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1.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(9): 1157-1165, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597839

RESUMO

The 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) is a relatively rare hematological malignancy defined by the presence of chromosomal abnormalities associated with fibroblast growth factor-1 gene, located in the 8p11-12.1 chromosomal locus. To date, only around a hundred cases have been reported in the literature. Patients with EMS present with various forms of myeloid/lymphoid malignancies, such as myeloproliferative neoplasms, acute myeloid leukemia, and T- or B-linage lymphoblastic lymphoma, which are frequently associated with eosinophilia. Prognosis of EMS is poor and a standard treatment strategy has not yet been established. In contrast to myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms associated with PDGFR-A or PDGFR-B rearrangement, the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) imatinib is not an effective therapeutic option for EMS patients. Other types of TKI, i.e., PKC412, sorafenib, ponatinib, dasatinib, and dovitinib, show growth-inhibitory effects against the cells harboring several types of FGFR-1 fusion genes in in vitro studies; however, the usefulness of either drug has not been confirmed by clinical trials. Therefore, at present, allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only curative methods for EMS. Very recently, a phase-2 study with pemigatinib, an inhibitor for FGFR1, showed clinical benefits for EMS patients, including major cytogenetic response, suggesting a new therapeutic option for EMS.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/genética , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4329-4332, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Acute myeloid leukemia is well characterized by chromosomal aberrations that correspond to various subtypes of acute leukemias. The t(8;21)(q22;q22) is a frequent chromosomal abnormality strongly associated with acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (AML-M2), but is rarely associated with other subtypes. Translocation involving a third chromosome could produce new genetic rearrangements that lead to leukemogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Conventional cytogenetic analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed to identify the karyotype. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the AML1/ETO transcript. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: We herein report a novel rearrangement with a three-way translocation involving chromosomes 8, 21 and another unknown chromosome, in an 83-year-old female patient diagnosed as AML-M4, with an ALM1/ETO negative transcript. This is an uncommon case of AML-M4 with three-way translocation in a new variant of t(8;21) acute myeloid leukaemia. The detailed mechanism of different phenotype expression is unclear. Further study is needed to identify the leukemogenetic transformation resulting from t(8;21) translocation.


Assuntos
Análise Citogenética , Cariótipo , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Aguda/genética , Translocação Genética/genética , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/métodos , Cariotipagem/métodos , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Aguda/patologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16205, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277128

RESUMO

With the advances in sequencing technologies and genome-wide association studies (GWAS), several inherited variants that increase glioma risk have been identified. Ten studies including 8818 cases and 17,551 controls were collected to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between 6 variants in 8q24 and glioma risk. Of the 6 variants located in 8q24, 2 have strong significant associations with the risk of glioma, including rs4295627 (P = .003, odds ratio [OR] = 1.21), rs55705857 (P = 2.31 × 10, OR = 3.54). In particular, both homozygous GG (P = 1.91 × 10, OR1 = 2.01) and heterozygous GT (P = 7.75 × 10, OR2 = 1.35) genotypes of rs4295627 were associated with glioma risk. Further studies are needed to explore the role of the 8q24 variants involved in the etiology of glioma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Glioma/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Alelos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Nat Neurosci ; 22(7): 1066-1074, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209380

RESUMO

Cannabis is the most frequently used illicit psychoactive substance worldwide; around one in ten users become dependent. The risk for cannabis use disorder (CUD) has a strong genetic component, with twin heritability estimates ranging from 51 to 70%. Here we performed a genome-wide association study of CUD in 2,387 cases and 48,985 controls, followed by replication in 5,501 cases and 301,041 controls. We report a genome-wide significant risk locus for CUD (P = 9.31 × 10-12) that replicates in an independent population (Preplication = 3.27 × 10-3, Pmeta-analysis = 9.09 × 10-12). The index variant (rs56372821) is a strong expression quantitative trait locus for cholinergic receptor nicotinic α2 subunit (CHRNA2); analyses of the genetically regulated gene expression identified a significant association of CHRNA2 expression with CUD in brain tissue. At the polygenic level, analyses revealed a significant decrease in the risk of CUD with increased load of variants associated with cognitive performance. The results provide biological insights and inform on the genetic architecture of CUD.


Assuntos
Abuso de Maconha/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/fisiologia , Receptores Nicotínicos/fisiologia , Idade de Início , Alelos , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/genética , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Cognição/fisiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Confusão (Epidemiologia) , Dinamarca , Escolaridade , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Islândia , Masculino , Herança Multifatorial , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/biossíntese , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Receptores Nicotínicos/biossíntese , Receptores Nicotínicos/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Fumar/genética , Transcriptoma
5.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 158(2): 74-82, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141803

RESUMO

Deletion of distal 9p is associated with a rare clinical condition characterized by dysmorphic features, developmental delay, and ambiguous genitalia. The phenotype shows variable expressivity and is related to the size of the deletion. 8q24 duplication has been reported in only few cases to date, all showing dysmorphic features and mild psychomotor developmental delay. A case of chromosomal aberration involving a 9p terminal deletion with an 8q duplication has never been reported. Here, we describe a child with a female phenotype, male karyotype, dysmorphic features, ambiguous genitalia, and developmental delay. In order to assess the cause of the patient's phenotype, conventional karyotyping, FISH, and a chromosomal microarray analysis were performed on the patient and her parents. The cytogenetic and molecular analysis revealed an unbalanced chromosomal aberration with a duplication in the long arm of chromosome 8 at 8q24.11q24.3 associated with a distal deletion in the short arm of chromosome 9 at 9p24.3p24.1, derived from a maternal balanced translocation. We compared the clinical picture of our patient with other similar cases reported in the literature and found that some clinical findings, such as strabismus, symphalangism of the first finger, and cubitus valgus, have never been previously associated with 9p deletion or 8q duplication expanding the phenotypic range of this condition. This study is aimed to better define the clinical history and prognosis of patients with this rare chromosomal aberration.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 9/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/genética , Trissomia/genética , Deleção Cromossômica , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Feminino , Humanos
6.
Gene ; 707: 172-177, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30943439

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) is recently linked to various types of cancers, CCAT and PVT1 are two LncRNAs linked to t(8;21) associated Acute Myeloid Leukemia, the interplay between CCAT, PVT1 and the MYC proto-oncogene implicated in t(8;21) could present an opportunity for using LncRNA as prognostic biomarker or a target for therapy, We investigated the expression levels of LncRNAs in 70 patients; 30 with t(8;21) positive AML and 40 with t(8;21) negative AML, We found that CCAT1 and PVT1 are expressed in higher levels in t(8;21) positive -AML by 5.3 folds compared to t(8;21) negative group; the expression values were significantly associated with high-risk clinical criteria; moreover, they are associated with lower overall survival (OS) rate and leukemia-free survival (LFS), however we didn't find a statistically significant cut-off value of LncRNAs using the Cox regression analysis for Lnc_PVT1 except with LFS, we conclude that high expression levels of CCAT1 and PVT1 are associated with poor prognosis while being poor prognostic biomarkers in t(8;21) associated AML.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Análise de Regressão , Análise de Sobrevida , Translocação Genética , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1653, 2019 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971697

RESUMO

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is an aggressive subtype of acute leukemia, the cell of origin of which is considered to be precursors of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). Since translocation (6;8)(p21;q24) is a recurrent anomaly for BPDCN, we demonstrate that a pDC-specific super-enhancer of RUNX2 is associated with the MYC promoter due to t(6;8). RUNX2 ensures the expression of pDC-signature genes in leukemic cells, but also confers survival and proliferative properties in BPDCN cells. Furthermore, the pDC-specific RUNX2 super-enhancer is hijacked to activate MYC in addition to RUNX2 expression, thereby promoting the proliferation of BPDCN. We also demonstrate that the transduction of MYC and RUNX2 is sufficient to initiate the transformation of BPDCN in mice lacking Tet2 and Tp53, providing a model that accurately recapitulates the aggressive human disease and gives an insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of BPDCN.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 6/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Translocação Genética/genética , Irradiação Corporal Total
8.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 190, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30823903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IDH1/2 mutated glioma has been associated with a germline risk variant, the rs55705857 G allele. The Utah Population Database (UPDB), a computerized genealogy of people in Utah, is a unique resource to evaluate cancer risk in related individuals. METHODS: One hundred and two individuals with IDH1/2 mutant or 1p/19q co-deleted glioma were genotyped and linked to the UPDB. DNA came from blood (21), tumor tissue (43), or both (38). We determined congruence between somatic and germline samples and estimated the relative risk for developing cancer to first and second-degree relatives of G and A allele carriers at rs55705857. RESULTS: Somatic (glioma) DNA had 85.7% sensitivity (CI 57.2-98.2%) and 95.8% specificity (CI 78.9-99.89%) for germline rs55705857 G allele. Forty-one patients were linked to pedigrees in the UPDB with at least three generations of data. First-degree relatives of rs55705857 G allele carriers were at significantly increased risk for developing cancer (RR = 1.72, p = 0.045, CI 1.02-2.94), and specifically for oligodendroglioma (RR = 57.61, p = 0.017, CI 2.96-320.98) or prostate cancer (RR = 4.10, p = 0.008, CI 1.62-9.58); relatives of individuals without the G allele were not at increased risk. Second-degree relatives of G allele carriers also had significantly increased risk for developing cancer (RR = 1.50, p = 0.007, CI 1.15-2.01). CONCLUSIONS: Tumor DNA may approximate genotype at the rs55705857 locus. We confirmed this locus confers an increased risk of all cancers and especially of oligodendroglioma. No increased cancer or brain tumor risk is seen in family members of individuals without the high-risk G allele.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa/genética , Glioma/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Alelos , Astrocitoma/genética , Bases de Dados Factuais , Família , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Homozigoto , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Masculino , Mutação , Neoplasias/genética , Oligodendroglioma/genética , Utah
9.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 27, 2019 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myopia is one of most common eye diseases in the world and affects 1 in 4 Americans. It is a complex disease caused by both environmental and genetics effects; the genetics effects are still not well understood. In this study, we performed genetic linkage analyses on Ashkenazi Jewish families with a strong familial history of myopia to elucidate any potential causal genes. METHODS: Sixty-four extended Ashkenazi Jewish families were previously collected from New Jersey. Genotypes from the Illumina ExomePlus array were merged with prior microsatellite linkage data from these families. Additional custom markers were added for candidate regions reported in literature for myopia or refractive error. Myopia was defined as mean spherical equivalent (MSE) of -1D or worse and parametric two-point linkage analyses (using TwoPointLods) and multi-point linkage analyses (using SimWalk2) were performed as well as collapsed haplotype pattern (CHP) analysis in SEQLinkage and association analyses performed with FBAT and rv-TDT. RESULTS: Strongest evidence of linkage was on 1p36(two-point LOD = 4.47) a region previously linked to refractive error (MYP14) but not myopia. Another genome-wide significant locus was found on 8q24.22 with a maximum two-point LOD score of 3.75. CHP analysis also detected the signal on 1p36, localized to the LINC00339 gene with a maximum HLOD of 3.47, as well as genome-wide significant signals on 7q36.1 and 11p15, which overlaps with the MYP7 locus. CONCLUSIONS: We identified 2 novel linkage peaks for myopia on chromosomes 7 and 8 in these Ashkenazi Jewish families and replicated 2 more loci on chromosomes 1 and 11, one previously reported in refractive error but not myopia in these families and the other locus previously reported in the literature. Strong candidate genes have been identified within these linkage peaks in our families. Targeted sequencing in these regions will be necessary to definitively identify causal variants under these linkage peaks.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos/genética , Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos , Judeus/genética , Miopia/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 11/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 7/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Exoma , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Escore Lod , Masculino , Miopia/etnologia , Linhagem , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 880, 2019 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787307

RESUMO

Asthma is a complex disease with striking disparities across racial and ethnic groups. Despite its relatively high burden, representation of individuals of African ancestry in asthma genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has been inadequate, and true associations in these underrepresented minority groups have been inconclusive. We report the results of a genome-wide meta-analysis from the Consortium on Asthma among African Ancestry Populations (CAAPA; 7009 asthma cases, 7645 controls). We find strong evidence for association at four previously reported asthma loci whose discovery was driven largely by non-African populations, including the chromosome 17q12-q21 locus and the chr12q13 region, a novel (and not previously replicated) asthma locus recently identified by the Trans-National Asthma Genetic Consortium (TAGC). An additional seven loci reported by TAGC show marginal evidence for association in CAAPA. We also identify two novel loci (8p23 and 8q24) that may be specific to asthma risk in African ancestry populations.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/genética , Asma/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Asma/epidemiologia , Cromossomos Humanos Par 12/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Loci Gênicos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Hispano-Americanos/genética , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Ann Hematol ; 98(5): 1149-1157, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30759270

RESUMO

t(8;16)(p11.2;p13.3)/KAT6A-CREBBP is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We report 15 cases with t(8;16)(p11.2;p13.3). All patients were adult and had AML: 13 women and 2 men, with a median age of 50 years. Ten patients had a history of malignancy and received cytotoxic therapies before therapy-related AML (t-AML), and five patients had de novo AML. All cases of AML showed monoblastic (n = 12) or myelomonocytic (n = 3) differentiation. Hemophagocytosis was observed in seven patients. All patients had t(8;16) in the stemline: seven had t(8;16) as the sole abnormality, two had one additional abnormality, and six had a complex karyotype. KAT6A/CREBBP rearrangement was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 13 patients who had material available for analysis. All patients received induction chemotherapy, and 11 achieved complete remission after first induction. At the time of last follow-up, nine patients (eight t-AML and one de novo AML) died and six were alive, with a median overall survival of 18.2 months. The patients with de novo AML and/or patients with non-complex karyotype showed an "undefined" overall survival. We conclude that t(8;16)(p11.2;p13.3) commonly exhibits monoblastic or myelomonocytic differentiation and commonly arises in patients with a history of cancer treated with cytotoxic therapies. Patients with de novo AML with t(8;16) or t-AML with t(8;16) without adverse prognostic factors (e.g., complex karyotype) have a good outcome.


Assuntos
Proteína de Ligação a CREB , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8 , Histona Acetiltransferases , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica , Translocação Genética , Adulto , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/genética , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/metabolismo , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16/metabolismo , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/metabolismo , Feminino , Histona Acetiltransferases/genética , Histona Acetiltransferases/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(3): e558, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30690934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chromosome 8p deletions are associated with a variety of conditions, including cardiac abnormalities, mental, behavioral problems with variable morphotype and genitourinary anomalies in boys. METHODS: We describe the follow-up over almost 15 years of a boy who initially presented with perineal hypospadias with a micropenis and cryptorchidism with 46,XY DSD. RESULTS: Imaging, pathology, and hormonal exploration suggested gonadal dysgenesis. Further genetic studies were deemed necessary during follow-up. The child's further development recommended further genetic analyses. High-resolution analysis showed an interstitial deletion on the short arm of a chromosome 8: 46,XY,del(8)(p23.1p23.1). We reviewed the literature and found 102 cases including 54 boys: 62.7% had mental problems, 50.9% a dysmorphic disorder, 55.9% cardiac anomalies, and 46.3% of the boys had genitourinary anomalies. Our patient's genital abnormalities can be explained by the haploinsufficiency of the genes, such as GATA4 (OMIM 600576) that are included in the deleted area. CONCLUSION: This case of severe 46,XY DSD raises the question of the role played by 8p23 microdeletion in gonadal dysgenesis. Clinicians are encouraged to look for this anomaly on chromosome 8 in cases of unexplained gonadal dysgenesis even when few signs suggestive of this anomaly are present.


Assuntos
Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/genética , Adolescente , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/patologia , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/terapia , Humanos , Cariótipo , Masculino
13.
Oncol Rep ; 41(3): 2027-2040, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569130

RESUMO

The t(8;21) translocation is one of the most frequent chromosome abnormalities associated with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). This abberation deregulates numerous molecular pathways including the ERK signalling pathway among others. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the gene expression patterns following siRNA­mediated suppression of RUNX1­RUNX1T1 and MAPK1 in Kasumi­1 and SKNO­1 cells and to determine the differentially expressed genes in enriched biological pathways. BeadChip microarray and gene ontology analysis revealed that RUNX1­RUNX1T1 and MAPK1 suppression reduced the proliferation rate of the t(8;21) cells with deregulated expression of several classical positive regulator genes that are otherwise known to enhance cell proliferation. RUNX1­RUNX1T1 suppression exerted an anti­apoptotic effect through the overexpression of BCL2, BIRC3 and CFLAR genes, while MAPK1 suppression induced apopotosis in t(8;21) cells by the apoptotic mitochondrial changes stimulated by the activity of upregulated TP53 and TNFSF10, and downregulated JUN gene. RUNX1­RUNX1T1 suppression supported myeloid differentiation by the differential expression of CEBPA, CEBPE, ID2, JMJD6, IKZF1, CBFB, KIT and CDK6, while MAPK1 depletion inhibited the differentiation of t(8;21) cells by elevated expression of ADA and downregulation of JUN. RUNX1­RUNX1T1 and MAPK1 depletion induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase. Accumulation of cells in the G1 phase was largely the result of downregulated expression of TBRG4, CCNE2, FOXO4, CDK6, ING4, IL8, MAD2L1 and CCNG2 in the case of RUNX1­RUNX1T1 depletion and increased expression of RASSF1, FBXO6, DADD45A and P53 in the case of MAPK1 depletion. Taken together, the current results demonstrate that MAPK1 promotes myeloid cell proliferation and differentiation simultaneously by cell cycle progression while suppresing apoptosis.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética , Translocação Genética , Apoptose/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/metabolismo
14.
Lung Cancer ; 126: 106-111, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30527173

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive malignancy of the thoracic cavity caused by prior asbestos exposure. In the peritoneum the mesothelioma is an extremely rare condition. In the present preliminary study, high-resolution array-comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) was performed to identify genetic imbalances in a series of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1990 and 2008, among the cases recorded in the Apulia Mesothelioma Register, we found 22 peritoneal mesothelioma cases. CGH-array was performed on samples from all patients. RESULTS: The CGH-array analysis revealed multiple chromosomal imbalances. Interestingly, deletion at 8p23.1 was observed in 12 cases. Furthermore, another novel deletion at 1q21 was present in 11. Often, 1q21 and 8p23.1 losses were present in the same patient (7 cases). Losses of BAP1 and CDKN2A loci were not detected. DISCUSSION: The region at 8p23.1 contains the beta-defensin gene cluster (DEF) and 1q21 contains ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 (UBE2Q1). We hypotesized that the loss of function of ubiquitination, as well as of the defensins, could play an important role in the initial development and subsequent progression of mesothelioma.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mesotelioma/genética , Mutação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Mesotelioma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina/genética
15.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 1262, 2018 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30558566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ocular melanoma is a rare but often deadly malignancy that arises in the uvea (commonest primary site), conjunctiva or the orbit. Primary orbital melanoma (POM) is exceedingly rare, with approximately 60 cases reported to date. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the genetics of primary uveal and conjunctival melanomas, this information is lacking for POM. METHODS: DNA was extracted from 12 POM tissues, with matched germline DNA (where available). MLPA was conducted to detect chromosomal alterations and Sanger sequencing used to identify point mutations in candidate melanoma driver genes (BRAF, NRAS, KRAS, GNA11, GNAQ), and other genes implicated in melanoma prognosis (EIF1AX, SF3B1). Immunohistochemistry was performed to analyse BAP1 nuclear expression. RESULTS: MLPA detected copy number alterations in chromosomes 1p, 3, 6 and 8. Sequencing of melanoma driver genes revealed GNAQ (p.Q209L) mutations in two samples; although it is possible that these samples represent extraocular spread of an occult uveal melanoma. A recurrent mutation in SF3B1 (p.R625H) was observed in indolent, but not aggressive, tumours; a mutation in EIF1AX (p.N4S) was detected in one patient with non-aggressive disease. CONCLUSIONS: EIF1AX and SF3B1 mutations appear have a role in determining the clinical course of POM and detection of these changes could have clinical significance. Further in depth analysis of this rare group using differing 'omic technologies will provide novel insights into tumour pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Fator de Iniciação 1 em Eucariotos/genética , Subunidades alfa Gq-G11 de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Melanoma/genética , Mutação , Neoplasias Orbitárias/genética , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 3/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 6/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(44): e12762, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30383631

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The balanced translocation t(8;21;22)(q22;q22;q11.2) is not reported previously, although t(8;21)(q22;q22) is seen in approximately 7% of adults and most frequent abnormality in children with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). AML-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare event, reported only of limited numbers. The present study reports a very rare case of t(8;21;22)(q22;q22;q11.2) with AML, not reported previously, and developed HLH at the same time. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSIS: A 15-year-old girl presented with a history of bleeding gums and high fever, leukocytosis, anemia, and thrombocytopenia. While waiting the result of bone marrow aspirate, the HLH-associated examinations were abnormal. Bone marrow aspirate showed a hypercellular marrow with 1% myeloblasts. The cytogenetic and molecular studies revealed the presence of abnormal karyotype-46, XX, t(8;21;22)(q22;q22;q11.2) and RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusion gene. Genetic detections of HLH showed heterozygous genetic variants in lysosomal trafficking regulator (LYST). Hence, she was diagnosed with AML with t(8;21;22)(q22;q22;q11.2) and HLH. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: All HLH clinical symptoms disappeared after the 4 weeks treatment of HLH. Then the patient received standard AML induction chemotherapy and the leukemia relapsed after 2 cycles of high-dosed consolidation therapy. Eventually, the patient received emergent paternal haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation based on the complex variant translocation, leukemia replased state and HLH with compound heterozygotes mutation, and achieved sustained remission with RUNX1-RUNX1T1 negative for more than 1 year. LESSONS: Patients with some specific recurrent cytogenetic abnormalities should be diagnosed with AML regardless of the blast count, for example t(8;21). We should improve the understanding of complex variant translocations. HLH-related genetic mutations were not only found in primary HLH, but also in second HLH.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/genética , Translocação Genética/genética , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 22/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/complicações , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/terapia
17.
Cornea ; 37(12): 1596-1600, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30272617

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the clinical, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) and histopathological features of 2 infants with congenital corneal opacities (CCOs) and undiagnosed trisomy 8 mosaicism syndrome (T8mS). METHODS: This is a retrospective case report documenting ocular and systemic findings, imaging, pathology and management of 2 patients with T8mS. RESULTS: An 11-month-old white male infant and a 4-week-old Asian female were initially seen for unilateral and bilateral CCOs, respectively. Corneal examination revealed para-axial anterior stromal opacities with blood vessels. Superficial irregular opacities were seen on OCT, and specular microscopy revealed normal endothelial cell morphology. One eye required superficial keratectomy to clear the visual axis and developed steroid-induced glaucoma in the early postoperative period, successfully treated with goniotomy. Both patients had hyperopia, anisometropia, and amblyopia, which was managed with glasses and patching. Cytogenetic testing (through microarray and fluorescence in situ hybridization) later diagnosed T8mS in both cases. CONCLUSIONS: T8mS should be considered in the differential diagnosis for superficial CCOs with blood vessels. Anterior segment OCT can guide management and cytogenetics performed to confirm diagnosis. Systemic associations and, in particular, risk of acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes warrant prompt diagnosis of this condition.


Assuntos
Córnea/patologia , Opacidade da Córnea/congênito , Trissomia/diagnóstico , Dissomia Uniparental/diagnóstico , Acuidade Visual , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Opacidade da Córnea/diagnóstico , Opacidade da Córnea/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mosaicismo , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Trissomia/genética , Dissomia Uniparental/genética
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(35): e11990, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170403

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple independent cancer susceptibility loci at chromosome 8q24.We conducted a comprehensive research synopsis and meta-analysis to evaluate associations between 6 variants in 8q24 and risk of colorectal cancer using data from 31 eligible articles totaling 41,942 cases and 49,968 controls.Of the 6 variants located in 8q24, 3 were significantly associated with risk of colorectal cancer. In particular, both homozygous TT and heterozygous CT genotypes of rs10505477, as well as the GG and TG genotypes of rs6983267, were associated with risk of colorectal cancer.Our study provides summary evidence that common variants in the 8q24 are associated with risk of colorectal cancer in this large-scale research synopsis and meta-analysis. Further studies are needed to explore the exact role of the variants in the 8q24 involved in the etiology of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Variação Genética/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco
19.
Curr Med Sci ; 38(4): 590-596, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30128866

RESUMO

Copy number aberrations (CNAs) in chromosome arm 8q have been associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes of several cancers and progressive tumor characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was to identify correlation of CNAs in 8q with clinical outcomes of HCC patients, and further screen for differentially expressed genes in outcome-related CNAs. Array comparative genomic hybridization and expression arrays were performed to detect CNAs and expression levels, respectively. The correlations between CNAs in 8q and outcomes were analyzed in 66 patients, with a median follow-up time of 45.0 months (range, 2.6-108.6 months). One hundred and nine cases were further evaluated to identify differentially expressed genes in the potential outcome-related CNAs. Copy number gain in 8q was observed in 22 (33.3%) of the 66 HCC cases. The most recurrent gains (with frequencies >20%) were 8q13.3-21.3,8q21.3-23.3,8q23.3-24.13,8q24.13-24.3, and 8q24.3. Survival analysis showed that 8q24.13-24.3 gain was significantly associated with reduced overall survival (jP=0.010). Multivariate Cox analysis identified 8q24.13-24.3 gain as an independent prognostic factor for poor overall survival (HR=2.47; 95% CI=1.16-5.26; Р=0.019). Apanel of 17 genes within the 8q24.13-24.3 region, including ATAD2,SQLE,PVT1,ASAP1, and NDRG1 were significantly upregulated in HCCs with 8q24.13-24.3 gain compared to those without. These results suggest that copy number gain at 8q24.13-24.3 is an unfavorable prognostic marker for HCC patients, and the potential oncogenes ATAD2,SQLE, PVT1, ASAP1,and NDRG1 within the regional gain, may contribute coordinately to the 8q24.13-24.3 gain-related poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/genética , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regulação para Cima
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 8535091, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29854799

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of Chinese patients with Behçet disease (BD) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and explore the role played by trisomy 8. This was a retrospective study of patients with BD and MDS from the Shanghai Behçet's disease database who were diagnosed between October 2012 and July 2017. There were 805 patients with BD and 16 also had MDS. Trisomy 8 was examined in patients with BD-MDS and some patients with gastrointestinal (GI) BD. Patients with BD and MDS (16/805; 2%) were more likely to be female and older; display fever and intestinal lesions; have lower leukocyte count, hemoglobin, platelet count; and show higher C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) than patients with BD without MDS (all P < 0.05). Trisomy 8 was common (81.3%) in patients with BD-MDS. Ulcers in the ileocecal region were more frequently seen in intestinal patients with BD-MDS than in BD without MDS (90.0% versus 48.9%; P = 0.032). GI ulceration is common in patients with BD-MDS. Cytogenetic aberrations, especially trisomy 8, may play a role in the pathogenesis of intestinal involvement in patients with BD-MDS.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Trissomia/genética , Úlcera/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Síndrome de Behçet/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Behçet/patologia , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/genética , China/epidemiologia , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/genética , Gastroenteropatias/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/epidemiologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Trissomia/patologia , Úlcera/complicações , Úlcera/patologia
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