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2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18132, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will explore the effects of high-quality nursing care (HQNC) for patients with lung cancer (LC) during the perioperative period (PPP). METHODS: A literature search will be performed at Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure since its inception until October 1, 2019. All electronic databases will be searched with no restrictions of language and publication status. Two authors will perform study selection, data collection, and study quality assessment, respectively. We will use RevMan 5.3 software for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study will summarize the latest evidence on assessing the depression, anxiety, quality of life, and adverse events of HQNC in patients with LC during PPP. CONCLUSION: The results of this study may provide helpful evidence of HQNC on psychological effects in patients with LC during PPP. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019155982.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Assistência Perioperatória/enfermagem , Assistência Perioperatória/psicologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/psicologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
3.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(2): 1849-1857, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656467

RESUMO

Background: Emergency nurses' understanding and interpretation of intimate partner violence influence the care they provide to women exposed to intimate partner violence. Objectives: The aim of this study was to uncover discourses that may help understand emergency nurses' responses towards women exposed to intimate partner violence. Materials and methods: This study used a qualitative design to explore emergency nurses' discourses. Purposive sampling was used to select 15 participants working at an emergency unit in a public hospital in South Africa. Data were collected through three focus group discussions comprised of five emergency nurses each. Foucauldian discourse analysis was used to analyse the transcribed data. Results: Four themes emerged from the focus group discussions: (1) strong women subject themselves to societal expectations and endure intimate partner violence, (2) women are vulnerable and powerless against intimate partner violence, (3) intimate partner violence is a private and secret phenomenon, and (4) emergency nurses have limited scope to intervene when they encounter women exposed to intimate partner violence. Conclusion: Emergency nurses are in a position to intervene in intimate partner violence through portraying a non-judgmental approach that lay the foundation for disclosure, supporting women to change their intimate partner violence (IPV) situations, documentation, referral and safety planning.


Assuntos
Enfermagem em Emergência , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Percepção , Pesquisa Qualitativa , África do Sul
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17351, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will assess the effects of high quality nursing care (HQNC) on psychological outcomes (PCO) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We will carry out a through search in 7 databases: PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, WANGFANG, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Eligibility criteria will be randomized controlled trials on assessing effects of HQNC on PCO in patients with CHF. Cochrane risk of bias evaluation will be utilized for methodological quality. RESULTS: This proposed study will summarize a rational synthesis of current evidence for HQNC on PCO in patients with CHF. CONCLUSION: The results of this study will provide convinced evidence for judging the effects of HQNC on PCO in patients with CHF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/enfermagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
5.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(10): 480-486, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517755

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the work values of Generation Z nurses, a new generation in the current workforce. BACKGROUND: A new generation of nurses is now part of the nursing workforce. Generation Z nurses, born in 1995 (aged ≤24 years), will bring new expectations and ideals about life and work into healthcare work settings. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was used to assess the work values of traditional baccalaureate Generation Z nursing students using the Lyons Work Values Survey. RESULTS: The work value component ranked most important by participants was social/altruistic, followed by instrumental/extrinsic, cognitive/intrinsic, and prestige. CONCLUSION: Helping people and having a job that is interesting and engaging while also offering job security and good benefits were the most important future Generation Z nurse work values.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Satisfação no Emprego , Cuidados de Enfermagem/ética , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/ética , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(9): 423-429, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436740

RESUMO

The development of a program to integrate an organization's values and culture, Watson's Caring Theory, and personal motivators resulted in transforming nursing theory into practice and a noted improvement in the patient experience. This article will teach the reader how this was accomplished.


Assuntos
Emoções , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Cultura Organizacional , Relações Profissional-Família , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Enfermagem
8.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(4): 216-224, jul.-ago. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182915

RESUMO

Objetivos: Comprender el universo emocional de mujeres cordobesas afectadas por hepatitis C. Método: Estudio cualitativo hermenéutico. Las participantes cumplían los criterios de inclusión de ser mujer mayor de edad, diagnosticada en la actualidad de hepatitis C y pertenecer a la Plataforma de Afectad@s por la Hepatitis C de Córdoba. El muestreo intencional fue de intensidad y nominado. La recogida de datos se realizó a través de entrevistas en profundidad. El análisis siguió 3niveles: explicación, comprensión superficial y comprensión en profundidad. En el segundo nivel, se incorporó la metáfora «universo de emociones», una taxonomía que organiza las emociones en conjuntos de galaxias para facilitar la comprensión de los fenómenos afectivos. Resultados: Se incluyó a 4 participantes. Los 7 temas resultado recorren las distintas galaxias del universo emocional de las mujeres. «Enfermedad maldita» explora su asco, tristeza y vergüenza. «Afectos íntimos» se detiene tanto en la felicidad y el amor como en la tristeza. «Plataforma amistad» profundiza en la comprensión, bienestar y afecto. «Médicos» se ocupa de la desconfianza y decepción con respecto al nuevo tratamiento; «cura», de la tristeza, miedo, ansiedad y esperanza. «Estado de malestar» se ocupa de la ansiedad. Y «acceso universal ya» explora su ira. Conclusiones: A pesar de la presencia del amor, en el complejo universo emocional de las mujeres con hepatitis C destacan la ira, tristeza y ansiedad. Una hermenéutica de sus emociones facilita la humanización tanto de los cuidados de enfermería que reciben como de la investigación de la que son objeto


Objectives: Understanding the emotional universe of women from Cordoba affected by hepatitis C. Method: Hermeneutic qualitative study. Participants met the criteria of being adult women with a current diagnosis of hepatitis C and belonging to the Plataforma de Afectad@s por la Hepatitis C of Cordoba. The intentional sampling was nominated and followed a criterion of intensity. Data collection was conducted through in-depth interviews. The analysis took place in 3levels: Explanation, naïve understanding and in-depth understanding. In the second level, the metaphor universe of emotions was incorporated, which is a taxonomy that organizes emotions into clusters of galaxies to facilitate understanding of affective phenomena. Results: Four participants were included. Seven themes roam the galaxies in the emotional universe of women. «Damned disease» explores their disgust, sadness and shame. «Intimate affections» focuses on happiness and love as well as sadness. «Friendship-platform» focuses on understanding, welfare and affection. «Physicians» deal with distrust and disappointment regarding new treatment, and with «curing» sadness, fear, anxiety and hope. «State of ill-being» focuses on anxiety. And «universal access now» explores anger. Conclusions: Despite the presence of love in the complex emotional universe of women with hepatitis C, anger, sadness and anxiety are highlighted. Hermeneutics of their emotions facilitates nursing care and nursing research humanization


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Apoio Social , Hepatite C/psicologia , Análise Qualitativa , Hermenêutica , Pesquisa Qualitativa
9.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 41: 56-63, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358258

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this mixed-methods study was to explore the experiences and perspectives of Transplant Nurses (TNs) in caring for related donors (RDs). METHOD: In this mixed-methods study, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from semi-structured interviews with seven TNs from two clinical hospitals. Closed and multiple-choice questions regarding the organisation of RD care were administered in addition to an in-depth exploration of TN experiences and perspectives of RD care. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and qualitative data was subjected to thematic analyses. RESULTS: The analysis identified 5 themes relating to RD care: managing complex family dynamics and ambivalence; concerns about RD psychological adjustment; identifying and correcting RD misperceptions; limited guidelines and structured processes; limited training for the role and access to supervision. Five themes were identified describing the barriers to delivering RD care: RDs unwilling to express their concerns; language; time constraints; medical priority of clinicians; biomedical focus of TNs. All TNs agreed they would like additional training in the psychosocial management of RDs. TNs identified key areas for improvement, including psychosocial support and educational material. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the significant role of TNs in RD care, and underline issues specific to the current RD care environment. Lack of training for the role and limited guidelines addressing RD care management are key issues which may detrimentally affect RD care. The pivotal role of TNs must be acknowledged and supported by improving TN training and implementing clear guidelines for the management of RDs. The trial has been registered on the publicly accessible register: www.clinicaltrials.gov site with the identifier ACTRN12617000407392.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Enfermagem Oncológica/métodos , Doadores de Tecidos/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
10.
J Addict Nurs ; 30(2): 101-107, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162213

RESUMO

The experience and meaning attributed to care by nurses and received by nine persons who inject drugs during a healthcare encounter in the acute care medical setting was examined. A descriptive case study approach using an interpersonal nursing model served as the theoretic framework. Four overarching themes were discovered: marginalization, defensiveness, repeated victimization, and understanding addiction. Findings suggest that role support, application of an interpersonal nursing theory, and implementations of addiction-trained healthcare teams were missing from the hospital experience of persons who inject drugs. However, when the nurse connected with the patient who injects drugs on an interpersonal level, positive outcomes followed.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/psicologia , Adulto , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Mecanismos de Defesa , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Satisfação do Paciente , Percepção , Autocuidado , Autoimagem , Marginalização Social/psicologia , Estereotipagem , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/enfermagem , Tempo para o Tratamento , Confiança , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(2): 298-303, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232062

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Patient satisfaction with nursing care is one of important indicators of health care quality. As for pain, it is an indicator of patient health. The goal of the study is to identify socio-demographic and medical factors that differentiate the assessment of satisfaction with nursing care of hospitalized patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved performing a diagnostic survey using standardized instruments, i.e. the Newcastle Satisfaction with Nursing Scale (NSNS) and the Visual Analog Scale by Barbara J. Headley for pain scoring. The study included 205 patients hospitalized for lumbar pain syndrome on two neurosurgery wards in Poland. The mean patient age was 51 years. Most respondents declared having high school or vocational education. The mean time of hospitalization before the study was 2 days. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that patient satisfaction with nursing care is independent of patient age, education, duration of hospitalization, or number of hospitalizations. In contrast, the experience of nursing care is dependent on education, and less educated patients (primary or vocational education) had higher scores in this category. With regards to pain, it was perceived as more intense by women and by patients hospitalized for a shorter period of time. CONCLUSIONS: Satisfaction with nursing care among patients with lumbar pain syndrome does not depend on socio-demographic or medical variables. Experience of nursing care depends on patient's education.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Manejo da Dor/psicologia , Dor/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Adulto , Educação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção , Polônia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 22(253): 3011-3015, jun.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1025742

RESUMO

Objetivo compreender os significados e desvelar os sentidos do ser mulher que vivencia o pré-operatório de histerectomia. Método: estudo de natureza qualitativa, pautado na fenomenologia heideggeriana. Realizado na Clínica Cirúrgica de um Hospital de Ensino da Zona da Mata Mineira. Foi participante quatorze mulheres em pré-operatório que em entrevista fenomenológica realizaram seus depoimentos nos meses de agosto a outubro de 2017. Resultado: da análise compreensiva emergiu as Unidades de Significação: aceitar fazer a cirurgia e Apoiar-se em Deus e sentir-se bem cuidada no hospital. A compreensão interpretativa desvelou que no cotidiano a mulher se mostra inautêntica, vivenciando a impropriedade e o falatório. Considerações Finais: se faz necessário que a enfermagem acolha o ser-mulher e compreenda sua dimensão existencial, seu estar-no- mundo. É preciso atentar não somente ao seu corpo biológico, mas que pause a mecanicidade de suas atividades para que possa oferecer o cuidado humanístico mediante sua singularidade, subjetividade e demandas.(AU)


Aimed at understanding the meanings and unveil the senses of being a woman who experiences the preoperative hysterectomy. Method: study of a qualitative nature, based on Heideggerian phenomenology. Performed at the Surgical Clinic of a Teaching Hospital of the Mata Mineira Zone. Participants were fourteen preoperative women who in a phenomenological interview conducted their testimonies in the months of August to October 2017. Results: from the comprehensive analysis emerged the Units of Significance: to accept to do the surgery and to support in God and to feel well taken care of in hospital. The interpretive understanding revealed that in the daily life the woman is inauthentic, experiencing the impropriety and the chatter. Final Considerations: it is necessary for nursing to welcome the being-woman and to understand its existential dimension, its being-in-the-world. It is necessary to pay attention not only to its biological body, which pauses the mechanistic of its activities so that it can offer humanistic care through its singularity, subjectivity and demands.(AU)


Objetivo comprender los significados y desvelar los sentidos del ser mujer que vive el preoperatorio de histerectomía. Método: estudio de naturaleza cualitativa, pautado en la fenomenología heideggeriana. Realizado en la Clínica Quirúrgica de un Hospital de Enseñanza de la Zona de la Mata Minera. Fue participante catorce mujeres en preoperatorio que en entrevista fenomenológica realizaron sus testimonios en los meses de agosto a octubre de 2017. Resultados: del análisis comprensivo emergió las Unidades de Significación: aceptar hacer la cirugía y Apoyarse en Dios y sentirse bien en el hospital. La comprensión interpretativa desveló que en el cotidiano la mujer se muestra inauténtica, vivenciando la impropiedad y el falatorio. Consideraciones finales: se hace necesario que la enfermería acoja al ser-mujer y comprenda su dimensión existencial, su estar en el mundo. Es necesario atentar no sólo a su cuerpo biológico, que pause la mecanicidad de sus actividades para que pueda ofrecer el cuidado humanístico mediante su singularidad, subjetividad y demandas.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Saúde da Mulher , Histerectomia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia
14.
Am J Nurs ; 119(6): 67, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135436

RESUMO

: Updated several times a week with posts by a wide variety of authors, AJN's blog Off the Charts allows us to provide more timely-and often more personal-perspectives on professional, policy, and clinical issues. Best of the Blog will be a regular column to draw the attention of AJN readers to posts we think deserve a wider audience. To read more, please visit: www.ajnoffthecharts.com.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Morte , Blogging , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Creat Nurs ; 25(2): 82-86, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085660

RESUMO

Nurses across the nation are stepping forward as leaders in response to the rapid and continuous change in health care and the acute needs of vulnerable populations. Caring for vulnerable populations is inherent in the nurse's role. However, caring for those in vulnerable states goes beyond the bedside. Nurses are in a unique position to bring their experiences and knowledge in patient care, quality, safety, cost containment, and wellness, as members of boards, elected officials, and nonprofit directors. Their impact is significant, as they balance critical thinking skills, financial knowledge, and compassion in order to influence executive decision-making. This article describes the importance of nurses serving on boards from evidence-based as well as personal perspectives, and presents specific examples of nurses' impact on vulnerable populations and those on the brink of vulnerability, in schools, communities, health-care institutions, and beyond. Will you also rise to the call to serve?


Assuntos
Empatia , Conselho Diretor , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Defesa do Paciente/psicologia , Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estados Unidos
16.
Creat Nurs ; 25(2): 121-125, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085664

RESUMO

Lesbian nurses have historically been silenced, but diversity initiatives within professional health programs suggest a need to initiate scholarly discussions that explore heteronormativity as increasing the risk of harm for nonheterosexual nurses as compared to their heterosexual counterparts. Nurses can reflect on relative privilege within the profession to better understand the ways in which normative health practices perpetuate adverse health outcomes among vulnerable patient populations. Nurses from diverse backgrounds, such as this lesbian author, offer insight into how the nursing profession might illuminate relational aspects of privilege. As such, the nursing profession could uncover solutions to systemic vulnerabilities which are inadvertently perpetuated within our profession, the health-care system, and society more broadly. The notion of compulsory heterosexuality is discussed in relation to nursing in this opinion piece with an aim to render structural harms visible that have been obscured by the institutionalization of heteronormativity in health care, to build awareness of the ways in which systemic vulnerabilities are unknowingly perpetuated despite health-care professionals being well-intended in their practice.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Homofobia/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Sexismo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(suppl 1): 49-57, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the process of introducing an educational intervention for the improvement of social skills in care management provided by nurses. METHOD: intervention research, according to its complexity, carried out in a South-Brazilian public university hospital. To identify learning needs, 11 nurses were interviewed and educational meetings were held with 20 participants, who evaluated with open-ended questions: what they would stop doing; what they would continue doing; and what they would start doing on the issues addressed. The data was analyzed comprehensively. RESULTS: we developed 30 educational hours on social skills of communication, work, assertiveness, and other themes inherent in care management mentioned by the participants as deficient. The evaluation revealed intentions of advances in: self-monitoring, communication, empathy, assertiveness, leadership and search for knowledge. Monthly meetings on care management were formally requested by the institution. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: social skills are intertwined in care management relationships and their improvement has proved to be dialogical, recursive and hologrammatic.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Saúde/normas , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Habilidades Sociais , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Planejamento em Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(suppl 1): 274-281, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the organization of the Brazilian Breast Cancer Care Network, according to the perspective of managers of the Coordenadoria Regional de Saúde Sudeste (Southeast Regional Coordination of Health) of the city of São Paulo. METHOD: A descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, carried out with seven managers of this Coordination. The interview data were analyzed based on the components of the operational structure of the Brazilian Health Care Network: Communication Center; Secondary and Tertiary Care Points; Support Systems; Logistic Systems; and Network Governance System. RESULTS: There is heterogeneity in the operationalization of the Care Network and the obstacles to its integration and comprehensiveness were: fragility of the bond with the users; high turnover of professionals in Primary Health Care; lack of standardization of the reference system and counter-referral, and low cooperation between municipal and state health services. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The organization of the Brazilian Breast Cancer Care Network is fragmented, thus compromising the comprehensiveness of care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Enfermeiras Administradoras/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Rede Social , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Enferm. glob ; 18(54): 79-93, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183478

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar los niveles preliminares de estrés, Burnout y depresión entre los auxiliares y técnicos de enfermería que trabajan en las unidades de cuidados intensivos de algunos servicios hospitalarios privados.Método: Estudio de enfoque cuantitativo-analítico y transversal, en 3 servicios hospitalarios privados y en 4 unidades de terapia intensiva. El instrumento de recolección de datos se compuso de 5 cuestionarios validados: perfil socioeconómico y demográfico, sintomatología del estrés en Bacarro, Escala de Estrés en el Trabajo, Cuestionario de JBeili, versión brasileña inspirada en el Maslach Burnout Inventory (versión HSS - Human Services Survey) el Inventario de Depresión de Beck, todos los datos fueron tratados a través de la estadística analítica.Resultados: Fueron abordados 72 auxiliares y técnicos de enfermería, donde la mayoría era del sexo femenino (52,8%), técnicos en enfermería (95,8%), entre 31 a 35 años (27,8%), casados (54,2%) y con 2 o más vínculos de trabajo (62,5%). En la fase inicial del síndrome de Burnout (68,1%) y con cuadro disfórico-depresivo (45,4%) en Bacarro, con estrés leve (66,7%) en la escala de estrés en el trabajo, en la fase inicial del síndrome de Burnout (68,1%) y con cuadro disfórico-depresivo (45,8%).Conclusión: Las unidades de cuidados intensivos son ambientes insalubres, potencialmente tensiogénicos y con elevada tasa de absentismo. Los participantes del estudio mantienen doble jornada de trabajo, en su mayoría mujeres y con hijos, presentando escores preocupantes de estrés, Burnout y depresión


Objetivo: Analisar os níveis preliminares de estresse, Burnout e depressão entre os auxiliares e técnicos de enfermagem que trabalham nas unidades de terapia intensiva de alguns serviços hospitalares privados.Método: Estudo de abordagem quantitativo-analítica e transversal, em 3 serviços hospitalares privados e em 4 unidades de terapia intensiva. O instrumento de coleta dos dados foi composto de 5 questionários validados: perfil socioeconômico e demográfico, sintomatologia do estresse em Bacarro, Escala de Estresse no Trabalho, Questionário de JBeili, versão brasileira inspirada no Maslach Burnout Inventory (versão HSS - Human Services Survey) e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck, todos dados foram tratados através da estatística analítica. Resultados: Foram abordados 72 auxiliares e técnicos de enfermagem, onde a maioria era do sexo feminino (52,8%), técnicos em enfermagem (95,8%), entre 31 a 35 anos (27,8%), casados (54,2%) e com 2 ou mais vínculos empregatícios (62,5%). Classificados com estresse moderado (70,8%) em Bacarro, com estresse leve (66,7%) na escala de estresse no trabalho, na fase inicial da síndrome de Burnout (68,1%) e com quadro disfórico-depressivo (45,8%).Conclusão: As unidades de terapia intensiva são ambientes insalubres, potencialmente tensiogênicos e com elevada taxa de absenteísmo. Os participantes do estudo mantêm dupla jornada de trabalho, em sua maioria mulheres e com filhos, apresentando escores elevados de estresse, Burnout e depressão


Objective: To analyze the preliminary levels of stress, Burnout and depression among nursing assistants and technicians working at intensive care units of some private hospital services.Method: A quantitative-analytical and cross-sectional study in three private hospital services and in four intensive care units. The data collection instrument consisted of five validated questionnaires: socioeconomic and demographic profile, stress symptomatology in Bacarro, Work Stress Scale, JBeili Questionnaire, Brazilian version inspired by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (HSS - Human Services Survey) and the Beck Depression Inventory, all data were treated using analytical statistics.Results: The study included 72 nursing assistants and technicians, the majority was female (52.8%), nursing technician (95.8%), aged 31-35 years old (27.8%), married (54,2%) and with two or more employments (62.5%). They were classified with moderate stress (70.8%) in Bacarro, with mild stress (66.7%) on the work stress scale, in initial phase of Burnout syndrome (68.1%) and with dysphoric-depressive symptoms (45,8%).Conclusion: Intensive care units are potentially tensiogenic unhealthy environments and with high absenteeism rates. The study participants keep double working hours, mostly women and with children, presenting high scores of stress, Burnout and depression


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Críticos/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Condições de Trabalho
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