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1.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 523-530, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of migraine headaches may involve the entrapment of peripheral craniofacial nerves at specific sites. Cadaveric studies in the general population have confirmed potential compression points of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves at the frontal trigger site. The authors' aim was to describe the intraoperative anatomy of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves at the level of the supraorbital bony rim in patients undergoing frontal migraine surgery and to investigate associated pain. METHODS: PATIENTS: scheduled for frontal-site surgery were enrolled prospectively. The senior author (W.G.A.) evaluated intraoperative anatomy and recorded variables using a detailed form and operative report. The resulting data were analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred eighteen sites among 61 patients were included. The supraorbital nerve traversed a notch in 49 percent, a foramen in 41 percent, a notch plus a foramen in 9.3 percent, and neither a notch nor a foramen in one site. The senior author noted macroscopic nerve compression at 74 percent of sites. Reasons included a tight foramen in 24 percent, a notch with a tight band in 34 percent, and supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves emerging by means of the same notch in 7.6 percent or by means of the same foramen in 4.2 percent. Preoperative pain at a site was significantly associated with nerve compression by a foramen. CONCLUSIONS: The intraoperative anatomy and cause of nerve compression at the frontal trigger site vary greatly among patients. The authors report a supraorbital nerve foramen prevalence of 50.3 percent, which is greater than in previous cadaver studies of the general population. Lastly, the presence of pain at a specific site is associated with macroscopic nerve compression.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca/cirurgia , Pontos-Gatilho/cirurgia , Nervo Facial/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Testa/inervação , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/patologia , Dor Processual/etiologia , Dor Processual/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pontos-Gatilho/anatomia & histologia
2.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 48-51, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902170

RESUMO

Lymphatic metastasis is an independent prognostic factor for surgical prognosis of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) . Lymph node dissection is an important content of radical resection of HCCA, but there are still many disputes about the definition, scope and dissection numbers of intraoperative lymph node dissection. There has been a lot of research being done at home and abroad in recent years focusing on the above problems, and novel insights have also been proposed.According to the current view, routine skeletal dissection of lymph nodes in the duodenum ligament of liver, the common hepatic artery, and the posterior part of the duodenum of pancreas head (the 12(th) group, the 8(th) group and the 13(th) group) during operation can bring significant survival benefits to patients with HCCA. However, it is still not clear whether the dissection of peripheral lymph node in truncus coeliacus, aorta abdominalis, and venae cava inferior during operation can bring survival benefits to HCCA patients during operation. Properly increasing the number of lymph node dissection during operation can not only significantly improve the survival prognosis of the patients of HCCA with stage N0, but also improve the detection rate of positive lymph nodes and obtain enough information for the stage of the disease. However, the excessive increase of total lymph node count is not only difficult to achieve in practice, but may also lead to an increase in the incidence of postoperative complications. Therefore, further investigation is needed in intraoperative lymph node dissection of HCCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Prognóstico
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 405-412, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the outcomes of curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer through an analysis of the clinical, surgical and pathological data and through identifying which of these prognostic factors are associated with survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2798 patients who had undergone excision of the primary lesion and 122 patients with type IV gastric cancer undergoing curative resection (R0 or 1) at Yokohama City University Hospital and Kanagawa Cancer Center between November 1995 and May 2016. RESULTS: Borrmann type IV gastric cancer had more advanced and unfavorable clinicopathological factors compared to other types. The 5-year overall survival rate was 28%, and the median survival was 21.8 months. The overall survival rate was influenced by the depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, peritoneal lavage cytology (CY), stage and intraoperative blood loss. Of these, independent prognostic factors were intraoperative blood loss (<400 vs. ≥400 ml, risk ratio 1.64; p=0.045) and CY (0 vs. 1, risk ratio 2.25; p=0.004). CONCLUSION: The control of intraoperative bleeding had a positive impact on the survival of patients receiving curative resection for Borrmann type IV gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 5-10, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888369

RESUMO

AIMS: Intraoperative 3D navigation (ION) allows high accuracy to be achieved in spinal surgery, but poor workflow has prevented its widespread uptake. The technical demands on ION when used in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are higher than for other more established indications. Lean principles have been applied to industry and to health care with good effects. While ensuring optimal accuracy of instrumentation and safety, the implementation of ION and its associated productivity was evaluated in this study for AIS surgery in order to enhance the workflow of this technique. The aim was to optimize the use of ION by the application of lean principles in AIS surgery. METHODS: A total of 20 consecutive patients with AIS were treated with ION corrective spinal surgery. Both qualitative and quantitative analysis was performed with real-time modifications. Operating time, scan time, dose length product (measure of CT radiation exposure), use of fluoroscopy, the influence of the reference frame, blood loss, and neuromonitoring were assessed. RESULTS: The greatest gains in productivity were in avoiding repeat intraoperative scans (a mean of 248 minutes for patients who had two scans, and a mean 180 minutes for those who had a single scan). Optimizing accuracy was the biggest factor influencing this, which was reliant on incremental changes to the operating setup and technique. CONCLUSION: The application of lean principles to the introduction of ION for AIS surgery helps assimilate this method into the environment of the operating theatre. Data and stakeholder analysis identified a reproducible technique for using ION for AIS surgery, reducing operating time, and radiation exposure. Cite this article: Bone Joint J. 2020;102-B(1):5-10.


Assuntos
Neuronavegação/métodos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Adolescente , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Parafusos Ósseos/estatística & dados numéricos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Masculino , Bloqueadores Neuromusculares/administração & dosagem , Neuronavegação/instrumentação , Duração da Cirurgia , Posicionamento do Paciente , Doses de Radiação , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
JAMA ; 323(3): 225-236, 2020 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961418

RESUMO

Importance: It is not known if use of colloid solutions containing hydroxyethyl starch (HES) to correct for intravascular deficits in high-risk surgical patients is either effective or safe. Objective: To evaluate the effect of HES 130/0.4 compared with 0.9% saline for intravascular volume expansion on mortality and postoperative complications after major abdominal surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group, randomized clinical trial of 775 adult patients at increased risk of postoperative kidney injury undergoing major abdominal surgery at 20 university hospitals in France from February 2016 to July 2018; final follow-up was in October 2018. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive fluid containing either 6% HES 130/0.4 diluted in 0.9% saline (n = 389) or 0.9% saline alone (n = 386) in 250-mL boluses using an individualized hemodynamic algorithm during surgery and for up to 24 hours on the first postoperative day, defined as ending at 7:59 am the following day. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was a composite of death or major postoperative complications at 14 days after surgery. Secondary outcomes included predefined postoperative complications within 14 days after surgery, durations of intensive care unit and hospital stays, and all-cause mortality at postoperative days 28 and 90. Results: Among 826 patients enrolled (mean age, 68 [SD, 7] years; 91 women [12%]), 775 (94%) completed the trial. The primary outcome occurred in 139 of 389 patients (36%) in the HES group and 125 of 386 patients (32%) in the saline group (difference, 3.3% [95% CI, -3.3% to 10.0%]; relative risk, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.91-1.34]; P = .33). Among 12 prespecified secondary outcomes reported, 11 showed no significant difference, but a statistically significant difference was found in median volume of study fluid administered on day 1: 1250 mL (interquartile range, 750-2000 mL) in the HES group and 1500 mL (interquartile range, 750-2150 mL) in the saline group (median difference, 250 mL [95% CI, 83-417 mL]; P = .006). At 28 days after surgery, 4.1% and 2.3% of patients had died in the HES and saline groups, respectively (difference, 1.8% [95% CI, -0.7% to 4.3%]; relative risk, 1.76 [95% CI, 0.79-3.94]; P = .17). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients at risk of postoperative kidney injury undergoing major abdominal surgery, use of HES for volume replacement therapy compared with 0.9% saline resulted in no significant difference in a composite outcome of death or major postoperative complications within 14 days after surgery. These findings do not support the use of HES for volume replacement therapy in such patients. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02502773.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Hidratação/métodos , Derivados de Hidroxietil Amido/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Solução Salina/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
6.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 507-516, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cleft repair requires multiple operations from infancy through adolescence, with repeated exposure to opioids and their associated risks. The authors implemented a quality improvement project to reduce perioperative opioid exposure in their cleft lip/palate population. METHODS: After identifying key drivers of perioperative opioid administration, quality improvement interventions were developed to address these key drivers and reduce postoperative opioid administration from 0.30 mg/kg of morphine equivalents to 0.20 mg/kg of morphine equivalents. Data were retrospectively collected from January 1, 2015, until initiation of the quality improvement project (May 1, 2017), tracked over the 6-month quality improvement study period, and the subsequent 14 months. Metrics included morphine equivalents of opioids received during admission, administration of intraoperative nerve blocks, adherence to revised electronic medical record order sets, length of stay, and pain scores. RESULTS: The final sample included 624 patients. Before implementation (n =354), children received an average of 0.30 mg/kg of morphine equivalents postoperatively. After implementation (n = 270), children received an average of 0.14 mg/kg of morphine equivalents postoperatively (p < 0.001) without increased length of stay (28.3 versus 28.7 hours; p = 0.719) or pain at less than 6 hours (1.78 versus 1.74; p = 0.626) or more than 6 hours postoperatively (1.50 versus 1.49; p = 0.924). CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative opioid administration after cleft repair can be reduced in a relatively short period by identifying key drivers and addressing perioperative education, standardization of intraoperative pain control, and postoperative prioritization of nonopioid medications and nonpharmacologic pain control. The authors' quality improvement framework has promise for adaptation in future efforts to reduce opioid use in other surgical patient populations. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Derivados da Morfina/administração & dosagem , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dor Processual/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Anestesia por Condução/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Protocolos Clínicos , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Lactente , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição da Dor , Satisfação do Paciente , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 28-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232611

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery programmes are established as an essential part of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Optimal pain management is central to the success of an enhanced recovery programme and is acknowledged to be an important patient reported outcome measure. A variety of analgesia strategies are employed in elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery ranging from patient-controlled analgesia to local anaesthetic wound infiltration catheters. However, there is little evidence regarding the optimal analgesia strategy in this cohort of patients. The LapCoGesic study aimed to explore differences in analgesia strategies employed for patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery and to assess whether this variation in practice has an impact on patient-reported and clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, multicentre, observational cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal resection was undertaken over a two-month period. The primary outcome measure was postoperative pain scores at 24 hours. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS version 22. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery were included in the study. Thoracic epidural was used in 4 (3.9%) patients, spinal diamorphine in 56 (54.4%) patients and patient-controlled analgesia in 77 (74.8%) patients. The use of thoracic epidural and spinal diamorphine were associated with lower pain scores on day 1 postoperatively (P < 0.05). The use of patient-controlled analgesia was associated with significantly higher postoperative pain scores and pain severity. DISCUSSION: Postoperative pain is managed in a variable manner in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery, which has an impact on patient reported outcomes of pain scores and pain severity.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Analgesia/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Br J Anaesth ; 124(2): 136-145, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to simulate and compare the healthcare and economic outcomes associated with routine use of intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with those associated with a scenario where TOE is not routinely used. METHODS: The impact of TOE on surgical decision-making was estimated through a systematic literature review. Individual short-term morbidity and mortality estimates were generated by application of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk calculator. Long-term event rates, unit costs, and utility weights were sourced from published literature and expert opinion. A discrete-event simulation model was then constructed to simulate both the in-hospital and post-discharge outcomes for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Robustness of the base case results was examined through deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses. An incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of €30 000 per quality-adjusted life-year gained was assumed to represent acceptable cost-effectiveness. RESULTS: Routine use of intraoperative TOE was associated with lower costs and higher benefits per patient, which indicates that use of TOE is a dominant strategy. The intervention resulted in the avoidance of 299 cardiac complications, 20 strokes, and 11 all-cause deaths per 10 000 patients. Routine intraoperative TOE was associated with an increased occurrence of bleeding owing to more valvular surgery and subsequent long-term anticoagulation. CONCLUSIONS: Routine intraoperative TOE is a cost-effective procedure for patients undergoing cardiac surgery, leading to lower overall costs. It was associated with a decrease in long-term complications including stroke, cardiac complications, and death, although there was a slight increase in extracranial bleeding events.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Análise Custo-Benefício/economia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/economia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/economia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Simulação por Computador , Análise Custo-Benefício/estatística & dados numéricos , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
9.
Curr Opin Ophthalmol ; 31(1): 3-9, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688227

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to cover the preoperative planning, intraoperative considerations, and postoperative management that aids in successful outcomes of patients with cataract and uveitis. Disease-specific management and pediatric management will also be addressed. RECENT FINDINGS: Dexamethasone implants appear to be a safe and effective addition to standard steroid treatment in decreasing the incidence of postoperative cystoid macular edema (CME). Intravitreal steroids and topical difluprednate have shown utility in CME treatment. SUMMARY: Cataract surgery in eyes with uveitis is generally safe and effective if inflammation is well controlled; however, complication rates are still higher than in eyes without uveitis. Future investigations should delineate outcomes for eyes with different etiologies of uveitis, and further research is needed to adequately control inflammation and avoid postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Catarata/complicações , Uveíte/complicações , Administração Oftálmica , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Implantes de Medicamento , Fluprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Fluprednisolona/análogos & derivados , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Injeções Intravítreas , Edema Macular/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
11.
BJOG ; 127(1): 99-105, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the intraoperative human papillomavirus (IOP-HPV) test has the same prognostic value as the HPV test performed at 6 months after treatment of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) to predict treatment failure. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Barcelona, Spain. POPULATION: A cohort of 216 women diagnosed with HSIL and treated with loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). METHODS: After LEEP, an HPV test was performed using the Hybrid Capture 2 system. If this was positive, genotyping was performed with the CLART HPV2 technique. The IOP-HPV test was compared with HPV test at 6 months and with surgical margins. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Treatment failure. RESULTS: Recurrence rate of HSIL was 6%. There was a strong association between a positive IOP-HPV test, a positive 6-month HPV test, positive HPV 16 genotype, positive surgical margins and HSIL recurrence. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the IOP-HPV test were 85.7, 80.8,24.0 and 98.8% and of the HPV test at 6 months were 76.9, 75.8, 17.2 and 98.0%. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative HPV test accurately predicts treatment failure in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2/3. This new approach may allow early identification of patients with recurrent disease, which will not delay the treatment. Genotyping could be useful in detecting high-risk patients. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: IOP-HPV test accurately predicts treatment failure in women with CIN 2/3.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/cirurgia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Eletrocirurgia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Alphapapillomavirus , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Genótipo , Testes de DNA para Papilomavírus Humano/métodos , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Falha de Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
12.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 47(12): 1861-1867, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812311

RESUMO

Pharyngeal packing is believed to reduce postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) frequency, but has the disadvantage of causing throat pain. The present study aimed to investigate whether applying pharyngeal packs soaked with a combination of chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2% and benzydamine hydrochloride 0.15% (CGBH) were effective in preventing postoperative throat pain and PONV in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. A total of 101 patients scheduled for orthognathic surgery were enrolled in this prospective, double-blind, randomized study. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups: those with CGBH-soaked packing, and those with saline-soaked pharyngeal packing. PONV was recorded using a 5-point Likert scale (0: no PONV to 4: severe PONV) immediately after the surgery at 5, 10, and 30 min, and at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h postoperatively. The severity of throat pain was assessed via two methods: visual analogue scale (VAS, 0: no pain, 10: severe pain) and 6-point Likert scale (0: no pain, 5: strongly severe pain) score at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h postoperatively. Mean VAS scores of throat pain were significantly lower in patients receiving CGBH-soaked pharyngeal packs compared to patients receiving saline-soaked pharyngeal packs, at all measured time points. There was a tendency towards less PONV in patients receiving a CGBH-soaked pharyngeal pack compared to those receiving a saline-soaked pharyngeal pack; however, this difference did not reach statistical significance. The results of this study suggest that the usage of CGBH-soaked pharyngeal packs reduce postoperative throat pain in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. Our results support the implementation of CGBH-soaked pharyngeal packing in orthognathic surgery practice, as a measure to improve patient comfort.


Assuntos
Benzidamina/uso terapêutico , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Faringite/prevenção & controle , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/tratamento farmacológico , Tampões Cirúrgicos , Adulto , Benzidamina/administração & dosagem , Clorexidina/administração & dosagem , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Faringite/epidemiologia , Faringite/etiologia , Faringe , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1456-1461, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Remifentanil infusion is used as an intraoperative anesthetic for thyroidectomy, but has been associated with acute opioid tolerance and hyperalgesia. A national shortage of remifentanil provided an opportunity to study postoperative pain in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data from an outpatient surgery center. Primary analysis compared patients treated before and after remifentanil shortage. RESULTS: Median postoperative opioid consumption was 20 morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs) among those treated in the high-dose period and 15 MMEs in the low-dose period. Remifentanil/weight received was a significant predictor of requiring a postoperative narcotic (P = .006). Total non-remifentanil narcotics administered were equivalent but patients in the low dose period received higher amounts of intraoperative long-acting narcotics. CONCLUSIONS: Remifentanil infusion for thyroid surgery is associated with higher postoperative pain and postoperative narcotics requirement. While a hyperalgesia state is possible, shifting of longer-acting narcotics from intraoperative to postoperatively is also supported.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Remifentanil/administração & dosagem , Tireoidectomia , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Alta do Paciente , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17767, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689838

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prophylactic intraoperative bilateral uterine or internal iliac artery embolization in planned cesarean for pernicious placenta previa in the third trimester of pregnancy.The patients with pernicious placenta previa were retrospectively included from January 2011 to May 2018, being divided into embolization group and control group. Intraoperative uterine artery embolization (UAE) or internal iliac artery embolization (IIAE) was undertaken to stop intrapartum and postpartum hemorrhage in embolization group.There were no significant differences on age, pregnancy times, gestational age, neonatal weight, neonatal asphyxia, prenatal bleeding, placental implantation, and mortality between embolization group and control group (P > .05). The amount of intraoperative and postoperative bleeding in embolization group was significantly greater than that in control group (P < .05). However, the hysterectomy rate in the embolization group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < .05). Two (6.25%, 2/32) cases had undergone the second time embolotherapy after 8 hours of cesarean surgery because of severe vaginal bleeding. One case (3.13%, 1/32) died of diffuse intravascular coagulation because of hemorrhagic shock in embolization group. Transient and self-remitted lumbosacral pain was present in 28 (95%, 28/32) patients and no other severe interventional complications were reported in embolization group. All babies in 2 groups were healthy at half to 5 years' follow-up.The prophylactic intraoperative embolization of bilateral UAE or IIAE may be an effective strategy to treat intractable peripartum hemorrhage and preserve the fertility in patients with pernicious placenta previa.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Embolização da Artéria Uterina/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Profiláticos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Artéria Uterina/cirurgia
16.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 16(11): 989-997, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648570

RESUMO

Background: Saline is not biocompatible with saphenous vein grafts and does not protect against ischemia reperfusion injury. We compared normal heparinized saline with DuraGraft, a new graft-storage solution, in in-vitro and ex-vivo assays to evaluate the effects on cells and vascular graft tissue.Methods: Human saphenous vein (HSV) segments and isolated pig mammary veins (PMVs) were flushed and submerged in heparinized DuraGraft or heparinized saline for prespecified times. Following exposure, HSV segments were evaluated for viability and tissue morphology, and PMVs underwent histological assessments, to evaluate vein morphology and effects on the vascular endothelium. The performance of saline versus DuraGraft was compared in an ISO-compliant biocompatibility assay for cytotoxicity.Results: Loss of HSV graft-cell viability was observed as early as 15 minutes post-exposure to saline whereas viability was maintained up to 5 hours' exposure to DuraGraft. Histological analyses performed with PMVs demonstrated endothelial damage in PMVs stored in saline. Cytotoxicity assays demonstrated that saline-induced microscopically visible cell damage occurred within 60 minutes. DuraGraft-treated cells did not show evidence of damage or reactivity.Conclusions: Normal saline caused damage to vascular endothelium, loss of graft cell viability, and mediated cell damage; no evidence of damage or reactivity was observed in DuraGraft-exposed cells.


Assuntos
Prótese Vascular , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Veia Safena/transplante , Idoso , Animais , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/irrigação sanguínea , Camundongos , Molécula-1 de Adesão Celular Endotelial a Plaquetas/metabolismo , Suínos , Fator de von Willebrand/metabolismo
17.
Chirurg ; 90(11): 887-890, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fluorescence angiography with indocyanine green (ICG-FA) is frequently used in colorectal surgery to assess the blood perfusion in the region of an anastomosis. Previous studies with ICG-FA in both open and laparoscopic surgery could show a low rate of anastomotic leakage, e.g. the PILLAR II study with a leakage rate of 1.4%. This article presents own results, the current status of ICG-FA and the fields of application. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze whether the results obtained so far with ICG-FA are sufficient to recommend an extended use of this relatively new method in colorectal surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From July 2009 to June 2019 a total of 378 colorectal resections (280 colon resections and 98 rectal resections) with intraoperative examination of the anastomosis using ICG-FA were performed. In 13 patients (3.4%) there was reduced intraoperative perfusion, which led to a change in the operative procedure (resection of the anastomosis and new anastomosis, colostomy). RESULTS: The total anastomotic leakage rate was 3.7% with 8 leaks in the colon (2.9%) and 6 in the rectum (6.1%). Without the intraoperative change in 13 patients the rate of leakages could have increased to 7.1% (27/378). The use of ICG-FA in the group of patients studied potentially led to a reduction of the leakage rate by 48%. Current publications show similar results with a potential decrease in the rate of anastomotic leaks in colorectal surgery. CONCLUSION: The results show a very low rate of anastomotic leakage when using ICG-FA. These results are promising in colorectal surgery but controlled randomized studies are lacking and should be carried out before final recommendations can be given.


Assuntos
Colo , Cirurgia Colorretal , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Colectomia/métodos , Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Colorretal/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Cuidados Intraoperatórios
19.
Br J Anaesth ; 123(6): 898-913, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587835

RESUMO

Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) occur frequently and are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Evidence suggests that reduction of PPCs can be accomplished by using lung-protective ventilation strategies intraoperatively, but a consensus on perioperative management has not been established. We sought to determine recommendations for lung protection for the surgical patient at an international consensus development conference. Seven experts produced 24 questions concerning preoperative assessment and intraoperative mechanical ventilation for patients at risk of developing PPCs. Six researchers assessed the literature using questions as a framework for their review. The modified Delphi method was utilised by a team of experts to produce recommendations and statements from study questions. An expert consensus was reached for 22 recommendations and four statements. The following are the highlights: (i) a dedicated score should be used for preoperative pulmonary risk evaluation; and (ii) an individualised mechanical ventilation may improve the mechanics of breathing and respiratory function, and prevent PPCs. The ventilator should initially be set to a tidal volume of 6-8 ml kg-1 predicted body weight and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) 5 cm H2O. PEEP should be individualised thereafter. When recruitment manoeuvres are performed, the lowest effective pressure and shortest effective time or fewest number of breaths should be used.


Assuntos
Cooperação Internacional , Pneumopatias/prevenção & controle , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17316, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574861

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of intraoperative positions in single-level (L4-5) transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) on segmental and overall lumbar lordosis (LL) in patients with lumbar degenerative disease. Thirty-eight consecutive patients who had undergone single-segment (L4-5) TLIF with 0° polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage and pedicle screw fixation were evaluated. Twenty patients underwent surgery on the four-poster type frame with hip flexion at 30° (Group I) and 18 patients were operated on a Jackson spinal table to adjust their hip flexion to 0° (Group II). Preoperative standing, intraoperative prone, and postoperative standing lateral radiographs were obtained in each patient. The overall and segmental LL were analyzed according to the position in which the patients were placed for their operation and results compared between Groups I and II. Intraoperative intervertebral segmental LL at L4-5 and L5-S1 was increased in Group II than in Group I, whereas postoperative intervertebral segmental LL at L4-5 (fused level) was increased LL. In Group I intraoperative intervertebral segmental LL at L4-5 did not achieve sufficient lordosis, whereas postoperative intervertebral segmental LL at L3-4 was increased. The overall spinal alignment was unaffected by the decreased segmental LL in the fused level owing to the compensation of the upper adjacent segments. The more the hip was extended intraoperatively, the more the segmental lordosis increased in the lower lumbar spine. Thus, selecting the appropriate surgical table and hip position are very important. Underachievement of segmental lordosis leads to the acceleration of upper adjacent segment load.


Assuntos
Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Lordose , Vértebras Lombares , Mesas Cirúrgicas , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Fusão Vertebral , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Lordose/diagnóstico , Lordose/fisiopatologia , Lordose/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia/métodos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia
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