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BMC Palliat Care ; 22(1): 145, 2023 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37773128


BACKGROUND: One of the most important and ethically challenging decisions made for children with life-limiting conditions is withholding/withdrawing life-sustaining treatments (LST). As important (co-)decision-makers in this process, physicians are expected to have deeply and broadly developed views. However, their attitudes and experiences in this area remain difficult to understand because of the diversity of the studies. Hence, the aim of this paper is to describe physicians' attitudes and experiences about withholding/withdrawing LST in pediatrics and to identify the influencing factors. METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed, Cinahl®, Embase®, Scopus®, and Web of Science™ in early 2021 and updated the search results in late 2021. Eligible articles were published in English, reported on investigations of physicians' attitudes and experiences about withholding/withdrawing LST for children, and were quantitative. RESULTS: In 23 included articles, overall, physicians stated that withholding/withdrawing LST can be ethically legitimate for children with life-limiting conditions. Physicians tended to follow parents' and parents-patient's wishes about withholding/withdrawing or continuing LST when they specified treatment preferences. Although most physicians agreed to share decision-making with parents and/or children, they nonetheless reported experiencing both negative and positive feelings during the decision-making process. Moderating factors were identified, including barriers to and facilitators of withholding/withdrawing LST. In general, there was only a limited number of quantitative studies to support the hypothesis that some factors can influence physicians' attitudes and experiences toward LST. CONCLUSION: Overall, physicians agreed to withhold/withdraw LST in dying patients, followed parent-patients' wishes, and involved them in decision-making. Barriers and facilitators relevant to the decision-making regarding withholding/withdrawing LST were identified. Future studies should explore children's involvement in decision-making and consider barriers that hinder implementation of decisions about withholding/withdrawing LST.

Médicos , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Criança , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Atitude , Suspensão de Tratamento , Tomada de Decisões
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed ; 118(8): 611-618, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37344698


Severe multiple trauma in children is rare with approximately 380-550 cases per year in Germany. In addition to the S3 guideline "Polytrauma", which was published more than a decade ago, the S2K guideline "Severe multiple trauma care in childhood" was published in 2020. Accidents and especially the resulting traumatic brain injuries still represent the most frequent cause of death in children. While prehospital treatment according to Prehospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS®) is basically analogous to that in adults which is based on the ABCDE concept (airway, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure), knowledge of age-dependent anatomical-physiological characteristics is essential. For simplification, various tools and dosing aids, such as the pediatric emergency ruler and specific emergency tables, are available. Further treatment after initial preclinical care should take place in an interdisciplinary manner in designated pediatric trauma centers.

Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Traumatismo Múltiplo , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Traumatismo Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Traumatismo Múltiplo/terapia , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Ressuscitação/métodos , Alemanha , Centros de Traumatologia
J Bioeth Inq ; 20(3): 457-466, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37380828


In 2015, the major critical care societies issued guidelines outlining a procedural approach to resolving intractable conflict between healthcare professionals and surrogates over life-sustaining treatments (LST). We report our experience with a resolving conflict procedure. This was a retrospective, single-centre cohort study of ethics consultations involving intractable conflict over LST. The resolving conflict process was initiated eleven times for ten patients over 2,015 ethics consultations from 2000 to 2020. In all cases, the ethics committee recommended withdrawal of the contested LST. In seven cases, the patient died or was transferred or a legal injunction was obtained before completion of the process. In the four cases in which LST was withdrawn, the time from ethics consultation to withdrawal of LST was 24.8 ± 12.2 days. Healthcare provider and surrogate were often distressed during the process, sometimes resulting in escalation of conflict and legal action. In some cases, however, surrogates appeared relieved that they did not have to make the final decision regarding LST. Challenges regarding implementation included the time needed for process completion and limited usefulness in emergent situations. Although it is feasible to implement a due process approach to conflict over LST, there are factors that limit the procedure's usefulness.

Cuidados Críticos , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Suspensão de Tratamento , Tomada de Decisões
Resuscitation ; 190: 109860, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37270090


AIM: To develop a simple scoring model that identifies individuals satisfying the termination of resuscitation (TOR) rule but having potential to achieve favourable neurological outcome following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: This study analysed the All-Japan Utstein Registry from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2019. We identified patients satisfying basic life support (BLS) and advanced life support (ALS) TOR rules and determined factors associated with favourable neurological outcome (cerebral performance category scale of 1 or 2) for each cohort using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Scoring models were derived and validated to identify patient subgroups that might benefit from continued resuscitation efforts. RESULTS: Among 1,695,005 eligible patients, 1,086,092 (64.1%) and 409,498 (24.2%) satisfied BLS and ALS TOR rules, respectively. One month post-arrest, 2038 (0.2%) and 590 (0.1%) patients in the BLS and ALS cohorts, respectively, achieved favourable neurological outcome. A scoring model derived for the BLS cohort (2 points for age <17 years or ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia rhythm; 1 point for age <80 years, pulseless electrical activity rhythm, or transport time <25 min) effectively stratified the probability of achieving 1-month favourable neurological outcome, with patients scoring <4 having a probability of <1%, whereas those scoring 4, 5, and 6 having probabilities of 1.1%, 7.1%, and 11.1%, respectively. In the ALS cohort, the probability increased with scores; however, it remained <1%. CONCLUSION: A simple scoring model comprising age, first documented cardiac rhythm, and transport time effectively stratified the likelihood of achieving favourable neurological outcome in patients satisfying the BLS TOR rule.

Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Adolescente , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Ordens quanto à Conduta (Ética Médica) , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida
Injury ; 54(9): 110860, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37328347


BACKGROUND: Disparities in trauma systems, including gaps between trauma center levels, affect patient outcomes. Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) is a standard method of care that improves the performance of lower-level trauma systems. We sought to study potential gaps in ATLS education within a national trauma system. METHODS: This prospective observational study examined the characteristics of 588 surgical board residents and fellows taking the ATLS course. The course is required for board certification in adult trauma specialties (general surgery, emergency medicine, and anesthesiology), pediatric trauma specialties (pediatric emergency medicine and pediatric surgery), and trauma consulting specialties (all other surgical board specialties). We compared the differences in course accessibility and success rates within a national trauma system which includes seven level 1 trauma centers (L1TC) and twenty-three non-level 1 hospitals (NL1H). RESULTS: Resident and fellow students were 53% male, 46% employed in L1TC, and 86% were in the final stages of their specialty program. Only 32% were enrolled in adult trauma specialty programs. Students from L1TC had a 10% higher ATLS course pass rate than NL1H (p = 0.003). Trauma center level was associated with higher odds to pass the ATLS course, even after adjustment to other variables (OR = 1.925 [95% CI = 1.151 to 3.219]). Compared to NL1H, the course was two-three times more accessible to students from L1TC and 9% more accessible to adult trauma specialty programs (p = 0.035). The course was more accessible to students at early levels of training in NL1H (p < 0.001). Female students and trauma consulting specialties enrolled in L1TC programs were more likely to pass the course (OR = 2.557 [95% CI = 1.242 to 5.264] and 2.578 [95% CI = 1.385 to 4.800], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Passing the ATLS course is affected by trauma center level, independent of other student factors. Educational disparities between L1TC and NL1H include ATLS course access for core trauma residency programs at early training stages. Some gaps are more pronounced among consulting trauma specialties and female surgeons. Educational resources should be planned to favor lower-level trauma centers, specialties dealing in trauma care, and residents early in their postgraduate training.

Medicina de Emergência , Internato e Residência , Traumatologia , Adulto , Criança , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Cuidados de Suporte Avançado de Vida no Trauma , Traumatologia/educação , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Educação Médica Continuada , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida
Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg ; 49(5): 2165-2172, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37162554


INTRODUCTION: Traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (tOHCA) has a mortality rate over 95%. Many current protocols dictate rapid intra-arrest transport of these patients. We hypothesized that on-scene advanced life support (ALS) would increase the odds of arriving at the emergency department with ROSC (ROSC at ED) in comparison to performance of no ALS or ALS en route. METHODS: We utilized the 2018-2021 ESO Research Collaborative public use datasets for this study, which contain patient care records from ~2000 EMS agencies across the US. All OHCA patients with an etiology of "trauma" or "exsanguination" were screened (n=15,691). The time of advanced airway management, vascular access, and chest decompression was determined for each patient. Logistic regression modeling was used to evaluate the association of ALS intervention timing with ROSC at ED. RESULTS: 4942 patients met inclusion criteria. 14.6% of patients had ROSC at ED. In comparison to no vascular access, on-scene (aOR: 2.14 [1.31, 3.49]) but not en route vascular access was associated with increased odds of having ROSC at ED arrival. In comparison to no chest decompression, neither en route nor on-scene chest decompression were associated with ROSC at ED arrival. Similarly, in comparison to no advanced airway management, neither en route nor on-scene advanced airway management were associated with ROSC at ED arrival. The odds of ROSC at ED decreased by 3% (aOR: 0.97 [0.94, 0.99]) for every 1-minute increase in time to vascular access and decreased by 5% (aOR: 0.95 [0.94, 0.99]) for every 1-minute increase in time to epinephrine. CONCLUSION: On-scene ALS interventions were associated with increased ROSC at ED in our study. These data suggest that initiating ALS prior to rapid transport to definitive care in the setting of tOHCA may increase the number of patients with a palpable pulse at ED arrival.

Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Humanos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Retorno da Circulação Espontânea
Hastings Cent Rep ; 53(2): 9-11, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37092653


In 2022, the U.S. Supreme Court removed constitutional protection from the individual's right to end a pregnancy. In Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, the Court invalidated previous rulings protecting that right as part of the individual liberty and privacy interests embedded in the U.S. Constitution. Now, many observers are speculating about the fate of other rights founded on those interests. The Dobbs ruling conflicts with the Court's 1990 Cruzan decision restricting the government's power to interfere with personal medical choices. The language and reasoning in Dobbs and Cruzan offer guidance on how the Court might address future cases involving the right to refuse life-sustaining treatment. The decisions also point to policy strategies for preserving that right.

Regulamentação Governamental , Decisões da Suprema Corte , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Constituição e Estatutos , Liberdade , Direitos do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Autonomia Pessoal , Privacidade/legislação & jurisprudência , Direito a Morrer/legislação & jurisprudência , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Estados Unidos , Suspensão de Tratamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida/legislação & jurisprudência , Tomada de Decisões , Direitos Humanos/legislação & jurisprudência
JAMA Intern Med ; 183(5): 462-469, 2023 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36972031


Importance: Patients receiving maintenance dialysis experience intensive patterns of end-of-life care that might not be consistent with their values. Objective: To evaluate the association of patients' health care values with engagement in advance care planning and end-of-life care. Design, Setting, and Participants: Survey study of patients who received maintenance dialysis between 2015 and 2018 at dialysis centers in the greater metropolitan areas of Seattle, Washington, and Nashville, Tennessee, with longitudinal follow-up of decedents. Logistic regression models were used to estimate probabilities. Data analysis was conducted between May and October 2022. Exposures: A survey question about the value that the participant would place on longevity-focused vs comfort-focused care if they were to become seriously ill. Main Outcomes and Measures: Self-reported engagement in advance care planning and care received near the end of life through 2020 using linked kidney registry data and Medicare claims. Results: Of 933 patients (mean [SD] age, 62.6 [14.0] years; 525 male patients [56.3%]; 254 [27.2%] identified as Black) who responded to the question about values and could be linked to registry data (65.2% response rate [933 of 1431 eligible patients]), 452 (48.4%) indicated that they would value comfort-focused care, 179 (19.2%) that they would value longevity-focused care, and 302 (32.4%) that they were unsure about the intensity of care they would value. Many had not completed an advance directive (estimated probability, 47.5% [95% CI, 42.9%-52.1%] of those who would value comfort-focused care vs 28.1% [95% CI, 24.0%-32.3%] of those who would value longevity-focused care or were unsure; P < .001), had not discussed hospice (estimated probability, 28.6% [95% CI, 24.6%-32.9%] comfort focused vs 18.2% [95% CI, 14.7%-21.7%] longevity focused or unsure; P < .001), or had not discussed stopping dialysis (estimated probability, 33.3% [95% CI, 29.0%-37.7%] comfort focused vs 21.9% [95% CI, 18.2%-25.8%] longevity focused or unsure; P < .001). Most respondents wanted to receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (estimated probability, 78.0% [95% CI, 74.2%-81.7%] comfort focused vs 93.9% [95% CI, 91.4%-96.1%] longevity focused or unsure; P < .001) and mechanical ventilation (estimated probability, 52.0% [95% CI, 47.4%-56.6%] comfort focused vs 77.9% [95% CI, 74.0%-81.7%] longevity focused or unsure; P < .001). Among decedents, the percentages of participants who received an intensive procedure during the final month of life (estimated probability, 23.5% [95% CI, 16.5%-31.0%] comfort focused vs 26.1% [95% CI, 18.0%-34.5%] longevity focused or unsure; P = .64), discontinued dialysis (estimated probability, 38.3% [95% CI, 32.0%-44.8%] comfort focused vs 30.2% [95% CI, 23.0%-37.8%] longevity focused or unsure; P = .09), and enrolled in hospice (estimated probability, 32.2% [95% CI, 25.7%-38.7%] comfort focused vs 23.3% [95% CI, 16.4%-30.5%] longevity focused or unsure; P = .07) were not statistically different. Conclusions and Relevance: This survey study found that there appeared to be a disconnect between patients' expressed values, which were largely comfort focused, and their engagement in advance care planning and end-of-life care, which reflected a focus on longevity. These findings suggest important opportunities to improve the quality of care for patients receiving dialysis.

Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Estados Unidos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal , Medicare , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida
Palliat Support Care ; 21(1): 20-26, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36814149


OBJECTIVE: In 2019, the Danish parliament issued legislation requiring Danish physicians to clarify and honor seriously ill patients' treatment preferences. The American POLST (Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment) document could be a valuable model for this process. The aim of the study was to examine patients' preferences for life-sustaining treatment and participant assessment of a Danish POLST form. METHODS: The study is a prospective intervention based on a pilot-tested Danish POLST form. Participant assessments were examined using questionnaire surveys. Patients with serious illness and/or frailty from seven hospital wards, two general practitioners, and four nursing homes were included. The patients and their physicians completed the POLST form based on a process of shared decision-making. RESULTS: A total of 95 patients (aged 41-95) participated. Hereof, 88% declined cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 83% preferred limited medical interventions or comfort care, and 74% did not require artificial nutrition. The preferences were similar within age groups, genders, and locations, but with a tendency toward younger patients being more in favor of full treatment and nursing home residents being more in favor of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Questionnaire response rates were 69% (66/95) for patients, 79% (22/28) for physicians, and 31% (9/29) for nurses. Hereof, the majority of patients, physicians, and nurses found that the POLST form was usable for conversations and decision-making about life-sustaining treatment to either a high or very high degree. SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS: The majority of seriously ill patients did not want a resuscitation attempt and opted for selected treatments. The majority of participants found that the Danish POLST was usable for conversations and decisions about life-sustaining treatment to either a high or a very high degree, and that the POLST form facilitated an opportunity to openly discuss life-sustaining treatment.

Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Médicos , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Ordens quanto à Conduta (Ética Médica) , Diretivas Antecipadas , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Estudos Prospectivos
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 23(1): 1, 2023 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609257


BACKGROUND: Life-sustaining treatment (LST) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is withheld or withdrawn when there is no reasonable expectation of beneficial outcome. This is especially relevant in old patients where further functional decline might be detrimental for the self-perceived quality of life. However, there still is substantial uncertainty involved in decisions about LST. We used the framework of information theory to assess that uncertainty by measuring information processed during decision-making. METHODS: Datasets from two multicentre studies (VIP1, VIP2) with a total of 7488 ICU patients aged 80 years or older were analysed concerning the contribution of information about the acute illness, age, gender, frailty and other geriatric characteristics to decisions about LST. The role of these characteristics in the decision-making process was quantified by the entropy of likelihood distributions and the Kullback-Leibler divergence with regard to withholding or withdrawing decisions. RESULTS: Decisions to withhold or withdraw LST were made in 2186 and 1110 patients, respectively. Both in VIP1 and VIP2, information about the acute illness had the lowest entropy and largest Kullback-Leibler divergence with respect to decisions about withdrawing LST. Age, gender and geriatric characteristics contributed to that decision only to a smaller degree. CONCLUSIONS: Information about the severity of the acute illness and, thereby, short-term prognosis dominated decisions about LST in old ICU patients. The smaller contribution of geriatric features suggests persistent uncertainty about the importance of functional outcome. There still remains a gap to fully explain decision-making about LST and further research involving contextual information is required. TRIAL REGISTRATION: VIP1 study: NCT03134807 (1 May 2017), VIP2 study: NCT03370692 (12 December 2017).

Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Suspensão de Tratamento , Humanos , Idoso , Qualidade de Vida , Doença Aguda , Cuidados Críticos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tomada de Decisões
Am J Emerg Med ; 65: 118-124, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608395


OBJECTIVE: The role of basic life support (BLS) vs. advanced life support (ALS) in pediatric trauma is controversial. Although ALS is widely accepted as the gold standard, previous studies have found no advantage of ALS over BLS care in adult trauma. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether ALS transport confers a survival advantage over BLS among severely injured children. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of data included in the Israeli National Trauma Registry from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2020 was conducted. All the severely injured children (age < 18 years and injury severity score [ISS] ≥16) were included. Patient survival by mode of transport was analyzed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 3167 patients included in the study, 65.1% were transported by ALS and 34.9% by BLS. Significantly more patients transported by ALS had ISS ≥25 as well as abnormal vital signs at admission. The ALS and BLS cohorts were comparable in age, gender, mechanism of injury, and prehospital time. Children transported by ALS had higher in-hospital mortality (9.2% vs. 0.9%, p < 0.001). Following risk adjustment, patients transported by ALS teams were significantly more likely to die than patients transported by BLS (adjusted OR 2.27, 95% CI 1.05-5.41, p = 0.04). Patients with ISS ≥50 had comparable mortality rates in both groups (45.9% vs. 55.6%, p = 0.837) while patients with GCS <9 transported by ALS had higher mortality (25.9% vs. 11.5%, p = 0.019). Admission to a level II trauma center vs. a level I hospital was also associated with increased mortality (adjusted OR 2.78 (95% CI 1.75-4.55, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among severely injured children, prehospital ALS care was not associated with lower mortality rates relative to BLS care. Because of potential confounding by severity in this retrospective analysis, further studies are warranted to validate these results.

Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida/métodos , Centros de Traumatologia
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1448957


Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)

Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)

Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Intervenção Psicossocial , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Ansiedade , Orientação , Dor , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais , Paternidade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Pacientes , Pediatria , Placenta , Placentação , Complicações na Gravidez , Manutenção da Gravidez , Prognóstico , Teoria Psicanalítica , Psicologia , Transtornos Puerperais , Qualidade de Vida , Radiação , Religião , Reprodução , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Reprodutivos e Urinários , Cirurgia Geral , Síndrome , Anormalidades Congênitas , Temperança , Terapêutica , Sistema Urogenital , Bioética , Consultórios Médicos , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Trabalho de Parto , Gravidez , Prenhez , Resultado da Gravidez , Adaptação Psicológica , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Ecocardiografia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Família , Aborto Espontâneo , Educação Infantil , Proteção da Criança , Saúde Mental , Saúde da Família , Taxa de Sobrevida , Expectativa de Vida , Causas de Morte , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Licença Parental , Competência Mental , Rim Policístico Autossômico Recessivo , Síndrome de Down , Assistência Perinatal , Assistência Integral à Saúde , Compostos Químicos , Depressão Pós-Parto , Manifestações Neurocomportamentais , Crianças com Deficiência , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos , Número de Gestações , Intervenção na Crise , Afeto , Análise Citogenética , Espiritualidade , Cumplicidade , Valor da Vida , Parto Humanizado , Morte , Tomada de Decisões , Mecanismos de Defesa , Ameaça de Aborto , Atenção à Saúde , Demência , Incerteza , Organogênese , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Gestantes , Diagnóstico Precoce , Nascimento Prematuro , Medição da Translucência Nucal , Mortalidade da Criança , Depressão , Transtorno Depressivo , Período Pós-Parto , Diagnóstico , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Obstétrico e Ginecológico , Etanol , Ego , Emoções , Empatia , Meio Ambiente , Humanização da Assistência , Acolhimento , Ética Profissional , Forma do Núcleo Celular , Nutrição da Gestante , Medida do Comprimento Cervical , Conflito Familiar , Terapia Familiar , Resiliência Psicológica , Fenômenos Reprodutivos Fisiológicos , Doenças Urogenitais Femininas e Complicações na Gravidez , Saco Gestacional , Evento Inexplicável Breve Resolvido , Morte Fetal , Desenvolvimento Embrionário e Fetal , Imagem Multimodal , Mortalidade Prematura , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Medicina de Emergência Pediátrica , Criança Acolhida , Liberdade , Esgotamento Psicológico , Entorno do Parto , Frustração , Tristeza , Respeito , Angústia Psicológica , Genética , Bem-Estar Psicológico , Obstetra , Culpa , Felicidade , Ocupações em Saúde , Hospitalização , Maternidades , Hospitais Universitários , Desenvolvimento Humano , Direitos Humanos , Imaginação , Infecções , Infertilidade , Anencefalia , Jurisprudência , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Licenciamento , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Solidão , Amor , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar , Deficiência Intelectual , Princípios Morais , Mães , Narcisismo , Doenças e Anormalidades Congênitas, Hereditárias e Neonatais , Neonatologia , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso , Apego ao Objeto
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248295, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1431129


Este ensaio propõe que a Covid-19 pode operar como um analisador, dentro da perspectiva da análise institucional, iluminando um determinado modo de organização social que promove profundas desigualdades e ameaça a vida em diversos níveis e revelando as condições sociais, institucionais e políticas de produção de sofrimento no corpo profissional de Enfermagem. A pandemia desvelou um conjunto de marcas relacionadas à profissão, agravadas pela crise sanitária, reforçando a naturalização das relações de cuidado atribuídas ao feminino, bem como um conjunto de clivagens e hierarquias internas à profissão a partir da sinergia de marcadores da diferença, como gênero, cor/raça, classe e geração. Além disso, este trabalho mostra a presença de uma necropolítica nas respostas à pandemia que banaliza a vida e permite morrer determinados grupos sociais. A ideia de "profissionais de linha de frente" é criticada em suas metáforas bélicas, mas tomada como figura de linguagem em sua potência para afirmar que existem corpos que, pelas marcas sociais e históricas e pela interdependência do cuidado, são mais presentes e exigidos e, portanto, mais vulneráveis à doença e ao sofrimento dela decorrente.(AU)

The essay proposes that Covid-19 can operate as an analyzer, within the perspective of institutional analysis, illuminating a certain mode of social organization that promotes profound inequalities and threatens life at various levels, revealing the social, institutional and political conditions for the production of suffering in the professional nursing body. The pandemic would unveil a set of marks related to the profession, aggravated by the sanitary crisis, reinforcing the naturalization of the care relations attributed to the feminine, as well as a set of cleavages and internal hierarchies to the profession from the synergy of markers of difference as gender, color/race, class and generation. The work shows the presence of necropolitics in responses to the pandemic, which trivializes life and allows certain social groups to die. The idea of "front-line professionals" is criticized in its war metaphors, but taken as a figure of speech in its potency to affirm that there are bodies that by social and historical marks, and by the interdependence of care, are more present and demanded, and therefore more vulnerable to disease and the resulting suffering.(AU)

El ensayo propone que el Covid-19 puede funcionar como analizador, desde la perspectiva del análisis institucional, revelando las condiciones sociales, institucionales y políticas de producción de sufrimiento de enfermeras. La pandemia revela algunas marcas relacionadas con la profesión, agravadas por la crisis de salud, reforzando la naturalización de la atribución del cuidado a lo femenino y un conjunto de jerarquías internas de la profesión. El trabajo también muestra la presencia de una necropolítica en las respuestas a la pandemia. La idea de "profesionales de primera línea" es criticada, pero tomada como una figura del lenguaje en su potencia para afirmar que hay cuerpos que, por las marcas sociales e históricas y por la interdependencia del cuidado, están más presentes y demandados, y por lo tanto más vulnerables a la enfermedad.(AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Enfermagem , Angústia Psicológica , Identidade de Gênero , Autoteste , COVID-19 , Oxigenoterapia , Dor , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Alta do Paciente , Pacientes , Política , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Psicologia , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Relações Raciais , Salários e Benefícios , Mudança Social , Isolamento Social , Ciências Sociais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Comportamento e Mecanismos Comportamentais , Características da População , Teoria de Enfermagem , Riscos Ocupacionais , Esgotamento Profissional , Viroses , Vacinas , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Acidentes de Trabalho , Portador Sadio , Saúde Mental , Mortalidade , Modelos de Enfermagem , Saúde Ocupacional , Carga de Trabalho , Autonomia Profissional , Assistência de Longa Duração , Qualidade, Acesso e Avaliação da Assistência à Saúde , Programas de Imunização , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Feminismo , Cuidados Críticos , Vulnerabilidade a Desastres , Risco à Saúde Humana , Acesso à Informação , Atenção à Saúde , Poluição do Ar , Economia e Organizações de Saúde , Emergências , Emprego , Meio Ambiente e Saúde Pública , Funções Essenciais da Saúde Pública , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Ética Profissional , Vigilância em Saúde do Trabalhador , Programa de Prevenção de Riscos no Ambiente de Trabalho , Efeitos da Contaminação do Ar , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências , Medo , Remuneração , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Medicalização , Assistência Ambulatorial , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Estresse Ocupacional , Esgotamento Psicológico , Assistência ao Paciente , Fardo do Cuidador , Modelos Biopsicossociais , Teste Sorológico para COVID-19 , Equidade de Gênero , Desenvolvimento de Vacinas , Recursos Comunitários , Enquadramento Interseccional , Racismo Sistêmico , Vulnerabilidade Social , Crise Humanitária , Condições de Trabalho , Síndrome Pós-COVID-19 Aguda , Prevenção de Acidentes , Ocupações em Saúde , Serviços de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Comportamento de Ajuda , Hierarquia Social , Hospitalização , Hospitais , Humanismo , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Máscaras , Tono Muscular , Assistência Noturna , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Enfermagem Prática , Equipe de Enfermagem , Doenças Profissionais
BMC Palliat Care ; 21(1): 171, 2022 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36203170


BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored gender differences in the attitudes toward advanced care planning and the intention to withhold life-sustaining treatments (LSTs) involving severe dementia in Asian countries. We examined gender differences in the attitude toward the Patient Autonomy Act (PAA) in Taiwan and how the gender differences in these attitudes affect the intention to withhold LSTs for severe dementia. We also investigated self-other differences in the intention to withhold LSTs between genders. METHODS: Between March and October 2019, a structured questionnaire was distributed to hospitalized patients' family members through face-to-face contact in an academic medical center. Exploratory factor analysis and independent and paired-sample t-tests were used to describe gender differences. Mediation analyses controlled for age, marital status, and education level were conducted to examine whether the attitude toward the PAA mediates the gender effect on the intention to withhold LSTs for severe dementia. RESULTS: Eighty respondents filled out the questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis of the attitude toward the PAA revealed three key domains: regarding the PAA as (1) promoting a sense of abandonment, (2) supporting patient autonomy, and (3) contributing to the collective good. Relative to the men, the women had lower average scores for promoting a sense of abandonment (7.48 vs. 8.94, p = 0.030), higher scores for supporting patient autonomy (8.74 vs. 7.94, p = 0.006), and higher scores for contributing to the collective good (8.64 vs. 7.47, p = 0.001). Compared with the women, the men were less likely to withhold LSTs for severe dementia (15.84 vs. 18.88, p = 0.01). Mediation analysis revealed that the attitude toward the PAA fully mediated the gender differences in the intention to withhold LSTs for severe dementia. Both men and women were more likely to withhold LSTs for themselves than for their parents. Compared with the women, the men were more likely to withhold resuscitation for themselves than for their parents (p = 0.05). Women were more likely to agree to enteral tube feeding and a tracheotomy for their husbands than for themselves; men made consistent decisions for themselves and their wives in those LST scenarios. CONCLUSION: Gender influences the attitude toward advanced care planning and consequently affects the intention to withhold LSTs, indicating that there may be a difference in how men and women perceive EOL decision-making for severe dementia in Taiwan. Further studies are warranted.

Demência , Assistência Terminal , Demência/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Masculino , Pais , Fatores Sexuais , Cônjuges