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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210179, 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1292850

RESUMO

Objetivo: O estudo objetivou compreender as repercussões da pandemia da Covid-19 no cuidado de lactentes prematuros, na perspectiva de mães e profissionais de saúde. Método: Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas nos meses de junho e julho de 2020, por meio de ligação telefônica, com 14 mães e quatro profissionais de saúde do serviço de follow-up de uma maternidade pública da Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: A partir da análise temática indutiva, os impactos da pandemia no cuidado ao lactente nascido prematuro, foram: sobrecarga e afastamento dos profissionais dos serviços de saúde, desativação temporária da unidade mãe canguru, descontinuidade da assistência ao prematuro, medo materno de expor a criança à Covid-19 e baixa condição socioeconômica. Foram elencadas estratégias de enfrentamento para o cuidado dos lactentes durante a pandemia, como: maior espaçamento das consultas, acompanhamento por meio telefônico e cumprimento das medidas de biossegurança. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: A pandemia exigi adaptações na assistência, tornando necessárias novas formas de cuidado a essas crianças, como exemplo, as consultas de acompanhamento remotas, a fim de garantir o seu direito à vida e saúde


Objective: The study aimed at understanding the repercussions of the Covid-19 pandemic in the care of premature infants, from the perspective of mothers and health professionals. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in the months of June and July 2020, over the telephone, with 14 mothers and four health professionals from the follow-up service of a public maternity hospital in Paraíba, Brazil. Results: From the inductive thematic analysis, the impacts of the pandemic on the care of premature infants were as follows: overload and distancing of health service professionals, temporary deactivation of the Kangaroo mother unit, discontinuity of care for the premature infant, maternal fear of exposing the child to Covid-19 and low socioeconomic status. Coping strategies for the care of infants during the pandemic were listed, such as: greater spacing between consultations, phone follow-up and compliance with biosafety measures. Conclusion and implications for the practice: The pandemic required adaptations in care, which make new forms of care necessary for these children, such as remote follow-up consultations, in order to guarantee their right to life and health


Objetivo: El estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender las repercusiones de la pandemia de Covid-19 en la atención de bebés prematuros, desde la perspectiva de las madres y los profesionales de la salud. Método: Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas en los meses de junio y julio de 2020, por medio de llamadas telefónicas, a 14 madres y cuatro profesionales de la salud del servicio de seguimiento de una maternidad pública en Paraíba, Brasil. Resultados: A partir del análisis temático inductivo, los efectos de la pandemia en la atención de bebés prematuros fueron los siguientes: sobrecarga y distanciamiento de profesionales de los servicios de salud, inhabilitación temporal de la unidad Madre Canguro, discontinuidad de la atención al bebé prematuro, miedo materno a exponer al niño al Covid-19 y nivel socioeconómico bajo. Se enumeraron estrategias de afrontamiento para la atención infantil durante la pandemia, tales como: mayor intervalo entre consultas, seguimiento telefónico y cumplimiento de medidas de bioseguridad. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: La pandemia requirió adaptaciones en la atención, que hacen necesarias nuevas formas de atención para estos niños, como las consultas de monitoreo remoto, para garantizar su derecho a la vida y a la salud


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Lactente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pessoal de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , COVID-19 , Cuidado do Lactente , Mães , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Consulta Remota , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cobertura Vacinal , Medo , Método Canguru , Higiene das Mãos , Distanciamento Físico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769989

RESUMO

Between 2016 and 2019, two different infant sleeping-box interventions were implemented in England: (1) shallow polypropylene baby boxes were distributed via a feasibility study to families with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) risk factors; and (2) a commercial-health system partnership scheme distributed cardboard baby boxes to new mothers in particular locations. We conducted parent evaluations of both interventions at the time of implementation. The views of 79 parents receiving polypropylene boxes and 77 parents receiving cardboard boxes were captured using online questionnaires and telephone interviews. Participants provided feedback on education received about using the box, their perception of the box design and materials, their experiences of using the box they received, and whether they would recommend it to others. Parents appreciated that both boxes provided a portable space to place their baby near them anywhere in the home, discouraging other riskier practices. The polypropylene box was rated more favourably regarding transparency, hygiene, and portability outside the home. A minority of parents found the idea of putting their baby in any box unappealing; however, younger mothers and smokers particularly appreciated the ability to safely co-sleep with their babies using the shallower box. Overall, the versatility of the polypropylene box scheme was more positively evaluated than the cardboard baby box scheme, which, stripped of its social value as part of a larger welfare provision, had minimal value for parents that received it.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita do Lactente , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Percepção , Sono , Reino Unido
3.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 396, 2021 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In LMICs including Pakistan, neonatal health and survival is a critical challenge, and therefore improving the quality of facility-based newborn care services is instrumental in averting newborn mortality. This paper presents the perceptions of the key stakeholders in the public sector to explore factors influencing the care of small and sick newborns and young infants in inpatient care settings across Pakistan. METHODS: This exploratory study was part of a larger study assessing the situation of newborn and young infant in-patient care provided across all four provinces and administrative regions of Pakistan. We conducted 43 interviews. Thirty interviews were conducted with the public sector health care providers involved in newborn and young infant care and 13 interviews were carried out with health planners and managers working at the provincial level. A semi-structured interview guide was used to explore participants' perspectives on enablers and barriers to the quality of care provided to small and sick newborns at the facility level. The interviews were manually analyzed using thematic content analysis. FINDINGS: The study respondents identified multiple barriers contributing to the poor quality of small and sick newborn care at inpatient care settings. This includes an absence of neonatal care standards, inadequate infrastructure and equipment for the care of small and sick newborns, deficient workforce for neonatal case management, inadequate thermal care management for newborns, inadequate referral system, absence of multidisciplinary approach in neonatal case management and need to institute strong monitoring system to prevent neonatal deaths and stillbirths. The only potential enabling factor was the improved federal and provincial oversight for reproductive, maternal, and newborn care. CONCLUSION: This qualitative study was insightful in identifying the challenges that influence the quality of inpatient care for small and sick newborns and the resources needed to fix these. There is a need to equip Sick Newborn Care Units with needed supplies, equipment and medicines, deployment of specialist staff, strengthening of in-service training and staff supervision, liaison with the neonatal experts in customizing neonatal care guidelines for inpatient care settings and to inculcate the culture for inter-disciplinary team meetings at inpatient care settings across the country.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Pacientes Internados , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Paquistão , Percepção
4.
Nat Chem ; 13(10): 930-932, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34584252
5.
J Health Care Poor Underserved ; 32(3): 1110-1135, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421016

RESUMO

While father engagement in infant care is widely advocated and research demonstrates that it contributes to improved outcomes, few approaches engage fathers, especially racial/ethnic minority underserved fathers, during maternity care. This study protocol describes the text4FATHER's feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy trial from mid-pregnancy through two months postnatal age.


Assuntos
Pai , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Grupos Étnicos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários , Mães , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Clin Perinatol ; 48(3): 619-630, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353583

RESUMO

Sudden unexpected infant death is a leading cause of death in infancy. Both safe sleep practices and breastfeeding can help decrease the risk, although the current practice of educating parents about the recommendations has not resulted in universal adherence. Prenatal counseling provides opportunities to discuss recommendations as well as troubleshoot common barriers to breastfeeding and safe infant sleep with goals to gradually change attitudes, address social norms, and prepare new parents. A conversational, motivational approach to discussions about the importance of safe sleep and continued breastfeeding, with explanations as to the reasoning behind these recommendations, can help parents incorporate optimal practices into their lifestyles in a way that is sustainable for adherence.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita do Lactente , Criança , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pais , Gravidez , Sono , Morte Súbita do Lactente/prevenção & controle , Decúbito Dorsal
7.
MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs ; 46(6): 346-351, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Feeding difficulty is the most common cause of delayed hospital discharge and readmission of late preterm infants. Frequent and adequate feedings from birth are protective against dehydration, hypoglycemia, and jaundice. The National Perinatal Association's feeding guidelines provide the foundation for late preterm infant standards of care. Feeding at least every 3 hours promotes nutritional status and neurologic development. One feeding assessment every 12 hours during the hospital stay can ensure quality of infant feeding. PROBLEM: At a large urban hospital, medical record reviews were completed to evaluate nursing care practices consistent with the hospital's late preterm infant care standard policy. Feeding frequency and nurse assessment of feeding effectiveness were far below acceptable targets. A quality improvement team was formed to address inconsistency with expected practice. METHODS: The project included an investigation using the define, design, implement, and sustain method of quality improvement. Parent education, nurse education, and visual cues were developed to sustain enhanced nursing practice. RESULTS: Late preterm infants who received feedings at least every 3 hours increased from 2.5% (1 of 40) to 27% (11 of 40); (M = 0.275, SD = 0.446), p = 0.001. Documented breastfeeding assessments increased from 2% (5 of 264) to 8% (10 of 126), p = 0.001. Documented bottle-feeding assessments increased from 15% (39 of 264) to 31% (53 of 172), p < 0.001. Intervention time was cut short due to reprioritization of efforts in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSION: Interventions and implementation of this process improvement is easy to replicate through attainable and sustainable goals directed toward improved outcomes for late preterm infants.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Métodos de Alimentação/efeitos adversos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Mães/educação , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Hospitais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pandemias
8.
Neonatal Netw ; 40(4): 199-200, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330869
9.
Acta Paediatr ; 110(11): 3083-3093, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297875

RESUMO

AIM: To understand which safe sleep recommendations parents find most challenging to implement, identifying common barriers encountered; and investigate whether challenges are associated with practices employed. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 3341 Australian families with young infants who birthed a live baby during April-May 2017. Caregivers were asked about infant care practices and family characteristics. Qualitative free-text items explored challenges faced with current safe sleep recommendations. RESULTS: Nearly one-third (n = 1033, 31%) of caregivers reported difficulty with at least one safe sleep recommendation. Infant sleep position and avoiding bed-sharing were identified as the most challenging recommendations. Caregivers described barriers which influenced consistency in uptake of advice. Families who described difficulty with a recommendation were significantly less likely to consistently employ that advice compared to those who did not report difficulty (sleep position: 198/473,42% vs 2548/2837,90% [p < 0.0001]; own sleep space: (269/344,78% vs 1331/2884,46% [p < 0.0001]). When families encountered challenges, they often proposed alternate strategies with an inference their substitute action compensated potential increased risk. CONCLUSION: Many families encounter difficulties implementing safe sleep advice; these challenges negatively impact care practices. Effective interventions meeting individual family needs, to provide safe sleep environments consistently, are necessary to improve sleep-related infant care and further reduce infant mortality.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita do Lactente , Austrália , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Pais , Sono , Morte Súbita do Lactente/prevenção & controle , Decúbito Dorsal
10.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 488, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal-Fetal Attachment (MFA) describes the cognitive-representational, emotional, and behavioral aspects of the mother-fetus relationship that develops during pregnancy. We present two studies conducted on pregnant Italian women. In Study I, we aimed to explore multifaceted associations of MFA with variables important for a healthy pregnancy (e.g., maternal mental health, the couple's relationship). In Study II, we investigated the predictive role of MFA on observed maternal caregiving during the first months of the infant's life. METHODS: In Study I, 113 pregnant Italian women were assessed on MFA (Maternal Antenatal Attachment Scale, MAAS), maternal depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II, BDI-II), maternal anxiety (State Trait Anxiety Inventory - State version, STAI), adjustment of the couple (Dyadic Adjustment Scale, DAS), and perceived parental care (The Parental Bonding Instrument, PBI). In Study II, 29 mother-infant pairs were followed up at 4 months to assess observational variables of maternal caregiving through the Emotional Availability Scale (EAS) and to test for an association with MFA in pregnancy. RESULTS: Study I showed a significant association between MFA and the quality of the couple relationship (ß = .49, P < .001) and between MFA and the recall of memories of care received in childhood (ß = .22, P = .025). Study II showed a predictive effect of MFA on maternal structuring observed during mother-infant interactions at 4 months of age (ß = 0.36, P = .046). CONCLUSION: The study points out relevant relationship contexts that might receive care and support throughout pregnancy to protect MFA. The findings also provide thoughtful insights on the role of MFA in early maternal caregiving, suggesting that MFA might be a candidate as one putative antecedent of mother-infant interaction processes.


Assuntos
Cuidado do Lactente/psicologia , Relações Materno-Fetais/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Itália , Estudos Longitudinais , Apego ao Objeto , Gravidez
11.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12248, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study identifies the ecological (ie, policy, environment, intrapersonal, and interpersonal) factors affecting the implementation of an Infant at Work program in a university setting. METHODS: Data were collected among faculty, staff, and graduate students at a large Midwestern university from February to July 2020 via focus group (FG) discussions with university employees (n = 22) and semistructured interviews with university administrators (n = 10). We used techniques from expanded grounded theory, allowing for a constant comparative approach to data contextualization and theme identification. RESULTS: Three themes emerged from the FG data: (i) program and policy scope, (ii) employee and employer benefits, and (iii) workplace concerns. Onsite daycares, flexible schedules and participation, and expanded childcare options were some of the programs and policies employees desired. However, barriers to implementing these types of programs include cost, safety, and structure of the work environment. CONCLUSIONS: Findings offer practical recommendations and strategies to improve work/life balance among parents transitioning back to work in a university environment. Findings also provide insight into the feasibility of family-friendly workplace policies and environments. Additionally, findings provide a framework for other organizations to implement similar Infant at Work programs to improve employee work/life balance.


Assuntos
Docentes/psicologia , Cuidado do Lactente/psicologia , Política Organizacional , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Docentes/organização & administração , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente/organização & administração , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cultura Organizacional , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Meio Social , Universidades , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209643

RESUMO

Rates of sleep-related infant deaths have plateaued in the past few decades despite ongoing infant sleep practice recommendations to reduce risk of sleep-related infant deaths by the American Academy of Pediatrics. The state department of public health trained facilitators at 28 sites across the state to facilitate a group safe sleep educational program. A prospective, matched pre- and post-test cohort design with follow-up was used to evaluate changes in self-reported knowledge, intentions, and practices. The final sample included 615 matched pre- and post-test surveys, and 66 matched follow-up surveys. The proportion of correct responses on all knowledge and intended practice items increased significantly from pre- to post-test. When asked where their babies would have slept if they had not received the portable crib, 66.1% of participants planned to use a recommended sleep location (e.g., crib or bassinet). At post-test, 62.3% planned to change something about their infant's sleep based on what they learned. At follow-up, knowledge was maintained for all but two items and practices and for half of practice items. The results suggest that participating in the education program was associated with increased knowledge and intended adherence, but that these changes were not maintained at follow-up. These results are in line with the research literature that finds a difference in intentions and actual practices after the baby is born.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita do Lactente , Criança , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Estudos Prospectivos , Sono , Morte Súbita do Lactente/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos
13.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(278): 5892-5901, jul.-2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1343019

RESUMO

Objetivo: Investigar o conhecimento da equipe de enfermagem sobre o manejo não farmacológico da dor e descrever os principais métodos não farmacológicos para o manejo da dor em recém-nascidos pré-termo sob cuidados intensivos. Método: Estudo exploratório-descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, de Fortaleza-CE, Brasil, cuja coleta de dados foi realizada de julho a agosto de 2018, por meio de entrevista e observação dos cuidados de enfermagem aos neonatos. Participaram duas enfermeiras e seis técnicas de enfermagem e observaram-se quatro recém-nascidos quanto às respostas fisiológicas e comportamentais aos procedimentos invasivos durante o tratamento intensivo. Resultados: Os métodos mais utilizados pela equipe de enfermagem na Unidade pesquisada foram: soro glicosado a 25%, sucção não nutritiva, contenção facilitada, leite materno e Método Canguru. Conclusão: Algumas participantes demonstraram não conhecer os métodos para manejo não farmacológico da dor em recém-nascidos pré-termo, constatando-se necessidade de mais pesquisas relacionadas à temática investigada.(AU)


Objective: To investigate the knowledge of the nursing staff on non-pharmacological pain management and describe the main non-pharmacological methods for pain management in preterm newborns under intensive care. Method: Exploratory-descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, carried out in an Intensive Care Unit, in Fortaleza-CE, Brazil, whose data collection was carried out from July to August 2018, through interviews and observation of nursing care to neonates. Two nurses and six nursing technicians participated and four newborns were observed for physiological and behavioral responses to invasive procedures during intensive care. Results: The methods most used by the nursing team in the researched unit were: 25% glucose serum, non-nutritive suction, facilitated containment, breast milk and Kangaroo Method. Conclusion: Some participants demonstrated that they do not know the methods for non-pharmacological management of pain in preterm newborns, confirming the need for more research related to the theme investigated. (AU)


Objetivo: Investigar los conocimientos del equipo de enfermería sobre manejo no farmacológico del dolor y describir los principales métodos no farmacológicos para manejo del dolor en recién nacidos prematuros en cuidados intensivos. Método: Estudio exploratorio descriptivo, cualitativo, realizado en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, en Fortaleza-CE, Brasil, cuya recolección de datos se realizó de julio a agosto de 2018, a través de entrevistas y observación de cuidados de enfermería a neonatos. Participaron dos enfermeras y seis técnicos de enfermería y se observaron a cuatro recién nacidos para determinar las respuestas fisiológicas y conductuales a los procedimientos invasivos durante los cuidados intensivos. Resultados: Los métodos más utilizados por el equipo de enfermería en la unidad investigada fueron: suero de glucosa al 25%, succión no nutritiva, contención facilitada, leche materna y método canguro. Conclusión: Algunos participantes señalaron no conocen los métodos para manejo no farmacológico del dolor en recién nacidos prematuros, por lo que se necesitan más investigaciones relacionadas al tema investigado.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Dor/prevenção & controle , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Enfermagem Neonatal , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cuidado do Lactente
14.
Acta Paediatr ; 110(11): 2951-2957, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146345

RESUMO

With an increasing awareness of the importance of nurturing care and within a framework of Infant- and Family-Centred Developmental Care (IFCDC), zero separation, keeping parent and infant in continuous close physical and psychological proximity to each other, is key. In modern neonatology, high technological and pharmaceutical treatments are consistently integrated with caregiving considerations. Mother-Newborn Couplet Care is a concept of care where the dyad of the ill or prematurely born infant and the mother, needing medical care of her own, are cared for together, from the birth of the baby to its discharge. Mother-Newborn Couplet Care requires systems changes in both obstetrics and paediatrics considering planning and organisation of care, equipment and design of units. Accordingly, strong leadership setting clear goals and changing the professional mindset by providing targeted education and training is crucial to ensure the warranted high quality of care of all mother-baby dyads.


Assuntos
Mães , Neonatologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Parto , Alta do Paciente , Gravidez
15.
Int J Equity Health ; 20(1): 132, 2021 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High coverage of care is essential to improving newborn survival; however, gaps exist in access to timely and appropriate newborn care between and within countries. In high mortality burden settings, health inequities due to social and economic factors may also impact on newborn outcomes. This study aimed to examine equity in co-coverage of newborn care interventions in low- and low middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. METHODS: We analysed secondary data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys in 16 countries. We created a co-coverage index of five newborn care interventions. We examined differences in coverage and co-coverage of newborn care interventions by country, place of birth, and wealth quintile. Using multilevel logistic regression, we examined the association between high co-coverage of newborn care (4 or 5 interventions) and social determinants of health. RESULTS: Coverage and co-coverage of newborn care showed large between- and within-country gaps for home and facility births, with important inequities based on individual, family, contextual, and structural factors. Wealth-based inequities were smaller amongst facility births compared to non-facility births. CONCLUSION: This analysis underlines the importance of facility birth for improved and more equitable newborn care. Shifting births to facilities, improving facility-based care, and community-based or pro-poor interventions are important to mitigate wealth-based inequities in newborn care, particularly in countries with large differences between the poorest and richest families and in countries with very low coverage of care.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Cuidado do Lactente , Adulto , África ao Sul do Saara , Ásia , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 127, 2021 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of essential newborn care is defined as the extent of health care services to improve the health of newborns. However, studies are scarce regarding the quality of newborn care implementation. Therefore, this study aimed to measure the magnitude and factors associated with essential newborn care implementation perceived quality among health facility deliveries in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study design was employed to collect data from 370 randomly selected deliveries in 11 health facilities from November 2018 to March 2019. Essential newborn care implementation perceived quality was assessed in two domains (delivery and process) from clients' perspectives. A pre-tested interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was adopted from different kinds of literature and guidelines. The research data were collected by trained midwives and nurses. A binary logistic regression model was used to identify associated factors with newborn care implementation perceived quality. Odds ratio with 95% CI was computed to assess the strength and significant level of the association at p-value < 0.05. RESULTS: About 338 mothers completed the interview with a response rate of 97.1%. The mean age of the study participants was 26.4 (SD = 5.7) with a range of 12 and 45 years. Most mothers, 84.3%, have attended antenatal care. The overall implementation perceived quality of essential newborn care was found to be 66.3%. The implementation perceived quality of cord care, breast-feeding and thermal care was 75.4, 72.2 and 66.3% respectively. Newborn immunization and vitamin K administration had the lowest implementation perceived quality i.e. 22.4 and 24.3% respectively. Friendly care during delivery (AOR = 5.1, 95% CI: 2.4, 11.0), partograph use (AOR = 3.0, 95% CI: 1.1, 8.6), child immunization service readiness (AOR = 2.9, 95% CI: 1.5, 5.7), BEmEONC service readiness (AOR = 2.1, 95% CI: 1.2, 3.9) and facing no neonatal illness at all (AOR = 4.2, 95% CI: 1.6, 10.9) were significantly associated with good essential newborn care implementation qualities. CONCLUSIONS: The perceived quality of essential newborn care implementation was low in the study area. This is associated with poor readiness on BEmEONC and child immunization services, unfriendly care and not using partograph during delivery. Hence, availing the BEmEONC and the child immunization service inputs, continuous training and motivation of healthcare workers for friendly care are vital for improving essential newborn care implementation perceived quality.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Atenção à Saúde , Cuidado do Lactente/normas , Recém-Nascido , Mães/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Adolescente , Adulto , Aleitamento Materno/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200391, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To build and validate the contents of a bundle for the care of newborn children of mothers with suspected or confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 in the delivery room and in the rooming-in care. METHOD: Methodological research, developed in 2020 in three stages: bibliographic survey, construction of the instrument in Google Forms® and content validation by seven judges. The initial instrument consisted of seven nursing care. The content validity index above 80% was used to assess the agreement between the judges. RESULTS: All items in the bundle reached agreement among judges above 80% after the third round of evaluation. The final version consisted of six items. CONCLUSION: This study allowed the construction and content validation of the proposed bundle. The content proved to be valid and may contribute to the quality of nursing care in the face of the care of these newborns.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , Cuidado do Lactente/métodos , Mães , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidado do Lactente/normas , Recém-Nascido , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Parto , Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Gravidez
18.
Infant Ment Health J ; 42(4): 546-559, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125959

RESUMO

The findings of this empirical research provide new information about the importance of caregiver interactions during care routines, specifically diaper changing, in supporting infant and toddler involvement and well-being. This correlational study involved observations of 144 separate diapering cycles by 31 caregivers with 74 infants and toddlers in 30 infant and toddler classrooms in a U.S. Midwest city. Based on these observations, caregiver responsiveness was found to be significantly related to both child involvement and child well-being. Another feature of caregivers' behavior, caregiver encouragement, was significantly associated with child well-being, but not child involvement. The study results suggest that caregivers' behaviors, specifically responsiveness and encouragement, during diapering are vital proximal processes in the moment-to-moment interactions between a caregiver and child. Thus, responsiveness and encouragement in care routines should be emphasized in infant care settings and be a focus for caregiver professional development, including pre- and in-service training. Although training related to diapering is often restricted to health concerns, the findings suggest that specific caregiver-child interactions during this care routine may support or hinder children's well-being and involvement in the moment. Caregiver responsiveness to children's cues in this context may enhance children's opportunities to practice involvement in bidirectional relationships and support children's well-being.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Saúde da Criança , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidado do Lactente
20.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0250702, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945560

RESUMO

Home birth is very common in the Peruvian Amazon. In rural areas of the Loreto region, home to indigenous populations such as the Kukama-Kukamiria, birth takes place at home constantly. This study aims to understand the preference for home births as well as childbirth and newborn care practices among Kukama-Kukamiria women in rural Loreto. Following a case study approach, sixty semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with recent mothers who experienced childbirth within one year prior to the interview, female relatives of recent mothers who had a role in childbirth, male relatives of recent mothers, community health workers, and traditional healers. We found that for women from these communities, home birth is a courageous act and an intimate (i.e. members of the community and relatives participate in it) and inexpensive practice in comparison with institutional birth. These preferences are also linked to experiences of mistreatment at health facilities, lack of cultural adaptation of birthing services, and access barriers to them. Preparations for home births included handwashing and cleaning delivery surfaces. After birth, waiting for the godparent to arrive to cut the cord can delay drying of the newborn. Discarding of colostrum, lack of skin-to-skin contact as well as a range of responses regarding immediate breastfeeding and immediate drying of the baby were also found. These findings were used to tailor the educational content of the Mamas del Rio program, where community health workers are trained to identify pregnancy early, perform home visits to pregnant women and newborns, and promote essential newborn care practices in case institutional birth is not desired or feasible. We make recommendations to improve Peru's cultural adaptation of birthing services.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado do Lactente/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Peru , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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