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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e14222, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860943

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are often found to have liver metastases at their 1st presentation. Most patients need preoperative treatment to reduce the size of the liver metastases to increase the possibility of surgical resection. Currently, imatinib mesylate is the drug of 1st choice for preoperative treatment and sunitinib malate (SM) is seldom used. Here we report a case of GIST with liver metastases where SM was used as a preoperative treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 56-year-old worker presented with intermittent abdominal pain and eating difficulties. DIAGNOSES: An enhanced computed tomography scan showed a 15 × 15 × 10 cm malignant mass in the upper abdomen, and 2 metastases (15.1 × 13.1 cm and 14.8 × 8.8 cm) in the liver. The postcaval and middle hepatic veins were compressed by the liver metastases, making radical resection very difficult. INTERVENTIONS: First the primary tumor in the jejunum was resected, and then SM was used as a preoperative treatment to reduce the size of the liver metastases to improve the possibility of surgical resection. OUTCOMES: Both liver metastases regressed considerably in size and it was then possible to perform a radical resection. LESSONS: The SM has the potential to be used as preoperative therapy for GIST with large liver metastases. This method provides a new option for the preoperative treatment of GIST with liver metastases.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Neoplasias do Jejuno/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Dor Abdominal/diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Seguimentos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias do Jejuno/patologia , Neoplasias do Jejuno/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e17987, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860950

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), previously known as keratocystic odontogenic tumor has been the most disputable pathologies of the maxillofacial region. Patients with OKC are often asymptomatic but may present with pain, swelling, or discharge. Despite the aggressive nature, previous literature as early as 1970s reported the fact that parakeratinized OKC can be treated by means of marsupialization alone. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The patient had reported with a complaint of pain and swelling in relation with a tooth in mandibular right quadrant. DIAGNOSIS: This case report discusses features of a rare, extensive, panmandibular OKC that is only second of its kind mentioned in the literature. INTERVENTION: As a usual treatment protocol, marsupialization was attempted first. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed reduced expression of Ki-67 and B cell lymphoma 2 (bcl-2) markers after marsupialization from 2 separate sites. However, due to incomplete resolution in the lower right anterior region, an aggressive approach was taken by curetting it out surgically along with associated teeth and cortical plate followed by application of Carnoy's solution. OUTCOME: Postsurgery uneventful healing of the lesion was noted on regular follow-up visits with complete resolution at 40 months. The case has been followed for 10 years with no sign of relapse and reoccurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the expression of markers it can thus be concluded that Ki-67 and bcl-2 are site specific and bear strong relationship with the recurrence of OKCs.


Assuntos
Doenças Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Mandibulares/cirurgia , Cistos Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos Odontogênicos/cirurgia , Radiografia Dentária/métodos , Adulto , Biópsia por Agulha , Dentística Operatória/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Doenças Mandibulares/patologia , Cistos Odontogênicos/patologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Doenças Raras , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Acta Gastroenterol Belg ; 82(3): 389-395, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in patients with pancreatic cancer remains debatable. The aim of this study was to analyse the indications for PBD in patients performing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and to evaluate the impact of this procedure on postoperative outcome. METHODS: Observational retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing PD for pancreatic cancer. Clinical data and postoperative outcome, namely complications and 90-day mortality, were prospectively collected and compared between patients performing PBD or direct surgery (DS). RESULTS: Eighty-two patients were included: 40 underwent PBD and 42 performed DS. Major complications (27.5% vs 33.3%, P=0.156) and 90-day mortality (10% vs 16.7%, P=0.376) were similar between the two groups. There was a trend for higher mean total bilirubin in patients with PBD (P=0.073). The indication for PBD was suspicion of cholangitis/choledocholithiasis or need to perform neoadjuvant chemotherapy in 24 (60%) patients. In the remaining, elevated bilirubin was probably the only reason to perform PBD. Length of hospital stay was longer in PBD group (P=0.003). On multiple logistic regression, 90-day mortality was not related with preoperative bilirubin levels, biliary drainage or its indication, but solely with age (OR 1.15, 95%CI 1.05-1.31, P=0.008). CONCLUSIONS: PBD is often performed in patients undergoing PD without a formal indication, mainly due to high bilirubin levels. No increased morbidity/mortality was observed but length of hospital stay was prolonged in patients performing PBD.


Assuntos
Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Bilirrubina/sangue , Drenagem/métodos , Humanos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 57(6): 1189-1198, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582044

RESUMO

Functional neuroimaging provides means to understand the relationship between brain structure and associated functions. Functional MR (fMR) imaging can offer a unique insight into preoperative planning for central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms by identifying areas of the brain effected or spared by the neoplasm. BOLD (blood-oxygen-level-dependent) fMR imaging can be reliably used to map eloquent cortex presurgically and is sufficiently accurate for neurosurgical planning. In patients with brain tumors undergoing neurosurgical intervention, fMR imaging can decrease postoperative morbidity. This article discusses the applications, significance, and interpretation of BOLD fMR imaging, and its applications in presurgical planning for CNS neoplasms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos
5.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD005360, 2019 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery has been used as part of breast cancer treatment for centuries; however any surgical procedure has the potential risk of infection. Infection rates for surgical treatment of breast cancer are documented at between 3% and 15%, higher than average for a clean surgical procedure. Pre- and perioperative antibiotics have been found to be useful in lowering infection rates in other surgical groups, yet there is no consensus on the use of prophylactic antibiotics for breast cancer surgery. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2005 and last updated in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of prophylactic (pre- or perioperative) antibiotics on the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) after breast cancer surgery. SEARCH METHODS: For this fourth update, in August 2018 we searched the Cochrane Wounds Specialised Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); Ovid MEDLINE (including In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations); Ovid Embase; and EBSCO CINAHL Plus. We also searched clinical trials registries for ongoing and unpublished studies, and scanned reference lists of relevant included studies as well as reviews, meta-analyses and health technology reports to identify additional studies. There were no restrictions with respect to language, date of publication or study setting. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials of pre- and perioperative antibiotics for patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. Primary outcomes were rates of surgical site infection (SSI) and adverse reactions. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Three review authors independently examined the title and abstracts of all studies identified by the search strategy, then assessed study quality and extracted data from those that met the inclusion criteria. We contacted study authors to obtain missing information. We evaluated the certainty of evidence using the GRADE approach. We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. MAIN RESULTS: A total of 11 randomised controlled trials (2867 participants) were included in the review. No new studies were identified in this update. All studies included breast cancer patients and were based in the hospital setting. Ten studies evaluated preoperative antibiotic compared with no antibiotic or placebo. One study evaluated perioperative antibiotic compared with placebo or no antibiotic. Pooling of the results demonstrated that prophylactic antibiotics administered preoperatively probably reduce the incidence of SSI for patients undergoing breast cancer surgery without reconstruction (pooled risk ratio (RR) 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.53 to 0.85; moderate certainty evidence). Anticipated absolute effects were calculated for the outcome incidence of SSI; 105 per 1000 for the none or placebo group and 71 per 1000 (95% CI 56 to 89) for the preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis group. Analysis of the single study comparing perioperative antibiotic with no antibiotic was inconclusive for incidence of SSI (RR 0.11, 95% CI 0.01 to 1.95; very low certainty evidence). No studies presented separate data for patients who underwent reconstructive surgery at the time of removal of the breast tumour.Secondary outcomes were not consistently included in the studies investigating preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis. It is very uncertain whether there is a difference in incidence of adverse events between the treatment and no treatment or placebo groups (10 studies, 2818 participants); very low certainty evidence downgraded one level for serious risk of bias, one level for serious inconsistency and one level for serious imprecision. It is unclear whether there is a difference in time to onset of infection between the treatment and no treatment or placebo groups (4 studies, 1450 participants); low certainty evidence downgraded one level for serious risk of bias and one level for serious inconsistency. It is unclear whether there is a difference in rates of readmission to hospital between the treatment and placebo groups (3 studies, 784 participants); low certainty evidence downgraded one level for serious inconsistency and one level for serious risk of bias. It is unclear whether there is a difference in cost of care between the treatment and no treatment or placebo groups (2 studies, 510 participants); low certainty evidence downgraded one level for serious risk of bias and one level for serious inconsistency. No analysable secondary outcome data were reported for the single study evaluating perioperative antibiotics. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic antibiotics administered preoperatively probably reduce the risk of SSI in patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. However, it is very uncertain whether there is an effect on incidence of adverse events. Furthermore, the effects on time to onset of infection, readmission to hospital and cost of care remain unclear. Further studies are required to establish the best protocols for clinical practice.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Cicatrização
7.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1091-1097, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484865

RESUMO

Low-voltage computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is a highly effective technique to reduce contrast media volume. We sought to examine the suitability of low tube voltage CTA with a reduced contrast media volume protocol using third-generation 192-slice dual-source CT in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). CTA was performed to aid TAVI planning for 40 consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis. For the first 10 patients (120/100 kV group), we used a conventional tube voltage combined CTA protocol (an ECG-gated helical scan; 120 kV, non-gated helical scan; 100 kV). For the subsequent 30 patients (70-kV group), we adopted a low tube voltage CTA protocol. We evaluated vascular attenuation, image noise, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and renal function. The mean contrast media (CM) volume was 77.7 ± 17.7 mL in the 120/100-kV group and 30.9 ± 6.3 mL in the 70-kV group (P < 0.001). In the images of the aortic valve complex, the mean attenuation was not significant difference for both groups. In the images of the aorto-femoral arteries, mean attenuation was > 250 Hounsfield Units and CNR was > 10 in all vascular segments for both groups. There was no significant difference in the change of renal function in the 70-kV group, but renal function in the 120/100-kV group decreased within 1-3 months after CTA. Low tube voltage CTA using third-generation dual-source CT is suitable to assess procedural planning for TAVI. This approach maintains image quality and reduces the required CM volume.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/prevenção & controle , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8. Vyp. 2): 60-64, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502595

RESUMO

Mechanical bowel preparation used to be a standard procedure for a long time. Nowadays routine use of MBP seems to be debatable thus alternative approaches, e.g. avoiding any bowel preparation completely or using of MBP with oral antibiotics are considered. Data on performing different kinds of bowel preparation is reviewed in this article.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Catárticos/administração & dosagem , Colectomia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Protectomia , Administração Oral , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos
9.
Br J Anaesth ; 123(5): 565-569, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547970

RESUMO

This case series presents 10 patients undergoing vascular surgery with asymptomatic elevated high-sensitivity troponin T concentrations, measured at outpatient clinic before surgery. Patients were included in the RAVE (Rotterdam Antiplatelet therapy in Vascular patiEnts) pilot study. All included patients underwent coronary angiography before surgery to identify significant obstructive coronary artery disease. We identified five out of 10 patients with high-grade stenosis and high-risk angiographic features of left main and/or proximal left anterior descending coronary artery disease. The study was terminated prematurely before any subject reached the study endpoint of 1 yr follow-up. This case series provides more insight into the meaning of preoperative troponin elevation and coronary angiographic features in vascular surgery patients. TRIAL REGISTRY NUMBER: NL5803.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Troponina T/sangue , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Fatores de Risco
10.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(7): 459-463, ago.-sept. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182865

RESUMO

El hipoparatiroidismo es la complicación más frecuente tras la tiroidectomía total. Se define por la presencia de hipocalcemia con unos niveles de hormona paratiroidea (PTH) bajos o inadecuadamente normales. La hipocalcemia aguda es una complicación potencialmente grave. Su tratamiento se basa, según la gravedad del cuadro, en la administración de calcio por vía oral o intravenosa, pudiendo requerir asimismo calcitriol oral. El riesgo de hipocalcemia sintomática tras una tiroidectomía es muy bajo si la PTH postoperatoria desciende menos del 80% respecto de la preoperatoria. Estos pacientes podrían ser dados de alta sin tratamiento, aunque los umbrales son variables entre laboratorios y recomendamos extremar la vigilancia en los casos de riesgo aumentado (enfermedad de Graves, grandes bocios, reintervenciones o constancia de la extirpación de alguna paratiroides). El tratamiento a largo plazo busca controlar los síntomas manteniendo la calcemia en el límite bajo de la normalidad, vigilando el producto calcio-fósforo y la aparición de hipercalciuria


Hypoparathyroidism is the most common complication after total or completion thyroidectomy. It is defined as the presence of hypocalcemia accompanied by low or inappropriately normal parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. Acute hypocalcemia is a potential lethal complication. Hypocalcemia treatment is based on endovenous or oral calcium supplements as well as oral calcitriol, depending on the severity of the symptoms. The risk of clinical hypocalcemia after bilateral thyroidectomy is considered very low if postoperative intact PTH decrease less than 80% with respect to preoperative levels. These patients could be discharged home without treatment, although this threshold may vary between institutions, and we recommend close surveillance in cases with increased risk (Graves disease, large goiters, reinterventions or evidence of parathyroid gland removal). Long-term treatment objectives are to control the symptoms and to keep serum calcium levels at the lower limit of the normal range, while preserving the calcium phosphate product and avoiding hypercalciuria


Assuntos
Humanos , Consenso , Hipoparatireoidismo/complicações , Hipoparatireoidismo/epidemiologia , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Liberação de Cirurgia/normas
11.
Lancet ; 394(10201): 840-848, 2019 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decreased surgical site infections (SSIs) and morbidity have been reported with mechanical and oral antibiotic bowel preparation (MOABP) compared with no bowel preparation (NBP) in colonic surgery. Several societies have recommended routine use of MOABP in patients undergoing colon resection on the basis of these data. Our aim was to investigate this recommendation in a prospective randomised context. METHODS: In this multicentre, parallel, single-blinded trial, patients undergoing colon resection were randomly assigned (1:1) to either MOABP or NBP in four hospitals in Finland, using a web-based randomisation technique. Randomly varying block sizes (four, six, and eight) were used for randomisation, and stratification was done according to centre. The recruiters, treating physicians, operating surgeons, data collectors, and analysts were masked to the allocated treatment. Key exclusion criteria were need for emergency surgery; bowel obstruction; colonoscopy planned during surgery; allergy to polyethylene glycol, neomycin, or metronidazole; and age younger than 18 years or older than 95 years. Study nurses opened numbered opaque envelopes containing the patient allocated group, and instructed the patients according to the allocation group to either prepare the bowel, or not prepare the bowel. Patients allocated to MOABP prepared their bowel by drinking 2 L of polyethylene glycol and 1 L of clear fluid before 6 pm on the day before surgery and took 2 g of neomycin orally at 7 pm and 2 g of metronidazole orally at 11 pm the day before surgery. The primary outcome was SSI within 30 days after surgery, analysed in the modified intention-to-treat population (all patients who were randomly allocated to and underwent elective colon resection with an anastomosis) along with safety analyses. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02652637, and EudraCT, 2015-004559-38, and is closed to new participants. FINDINGS: Between March 17, 2016, and Aug 20, 2018, 738 patients were assessed for eligibility. Of the 417 patients who were randomised (209 to MOABP and 208 to NBP), 13 in the MOABP group and eight in the NBP were excluded before undergoing colonic resection; therefore, the modified intention-to-treat analysis included 396 patients (196 for MOABP and 200 for NBP). SSI was detected in 13 (7%) of 196 patients randomised to MOABP, and in 21 (11%) of 200 patients randomised to NBP (odds ratio 1·65, 95% CI 0·80-3·40; p=0·17). Anastomotic dehiscence was reported in 7 (4%) of 196 patients in the MOABP group and in 8 (4%) of 200 in the NBP group, and reoperations were necessary in 16 (8%) of 196 compared with 13 (7%) of 200 patients. Two patients died in the NBP group and none in the MOABP group within 30 days. INTERPRETATION: MOABP does not reduce SSIs or the overall morbidity of colon surgery compared with NBP. We therefore propose that the current recommendations of using MOABP for colectomies to reduce SSIs or morbidity should be reconsidered. FUNDING: Vatsatautien Tutkimussäätiö Foundation, Mary and Georg Ehrnrooth's Foundation, and Helsinki University Hospital research funds.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Cefuroxima/administração & dosagem , Colectomia/métodos , Metronidazol/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Administração Intravenosa , Idoso , Catárticos/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego
12.
Top Magn Reson Imaging ; 28(4): 197-204, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385899

RESUMO

Functional MRI is a reliable, noninvasive technique which allows spatial mapping of the various functions like sensorimotor, language and vision in the brain. This is of immense help to the neurosurgeon in presurgical planning and intraoperative navigation in order to identify and preserve eloquent areas of the brain and minimize post-surgical neurological deficits. Using this technique in children pose unique challenges. This article discusses some of these challenges and how they can be overcome in successful application of this technique in pediatric patients.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Encéfalo/cirurgia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Pediatria/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos
13.
Top Magn Reson Imaging ; 28(4): 205-212, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385900

RESUMO

Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) imaging is gaining traction in the clinical realm as a measure for quantifying changes in regional blood flow in response to external stimuli. Through the evoked signal changes that are a consequence of hemoglobin's intrinsic paramagnetic properties, this technique allows for the statistical mapping of brain regions associated with a given task, which has broad applications in preneurosurgical planning for tumor resection. From an acquisition perspective, collection of BOLD data most commonly requires the use of echo planar imaging readout schemes. These sequences are currently widely available on most clinical scanners and at various field strengths. However, while the BOLD acquisition protocol is relatively straightforward, additional hardware and rigorous image processing are needed to correlate the time-dependent signal changes associated with a specific and well defined task. This manuscript will provide the necessary information to detail the physiologic underpinning of acquiring BOLD sensitized images and the important technical aspects of processing the data for use in a surgical environment.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Imagem Ecoplanar/métodos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Oxigênio/sangue , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos
14.
Top Magn Reson Imaging ; 28(4): 213-224, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385901

RESUMO

Task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for the presurgical assessment of eloquent cortex is increasingly relied upon by surgeons, neurologists, and radiologists. The utility of fMRI stems from the lack of correlation between topographic anatomy and functional anatomy. fMRI can noninvasively reveal the functional anatomy of a given individual thereby allowing the surgeon to choose the most appropriate surgical trajectory, attain the most complete resection, and offer the best chance of preserving function. This dissociation between function and topography is even more critical to understand when disease distorts normal anatomic relations and when chronic evolution of pathology leads to reorganization of cortical function as can be seen with seizures or slow growing tumors. fMRI can demonstrate the functional anatomy of language, motor, vision, and memory systems. Accurate interpretation not only requires knowledge of the expected patterns of activations in the regions of interest but also demands an understanding of the many adjacent "bystander" activations that represent participatory neural activity but not the eloquent region in question. In addition, fMRI interpretation requires an understanding of the limitations of this technique when expected activity is either missing or seemingly displaced in location.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Encéfalo/cirurgia , Encefalopatias/patologia , Encefalopatias/fisiopatologia , Encefalopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Linguagem , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos
15.
Top Magn Reson Imaging ; 28(4): 225-233, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385902

RESUMO

Clinical use of blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a relatively new phenomenon, with only about 3 decades of collective experience. Nevertheless, task-based BOLD fMRI has been widely accepted for presurgical planning, over traditional methods, which are invasive and at times perilous. Many studies have demonstrated the ability of BOLD fMRI to make substantial clinical impact with respect to surgical planning and preoperative risk assessment, especially to localize the eloquent motor and visual areas. Reproducibility and repeatability of language fMRI are important in the assessment of its clinical usefulness. There are national efforts currently underway to standardize language fMRI. The American Society of Functional Neuroradiology (ASFNR) has recently provided guidelines on fMRI paradigm algorithms for presurgical language assessment for language lateralization and localization. In this review article, we provide a comprehensive overview of current standards of language fMRI mapping and its reproducibility.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Linguagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Algoritmos , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Encéfalo/cirurgia , Encefalopatias/sangue , Encefalopatias/fisiopatologia , Encefalopatias/cirurgia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Humanos , Oxigênio/sangue , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Am Surg ; 85(7): 742-746, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405420

RESUMO

Insulinomas are rare endocrine malignancies of the pancreas that require surgical resection but can be difficult to localize preoperatively. We sought to review and improve the accuracy of preoperative localization techniques at our institution. We retrospectively reviewed all insulinomas that underwent resection at our institution between 1998 and 2016. Localization techniques include selective arterial calcium stimulation (CaStim), CT, MRI, angiography, and somatostatin receptor scintigraphy. Thirty-eight patients had pathologically proven insulinomas on surgical resection. Localization accuracies of CaStim, CT, and MRI were 89 per cent (31/35), 67 per cent (22/33), and 46 per cent (11/24), respectively. When compared with CT alone and CaStim alone, the combination of these two modalities resulted in 100 per cent preoperative localization (30/30), whereas the use of CaStim alone resulted in 80 per cent (4/5) localization and the use of CT alone resulted in 66 per cent (2/3) localization. Four of our patients had both negative CT and MRI. Among these patients, CaStim was 100 per cent localizing and the only positive modality for these patients. These data confirm that CaStim is accurate in preoperatively identifying single and multiple insulinomas; and when combined with CT, this accuracy is increased to 100 per cent. Based on these data, we propose that a dual imaging approach is a superior means of preoperative localization.


Assuntos
Insulinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Insulinoma/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Cintilografia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(3): e20192175, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the feasibility of abbreviated fasting in oncologic colorectal surgeries, as well as the impact on the surgical outcome of the patients. METHODS: prospective randomized comparative study with patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer surgeries from May to September 2017. Patients were randomized electronically into two groups according to the preoperative fast to be adopted: conventional or abbreviated. RESULTS: of the 33 patients included, 15 followed the abbreviated fasting protocol and 18 the conventional fasting. Both groups had comparable profiles. No patient underwent mechanical preparation of the colon. In 69.7% of the cases, surgery involved low rectal dissection. The procedures were equivalent in relation to intraoperative variables and severe complications. The time to achieve complete oral intake was shorter for abbreviated fasting (10 versus 16 days, p=0.001), as well as the length of inhospital stay (2 versus 4 days, p=0.009). Hospital costs were lower in the abbreviated fasting (331 versus 682 reais, p<0.001). The univariable analysis revealed a correlation between complete oral intake and abbreviated fasting [HR 0.29 (IC95%: 0.12-0.68] and abdominal distension [HR 0.12 (IC95% 0.01-0.94)]. After multivariable analysis, abbreviated fasting presented a lower time for complete oral intake [HR 0.39 (IC95%: 0.16-0.92]. CONCLUSION: the abbreviated preoperative fasting favors the metabolic-nutritional recovery, reducing the time for complete oral intake. The implementation of the abbreviation protocol reduces hospital admission costs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/economia , Jejum , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/economia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 169, 2019 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate alignment of toric intraocular lens (TIOL) to steep corneal astigmatic axis is important to achieve effective postoperative results. The authors compare the accuracy of astigmatism correction using automated and manual marking in TIOL implantation during cataract surgery. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two eyes with nuclear density from Grade 2 to 4 were randomly subdivided into 2 groups (automated and manual marking). All patients underwent manual marking and the steep axis was compared to SensoMotoric Instruments (SMI). After phacoemulsification, 62 patients underwent toric IOL implantation using the SMI and 70 patients underwent toric IOL implantation using manual marking. Intraoperative measurement was the steep axis difference. Clinical measurements included preoperative and postoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and TIOL axis. RESULTS: The intraoperative steep axis difference between SMI and manual marking was 7.86 ± 6.4 degrees. The difference between the preoperative steep axis and the postoperative TIOL axis using SMI (3.63 ± 1.12 degrees) was significantly lower than that using manual marking (8.29 ± 2.23 degrees) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The steep axis measurements may be different when using SMI vs. manual marking. The SMI is more accurate than manual marking for TIOL implantation during cataract surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN12294725 , Retrospectively registered, on 20 July 2018.


Assuntos
Automação/métodos , Catarata/fisiopatologia , Lentes Intraoculares , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual , Biometria/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese
19.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1103): 20180734, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430185

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the visibility of the hilar lymph nodes (LNs) using advanced virtual monoenergetic low-keV images compared with early-phase contrast-enhanced CT. METHODS: Dual energy contrast-enhanced CT was performed for pre-operative evaluation of lung cancer at 20 and 60 s after administration of contrast media in 50 patients (32 males and 18 females; mean age, 69 years). Five kinds of images (A: 20 s/120 kV; B: 60 s/40 keV; C: 60 s/50 keV; D: 60 s/120 kV; E: 60 s/100 kV) were reconstructed. We measured the CT number of the bilateral main pulmonary arteries (PAs), pulmonary veins (PVs) and hilar LNs, and evaluated the differences in CT number (Hounsfield units, HUs) between the PA/PV and LNs (PA-LN and PV-LN contrast). Artifacts from the superior vena cava (SVC) were also evaluated. RESULTS: The mean PA-LN contrast (HU) was 415 in image group A, 299 in B, 180 in C, 80 in D, and 100 in E. The mean PV-LN contrasts in each group were 306, 287, 177, 78, and 99, respectively. Image group B showed the second highest PA-LN contrast following image group A. There was no significant difference in the PV-LN contrast between image groups A and B. The PA-LN and PV-LN contrasts of image groups B and C were significantly higher than those of E. SVC artifacts were lower in the delayed-phase images (Group B-E) than in Group A. CONCLUSION: To evaluate the hilar LNs with a single image series, advanced virtual monoenergetic 40-keV imaging at the delayed 60-s phase seems to be the most valuable. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Advanced virtual monoenergetic image is useful for evaluation of both hilar LNs and tumors in the delayed phase without artifact derived from the streak artifact from dense contrast media in the SVC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/efeitos dos fármacos , Imagem Radiográfica a Partir de Emissão de Duplo Fóton/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(2): e1439, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal disorders can alter respiratory function and increase the morbidity and mortality of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. AIM: To improve the physiotherapeutic and muscular capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary muscular inspiration in the preoperative preparation in abdominal surgeries. METHOD: Retrospective and documentary study using SINPE © , clinical database software of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and candidates to abdominal operation. The sample consisted of 100 men aged 55-70 years, all with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who underwent preoperative physiotherapeutic treatment. They were divided into two groups of 50 individuals (group A and group B). In group A the patients were treated with modern mobility techniques for bronchial clearance and the strengthening of the respiratory muscles was performed with IMT ® Threshold. In group B the treatment performed for bronchial obstruction was with classic maneuvers and for the strengthening of the respiratory muscles for flow incentive was used Respiron ® . RESULTS: Both groups obtained improvement in the values ​​of the PiMáx after the different treatments. Group A obtained greater change in the intervals and a more significant increase of the values of the PiMax in relation to the average pre and post-treatment. However, when analyzing the variance and the standard deviation of the samples, group B presented the best results showing more homogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: The modern and traditional bronchial clearance techniques associated with inspiratory muscle training were equally effective in gaining inspiratory muscle strength with increased Pmax. In this way, the two can be used in the preoperative preparation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and referred to abdominal operations.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Software , Espirometria
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