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1.
J Surg Res ; 257: 545-553, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulse contour cardiac output (PCCO) analysis is a minimally invasive technique for continuous cardiac output (CO) measurement monitoring. PCCO requires calibration by transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD). Studies showed good agreement between PCCO, TPTD CO and CO measured by pulmonary artery thermodilution (PATD) during stable hemodynamics. However, data are limited in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). The objective is to compare the agreement between PCCO, TPTD CO, and PATD CO in a piglet model of multi-step IAH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten female domestic piglets were enrolled in this study. IAH was induced by stepwise carbon dioxide inflation into peritoneal cavity in anesthetized piglets. Following baseline registrations, intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was increased and maintained at each IAP plateau of 10, 20, 30, and 40 mmHg for 15 min before CO measurements. CO was measured by PATD and simultaneously by 2 femoral artery PCCO catheters. One PCCO catheter was recalibrated by TPTD at each IAP plateau while the other was only calibrated at baseline. RESULTS: In pooled data of different IAP stages, TPTD CO and recalibrated PCCO (R-PCCO) showed excellent correlation (r2 = 0.94 and 0.93) and small bias (-0.09 and -0.09 L/min), respectively, compared with PATD CO. However, PCCO without recalibration (NR-PCCO) were not accurate during IAH (r2 = 0.58, bias: +0.32 L/min). When IAP increased to 30 mmHg, NR-PCCO failed to agree with PATD CO (r2 = 0.47, bias: +0.52 L/min). On the contrary, a clinically accepted agreement between TPTD CO, R-PCCO, and PATD CO was observed at different IAP stages. CONCLUSIONS: TPTD CO and R-PCCO agreed with PATD CO in this piglet model of multi-step IAH. On the contrary, NR-PCCO failed to agree with PATD CO when IAP increased to 30 mmHg or more. PCCO analysis needs recalibration in this condition.


Assuntos
Débito Cardíaco , Hipertensão Intra-Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Suínos , Termodiluição
2.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307662

RESUMO

The article shows the influence of repeated repetition of contrasting temperature effects on hemodynamic, psychophysiological parameters and the adaptive potential of men of working age. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes of hemodynamic and psychophysiological parameters, as well as the adaptive potential in healthy men of working age under the influence of repeated contrasting temperature exposures, the difference of which is about 70 °C. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood pressure, heart rate and Luscher test were measured 20 minutes before and 20 minutes after repeated exposure of contrasting temperature changes (alternation of temperature cycles). The following parameters were calculated: dynamics of pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure, Stroke volume (SV), Cardiac output (CO), the Kerdo vegetative index (KVI). Assessment of adaptive potential (AP) was carried out according to the Baevsky's Stress Index and Robinson index. Also, integral parameters of psychophysiological status were evaluated by the Luscher test. RESULTS: In the course of the study, it was proved that 20 minutes before repeated contrast temperature exposure, the level of SBP and heart rate was increased (p<0.01), and 20 minutes after the completion of procedures the decrease of SBP level was observed (p<0.05). The CO level before the start of temperature exposure was decreased (p<0.01), and 20 minutes after the finish of the contrasting effects this dynamics was preserved (p<0.01). The AP level before the start of contrasting exposure was 2.79±0.10, and after contrasting exposure it was decreased (p<0.05). The Robinson index (RI) was higher than the established normal values before temperature effects (112.53±6.82), then its decrease was noted (p<0.01). According to Luscher's test, the integral parameters «Heteronomy-autonomy¼, «Balance of personal properties¼, «Vegetative coefficient¼ significantly changed psychophysiological characteristics. The parameter «Total deviation¼ indicated an average level of unproductive neuropsychic tension (before - 14.71±2.19, after - 14.36±2.26) both before and after repeated temperature exposures. The VIC parameter of the study participants testified to the predominance of parasympathicotonia (before - -2.07±5; after - -7.23±5.62). At the same time, correlations were established only before repeated contrast exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Repeatedly repeated contrasting temperature effects cause ambiguous reactions of the body. Changes in hemodynamic, psychophysiological parameters and adaptive potential are observed some time before the alternation of cycles of contrasting exposures. Most likely, this reaction of the body is a reaction to the upcoming temperature stress. If the model of stress exposure, when the temperature variation is about 70 °C, occurs regularly and systematically (once a week throughout the entire winter season), in this case, the main recommendation is to control the blood pressure level before the start of contrast exposure as a precautionary measure to prevent the development of adverse cardiovascular reactions.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica , Água , Pressão Sanguínea , Débito Cardíaco , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23764, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371141

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Passive leg raising (PLR) is a convenient and reliable test to predict fluid responsiveness. The ability of thoracic electrical bioimpedance cardiography (TEB) to monitor changes of cardiac output (CO) during PLR is unknown.In the present study, we measured CO in 61 patients with shock or dyspnea by TEB and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) during PLR procedure. Positive PLR responsiveness was defined as the velocity-time integral (VTI) ≥10% after PLR. TTE measured VTI in the left ventricular output tract. The predictive value of TEB parameters in PLR responders was tested. Furthermore, the agreement of absolute CO values between TEB and TTE measurements was assessed.Among the 61 patients, there were 28 PLR-responders and 33 non-responders. Twenty-seven patients were diagnosed with shock and 34 patients with dyspnea, with 55.6% (15/27) and 54.6% (18/34) non-responders, respectively. A change in TEB measured CO (ΔCO) ≥9.8% predicted PLR responders with 75.0% sensitivity and 78.8% specificity, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was 0.79. The Δd2Z/dt2 (a secondary derivative of the impedance wave) showed the best predictive value with AUROC of 0.90, the optimal cut point was -7.1% with 85.7% sensitivity and 87.9% specificity. Bias between TEB and TTE measured CO was 0.12 L/min, and the percentage error was 65.8%.TEB parameters had promising performance in predicting PLR responders, and the Δd2Z/dt2 had the best predictive value. The CO values measured by TEB were not interchangeable with TTE in critically ill settings.


Assuntos
Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Cardiografia de Impedância/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Cardiografia de Impedância/métodos , China , Estado Terminal , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(47): e22702, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217793

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the predictive value of velocity time integral (VTI) of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) on volume expansion test (VET) as an indicator of volume responsiveness in septic shock patients. Septic shock patients undergoing mechanical ventilation were recruited. The hemodynamic parameters before and after VE were monitored by pulse indicated continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) and echocardiography. Heart rate, cardiac index (CI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure, stroke volume variation (SVV), CI and variation of pulse pressure (PPV), and the changes in cardiac parameters (Dheart rate, Dmean arterial pressure, Dcentral venous pressure, DSVV, DCI, and DPPV) were determined. The relationships of hemodynamic parameters and their changes with DVTI were further evaluated with Pearson relation analysis. The value of these parameters in fluid responsiveness prediction was evaluated by using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results showed that 44 VETs were performed in 44 septic shock patients with responsiveness in 24 patients and non-responsiveness in 20. The CI increased by ≥ 15% in responsive patients, but by<15% in non-responsive patients after VET. There were significant differences in the SVV and PPV after VET between responsive and non-responsive groups. DSVV, DPPV, and DCI were positively related to DVTI. The area under ROC curve (AUC) for SVV in fluid responsiveness prediction was 0.80, and the sensitivity and specificity of SVV were 66.5% and 95%, respectively, when the cut-off value was 24.8%. The AUC for PPV in fluid responsiveness prediction was 0.843, and the sensitivity and specificity of PPV were 83.3% and 75%, respectively, when the cut-off value was 25.8%. The AUC for DVTILVOT in fluid responsiveness prediction was 0.956, and the sensitivity and specificity were 87.5% and 95%, respectively, when the cut-off value was 15.9%. In conclusion, DVTILVOT is effective to predict fluid responsiveness after VET in mechanical ventilation patients with septic shock. It may serve as a new, noninvasive and functional hemodynamic parameter with the same accuracy to SVV.


Assuntos
Hidratação/métodos , Hemodinâmica , Choque Séptico/fisiopatologia , Choque Séptico/terapia , APACHE , Pressão Arterial , Pressão Sanguínea , Débito Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Volume Sistólico
5.
Am J Cardiol ; 133: 162-165, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172590

RESUMO

Adolf Fick was a German physiologist, born in Kassel in 1829, who studied medicine at the University of Marburg and graduated in 1851. He worked first in Zurich and then in Wurzburg. Most of his studies were based on physics and mathematics, and deep analysis, and only later were proven by experiments. Fick's name in physics is associated to the laws of diffusion of solutions, and in medicine to the principle of cardiac output calculation. In 1855, he proposed Fick's laws on gas diffusion. In 1870, he devised Fick's principle, which allows the measurement of cardiac output and calculations of intracardiac shunts from the arteriovenous oxygen difference. The method was later generalized to the Fick principle, according to which the flow of an indicator taken up or released by an organ corresponds to the difference between the indicator flows in the inflow and outflow tracts. Fick invented several devices most of them aimed to improve precision in his physiologic experiments. In 1868, he invented the plethysmograph, for recording the speed of blood in the human artery. In 1888, the tonometer for measuring from outside the hydrostatic pressure inside the eyeball. After 3 decades as Professor in Wurzburg, he retired. Fick died at Blankenberge, Belgium in 1901 age 71 years old.


Assuntos
Débito Cardíaco , Cardiologia/história , Doenças Cardiovasculares/história , Fisiologia/história , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Matemática/história
6.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(10): 1226-1230, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) in severity grading and prognosis prediction of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: Patients with ARDS aged 18-75 years admitted to the department of respiratory intensive care unit (RICU) of Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2019 to February 2020 were enrolled. All patients were treated with conventional therapies such as mechanical ventilation, anti-infection, stabilization of water, electrolytes and acid-base environment, blood purification and nutritional support according to their conditions. Besides, the pulse-indicated continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) was performed after admission to the department, and EVLWI before treatment and at 24, 48 and 72 hours of treatment were recorded. Serum GDF-15 level was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) during the same period. Patients were classified as mild, moderate, and severe degree according to the 2012 Berlin Definition of ARDS, and EVLWI and GDF-15 levels in patients with different disease levels before and after treatment were compared. In addition, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, ICU mortality, and 28-day mortality of patients with different GDF-15 or EVLWI levels were analyzed comparatively, with the GDF-15 3 458 ng/L and EVLWI 15 mL/kg as the cut point. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients with ARDS were enrolled, including 22 patients with mild ARDS, 28 patients with moderate ARDS, and 32 patients with severe ARDS. The GDF-15 and EVLWI levels in patients with moderate and severe ARDS at each time point before and after treatment were higher than those in patients with mild ARDS. Both GDF-15 and EVLWI levels in patients with severe ARDS were higher than those in the patients with moderate ARDS. The differences were statistically significant at all the time points except for the difference of GDF-15 levels at 24 hours after treatment (ng/L: 3 900.41±546.43 vs. 3 695.66±604.73, P > 0.05). [GDF-15 (ng/L): 3 786.11±441.45 vs. 3 106.83±605.09 before treatment, 3 895.48±558.96 vs. 3 333.29±559.66 at 48 hours, 3 397.33±539.56 vs. 3 047.53±499.57 at 72 hours; EVLWI (mL/kg): 19.06±1.91 vs. 14.31±1.50 before treatment, 18.56±2.23 vs. 13.26±1.69 at 24 hours, 17.23±1.76 vs. 12.45±1.36 at 48 hours, 15.47±1.81 vs. 11.13±2.19 at 72 hours, all P < 0.05]. According to the cut-off value, there were 23 patients with GDF-15 ≥ 3 458 ng/L and GDF-15 < 3 458 ng/L respectively and there were 23 patients with EVLWI ≥ 15 mL/kg and EVLWI < 15 mL/kg respectively. The length of ICU stay and 28-day mortality in patients with high GDF-15 were significantly higher than those in patients with low GDF-15 [length of ICU stay (days): 21.22±2.69 vs. 15.37±3.14, 28-day mortality: 56.5% vs. 21.7%, both P < 0.05]. The length of ICU stay and 28-day mortality in patients with high EVLWI were also significantly higher than those in patients with low EVLWI [length of ICU stay (days): 18.45±2.61 vs. 14.98±2.75, 28-day mortality: 47.8% vs. 17.4%, both P < 0.05]. CONCLUSIONS: To some extent, GDF-15 and EVLWI levels reflect the severity of patients with ARDS, and high GDF-15 and EVLWI levels are significantly associated with poor prognosis in patients with ARDS.


Assuntos
Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/análise , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Débito Cardíaco , Água Extravascular Pulmonar , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(10): 939-946, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105946

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of fluid resuscitation guided by pulse contour cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring technology on the organ function in extremely severe burn patients. Methods: From May 2015 to March 2019, 52 patients with extremely severe burn hospitalized in Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, meeting the inclusion criteria, were recruited to conduct a prospectively randomized control study. The patients were divided into PiCCO monitoring rehydration group (25 cases, 17 males and 8 females) and traditional rehydration group (27 cases, 20 males and 7 females) according to the random number table, with the ages of (47±9) and (49±8) years respectively. After admission, all the patients were rehydrated according to the rehydration formula of the Third Military Medical University during shock stage. In traditional rehydration group, fluid resuscitation of the patients was performed by monitoring the traditional shock indicators such as urine volume and central venous pressure, while PiCCO monitoring was performed in patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group, and the global end-diastolic volume index combined with the other relevant indicators of PiCCO monitoring were used to guide rehydration on the basis of the monitoring indicators of traditional rehydration group. The rehydration coefficients and urine volumes per kilogram of body weight per hour during the first and second 24 h post injury were compared between the two groups, which were compared with the corresponding rehydration scheme value of the Third Military Medical University (hereinafter referred to as the scheme value) at the same time. The total rehydration volumes within post injury hour (PIH) 8 and during the first and second 24 h post injury, the urine volumes per hour during the first and second 24 h post injury, and the levels of creatinine, urea nitrogen, lactate clearance rate, procalcitonin, creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) in blood and mean arterial pressure (MAP) on post injury day (PID) 1, 2, and 3 were measured. The incidence of complications, the application case number of mechanical ventilation, and the mechanical ventilation time within PID 28 were analyzed. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, t test, Bonferroni correction, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact probability method test. Results: During the second 24 h post injury, the rehydration coefficient of patients in traditional rehydration group was significantly higher than the scheme value (t=5.120, P<0.01). During the first and second 24 h post injury, the rehydration coefficients of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group were significantly higher than the scheme values (t=3.655, 10.894, P<0.01) and those in traditional rehydration group (t=3.172, 2.363, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Within PIH 8, the total rehydration volumes of patients between the two groups were similar. During the first and second 24 h post injury, the total rehydration volumes of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group were significantly higher than those in traditional rehydration group (t=4.428, 3.665, P<0.01). During the first and second 24 h post injury, the urine volumes per kilogram of body weight per hour of patients in traditional rehydration group were significantly higher than the schema values (t=4.293, 6.362, P<0.01), and the urine volumes per kilogram body weight per hour of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group were significantly higher than the schema values (t=6.461, 8.234, P<0.01). The urine volumes per kilogram of body weight per hour and urine volumes per hour of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group during the second 24 h post injury were significantly higher than those in traditional rehydration group (t=2.849, 3.644, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The creatinine levels of patients between the two groups on PID 1, 2, and 3 were similar. The urea nitrogen levels of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group on PID 1, 2, and 3 were (6.8±1.5), (5.6±1.4), (4.4±1.4) mmol/L respectively, which were significantly lower than (8.6±1.8), (6.6±1.5), (5.5±1.4) mmol/L in traditional rehydration group (t=3.817, 2.511, 2.903, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The lactate clearance rates of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group on PID 1, 2, and 3 were significantly higher than those in traditional rehydration group (t=2.516, 4.540, 3.130, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The procalcitonin levels of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group on PID 2 and 3 were significantly lower than those in traditional rehydration group (Z=-2.491, -2.903, P<0.05). The CK-MB level of patients in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group on PID 3 was (35±10) U/L, which was significantly lower than (51±16) U/L in traditional rehydration group (t=4.556, P<0.01). The MAP levels of patients between the two groups on PID 1, 2, and 3 were similar. Within PID 28, the incidence of complications of patients in traditional rehydration group was significantly higher than that in PiCCO monitoring rehydration group (χ(2)=4.995, P<0.05), and the application case number of mechanical ventilation and the mechanical ventilation time of patients between the two groups were similar. Conclusions: The use of PiCCO monitoring technology to guide the early fluid resuscitation of extremely severe burn patients is beneficial for accurate determination of the fluid volume required by the patients and reduction of organ injury caused by improper rehydration.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Choque , Adulto , Queimaduras/terapia , Débito Cardíaco , Feminino , Hidratação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ressuscitação , Choque/terapia , Tecnologia
8.
Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis ; 37(2): 184-191, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093782

RESUMO

Sarcoidosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension (SAPH) is a common finding in patients with chronic sarcoidosis and is associated with increased mortality. The optimal treatment for SAPH is not known; however, therapies approved for Group 1 pulmonary hypertension have improved hemodynamics and functional status. Prostanoids, including epoprostenol, have been therapeutic in short-term studies of SAPH, but long-term efficacy is unknown. In this study, we evaluated the long-term effect of epoprostenol therapy in 12 patients with SAPH. Hemodynamic assessment after an average of 4.1 years of epoprostenol therapy demonstrated significant improvement in mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, and cardiac output; furthermore, patients demonstrated improved NYHA functional class. To evaluate further the long-term effect of epoprostenol, we compared survival of SAPH patients to a cohort of hemodynamically matched patients from the same center treated with epoprostenol for Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (IPAH). Interestingly, there was no difference in survival, despite the additional systemic disease burden of the SAPH subjects. Subgroup analysis by Scadding stage demonstrated that Scadding stages 1-3 had improved survival compared to Scadding stage 4. These observations suggest that epoprostenol is an effective long-term therapy for patients with SAPH; it improves hemodynamics, functional class, and provides survival similar to that seen in a hemodynamically-matched cohort of IPAH patients. Furthermore, we identify a subgroup of SAPH patients (nonfibrotic lung disease Scadding 1-3) who may derive significant benefit from prostanoid therapy. (Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2020; 37 (2): 184-191).


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Arterial/efeitos dos fármacos , Epoprostenol/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Artéria Pulmonar/efeitos dos fármacos , Sarcoidose/complicações , Adulto , Anti-Hipertensivos/efeitos adversos , Débito Cardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Crônica , Epoprostenol/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Sarcoidose/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Resistência Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17157, 2020 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051496

RESUMO

The use of inhalational anaesthesia is ubiquitous in terrestrial vertebrates. Given the dependence of these agents on delivery by the cardiorespiratory system, we developed a new computational model predicting equilibration of inhaled anaesthetics in mammalian and ectotherm conditions including the ability of reptiles to maintain vascular shunts. A multi-compartment model was constructed from simultaneously-solved equations, verified by comparison to the literature for endo and ectotherm physiology. The time to 90% equilibration of anaesthetic in arterial blood (t90) is predicted and used to compare anaesthetics and physiologies. The five to tenfold lower cardiac output and minute ventilation of ectothermic vertebrates is predicted to slow equilibration times by five to ten times leading to 90% equilibration in ectotherm arterial blood of over 200 min, compounded by reduction in body temperature, and the extent of right-to-left vascular shunts. The impact of these findings is also influenced by the solubility coefficient of the anaesthetic, such that at net right-to-left shunt fractions of over 0.8, sevoflurane loses the advantage of faster equilibration, in comparison with isoflurane. We explore clinical strategies to regulate anaesthetic uptake in ectotherms by managing convectional flow especially by supportive ventilation and reduction of the right-to-left shunt.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Inalatórios/farmacologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Anestesia por Inalação/métodos , Animais , Temperatura Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Débito Cardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoflurano/farmacologia , Mamíferos/fisiologia , Respiração/efeitos dos fármacos , Sevoflurano/farmacologia , Ventilação/métodos
10.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 863-866, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018121

RESUMO

Photoplethysmography can be used to estimate many physiological parameters based on features extracted from the measured waveform. Following the single parameter estimations that have been reviewed in part 1 of this paper, we here review methods where the waveform is used in conjunction with other measured physiological signals. Being a low-cost, non-invasive, and user friendly technique, many PPG-based physiological data extraction methods are being researched. The parameters reviewed that can be estimated using the PPG waveform plus additional inputs include cardiac output, blood pressure, venous function assessment, blood oxygen saturation, and fetal heart rate and fetal oxygen saturation. The different processing techniques, algorithms and methods are reviewed in addition to providing a comparison of results with the reference standards to validate the different methods. Future research considerations for each parameter estimation are also discussed. This paper could be helpful for future research on PPG based wearable devices for physiological multi-parameter estimations.


Assuntos
Oximetria , Fotopletismografia , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Débito Cardíaco , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
11.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol ; 33(6): 781-787, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027076

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The last decades, anesthesia has become safer, partly due to developments in monitoring. Advanced monitoring of children under anesthesia is challenging, due to lack of evidence, validity and size constraints. Most measured parameters are proxies for end organ function, in which an anesthesiologist is actually interested. Ideally, monitoring should be continuous, noninvasive and accurate. This present review summarizes the current literature on noninvasive monitoring in noncardiac pediatric anesthesia. RECENT FINDINGS: For cardiac output (CO) monitoring, bolus thermodilution is still considered the gold standard. New noninvasive techniques based on bioimpedance and pulse contour analysis are promising, but require more refining in accuracy of CO values in children. Near-infrared spectroscopy is most commonly used in cardiac surgery despite there being no consensus on safety margins. Its place in noncardiac anesthesia has yet to be determined. Transcutaneous measurements of blood gases are used mainly in the neonatal intensive care unit, and is finding its way to the pediatric operation theatre. Especially CO2 measurements are accurate and useful. SUMMARY: New techniques are available to assess a child's hemodynamic and respiratory status while under anesthesia. These new monitors can be used as complementary tools together with standard monitoring in children, to further improve perioperative safety.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia , Débito Cardíaco , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Pediatria , Criança , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Termodiluição/métodos
12.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 413, 2020 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation and heart failure are common coexisting conditions requiring hospitalisation for heart failure and death. Pulmonary vein isolation is a well-established option for symptomatic atrial fibrillation and for atrial fibrillation concomitant with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Recently, pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon showed non-inferiority to radiofrequency ablation with respect to the treatment of patients with drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. However, the effectiveness of acute-phase rhythm control by semi-urgent pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon in patients with haemodynamically unstable atrial fibrillation storm accompanied with low cardiac output syndrome is unclear. Herein, we present a case in which semi-urgent pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon was effective for acute-phase rhythm control against drug-resistant and haemodynamically unstable repetitive atrial fibrillation tachycardia accompanied with low cardiac output syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man was hospitalised for New York Heart Association functional class 4 heart failure with atrial fibrillation tachycardia and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction of 20% accompanied with low cardiac output syndrome-induced liver damage. The haemodynamics collapsed during atrial fibrillation tachycardia, which had become resistant to intravenous amiodarone and repeated electrical cardioversions. In addition to atrial fibrillation, atrial tachycardia and common-type atrial flutter appeared on day 3. Multiple organ failure progressed gradually due to haemodynamically unstable atrial fibrillation tachycardia storm accompanied with low cardiac output syndrome. On day 4, to focus on treatment of heart failure and multiple organ failure, semi-urgent rescue pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon to atrial fibrillation and cavotricuspid isthmus ablation to common-type atrial flutter were performed for acute-phase rhythm control. Soon after the ablation procedure, atrial fibrillation and common-type atrial flutter were lessened, and sinus rhythm was restored. A stable haemodynamics was successfully achieved with the improvement of hepatorenal function. The patient was discharged on day 77 without complications. CONCLUSIONS: This case demonstrates that acute-phase rhythm control by semi-urgent pulmonary vein isolation using cryoballoon could be a treatment option in patients with haemodynamically unstable atrial fibrillation tachycardia storm accompanied with low cardiac output syndrome, which is refractory to cardioversion and drug therapy.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Débito Cardíaco , Criocirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Potenciais de Ação , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/complicações , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(5): H1078-H1086, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946269

RESUMO

Mixed venous oxygen (O2) saturation ([Formula: see text]) is an important measure for evaluating the sufficiency of cardiac output (CO) relative to whole body O2 consumption (V̇o2), while clinical use is limited to the required invasive catheterization. According to Fick's equation, V̇o2 (mL/min) = CO (L/min) × Hb (g/dL) × 1.36 (mL/g) × ([Formula: see text] - [Formula: see text])/10 (Hb = hemoglobin concentration, [Formula: see text] = arterial blood O2 saturation). Because V̇o2, CO, Hb, and [Formula: see text] can be measured noninvasively with expired gas analysis, echocardiography, a simple blood test, and percutaneous O2 saturation, respectively, [Formula: see text] can be calculated noninvasively. We hypothesized that noninvasively calculated [Formula: see text] shows a significant correlation and agrees well with invasively measured [Formula: see text]. In 47 patients (29 men; mean age, 70 ± 12 yr) who underwent right heart catheterization, [Formula: see text] was directly measured by sampling pulmonary artery blood. Noninvasively calculated [Formula: see text] was also obtained by the method described above. The calculated [Formula: see text] was significantly correlated with the measured [Formula: see text] (r = 0.79, P < 0.001) and was significantly smaller than the measured [Formula: see text] (70 ± 5.1 vs. 72.1 ± 4.9%, P < 0.001). Bias at [Formula: see text] was -2.2% (95% confidence interval, -3.2 to -1.1%) with limits of agreement from -9.5 to 5.2%, demonstrating acceptable agreement. The optimal cutoff value of calculated [Formula: see text] was 69% for reduced measured [Formula: see text] < 70% with an area under the curve of 0.94. Reduced calculated [Formula: see text] < 69% indicated a sensitivity of 92.9% and a specificity of 90.9% for reduced measured [Formula: see text] < 70%. Noninvasive [Formula: see text] calculated from echocardiography, expired gas analysis, percutaneous arterial blood O2 saturation, and hemoglobin level significantly correlated and agreed well with direct [Formula: see text] measured by catheterization. This novel method allows for practical evaluation of [Formula: see text] to assess the sufficiency of CO according to whole body metabolism.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Clinical use of mixed venous oxygen saturation ([Formula: see text]) is limited to the required invasive procedure. With Fick's equation, expired gas analysis, echocardiography, simple blood tests, and percutaneous oxygen saturation, [Formula: see text] can be calculated noninvasively. We hypothesized that noninvasively calculated [Formula: see text] shows a significant correlation and agrees well with invasively measured [Formula: see text]. The present study examined the relationship between measured [Formula: see text] and calculated [Formula: see text] in patients who underwent right heart catheterization and demonstrated acceptable agreement. This novel method can expand the indication of evaluating [Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Expiração , Oximetria/métodos , Consumo de Oxigênio , Oxigênio/sangue , Veias/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Testes Respiratórios/métodos , Débito Cardíaco , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 945-959, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981628

RESUMO

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a mechanical way to provide oxygenation, ventilation, and perfusion to patients with severe cardiopulmonary failure. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) describes the use of ECMO during cardiac arrest. ECPR requires an organized approach to resuscitation, cannula insertion, and pump initiation. Selecting the right patients for ECPR is an important aspect of successful programs. A solid understanding of the components of the ECMO circuit is critical to troubleshooting problems. Current evidence suggests a substantial benefit of ECPR compared with traditional CPR for refractory cardiac arrest but is limited by lack of randomized trials to date.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Débito Cardíaco , Contraindicações de Procedimentos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia
15.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 1075-1078, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921664

RESUMO

Pulmonary valve stenosis (PVS) accounts for approximately 10% of all congenital heart defects. Echocardiography and right heart catheterization are the gold standards for diagnosis of PVS and for assessing disease severity and responsiveness to treatment.Recently, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) has been established as an important tool to comprehensively evaluate cardiac structure and function; however, research into the usefulness of cMRI for PVS management is limited. Here, we describe a case of a 59-year-old female with isolated, severe PVS who was successfully treated with balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (BPV) followed by sequential cMRI at 1 and 12 months. Exertional dyspnea and elevated plasma BNP concentration were observed 1 month after BPV; however, echocardiographic findings did not indicate recurrent stenosis or increased pulmonary valve regurgitation but an increase in mitral E/e'. cMRI demonstrated improved systolic forward flow and RV function with enlargement of LV volume, and the rapid increase in LV preload might be associated with the transient deterioration in symptoms and BNP level, which both gradually improved within 3 months after BPV. cMRI further depicted that a reduced RV mass index and increased RV cardiac output were achieved gradually during the follow-up period.In conclusion, cMRI in combination with echocardiography was sufficiently informative to follow-up this PVS patient both before and after BPV. cMRI is easily reproducible in adult patients; therefore, cMRI should be recommended for long-term follow-up in adult PVS patients.


Assuntos
Valvuloplastia com Balão/métodos , Ecocardiografia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca , Débito Cardíaco , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Período Pós-Operatório , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/congênito , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Função Ventricular Direita
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21914, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846858

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the accuracy and interchangeability of stroke volume and cardiac output measured by electrical velocimetry and transthoracic echocardiography during cesarean delivery.We enrolled 20 parturients in this prospective observational study. We recorded the stroke volume and cardiac output using both methods and compared the values at seven specific time points. We analyzed the data using linear regression analysis for Pearson's correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman analysis to determine percentage errors. We conducted a trending ability analysis based on the four-quadrant plot with the concordance rate and correlation coefficient.We recorded 124 paired datasets during cesarean delivery. The correlation coefficients of the measured cardiac output and stroke volume between the two methods were 0.397 (P < .001) and 0.357 (P < .001). The 95% limits of agreement were -1.0 to 8.1 L min for cardiac output and -10.4 to 90.4 ml for stroke volume. Moreover, the corresponding percentage errors were 62% and 60%. The concordance correlation coefficients were 0.447 (95% CI: 0.313-0.564) for stroke volume and 0.562 (95% CI: 0.442-0.662) for cardiac output. Both methods showed a moderate trending ability for stroke volume (concordance rate: 82% (95% CI: 72-90%)) and cardiac output (concordance rate: 85% (95% CI: 78-93%)).Our findings indicated that electrical velocimetry monitoring has limited accuracy, precision, and interchangeability with transthoracic echocardiography; however, it had a moderate trending ability for stroke volume and cardiac output measurements during cesarean delivery.


Assuntos
Débito Cardíaco , Cesárea/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Reologia/métodos , Adulto , Algoritmos , China/epidemiologia , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Ecocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Monitorização Intraoperatória/instrumentação , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Reologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Volume Sistólico
17.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 700-705, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838501

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure on hemodynamics in cirrhotic patients. Methods: A total of 23 cirrhotic patients for TIPS insertion were enrolled from January 2018 to October 2018. Serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), transthoracic echocardiography and non-invasive cardiac output measurement based on impedance cardiogram were carried out before and 24h, 1 month, 6 months after TIPS in order to observe cardiac function and hemodynamic changes after TIPS. Results: Significant increases in right atrial area [(17.2±4.0) cm(2) vs. (15.0±3.4) cm(2), P<0.05], right ventricular area [(15.1±3.8) cm(2) vs. (13.7±3.5) cm(2), P<0.05] and left ventricular volume [(97.4±21.5) ml vs. (91.1±22.7) ml, P<0.05] were observed 24 h after TIPS. These changes were accompanied with significant reduction in collapsible index of inferior vena cava [(20.7± 8.1)% vs. (28.6±11.3)%, P<0.01] and elevation in pulmonary arterial systolic pressure [(36.0±8.4) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. (31.8±5.4) mmHg, P<0.01]. There also existed significantly elevated serum NT-proBNP [(551.2±325.1) ng/L vs. (124.2±94.4) ng/L, P<0.01], cardiac output [(5.82±0.96) L/min vs. (5.12±1.28) L/min, P<0.01], cardiac index [(3.47±0.64) L·min(-1)·m(-2) vs. (3.05±0.78) L·min(-1)·m(-2), P<0.01], early diastolic filling rate [(59.0±14.3)% vs. (54.5±11.0)%, P<0.05], and reduced systemic vascular resistance index (SVRi) [(1 798.4±357.3) dyne·s·cm(-5)·m(-2) vs. (2 195.7±508.7) dyne·s·cm(-5)·m(-2), P<0.01] 24 h after TIPS. At the end of 6-month follow-up, all these parameters, but not SVRi, returned towards baseline values. Moreover, peak early to late diastolic tissue velocity ratio at the level of lateral mitral annulus (E'/A') was significantly higher at the end of 6-month follow-up than that at baseline (1.06±0.32 vs. 0.90±0.45, P<0.05). Neither the right ventricular fractional area changes nor the left ventricular ejection fractions during the follow-up period were different from those at baseline (P>0.05). Conclusion: Cirrhotic patients who had no cardiovascular pathologies had adequate adaptation and good compensation ability to reach a new hemodynamic homeostasis for the increased volume load after TIPS insertion.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática , Débito Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos
20.
Am J Cardiol ; 133: 139-147, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838928

RESUMO

Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) have recently demonstrated poorer functional outcome with disrupted ventricular contractility during exercise in young patients. It is not known whether this will change with age. Therefore, echocardiography was performed in older patients with congenital VSDs, either surgically closed or unrepaired and all without Eisenmenger physiology, to compare functional outcomes with healthy peers. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at rest and during supine bicycle exercise, with tissue velocity Doppler for assessment of primary end points: isovolumetric acceleration and systolic velocities. In total, 30 surgically closed VSDs (51 ± 8 years) with 30 healthy controls (52 ± 9 years) and 30 unrepaired VSDs (55 ± 12 years) with 30 matched controls (55 ± 10 years) were included. Surgical patients displayed lower right ventricular (RV) systolic and early diastolic-filling velocities compared with controls, p <0.01, lower tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (17.8 ± 5 vs 22.7 ± 3mm, p <0.01) and lower fractional area change (37.8 ± 6 vs 46.4% ± 7%, p <0.01). Unrepaired VSDs also had lower RV fractional area change than matched controls (39.9 ± 7 vs 48.4% ± 7%, p <0.01). Both patient groups had more tricuspid regurgitation and larger RV outflow tract dimensions than controls, p <0.01. During exercise, isovolumetric acceleration and systolic velocities were lower in both patient groups compared with controls, with the difference increasing with workload level. In conclusion, adults in their mid-50s with surgically closed or unrepaired VSDs have abnormal RV function at rest, with even more pronounced differences during exercise. These results suggest that a VSD, whether repaired early or considered hemodynamically insignificant, is not a benign lesion and continuous follow-up of adults is warranted.


Assuntos
Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Comunicação Interventricular/fisiopatologia , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Comunicação Interventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia
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