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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10423-10431, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487168

RESUMO

Plants often produce antifungal peptides and proteins in response to infection. Also wheat, which is the main ingredient of bread dough, contains such components. Here, we show that while some industrial strains of the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can efficiently ferment dough, some other strains show much lower fermentation capacities because they are sensitive to a specific wheat protein. We purified and identified what turned out to be a thaumatin-like protein through a combination of activity-guided fractionation, cation exchange chromatography, reversed-phase HPLC, and LC-MS/MS. Recombinant expression of the corresponding gene and testing the activity confirmed the inhibitory activity of the protein.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Triticum/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Fermentação , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Triticum/genética , Triticum/metabolismo , Triticum/microbiologia
2.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 60(4): 108-112, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474651

RESUMO

Assuming the intentional adulteration of beverages with plant toxins, an LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of 18 plant toxins (lycorine, galantamine, ricinine, scopolamine, gelsemine, atropine, colchicine, α-solanine, jervine, α-chaconine, veratramine, mesaconitine, digoxin, protoveratrine A, aconitine, hypaconitine, oleandrin, and digitoxin) was developed. As analytical samples, beer, distilled spirits, blend tea, ready-to-drink (RTD) coffee, and fermented milk drink were selected. The extraction and purification of the analytes were performed using modified QuEChERS method. Method validation in terms of intra-day precision, accuracy, and extraction recovery obtained satisfactory results. The calibration curves for the analytes were linear from 5 to 200 ng/mL (r>0.990), which enabled the determination of toxins in even trace amounts.


Assuntos
Bebidas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Toxinas Biológicas/análise
3.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 60(4): 96-107, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474657

RESUMO

LC/Tribrid Orbitrap was developed to determine phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors and their analogs as adulterants in dietary supplements. High-resolution MS/MS and MS3 spectra of PDE-5 inhibitors and their analogs were obtained by LC/Tribrid Orbitrap using both higher-energy collisional dissociation and collision-induced dissociation. We investigated dietary supplements that claim to enhance men's sexual performance, and detected PDE-5 inhibitors and their analogs. We also estimated the structures of the PDE-5 inhibitor analogs and the impurities of PDE-5 inhibitors and their analogs in the dietary supplements.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cromatografia Líquida , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 5
4.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(9): 1715-1722, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559753

RESUMO

The liver is the metabolic center of mammalian body. Systematic study on liver's proteome expression under different physiological and pathological conditions helps us understand the functional mechanisms of the liver. With the rapid development of liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry technique, numerous studies on liver physiology and pathology features produced a large number of proteomics data. In this paper, 834 proteomics experiments of mouse liver were systematically collected and the mouse liver proteome database (Mouse Liver Portal, http://mouseliver.com) was established. The Mouse Liver Portal contains the liver's proteomics data under different physiology and pathology conditions, such as different gender, age, circadian rhythm, cell type and different phase of partial hepatectomy, non-alcoholic fatty liver. This portal provides the changes in proteins' expression in different conditions of the liver, differently expressed proteins and the biological processes which they are involved in, potential signal transduction and regulatory networks. As the most comprehensive mouse liver proteome database, it can provide important resources and clues for liver biology research.


Assuntos
Proteoma , Proteômica , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Bases de Dados Factuais , Fígado , Camundongos
5.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(9): 1771-1786, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559758

RESUMO

Rv2742 is a novel gene identified from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv by the proteogenomics strategy. The aim of this study was to establish a system of soluble expression and purification of the missing protein Rv2742 in M. tuberculosis H37Rv, to provide reference for further research on the biological function of Rv2742. The soluble protein was not successfully induced by prokaryotic expression vectors pGEX-4T-2-Rv2742, pET-32a-Rv2742, pET-28a-Rv2742 and pMAL-c2X-Rv2742. After the codon of novel gene Rv2742 was optimized according to E. coli codon usage frequency, only the recombinant strain containing plasmid pMAL-c2X-Rv2742 could produce soluble products of Rv2742 encoding gene. In addition, the expression effects of the desired fusion protein were also analyzed under different conditions including hosts, culture temperatures and IPTG concentrations. The optimum expression conditions were as follows: Rosetta (DE3) host, 16 °C culture temperature and 0.5 mmol/L IPTG. After being purified by affinity chromatography with amylose resin, the fusion protein sequence was confirmed by LC-MS/MS. These results indicated that the novel gene Rv2742 product could be successfully induced and expressed in a soluble form by the expression system pMAL-c2X with MBP tag. Our findings provide reference for studies on potential interaction and immunogenicity.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Cromatografia Líquida , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
6.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122169, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561980

RESUMO

Pseudomonas sp. C27 is a facultative autotrophic bacterium that can grow mixotrophically to undergo denitrifying sulfide removal (DSR) reactions with both organic matters and sulfide as electron donors. A detailed understanding of how the C27 strain simultaneously removes nitrogen, sulfur and carbon from water is critical for optimal DSR process design and implementation. This study is the first to reveal the pathways of nitrogen and sulfur metabolisms, identifying a total of 47 proteins that are related to the nitrogen metabolism and seven proteins to the sulfur metabolism of strain C27 using iTRAQ and LC-MS/MS techniques. The proposed pathway of nitrogen metabolism for strain C27 from external nitrate to nitrogen gas and phosphate with a coupled ammonia cycle is based on the identified proteins, and suggests that nitrate was not essential for nitrogen metabolism and could be replaced by nitrite as the sole nitrogen source for C27.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Pseudomonas , Cromatografia Líquida , Desnitrificação , Nitratos , Sulfetos , Enxofre , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(33): 9295-9306, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365237

RESUMO

As a result of an innovative olive fruit processing method involving stone removal and dehydration, a new kind of olive oil and olive flour are generated. The main objective of this work was to accomplish the comprehensive characterization of the minor compounds of both products and to evaluate the effect of the dehydration temperature on their composition. To this end, olive oil and flour samples obtained through the novel processing method were analyzed and compared with "conventional" virgin olive oils (VOO). The applied LC-MS methodology allowed the determination of 57 metabolites belonging to different chemical classes (phenolic compounds, pentacyclic trirterpenes, and tocopherols). Both the new oils and flours presented considerable amounts of olive fruit metabolites that are usually absent from VOO. Quantitative differences were found among VOOs and the new oils, probably due to the inhibition of some enzymes caused by the temperature increase or the absence of water during the processing.


Assuntos
Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Olea/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Resíduos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Farinha/análise , Frutas/química , Azeite de Oliva/análise , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tocoferóis/química , Tocoferóis/isolamento & purificação
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(33): 9411-9422, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393126

RESUMO

Royal jelly (RJ) is secreted by young worker bees, and it plays key roles in the development and physiological function in honeybees and can improve human health. Although there have been analyses on the glycosylation modification of RJ proteins, none of these methods have been conducted on a site-specific analysis of glycosylation from these glycoproteins. Here, a combined glycomics and glycoproteomics strategy was developed for the site-specific analysis of N-linked glycosylation heterogeneity of RJ glycoproteins. First, global characterization of the N-glycome of RJ was performed using a direct infusion ion trap-sequential mass spectrometry (IT-MSn) method. Second, tryptic glycopeptides were enriched and separated by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-ion trap-sequential mass spectrometry (HILIC-IT-MSn). A total of 50 N-glycopeptides and 30 N-glycans have been site-specific glycosylation profiled in major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJP1) and MRJP2 of RJ for the first time. Eighteen of the identified N-glycans have been structurally characterized by IT-MSn, including oligosaccharide composition, sequence, branching, and linkage. Two N-glycosylation sites (N177 and N394), 3 sites (N145, N178, and N92), and 1 site of N183 were identified in MRJP1, MRJP2, and MRJP3, respectively. There were 18, 17, and 2 N-glycans attached to MRJP1, MRJP2, and MRJP3, respectively. The diversity of N-glycans attached to each single glycosylation site of these glycoproteins confirmed that MRJP1 and MRJP2 heterogeneity was mostly associated with their glycoform populations. Understanding the properties of the site-specific glycosylation heterogeneity of the RJ glycoproteins can be potentially useful for producing a glycoprotein with desirable pharmacokinetic and biological activity.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicoproteínas/química , Proteínas de Insetos/química , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Animais , Abelhas , Cromatografia Líquida , Glicômica , Glicosilação , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Waste Manag ; 96: 15-24, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376959

RESUMO

A solid-liquid extraction method using ethanol-water mixtures was combined with cLC-DAD, LC-MS/MS and chemometric analyses for establishing the optimum extraction conditions of valuable polyphenols from spent coffee grounds. Chlorogenic and p-coumaric acids were the most abundant polyphenols found, ranging from 0.02 to 4.8 mg g-1 and 0.173-0.50 mg g-1, respectively. In addition, total polyphenol content (9-29 mg GAE g-1 DW), total flavonoid content (11-27 mg QE g-1 DW), total antioxidant activity (0.3-7 mg GAE g-1 DW) and free radical scavenging ability (DPPH assay, 64-927 µg extract g-1 at EC50) of obtained extracts were determined. Response surface methodology allowed obtaining predictive models for the extraction of each individual polyphenol. On the other hand, multifactorial ANOVA was used to establish differences between coffee and spent coffee ground extracts. Principal component analysis was also employed to relate antioxidant activities, total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents with both the polyphenols extracted and the residue coffee type. The overall results suggested that spent coffee grounds could be reused as a promising, inexpensive and natural source of bioactive polyphenols with potential industrial applications, thus minimizing the waste disposal and environmental impact.


Assuntos
Café , Polifenóis , Antioxidantes , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
10.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1158: 101-117, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452138

RESUMO

Targeted mass spectrometry in the selected or parallel reaction monitoring (SRM or PRM) mode is a widely used methodology to quantify proteins based on so-called signature or proteotypic peptides. SRM has the advantage of being able to quantify a range of proteins in a single analysis, for example, to measure the level of enzymes comprising a biochemical pathway. In this chapter, we will detail how to set up an SRM assay on the example of the mitochondrial protein succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] flavoprotein subunit (mouse UniProt-code Q8K2B3). First, we will outline the in silico assay design including the choice of peptides based on a range of properties. We will further delineate different quantification strategies and introduce the reader to LC-MS assay development including the selection of the optimal peptide charge state and fragment ions as well as a discussion of the dynamic range of detection. The chapter will close with an application from the area of mitochondrial biology related to the quantification of a set of proteins isolated from mouse liver mitochondria in a study on mitochondrial respiratory flux decline in aging mouse muscle.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias , Proteômica , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Peptídeos/química , Proteômica/instrumentação , Proteômica/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
11.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(8): 839-848, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366833

RESUMO

Panacis Japonici Rhizoma (PJR) contains various kinds of saponins, which possesses extensive pharmacological activities, but studies of comprehensive analysis of its saponins were limited. Thus, ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole-time of flight tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-Triple TOF-MS/MS) and ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole-linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) methods were established for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the saponins in PJR, separately. Fifty three saponins in PJR were identified by UFLC-Triple TOF-MS/MS method, 23 saponins of which were unequivocally identified by reference substances. In addition, fragmentation pathways of different types of saponins were preliminarily deduced by fragmentation behavior of 53 saponins. Furthermore, the simultaneous determination of the contents of 13 saponins in PJR samples harvested at different times were analyzed by UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS method. Furthermore, the quality of the samples was evaluated by grey relational analysis. This study might be beneficial to the quality assessment and control of PJR. Meanwhile, it might provide the basic information for confirming its optimal harvested period.


Assuntos
Rizoma/química , Saponinas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Conformação Molecular , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Bioresour Technol ; 291: 121853, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377510

RESUMO

The concentration of antibiotics in anaerobically digested swine wastewater (ADSW) usually gradually increases due to the addition of antibiotics in livestock feed. Lemna aequinoctialis was used to treatment synthetic ADSW contaminated by oxytetracycline (OTC) whose concentrations were 0.05, 0.25, 0.50 and 1.00 mg/L, and its influences on NH3-N and TP remove were investigated. The fresh weight, photosynthetic pigment and protein content of duckweed were also investigated. Results have shown that nutrient removal and duckweed growth followed the "dose-response" relationships, and 0.05 mg/L OTC could significantly promote the synthesis of photosynthetic pigments and proteins in duckweed. Meanwhile, the protein content gradually decreased during investigation. More important, the degradation products and possible degradation pathways of OTC were diagrammatized via liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and twelve intermediates were detected in the duckweed systems. This study can offer a novel view for phytoremediation of ADSW containing antibiotics by aquatic plants.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Araceae/metabolismo , Nutrientes , Oxitetraciclina/metabolismo , Águas Residuárias/química , Anaerobiose , Animais , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cromatografia Líquida , Suínos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 60(3): 52-60, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391411

RESUMO

We developed an analytical method for determining 15 antifungal drugs, 2 antiparasitic drugs, and 3 veterinary drugs in fish and livestock products using LC-MS/MS. First, 50% ethanol was added to their products, and the mixture was homogenized to reduce drug degradation. Thereafter, 20 drugs were extracted from the pretreated sample mixture using acetonitrile. Cleanup was performed using an alumina-N SPE cartridge. Finally, chromatographic separation was performed using a fully porous octadecyl silanized silica column. The new method is applicable to fish in which the matrix hampers accurate analysis. It was validated on 8 fish and livestock products. Drug recovery rates ranged from 70.2 to 109.3%, RSDs of repeatability were <18.0%, and RSDs of within-laboratory reproducibility were <18.7%. It fulfills the Japanese guideline criteria. The limits of quantification were estimated as 3 ng/g.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Carne/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Drogas Veterinárias/análise , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
14.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 60(3): 68-72, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391413

RESUMO

A rapid, sensitive and selective analytical method by LC-MS/MS was developed and validated for the determination of cyclamate in various kinds of foods. The Preparation of test solutions was performed by heat extraction technique in accordance with an official notification method in Japan. We aimed to reduce the matrix effects in LC-MS/MS only by diluting extracts without clean-up using solid phase column. This method was assessed for 30 kinds of foods fortifying cyclamate at the concentration level of 0.5 µg/g. As a result, trueness was 85.0 to 106.6%, repeatability (RSDr) ranged from 1.7 to 9.4%, and within-laboratory reproducibility (RSDwr) ranged from was 4.1 to 9.7%. These date supported the reliability our method. Thus, this method could be useful for a rapid determination of cyclamate in various kinds of foods.


Assuntos
Ciclamatos/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Japão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
15.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 168, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the primary cause of blindness and severe vision loss in developed countries and is responsible for 8.7% of blindness globally. Ultraviolet radiation can induce DNA breakdown, produce reactive oxygen species, and has been implicated as a risk factor for AMD. This study investigated the effects of UVA radiation on Human retinal pigment epithelial cell (ARPE-19) growth and protein expression. METHODS: ARPE-19 cells were irradiated with a UVA lamp at different doses (5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 J/cm2) from 10 cm. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay. Visual inspection was first achieved with inverted light microscopy and then the DeadEnd™ Fluorometric TUNEL System was used to observe nuclear DNA fragmentation. Flow cytometry based-Annexin V-FITC/PI double-staining was used to further quantify cellular viability. Mitochondrial membrane potential was assessed with JC-1 staining. 2D electrophoresis maps of exposed cells were compared to nonexposed cells and gel images analyzed with PDQuest 2-D Analysis Software. Spots with greater than a 1.5-fold difference were selected for LC-MS/MS analysis and some confirmed by western blot. We further investigated whether caspase activation, apoptotic-related mitochondrial proteins, and regulators of ER stress sensors were involved in UVA-induced apoptosis. RESULTS: We detected 29 differentially expressed proteins (9 up-regulated and 20 down-regulated) in the exposed cells. Some of these proteins such as CALR, GRP78, NPM, Hsp27, PDI, ATP synthase subunit alpha, PRDX1, and GAPDH are associated with anti-proliferation, induction of apoptosis, and oxidative-stress protection. We also detected altered protein expression levels among caspases (caspase 3 and 9) and in the mitochondrial (cytosolic cytochrome C, AIF, Mcl-1, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, Bax, Bad, and p-Bad) and ER stress-related (p-PERK, p-eIF2α, ATF4 and CHOP) apoptotic pathways. CONCLUSIONS: UVA irradiation suppressed the proliferation of ARPE-19 cells in a dose-dependent manner, caused quantitative loses in transmembrane potential (ΔΨm), and induced both early and late apoptosis.


Assuntos
Degeneração Macular/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteômica/métodos , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/metabolismo , Raios Ultravioleta , Apoptose , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Cromatografia Líquida , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/efeitos da radiação , Transdução de Sinais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
Vet Parasitol ; 272: 44-52, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395204

RESUMO

In the present study, a quantitative proteomic approach to study changes in saliva proteins associated with canine leishmaniosis (CanL) was performed. For this, canine salivary proteins were analysed and compared between dogs before (T0) and after (T1) experimental infection with Leishmania infantum by high-throughput label-based quantitative LC-MS/MS proteomic approach and bioinformatic analysis of the in silico inferred interactome protein network was created from the initial list of differential proteins. More than 2000 proteins were identified, and of the 90 differentially expressed proteins between T0 and T1, 12 were down-regulated with log2 fold change lower than -0.5849, and 19 were up-regulated with log2 fold change greater than 0.5849. This study provides evidence of changes in salivary proteome that can occur in canine leishmaniosis and revealed biological pathways in saliva modulated in canine leishmaniosis with potential for further targeted research.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/fisiopatologia , Leishmaniose/veterinária , Saliva , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares/genética , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Simulação por Computador , Cães , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Leishmaniose/fisiopatologia , Proteoma/genética , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica , Saliva/química , Saliva/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1426-1438, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401883

RESUMO

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) has been recognised as a promising molecular target of targeted therapy for NSCLC. We performed SAR study of pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridines to override crizotinib resistance caused by ALK-L1196M mutation and identified a novel and potent L1196M inhibitor, 10g. 10g displayed exceptional enzymatic activities (<0.5 nM of IC50) against ALK-L1196M as well as against ALK-wt. In addition, 10g is an extremely potent inhibitor of ROS1 (<0.5 nM of IC50) and displays excellent selectivity over c-Met. Moreover, 10g strongly suppresses proliferation of ALK-L1196M-Ba/F3 and H2228 cells harbouring EML4-ALK via apoptosis and the ALK signalling blockade. The results of molecular docking studies reveal that, in contrast to crizotinib, 10g engages in a favourable interaction with M1196 in the kinase domain of ALK-L1196M and hydrogen bonding with K1150 and E1210. This SAR study has provided a useful insight into the design of novel and potent inhibitors against ALK gatekeeper mutant.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida , Cristalografia por Raios X , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Pirazóis/química , Piridinas/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 523-529, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468428

RESUMO

Mammalian tissues, especially the heart, contain high concentrations of taurine, a beta-amino acid that possesses a variety of physiological functions. While it is well known that taurine reacts with several metabolites, such as bile acids and fatty acids, taurine-conjugated metabolites in the heart have not been specifically studied. Recently, we performed Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry- (LC-MS-) based metabolome analysis, comparing metabolome profiles of hearts from taurine transporter knockout (TauTKO) mice and wild-type mice to identify differences in taurine-conjugated metabolite content of the two phenotypes. Comparison of the metabolite profiles revealed taurine-containing dipeptides, such as glutamyltaurine, which are present in wild-type but not in TauTKO hearts. These data suggest that taurine functions not only as a free osmolyte but also as a conjugated metabolite within the heart.


Assuntos
Coração , Metaboloma , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Taurina/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
19.
Microbiol Res ; 227: 126303, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421717

RESUMO

The inhibitory action that a Brevibacillus laterosporus strain isolated from the honeybee body causes against the American Foulbrood (AFB) etiological agent Paenibacillus larvae was studied by in-vitro experiments. A protein fraction isolated from B. laterosporus culture supernatant was involved in the observed inhibition of P. larvae vegetative growth and spore germination. As a result of LC-MS/MS proteomic analyses, the bacteriocin laterosporulin was found to be the major component of this fraction, followed by other antimicrobial proteins and substances including lectins, chaperonins, various enzymes and a number of putative uncharacterized proteins. The results obtained in this study highlight the potential of B. laterosporus as a biological control agent for preserving and improving honeybee health.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Bactérias/farmacologia , Abelhas/microbiologia , Brevibacillus/metabolismo , Paenibacillus larvae/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Bacteriocinas/isolamento & purificação , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Brevibacillus/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(35): 9812-9819, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392887

RESUMO

We investigated the absorption and metabolic behavior of hesperidin (hesperetin-7-O-rutinoside) in the blood system of Sprague-Dawley rats by liquid chromatography- and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometries (LC-MS and MALDI-MS). After a single oral administration of hesperidin (10 mg/kg), which was expected to be absorbed in its degraded hesperetin form, we detected intact hesperidin in the portal vein blood (tmax, 2 h) for the first time. We successfully detected glucuronized hesperidin in the circulating bloodstream, while intact hesperidin had disappeared. Further MS analyses revealed that homoeriodictyol and eriodictyol conjugates were detected in both portal and circulating blood systems. This indicated that hesperidin and/or hesperetin are susceptible to methylation and demethylation during the intestinal membrane transport process. Sulfated and glucuronized metabolites were also detected in both blood systems. In conclusion, hesperidin can enter into the circulating bloodstream in its conjugated forms, together with the conjugated forms of hesperetin, homoeriodictyol, and/or eriodictyol.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Hesperidina/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Hesperidina/administração & dosagem , Hesperidina/sangue , Hesperidina/química , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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