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1.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 49(4): 398-410, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477670

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study used a system dynamics methodology to identify correlation and nonlinear feedback structures among factors affecting adolescent cyberbullying victims (CV) in Korea and to construct and verify a simulation model. METHODS: Factors affecting CV were identified by reviewing a theoretical background in existing literature and referencing various statistical data. Related variables were identified through content validity verification by an expert group, after which a causal loop diagram (CLD) was constructed based on the variables. A stock-flow diagram (SFD) using Vensim Professional 7.3 was used to establish a CV model. RESULTS: Based on the literature review and expert verification, 22 variables associated with CV were identified and the CLD was prepared. Next, a model was developed by converting the CLD to an SFD. The simulation results showed that the variables such as negative emotions, stress levels, high levels of conflict in schools, parental monitoring, and time spent using new media had the strongest effects on CV. The model's validity was verified using equation check, sensitivity analysis for time-step and simulation with 4 CV adolescent. CONCLUSION: The system dynamics model constructed in this study can be used to develop intervention strategies in schools that are focused on counseling that can prevent cyberbullying and assist in the victims' recovery by formulating a feedback structure and capturing the dynamic changes observed in CV. To prevent cyberbullying, it is necessary to develop more effective strategies such as prevention education, counseling and treatment that considers factors pertaining to the individual, family, school, and media.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying , Modelos Teóricos , Adolescente , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Adolescente , República da Coreia , Estresse Psicológico
2.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(9): 569-577, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526296

RESUMO

This study developed and evaluated an innovative six-session constructivist-based anti-cyberbullying e-course to raise Hong Kong college students' awareness of cyberbullying and increase their intention to help cyberbullied victims. A total of 144 undergraduate students (118 female students, 26 male students; Mage = 21.05, SD = 2.19) from a Hong Kong university were randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 78) or control (n = 66) group. The intervention group participated in two 15-minute anti-cyberbullying online classes per week for 3 weeks. Participants in both groups completed five measures at the outset (T1) and end (T2, 5 weeks after the program): about their awareness of cyberbullying, likelihood, and intention to help victims, and self-efficacy to combat cyberbullying. At T1, there were no significant group differences on the five measures. Controlling for time spent on social networking sites, and previous involvement in cyberbullying, repeated-measures analyses of covariance revealed significant interaction effects for all five measures. Subsequent analyses indicated the intervention group had higher scores on the five measures than the control group. These findings show how the constructivist e-learning program promotes prosocial behavior and can reduce cyberbullying by challenging students' understanding of cyberaggression.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Internet , Estudantes , Adulto , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Intenção , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987398

RESUMO

Research on cyberbullying amongst students has tended to be conducted separately within specific education institutional contexts, schools, further education (FE) and higher education (HE), neglecting a view that takes account of the entire educational lifespan. The present article addresses this gap in the literature, providing a novel take on examining its nature, social environments, legal consequences and potentially helpful interventions. To facilitate this, the article conceptualises cyberbullying in broad terms, recognising that it can take multiple forms of online and digital practice including: spreading rumours, ridiculing and/or demeaning another person, casting aspirations on the grounds of race, disability, gender, religion or sexual orientation; seeking revenge or deliberately embarrassing a person by posting intimate photos or videos about them without their consent; accessing another's social networking profiles with malicious intent and socially excluding a person from a social network or gaming site. This article demonstrates that harm from cyberbullying is a cause for concern for students at each developmental stage and that there are continuities in its appearance that need to be challenged at each point in the educational lifespan. And inaccurately, by university, the idea that 'nothing can be done' still is one of the main concerns for the victims. The article concludes with five key recommendations for future research and practice across the educational lifespan.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Cyberbullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Internet , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adolescente , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Rede Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Acad Med ; 94(5): 626-629, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30920444

RESUMO

Criticism, scathing comments, and harassment are becoming more common elements of social media discourse. Recent coordinated public attacks directed at higher education faculty illustrate these troubling trends. In several cases, these attacks have been politically motivated by participants who disagree with a faculty member's statements regarding sensitive subjects. Whereas most high-profile cases have included faculty teaching at the undergraduate level who use social media to promote scholarly discussion, medical school faculty may also be at risk, especially if their scholarly pursuits pertain to politically charged issues (e.g., race and diversity, firearms, vaccinations, the health of transgender populations). In today's digital environment of cellphone recordings, forwarded e-mails, and open-access manuscripts, any faculty member who discusses or engages in scholarship of politically sensitive issues on- or offline may be at risk. In this Invited Commentary, the authors discuss the multifaceted problem of cyberbullying of medical school faculty and provide recommendations to faculty and administrators about how to mitigate and manage these situations.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Docentes de Medicina/psicologia , Docentes de Medicina/normas , Guias como Assunto , Faculdades de Medicina/normas , Mídias Sociais/normas , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyberbullying is a serious threat to public health and teachers can play a key role in its detection, prevention and intervention. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of the RPC ("Relazioni per crescere"-Relationships to Grow) program, a short intervention, implemented at classroom level by trained teachers, aimed at improving awareness on cyberbullying and increasing proactive coping strategies to deal with cyberbullying behaviors. METHOD: The effectiveness of the RPC project was analyzed through an observational study (pre/post-intervention comparison), involving 898 Italian students of Lower Secondary schools (6th⁻8th grades). RESULTS: Hierarchical logistic regression showed that after the intervention students were more likely to consider the different roles in cyberbullying (cyberbully, cybervictim, reinforce/assistant, defender and bystander/observer). In addition, hierarchical linear regressions highlighted an improvement of social coping and cognitive coping strategies after the intervention. CONCLUSIONS: RPC is a short, teacher-based program that can increase the awareness of cyberbullying among students and improves their effective coping strategies to address cyberbullying. Further research on the efficacy of short teacher-based programs would be worthwhile, given the limited financial and time resources of the schools, emphasizing the active and crucial role of teachers in tackling cyberbullying.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Pessoal de Educação , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Itália , Masculino , Comportamento Social , Estudantes/psicologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30875775

RESUMO

This article analyses the evidence obtained from the application of the dialogic model of prevention and resolution of conflicts to eradicate cyberbullying behaviour in a primary school in Catalonia. The Dialogic Prevention Model is one of the successful educational actions identified by INCLUD-ED (FP6 research project). This case study, based on communicative methodology, includes the results obtained from documentary analysis, communicative observations and in-depth interviews. The evidence collected indicates that the implementation of this type of model can help to overcome cyberbullying; children are more confident to reject violence, students support the victims more and the whole community is involved in Zero Tolerance to violence.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Negociação/métodos , Criança , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Espanha , Estudantes
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30717335

RESUMO

This article presents the impact on cyberbullying of the Asegúrate program. This educational program is based on the theory of normative social behavior, self-regulation skills, and the beliefs held by adolescents and consists in a whole package of strategies and resources to help teachers to include in the ordinary curricula. The evaluation of Asegúrate was carried out with a sample of 4779 students (48.9% girls) in 5th and 6th grade in primary education and compulsory secondary education (M = 12.76; SD = 1.67) through a quasi-experimental methodology, with two measures over time. The instrument used was the European Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire. The results show that the involvement in cyberbullying as cyber-victim, cyber-aggressor, and cyber-bully-victim increase without intervention, whereas it diminishes when intervention is carried out by the teachers who have received specific training and have used the didactic Asegúrate package. Additionally, the impact of the intervention on the different types of behaviors was analyzed, and the results show that Asegúrate is more effective with some forms than with others. Consequently, the Asegúrate program is effective for decreasing the prevalence of cyberbullying, but some modifications need to be made to impact on all the different forms it can take.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Professores Escolares , Adolescente , Criança , Cyberbullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Capacitação de Professores
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30781543

RESUMO

The increase in the prevalence of bullying and cyberbullying in recent years worldwide is undeniable. Although several intervention programs oriented towards the reduction of bullying and cyberbullying have been developed and implemented, significant disparities have been found regarding their efficacy. In most of the cases, the lack of the implementation of interventions involving all of the school community could be on the basis of this limited efficacy. The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the TEI Program, an intervention based on peer tutoring, in the reduction of bullying and cyberbullying, and in the improvement of school climate. The design of the study was quasi-experimental, in which 2057 Spanish students (aged 11 to 16 years) participated from 22 schools, and were randomly assigned to the experimental group (10 schools, 987 students) or the control group (12 schools, 1070 students). The obtained results showed a significant reduction in bullying behavior, peer victimization, fighting, cyberbullying and cybervictimization in the experimental group after the intervention implementation. Similarly, a significant improvement in factors of school climate was found only in this group. The obtained results demonstrated that the TEI program is effective in reducing bully and cyberbully behavior, and at the same time, improving the school climate.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Tutoria , Meio Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Bullying , Criança , Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hispano-Americanos , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas
10.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(13-14): 2577-2588, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30811682

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the current state of face-to-face bullying and cyberbullying among nurses in the workplace and to identify the effects of nursing organisational culture on face-to-face bullying and cyberbullying. BACKGROUND: It is important to accurately examine the current state of workplace bullying to acknowledge the gravity of the situation faced by nurses and devise prevention strategies. Electronic communication by computer or smartphone is widely used as a prompt and efficient means of facilitating nursing work; however, this leads to the possibility of cyberbullying as well as face-to-face bullying among nurses. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 226 staff nurses working in one of five upper tertiary hospitals in Korea with a career of 10 years or shorter were surveyed using a self-reported questionnaire. The collected data were evaluated using various statistical analyses, including hierarchical regression. Our study was applied to the STROBE checklist of items. RESULTS: The mean face-to-face bullying score was 1.32 ± 0.53 and the cyberbullying score was 1.14 ± 0.37 (possible range: 1-5); most were work-related negative experiences. The explanatory power of nursing organisational culture for face-to-face bullying was 6.3%, and relation-oriented culture and hierarchy-oriented culture were major factors affecting face-to-face bullying. The explanatory power of nursing organisational culture for cyberbullying was 4.3%, and relation-oriented culture was a major factor affecting cyberbullying. CONCLUSIONS: Relation-oriented culture had a significant effect on both face-to-face bullying and cyberbullying. Therefore, organisations should strive to foster a relation-oriented nursing organisational culture in order to prevent and resolve workplace bullying among nurses. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Cyberbullying should be addressed as an important type of workplace bullying in nursing, which occurs via various information and communication devices. To prevent workplace bullying among nurses, various strategies that promote relation-oriented nursing organisational cultures should be considered.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Cultura Organizacional , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia , Autorrelato
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30781758

RESUMO

Due to the negative consequences of being bullied and the increase in cyberbullying among adolescents, there is a need for evidence-based programs to prevent and intervene in these types of peer violence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Prev@cib bullying and cyberbullying program, drawing on three theoretical frameworks: the ecological model, empowerment theory, and the model of personal and social responsibility. The Prev@cib program was evaluated using a repeated-measures pre-post-test design with an experimental group and a control group. The sample consisted of 660 adolescents between 12 and 17 years old (M = 13.58, SD = 1.26), randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. Repeated-measures ANOVA of pre-post-test scores were conducted. Results showed a significant decrease in bullying and victimization and cyberbullying and cybervictimization in the experimental group, compared to the control group, indicating that the Prev@cib program is effective in reducing bullying and cyberbullying. Taking into account the harmful effects of these types of violence, the results have important implications in the prevention of these behaviors because they provide scientific evidence of the program's effectiveness.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois , Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
12.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 44: e84-e90, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30503252

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigates the experiences of adolescents with cyber bullying and the awareness of their parents regarding the problem of cyber bullying. DESIGN AND METHODS: The descriptive cross-sectional research was carried out with 1129 secondary and high school adolescents and 776 parents in Turkey. Pearson Chi-Square and Mann Whitney U tests, as well as a Logistic Regression analysis, were used. RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was noted between cyber bullying and experiences of victimization among adolescents and the time spent on the Internet, frequency of access, access to resources, use of social media, sharing of personal information, educational background of the parents and number of children (p < 0.05). Accessing the Internet in Internet cafes, having daily access to the Internet and the sharing of gender on social media increased the likelihood of cyber victimization, whereas male gender, age and having parents with a high level education increased the likelihood of cyber bullying. CONCLUSIONS: Internet use by adolescents and the use of social media were found to be high in the present study, and parents were found to be unaware of the cyber bullying and cyber-victimization experienced by adolescents. Increasing the awareness of adolescents and parents pertaining to the issues of cyber bullying and cyber-victimization, and carrying out initial studies in the field of nursing is recommended.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Cyberbullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Pais-Filho , Adolescente , Criança , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Instituições Acadêmicas , Apoio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Turquia
13.
Trauma Violence Abuse ; 20(3): 398-415, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29333943

RESUMO

The victimization of individuals with chronic conditions or disabilities is prevalent with severe impact at psychological and physiological levels. With the increasing use of technology these experiences were further reshaped. This systematic review aimed at scoping the experiences of cyber-victimization of people living with chronic conditions or disabilities and examine the documented impact on them. Following a four-stage search strategy in several databases including MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane and snowballing of references, a total of 2,922 studies were scanned and 10 studies were eventually included. Quality assessment was done in two phases using tools specific to observational studies and cyber-victimization research. A narrative synthesis of reported results covered a total of 3,070 people. Sample size ranged between 42 and 823 participants, and the age range was 6-71 years with a majority of White ethnic backgrounds. Most studies (n=9) were cross sectional. The prevalence range of cyber-victimization was 2%-41.7% based on variable definitions, duration and methods. Targeted conditions included physical impairments, intellectual disabilities and specific chronic diseases. The most common documented impact was psychological/psychiatric, mainly depression followed by anxiety and distress. Somatic health complaints and self-harm were also reported. We concluded that people with chronic conditions and disabilities were consistently at higher risk of victimization with devastating health complications. Research gaps were identified such as the need to address more conditions and acknowledge differences between heterogeneous health conditions. Other recommendations include allowing flexibility and accountability to patients/victims in research design, education on victimization and health consequences, and improving primary care.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/educação , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/reabilitação , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Humanos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30428513

RESUMO

Background. This article presents results from the evaluation of the Tabby Improved Prevention and Intervention Program (TIPIP) for cyberbullying and cybervictimization. TIPIP is theoretically designed to address cyberbullying and cybervictimization. It is the first program in this field developed combining the Ecological System Theory and the Threat Assessment Approach. Method. The Tabby Improved program was evaluated using an experimental design with 759 Italian students (aged 10⁻17 years) randomly allocated via their classes to either the Experimental or Control Group. Results. Repeated measures ANOVAs showed a significant decrease both in cyberbullying and cybervictimization among students who received the intervention with a follow-up period of six months. The program was more effective for boys than for girls. Conclusions. Because cyberbullying is a cruel problem negatively affecting those involved, validated interventions that prove their efficacy in reducing the problem using experimental designs should be widely tested and promoted, paying particular attention to implementing a program fully to increase and guarantee its effectiveness.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Itália , Masculino , Estudantes
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486401

RESUMO

Literature points out the role of parenting on adolescent cyberbullying involvement. However, it is necessary to clarify how gender affects this relationship. The aim of this study has been to examine the relation between the adolescents' perception about parenting practices, and their involvement in cyberbullying, bearing in mind both girls' and boys' gender and progenitors' gender. The sample comprised 2060 Spanish secondary school students (47.9% girls; Mage = 14.34). Two-way ANOVA and binary logistic regression analyses were carried out. An effect of the interaction between sex and cyberbullying roles in maternal affection and communication, inductive discipline, and psychological control, as well as paternal promotion of autonomy and psychological control, was found. In general, it can be observed that the more negative results were found in cyber-aggressors, especially when this role is assumed by girls. The results of logistic regression analysis suggest that parenting practices explain better cyberbullying involvement in girls compared to boys, finding some important differences between both sexes regarding protective and risk factors. These findings highlight the importance of parenting practices to explain cyberbullying involvement, which supports the necessity of including family among the addresses of intervention programs.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Educação Infantil/psicologia , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
16.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 21(10): 593-602, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30334647

RESUMO

In a society where it is becoming more common for perpetrators to choose electronic forms of communication (cell phones, social media, etc.) to bully others, it is crucial that we understand how our country is working to intervene in this cyberbullying epidemic. Therefore, this systematic research synthesis sought to examine all intervention efforts addressing cyberbullying that have been implemented within the United States. A systematic search using variations of cyberbullying intervention program search terms was narrowed down to a final sample size of 11 articles fitting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results suggested that programs addressing cyberbullying have only been implemented in schools or online, and most have not been evaluated for their effect on actual cyberbullying behaviors, but rather on attitudes and intentions about cyberbullying. Despite the significant concern about cyberbullying and its potential problematic outcomes, there seems to be a glaring lack of effective evidence-based programs that have been implemented in the United States.


Assuntos
Atitude , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Internet , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Bullying , Telefone Celular , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estados Unidos
18.
Child Care Health Dev ; 44(4): 616-622, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29766542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify injunctive norms for cyberbullying prevention among youths, parents, and primary care providers, as well as barriers to preventive behaviours. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews on the topic of cyberbullying were conducted with 29 adolescents, 13 paediatricians, and 15 parents recruited from 3 primary care sites. Transcripts were coded for themes related to various stakeholders' perceived roles in cyberbullying prevention and barriers to preventive behaviours. RESULTS: Participants reported perceptions that youths should intervene in the moment and get outside help for others. Fear of repercussions emerged as a significant barrier to these behaviours. Participants believed that parents should communicate with their children and monitor and supervise youths' online activities. Barriers included perception of priority and low parental efficacy or naiveté. Participants believed that providers should provide education and resources and ask screening questions; the most frequently identified barrier to those behaviours was the perception of providers' role. CONCLUSIONS: Youths and providers may not be aware of their potential to prevent cyberbullying before it occurs. Educating youths, parents, and providers about cyberbullying prevention is warranted.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Pais/psicologia , Pediatras/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Criança , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Cyberbullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pais/educação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estados Unidos
19.
Nurs Outlook ; 66(4): 372-378, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29699772

RESUMO

Bullying has been long seen as a natural part of childhood and adolescence. However, a growing body of evidence suggests bullying and now cyberbullying may inflict harm or distress on targeted youth including physical, psychological, social, or educational harm. The purpose of this paper is to endorse the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine statement, summarize the report, and apply the recommendations to screening lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth related to bullying and cyberbullying; line 11 change exemplified to discussed. Screening for bullying against youth; lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth as a high-risk group for bullying victimization; and implications to address bullying against youth are exemplified. Nurses need to promote policies that foster inclusive, supportive, safe, and healthy schools and environments for youth.


Assuntos
Bullying/prevenção & controle , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia , Adolescente , Bullying/psicologia , Criança , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/tendências , Medição de Risco/métodos , Apoio Social , Pessoas Transgênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
20.
S D Med ; 71(10): 448-451, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30731519

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Peer victimization is a common experience in early adolescence often associated with psychosocial issues, following some youth into adulthood. Preliminary findings from a longitudinal study on peer victimization and protective factors were measured in rural elementary youth. Bullying is often seen as a schoolonly issue but research findings suggest the importance of systems outside the school setting as important protective factors for intervention. METHODS: Preliminary data were collected through online questionnaires focused on direct, relational, and electronic victimization. Protective factors, including parent and community support, were also measured. Participants include 307 children (52.8 percent female; 80.4 percent White; mean age = 10) attending the fourth and fifth grade at four rural, South Dakota public school districts. RESULTS: Overall, 91.2 percent of the sample reported at least one peer victimization experience during the first wave of data collection. Traditional victimization results include 57.7 percent citing direct and 89.5 percent relational. Electronic victimization was 25.3 percent. Participants reported high levels of community (94.8 percent) and parent (68.3 percent) support. Community support was significantly, negatively correlated with all types of victimization but parent support was only significant in relation to direct victimization. CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide an important baseline of the prevalence of direct, relational, and electronic victimization among rural young adolescents and the importance of community and parent support. Results demonstrate the need for a community wide approach including, health care providers, to take an active role to prevent and assist affected youth.


Assuntos
Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Criança , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Cyberbullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Prevalência , Apoio Social , South Dakota/epidemiologia
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