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1.
J Neurosci Nurs ; 53(3): 123-128, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782356

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Alteration in olfaction, the sense of smell, can lead to a surprisingly high level of functional disability. Effects can range from mild changes in nutrient intake to a significant decrease in quality of life. Olfactory dysfunction can follow clinical problems such as trauma to the brain and nose. During recent months, in the setting of the current worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, it has become clear that olfaction can also be damaged by viruses that enter the body through the nose. METHODS: To learn more about this important clinical problem, we reviewed the current literature about smell sensation and the contextual application of altered olfaction in the setting of COVID-19. Knowledge about this topic, along with other clinical aspects of COVID-19, is expanding quickly. CONCLUSION: Nurses perform assessments, assist with implementing treatment interventions, and provide vital education to patients and their families. These interventions help patients with olfactory dysfunction achieve the best possible functional outcome.


Assuntos
/complicações , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Olfato/fisiologia , /fisiopatologia , Humanos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
2.
Am J Nurs ; 121(4): 57-60, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755632

RESUMO

This is the last of three articles exploring ways in which frontline nurses may be affected by recommendations of the forthcoming National Academy of Medicine Future of Nursing 2020-2030 study. For this third article, interviews were conducted with nurse leaders from diverse practice areas to see how their thinking about the future had shifted as 2020 drew to a close.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras/psicologia , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Previsões , Humanos , Estados Unidos
4.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e39222, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1116097

RESUMO

Objetivo: desenvolver uma reflexão teórica-reflexiva acerca da vulnerabilidade e suas dimensões nos cuidados de enfermagem aos grupos humanos. Conteúdo: Trata-se de uma análise reflexiva, fundamentada no referencial de vulnerabilidade e direitos humanos, que promoveu uma reflexão acerca do tema proposto, com o propósito de uma aprendizagem prática- reflexiva a partir da imersão nos contextos práticos-teóricos sobre o tema, para tecer uma análise de como as dimensões da vulnerabilidade podem ser trabalhadas com os cuidados de enfermagem aos diversos grupos humanos. Considerações finais: Verifica-se, a partir desse estudo, que a vulnerabilidade envolve a combinação de elementos que refletem na dimensão individual, social e programática e estão associadas às experiências de facilidade e dificuldades impostas pelo processo saúdedoença relacionadas ao modo de vida de cada grupo e aos cuidados de enfermagem prestados.


Objective: to develop a reflective and theoretical discussion about vulnerability and its dimensions in nursing care for human groups. Content: this reflective analysis, framed by reference to vulnerability and human rights, conducted group thinking on the proposed theme, with a view to practical and theoretical learning through immersion in related practical and theoretical contexts, so as to build an analysis of how dimensions of vulnerability can be addressed by nursing care for diverse human groups. Final considerations: this study found that vulnerability involves a combination of components reflected in the individual, social and programmatic dimensions and associated with experiences of difficulties and solutions imposed by the health-disease process. related to the lifestyle of each group and the nursing care provided.


Objetivo: desarrollar una discusión reflexiva y teórica sobre la vulnerabilidad y sus dimensiones en el cuidado de enfermería para grupos humanos. Contenido: este análisis reflexivo, enmarcado en referencia a la vulnerabilidad y los derechos humanos, realizó un pensamiento grupal sobre el tema propuesto, con miras al aprendizaje práctico y teórico a través de la inmersión en contextos prácticos y teóricos relacionados, a fin de construir un análisis de cómo las dimensiones de La vulnerabilidad puede ser abordada por el cuidado de enfermería para diversos grupos humanos. Consideraciones finales: este estudio encontró que la vulnerabilidad implica una combinación de componentes reflejados en las dimensiones individuales, sociales y programáticas y asociados con experiencias de dificultades y soluciones impuestas por el proceso de salud-enfermedad. relacionado con el estilo de vida de cada grupo y la atención de enfermería brindada.


Assuntos
Humanos , Populações Vulneráveis , Vulnerabilidade em Saúde , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Equidade em Saúde , Acolhimento
7.
SEMERGEN, Soc. Esp. Med. Rural Gen. (Ed. Impr.) ; 46(supl.1): 42-46, ago. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and associated factors with SARS-CoV-2 infection in general practitioners and nurses of primary care centers and nursing homes in the health area of León (Spain). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a convenience sample of professionals from 30 health centers and 30 nursing homes from the primary care management division of the Healthcare Area of Leon. The work center, type of profession, COVID-19 infection, level of exposure, compliance with preventive measures, isolation (if required) and diagnostic tests carried out were collected. The determination of infection was made by differentiated rapid diagnostic test (dRDT), using a finger-stick whole-blood sample. The association of variables with infection was assessed by multivariable non-conditional logistic regression. The true prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection was calculated according to two scenarios for RDT (Sensitivity=0.6 and Specificity=0.985; Sensitivity=0.8 and Specificity=1). RESULTS: The true prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection was between 4.9% - 11.0%. The observed prevalence was 5.9%, being higher in nursing home compared to primary care centers (9.5% vs. 5.5%). No statistically significant differences were observed by sex, type of professional, level of exposure or compliance with preventive measures. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in this group is low. A high number of professionals remain susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection and therefore protective measures should be taken, especially in nursing home professionals


OBJETIVO: Evaluar la prevalencia y los factores asociados a la infección por SARS-CoV-2 en médicos y enfermeras de centros de atención primaria y residencias de ancianos del área de salud de León (España). MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional realizado en una muestra de conveniencia de profesionales de 30 centros de salud y 30 residencias de ancianos, de la Gerencia de Atención Primaria del área de salud de León. Se recogió información del centro de trabajo, tipo de profesión, infección por COVID-19, nivel de exposición, cumplimiento de medidas preventivas, aislamiento (si fue requerido) y test diagnósticos realizados. La determinación de infección fue llevada a cabo mediante prueba de diagnóstico rápido diferenciado (PDRd), usando muestra de sangre capilar. La asociación de las variables con la infección se evaluó mediante regresión logística multivariable no condicional. La prevalencia real de infección por SARS-CoV-2 fue calculada de acuerdo a dos escenarios para el PDRd (Sensibilidad=0,6 y Especificidad=0,985; Sensibilidad=0,8 y Especificidad=1). RESULTADOS: La prevalencia real de infección por SARS-CoV-2 se encontró entre 4,9%-11,0%. La prevalencia observada fue de 5,9%, siendo mayor en trabajadores de residencias de ancianos que de centros de salud de atención primaria (9,5% vs 5,5%). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas por sexo, tipo de profesional, nivel de exposición o cumplimiento de medidas preventivas. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de la infección por el SARS-CoV-2 en este grupo es baja. Un gran número de profesionales siguen siendo susceptibles a la infección por el SARS-CoV-2 y, por lo tanto, medidas de protección deben ser adoptadas, especialmente en los profesionales de las residencias de ancianos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/isolamento & purificação , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Medicina Geral/tendências , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Precauções Universais/métodos
10.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(3): e20170809, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the nursing care provided to people deprived of liberty (PDL) in the hospital environment. METHODS: An exploratory-descriptive study with a qualitative approach, conducted with 38 nursing professionals in three regional hospitals located in the Northeast of Brazil, between March and July of 2016. Content analysis was performed on the data. RESULTS: Two categories emerged from the analysis: nursing care provided to people deprived of liberty in the hospital setting and self-evaluation of nursing care provided to PDL. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The nursing care delivered to people deprived of liberty in the hospital environment is limited to technical procedures, revealing a fragmented work process that falls short of the standards of public policies. We found that structural deficiency, particularly regarding safety in the hospital environment, associated with lack of professional training to deal with this clientele, make nursing care difficult in this context.


Assuntos
Hospitais/tendências , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Prisioneiros , Brasil , Humanos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Enferm. glob ; 19(58): 640-656, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195568

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La comunicación y la relación interpersonal son los elementos más esenciales para un cuidado humanizado. El establecimiento de una relación más allá de la atención física a través de la humanización de las acciones en el plan de cuidados, favorece el proceso de recuperación; sin embargo, tanto en la formación como en la práctica enfermera se mantiene la inercia de un enfoque técnico y neopositivista, dejando de lado tales aspectos. OBJETIVO: Aportar conocimientos más específicos sobre la importancia de situar y orientar los cuidados de la enfermería desde una proyección biopsicosocial, con un enfoque humanizado, poniendo especial énfasis en las competencias comunicativas y relaciones interpersonales como elementos esenciales. METODOLOGÍA: Revisión bibliográfica integrativa, con análisis crítico de la literatura consultada, que incluye artículos originales y de revisión publicados en castellano, portugués e inglés de 2013 a 2018. Para la búsqueda se han consultado las bases de datos SciELO, MEDLINE/Pubmed, Web of Science y CUIDEN. RESULTADOS: Se han extraído cuatro categorías de análisis que dan como resultado 1) las habilidades comunicativas y emocionales como elementos esenciales del cuidado humanizado, 2) la necesaria capacitación emocional y comunicativa en la formación de enfermería, 3) otros factores que contribuyen a un cuidado humanizado y 4) cambios metodológicos y recursos pedagógicos para la capacitación comunicativa y emocional de docentes, alumnado y profesionales de enfermería. CONCLUSIONES: Se reclama la necesidad de incorporar, de manera más pedagógica y profunda, programas formativos en competencias emocionales y de comunicación en enfermería para un cuidado humanizado


INTRODUCTION: Communication and interpersonal relationships are the most essential elements of humanised care. The process of recovery is fostered by establishing relationships outside of physical care through the humanisation of actions in the care plan. However, in both nursing training and nursing practice, the inertia of a technical and neo-positivist approach persists and such aspects are therefore neglected. OBJECTIVE: To provide more specific knowledge on the importance of considering nursing care from a biopsychosocial perspective, with a humanised approach, placing special emphasis on communicative skills and interpersonal relationships as essential elements. METHODS: An integrative literature review, with a critical analysis of the literature consulted, including original articles and reviews published in Spanish, Portuguese, and English from 2013 to 2018. The SciELO, MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, and CUIDEN databases were searched. RESULTS: The following four categories emerged from this analysis: 1) communicative and emotional skills as essential elements of humanised care; 2) the necessary emotional and communicative training in nursing education; 3) other factors contributing to humanised care; and 4) methodological changes and pedagogical resources for the communicative and emotional training of lecturers, students, and nursing professionals. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to develop, in a more pedagogical and profound way, training programmes in nursing on emotional skills and communication for humanised care


Assuntos
Humanos , Humanização da Assistência , Enfermagem Holística/tendências , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Educação em Enfermagem/tendências , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Comunicação em Saúde/tendências
14.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(3): 125-127, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068622

RESUMO

As systems evolve over time, their natural tendency is to become increasingly more complex. Studies in the field of complex systems have generated new perspectives on the application of management strategies in health systems. Much of this research appears as a natural extension of the cross-disciplinary field of systems theory. Since writing my 1st article for Managing Organizational Complexity in 2004, much has happened to further our understanding of complexity in healthcare systems. The growth of new computational methods in the fields of data science and data analytics has allowed scientists to identify signals or patterns in large complex data sets (big data) that in the past were seemingly hidden. Rather than relying on historical statistical methods to infer outcomes, these advanced methods combined with increased computer processing power allow machines to learn the structure of data and create artificial intelligence (AI). In our ongoing efforts to find solutions for complex healthcare problems, AI is becoming more and more an accepted method. The purpose of this edition of Managing Organizational Complexity is to define AI and machine learning, discuss the recent resurgence of AI, and then provide examples of how AI can provide value to healthcare with an emphasis on nursing.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial/tendências , Eficiência Organizacional/tendências , Enfermeiras Administradoras/tendências , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Humanos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/tendências
16.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(1,supl): 164-170, ene. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-193177

RESUMO

Introduction: Sadness as a basic of the human being emotion. It can be associated with the intrinsic of the younger's characteristics and their context. It may manifest as discouragement, unwillingness to perform routine and social activities, low self-esteem or aloneness. Hopelessness arises when there is no sight of possibilities, confi-dence in others or future, enthusiasm for life being. That can inhibit the set goals and energy mobilization. These feelings may be signs of more complex problems, such as depressive disorders when associated with loss of interest or pleasure, changes in appetite, sleep and concentration and suicidal ideation thoughts. Aims: To identify the sadness and hopelessness feelings perceived by the younger ́s and the associations between these feelings and demographic, educational and family characteristics. Method: Descriptive correlational study with 1377 Portuguese younger ́s, which go into high school, aged 14-21 years, average age 17 years and mostly female. Was used the survey "Comportamentos de saúde, comportamentos de risco e envolvimento dos jovens com a escola e a família". Results: Sadness and hopelessness were not noticed by most younger ́s. However, there is a higher risk in younger's with negative school performance, who relate good relationship with colleagues, have never felt threatened by their colleagues, when they become involved with school and family and even if they are perceived the family as functional. Conclusions: Health professionals should identify early, value feelings of sadness and hopelessness in younger ́s and have a transdisciplinary and inclusive practice in health education, in school and family contexts


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Luto/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Sintomas Afetivos/enfermagem , Portugal/epidemiologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Correlação de Dados , Características da Família , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Educação em Saúde/tendências , Promoção da Saúde/tendências
17.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(1,supl): 296-303, ene. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-193322

RESUMO

The phenomenology of practice is a qualitative scientific method, defended by van Manen, who intends to analyze the phenomenon associated with one's lived experience. This article aims to analyze the application of the scientific method of the phenomenology of practice in the scientific production published in the oncology nursing discipline between 2010 and 2018, through a bibliometric analysis. As a method of analysis of the articles we resorted to bibliometric review because it allows a quantitative and objective reflection through the use of bibliometric indicators. As a result of the analysis of the 19 articles, 73% of the articles have as target population the cancer patient and their experience of the disease and its treatment. The publications are made in journals with an average IF of 1,337 and with the maximum number of citations of 54. As a conclusion of this bibliometric analysis, the fact that the method of phenomenology of practice has been increasingly applicable in Nursing stands out. Oncology in recent years, with relevance in the production of knowledge and which provides this discipline to illustrate the life experience of the people being studied


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Enfermagem Oncológica/tendências , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Neoplasias/enfermagem , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores Bibliométricos , Fator de Impacto de Revistas
18.
20.
J Adv Nurs ; 76(2): 741-748, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657041

RESUMO

AIMS: To discuss nurses' contributions to global health through their participation in GAPFON®. DESIGN: Discussion paper that reviews literature related to global health, global nursing and midwifery based on the contributions of the GAPFON® report. DATA SOURCES: A literature search of electronic databases was conducted for published articles during 2014-2018 in English focusing on the main themes of the GAPFON® report. Manual searches of relevant journals and internet sites were also undertaken. RESULTS: Recommendations and strategies were discussed that could have an impact on the advancement of the nursing profession's contribution to global health based on the GAPFON® report outcomes. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: GAPFON® provides a framework to synergize and converge our activities to address professional issues around the globe, through implementation of the suggested strategies identified in the GAPFON® report. GAPFON® has engaged with nursing and midwifery leaders around the globe to determine both the most pressing health issues and professional issues in regions and the report is a synthesis of all the data, reflecting regional and global challenges. This article explores ways of how the report can be used as a basis for engagement with decision makers in global health. CONCLUSION: Advances in the professional areas embedded in the GAPFON® Model are expected to lead to capacity building, evidence-based practice and ultimately improved quality of global health care. The strategies for implementation identified by regional stakeholders can have an impact on the global health agenda by focusing on nurses and midwives as the drivers of this change.


Assuntos
Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Global/tendências , Tocologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Tocologia/tendências , Cuidados de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , Humanos
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