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1.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1384, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The CHEERS is a self-administered tool to measure gaps, weaknesses, and strengths of an early childhood education and care (ECEC) centre-based nutrition and physical activity environment. ECEC settings have the potential to profoundly influence early dietary and physical activity behaviours. Content validation of the CHEERS tool has been previously reported. The purpose of this study was to develop reliability and validity evidence for the CHEERS audit tool and the proposed subscales of food served, healthy eating environment, program planning, and physical activity environment in ECEC centre-based programs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 2 phases: Phase 1 included inter-, intra-rater and Cronbach's α. A subset of this sample was invited to participate in a second survey (Trial 2) for intra-rater assessment within 3 weeks of completing the first survey (Trial 1). Phase 2 included concurrent validity assessment between a nutrition expert and the ECEC director using within a one-week period. RESULTS: One hundred two directors and 85 educators (total of 187) returned the survey. Of these, there were 75 matched pairs for inter-rater reliability analysis providing a CHEERS ICC score of 0.59 and ICC scores ranging from 0.40 to 0.58 for the subscales. The ICC for intra-rater reliability of the CHEERS score was 0.81 for 40 participants completing the survey a second time and a range of 0.72 to 0.79 for the subscales. The CHEERS tool demonstrated very good internal consistency (α = 0.91) and α scores ranging from 0.73 to 0.79 for the subscales. In phase 2, concurrent validation was ICC = 0.65 (n = 30) CHEERS scores with a range of 0.42 to 0.69 for the subscales. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence of inter-, intra-rater reliability, internal consistency, and concurrent validity of an environmental assessment audit tool to assess the nutrition and physical activity environment of ECEC centre-based programs. The results demonstrate that the self-administered CHEERS instrument is stable overtime and between evaluators at the same ECEC centre. The scores obtained with CHEERS self-administered audit tool are reasonably accurate compared to an expert rater (dietitian) assessment. This study adds additional support to establishing the psychometric soundness of the CHEERS tool.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança/organização & administração , Meio Ambiente , Exercício , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Alberta , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
2.
Pediatrics ; 144(4)2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physicians must balance career and home responsibilities, yet previous studies on work-life balance are focused primarily on work-based tasks. We examined gender discrepancies and factors related to household responsibilities and work-life balance among pediatricians. METHODS: We used 2015 data from the American Academy of Pediatrics Pediatrician Life and Career Experience Study, a longitudinal study of early-career pediatricians. χ2 tests and multivariable logistic regression were used to examine the effects of gender on household responsibilities, satisfaction, and work-life balance attainment. We formally reviewed responses from 2 open-ended questions on work-life balance challenges and strategies for common themes. RESULTS: Seventy-two percent of participants completed the survey (1293 of 1801). Women were more likely than men to report having primary responsibility for 13 of 16 household responsibilities, such as cleaning, cooking, and routine care of children (all P < .001). All gender differences except budget management remained significant when controlling for part-time work status and spouse or partner work status (P < .05). Women were less satisfied with their share of responsibilities relative to others (52% vs 62%; P < .001), and few women and men report being very successful at achieving balance between their job and other life areas (15% vs 19%, respectively; P = .05). Open-ended responses (n = 1145) revealed many barriers to achieving work-life balance. Strategies to increase work-life balance included reducing work hours, outsourcing household-related work, and adjustments to personal responsibilities and relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Female pediatricians spend more time on household responsibilities than male pediatricians, and gender is a key factor associated with work-life balance satisfaction.


Assuntos
Serviço de Limpeza/organização & administração , Pediatras/organização & administração , Fatores Sexuais , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida/organização & administração , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/organização & administração , Cuidado da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Emprego , Características da Família , Feminino , Serviço de Limpeza/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Manutenção/organização & administração , Manutenção/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pediatras/psicologia , Pediatras/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação Pessoal , Médicas/psicologia , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida/métodos , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 68(6): 488-502, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480942

RESUMO

Quality of Life and Behavioral Problems of Unaccompanied Minor Refugees in Child Care Facilities Unaccompanied minor refugees (UMR) who arrive in Germany are generally placed in institutional child care facilities. UMR are a very burdened group, however other children and adolescents in institutional care are burdened as well, and their quality of life is often reduced. The aim of the current study was thus to compare quality of life and behavioral problems of UMR in child care facilities with those of other resident adolescents. For a total of 50 UMR, data regarding behavioral problems was available, for 41 UMR ratings on quality of life, both from external assessments. Two parallel comparison samples of other adolescents in the same institutional care facilities were drawn with adolescents with and without a migration background. Results show that in general, UMR show fewer behavioral problems than the other two groups, especially in externalizing behavior. For internalizing behavior, no differences were evident. For quality of life, no differences could be found between the three groups of inhabitants in institutional care. This indicates that the same factors determining quality of life are present in all three groups, but that the underlying mental problems are different in UMR than in other adolescents. Thus, staff in institutional care should possibly work differently with these group of adolescents than with other inhabitants and should be educated respectively.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Menores de Idade/psicologia , Comportamento Problema , Qualidade de Vida , Refugiados/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/organização & administração , Alemanha , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos
5.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 22(256): 3144-3149, set.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1026015

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a produção científica sobre consulta de puericultura da enfermagem na Estratégia Saúde da Família. Métodos: revisão integrativa da literatura. Foram consultadas as fontes de dados do período 2008 a 2017, com um levantamento de produções pelos descritores enfermagem, puericultura e atenção básica nas Bases de Dados: LILACS, SciELO e MEDLINE. Na etapa inicial da pesquisa encontrou-se 33 artigos. Após aplicar os filtros ano de publicação, disponibilidade, idioma e leitura dos títulos, a amostra totalizou 14 artigos científicos. Resultados: Os atendimentos de enfermagem à saúde da criança acontecem de forma fragmentada, com foco em dados antropométricos, estado nutricional e, por vezes, a imunização. Conclusão: Assim, averiguou-se a necessidade de os gestores promoverem a capacitação dos profissionais de saúde, a criação de um instrumento de padronização do atendimento ao infante aprimorando a sistematização de enfermagem. O estudo limita-se por ter realizado recorte temporal das publicações e por não ter abrangido todas as bases de dados existentes.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the scientific production about nursing child care consultation in the Family Health Strategy. Methods: integrative literature review. Data sources were consulted from 2008 to 2017, with a survey of production by the descriptors nursing, child care and basic care in the Databases: LILACS, SCIELO and MEDLINE. In the initial stage of the research 33 articles were found. After applying the filters year of publication, availability, language and reading titles, the sample totaled 14 scientific articles. Results: Nursing care for children occurs in a fragmented way, focusing on anthropometric data, nutritional status and, sometimes, immunization. Conclusion: Thus, it was verified the need for managers to promote the qualification of health professionals, the creation of an instrument to standardize infant care, improving nursing systematization. The study is limited by the time-cut of the publications and by not having covered all the existing databases.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar la producción científica sobre consulta de puericultura de la enfermería en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia. Métodos: revisión integrativa de la literatura. Se consultaron las fuentes de datos del período 2008 a 2017, con un levantamiento de producciones por los descriptores enfermería, puericultura y atención básica en las Bases de Datos: LILACS, SCIELO y MEDLINE. En la etapa inicial de la investigación se encontraron 33 artículos. Después de aplicar los filtros año de publicación, disponibilidad, idioma y lectura de los títulos, la muestra totalizó 14 artículos científicos. Resultados: Las atenciones de enfermería a la salud del niño ocurren de forma fragmentada, con foco en datos antropométricos, estado nutricional y, a veces, la inmunización. Conclusión: Así, se averiguó la necesidad de que los gestores promover la capacitación de los profesionales de salud, la creación de un instrumento de estandarización de la atención al infante mejorando la sistematización de enfermería. El estudio se limita por haber realizado recorte temporal de las publicaciones y por no haber abarcado todas las bases de datos existentes.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Cuidado da Criança , Saúde da Criança , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Enfermagem no Consultório
7.
Estilos clín ; 24(2): 358-370, maio-ago. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1039860

RESUMO

O presente estudo tem por objetivo descrever o Programa de Acompanhamento para Educadoras de Creche em Contexto Inclusivo - PROAECI e apresentar detalhes de sua implementação. Relata-se a aplicação do PROAECI a 3 educadoras de berçário em que tinha um bebê (24 meses) com deficiência física incluído nesta turma. O programa teve por objetivo oferecer uma escuta sensível e reflexiva sobre a relação das educadoras com o bebê com deficiência, acolhendo seus sentimentos, demandas e dificuldades. O PROAECI foi realizado em seis encontros, aplicados com periodicidade semanal e de forma individual, com duração de 50 minutos. Cada encontro tinha um tema específico norteado por conceitos da teoria winnicottiana, referentes às tarefas da educadora (holding, manuseio e apresentação de objetos) e competências da educadora (previsibilidade, adaptação ao saber materno e diagnóstico pedagógico). Destaca-se o potencial do PROAECI, ao sensibilizar as educadoras para desenvolver uma atitude reflexiva, acolhedora, ativa e responsável com o bebê com deficiência.


El presente estudio tiene por objetivo describir el Programa de Acompañamiento para Educadoras de Jardín Infantil en Contexto Inclusivo - PROAECI y presentar detalles de su implementación. Se relata la aplicación del PROAECI a 3 educadoras de jardín infantil en que tenía un bebé (24 meses) con discapacidad física incluida. El programa tuvo por objetivo ofrecer una escucha sensible y reflexiva sobre la relación de las educadoras con el bebé con discapacidad, acogiendo sus sentimientos, demandas y dificultades. El programa se realizó a lo largo de seis encuentros, aplicados con periodicidad semanal y de forma individual, con una duración de 50 minutos. Cada encuentro tenía un tema específico orientado por conceptos de la teoría winnicottiana referentes a las tareas de la educadora (holding, manejo y presentación de objetos) y competencias de la educadora (previsibilidad, adaptación al saber materno y diagnóstico pedagógico). Se destaca el potencial del PROAECI, al sensibilizar a las educadoras para desarrollar una actitud reflexiva, acogedora, activa y responsable con el bebé con discapacidad.


The present study aims to describe the Monitoring Program for Day Care Teachers in an Inclusive Context - PROAECI and present details of its implementation. The application of PROAECI to 3 nursery teachers in which they had a baby (24 months) with physical disability included is reported. The purpose of the program was to offer a sensitive and reflexive listening on the relationship of the teachers toward the infant with disability, accepting their feelings, demands and difficulties. The program was conducted over six meetings, applied weekly and individually, lasting 50 minutes. Each meeting had a specific issue guided by Winnicott's concepts related to the tasks of the teacher (holding, handling and object-presenting) and competences of the teacher (predictability, respect to maternal knowledge and educational diagnosis). It highlights the potential of PROAECI, by sensitizing the teachers to develop a reflexive, welcoming, active and responsible attitude toward the infant with disability.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Inclusão Educacional , Cuidado da Criança , Creches , Educação Infantil/psicologia
8.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 31(3): 319-326, ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-185360

RESUMO

Background: Residential child care is a very complex measure and has been the subject of heated debate in many countries. However, there is a paucity of studies that examine quality assessments of these services, much less that have asked the children and young people receiving those services about their own evaluations. Method: This study interviewed 209 young people between 11 and 20 years of age, in 21 residential facilities, about their degree of satisfaction with the care they receive. These residential facilities are differentiated into three types of programs that will be compared: preparation for adult life (PAL), therapeutic care for behavioral problems (TRC) and general programs for children and young people without any specific profile (GRC). The instrument used is an interview that includes both quantitative and qualitative assessments. Results: The results show a trend toward positive average scores on practically all aspects, highlighting the support from as well as the connection they feel with the educators who care for them. On the other hand, young people in TRC displayed lower scores on almost all aspects evaluated while those in PAL were the most positive. Conclusions: The main implications for the practice will be discussed from these youths' perspective


Antecedentes: el acogimiento residencial es una medida compleja y que ha sido objeto de intensos debates en muchos países. Sin embargo, no existen muchos estudios sobre la evaluación de la calidad de estos servicios y mucho menos que hayan tenido en cuenta la opinión de los niños y jóvenes que los reciben. Método: en este estudio se entrevista a 209 jóvenes entre 11 y 20 años, que se encuentran en 21 hogares de acogimiento residencial, acerca de su satisfacción con la atención que reciben. Estos hogares de acogida se diferencian en tres tipos de programas que se compararán: preparación para la vida adulta (PAL), acogimiento terapéutico para problemas de conducta (TRC) y programas generalistas sin perfil específico (GRC). El instrumento empleado es una entrevista que recoge valoraciones cuantitativas y cualitativas. Resultados: los resultados muestran una tendencia a valoraciones con promedios positivos en prácticamente todos los aspectos, destacando el apoyo y la vinculación con los educadores que los atienden. Por otra parte, los jóvenes en TRC muestran puntuaciones más bajas en casi todos los aspectos, mientras que los jóvenes en PAL presentan las más altas. Conclusiones: se discutirán las principales implicaciones para la práctica desde esta perspectiva de los jóvenes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/reabilitação , Cuidado da Criança/normas , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Satisfação Pessoal , Instituições Residenciais/normas , Análise de Variância , Cuidado da Criança/psicologia , Bem-Estar da Criança , Vida Independente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Distribuição por Sexo , Espanha
9.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(4): 981-987, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184726

RESUMO

Alexandre Frias nació en Reus, ciudad donde desarrolló la mayor parte de su actividad profesional. Médico y puericultor, trabajó incansablemente con el fin de mejorar la salud infantil. Creó el primer Instituto de Puericultura integral de España en 1919, que se mantuvo en funcionamiento hasta su muerte. Las actividades del instituto se iniciaron con un consultorio para niños lactantes, servicio de lactario y un laboratorio de análisis, y se ampliaron posteriormente con servicios de puericultura prenatal, refectorio para embarazadas y mujeres, un consultorio de pediatría con servicio de vacunación y, como complemento, un servicio de asistencia domiciliaria de comadrona y un médico tocólogo. Convencido de que la lactancia materna y la higiene eran fundamentales para la prevención de enfermedades, realizó una ingente labor educativa entre madres, médicos, gobernantes y sociedad en general. Precursor de numerosas iniciativas con fines curativos y preventivos, instauró la educación sanitaria para madres y profesionales, las colonias escolares, la inspección médica-escolar, el servicio a domicilio de básculas para control de peso e incubadoras para niños prematuros e incluso un modelo de vestido higiénico para recién nacidos. Realizó numerosas publicaciones en forma de libros, como el titulado "Lo que deben saber las madres", opúsculos y artículos de prensa. Fundó y dirigió la revista Puericultura, editada en Reus y distribuida a todo el país, que se publicó hasta 1936. Su incesante actividad en pro de la lucha contra la mortalidad infantil redujo drásticamente las muertes en Reus e influyó en la mejora sanitaria y demográfica de toda España


Alexandre Frias was born in Reus, the city where he developed most of his professional activity. Medical doctor and childcare pediatrician, he worked tirelessly in order to improve children's health. He created the first Instituto de Puericultura Integral (Integral Institute of Childcare) in Spain in 1919, which remained in operation until his death. The Institute's activities began with a clinic for breastfeeding children, breastfeeding service and a biochemical analysis laboratory, later expanding with prenatal childcare services, a refectory for pregnant women and general women, a pediatric office with a vaccination service and, as a complement, a home health care service and medical obstetrics. Convinced that breastfeeding and hygiene were fundamental for the prevention of diseases, he carried out an enormous educational work among mothers, doctors, governors and society in general. Forerunner of numerous initiatives for curative and preventive purposes, he established health education for mothers and professionals, school colonies, medical-school inspection, home delivery of scales for weight control and incubators for premature children and even a hygienic dress model for newborns. He made numerous publications as books form, such as the one entitled "Lo que deben saber las madres", booklets and newspapers articles. He founded and directed the scientific journal Puericultura (child care), published in Reus and distributed throughout the country until 1936. Its incessant activity in favor of the fight against infant mortality drastically reduced infant/children mortality in Reus and influenced the health and demographic improvement of all of Spain


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XX , Cuidado da Criança/história , Aleitamento Materno/história , Mortalidade Infantil/história , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/história , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/prevenção & controle , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/história , Desnutrição/prevenção & controle
10.
Psicothema ; 31(3): 319-326, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Residential child care is a very complex measure and has been the subject of heated debate in many countries. However, there is a paucity of studies that examine quality assessments of these services, much less that have asked the children and young people receiving those services about their own evaluations. METHOD: This study interviewed 209 young people between 11 and 20 years of age, in 21 residential facilities, about their degree of satisfaction with the care they receive. These residential facilities are differentiated into three types of programs that will be compared: preparation for adult life (PAL), therapeutic care for behavioral problems (TRC) and general programs for children and young people without any specific profile (GRC). The instrument used is an interview that includes both quantitative and qualitative assessments. RESULTS: The results show a trend toward positive average scores on practically all aspects, highlighting the support from as well as the connection they feel with the educators who care for them. On the other hand, young people in TRC displayed lower scores on almost all aspects evaluated while those in PAL were the most positive. CONCLUSIONS: The main implications for the practice will be discussed from these youths’ perspective.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/reabilitação , Cuidado da Criança/normas , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Satisfação Pessoal , Instituições Residenciais/normas , Adolescente , Análise de Variância , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/psicologia , Bem-Estar da Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Distribuição por Sexo , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Altern Complement Med ; 25(7): 727-732, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314558

RESUMO

Objectives: For CenteringParenting-an integrated, group participatory approach to maternal and child health-this study aimed to explore maternal participants' experiences and children's clinical metrics compared with those receiving traditional well-care visits in the same community health center. Design: A mixed-methods approach evaluated the impact of the CenteringParenting program on infant outcomes and maternal and staff experiences. Settings/Location: This study was conducted at Neighborhood Family Practice (NFP), an urban federally qualified community health center on the west side of Cleveland, Ohio. NFP is an accredited Centering Health care Institute site for both CenteringPregnancy and CenteringParenting. Subjects: Consecutive participants from the CenteringParenting program at NFP were included with age-matched controls. Outcome measures: Quantitative outcome measures included the number of well-child visits attended, immunization and lead screening rates, as well as breastfeeding initiation and duration. Semistructured interviews assessed maternal, provider, and program staff satisfaction with the program. Results: Children participating in CenteringParenting as compared with traditional individual care were demographically similar. Well-child care visits in the first 15 months of life were higher in the CenteringParenting Group (9.19 vs. 5.28, p < 0.001), which also exhibited a trend toward higher rates of completing noninfluenza immunizations. There was no difference in lead screening, with high percentages of completion in both groups. Interviews discovered strong maternal, clinician, and staff satisfaction with the program. Mothers noted the unique benefits of learning from and building relationships with each other. Conclusions: This study in a community health center indicates that innovative group care models, such as CenteringParenting, hold promise for delivering value-added elements of social interaction between parents and health care staff, in addition to increasing the number of visits attended by parents and children in the first 15 months of life. Future study is needed to further elucidate maternal, population health, and cost benefits.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Centros Comunitários de Saúde , Poder Familiar , Adulto , Criança , Cuidado da Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mães , Projetos Piloto , População Urbana
12.
Nutrients ; 11(7)2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284433

RESUMO

Preschool meals may influence the formation of children's dietary habits and health. We assessed the contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish children. We used food record data from the cross-sectional DAGIS survey and selected recording days which included all three meals (breakfast, lunch, afternoon snack) at preschool. We analyzed the diet of three- to four-year-olds (n = 324) and five- to six-year-olds (n = 233). Preschool meals accounted for 54% of the weekday's energy intake in both age groups, and provided ≥60% of total fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins D and E. More than 60% of fish dishes but only one third of total daily fresh fruit were consumed at preschool. The mean (SD) percentages of energy from protein and fat at preschool were 17% (3%) and 30% (7%) in the younger and 17% (3%) and 31% (6%) in the older age group, respectively. The mean proportions of energy from added sugar at preschool were below 5% in both age groups. On average, salt intake exceeded recommendations and 60% of salt came from preschool food. Tackling high salt intake should be a future goal of guidance for early childhood education and care food services.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil , Serviços de Alimentação , Refeições , Estado Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , Recomendações Nutricionais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Finlândia , Humanos , Masculino , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/administração & dosagem
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(7): 713-718, 2019 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288343

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze the disease burden of influenza in schools and child care settings in rural areas of Hangzhou. Methods: Hospital visit influenza cases aged 3-17 years in hospitals that reported based on influenza surveillance system from 2016 to 2018 in Chun'an county, Hangzhou city were selected as study subjects and a total of 294 confirmed cases of influenza were selected using system sampling method. Questionnaires were designed to investigate the basic information and data on inpatients and outpatients among, health care and life quality, etc.. Direct and indirect economic burden and disability adjusted life year (DALY) were analyzed and compared among different age groups. Results: The mean age of investigated subjects was (8.88±3.92) years. A total of 143 (48.64%) investigated cases were male. In total of 283 (96.26%) cases were outpatients. The total economic burden was 124 743.95 CNY. The mean economic burden was 424.30 CNY per person. The mean direct and indirect economic burden was 361.33 and 62.97 CNY per person respectively. The difference of the mean direct, indirect and total economic burden per person between different age group was statistically significant (P<0.001). The 3-5 years age group showed the highest economic burden with the median value of direct, indirect and total economic burden per person being 276.24, 50.98 and 321.26 CNY, respectively, while the 12-17 years age group showed the lowest values with 175.30, 26.54, 201.79 CNY, respectively. The DALY of 294 influenza cases was 1.18, and the median of burden strength was 3.21 DALY/thousand. The difference of the burden of strength between different age group influenza case was statistically significant (P<0.001), of which the 12-17 years age group showed the highest value with 4.25 DALYs/thousand while the 3-5 years age group showed the lowest value with 2.60 DALY/thousand. Conclusion: The disease burden of influenza was heavy in schools and kindergartens in rural areas of Hangzhou city, with the cases aged from 3 to 5 years showing higher economic burden and cases aged from 12 to 17 years showing greater burden strength.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Influenza Humana/economia , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Distribuição por Idade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
14.
Washington, D. C.; PAHO; 2019-07-15.
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-51366

RESUMO

[Foreword]. Early childhood development (ECD) – including the physical (or motor), communication, cognitive and social - emotional capacities – is indivisible from the child survival, health and education agendas and represents one of the important stages for breaking the intergenerational cycles of poverty and for promoting sustainable development. Development during the early years lays the critical foundations for health, learning and behaviour across the life course… Investment in early childhood programmes is essential because ECD programmes and interventions can provide a “good and fair start” to children and help to modify distressing socio-economic and gender-related inequities. There is strong evidence regarding interventions that can address the causal factors and reduce the burden of poor child development… The health sector in countries has the capacity to play a unique role in the field of ECD because the most important window of opportunity for ensuring optimal development and preventing risk of long-term damage is from pregnancy through the first five years of life – especially from birth to three years of age... For some countries, ECD is currently not systematically incorporated into initiatives to promote and protect maternal and child health. Moreover, families are often not prepared or aware of the critical role they can play in promoting cognitive and socio-emotional development in the early years. To address this gap, WHO, PAHO/WHO and UNICEF have collaborated closely to strengthen their advocacy and technical support to regions and countries and have extended partnership to national leaders and governments, development agencies, researchers, academics, non-governmental organizations, professional associations, media and advocacy groups. We have also developed the present evidence-based set of materials to help international staff, national governments and their partners promote Care for Child Development within all relevant programme activities of the health sector, with the emerging involvement of education, social protection, rehabilitation and other ECD partners.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Saúde Pública , Setor de Assistência à Saúde , América Latina , Região do Caribe
15.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 1065-1071, jul.-set. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005589

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever a percepção e a vivência de famílias de crianças com epilepsia. Método: Estudo descritivo de caráter qualitativo, realizado no município de Guarapuava/PR. Os dados foram coletados nos meses de janeiro e fevereiro de 2016, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas realizadas junto a sete familiares de crianças com epilepsia. Os relatos foram transcritos e submetidos à análise categorial temática. Resultados: Os resultados ressaltam o impacto social da doença na família, desde o momento do diagnóstico, com implicações para desenvolvimento de atitudes de superproteção, até mudanças na dinâmica familiar, além do enfrentamento do estigma da doença. Conclusão: O desvelamento da percepção e da vivência de famílias de crianças com epilepsia permitiu verificar em que medida estas influenciam o cuidado dispensado a elas, ao mesmo tempo em que ressalta a importância do apoio a estas famílias no cuidado, por meio de uma assistência humanizada e qualificada, pautada nas reais necessidades de cada unidade familiar


Objective: to describe the perception and the experience of families composed by children with epilepsy. Method: Descriptive study of a qualitative character, carried out in the city of Guarapuava-PR. The data were collected in the month of January and February of 2016, by means of a semi-structured instrument, it was obtained participation of 7 relatives of children with epilepsy. The reports were transcribed and submitted to the Analysis of thematic content modality. Results: they call attention to the social impact of the disease in the family, from the moment of diagnosis, with implications for the development of attitudes of overprotection, to changes in family dynamics, and the stigma of epilepsy. Conclusion: understanding the perception and the experience of families, reveals that this may influence the care of the child with epilepsy. In addition, it denotes the importance of supporting the family in care, with an assistance based on the real needs of the family and therefore, more humanized and qualified


Objetivo: describir la percepción y la vivencia de famílias compuestas por niños con epilepsia. Método: Estudio descriptivo de carácter cualitativo, realizado em El municipio de Guarapuava-PR. Los datos fueron recolectados em El mes de enero y febrero de 2016, por medio de instrumento semi estructurado, se obtuvo La participación de 7 familiares de niños con epilepsia. Los relatos fueron trascritos y sometidos al analise de Contenido modalidad temática. Resultados: llaman La atención sobre el impacto social de La enfermedad em La familia, desde el momento del diagnóstico, com implicaciones para el desarrollo de actitudes de sobre protección, hasta los câmbios ocurridos em La dinámica familiar, además del estigma de la epilepsia. Conclusión: La comprensión de La percepción y la vivencia de lãs familias, revela que ésta puede influir em el cuidado delniño con epilepsia. Además denota La importancia de apoyar a La família enel cuidado, con una asistencia pautada em lãs reales necesidades de La familia y por lo tanto, más humanizada y calificada


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adulto , Cuidado da Criança/psicologia , Saúde da Família , Epilepsia/psicologia , Enfermagem Familiar
16.
Nutrients ; 11(7)2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31252578

RESUMO

Preschool is a major factor affecting food consumption among young children in Finland, given that most preschoolers eat three meals a day in that setting. Thus, it is important to recognise the determinants of dietary intake at preschool. The aim of this study was to examine food-related factors at the preschool and manager level, and their association with the dietary intake of children in childcare. The study was a part of the cross-sectional DAGIS survey conducted in 2015 to 2016 in Finland. The managers of 58 preschools filled in a questionnaire related to food and nutrition at their preschools. Preschool personnel kept food records for the children (n = 585) on two preschool days. Multilevel linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted with age, gender, and municipality as covariates, preschool-level factors as independent variables, and children's vegetable (g/day) and fruit (yes vs. no) consumption and fibre intake (g/MJ) as outcome variables. Having many written food policies in the preschool was associated with a higher intake of vegetables (p = 0.01) and fibre (p = 0.03) among the children. Having at least two out of three cooperation-related challenges with the catering service was associated with a higher intake of fibre (p = 0.03) and lower odds of eating fruit (p = 0.01). Factors that are relatively distal from meal situations may have an effect, and should be taken into account in the promotion of healthy eating at preschool, but more studies are needed.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Frutas , Estado Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , Recomendações Nutricionais , Verduras , Fatores Etários , Criança , Cuidado da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Serviços de Alimentação , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos
17.
Int J Occup Med Environ Health ; 32(3): 281-290, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180070

RESUMO

It is estimated that every third person living in Europe suffers from allergic diseases. Allergies are a growing health problem in Poland where 40% of the population have allergy symptoms, including 12% afflicted with asthma. The actual cost of allergic diseases is difficult to estimate due to the lack or incompleteness of the relevant data. The aim of this review is to present estimates of the indirect costs of allergic diseases in Poland and globally, using asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis as examples. The analysis also includes the impact of allergic diseases on the costs to the social welfare system and employers. The literature review of the indirect costs of allergic diseases shows that the indirect costs of a disease, which substantially exceed the direct costs, increase with the disease activity and severity. Interestingly, some studies have found that the indirect costs of lost productivity due to hours missed from work to take care of a sick child could be threefold higher than those of absence due to a worker's own illness. The indirect costs of a disease can be significantly reduced by early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(3):281-90.


Assuntos
Asma/economia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Dermatite Atópica/economia , Rinite Alérgica/economia , Absenteísmo , Asma/epidemiologia , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/economia , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Presenteísmo , Qualidade de Vida , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177909

RESUMO

Preschool children have a higher respiratory rate per unit body weight than adults, and their respiratory systems are not mature. Hence, children may have more health risks associated with particulate matter (PM) exposure. In this study, we assessed the exposure of preschool children and their caregivers to PM and the resulting health risks. The PM concentrations at heights of 60-80 cm (preschool children) and 150 cm (adults) were measured at ten indoor and eight outdoor sites in the Taipei metropolitan area from March 2015 to February 2017. Four PM2.5 and seven PM10 indoor measurements exceeded the indoor air quality standard of Taiwan, whereas only two PM2.5 outdoor measurements exceeded the ambient air quality standard. The outdoor PM concentrations were related to traffic emissions, whereas the indoor PM concentrations were associated with ventilation rate and occupant density. The chronic daily PM1, PM2.5, and PM10 intakes of preschool children were notably higher than those of adults. In addition, the hazard quotient resulting from PM2.5 exposure indicated a significant health risk for preschool children (93.74% greater than 1). Consequently, reducing the exposure of preschool children to PM2.5 is an emerging issue in the Taipei metropolitan area.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental/análise , Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/análise , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Ambiental/etiologia , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação/análise , Exposição por Inalação/estatística & dados numéricos , Parques Recreativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Tamanho da Partícula , Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Doenças Respiratórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213022

RESUMO

The validation of a new questionnaire is essential to improving its credibility in the assessment and collection of evidence. This study aimed to validate a newly developed infant and young child feeding questionnaire for child care providers (IYCF-CCPQ) to measure the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding infant and young child feeding among them. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 child care providers who were involved in handling children less than two years old in child care centers in the northeastern part of Peninsular Malaysia. The IYCF-CCPQ was self-administered and consists of three domains: Knowledge (104 items), attitude (90 items), and practice (42 items). The dichotomous-scale items in the knowledge domain were analyzed using a two-parameter logistic model of item response theory (2-PL IRT). The Likert-type-scale items in the attitude section were assessed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The items in the practice section were assessed descriptively. Internal consistency by marginal reliability was assessed in the knowledge domain, and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used for the attitude domain. The marginal reliability values were 0.91 and 0.74 for the knowledge domains related to breastfeeding/formula feeding and complementary feeding, respectively, and the Cronbach's alpha values were 0.89 and 0.90 for the attitude domains related to breastfeeding/formula feeding and complementary feeding, respectively. The analysis showed good psychometric properties (discrimination, difficulty index, factor loading, and communalities) and good reliability. The IYCF-CCPQ is valid for use assessing the knowledge, attitudes, and practices among Malaysian child care providers regarding infant and young child feeding.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Malásia , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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