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1.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 51(11): 496-497, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33104807

RESUMO

The impact of long shifts, the puzzling illnesses and manifestations of COVID-19, its personal and family impacts, and the sustained grief of many losses in the past 6 months requires consideration of interventions to lift caregivers' spirits. Burnout has long been a challenge for nurses working in intense acute environments. Today, the risk and effects are even greater. Animal-assisted support is one intervention that shows some promise in supporting employee well-being. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2020;51(11):496-497].


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida com Animais/métodos , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias
6.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 51(7): 304-308, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579225

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic that is sweeping across the globe has impacted all health care professionals in multiple ways. This article surveyed a cross-section of the nursing profession from across the United States from the ANCC Practice Transition Accreditation Program® and ANCC Commission on Accreditation in Practice Transition Program. The article summarizes how they responded to the pandemic, addressed challenges, and learned valuable lessons. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2020;51(7):304-308.].


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos
7.
Am J Nurs ; 120(6): 1-4, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443134

RESUMO

Free, evidence-based resources for health care providers, individuals, and families.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Recursos em Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estados Unidos
8.
Metas enferm ; 23(4): 16-24, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194580

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: evaluar el impacto del Programa Informativo, Formativo y de Apoyo Social para figuras cuidadoras de personas con demencia (INFOSA-DEM), en relación al bienestar emocional, evaluando el tiempo de permanencia del efecto del programa a los tres y seis meses post-intervención. MÉTODO: se llevó a cabo un diseño cuasi-experimental, multicéntrico, no aleatorizado con grupo intervención (GI) y grupo control (GC). La asignación al GI y GC se realizó a través de muestreo no probabilístico, de asignación intencional, teniendo en cuenta la disponibilidad de las figuras cuidadoras para asistir a las sesiones del proprama diseñado. La recogida de datos fue efectuada por medio de entrevistas personales con la cuidadora o cuidador en el domicilio de la persona con demencia, antes de la intervención y a los tres y seis meses de seguimiento. Se recogieron variables de bienestar emocional y calidad de vida, entre otras. Se llevó a cabo análisis descriptivo y comparativo en los tres momentos de medida. RESULTADOS: participaron 160 figuras cuidadoras, 74 en GC y 86 en GI. A los tres meses se observó un efecto positivo en el bienestar emocional en el GI en comparación con un pequeño efecto negativo entre los controles. Teniendo en cuenta las tres visitas se comprobó que la mejora en dimensión salud relacionada con el bienestar emocional de los cuidadores del GI se mantuvo incluso después de seis meses, aunque las diferencias no fueron estadísticamente significativas. CONCLUSIÓN: los programas educativos dirigidos a cuidadores informales basados en terapias psicoeducativas y teorías cognitivo-conductuales parecen tener efectos positivos en la mejora del bienestar emocional de los cuidadores, y mejora la calidad del rol de la figura cuidadora


OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of the Information, Training and Social Support programme for caregivers of persons with dementia (INFOSA-DEM) in terms of emotional wellbeing, evaluating the duration of the effect of the program at three and six months after the intervention. METHOD: a multicenter and non-randomized study was conducted, with quasi-experimental design, and with an Intervention Arm (IA) and a Control Arm (CA). Participants were allocated to IA or CA though non-probabilistic sample, with intentional allocation, taking into account the availability of the caregivers to attend the sessions of the programme designed. Data were collected through personal interviews with the caregiver at the home of the person with dementia, before the intervention and at three and six months of follow-up. Emotional wellbeing and quality of life variables were collected, among others. Descriptive and comparative analysis was conducted at the three points of measurement. RESULTS: the study included 160 caregivers, 74 in the CA and 86 in the IA. At three months, a positive effect was observed in the emotional wellbeing of the Intervention Arm, vs. a slight negative effect among Control participants. Taking into account all three visits, it was confirmed that the improvement in the dimension health associated with the emotional wellbeing of caregivers in the Intervention Arm was sustained even after six months; however, differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: educational programs targeted to informal caregivers and based on psychoeducational therapies and cognitive-behavioural theories seem to have positive effects in terms of an improvement in the emotional wellbeing of caregivers, and there is an improvement in the quality of the caregiver role


Assuntos
Humanos , Demência/enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração
9.
Metas enferm ; 23(4): 25-32, mayo 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194581

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: analizar el impacto de la metodología Death cafe en estudiantes de Grado de Enfermería como método de afrontamiento de la muerte. MÉTODO: investigación evaluativa cualitativa, desarrollada en la Escola Universitària d'Infermeria Sant Pau, de Barcelona. Participaron estudiantes voluntarios del Grado de Enfermería matriculados en la asignatura Comunicación terapéutica, en el curso 2018-19, antes del inicio de la primera práctica clínica. Se organizó una sesión siguiendo directrices del movimiento social Death cafe, donde pudieron conversar de manera espontánea y sin guion sobre aspectos relacionados con la muerte. Al final se administró un cuestionario de preguntas abiertas propuesto por dicho movimiento y también redactaron sus conclusiones. Todo ello permitió explorar la experiencia Death cafe, el impacto personal y las implicaciones futuras, mediante un análisis temático. RESULTADO: se obtuvieron las narrativas de 10 estudiantes. La experiencia Death cafe: la metodología empleada fue identificada como una innovación didáctica que favorece el establecimiento de la confianza, la comunicación, la reflexión y la expresión de sentimientos. El impacto personal: reconocieron enriquecimiento personal, toma de conciencia sobre la muerte y tabúes sociales e interpelación personal. Implicaciones futuras: convinieron el aporte profesional y personal futuro, subrayando la relevancia del autoconocimiento y la gestión emocional para poder confrontar futuras situaciones impactantes. CONCLUSIONES: los resultados obtenidos apuntan a la idoneidad de la metodología Death cafe en estudiantes de Grado de Enfermería antes del inicio de la práctica clínica, como transición desde los tabúes sociales a la complejidad del cuidado profesional


OBJECTIVE: to analyze the impact of the Death cafe methodology in Nursing Degree Students as a method for coping with death. METHOD: a qualitative evaluative research developed at the Escola Universitària d'Infermeria Sant Pau, in Barcelona. It included volunteer students from the Nursing Degree enrolled in the Therapeutic Communication course in the 2018-19 term, before the initiation of their first clinical practice. A session was set up following the guidelines of the Death cafe social movement, where they could discuss aspects associated with death spontaneously and without any script. At the end, they completed an open-end questionnaire put forward by said movement, and they also wrote down their conclusions. All this allowed to explore the Death cafe experience, its personal impact and its future consequences, through thematic analysis. RESULTS: the narratives by 10 students were obtained. The Death cafe experience: The methodology used was identified as a didactic innovation that encourages building confidence, communication, reflection and the expression of feelings. Personal impact: They acknowledged personal fulfillment, raising awareness of death and social taboos and personal interpellation. Future consequences: Agreement on future professional and personal contribution, highlighting the relevance of self-knowledge and emotional management in order to be able to face future impactful scenarios. CONCLUSIONS: the results obtained indicate the adequacy of the Death cafe methodology for Nursing Degree students before the initiation of their clinical practice, as a transition from social taboos to the complexity of professional care


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Morte , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Educação em Enfermagem/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comunicação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia
10.
An. sist. sanit. Navar ; 43(1): 17-33, ene.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193674

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Los profesionales de enfermería son uno de los grupos más afectados por el estrés laboral, lo que puede afectar la calidad de vida del profesional y comprometer la calidad de los cuidados de enfermería. A nivel internacional, el Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) ha demostrado ser una herramienta breve, válida y fiable para evaluar el estrés laboral. El objetivo de este estudio fue obtener una versión adaptada al español del DCSQ para profesionales de enfermería. MÉTODO: La validación lingüística se realizó en dos fases: 1) traducción-retrotraducción y adaptación lingüística del instrumento y 2) validación de contenido del instrumento mediante un panel de siete expertos y evaluación de la aplicabilidad y comprensión de la versión adaptada en una muestra de veintiún profesionales de enfermería. RESULTADOS: Fase 1) En el proceso de traducción, un ítem precisó cambios semánticos, mientras que cinco ítems precisaron cambios sintácticos. Las retrotraducciones fueron similares. Las dudas más relevantes se encontraron en el ítem 5, identificado como un ítem problemático a lo largo de todo el proceso. Fase 2) El análisis de la validez de contenido mostró excelentes resultados (índice de validez de contenido ≥ 0,90 y valores de kappa ≥ 0,65); además, el estudio piloto confirmó la adecuada comprensibilidad y aplicabilidad del cuestionario. CONCLUSIONES: El empleo de una metodología sistemática y rigurosa ha permitido obtener una versión adaptada al español del DCSQ, conceptual y lingüísticamente equivalente al instrumento original, y adecuada para valorar de manera multidimensional el estrés psicosocial de profesionales de enfermería en el ámbito laboral


BACKGROUND: Nursing professionals are one of the groups most affected by work-related stress, which may affect the professional's quality of life and the quality of nursing care. At the international level, the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) has proved to be a brief, valid and reliable tool for assessing psychosocial stress at work. The objective of this study was to obtain a Spanish version of the DCSQ for nursing professionals. METHODS: The linguistic validation proceeded in two phases: 1) forward-translation, back-translation and linguistic adaptation of the instrument and 2) content validation of the instrument using a panel of seven experts, and evaluation of the applicability and comprehension of the adapted version in a sample of twenty-one nursing professionals. RESULTS: Phase 1) In the translation process, one item required semantic changes, while five items required syntactic changes. The back-translation versions were similar, and the most relevant doubts were found in item 5, identified as a problematic item throughout the entire process. Phase 2) The content validity analysis showed excellent values (content validity index ≥ 0.90 and Kappa index values ≥ 0.65); moreover, the pilot study confirmed the adequate comprehensibility and applicability of the questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a systematic and rigorous methodology made it possible to obtain a Spanish version of the DCSQ that is conceptually and linguistically equivalent to the original instrument and suitable for assessing psychosocial stress of nursing professionals in the workplace in a multidimensional manner


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Esgotamento Profissional/enfermagem , Esgotamento Profissional , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Espanha , Qualidade de Vida , Enfermagem Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tradução , Apoio Social , Psicometria
11.
Nurs Ethics ; 27(4): 935-945, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249677

RESUMO

To practice compassion, the recognition, understanding, and alleviation of patient suffering are of utmost importance. Nursing literature provides ample guidance about the nature and meaning and patients' views about compassion and physical and psychological suffering. However, missing is the discussion about how nurses can achieve a deeper awareness of patients' suffering to practice compassion. This paper aims to describe the relational inquiry nursing approach and illustrate how this approach can enable nurses to develop a deeper awareness of patient suffering. The relational inquiry approach encompasses two components: a relational consciousness and inquiry as a form of action. Relational consciousness requires the nurses to focus on the concrete situations and relationships as well as recognize the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and contextual factors affecting the situations. The interpersonal factors are among and between the individuals, intrapersonal factors are within the individuals, and contextual factors are the hidden factors influencing the individuals and situations. Inquiry as an action requires a critical analysis of the experiences of individuals, situational contexts, and knowledge to inform the nursing care modalities and actions. This approach encourages nurses to use the philosophies of hermeneutic phenomenology, critical theory, and pragmatism. The phenomenological worldview allows nurses to interpret their own and patients' experiences, the critical theory worldview allows nurses to examine the influence of social and cultural factors, and pragmatism allows nurses to question their prior knowledge and develop new knowledge in each situation. The relational inquiry approach allows nurses to develop a deeper understanding of patient suffering through building a therapeutic and trustworthy relationship, active listening, focusing on the details, and engaging in broad and situations specific inquiries to understand the patient narrative of suffering. Two case exemplars are shared to demonstrate how relational inquiry allowed nurses to move beyond recognizing physical suffering and understand patients' emotional and psychological suffering.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Empatia , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Estresse Psicológico , Hermenêutica , Humanos
12.
Nurs Outlook ; 68(4): 396-405, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138975

RESUMO

Nursing research involves much planning and attention to details, yet novice and seasoned nurse researchers often overlook the day-to-day operations required to conduct research studies. Project management is a set of iterative steps that can facilitate the process of conducting nursing research. In this paper we aim to provide an overview of project management and identify ways in which its specific principles and strategies may be applied to facilitate nursing research. Here we give an overview of our current longitudinal study using a Solomon four-group design and illustrate how we applied strategies and tools from the project management literature. In addition, we offer descriptions and illustrations of several other project management tools that could have been used in specific phases of this research project. We encourage nurse educators and researchers to familiarize themselves with the principles of project management and consider using them in future studies.


Assuntos
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Enfermagem
13.
Nurs Clin North Am ; 55(1): 97-107, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005369

RESUMO

The release of a quality study by the Institute of Medicine in 2001 challenged health care providers to deliver safe, quality care. Research has focused on 2 primary categories of nursing characteristics: demographic data and emotional intelligence and personality traits. The research has shown a correlation between nursing characteristics and quality care and patient outcomes. Factors not considered in this article include hospital teaching status, type of unit, unit skill mix, hospital safety culture, and total nursing hours per patient day. These factors may contribute to quality of care and patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Determinação da Personalidade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos
14.
Metas enferm ; 23(1): 59-64, feb. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189188

RESUMO

Ocultar información al paciente para omitir el diagnóstico o pronóstico de enfermedad es un fenómeno presente que se produce por diferentes situaciones, siendo la más destacable la expresa petición de la familia, lo cual puede derivar en consecuencias negativas para todos los actores del proceso: paciente, familia y profesionales. En estas circunstancias tan complejas no queda claro el rol de las enfermeras respecto al proceso de comunicar malas noticias o al uso de estrategias de comunicación empleadas. A partir de un caso en el que una paciente de edad avanzada diagnosticada de mieloma múltiple cuyo diagnóstico y pronóstico conocía la familia, pero los cuales ella desconocía, se planteó la necesidad de describir las estrategias de comunicación que pueden ayudar a los profesionales en situaciones similares. Es necesario fomentar un aprendizaje didáctico y práctico, con estrategias de comunicación claras, dentro de un marco de colaboración entre el equipo multidisciplinar donde queden delimitados los roles de los miembros que lo integran


Hiding information from the patient in order to omit their disease diagnosis or prognosis is a current phenomenon; this is caused by different situations, and the express request by relatives stands out among these. This can lead to negative consequences for all those involved in the process: the patient, the family and the professionals. In these highly complex circumstances, the role of nurses is not clear in terms of communicating bad news or using the adequate communication strategies. The case of an advanced-age female patient diagnosed with multiple myeloma, with diagnosis and prognosis known by the family but unknown to her, was the basis for considering the need to describe the communication strategies that might be helpful for professionals in similar situations. It is necessary to encourage educational and practical learning, with clear communication strategies, within a frame of collaboration between the multidisciplinary team, clearly determining the roles of the members involved


Assuntos
Humanos , Comunicação em Saúde/ética , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Revelação da Verdade , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Modelos de Enfermagem , Relações Médico-Paciente , Estratégias , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Educação em Enfermagem
15.
Creat Nurs ; 26(1): 33-36, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024736

RESUMO

Donna Wright, a consultant with Creative Health Care Management who has wide experience in international nursing, interviews Remi Kalnime, a nurse who cares for patients who have had Hansen's Disease, at Foubarka Leprosarium in Cameroon, Africa. They discuss the challenges these patients and their families face in dealing with the residual effects of untreated leprosy and in facing stigmatization and discrimination from their communities, within the socioeconomic context of a developing country.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Hanseníase/enfermagem , Hanseníase/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estigma Social , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Camarões/epidemiologia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Creat Nurs ; 26(1): e1-e7, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidelines for clinical practice are needed in order for nurses to provide consistent, standardized care and avoid preventable harm. AIMS: The present study aims to explore the barriers to and facilitators of nurses' adherence to clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: Detailed semistructured interviews were conducted with 14 nurses from two educational hospitals in Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran, about their involvement with clinical practice guidelines. The text of the interviews was analyzed by qualitative content analysis. FINDINGS: Identified barriers to full adherence to clinical practice guidelines were work pressure, lack of facilities, paperwork, lack of motivational environment, and nonapplicability of guidelines. Facilitators identified were encouragement, improving working conditions, conscientiousness, training, and supervision. CONCLUSION: Interventions to remove barriers to and provide facilitators of adherence to clinical practice guidelines should be designed and implemented. Removing organizational barriers is the responsibility of nursing managers.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 16, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The work of health professionals is characterized by a high demand for psychological and emotional resources and high levels of stress. Therefore, the promotion of commitment and job well-being through strategies such as increased mindfulness, is important among nursing workers. Although mindfulness has shown positive effects in the health field, few studies have explored the mechanisms and processes underlying these results. We investigated the mediating role of empathy (cognitive/affective) in the effect of mindfulness on the dimensions of engagement in nursing professionals. METHODS: Sample was comprised of 1268 Spanish nurses between 22 and 62 years old, that completed the Utrecht Labor Engagement Scale and the adapted versions of Mindful Attention Awareness Scale and Basic Empathy Scale. The relationship between variables to be included in the regression analyses, bivariate correlations were carried out, and the descriptive statistics of these variables were also found. To estimate the mediation model was used, in this case for multiple mediation effects. RESULTS: Mindfulness is found to affect the Vigor and Dedication factors of engagement through cognitive empathy. While for the Absorption factor, the affective component of empathy also exerts a mediating role, although weaker than cognitive empathy. Cognitive empathy, as an individual factor, was shown to have a mediating effect between mindfulness and the factors of engagement in healthcare workers. CONCLUSIONS: The level of mindfulness influences engagement of nursing professionals positively, and this result is mediated mainly by cognitive empathy. Both mindfulness and empathy are modifiable individual factors, so their intervention by designing and implementing specific programs, can increase the commitment and wellbeing of professionals generating benefits to workers and to their patients.


Assuntos
Cognição , Empatia , Atenção Plena , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(1,supl): 146-153, ene. 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-193174

RESUMO

Maternal health care for migrant women poses new challenges to countries in the WHO European Region. Migrant women tend to have worse perinatal health outcomes as a result of migration conditions, socioeconomic needs, health status, language or health literacy. These women may manifest different representations and cultural practices associated with motherhood that need to be understood and respected during nursing care in the host country. The aim was to explore the meanings attributed by migrant women to nursing interventions implemented during prenatal care to postpartum period. Qualitative study using Grounded Theory. Thirty interviews were conducted with pregnant migrant women and mothers from various countries, between February 2015 to December 2016, in Primary Health Care. Emerging coding of data determined the central category BUILDING TRUST, representative of the use of professional skills and competencies to help migrant women gain confidence and expose emotions, insecurities and needs: "Feeling recognized" highlights sensitivity to cultural differences and transition experiences; "Explaining with simplicity" by the clarity, simplicity, practical and grounded meaning, contributing to the acquisition of skills in the exercise of motherhood and a quality of intercultural communication; "Getting answer", nurse acting in accordance with the needs exposed by the Other, promoting autonomy, confidence and satisfaction. The development of a trusting relationship has emerged as an essential component of maternal care. The study results may contribute to knowledge and quality of care indicators by showing the migrant client's perspective on the care received


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Enfermagem Obstétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Parto Obstétrico/enfermagem , Cuidado Pré-Natal/classificação , Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente/estatística & dados numéricos , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção Social , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(1): 52-60, ene. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193815

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este estudio es valorar el nivel de afrontamiento de la muerte en un grupo de enfermeros mediante la escala de Bugen, según sus características socio-demográficas y culturales. MÉTODOS: Diseño descriptivo transversal, que emplea la versión española de la escala de Bugen de afrontamiento a la muerte. Participaron de forma voluntaria y anónima 439 enfermeras de centros atención primaria y atención especializada de las provincias de Navarra (España) y Los Ríos (Chile). RESULTADOS: La escala presentó una alta consistencia interna en ambos grupos. Se obtuvieron diferencias significativas de afrontamiento a la muerte según el lugar de origen, la edad de los participantes, los años de experiencia profesional, el contexto de trabajo, la religión, la experiencia en rituales funerarios y los antecedentes de pérdida y duelo. Los enfermeros de Los Ríos obtuvieron una mayor puntuación en los enunciados relacionados con la comunicación en fin de vida con respecto a los de Navarra. INTERPRETACIÓN Y CONCLUSIONES: En el ámbito de la enfermería, la cultura y las características sociodemográficas influyen en el nivel de afrontamiento de la muerte. Es recomendable su valoración y, en cualquier caso, su desarrollo mediante programas formativos adaptados a las competencias exigidas. De este modo, se alcanzarán los niveles de calidad para un adecuado cuidado paliativo por parte de enfermería al final de la vida


AIM: The objective of this study is to assess the level of coping with death in a group of nurses using the Bugen scale, according to their socio-demographic and cultural characteristics. METHOD: Descriptive cross-sectional design, which uses the Spanish version of Bugen's scale coping with death. Participating voluntarily and anonymously 439 nurses of primary care and specialized care centres in the provinces of Navarra (Spain) and Los Ríos (Chile). RESULTS: The scale presented a high internal consistency in both groups. Significant differences were obtained according to the place of origin, age of participants, years of professional care, work context, religion, experiences in funeral and rituals, and antecedents of loss and grief. Nurses from Los Ríos obtained a higher score in the statements related to communication at the end of life, compared to those from Navarre. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: In the field of nursing, culture and sociodemographic differences influence the coping with death. Its assessment and promotion is recommended through training programs adapted to required competencies. In this way, quality levels for adequate palliative nursing care will be achieved


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Adaptação Psicológica , Atitude Frente a Morte , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Transversais , Espanha , Chile
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