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3.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eGS5129, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Economic evaluation of a scientific advisory program with the Public Defenders Office to mitigate the impacts of the judicialization on health in the municipality, as well as the implementation of an active follow-up program to monitor health outcomes arising from court demands. METHODS: A two-step study, the first documental, retrospective, with data collection of lawsuits in the region of Barbalha (CE), Brazil, from 2013 to 2018, and the second stage, prospective and intervention, through mediation between the citizen and the Public Defenders Office, aiming to reduce the occurrence of the judicialization, and the monitoring of the health outcomes of the processes. The study adopted the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards protocol for economic health assessments. The data obtained from the processes were grouped and treated for characterization of the scenario. A comparison of the profile of the lawsuits in the period of 12 months before and after the installation of the program to delimit a complete fiscal cycle was carried out. RESULTS: The advisory service promoted a decrease of 40% (p=0.01) in lawsuits. There was a 31% reduction in court costs (p=0.003), with medicines accounting for 33% of this amount. There was a decrease in inputs outside the Sistema Único de Saúde lists (27%; p=0.003), however there was no statistical difference among several demanding groups, suggesting an equanimous approach. CONCLUSION: Data from the initial survey were comparable to those reported in Brazil regarding the profile of judicial demands. In view of the scenario, the proposal proved feasible as a means to mitigate the costs of the judicialization through mediation. Finally, the initiative can serve as a model for adoption by municipalities that have characteristics similar to those presented in this study.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Função Jurisdicional , Brasil , Cidades , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/economia , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/economia , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190006, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892469

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The lack of availability of the Therasuit Method by the Unified Health System associated with its high cost has led to the prosecution of this treatment. The study aimed to outline the profile of this judicialization, as well as to estimate the direct costs resulting from compliance with the deferred judicial decisions. METHOD: Weanalyzed the cases submitted to the Court of Justice of Rio de Janeiro between January 2013 and January 2017, in which the Therasuit Method was applied. Demographic, clinical, advocacy and legal data were extracted, as was the timing of the court's decision and the required technology budgets. RESULTS: Atotal of 11 processes was analyzed. The authors had a mean age of 6.8 years and a median of 6, the majority being male, and resident in thestate capital. Quadriparesis was the most reported condition. The gratuity of justice was requested by all, and the Public Defender's Officewas used by 9 of the 11 processes. The judicial decisions at first instance were considered. In all of processes there was application of the legal tool called guardianship. The time of the judicial decision was on average of 266.5 days with a median of 35.5. The deferral index was 90%, totaling an annual direct cost of R$501,894.09. DISCUSSION: The judicialization of this treatment can cause an unforeseen displacement of public funds, transgressing the principles of equity and the integrality of Unified Health System. CONCLUSION: It was observed a high rate of deferred processes, resulting in a high cost spent by the Public Power to attend a small portion of patients.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral/terapia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Direitos do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/instrumentação , Adolescente , Brasil , Paralisia Cerebral/economia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/economia , Humanos , Masculino , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/economia
18.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 61(5-6): 476-483, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565564

RESUMO

The economics of heart failure (HF) touches all patients with HF, their families, and the physicians and health systems that care for them. HF is specifically targeted by cost-reduction and care quality initiatives from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The changing quality assessment and payment landscape is, and will continue to be, challenging for hospitals and HF specialists as they provide care for patients with this debilitating disease. Quality-based payment systems with evolving performance metrics are replacing traditional volume-based fee-for-service models. A critical objective of quality-based models is to improve care and reduce cost, but there are few data to support decision-making on how to improve. CMS payment programs and their implications for health systems treating HF were reviewed at a symposium at the Heart Failure Society of America conference in Nashville, Tennessee on September 15, 2018. This article constitutes the proceedings from that symposium.


Assuntos
/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/economia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Medicare/economia , Mecanismo de Reembolso/economia , /legislação & jurisprudência , Congressos como Assunto , Regulamentação Governamental , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Medicare/legislação & jurisprudência , Readmissão do Paciente/economia , Formulação de Políticas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Mecanismo de Reembolso/legislação & jurisprudência , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
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