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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623235

RESUMO

A novel species of the genus Roseomonas, designated SYSU M41301T, was isolated from water sample of the Pearl River estuary in Guangdong, China. Polyphasic, taxonomic and phylogenomic analyses were used to determine the taxonomy position of the strain. Phylogenetic analysis using 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain SYSU M41301T showed the highest sequence similarity to Roseomonas stagni KCTC 22213T (97.9 %) and Roseomonas riguiloci KCTC 23339T (96.4 %). The novel species could be differentiated from other species of the genus Roseomonas by its distinct phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. The isolate was Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, short rod-shape, oxidase-positive and non-motile. The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, and one unidentified polar lipid. The major fatty acids (>10 % of total) were 11-methyl C18 : 1 ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/ or C16 : 1 ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18:  :1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The G+C content of the novel isolate based on genomic DNA was 72.0 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain SYSU M41301T should be considered to represent a novel species in the genus Roseomonas, for which the name Roseomonas ponticola sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain SYSU M41301T (=KCTC 72726T=CGMCC 1.18613T).


Assuntos
Estuários , Methylobacteriaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Methylobacteriaceae/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rios , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623951

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterium (designated as LMIT005T) was isolated from shrimp ponds in Shantou, China. The new isolate was characterized taxonomically using a polyphasic approach. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain LMIT005T was found to be affiliated with the family Cyclobacteriaceae of the order Cytophagales while appearing as a distinct lineage. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain LMIT005T and Algoriphagus yeomjeoni KCTC 12309T, the closest type strain in the family, was 91.3 %. Strain LMIT005T grew optimally at 25 °C, pH 7 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. The DNA G+C content (data from genome sequence) was 40.5 mol%. Compared with reference strain A. yeomjeoni KCTC 12309T, the average nucleotide identity (ANI) of LMIT005T was 70 %. The sole respiratory quinone of LMIT005T was menaquinone (MK-7), and the major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c / C16 : 1 ω7c). The polar lipids of strain LMIT005T were mainly composed of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified amino lipids, two unidentified lipids, one unidentified glycolipid and one unidentified phospholipid. The draft genome of strain LMIT005T comprised 3 089 781 bp (3.09 Mb) nucleotides and 2773 genes. Antimicrobial resistant-related genes (blal, mexA, and mexb) were annotated in the genome of strain LMIT005T, which indicated that it might be able to resist ß-lactam antibiotics. This was further verified by antimicrobial resistant test. Given its distinct genomic, morphological, and physiological differences from previously described type strains, strain LMIT005T is proposed as a representative of a novel genus of the family Cyclobacteriaceae, with the name Penaeicola halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain is LMIT005T (=KCTC 82616T=CICC 25047T).


Assuntos
Lagoas , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/genética , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623952

RESUMO

A bacterial strain designated 32AT was isolated from the skin of an Anderson's salamander (Ambystoma andersoni) and subjected to a comprehensive taxonomic study. The strain was Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, oxidase- and urease-negative, and catalase-positive. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons placed the strain in the genus Luteolibacter with highest sequence similarities to Luteolibacter pohnpeiensis A4T-83T (95.2%), Luteolibacter gellanilyticus CB-286403T (95.1%) and Luteolibacter cuticulihirudinis E100T (94.9%). Genomic sequence analysis revealed a size of 5.3 Mbp, a G+C-content of 62.2 mol% and highest ANI values with Luteolibacter luteus (71.2%), Luteolibacter yonseiensis (71.4%) and L. pohnpeiensis (69.5%). In the polyamine pattern, 1,3-diaminopropane and spermidine were predominant. The diagnostic diamino acid of the peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The quinone system was composed of the major menaquinones MK-9 and MK-10. Major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, the unidentified aminolipid AL2, the unidentified phospholipid PL2 and the unidentified aminophospholipid APL1. The fatty acid profile contained major amounts of iso-C14:0, iso-C16:0, C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω9c. In addition, C14 : 0, C15:0, anteiso-C15 : 0, summed feature 2 (C14 : 0 3OH and/or iso-C16 : 0 I), and the hydroxylated fatty acids iso-C14 : 0 3OH, iso-C16 : 0 3OH and C16 : 0 3-OH were detected. Physiologically, strain 32AT is distinguishable from its next relatives. Based on phylogenetic, genomic, physiological and chemotaxonomic data, strain 32AT represents a novel species of the genus Luteolibacter for which we propose the name Luteolibacter ambystomatis sp. nov. The type strain is 32AT (=CCM 9141T=LMG 32214T).


Assuntos
Ambystoma , Urodelos , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Verrucomicrobia
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617878

RESUMO

The Pectobacteriaceae family of important plant pathogens includes the genus Dickeya. There are currently 12 described species of Dickeya, although some are poorly characterized at the genomic level. Only two genomes of Dickeya paradisiaca, the type strain CFBP 4178T and strain Ech703, have previously been sequenced. Members of this species are mostly of tropical or subtropical origin. During an investigation of strains present in our laboratory collection we sequenced the atypical strain A3967, registered as CFBP 722, isolated from Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) in the South of France in 1965. The genome of strain A3967 shares digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of 68 and 96 %, respectively, with the D. paradisiaca type strain CFBP 4178T. However, ANI analysis showed that D. paradisiaca strains are significantly dissimilar to the other Dickeya species, such that less than one third of their genomes align to any other Dickeya genome. On phenotypic, phylogenetic and genomic grounds, we propose a reassignment of D. paradisiaca to the genus level, for which we propose the name Musicola gen. nov., with Musicola paradisiaca as the type species and CFBP 4178T (NCPPB 2511T) as the type strain. Phenotypic analysis showed differences between strain A3967T and CFBP 4178T, such as for the assimilation of melibiose, raffinose and myo-inositol. These results support the description of two novel species, namely Musicola paradisiaca comb. nov. and Musicola keenii sp. nov., with CFBP 4178T (NCPPB 2511T=LMG 2542T) and A3967T (CFBP 8732T=LMG 31880T) as the type strains, respectively.


Assuntos
Dickeya , Ácidos Graxos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617879

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated strain SYSU M44304T, was isolated from freshwater samples in the Pearl River Estuary. The isolate was Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, coccus-shaped, oxidase-positive and motile. The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as its diagnostic diamino acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and seven unidentified phospholipids. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1. The G+C content based on genomic DNA was 73.2 mol %. The nearest phylogenetic neighbours to the novel strain were Mobilicoccus pelagius NBRC 104925T and Mobilicoccus caccae YIM 101593T. On the basis of chemotaxonomic and physiological characteristics and phylogenetic analysis, strain SYSU M44304T should be considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Dermatophilaceae, for which we propose the name Agilicoccus flavus gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Agilicoccus flavus is SYSU M44304T (=NBRC 114808T=CGMCC 1.18608T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Rios , Actinobacteria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617881

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, strictly aerobic, motile, endospore-forming, milk-white, indole acetic acid-producing, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated as HU2P27T, was isolated from a shoot of Kalidium cuspidatum collected in Tumd Right Banner, Inner Mongolia, PR China. Strain grew at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0-14.0 % NaCl (optimum, 5.0-8.0 %). The strain tested positive for oxidase, catalase and nitrate reductase. The phylogenetic trees based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and the core genome both showed that strain HU2P27T clustered with Aquibacillus koreensis BH30097T, sharing 97.7 % and <97.0 % of 16S rRNA gene similarity with A. koreensis BH30097T and any other type strain. Strain HU2P27T contained MK-7 as the major respiratory quinone. Its major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0, and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and four unidentified phospholipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 36.0 mol%. The average nucleotide identity, amino acid identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain HU2P27T with A. koreensis BH30097T were 71.7, 69.2 and 19.4%, respectively. The phylogenetic, physiological and phenotypic results allowed the discrimination of strain HU2P27T from its phylogenetic relatives. The name Aquibacillus kalidii sp. nov. is therefore proposed. The type strain is strain HU2P27T (=CGMCC 1.18646T=KCTC 43248T). Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene and genome analyses, we propose the reclassification of Virgibacillus campisalis Lee et al. 2012 as a later heterotypic synonym of Virgibacillus alimentarius Kim et al. 2011.


Assuntos
Endófitos , Ácidos Graxos , Bacillaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Endófitos/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Indolacéticos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Virgibacillus
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605765

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile, short rod-shaped, catalase-negative and oxidase-positive bacterium, strain CAU 1568T, was isolated from marine sediment sand sampled at Sido Island in the Republic of Korea. The optimum conditions for growth were at 25-30 °C, at pH 6.5-8.5 and with 0-4.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain CAU 1568T was a member of the genus Photobacterium with high similarity to Photobacterium salinisoli JCM 30852T (97.7 %), Photobacterium halotolerans KACC 17089T (97.3 %) and Photobacterium galatheae LMG F28894T (97.3 %). The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), with Q-8 as the major of isoprenoid quinone. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerols, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phospholipid, two aminophospholipids and three unidentified lipids. The whole genome size of strain CAU 1568T was 4.8 Mb with 50.1 mol% G+C content; including 38 contigs and 4233 protein-coding genes. These taxonomic data support CAU 1568T as representing a novel Photobacterium species, for which the name Photobacterium arenosum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of this novel species is CAU 1568T (=KCTC 82404T=MCCC 1K05668T).


Assuntos
Photobacterium , Areia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Sedimentos Geológicos , Photobacterium/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612809

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterium, designated strain Marseille-Q3039T, was isolated from subgingival dental plaque of a woman with gingivitis in Marseille, France. Strain Marseille-Q3039T was found to be an anaerobic, motile and spore-forming crescent-shaped bacterium that grew at 25-41.5 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 5.5-8.5 (optimum, pH 7.5) and salinity of 5.0 g l-1 NaCl. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain Marseille-Q3039T was closely related to Selenomonas infelix ATCC 43532T (98.42 % similarity), Selenomonas dianae ATCC 43527T (97.25 %) and Centipedia periodontii DSM 2778T (97.19 %). The orthologous average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization relatedness between strain Q3039T and its closest phylogenetic neighbours were respectively 84.57 and 28.2 % for S. infelix ATCC 43532T and 83.93 and 27.2 % for C. periodontii DSM 2778T. The major fatty acids were identified as C13 : 0 (27.7 %), C15 : 0 (24.4 %) and specific C13 : 0 3-OH (12.3 %). Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 2 351 779 bp and a G+C content of 57.2 mol%. On the basis of the results from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genomic and phylogenetic analyses and data, we concluded that strain Marseille-Q3039T represents a novel species of the genus Selenomonas, for which the name Selenomonas timonae sp. nov. is proposed (=CSUR Q3039=CECT 30128).


Assuntos
Gengivite , Selenomonas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(13): 138101, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623846

RESUMO

The spatiotemporal organization of bacterial cells is crucial for the active segregation of replicating chromosomes. In several species, including Caulobacter crescentus, the ATPase ParA binds to DNA and forms a gradient along the long cell axis. The ParB partition complex on the newly replicated chromosome translocates up this ParA gradient, thereby contributing to chromosome segregation. A DNA-relay mechanism-deriving from the elasticity of the fluctuating chromosome-has been proposed as the driving force for this cargo translocation, but a mechanistic theoretical description remains elusive. Here, we propose a minimal model to describe force generation by the DNA-relay mechanism over a broad range of operational conditions. Conceptually, we identify four distinct force-generation regimes characterized by their dependence on chromosome fluctuations. These relay force regimes arise from an interplay of the imposed ParA gradient, chromosome fluctuations, and an emergent friction force due to chromosome-cargo interactions.


Assuntos
DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Caulobacter crescentus/genética , Caulobacter crescentus/metabolismo , Segregação de Cromossomos , Cromossomos Bacterianos , DNA Primase/química , DNA Primase/genética , DNA Primase/metabolismo , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633920

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, yellow-pigmented and non-motile rod-shaped bacterium, designated as GrpM-11T, was isolated from coastal seawater collected from the East Sea, Republic of Korea. Strain GrpM-11T could grow at 10-40 °C (optimum, 35 °C), at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3-4 %). Cells hydrolysed aesculin, gelatin and casein, but could not reduce nitrate to nitrite. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that this strain formed a distinct phylogenic lineage with Parasphingopyxis algicola ATAX6-5T (96.2 % sequence identity) and Parasphingopyxis lamellibrachiae DSM 26725T (96.2 % identity) and belonged to the genus Parasphingopyxis. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10. The polar lipid profile of strain GrpM-11T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, sphingoglycolipid and three unknown glycolipids. Cellular fatty acid analysis indicated that summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c; 42.8 %), C16 : 0 (19.0 %), C18 : 1 ω7c 11-methyl (13.3 %) and C18 : 1 ω7c (8.0 %) were the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content of strain GrpM-11T was 63.7 mol%. Through whole genome sequence comparisons, the digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain GrpM-11T and two species of the genus Parasphingopyxis were revealed to be in the ranges of 19.0-22.0 % and 76.3-79.7 %, respectively. Based on the results of polyphasic analysis, strain GrpM-11T represents a novel species of the genus Parasphingopyxis, for which the name Parasphingopyxis marina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GrpM-11T (KCCM 43343T=JCM 34665T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633921

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain, named SJ-16T, was isolated from desert soil collected in Inner Mongolia, northern PR China. Strain SJ-16T grew at pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 8.0-9.0), 4-40 °C (optimum, 30-35 °C) and in the presence of 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-2 %). The strain was negative for catalase and positive for oxidase. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain SJ-16T clustered with Luteimonas chenhongjianii 100111T and Luteimonas terrae THG-MD21T, and had 98.8, 98.6, 98.3 and <97.9 % of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to strains L. chenhongjianii 100111T, L. terrae THG-MD21T, L. aestuarii B9T and all other type strains of the genus Luteimonas, respectively. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and summed feature 9 (C16 : 0 10-methyl and/or iso-C17 : 1 ω9c). Diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine were the major polar lipids, and ubiquinone-8 was the only respiratory quinone. The genomic DNA G+C content was 69.3 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values of strain SJ-16T to L. chenhongjianii 100111T, L. terrae THG-MD21T, L. rhizosphaerae 4-12T and L. aestuarii B9T were 36.9, 37.5, 24.0 and 21.1 %, and 80.9, 80.6, 80.7 and 76.3 %, respectively. Based on phenotypic, physiological and phylogenetic results, strain SJ-16T represents a novel species of the genus Luteimonas, for which the name Luteimonas deserti is proposed. The type strain is SJ-16T (=CGMCC 1.17694T=KCTC 82207T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Xanthomonadaceae
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633922

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, ovoid or rod-shaped, non-flagellated, motile-by-gliding and aerobic bacteria, designated S10-8T, was isolated from marine sediment of the Yellow Sea. Colonies of strain S10-8T had a pink-red pigmentation and its cells were approximately 0.5-0.8 µm×1.0-2.5 µm in size. Growth occurred at 10-45 °C (optimally at 33-37 °C), in the presence of 0-12.0 % NaCl (optimally at 2.0-5.0 %, w/v) and at pH 5.0-8.5 (optimally at pH 7.0-7.5). Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that strain S10-8T is a member of the genus Pontibacter within the family Hymenobacteraceae, and the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of strain S10-8T to its closest relative Pontibacter actiniarum KCTC 12367T was 96.9 %. Strain S10-8T contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and summed feature 4 (iso-C17:1 I and/or anteiso-C17:1 B) and iso-C15:0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and an unidentified lipid. The size of the draft genome was 4 623 791 bp and the G+C content was 53.5 mol%. There were low DNA-DNA hybridization values (<48.3±5.2 %) and average nucleotide identity values (<86.5 %) between strain S10-8T and the most closely related recognized Pontibacter species. Therefore, we propose a novel species in the genus Pontibacter to accommodate the novel isolate: Pontibacter flavimaris sp. nov. (type strain S10-8T=KCTC 42769T=ACCC 19859T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Sedimentos Geológicos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633923

RESUMO

Two isolates of a non-fermenting, Gram-negative bacterial strain were cultured from two throat swabs that were taken from a pair of twins during routine microbiological surveillance screening. As these isolates could not be unambiguously identified using routine diagnostic methods, whole genome sequencing was performed followed by phylogenetic analysis based on the rpoB gene sequence and by whole genome datasets. The two strains compose a separate branch within the clade formed by the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii (ACB) complex with Acinetobacter pittii CIP 70.29T as the most closely related species. The average nucleotide identity compared to all other species of the ACB complex was below 94.2% and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values were less than 60%. Biochemical characteristics confirm affiliation to the ACB complex with some specific phenotypic differences. As a result of the described data, a new Acinetobacter species is introduced, for which the name Acinetobacter geminorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is J00019T with a G+C DNA content of 38.8 mol% and it is deposited in the DSMZ Germany (DSM 111094T) and CCUG Sweden (CCUG 74625T).


Assuntos
Acinetobacter , Faringe , Acinetobacter/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633924

RESUMO

Through this study, we established the taxonomic status of seven strains belonging to the genus Pectobacterium (A477-S1-J17T, A398-S21-F17, A535-S3-A17, A411-S4-F17, A113-S21-F16, FL63-S17 and FL60-S17) collected from four different river streams and an artificial lake in south-east France between 2016 and 2017. Ecological surveys in rivers and lakes pointed out different repartition of strains belonging to this clade compared to the closest species, Pectobacterium aquaticum. The main phenotypic difference observed between these strains and the P. aquaticum type strain was strongly impaired growth with rhamnose as the sole carbon source. This correlates with three different forms of pseudogenization of the l-rhamnose/proton symporter gene rhaT in the genomes of strains belonging to this clade. Phylogenetic analysis using gapA gene sequences and multi locus sequence analysis of the core genome showed that these strains formed a distinct clade within the genus Pectobacterium closely related to P. aquaticum. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values showed a clear discontinuity between the new clade and P. aquaticum. However, the calculated values are potentially consistent with either splitting or merging of this new clade with P. aquaticum. In support of the split, ANI coverages were higher within this new clade than between this new clade and P. aquaticum. The split is also consistent with the range of observed ANI or dDDH values that currently separate several accepted species within the genus Pectobacterium. On the basis of these data,strains A477-S1-J17T, A398-S21-F17, A535-S3-A17, A411-S4-F17, A113-S21-F16, FL63-S17 and FL60-S17 represent a novel species of the genus Pectobacterium, for which the name Pectobacterium quasiaquaticum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A477-S1-J17T (=CFBP 8805T=LMG 32181T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Pectobacterium , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Pectobacterium/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596504

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, strain SJAQ100T, was isolated from a freshwater aquarium and was characterized taxonomically and phylogenetically. Strain SJAQ100T was a Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterium. The strain grew optimally with 0 % NaCl and at 25-37 °C on Reasoner's 2A agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the strain SJAQ100T clustered with members of Burkholderiales incertae sedis in the order Burkholderiales, but sequence similarities to known species were less than 96.5 %. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SJAQ100T was 71.2 mol%. Genomic comparisons of strain SJAQ100T with species in the order Burkholderiales were made using the Genome-to-Genome Distance Calculator, average nucleotide identity and average amino acid identity analyses (values indicated ≤22.1, ≤78.1, and ≤68.1 % respectively). Strain SJAQ100T contained C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c as major fatty acids and Q-8 as the major quinone. The major polyamines were putrescine and cadaverine. Strain SJAQ100T contained phosphatidylethanolamine and diphosphatidylglycerol as major polar lipids. Based on the genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic results, strain SJAQ100T represents a novel genus and species, Aquariibacter albus gen. nov., sp. nov., which belongs to order Burkholderiales and the class Betaproteobacteria. The type strain is SJAQ100T (=KCTC 72203T=CGMCC 1.18869T=MCC 4385T).


Assuntos
Burkholderiales , Ácidos Graxos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Água Doce , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596505

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, short-rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain CBS1P-1T, was isolated from a surface-sterilized bark of Aegiceras corniculatum. Growth of strain CBS1P-1T was observed with between 0 and 12.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally with 5.0 %) and at between pH 6.0-9.0. It grew at temperatures between 25-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that ubiquinone-10 was the respiratory quinone. The lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified glycolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified aminolipid. The major fatty acids of strain CBS1P-1T were C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CBS1P-1T was most related to Pseudooceanicola antarcticus CGMCC 1.12662T with a sequence similarity of 96.5 %. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CBS1P-1T and P. antarcticus 1.12662T were 77.5 and 21.1 %, respectively. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 67.3 mol%. Based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain CBS1P-1T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pseudooceanicola, for which the name Pseudooceanicola endophyticus is proposed. The type strain is CBS1P-1T (=KCTC 62836T=CGMCC 1.13743T).


Assuntos
Primulaceae , Rhodobacteraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , Casca de Planta , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596507

RESUMO

Twelve thermophilic Anoxybacillus strains were isolated from sediment and water samples from a Karvachar hot spring located in the northern part of Nagorno-Karabakh. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, one of the isolates, designated strain K1T, was studied in detail. The cells are straight, motile rods that are 0.2-0.4×2.3-7.2 µm in size. The strain is a Gram-stain-positive, moderately thermophilic facultative anaerobe with an optimum growth temperature of 60-65 °C and a growth temperature range of 45-70 °C. Growth of strain K1T was observed at pH 6-11 (optimum, pH 8-9) and was inhibited in the presence of NaCl concentrations above 2.5 % (optimum, 1-1.5 %). The isolate could utilize a wide variety of carbon sources, including d-arabinose, d-ribose, d-galactose, d-fructose, d-mannitol, maltose, aesculin, melibiose, sucrose, trehalose, raffinose, amidone, glycogen, turanose, d-lyxose, d-tagatose, potassium gluconate and 2-keto-gluconate. The strain was able to hydrolyse starch, casein and gelatin, was positive for oxidase and catalase, and reduced nitrate to nitrite, but was negative for H2S production. Production of urease and indole was not observed. The major cellular fatty acids were C15 : 0 iso, C16 : 0 and C17 : 0 iso (52.5, 13.6 and 19.6 % of total fatty acids, respectively). Strain K1T shares >99 % 16S rRNA sequence similarity and a genomic average nucleotide identity value of 94.5 % with its closest relative, Anoxybacillus flavithermus DSM 2641T, suggesting that it represents a separate and novel species, for which the name Anoxybacillus karvacharensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Anoxybacillus karvacharensis is K1T (=DSM 106524T=KCTC 15807T).


Assuntos
Anoxybacillus , Fontes Termais , Anoxybacillus/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596509

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, designated TCH3-2T, was isolated from the rhizosphere of tomato plant grown at Dong-A University Agricultural Experiment Station, Republic of Korea. The strain was Gram-stain-negative, obligate aerobic, orange yellow-coloured, motile by gliding and short rod-shaped. Strain TCH3-2 T only grew on 1/2 tryptic soy agar and Luria-Bertani agar among the media tested, with optimum growth at 28 °C and pH 7. Salt of 1 % NaCl was necessary to support the growth of TCH3-2T. Strain TCH3-2T produced flexirubin-type pigments. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (55.6 %), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (17.9 %), summed feature 9 (comprising C16 : 0 10-methyl and/or iso-C17 : 1 ω9c; 10.5 %), iso-C15 : 0 3-OH (4.8 %) and anteiso-C15 : 0 (2.3 %). The major menaquinone was menaquinone-6 and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, five unknown aminolipids and three unknown lipids. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA sequences indicated that TCH3-2T was closely related to Flavobacterium ummariense DS-12T (95.16 %), Flavobacterium marinum SW105T (95.14 %) and Flavobacterium viscosus YIM 102796T (94.54 %). The draft genome of TCH3-2T comprised ca. 2.8 Mb with a G+C content of 34.61 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between TCH3-2T and closely related Flavobacterium species showed that it belongs to a distinct species. Furthermore, the results of morphological, physiological and biochemical tests allowed further phenotypic differentiation of TCH3-2T from its closest relatives. Thus, chemotaxonomic characteristics together with phylogenetic affiliation illustrate that TCH3-2T represents a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium dauae sp. nov. (type strain TCH3-2T=KACC 19054T=JCM 34025T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacterium , Lycopersicon esculentum , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacterium/genética , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605389

RESUMO

A novel isolated yellow-pigmented bacterial designated strain UDD2T was isolated from a maize field soil sample collected in Ilsan, Republic of Korea. Cells of strain UDD2T were Gram-stain-negative, non-sporulating, long rod-shaped and exhibited flagellar motility. Cells could grow at 15-42 °C and pH 5.5-11.0. Strain UDD2T was sensitive to NaCl and barely tolerated up to 1 % NaCl (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain UDD2T formed a separate clade with the members of genus Sphingosinicella within the family Sphingomonadaceae. Strain UDD2T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Sphingosinicella vermicomposti KCTC 224446T (98.5 %) and Sphingosinicella humi KCTC 62519T (96.7 %), followed by members of the genus Sphingomonas (96.4-94.5 %) and Sphingobium (96.1-94.9 %), but they were located in other phylogenetic clusters. Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain UDD2T and S. vermicomposti KCTC 224446T and S. humi KCTC 62519T were 80.2/24.2 and 75.6/20.4 %, respectively. The total size of the genome was 2 421 697 bp and composed of one circular chromosome, with a G+C content of 63.7 mol%. Strain UDD2T produced indole acetic acid (IAA) in the presence of l-tryptophan. Bacterial IAA is a crucial phytohormone in plant growth and development. Gene clusters for indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase and tryptophan synthase were found in the genome of strain UDD2T. To the best of our knowledge, no member of the genus Sphingosinicella has been reported to produce IAA to date. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were found to be C16 : 0, C14 : 0 2OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C16  : 1 ω7c and/or iso-C15  :  0 2-OH). Strain UDD2T had ubiquinone Q-10 as the major respiratory quinone and homospermidine as the major polyamine. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, three unidentified phosphoglycolipids, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminoglycophospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid and one unidentified polar lipid. Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic data, strain UDD2T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingosinicella, for which the name Sphingosinicella flava is proposed. The type strain is UDD2T (=KCTC 82357T=NBRC 114507T).


Assuntos
Sphingomonadaceae , Zea mays , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Indolacéticos , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo , Sphingomonadaceae/genética
20.
BMC Res Notes ; 14(1): 345, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Species identification of Shigella isolates are so prominent for epidemiological studies and infection prevention strategies. We developed and evaluated RAPD and ERIC-PCR coupled with HRM for differentiation of non-dysenteriae Shigella species as potential alternative methods. After isolation of eighteen Shigella strains from faecal specimens collected from children under 2 years of age with diarrhea (n = 143), the species of the isolates were identified by slide agglutination assay. Also, species were identified using developed RAPD-PCR-HRM and ERIC-PCR-HRM techniques. Differentiation of the data sets was measured by principal component analysis as a dimension reduction method. Then, sensitivity and specificity of the methods were evaluated. RESULTS: We found RAPD-PCR-HRM method with high sensitivity and specificity (100 and 85% respectively) to identify non-dysenteriae Shigella species in clinical specimens. However, sensitivity and specificity of ERIC-PCR-HRM were evaluated 33 and 46% respectively and significantly lower than that of RAPD-PCR-HRM assay. Regardless of inherent poor reproducibility of DNA fingerprinting-based methods, RAPD-PCR-HRM assay can be considered as a potential alternative method to identify non-dysenteriae species of Shigella in clinical specimens. As we observed in the current study, HRM technique is more rapid, inexpensive, and sensitive than gel electrophoresis method to characterize PCR amplicons.


Assuntos
Shigella , Criança , Impressões Digitais de DNA , DNA Bacteriano , Humanos , Lactente , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Shigella/genética
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