are scarce, especially in the busy Mediterranean basin. This poses issues for human exposure and air quality in urban harbour agglomerates, where only criteria pollutants (i.e. PM10 and/or PM2.5) are usually monitored. In this work, particle number and mass size distributions, in a large size range (0.01-31 µm), were obtained in two coastal cities of northern Adriatic Sea: Venice (Italy) and Rijeka (Croatia). Three size ranges were investigated: nanoparticles (diameter D < 0.25 µm); fine particles (0.25 1 µm). Absolute concentrations were larger in Venice for all size ranges showing, using analysis of daily trends, a large influence of local meteorology and boundary-layer dynamics. Contribution of road transport was larger (in relative terms) in Rijeka compared to Venice. The highest contributions of shipping were in Venice, mainly because of the larger ship traffic. Maximum impact was on nanoparticles 7.4% (Venice) and 1.8% (Rijeka), the minimum was on fine range 1.9% (Venice) and <0.2% (Rijeka) and intermediate values were found in the coarse fraction 1.8% (Venice) and 0.5% (Rijeka). Contribution of shipping to mass concentration was not distinguishable from uncertainty in Rijeka (<0.2% for PM1, PM2.5, and PM10) and was about 2% in Venice. Relative contributions as function of particles size show remarkable similitudes: a maximum for nanoparticles, a quick decrease and a successive secondary maximum (2-3 times lower than the first) in the fine range. For larger diameters, the relative contributions reach a minimum at 1-1.5 µm and there is a successive increase in the coarse range. Size distributions showed a not negligible contribution of harbour emissions to nanoparticle and fine particle number concentrations, compared to PM2.5 or PM10, indicating them as a better metric to monitor shipping impacts compared to mass concentrations (PM2.5 or PM10).


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Navios , Cidades , Croácia , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Itália , Tamanho da Partícula , Material Particulado/análise
14.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236513, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726804

RESUMO

Epizoic diatoms form an important part of micro-epibiota of marine vertebrates such as whales and sea turtles. The present study explores and compares the diversity and biogeography of diatom communities growing on the skin and shell of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) from four different localities: Adriatic Sea (Croatia), Ionian Sea (Greece), South Africa and Florida Bay (USA) using both light and scanning electron microscopy. We observed almost 400 diatom taxa belonging to more than 100 genera. Diatom communities from Greece and Croatia showed the highest similarity and were statistically different from those recorded from South Africa and Florida. Part of this variation could be attributed to differences in sampling techniques; however, we believe that geography had an important role. In general, contrary to several previous observations from sea turtles, the presumably exclusively epizoic diatoms contributed less than common benthic taxa to the total diatom flora, which might have been related to the loggerhead feeding behavior. Moreover, skin samples differed from carapace samples in having a distinct diatom composition with a higher proportion of the putative true epizoonts. Our results indicate that epizoic diatom communities differ according to loggerhead geographical location and substrate (skin vs. carapace). The relative abundances of common benthic diatoms and putative exclusive epizoic taxa may inform about sea turtle habitat use or behavior though detailed comparisons among different host species have yet to be performed.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Tartarugas/fisiologia , Animais , Biodiversidade , Análise por Conglomerados , Croácia , Ecossistema , Florida , Grécia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , África do Sul
15.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(3): 577-583, mayo-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193866

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: chronic pain is a complex entity with immense individual and societal burden. OBJECTIVES: to assess the effectiveness of specifically designed nutrition education for the management of chronic pain and whether any change in dietary habits contribute to decrease in pain intensity. Objectives and methods: 40 patients were enrolled in the 4-week intervention study. Patients filled-in questionaires regarding their basic characteristics, pain intensity, quality of life, and dietary habits at baseline and post-intervention. Intervention consisted of 1 individual and 2 group counselings based on the nutrition education specifically designed for the chronic pain management. RESULTS: post-intervention, pain intensity decreased in 67.5 % of patients while quality of life improved significantly (from 42.9 ± 31.3 to 70.1 ± 26.2 points, p = 0.015). All patients responded to nutrition education by increasing the number of meals per day (p < 0.001), improving regularity of breakfast (p = 0.005) and by less frequently skipping meals (p = 0.027). Fewer meal skipping (OR = 0.037, 95 % CI (0.003-0.482), p = 0.012) and lower consumption of foods with negative effect on chronic pain (OR = 0.008, 95 % CI (0.000-0.444), p = 0.019) were found to modestly, but independently contribute to decrease in pain intensity. Still, patients with higher BMI and several diagnoses had low response. CONCLUSIONS: the developed nutrition education is fit for the management of chronic pain. The main benefits are improved meal consumption pattern along with reduced consumption of foods with pro-inflammatory effect and food cravings. The complexity of chronic pain is obvious in low responsiveness among patients with higher BMI and several conditions


INTRODUCCIÓN: el dolor crónico es una entidad compleja con una inmensa carga individual y social. OBJETIVO: verificar si la educación nutricional diseñada específicamente para el tratamiento del dolor crónico y si algún cambio en los hábitos alimenticios contribuyen a disminuir la intensidad del dolor. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: se incluyeron 40 pacientes en el estudio observacional intervencionista de 4 semanas. Los pacientes completaron cuestionarios sobre las características básicas: la intensidad del dolor, la calidad de vida y los hábitos alimenticios al inicio y después de la intervención. La intervención consistió en 1 asesoramiento individual y 2 grupales basados en la educación nutricional diseñada específicamente para el tratamiento del dolor crónico. RESULTADOS: después de la intervención, la intensidad del dolor disminuyó en el 67,5 % de los pacientes al tiempo que mejoró significativamente la calidad de vida (de 42,9 ± 31,3 a 70,1 ± 26,2 puntos, p = 0,015). Todos los pacientes respondieron a la educación nutricional: aumentaron el número de comidas por día (p < 0,001), mejoraron la regularidad del desayuno (p = 0,005) y omitieron las comidas con menos frecuencia (p = 0,027). Menos saltos de comida (OR = 0,037, IC 95 % [0,003-0.482], p = 0,012) y menor consumo de alimentos con efecto negativo sobre el dolor crónico (OR = 0,008, IC 95 % [0,000-0,444], p = 0.019) se encontraron que modestamente, pero, de formma independiente, contribuyen a disminuir la intensidad del dolor. Sin embargo, los pacientes con mayor BMI y varios diagnósticos tuvieron baja resonancia. CONCLUSIÓN: la educación nutricional desarrollada es adecuada para el manejo del dolor crónico. Los mejores beneficios son un patrón mejorado de consumo de comida junto a un consumo reducido de alimentos con efecto proinflamatorio y antojos de alimentos. La complejidad del dolor crónico es visible en baja respuesta entre pacientes con mayor BMI y varios diagnósticos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Dor Crônica/dietoterapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos Piloto , Educação Alimentar e Nutricional , Croácia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 720-725, June 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098311

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to determine the differences between the cadets (U15) water polo players of national teams of Montenegro and Croatia in the body composition and anthropometric characteristics. A sample of 32 subjects was divided into two sub-samples. The first sub-sample of the subjects was consisted of 16 water polo players of Montenegro national team of the average age 14.69±.48, the vice champions on the European Championships in Burgas (Bulgaria) 2019, while the other sub-sample was consisted of 16 water polo players of national team of Croatia of the average age of 14.75±.45, who occupied the eighth position on the European Championships in Burgas (Bulgaria) 2019. Water polo players were tested at the final preparations just before the European championship. Body composition and anthropometric characteristics were evaluated by a battery of 11 variables: body height, body weight, triceps skinfold, biceps skinfold, skinfold of the back, abdominal skinfold, upper leg skinfold, lower leg skinfold, body mass index, fat percentage and muscle mass. The standard central and dispersion parameters of all variables were calculated. The significance of the differences between the water polo players of two national teams in the variables for assessing body composition and anthropometric characteristics was determined by a t-test for independent samples. It was found that there are statistically significant differences in five variables, in three variables at p<0.01 (body height, triceps skinfold and biceps skinfold), and in two variables at p<0.05 (upper leg skinfold and muscle mass). It can be stated that the water polo players of Montenegro have statistically significantly higher triceps skinfold, biceps skinfold and upper leg skinfold, and statistically significantly lower body height and muscle mass than the water polo players of Croatia.


El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar las diferencias entre los jugadores cadetes de waterpolo (U15) de los equipos nacionales de Montenegro y Croacia en la composición corporal y las características antropométricas. Se dividió una muestra de 32 jugadeores en dos submuestras. La primera submuestra consistió en 16 jugadores de waterpolo del equipo nacional de Montenegro con una edad promedio de 14,69 ± 0,48, los vicecampeones del Campeonato de Europa en Burgas (Bulgaria) 2019, mientras que la otra submuestra estuvo compuesta de 16 jugadores de waterpolo del equipo nacional de Croacia con una edad promedio de 14,75 ± 0,45, que ocuparon la octava posición en el Campeonato de Europa en Burgas (Bulgaria) 2019. Los jugadores de waterpolo fueron probados en los preparativos finales justo antes del campeonato europeo. La composición corporal y las características antropométricas se evaluaron mediante una batería de 11 variables: altura corporal, peso corporal, pliegue cutáneo del tríceps, pliegue cutáneo del bíceps, pliegue cutáneo de la espalda, pliegue abdominal, pliegue superior de la pierna, pliegue inferior de la pierna, índice de masa corporal, porcentaje de grasa y músculo masa. Se calcularon los parámetros estándar centrales y de dispersión de todas las variables. La importancia de las diferencias entre los jugadores de waterpolo de dos equipos nacionales en las variables para evaluar la composición corporal y las características antropométricas se determinó mediante una prueba t para muestras independientes. Se observó que existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en cinco variables, en tres variables con p <0,01 (altura corporal, pliegue de tríceps y pliegue de bíceps), y en dos variables con p <0,05 (pliegue superior de la pierna y masa muscular). Los jugadores de waterpolo de Montenegro tienen pliegues cutáneos de tríceps estadísticamente significativamente más altos, pliegues cutáneos de bíceps y pliegues superiores de las piernas, y una altura corporal y masa muscular estadísticamente significativamente menor que los jugadores de waterpolo de Croacia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Composição Corporal , Esportes Aquáticos , Antropometria , Croácia , Montenegro
17.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(S1): S274-S275, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496105

RESUMO

Globally, the Coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic situation has affected the education system, forcing students to start distance learning. Consequently, education of students reverted to online platforms or TV station broadcasts. Extracurricular programs have also experienced a setback given the natural prioritization of mandatory school subjects. Meanwhile, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) was implementing a teacher-led extracurricular activity for children of age 10-15 years to prevent substance use and other negative life and social consequences (Lions Quest Skills for Adolescence [LQSFA]). Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, LQSFA was difficult to sustain, partly as it was considered extracurricular and partly given its interactive requirement that was difficult to apply through distance learning. Nevertheless, schools' facilitators managed to adapt the program information sharing and communication strategies with the student groups and identified essential sessions allowing continuity of program implementation and utilization of critical program skills during COVID-19 pandemic. The practical implication of the facilitators' assessment of the relevance, value, motivation and feasibility of the implementation of the LQSFA program within the current COVID-19 circumstances calls for the eminent need for adaptation of its implementation modality to meet the current educational delivery circumstances. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação a Distância , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Aprendizado Social , Estudantes , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Criança , Croácia , Humanos
18.
Environ Pollut ; 265(Pt B): 114823, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512474

RESUMO

Microorganisms in coastal sediments are fundamental for ecosystem functioning, and regulate processes relevant in global biogeochemical cycles. Still, our understanding of the effects anthropogenic perturbation and pollution can have on microbial communities in marine sediments is limited. We surveyed the microbial diversity, and the occurrence and abundance of metal and antibiotic resistance genes is sediments collected from the Pula Bay (Croatia), one of the most significantly polluted sites along the Croatian coast. With a collection of 14 samples from the bay area, we were able to generate a detailed status quo picture of a site that only recently started a cleaning and remediation process (closing of sewage pipes and reduction of industrial activity). The concentrations of heavy metals in Pula Bay sediments are significantly higher than in pristine sediments from the Adriatic Sea, and in some cases, manifold exceed international sediment quality guidelines. While the sedimentary concentrations of heavy metals did significantly influence the abundance of the tested metal resistance genes, no strong effect of heavy metal pollution on the overall microbial community composition was observed. Like in many other marine sediments, Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidota and Desulfobacterota dominated the microbial community composition in most samples, and community assembly was primarily driven by water column depth and nutrient (carbon and nitrogen) availability, regardless of the degree of heavy metal pollution.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/análise , Microbiota , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Croácia , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(25): 31446-31457, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488706

RESUMO

The multiyear cultivation of Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu (M.×giganteus) at the soils polluted by metal(loid)s were researched. The biomass parameters and concentrations of elements: Ti, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Sr, and Mo were determined in the plant's organs at harvest. The same metal(loid)s were monitored in the plant's leaves throughout three vegetation seasons. The principal component analysis and general linear model approaches were applied for statistical evaluation followed by Box-Cox transformation. The difference in the distribution of elements in the plant, the content of elements in the soil, various regime of uptake to the plant tissues, and the year of vegetation were analyzed as driving factors of the phytoremediation. The results showed that the leading promoter was the factor of the zone, which was the most essential for Ti, Fe, and Cu and the smallest for Mn. The factor of differences in soil pollution was essential for Zn and Mo, much less for As, Sr, and Mn, limited for Fe, and was not seen for Ti and Cu. The factor of the interrelation effects of the zone and experiment reflected the different regime of uptake for the plant tissues was seen for two elements: more prominent for Cu and smaller for Ti. While analyzing the dynamic of foliar concentrations of the metal(loid)s during 3 years, two groups were defined. Firstly, Fe, Ni, Mn, and Sr showed stable curves with limited distribution of the plant life cycle. Secondly, As, Zn, Cu, and Mo showed different fluctuations in the curves, which can be attributed to essential influence of those elements to the plant life cycle. Further research will be focused on the application of M.×giganteus to the polluted soil in a bigger scale and comparison results of laboratory and field experiments.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Biodegradação Ambiental , Croácia , Solo
20.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 156: 111209, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510365

RESUMO

Marine bioinvasions require integrating monitoring tools with other complementary strategies. In this study, we collected information about the invasive alien crab Callinectes sapidus in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, by means of online questionnaires administered to recreational fishers (n = 797). Our records matched the current distribution of the species: C. sapidus resulted far more common in the Adriatic/Ionian than in the Tyrrhenian/Ligurian sector. Most respondents rated the species as 'occasional' or 'rare'. Moreover, the more C. sapidus was considered to be abundant, the more fishers tended to perceive it as a negative disturbance over fisheries and the environment. Our findings suggest that C. sapidus is more common than previously thought in most of the study area, and it could have reached the levels of a true invasions in the south-eastern Adriatic Sea. This experience demonstrates that online questionnaires can be appropriate tools to effectively engage stakeholders in alien species monitoring.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Animais , Croácia , Itália , Montenegro , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA