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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e51034, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1118073

RESUMO

Objetivo: verificar se a redução da taxa de hemoglobina no pós-operatório de revascularização do miocárdio interfere na função renal dos pacientes. Método: estudo observacional e prospectivo, desenvolvido entre fevereiro e junho de 2016, com 51 pacientes que realizaram cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio em um hospital especializado em cardiologia do Distrito Federal. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um instrumento estruturado. O teste exato de Fisher, Qui-quadrado e Kruskal Wallis foram empregados para análise estatística. Considerou-se significativo resultados com p≤0,05. Projeto de pesquisa aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética, protocolo 44999215.9.0000.0026. Resultados: entre os pacientes, 45 (78,9%) evoluíram com lesão renal aguda após revascularização do miocárdio. Idade mais elevada (64±9 anos, p=0,05), tempo de circulação extracorpórea (p=0,05), índice de massa corporal (p=0,02), uso de antibióticos (p=0,03) e redução da taxa de hemoglobina (p=0,04), contribuíram para lesão renal aguda. Conclusão: a redução da taxa de hemoglobina foi associada estatisticamente à lesão renal aguda após revascularização do miocárdio.


Objective: to determine whether decreased hemoglobin rate after myocardial revascularization surgery interferes with patients' renal function. Method: this prospective, observational study was conducted between February and June 2016 with 51 patients who underwent myocardial revascularization surgery at a specialist cardiology hospital specializing in the Federal District. Data were collected using a structured instrument. The Fisher's exact, Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used for statistical analysis. Results were considered significant at p ≤ 0.05. The research project was approved by the research ethics committee (Protocol 44999215.9.0000.0026). Results: it was observed that 45 patients (78.9%) developed acute kidney injury after myocardial revascularization. Oldest age (64 ± 9 years, p = 0.05), cardiopulmonary bypass time (p = 0.05), body mass index (p = 0.02), use of antibiotics (p = 0.03), and decreased hemoglobin rate (p = 0.04) contributed to acute kidney injury. Conclusion: decreased hemoglobin rate was statistically associated with acute kidney injury following myocardial revascularization.


Objetivo: verificar si la reduciendo la tasa de hemoglobina en el postoperatorio de revascularización miocárdica interfiere con la función renal de los pacientes. Método: estudio observacional prospectivo realizado entre febrero y junio de 2016 con 51 pacientes que se sometieron a una cirugía de revascularización miocárdica en un hospital especializado en cardiología en el Distrito Federal. Los datos fueron recolectados utilizando un instrumento estructurado. La prueba exacta de Fisher, Chicuadrado y Kruskal-Wallis se utilizaron para el análisis estadístico. Los resultados se consideraron significativos con p≤0.05. Proyecto de investigación aprobado por el Comité de Ética, protocolo 44999215.9.0000.0026. Resultados: se observó que 45 (78,9%) pacientes desarrollaron lesión renal aguda después de la revascularización miocárdica. Edad avanzada (64 ± 9 años, p = 0.05), tiempo de circulación corporal extra (p = 0.05), índice de masa corporal (p = 0.02), uso de antibióticos (p = 0.03) y tasa de hemoglobina reducida (p = 0.04), contribuyó a lesión renal aguda. Conclusión: reduciendo la tasa de hemoglobina contribuyó a lesión renal aguda después de la revascularización miocárdica.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Hemoglobinas , Lesão Renal Aguda , Revascularização Miocárdica , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Brasil , Estudos Prospectivos , Creatinina/sangue , Estudo Observacional , Cuidados de Enfermagem
2.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180486, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1059147

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the health-related quality of life of patients with a permanent cardiac pacemaker. Method: descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study conducted in the arrhythmia outpatient unit of a university hospital located in the interior of São Paulo, Brazil. The consecutive and non-probabilistic sample was composed of both sexes, older than 29 years old, having a pacemaker for at least one month. Those lacking the cognitive condition to answer the questionnaires, as well as those with dyspnea, weakness, or fatigue at the time the instruments were applied, or with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, were excluded. The generic instrument Medical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey, composed of 36 questions distributed into eight domains along with the specific instrument Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, composed of 20 questions distributed into three domains, were used to assess health-related quality of life. Results: 88 patients participated; most were men, had a partner, and were aged 64.3 (±13) years old on average. The domains from the Medical Outcomes Study 36 that obtained the highest means, that is, were the best-rated, were Social Functioning (78.1; ±26.8) and Emotional Well-Being (68.2; ±23.9), while the lowest means were obtained by Physical Health (48.2; ±41.4) and Physical Functioning (58.5; ±27.9). In regard to the Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, the Arrhythmia domain had the highest mean and best quality of life (78.2; ±20.7), while the lowest mean was Dyspnea (71.1; ±26.8). Conclusion: the patients gave the highest health-related quality of life ratings in regard to mental domains and the lowest ratings for the physical domains.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de pacientes con marcapaso cardíaco definitivo. Método: estudio observacional descriptivo, transversal, realizado en el ambulatorio de arritmia de un hospital universitario del interior del estado de Sao Paulo. La muestra consecutiva y no probabilística estuvo constituida de pacientes de los dos sexos, mayores de 18 años, con marcapaso hace, por lo menos, un mes. Fueron excluidos los que no presentaron condiciones cognitivas para responder a los cuestionarios, como también aquellos que presentaron disnea, debilidad y fatiga, en el momento de la aplicación de los instrumentos; y, también aquellos con desfibrilador cardioversor implantable. Para la evaluación de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, se utilizó el instrumento genéricoMedical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey, compuesto por 36 preguntas distribuidas en ocho dominios, y el instrumento específicoAssessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, compuesto por 20 preguntas distribuidas en tres dominios. Resultados: participaron 88 pacientes, la mayoría del sexo masculino y con compañero, con edad media de 64,3 (±13) años. Los dominios que presentaron mayores medias, así como mejores evaluaciones, fueron Aspectos Sociales (78,1; ±26,8) y Salud Mental (68,2; ±23,9), y las menores fueron Aspectos Físicos (48,2; ±41,4) y Capacidad Funcional (58,5; ±27,9), referentes alMedical OutcomesStudy 36. En cuanto al Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, el dominio de mayor media y mejor calidad de vida fue Arritmia (78,2; ±20,7), y el de menor, Disnea (71,1; ±26,8). Conclusión: los pacientes presentaron mejores evaluaciones da calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en los dominios mentales y peores en los dominios físicos.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pacientes com marca-passo cardíaco definitivo. Método: estudo observacional descritivo, transversal, realizado no ambulatório de arritmia de um hospital universitário do interior paulista. Amostra consecutiva e não probabilística foi constituída de pacientes de ambos os sexos, maiores de 18 anos, com marca-passo há pelo menos um mês. Foram excluídos os que não apresentaram condições cognitivas para responder aos questionários, como também aqueles que apresentaram dispneia, fraqueza e fadiga no momento da aplicação dos instrumentos e com cardioversor desfibrilador implantável. Para a avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, utilizou-se o instrumento genérico Medical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey, composto por 36 questões distribuídas em oito domínios, e o instrumento específico Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, composto por 20 questões distribuídas em três domínios. Resultados: participaram 88 pacientes, a maioria do sexo masculino e com companheiro, com a média de idade de 64,3 (±13). Os domínios que apresentaram maiores médias, assim como melhores avaliações, foram Aspectos Sociais (78,1; ±26,8) e Saúde Mental (68,2; ±23,9), e as menores foram em Aspectos Físicos (48,2; ±41,4) e Capacidade Funcional (58,5; ±27,9), referentes ao Medical Outcomes Study 36. Quanto ao Assessment of Quality of Life and Related Events, o domínio de maior média e melhor qualidade de vida foi Arritmia (78,2; ±20,7), e o de menor, Dispneia (71,1; ±26,8). Conclusão: os pacientes apresentaram melhores avaliações da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde nos domínios mentais e piores nos domínios físicos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Marca-Passo Artificial , Arritmias Cardíacas , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Qualidade de Vida , Enfermagem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e22857, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal carcinoma has a high incidence rate and the high mortality rate has always been an important global health challenge. Surgical treatment is widely performed in patients with colorectal carcinoma. Fast track surgery (FTS) applies evidence-based medical concept to optimize the management during the operation, so as to reduce the psychological and physical trauma stress of surgical patients and make them recover rapidly. We perform this protocol for randomized controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of a rapid rehabilitation care in colorectal carcinoma surgery. METHODS: It is a single-center randomized controlled study to be conducted from January 2021 to December 2021. It was authorized via the Ethics Committee of the Huzhou Central Hospital (20191127-01). Eighty participants who undergo colorectal carcinoma surgery will be included in this research. Patients are randomly assigned to control group (standard management group, including 40 samples) and study group (the FTS group, including 40 samples). The main results are times of postoperative exhaust, first defecation, ambulation, first eating, and postoperative hospital stay. Secondary outcomes are incidence of nausea and emesis, wound infection, urinary tract infection, lung infection, deep vein thrombosis, and rehospitalization rate among the 2 groups. All analyses are conducted using the SPSS for Windows Release 15.0. RESULTS: Figure 1 shows the clinical results between groups. CONCLUSION: The research can offer a reliable basis for the effectiveness of a rapid recovery nursing program in patients with colorectal carcinoma. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry6038).


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/reabilitação , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Enfermagem em Reabilitação
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22769, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in early rehabilitation of patients with postoperative complications after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: 37 patients (25 men and 12 women) aged 45 to 70 years with postoperative complications after cardiovascular surgery were included in the study. Eighteen patients underwent NMES daily since postoperative day 3 until discharge in addition to standard rehabilitation program (NMES group), and 19 patients underwent standard rehabilitation program only (non-NMES group). The primary outcome was the knee extensors strength at discharge in NMES group and in control. Secondary outcomes were the handgrip strength, knee flexor strength, and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the quadriceps femoris in groups at discharge. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were not different between the groups. Knee extensors strength at discharge was significantly higher in the NMES group (28.1 [23.8; 36.2] kg on the right and 27.45 [22.3; 33.1] kg on the left) than in the non-NMES group (22.3 [20.1; 27.1] and 22.5 [20.1; 25.9] kg, respectively; P < .001). Handgrip strength, knee flexor strength, quadriceps CSA, and 6 minute walk distance at discharge in the groups had no significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study shows a beneficial effect of NMES on muscle strength in patients with complications after cardiovascular surgery. The use of NMES showed no effect on strength of non-stimulated muscle, quadriceps CSA, and distance of 6-minute walk test at discharge.Further blind randomized controlled trials should be performed with emphasis on the effectiveness of NEMS in increasing muscle strength and structure in these patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Sarcopenia/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Reabilitação Cardíaca , Feminino , Força da Mão , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Projetos Piloto , Sarcopenia/etiologia , Teste de Caminhada
5.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol ; 33(6): 711-717, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002957

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Implementation of enhanced recovery pathways have allowed migration of complex surgical procedures from inpatient setting to the outpatient setting. These programs improve patient safety and patient-reported outcomes. The present article discusses the principles of enhanced recovery pathways in adults undergoing ambulatory surgery with an aim of improving patient safety and postoperative outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Procedure and patient selection is one of the key elements that influences perioperative outcomes after ambulatory surgery. Other elements include optimization of comorbid conditions, patient and family education, minimal preoperative fasting and adequate hydration during the fasting period, use of fast-track anesthesia technique, lung-protective mechanical ventilation, maintenance of fluid balance, and multimodal pain, nausea, and vomiting prophylaxis. SUMMARY: Implementation of enhanced recovery pathways requires a multidisciplinary approach in which the anesthesiologist should take a lead in collaborating with surgeons and perioperative nurses. Measuring compliance with enhanced recovery pathways through an audit program is essential to evaluate success and need for protocol modification. The metrics to assess the impact of enhanced recovery pathways include complication rates, patient reported outcomes, duration of postoperative stay in the surgical facility, unplanned hospital admission rate, and 7-day and 30-day readmission rates.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/métodos , Anestesia , Procedimentos Clínicos , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Clínicos/normas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Seleção de Pacientes , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
6.
Anesth Analg ; 131(4): 1156-1163, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ideal timing of postoperative ß-blockers is unclear. We hypothesized that patients who do not receive ß-blockers immediately after cardiac surgery would have increased in-hospital mortality (primary outcome) and postoperative hemodynamic, pulmonary, neurologic, or respiratory complications (secondary outcomes). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study evaluating patients who underwent cardiac surgery at our institution from January 1, 2013 to September 30, 2017. We compared outcomes between patients who received ß-blockers by postoperative day (POD) 5 with outcomes in patients who did not receive ß-blockers at any time or received them after POD 5. Inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to minimize confounding. Univariate logistic regression analyses were performed on the weighted sets using absent or delayed ß-blockers as the independent variable and each outcome as dependent variables in separate analyses. A secondary analysis was performed in patients prescribed preoperative ß-blockers. E-values were calculated for significant outcomes. RESULTS: All results were confounder adjusted. Among patients presenting for cardiac surgery, not receiving ß-blockers by POD 5 or at any time was not associated with the primary outcome in-hospital mortality, estimated odds ratio (OR; 99.5% confidence interval [CI]) of 1.6 (0.49-5.1), P = .28. Not receiving ß-blockers by POD 5 or at any time was associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation, estimated OR (99.5% CI) of 1.5 (1.1-2.1), P < .001, and pulmonary complications, estimated OR (99.5% CI) of 3.0 (1.8-5.2), P < .001. E-values were 2.4 for postoperative atrial fibrillation and 5.6 for pulmonary complications. Among patients presenting for cardiac surgery taking preoperative ß-blockers, not receiving ß-blockers by POD 5 or at any time was not associated with the primary outcome mortality, with estimated OR (99.5% CI) of 1.3 (0.43-4.1), P = .63. In this subset, not receiving ß-blockers by POD 5 or at any time was associated with increased adjusted ORs of postoperative atrial fibrillation (OR = 1.6; 99.5% CI, 1.1-2.4; P < .001) and postoperative pulmonary complications (OR = 2.8; 99.5% CI, 1.6-5.2; P < .001). Here, e-values were 2.7 for postoperative atrial fibrillation and 5.1 for pulmonary complications. For the sensitivity analyses for secondary outcomes, exposure and outcome periods overlap. Outcomes may have occurred before or after postoperative ß-blocker administration. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients who undergo cardiac surgery, not receiving postoperative ß-blockers within the first 5 days after cardiac surgery or at any time is not associated with in-hospital mortality and is associated with, but may not necessarily cause, postoperative atrial fibrillation and pulmonary complications.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238649, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have found that muscle depletion may be a prognostic predictor in patients with pancreatic cancer (PC). However, in these studies, limited data were used to assess the relationship between the serial change in body composition and outcomes after PC resection. Hence, we evaluated the changes in body composition during the perioperative period in patients with PC and their association with the overall survival (OS). METHODS: A total of 89 patients with PC who received surgery with curative intent between 2006 and 2015 were included in this study retrospectively. These patients underwent serial computed tomography (CT) scans: preoperatively, immediately after surgery (4 weeks), and 12 and 24 weeks after resection. The muscle and visceral fat areas were measured at the third lumbar vertebra level on cross-sectional CT images using sliceOmatic V5.0 program (TomoVision, Canada). The body composition ratio was determined by dividing the post-resection body composition at each point (4, 12, and 24 weeks) by the pre-resection body composition. Patients were divided into two groups-higher and lower groups-based on this body composition ratio (skeletal muscle mass ratio [SMR], visceral fat mass ratio [VFR]). The OS was compared between the two groups using the log-rank test. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 63 (27-84) years, and the baseline body mass index was 23.0 (17.0-35.8) kg/m2. In the comparison of the SMR, there was no significant difference in the OS between the two groups at 4 and 12 weeks (4 weeks, P = 0.488; 12 weeks, P = 0.397). However, the higher group showed a longer OS than the lower group at 24 weeks (39 vs. 20 months, P = 0.008). Similarly, in the VFR, there was no significant difference in the OS between the two groups at 4 and 12 weeks (4 weeks, P = 0.732; 12 weeks, P = 0.060). However, the OS was longer in the higher group at 24 weeks (35 vs. 22 months, P = 0.023). When we analyzed the effect of muscle restoration at 24 weeks after resection on the OS by gender, there was no significant difference between the OS and SMR in the male group (P = 0.213), but a significant difference was noted in the female group (P = 0.002). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, the SMR at 24 weeks after resection was significantly associated with the OS (P = 0.023) but not VFR at 24 weeks. In 69 patients without recurrence at 6 months, the SMR at 24 weeks was related to longer OS but without statistical significance (P = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the restoration of muscle mass at 24 weeks after resection may be an independent prognostic factor for survival in patients with resected PC.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Tamanho do Órgão , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22029, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899058

RESUMO

This study aims to describe the role of open surgical treatment for focal brainstem gliomas (FBSGs) with the assistance of multimodal neuronavigation and intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IOM) in children to investigate the efficacy of microsurgical treatment in pediatric FBSGs. Also the prognostic factors related to the overall survival (OS) of FBSGs to describe the patient and tumor characteristics relevant to prognosis/outcome were focused on. Clinical data of 63 pediatric patients below 16 years of age with FBSGs admitted to the Neurosurgical Unit of Beijing Tiantan Hospital from January 2012 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent initial surgical treatment, followed by magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), neuronavigation and IOM. Gross or near total resection (GTR or NTR) was achieved in 57/63 (90.5%) cases, and subtotal resection (STR) was achieved in 6/63 (9.5%) cases. Postoperative adjuvant therapy was received by 27/63 (42.9%) cases. Postoperative pathological examination revealed that 36/63 (57.1%) cases had grade I gliomas, 22/63 (34.9%) had grade II, and 5/63 (8.0%) had grade III-IV gliomas according to the WHO classification. The mean Karnofsky score preoperatively was 60, and at the time of follow-up was 90. Consecutively, 6 cases demonstrated disease progression, and 5 of these were deceased. The OS in all patients was 81.2% at 5 years. Histological grade (P < .001) and age at diagnosis (P = .023) showed significant association with prolonged OS. Multimodal neuronavigation and IOM allow very precise intracranial surgery, contributing to a maximally safe resection that might decrease the postoperative disability and mortality rate. This study also showed that pediatric FBSGs were mostly low-grade tumors with excellent surgical outcomes. Consequently, it is suggested that microsurgery can be used to treat FBSGs in children in order to provide better prognosis and survival outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/patologia , Glioma/cirurgia , Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória/métodos , Neuronavegação/métodos , Adolescente , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Gradação de Tumores , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5295-5299, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the prophylactic efficacy of postoperative single intravesical instillation with pirarubicin (THP) and mitomycin C (MMC) for low-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 103 clinically low-risk NMBC patients were preoperatively randomized into either THP (n=49) or MMC (n=54) groups. The primary endpoint was recurrence-free survival. RESULTS: The median follow-up periods of the THP and MMC groups were 955 and 1008 days, respectively (p=0.76). Twelve patients (24.5%) in the THP group and 7 (13%) in the MMC group had bladder cancer recurrences. The two-year recurrence-free survival of the THP group and the MMC group was 77.8% and 86.4%, respectively (p=0.20). Neither groups had severe toxicity. CONCLUSION: In low-risk NMBC, the prophylactic effect against postoperative single intravesical instillation with THP was not superior to that with MMC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravesical , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Cistoscópios , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitomicina/administração & dosagem , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842493

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing ileostomy surgery often experience electrolyte disturbances and dehydration, especially during the first post-operative period. Recently, research has also begun on how the newly constructed ileostomy affects the patient's nutritional status. AIM: The aim of the present pilot study was to assess the nutritional status of patients before and after the construction of the ileostomy as well as nutrition-related factors. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a pilot study. The sample consisted of 13 adult patients diagnosed with colorectal or colon cancer who underwent scheduled ileostomy surgery. The evaluation tool used was "Original Full Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)". Patients underwent nutritional assessment before the surgery (time 0), on the 7th post-operative day (time 1), and on the 20th post-operative day (time 2). The statistical significance level was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: All patients had a drop in MNA score on the 7th and 20th post-operative days. Factors associated with MNA were weight loss, mobility, body mass index (BMI), number of full meals consumed per day, portions of fruits and vegetables consumed per day, and mid-arm circumference, p < 0.05, respectively. Pre-operatively, 38.5%, of patients had severe weight loss (>3 kg), 23% moderate weight loss and 38.5% minimal weight loss. Pre-operatively, 92.3% of participants were able to move on their own and 69.2% on the 20th post-operatively day. Furthermore, BMI >23 kg/m2 had 84.6% of participants pre-operatively and 30.8% on the 20th post-operative day. In terms of portions of fruits and vegetables consumed per day, 30.8% of patients consumed at least 2 times, pre-operatively and no one (0%) on the 20th post-operative day. Moreover, pre-operatively all participants (100%) had arm circumference >22 cm while on the 20th post-operative day, only 38.5% of participants had arm circumference >22 cm. CONCLUSIONS: In the first 20 days after the construction of an ileostomy, the nutritional status of the patients is significantly affected. Decreased patient nutrition in both quantity and ingredients and reduced fluid intake appear to adversely affect the patient's nutritional status.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Ileostomia/efeitos adversos , Desnutrição/etiologia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Projetos Piloto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Perda de Peso
12.
Anesthesiology ; 133(4): 801-811, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early ambulation after total hip arthroplasty predicts early discharge. Spinal anesthesia is preferred by many practices but can delay ambulation, especially with bupivacaine. Mepivacaine, an intermediate-acting local anesthetic, could enable earlier ambulation than bupivacaine. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that patients who received mepivacaine would ambulate earlier than those who received hyperbaric or isobaric bupivacaine for primary total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I to III patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty. The patients were randomized 1:1:1 to 52.5 mg of mepivacaine, 11.25 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine, or 12.5 mg of isobaric bupivacaine for spinal anesthesia. The primary outcome was ambulation between 3 and 3.5 h. Secondary outcomes included return of motor and sensory function, postoperative pain, opioid consumption, transient neurologic symptoms, urinary retention, intraoperative hypotension, intraoperative muscle tension, same-day discharge, length of stay, and 30-day readmissions. RESULTS: Of 154 patients, 50 received mepivacaine, 53 received hyperbaric bupivacaine, and 51 received isobaric bupivacaine. Patient characteristics were similar among groups. For ambulation at 3 to 3.5 h, 35 of 50 (70.0%) of patients met this endpoint in the mepivacaine group, followed by 20 of 53 (37.7%) in the hyperbaric bupivacaine group, and 9 of 51 (17.6%) in the isobaric bupivacaine group (P < 0.001). Return of motor function occurred earlier with mepivacaine. Pain and opioid consumption were higher for mepivacaine patients in the early postoperative period only. For ambulatory status, 23 of 50 (46.0%) of mepivacaine, 13 of 53 (24.5%) of hyperbaric bupivacaine, and 11 of 51 (21.5%) of isobaric bupivacaine patients had same-day discharge (P = 0.014). Length of stay was shortest in mepivacaine patients. There were no differences in transient neurologic symptoms, urinary retention, hypotension, muscle tension, or dizziness. CONCLUSIONS: Mepivacaine patients ambulated earlier and were more likely to be discharged the same day than both hyperbaric bupivacaine and isobaric bupivacaine patients. Mepivacaine could be beneficial for outpatient total hip arthroplasty candidates if spinal is the preferred anesthesia type.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia/métodos , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Bupivacaína/administração & dosagem , Deambulação Precoce/métodos , Mepivacaína/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Idoso , Raquianestesia/tendências , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/tendências , Deambulação Precoce/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/tendências
14.
Br J Anaesth ; 125(5): 739-749, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ensuring that lung-protective ventilation is achieved at scale is challenging in perioperative practice. Fully automated ventilation may be more effective in delivering lung-protective ventilation. Here, we compared automated lung-protective ventilation with conventional ventilation after elective cardiac surgery in haemodynamically stable patients. METHODS: In this single-centre investigator-led study, patients were randomly assigned at the end of cardiac surgery to receive either automated (adaptive support ventilation) or conventional ventilation. The primary endpoint was the proportion of postoperative ventilation time characterised by exposure to predefined optimal, acceptable, and critical (injurious) ventilatory parameters in the first three postoperative hours. Secondary outcomes included severe hypoxaemia (Spo2 <85%) and resumption of spontaneous breathing. Data are presented as mean (95% confidence intervals [CIs]). RESULTS: We randomised 220 patients (30.4% females; age: 62-76 yr). Subjects randomised to automated ventilation (n=109) spent a 29.7% (95% CI: 22.1-37.4) higher mean proportion of postoperative ventilation time receiving optimal postoperative ventilation after surgery (P<0.001) compared with subjects receiving conventional postoperative ventilation (n=111). Automated ventilation also reduced the proportion of postoperative ventilation time that subjects were exposed to injurious ventilatory settings by 2.5% (95% CI: 1-4; P=0.003). Severe hypoxaemia was less likely in subjects randomised to automated ventilation (risk ratio: 0.26 [0.22-0.31]; P<0.01). Subjects resumed spontaneous breathing more rapidly when randomised to automated ventilation (hazard ratio: 1.38 [1.05-1.83]; P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Fully automated ventilation in haemodynamically stable patients after cardiac surgery optimised lung-protective ventilation during postoperative ventilation, with fewer episodes of severe hypoxaemia and an accelerated resumption of spontaneous breathing. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03180203.


Assuntos
Automação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/instrumentação , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/instrumentação , Respiração Artificial/instrumentação , Idoso , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1010-1015, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731826

RESUMO

AIMS: Responsiveness and ceiling effects are key properties of an outcome score. No such data have been reported for the original English version of the International Hip Outcome Tool 12 (iHOT-12) at a follow-up of more than four months. The aim of this study was to identify the responsiveness and ceiling effects of the English version iHOT-12 in a series of patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for intra-articular hip pathology at a minimum of one year postoperatively. METHODS: A total of 171 consecutive patients undergoing hip arthroscopy with a diagnosis of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) under the care of a single surgeon between January 2013 and March 2017 were included. iHOT-12 and EuroQol 5D-5L (EQ-5D-5L) scores were available pre- and postoperatively. Effect size and ceiling effects for the iHOT-12 were calculated with subgroup analysis. RESULTS: A total of 122 patients (71.3%) completed postoperative PROMs scores with median follow-up of 24.3 months (interquartile range (IQR) 17.2 to 33.5). The median total cohort iHOT-12 score improved significantly from 31.0 (IQR 20 to 58) preoperatively to 72.5 (IQR 47 to 90) postoperatively (p < 0.001). The effect size (Cohen's d) was 1.59. In all, 33 patients (27%) scored within ten points (10%) of the maximum score and 38 patients (31.1%) scored within the previously reported minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of the maximum score. Furthermore, nine (47%) male patients aged < 30 years scored within 10% of the maximum score and ten (53%) scored within the previously reported MCID of the maximum score. CONCLUSION: There is a previously unreported ceiling effect of the iHOT-12 at a minimum one-year follow-up which is particularly marked in young, male patients following hip arthroscopy for FAI. This tool may not have the maximum measurement required to capture the true outcome following this procedure. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1010-1015.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Impacto Femoroacetabular/diagnóstico , Medição da Dor , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diferença Mínima Clinicamente Importante , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Pesos e Medidas
16.
Med Clin North Am ; 104(5): 895-908, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773053

RESUMO

Geriatric patients are not just older adult patients. Aging brings about unique physiologic, psychological, and sociologic changes within individuals. Recognition of these unique characteristics and measuring for their impact; instituting mitigating strategies; using age-specific anesthetic measures; and performing a systematic, algorithmic care model in the postoperative period overseen by a multidisciplinary team brings about enhanced outcomes and improved quality of care for this expanding group of patients.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Idoso , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/métodos
17.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 366-370, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740589

RESUMO

Computed tomographic scans are frequently obtained following craniomaxillofacial fracture reconstruction. The additive radiation from such scans is not trivial; cumulative radiation exposure poses stochastic health risks. In this article, the authors postulate that a low-dose computed tomography protocol provides adequate image quality for postoperative evaluation of reconstructed craniomaxillofacial fractures. This study included patients for whom a computed tomographic scan was indicated following craniomaxillofacial fracture repair at a Level I trauma center. Postoperative craniomaxillofacial computed tomography was performed using a low-dose protocol, rather than standard protocols. A craniomaxillofacial surgeon and a radiologist interpreted the images to determine whether they were of sufficient quality. It was decided a priori that any inadequate low-dose computed tomography would require repeated scanning using standard protocols. The primary endpoint was the need for repeated computed tomography. In addition, the clarity of clinically significant anatomical landmarks on the images was graded on a five-point Likert scale. Twenty patients were scanned postoperatively using the low-dose protocol. Mean radiation dose (total dose-length product) from the low-dose protocol was 71 mGy · cm versus 532 mGy · cm for the preoperative computed tomographic scans that were obtained using conventional protocols (p < 0.001). All 20 low-dose computed tomographic scans were determined to provide satisfactory image quality. No patients required repeated computed tomography secondary to poor image quality. Low-dose computed tomography received high image-quality scores. A low-dose computed tomography protocol that delivers approximately 7.5-fold less radiation than the standard protocols was found to be adequate for postoperative evaluation of craniomaxillofacial fractures. Larger prospective studies may be warranted. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Therapeutic, IV.


Assuntos
Fixação de Fratura , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Doses de Radiação , Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/efeitos adversos , Centros de Traumatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 47: e20202548, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: compare an accelerated physiotherapeutic protocol to a conventional physiotherapeutic protocol in total hip arthroplasty patients. METHODS: a randomized double blinded clinical trial performed from August 2013 to November 2014. Forty-eight patients diagnosed with hip osteoarthritis submitted to a total hip arthroplasty surgery. An accelerated rehabilitation physiotherapy applied three times a day and start gait training on the first day or standard physiotherapy applied once a day and start gait training on the second or third day of hospitalization. The Merle dAubigné and Postel score (mobility, pain and gait), muscle strength force, range of motion, in hospital stay and time to start of gait training, were the outcomes. RESULTS: the mean age was 64.46 years (10.37 years standard deviation). No differences were observed in age in different genders, and the two randomization groups were homogeneous. In hospital stay was lower in the intervention group compared to the control group, 3 (3-4) days [median (interquartile range)] versus 4 (4-5) days. Time to the start of gait training was early in the intervention group compared to the control group, 1 (1-1) days versus 2 (2-2) days. Higher muscle strength values were observed in the postoperative results in the intervention group compared to the control group for internal rotation, external rotation and abduction. CONCLUSIONS: an accelerated physiotherapeutic protocol should be encouraged, because it shows favourable results in gait, muscle strength and length of hospital stay, even upon hospital discharge.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/reabilitação , Marcha , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 907-915, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805123

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has expanded the utilization of telemedicine in clinical practice to minimize potential risks to both patients and providers. We aim to describe the perception of telemedicine by both surgical patients and providers to understand the preferences for future incorporation in future surgical practice. METHODS: An anonymous survey was administered to providers that transitioned clinic visits to telemedicine encounters since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the second part of the study, patients who underwent video telemedicine appointments answered survey questions via telephone. RESULTS: Twenty-six out of 36 (72.7%) providers responded. Over 75% reported that they could effectively communicate with patients over telemedicine. Six (23.1%) reported that they could adequately assess surgical sites. Of 361 patients, 187 consented to the study (consent rate 51.8%). Among patients, the most common result to choose a telemedicine appointment was to avoid the risk of COVID-19 transmission (84, 44.9%), though the minority reported that they would choose telemedicine after the pandemic (64, 34.2%). Those patients who would choose an in-person visit were more likely to have a higher Charlson Comorbidity Score, body mass index, and use friends or family for transportation. In open-ended feedback, patients suggested that telemedicine would be better suited for long-term follow-up rather than the immediate postoperative setting. CONCLUSIONS: Patients and providers reported a high degree of satisfaction using telemedicine during the COVID-19 pandemic but noted concern with limited physical examinations. Telemedicine may be suited for preoperative evaluation and medium-term and long-term postoperative follow-up for surgical patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New Jersey , Pandemias , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
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