Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.293
Filtrar
1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e48514, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1117619

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar as dissertações e teses defendidas nos cursos de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Enfermagem, no Brasil, relativas ao tema criança com estoma, destacando seus aspectos epistemológicos. Método: estudo documental, descritivo, considerando o recorte temporal entre 2009 e 2019. Utilizou-se a Metodologia de Categorização Epistemológica para a Pesquisa na Enfermagem. Resultados: selecionaram-se doze estudos: dez dissertações de mestrado e duas teses de doutorado. Nota-se o predomínio de estudos na área/campo epistêmico assistencial, na linha de pesquisa: Processo de Cuidar em Saúde e Enfermagem. Identificou-se um maior interesse de estudos no contexto domiciliar e ambulatorial. Há predomínio da abordagem qualitativa e uso da entrevista para coleta de dados. Conclusão: os aspectos epistemológicos destacados possibilitam afirmar que as dissertações e teses relacionadas ao tema estão predominantemente orientadas para um pragmatismo epistemológico da assistência de enfermagem à criança com estoma e sua família, com objetos científicos delimitados para alcançar a compreensão desse fenômeno.


Objective: to examine postgraduate Nursing dissertations and theses defended in Brazil on the subject of children with stoma, highlighting their epistemological aspects. Method: this descriptive study considered studies published between 2009 and 2019 using the Epistemological Categorization methodology for research in Nursing. Results: twelve studies were selected: ten master's dissertations and two doctoral theses. The predominant epistemic area/field was "care", in the research line: "care process in health, and nursing". Studies were found to show greater interest in the home and outpatient context. The qualitative approach and data collection by interview predominated. Conclusion: from the epistemological aspects highlighted, it can be said that the dissertations and theses on the subject of children with stomata were predominantly oriented towards an epistemological pragmatism in nursing care for children with stoma and their families, with scientific objects delimited to achieve an understanding of this phenomenon.


Objetivo: analizar las disertaciones y tesis de posgrado en Enfermería defendidas en Brazil sobre el tema de niños con estoma, destacando sus aspectos epistemológicos. Método: este estudio descriptivo consideró estudios publicados entre 2009 y 2019 utilizando la metodología de Categorización Epistemológica para la investigación en Enfermería. Resultados: se seleccionaron doce estudios: diez tesis de maestría y dos tesis doctorales. El área / campo epistémico predominante fue el "cuidado", en la línea de investigación: "proceso de cuidado en salud y enfermería". Se encontró que los estudios muestran un mayor interés en el contexto domiciliario y ambulatorio. Predominó el enfoque cualitativo y la recolección de datos por entrevista. Conclusión: a partir de los aspectos epistemológicos destacados, se puede decir que las disertaciones y tesis sobre el tema de los niños con estoma estuvieron orientadas predominantemente hacia un pragmatismo epistemológico en la atención de enfermería al niño con estoma y sus familias, con objetos científicos delimitados para lograr un entendimiento. de este fenómeno.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Estomia/educação , Cuidado da Criança , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Brasil , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Coleta de Dados , Estomas Cirúrgicos , Cuidados de Enfermagem
2.
Recurso na Internet em Espanhol | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47881

RESUMO

Organización civil, científica y cultural, creada el 20 de enero de 1939, integrada no sólo por Médicos Puericultores y Pediatras, sino por profesionales universitarios que tienen como norte una inquebrantable misión: “Velar por el sagrado derecho del bienestar integral del niño y del adolescente, orientando a la sociedad y a los poderes públicos para ayudar a encontrar respuestas efectivas a los problemas sanitarios que les afectan”. Casa Editora de la Revista Anales Venezolanos de Puericultura y Pediatría


Assuntos
Revistas Eletrônicas , Pediatria , Cuidado da Criança
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992966

RESUMO

In Kenya, millions of children have limited access to nurturing care. With the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, it is anticipated that vulnerable children will bear the biggest brunt of the direct and indirect impacts of the pandemic. This review aimed to deepen understanding of the effects of COVID-19 on nurturing care from conception to four years of age, a period where the care of children is often delivered through caregivers or other informal platforms. The review has drawn upon the empirical evidence from previous pandemics and epidemics, and anecdotal and emerging evidence from the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. Multifactorial impacts fall into five key domains: direct health; health and nutrition systems; economic protection; social and child protection; and child development and early learning. The review proposes program and policy strategies to guide the reorientation of nurturing care, prevent the detrimental effects associated with deteriorating nurturing care environments, and support the optimal development of the youngest and most vulnerable children. These include the provision of cash transfers and essential supplies for vulnerable households and strengthening of community-based platforms for nurturing care. Further research on COVID-19 and the ability of children's ecology to provide nurturing care is needed, as is further testing of new ideas.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Cuidado da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Quênia , Pandemias , Políticas
4.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47811

RESUMO

Página temática do portal do Centro Colaborador para Qualidade e Segurança do Paciente – Proqualis, intitulada 'Cuidado Seguro em Pediatria'. O espaço visa reunir conteúdos e evidências científicas relacionados ao tema da qualidade do cuidado e segurança do paciente pediátrico. Nela, você irá encontrar os mais recentes estudos científicos sobre o tema, diretrizes, aulas e ferramentas de apoio.


Assuntos
Pediatria , Cuidado da Criança , Segurança do Paciente , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
5.
Dis Model Mech ; 13(6)2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764155

RESUMO

The outbreak of COVID-19 has stalled both the basic, clinical and non-COVID medical research. The scientific community has shown extraordinary flexibility and resilience in responding to the pandemic. However, funding restructuring, risk of infection, cancelation of scientific conferences and delayed experiments have already proven detrimental to the career opportunities of early-career scientists. Moreover, school closures and a lack of systematic support for childcare have been additional challenges for early- and mid-career researchers who have young children. This Editorial describes an early-career researcher's experience and highlights how after efficiently contributing to 'flattening the curve' of COVID-19 infections, the research community has an opportunity for growth and re-structuring.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Pesquisa Biomédica , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/economia , Cuidado da Criança/provisão & distribução , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Pessoal de Laboratório Médico , Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia , Pesquisadores
6.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(34): 1170-1172, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853185

RESUMO

On June 1, 2020, with declines in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases and hospitalizations in Rhode Island,* child care programs in the state reopened after a nearly 3-month closure implemented as part of mitigation efforts. To reopen safely, the Rhode Island Department of Human Services (RIDHS) required licensed center- and home-based child care programs to reduce enrollment, initially to a maximum of 12 persons, including staff members, in stable groups (i.e., staff members and students not switching between groups) in physically separated spaces, increasing to a maximum of 20 persons on June 29. Additional requirements included universal use of masks for adults, daily symptom screening of adults and children, and enhanced cleaning and disinfection according to CDC guidelines.† As of July 31, 666 of 891 (75%) programs were approved to reopen, with capacity for 18,945 children, representing 74% of the state's January 2020 child care program population (25,749 children).


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/organização & administração , Pré-Escolar , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Busca de Comunicante , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Rhode Island/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 117(21): 365-372, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32843135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adequate immunity to so-called childhood diseases can lower the occupational risk of vaccine-preventable infectious diseases in persons who work in day-care centers for children. METHODS: A systematic literature survey was carried out in PubMed and Embase for the period January 2000 to February 2019. Studies on immune status and vaccination status were included. In addition, data from the first wave of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (Studie zur Gesundheit Erwachsener in Deutschland, DEGS1) and surveillance data on notifiable infections in Germany were evaluated. RESULTS: Six studies and the DEGS1 analysis of vaccination or immune status for varicella zoster, rubella, hepatitis A (HAV), pertussis, measles, and mumps in persons caring for children in day-care centers, most of whom are women, were included in this review. According to DEGS1, childcare workers are more commonly vaccinated against HAV and pertussis than the general female population (prevalence ratios [PR]: 1.46 [1.12; 1.90] and 1.57 [1.05; 2.36]), yet 57% had not been vaccinated against HAV and 77% had not been vaccinated against pertussis. Childcare workers were found to be less commonly vaccinated against rubella than the general female population, although the difference was not statistically significant (PR: 0.87 [0.71; 1.07]). In a Canadian study, positive HAV serology was found to be correlated with the duration of activity as a childcare worker. In the DEGS1 study, large proportions of the younger childcare workers in particular were seronegative against measles (16%), mumps (19%), and HAV (37%). Notifiable disease statistics show that those working in community facilities had a markedly higher risk of mumps, pertussis, and varicella (relative risk [RR]: 1.8-2.6) and a somewhat higher risk of rubella and HAV (RR: 1.47 and 1.21, respectively). CONCLUSION: Childcare workers have a higher occupational risk of infection but do not always receive the appropriate vaccinations. In particular, women of child-bearing age working in day-care centers should be made more aware of the need for vaccination.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Preveníveis por Vacina/epidemiologia , Criança , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos
8.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 has changed American society in ways that are difficult to capture in a timely manner. With this study, we take advantage of daily survey data collected before and after the crisis started to investigate the hypothesis that the crisis has worsened parents' and children's psychological well-being. We also examine the extent of crisis-related hardships and evaluate the hypothesis that the accumulation of hardships will be associated with parent and child psychological well-being. METHODS: Daily survey data were collected between February 20 and April 27, 2020, from hourly service workers with a young child (aged 2-7) in a large US city (N = 8222 person-days from 645 individuals). A subsample completed a one-time survey about the effects of the crisis fielded between March 23 and April 26 (subsample n = 561). RESULTS: Ordered probit models revealed that the frequency of parent-reported daily negative mood increased significantly since the start of the crisis. Many families have experienced hardships during the crisis, including job loss, income loss, caregiving burden, and illness. Both parents' and children's well-being in the postcrisis period was strongly associated with the number of crisis-related hardships that the family experienced. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with our hypotheses, in families that have experienced multiple hardships related to the coronavirus disease 2019 crisis, both parents' and children's mental health is worse. As the crisis continues to unfold, pediatricians should screen for mental health, with particular attention to children whose families are especially vulnerable to economic and disease aspects of the crisis.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Afeto , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Renda , Desemprego/psicologia , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
9.
BMC Med ; 18(1): 218, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: School closures have been enacted as a measure of mitigation during the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. It has been shown that school closures could cause absenteeism among healthcare workers with dependent children, but there remains a need for spatially granular analyses of the relationship between school closures and healthcare worker absenteeism to inform local community preparedness. METHODS: We provide national- and county-level simulations of school closures and unmet child care needs across the USA. We develop individual simulations using county-level demographic and occupational data, and model school closure effectiveness with age-structured compartmental models. We perform multivariate quasi-Poisson ecological regressions to find associations between unmet child care needs and COVID-19 vulnerability factors. RESULTS: At the national level, we estimate the projected rate of unmet child care needs for healthcare worker households to range from 7.4 to 8.7%, and the effectiveness of school closures as a 7.6% and 8.4% reduction in fewer hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) beds, respectively, at peak demand when varying across initial reproduction number estimates by state. At the county level, we find substantial variations of projected unmet child care needs and school closure effects, 9.5% (interquartile range (IQR) 8.2-10.9%) of healthcare worker households and 5.2% (IQR 4.1-6.5%) and 6.8% (IQR 4.8-8.8%) reduction in fewer hospital and ICU beds, respectively, at peak demand. We find significant positive associations between estimated levels of unmet child care needs and diabetes prevalence, county rurality, and race (p<0.05). We estimate costs of absenteeism and child care and observe from our models that an estimated 76.3 to 96.8% of counties would find it less expensive to provide child care to all healthcare workers with children than to bear the costs of healthcare worker absenteeism during school closures. CONCLUSIONS: School closures are projected to reduce peak ICU and hospital demand, but could disrupt healthcare systems through absenteeism, especially in counties that are already particularly vulnerable to COVID-19. Child care subsidies could help circumvent the ostensible trade-off between school closures and healthcare worker absenteeism.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Cuidado da Criança/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Simulação por Computador , Estudos de Viabilidade , Previsões , Geografia , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236488, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long term outcomes of children with neurodevelopmental disability are influenced by the condition itself, available health services and caretakers' coping ability to nurture the children which may be related to their beliefs and experiences. Most children with neurodevelopmental disabilities live in resource constrained settings. To inform design of contextually appropriate interventions, this study explored health workers' and caretakers' experiences in caring for infants with neurodevelopmental disability in rural eastern Uganda. METHODS: A qualitative case study was carried out in December 2017 and involved in-depth interviews with 14 caretakers of infants with severe neurodevelopmental disability, and five health workers in Iganga/Mayuge Demographic Surveillance Site in eastern Uganda. The interviews with caretakers were conducted in Lusoga, the local language, and in English for the health workers, using a pre-determined open-ended interview guide. Data were analyzed using latent content analysis. RESULTS: Caretakers described the experience of caring for children with neurodevelopmental disability as impoverishing and 'imprisoning' due to high care costs, inability to return to income generating activities and nursing challenges. The latter resulted from failure in body control and several aspects of nutrition and maintaining vital functions, coupled with limited support from the community and the health system. Many caretakers expressed beliefs in supernatural causes of neurodevelopmental disability though they reported about complications during and shortly after the birth of the affected child. Care-seeking was often challenging and impeded by costs and the feeling of lack of improvement. The health care system was also found to be incapable of adequately addressing the needs of such children due to lack of commodities, and human resource limitations. CONCLUSION: The caretakers expressed a feeling of emotional stress due to being left alone with a high nursing burden. Improvement in the health services including a holistic approach to care, improved community awareness and parental support could contribute to nursing of children with NDD.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Cuidado da Criança , Pessoas com Deficiência , Pessoal de Saúde , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/terapia , População Rural , Criança , Comunicação , Seguimentos , Humanos , Percepção , Apoio Social , Uganda
13.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235439, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614867

RESUMO

While access to support for individuals with disabilities has attracted international attention, children with disabilities and their families continue to face a range of barriers that limit their timely access to the needed support, including health service. This is even worse for children with disabilities living in resource poor settings like Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which families of children with disabilities have knowledge about and access to government support for their children with disabilities in Bangladesh. We employed a cross-sectional study among 393 families of children with disabilities who sought services from the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed for their children with disabilities in Bangladesh. We used chi-square test to measure the association between categorical variables and, Mann-Whitney U-test to compare mean across different sub-groups. Overall, family members of children with disabilities have limited knowledge about and access to government support. We found a significant association between knowledge and access to government support (p<0.001). Family members with children with disabilities aged younger than six years had less access to government support (p<0.001). We thus concluded with an urgent call on government agencies and service providers to provide relevant and timely information to families of children with disabilities to enable them to access the needed support.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Crianças com Deficiência/reabilitação , Programas Governamentais , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde para Pessoas com Deficiência , Adulto , Bangladesh , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Assistência Individualizada de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Apoio ao Desenvolvimento de Recursos Humanos
14.
Matern Child Health J ; 24(9): 1130-1137, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32632842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous obesity prevention studies in preschool-age children have included non-Hispanic Black (NHB) children, but few have investigated between-subgroup differences even though there may be cultural risk and protective practice differences, challenging the generalizability of findings. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in early childhood obesity-related factors in NHB subgroups (Haitian, other Caribbean Islander and African-American [AA]) children. METHODS: Baseline data from two randomized controlled trials in 52 childcare centers of which 35 had data to test a preschool-based obesity prevention intervention was analyzed. The sub-sample included 370 caregiver-child dyads; 209 self-identified as AA, 120 as Haitian and 41 as Caribbean Islander/West Indian or mixed race. Multilevel regression models generated outcome estimates for group differences in body mass index (BMI) percentile, birthweight, breastfeeding initiation and duration, bottle feeding duration and age when solid foods were introduced. RESULTS: Mean BMI percentile was similar for AA, Haitian and Caribbean Islander/West Indian/Multiracial (60.1th percentile, 60.8th percentile, 62.8th percentile, respectively) as was birthweight (6.3, 6.8, and 6.6 lb, respectively). Children of US-born caregivers had significantly lower BMI percentiles (9.13 percentile points) versus foreign-born caregivers. Haitian women were significantly more likely to initiate breastfeeding (64.9%) versus AA (47.6%) and Caribbean Islander/West Indian/Multiracial (62.2%) (p < .01). No significant group differences were found in breastfeeding or bottle feeding duration or age solid foods were introduced. CONCLUSIONS: Findings here suggest that NHB race classification can identify important subgroup behavioral similarities which in turn may inform culturally sensitive strategies to promote early childhood healthy weight. Foreign-born caregivers may benefit from healthy weight promotion information, and as early as possible in their child's development.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal/etnologia , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/etnologia , Ganho de Peso/etnologia , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Cuidado da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Haiti/etnologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Índias Ocidentais/etnologia
15.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the coronavirus disease pandemic spread across the United States and protective measures to mitigate its impact were enacted, parents and children experienced widespread disruptions in daily life. Our objective with this national survey was to determine how the pandemic and mitigation efforts affected the physical and emotional well-being of parents and children in the United States through early June 2020. METHODS: In June 2020, we conducted a national survey of parents with children age <18 to measure changes in health status, insurance status, food security, use of public food assistance resources, child care, and use of health care services since the pandemic began. RESULTS: Since March 2020, 27% of parents reported worsening mental health for themselves, and 14% reported worsening behavioral health for their children. The proportion of families with moderate or severe food insecurity increased from 6% before March 2020 to 8% after, employer-sponsored insurance coverage of children decreased from 63% to 60%, and 24% of parents reported a loss of regular child care. Worsening mental health for parents occurred alongside worsening behavioral health for children in nearly 1 in 10 families, among whom 48% reported loss of regular child care, 16% reported change in insurance status, and 11% reported worsening food security. CONCLUSIONS: The coronavirus disease pandemic has had a substantial tandem impact on parents and children in the United States. As policy makers consider additional measures to mitigate the health and economic effects of the pandemic, they should consider the unique needs of families with children.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pais/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Política de Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Assistência Pública , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47614

RESUMO

O Departamento Científico de Desenvolvimento e Comportamento da Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria (SBP) divulgou o Guia Prático de Atualização “Campanha da Caderneta da Criança: Avaliação do Desenvolvimento dos 2 aos 4 meses”. O texto descreve os aspectos motores, linguísticos, sociais e cognitivos dos bebês nessa faixa etária.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Cuidado da Criança , Linguagem Infantil , Cognição , Relações Interpessoais
17.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (38): 282-291, Jan.-Jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1090102

RESUMO

Resumen En las últimas décadas se ha desarrollado una mayor conciencia acerca de cuán relevante es la paternidad activa en el desarrollo integral de los/as hijos/as y en la equidad de género. Sin embargo, a pesar de la amplia discusión e implementación de algunas estrategias, se observa una escasa participación en la crianza y cuidados de parte de los padres, situación por la que el presente ensayo tiene el propósito de reflexionar críticamente en torno al cuidado de la niñez desde la desigualdad de género, la masculinidad imperante y las estrategias para el fomento de la paternidad activa. Este escrito reflexiona sobre la paternidad activa desde la mirada de una sociedad adultocéntrica y su influencia en la incorporación de valores, actitudes y conductas durante la niñez. Además, analiza la construcción del cuidado del infante en el ámbito privado, tarea que es subvalorada por la comunidad y que recae principalmente en la mujer con las consecuencias de inequidad de género y problemas de salud que conlleva. Finalmente, se evidencia los esfuerzos realizados en Chile en la implementación para el fomento de una paternidad activa, así como los desafíos pendientes. Para avanzar a la paternidad activa se requiere de una mayor intervención con las familias y los distintos sectores de la sociedad, implementando estrategias desde un enfoque de equidad de género en cuanto a la distribución del cuidado en la niñez. Asimismo, se requiere de avances politicos importantes para dar sustento a una nueva formar de cuidar.


Abstract In recent decades, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of active fatherhood in the integral development of children and in gender inequality. Despite the extensive discussion and implementation of some strategies, there is a low participation in parenting and care of parents. For this reason, the present essay has the purpose of critically reflecting on the care of children from gender inequality, prevailing masculinity and strategies for the promotion of active parenthood. This paper reflects on active fatherhood from the perspective of an adult-centric society and its influence on the incorporation of values, attitudes and behaviors during childhood. In addition, it analyzes the construction of child care in the private sphere, a task that is undervalued by the community and that falls mainly on women with the consequences of gender inequity and health problems that it entails. Finally, the efforts made in Chile in the implementation for the promotion of active fatherhood and the pending challenges are visualized. To move towards active fatherhood requires a greater intervention with families and different sectors of society, implementing strategies from a gender equity perspective regarding the distribution of child care. It also requires important political advances to support a new way of caring.


Resumo Nas últimas décadas, tem havido uma crescente conscientização sobre a importância da paternidade ativa no desenvolvimento integral das crianças e na desigualdade de gênero. Apesar da extensa discussão e implementação de algumas estratégias, há uma baixa participação na parentalidade e no cuidado dos pais. Por este motivo, o presente ensaio tem como objetivo refletir criticamente em torno do cuidado das crianças da desigualdade de gênero, masculinidade prevalente e estratégias para a promoção da paternidade ativa. Este artigo reflete sobre a paternidade ativa a partir da perspectiva de uma sociedade adultocêntrica e sua influência na incorporação de valores, atitudes e comportamentos durante a infância. Além disso, analisa a construção da creche na esfera privada, uma tarefa que é subvalorizada pela comunidade e que recai principalmente sobre as mulheres com as conseqüências da desigualdade de gênero e dos problemas de saúde que ela acarreta. Finalmente, os esforços feitos no Chile na implementação para a promoção da paternidade ativa e os desafios pendentes são visualizados. Avançar para a paternidade ativa requer uma maior intervenção com as famílias e diferentes setores da sociedade, implementando estratégias a partir de uma perspectiva de equidade de gênero em relação à distribuição do cuidado infantil. Também requer avanços políticos importantes para apoiar uma nova maneira de cuidar.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Paternidade , Cuidado da Criança , Educação Infantil , Ensaio , Masculinidade
18.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(1): 69-74, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1102688

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar as orientações prestadas pelos profissionais de maternidades de baixo risco quanto a assistência ao recém-nascido no alojamento conjunto. Método: estudo quantitativo, no qual foi utilizado um instrumento que constava as principais variáveis pertinentes ao estudo. Foi aplicado em três maternidades de diferentes municípios da 17a Regional de Saúde. Resultados: foi possível analisar que adolescentes, multíparas, sem companheiro e baixa escolaridade receberam menos informações, já as mulheres com 30 anos ou mais e brancas apresentaram maior índice de orientações quanto à amamentação e aos primeiros cuidados. Conclusão: as orientações fornecidas nas maternidades ainda não abrangem a todas as mulheres. (AU)


Objective: to analyze the guidance given by professionals of low risk maternity hospitals regarding the care of the newborn in the rooming-in. Method: quantitative study where an instrument was used that contained the main variables pertinent to the study, it was applied in three maternity hospitals in different municipalities os the 17th Regional Health. Results: it was possible to analyze that adolescents, multiparous, without partners and low schooling received less information, while women 30 years of age and older showed a higher index of breastfeeding and first care. Conclusion: that guidance provided in maternity wards does not yet cover all women. (AU)


Objetivos: fue analizar la orientación brindada por profesionales de la maternidad de bajo riesgo con respecto a la atención del recién nacido en el alojamiento conjunto. Metodo: estudio cuantitativo em el que se utilizó un instrumento que contenía las principales variables pertinentes al estudio, se aplicó em tres hospitales de maternidad en diferentes municipios de la 17.a Región de Salud. Resultados: fue posible analizar de que las adolescentes, multiparas, sin pareja y con bajo nivel de escolaridad recibieron menos información, mientras que las mujeres de 30 años de edad y mayores mostraron un índice más alto de lactancia materna y atención primaria. Conclusion: la orientación brindada en las maternidad aún no cubren a todas las mujeres. (AU)


Assuntos
Alojamento Conjunto , Cuidado da Criança , Saúde da Criança , Pessoal de Saúde
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA