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1.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190184, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576903

RESUMO

American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) has two main scenarios of transmission as follows: scattered cases in rural areas and urban outbreaks. Urban AVL is in active dispersion from the northeastern border of Argentina-Paraguay-Brazil to the South. The presence of Lutzomyia longipalpis was initially reported in urban environments in the northwestern border of the country. The presence of Lu. longipalpis, environmental variables associated with its distribution, and its genetic diversity were assessed in Salvador Mazza, Argentina, on the border with Bolivia. The genetic analysis showed high haplotype diversity, low nucleotide diversity, and low nucleotide polymorphism index. We discuss the hypothesis of an expanding urban population with introgressive hybridisation of older haplogroups found in their path in natural forest or rural environments, acquiring a new adaptability to urban environments, and the possibility of changes in vector capacity.


Assuntos
Distribuição Animal , Variação Genética/genética , Insetos Vetores/genética , Psychodidae/genética , Animais , Argentina , Bolívia , Brasil , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Genes de Insetos/genética , Haplótipos , Insetos Vetores/classificação , Leishmaniose Cutânea/transmissão , Masculino , Filogeografia , Psychodidae/classificação
2.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 28(3): 367-375, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483030

RESUMO

Renicolids are parasites that inhabit the renal tubules and ureters of molluscivorous and piscivorous birds. Puffinus puffinus is a migratory seabird that was identified as the definitive host of Renicola spp. Studies focusing on the renicolid species and the resulting renal lesions are valuable for their association with causes of stranding in seabirds. The aim of this study was to identify the renicolid trematodes and evaluate the histological findings in two P. puffinus stranded on the coast of Paraná state, Brazil. The parasites were evaluated by histologic, ultrastructural and molecular assays, while tissue changes were analyzed by histologic methods. The morphological and morphometrical characteristics of the parasites, along with polymerase chain reaction and sequencing assays (ribosomal and mitochondrial regions), identified the species as Renicola sloanei. The results also suggest that this helminth can be the adult form of Cercaria pythionike. The dilation of collecting ducts was the main histological finding in the kidneys. In conclusion, R. sloanei was identified, and for the first time, P. puffinus was described as a host of this digenean inducing mild renal changes.


Assuntos
Doenças das Aves/parasitologia , Aves/parasitologia , Rim/parasitologia , Trematódeos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , DNA de Helmintos/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Trematódeos/classificação , Trematódeos/genética , Trematódeos/ultraestrutura
3.
Vet Parasitol ; 273: 36-44, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442891

RESUMO

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks cause major constraints to public and livestock health, and serious economic losses. It is well known that the immune response to infestations with cattle ticks is influenced by the host genetic background leading to distinct immunological profiles between bovine hosts genetically susceptible and resistant. The influence of Bos indicus (Bi) and Bos taurus (Bt) maternal lineage ancestry of mitochondrial DNA in the profile of the immune response of Zebu cattle to ticks remains unknown. The present work evaluated the hematological parameters and the immune response profile in the peripheral blood of a Guzerat dairy herd, further categorized into two maternal lineage ancestry subgroups (Bi-mtDNA and Bt-mtDNA) after experimental infestation with larvae of R. microplus. Our data demonstrated that although hematological and erythrogram analysis showed a similar profile throughout, some cell populations present a distinct profile between the groups. Especially MON, CD335+ and CD8+ T-cells are predominant in Bi-mtDNA. Moreover, an overall picture of R. microplus infestation demonstrated that Bi-mtDNA presented a more efficient and earlier innate immune response. Bi-mtDNA showed a greater number of connections with R. microplus counts and also with the CD25+ activation marker of the immune response. Bi-mtDNA showed greater number of connections, with an important participation of the innate immune while Bt-mtDNA showed a delay in the immune response. Elucidating the mechanisms by which resistant animals prevent heavy tick infestation is a crucial step in the development of predictive biomarkers for tick resistance for use in selective breeding programs, and is also potentially useful for the development of anti-tick vaccines.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Rhipicephalus/imunologia , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária , Animais , Cruzamento , Bovinos , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Indústria de Laticínios , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Infestações por Carrapato/imunologia
4.
Vet Parasitol ; 272: 23-30, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395201

RESUMO

Nematodes belonging to the Trichuris genus are prevalent soil-transmitted helminths with a worldwide distribution in mammals, while humans are mainly affected in areas with insufficient sanitation such as in Africa, Asia and South America. Traditionally, whipworms infecting primates are referred to Trichuris trichiura, but recent molecular and morphological evidence suggests that more than one species may be able to infect humans and non-human primates. Here, we analyzed the genetic diversity and phylogeny of Trichuris infecting five different non-human primate species kept in captivity using sequencing of three mitochondrial genes (cox1, rrnL and cob). Phylogenetic analyses of both single and concatenated datasets suggested the presence of two main evolutionary lineages and several highly supported clades likely existing as separate taxa. The first lineage included Trichuris infecting the mantled guereza (Colobus guereza kikuyensis), the chacma baboon (Papio ursinus) and the green monkeys (Chlorocebus spp.), clustering together with Trichuris suis; the second lineage included Trichuris infecting the Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) and the hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas), clustering together with Trichuris spp. infecting humans. These results were supported by the genetic distance between samples, which suggested that at least two taxa are able to infect macaques, baboons and humans. The present study improves our understanding of the taxonomy and evolutionary relationships among Trichuris spp. infecting primates. It moreover suggests that multiple Trichuris spp. may circulate among host species and that Trichuris in non human primates (NHPs) may be zoonotic. Further studies are important to better understand the epidemiology of Trichuris in primates and for implementing appropriate control and/or conservation measures.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Filogenia , Doenças dos Primatas/parasitologia , Tricuríase/veterinária , Trichuris/classificação , Trichuris/genética , Animais , Variação Genética , Primatas , Tricuríase/parasitologia
5.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 53(4): 627-637, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397436

RESUMO

The woolly mammoth mitochondrial genome (including the Malolyakhovsky mammoth) has been previously sequenced, followed by the annotation of all its genes (MF770243). In this study, based on the Malolyakhovsky mammoth, we describe for the first time the sites of functional significance in the control region of the woolly mammoth mitogenome.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Fósseis , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Região de Controle de Locus Gênico/genética , Mamutes/genética , Animais
6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(72): 10677-10680, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424057

RESUMO

Beacon-mediated Exponential Amplification Reaction (BEAR) enables isothermal, exponential signal amplification. BEAR uses only a single enzyme and a single primer. Detection of 0.2 amol of a mitochondrial DNA with a point mutation in less than an hour demonstrates an application of the BEAR technique for nucleic acid research.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Mitocondrial/análise , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/química , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/metabolismo , Mutação Puntual
7.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1158: 71-82, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452136

RESUMO

Proteins oxidation by reactive species is implicated in the aetiology or progression of a panoply of disorders and diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders. It is becoming increasingly evident that redox imbalance in the brain mediates neurodegeneration. Free radicals, as reactive species of oxygen (ROS) but also reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and reactive sulfur species (RSS), are generated in vivo from several sources. Within the cell the mitochondria represent the main source of ROS and mitochondrial dysfunction is both the major contributor to oxidative stress (OS) as well its major consequence.To date there are no doubts that a condition of OS added to other factors as mitochondrial damage in mtDNA or mitochondrial respiratory chain, may contribute to trigger or amplify mechanisms leading to neurodegenerative disorders.In this chapter, we aim at illustrate the molecular interplay occurring between mitochondria and OS focusing on Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, describing a phenotypic reprogramming mechanism of mitochondria in complex neurological disorder.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Mitocôndrias , Estresse Oxidativo , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/fisiopatologia , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Nitrogênio , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
8.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1158: 247-255, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452144

RESUMO

The maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is located inside every mitochondrion, in variable number of copies, and it contains 37 crucial genes for cellular bioenergetics. This chapter will discuss the unique features of this circular genome including heteroplasmy, haplogroups, among others, along with the corresponding clinical relevance for each. The discussion also covers the nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes (N > 1000) and the epistatic interactions between mtDNA and the nuclear genome. Examples of mitochondrial diseases related to specific mtDNA mutation sites of relevance for humans are provided. This chapter aims to provide an overview of mitochondrial genetics as an emerging hot topic for the future of medicine.


Assuntos
Metabolismo Energético , Mitocôndrias , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Metabolismo Energético/genética , Epistasia Genética , Genes Mitocondriais/genética , Genoma/genética , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Doenças Mitocondriais/genética , Mutação
9.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1158: 257-267, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452145

RESUMO

Mitochondrial disease can arise due to pathogenic sequence variants in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) that prevent cells from meeting their energy demands. Mitochondrial diseases are often fatal and currently there are no treatments directed towards the underlying cause of disease. Pathogenic variants in mtDNA often exist in a state of heteroplasmy, with coexistence of pathogenic and wild type mtDNA. The load of heteroplasmy, defined as the relative amount of pathogenic mtDNA to wild type mtDNA, corresponds to timing and symptom severity. Thus, changing the heteroplasmy load may lead to a shift in disease onset and symptom severity. Here we review techniques aimed at preventing inheritance of pathogenic mtDNA via mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT) and strategies geared toward shifting of heteroplasmy in individuals with active mitochondrial disease. MRT strategies seek to create embryos with the nuclear genetic makeup of the intended parents and wild type mtDNA from a donor in order to avoid known maternal pathogenic variants. Heteroplasmy shift approaches in patients are of two categories: nuclease dependent and nuclease independent strategies. Despite initial success in mouse models and patient cells, these techniques have not reached clinical use. Translational attempts in this area are urgently needed to improve therapies for a currently untreatable set of disorders.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética , Doenças Mitocondriais , Animais , Núcleo Celular , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Terapia Genética/tendências , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Doenças Mitocondriais/terapia
10.
Gene ; 720: 144026, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377315

RESUMO

Mitogenomes in plants are well-known as exhibiting high diversity in genome size architecture and repetitive DNA sequences. In this research study, we report on the complete mitochondrial genomes of S. tuberosa and S. mombin using Illumina paired-end and mate-pair end reads. These genomes were obtained by a combination of methods of de novo assembly and contig extension. The mitogenomes of S. tuberosa and S. mombin showed 779,106 bp and 685,788 bp in length, with a total of 35 genes. Genome comparisons showed many rearrangements that were mediated by repetitive DNA, and also high incorporation of DNA from chloroplast. In summary, we demonstrate: (1) first complete mitochondrial genomes for the genus Spondias; (2) the synteny between S. tuberosa and S. mombin showed rearrangements, mediated by repetitive DNA; (3) that gene content in Spondias mitogenomes is highly conserved; and (4) the high incorporation DNA from chloroplast genome, (5) the mitogenome size is due intergenic spacers and (6) the non-tandem repeats contributes for giant intergenic spacers.


Assuntos
Anacardiaceae/classificação , Anacardiaceae/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Evolução Molecular , Genoma Mitocondrial , Sequências Repetitivas de Ácido Nucleico
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446694

RESUMO

Summary Mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) deletion is a rare occurrence that results in defects to oxidative phosphorylation. The common clinical presentations of mtDNA deletion vary but include mitochondrial myopathy, Pearson syndrome, Kearns-Sayre syndrome, and progressive external ophthalmoplegia. However, in clinical practice, some cases cannot be classified as any typical syndrome due to the absence or overlap of phenotypes. Here, we report one case of a 5-year-old girl who presented with progressive deterioration of her clinical status, which included systemic electrolyte disturbance, Fanconi syndrome and sensorineural hearing loss. Through a combination of systematic examinations and molecular analyses, mitochondrial disease was confirmed. A novel 6991-base pair deletion(deletion of mtDNA nt 7808-14798) was identified which confirmed molecular pathogeny of patient. Following treatment, the patient was stabilized and her hearing loss improved by hearing aid. This paper provided an important reference for the diagnosis and treatment of similar patients in clinical practice.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Doenças Mitocondriais/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Pré-Escolar , Síndrome de Fanconi/genética , Feminino , Auxiliares de Audição , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/terapia , Humanos
12.
BMC Genomics ; 20(Suppl 3): 295, 2019 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondria is a powerhouse of all eukaryotic cells that have its own circular DNA (mtDNA) encoding various RNAs and proteins. Somatic perturbations of mtDNA are accumulating with age thus it is of great importance to uncover the main sources of mtDNA instability. Recent analyses demonstrated that somatic mtDNA deletions depend on imperfect repeats of various nature between distant mtDNA segments. However, till now there are no comprehensive databases annotating all types of imperfect repeats in numerous species with sequenced complete mitochondrial genome as well as there are no algorithms capable to call all types of imperfect repeats in circular mtDNA. RESULTS: We implemented naïve algorithm of pattern recognition by analogy to standard dot-plot construction procedures allowing us to find both perfect and imperfect repeats of four main types: direct, inverted, mirror and complementary. Our algorithm is adapted to specific characteristics of mtDNA such as circularity and an excess of short repeats - it calls imperfect repeats starting from the length of 10 b.p. We constructed interactive web available database ImtRDB depositing perfect and imperfect repeats positions in mtDNAs of more than 3500 Vertebrate species. Additional tools, such as visualization of repeats within a genome, comparison of repeat densities among different genomes and a possibility to download all results make this database useful for many biologists. Our first analyses of the database demonstrated that mtDNA imperfect repeats (i) are usually short; (ii) associated with unfolded DNA structures; (iii) four types of repeats positively correlate with each other forming two equivalent pairs: direct and mirror versus inverted and complementary, with identical nucleotide content and similar distribution between species; (iv) abundance of repeats is negatively associated with GC content; (v) dinucleotides GC versus CG are overrepresented on light chain of mtDNA covered by repeats. CONCLUSIONS: ImtRDB is available at http://bioinfodbs.kantiana.ru/ImtRDB/ . It is accompanied by the software calling all types of interspersed repeats with different level of degeneracy in circular DNA. This database and software can become a very useful tool in various areas of mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA research.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Sequências Repetitivas de Ácido Nucleico , Software , Algoritmos , DNA Circular/genética
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16302, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277167

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Researchers have evaluated the associations between mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) 4977 bp deletion and presbycusis. This study aimed to assess the differences of mtDNA 4977 bp deletion between presbycusis patients and controls by conducting a meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Data were searched to collect case-control studies on the correlation between mitochondrial DNA 4977 bp deletion and presbycusis. The research findings of related articles were collected according to the inclusion criteria. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Meanwhile, subgroup analysis was performed to examine the source of heterogeneity. Revman 5.3 and Stata 12.0 software were used for data synthesis. RESULTS: Eight English and Chinese studies were included in the meta-analysis, the results of which showed that mitochondrial DNA 4977 bp deletion could increase the risk of presbycusis (OR = 8.16, 95% CI: 3.51-18.99), and the difference was statistically significant (P <. 01). Analysis of the polled OR showed the incidence of mtDNA 4977 bp deletion was 8.50 times higher in Asians with presbycusis than in the control group. And the OR in the studies of occidentals was 7.24. Sample source analysis was also performed with the sample source divided by temporal bone source and other sources (hair and blood). The OR was 4.18 and 22.36 for the temporal bone and other sources, respectively. CONCLUSION: Mitochondrial DNA 4977 bp deletion could increase the risk of presbycusis.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Presbiacusia/genética , Deleção de Sequência/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos
14.
Parasite ; 26: 38, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259684

RESUMO

An inventory of Phlebotomine sandflies was carried out in the Ankarana tsingy located in far northern Madagascar. A total of 723 sandflies were used for morphological, morphometric, and molecular studies (sequencing of partial cytochrome B (mtDNA) and partial 28S (rDNA)). Nine species were identified: Phlebotomus fertei, Sergentomyia anka, Se. sclerosiphon, Se. goodmani, two species of the genus Grassomyia, as well as three new species described herein: Se. volfi n. sp., Se. kaltenbachi n. sp., and Se. ozbeli n. sp. The recognition of these new species is strongly supported by molecular analyses. The first two of the new species could not be classified into any existing subgenus, therefore we proposed two new subgenera (Ranavalonomyia subg. nov., and Riouxomyia subg. nov.), with combinations as: Sergentomyia (Ranavalonomyia) volfi and Sergentomyia (Riouxomyia) kaltenbachi. Our study reveals important molecular variability in Se. anka, with the recognition of a population whose taxonomic status remains below that of species. Our research confirms the need to further study the specific diversity of Malagasy sandflies, which until the start of this millennium remained mostly unknown.


Assuntos
Phlebotomus/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Citocromos b/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Feminino , Variação Genética , Insetos Vetores/classificação , Madagáscar , Masculino , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 349, 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Four species of Strongyloides, Strongyloides felis, Strongyloides planiceps, Strongyloides stercoralis and Strongyloides tumefaciens, have been identified in cats based on morphology and location in the host with limited data on the prevalence and disease potential of these different species. Strongyloides tumefaciens adults are located in colonic nodules while the other three species are in the small intestine. The literature on Strongyloides in cats is scattered and has never been compiled. The aim of this article is to provide a short review of the existing literature on Strongyloides spp. in cats, to describe the pathology of colonic nodules containing Strongyloides sp. seen at necropsies of cats in St. Kitts, West Indies, and to provide the first unequivocal report of zoonotic S. stercoralis in cats based on sequencing analysis of a portion of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene, and supported by phylogenetic analysis. RESULTS: Colonic nodules containing sections of nematodes, histologically compatible with Strongyloides sp. were seen during necropsy in six cats in St. Kitts, West Indies. Sequencing of the cox1 gene of the mitochondrial DNA extracted from colonic nodules from two of these cats matched sequences of the zoonotic strain of S. stercoralis. CONCLUSIONS: The morphological similarities between S. stercoralis-associated colonic nodules and previous reports of S. tumefaciens, together with the insufficient defining criteria for S. tumefaciens raises questions about the validity of the species. Further sampling and genetic characterization of isolates is needed to understand the species in cats and their zoonotic potential.


Assuntos
Gatos/parasitologia , Colo/patologia , Hiperplasia/parasitologia , Estrongiloidíase/veterinária , Zoonoses/parasitologia , Animais , Colo/citologia , Colo/parasitologia , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Fezes/parasitologia , Helmintos/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Strongyloides stercoralis/patogenicidade , Estrongiloidíase/epidemiologia , Índias Ocidentais , Zoonoses/patologia
16.
BMC Evol Biol ; 19(1): 145, 2019 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China is an important biogeographical zone in which the genetic legacies of the Tertiary and Quaternary periods are abundant, and the contemporary geography environment plays an important role in species distribution. Therefore, many biogeographical studies have focused on the organisms of the region, especially zooplankton, which is essential in the formation of biogeographical principles. Moreover, the generality of endemism also reinforces the need for detailed regional studies of zooplankton. Bosmina, a group of cosmopolitan zooplankton, is difficult to identify by morphology, and no genetic data are available to date to assess this species complex in China. In this study, 48 waterbodies were sampled covering a large geographical and ecological range in China, the goal of this research is to explore the species distribution of Bosmina across China and to reveal the genetic information of this species complex, based on two genetic markers (a mtDNA 16S and a nuclear ITS). The diversity of taxa in the Bosmina across China was investigated using molecular tools for the first time. RESULTS: Two main species were detected in 35 waterbodies: an endemic east Asia B. fatalis, and the B. longirostris that has a Holarctic distribution. B. fatalis had lower genetic polymorphism and population differentiation than B. longirostris. B. fatalis was preponderant in central and eastern China, whereas B. longirostris was dominated in western China. The third lineage (B. hagmanni) was only detected in a reservoir (CJR) of eastern China (Guangdong province). Bosmina had limited distribution on the Tibetan plateau. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that the biogeography of Bosmina appear to be affected by historical events (Pleistocene glaciations) and contemporary environment (such as altitude, eutrophication and isolated habitat).


Assuntos
Cladóceros/genética , DNA Intergênico/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Variação Genética , Animais , Núcleo Celular/genética , China , Ecossistema , Marcadores Genéticos , Geografia , Haplótipos/genética , Funções Verossimilhança , Mitocôndrias/genética , Filogenia , Polimorfismo Genético , Zooplâncton/genética
17.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 2856-2866, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314163

RESUMO

4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is an important product of plasma membrane lipid peroxidation, which is a cause of cell and tissue injury. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-depleted ρ0 cells were established using human cervical cancer and oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. We investigated the effect of reactive oxygen species in ρ0 cells, especially the mechanism of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-mediated cell death. These cell were subjected to high oxidative stress and, compared with their parental cells, showed greater sensitivity to H2 O2 and high lipid peroxidation. Upregulation of HNE in the plasma membrane was observed prior to the increase in intracellular H2 O2 . The amount of oxidized lipid present changed H2 O2 permeability and administration of oxidized lipid led to further cell death after treatment with H2 O2 . Expression levels of lipoxygenase ALOX genes (ie ALOX5, ALOX12, and ALOX15) were upregulated in ρ0 cells, as were expression levels of ALOX12 and ALOX15 proteins. ALOX5 protein was mainly distributed in the nucleus, while ALOX12 and ALOX15 proteins were distributed in the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Although expression of COX2 gene was upregulated, its protein expression did not increase. ALOX (especially ALOX15) may be involved in the sensitivity of cancer cells to treatment. These data offer promise for the development of novel anticancer agents by altering the oxidation state of the plasma membrane. Our results showed that lipid peroxidation status is important for H2 O2 sensitivity and that ALOX15 is involved in lipid peroxidation status.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/administração & dosagem , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Aldeídos/metabolismo , Araquidonato 15-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Complexo de Proteínas da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Complexo de Proteínas da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/metabolismo , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacocinética , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Éteres Fosfolipídicos/administração & dosagem , Regulação para Cima
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(5): 505-509, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177728

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the distribution of mitochondrial haplogroups and their correlation with neurocognitive disorder (NCD) in HIV positive individuals. Methods: Baseline data were from the prospective cohort study of comparative HIV and aging research in Taizhou of Zhejiang province from January to December, 2017. A cross-sectional survey was performed in 448 HIV positive individuals. Sanger method was used for the sequencing and genotyping of whole mitochondrial genome of HIV positive individuals. NCD prevalence in the HIV positive individuals was assessed by Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) in questionnaire interviews. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the associations between mtDNA haplogroups and NCD. Results: In this sample, mitochondrial haplogroups D (19.6%, 88/448), B (19.4%, 87/448) and F(17.0%, 76/448) were the most predominant haplogroups. The overall prevalence rate of NCD was 20.3% (91/448), and was high in haplogroups A (23.1%, 9/39), D (21.6%, 19/88), F (26.3%, 20/76) and M7 groups (26.1%, 12/46), respectively. In multivariable logistic regression analysis after adjusting confounding factors, such as age and gender, compared with haplogroup A, there were no differences in the prevalence rate of NCD among HIV positive individuals with haplogroup B, D, F, M7, M8, N9, and others. Conclusion: The study explored primarily correlation between mitochondrial haplogroups and NCD among HIV positive individuals and suggested that there is no significant association between mitochondrial haplogroups and NCD, but further longitudinal investigation with large sample size of HIV positive population is needed to confirm this finding.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/genética , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , HIV-1/genética , Haplótipos , Humanos , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Parasitol Res ; 118(7): 2203-2211, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154527

RESUMO

Mitochondrial (mt) DNA has been useful in revealing the phylogenetic relationship of eukaryotic organisms including flatworms. Therefore, the use of mitogenomic data for the comparative and phylogenetic purposes is needed for those families of digenetic trematodes for which the mitogenomic data are still missing. Molecular data with sufficiently rich informative characters that can better resolve species identification, discrimination, and membership in different genera is also required for members of some morphologically difficult families of trematodes bearing few autapomorphic characters among its members. Here, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and the complete mt genome of the trematode Uvitellina sp. (Cyclocoelidae: Haematotrephinae) was determined and annotated. The mt genome of this avian trematode is 14,217 bp in length, containing 36 genes plus a single non-coding region. The ITS rDNA sequences were used for the pairwise sequence comparison of Uvitellina sp. with European cyclocoelid species, and the mitochondrial 12 protein-coding genes (PCGs) and two ribosomal RNA genes were used to evaluate the position of the family within selected trematodes. The ITS rDNA analysis of Uvitellina sp. showed less nucleotide differences with Hyptiasmus oculeus (16.77%) than with other European cyclocoelids (18.63-23.58%). The Bayesian inference (BI) analysis using the 12 mt PCGs and two rRNA genes supported the placement of the family Cyclocoelidae within the superfamily Echinostomatoidea (Plagiorchiida: Echinostmata). The availability of the mt genome sequences of Uvitellina sp. provides a novel resource of molecular markers for phylogenetic studies of Cyclocoelidae and other trematodes.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Echinostomatidae/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Mitocôndrias/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Teorema de Bayes , Aves/parasitologia , DNA Ribossômico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Echinostomatidae/classificação , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Parasitol Res ; 118(7): 2213-2221, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183599

RESUMO

The Centrorhynchidae (Acanthocephala: Palaeacanthocephala) is a cosmopolitan family commonly found in various avian and mammalian hosts. Within Centrorhynchidae, species of the genus Sphaerirostris Golvan, 1956 are usually parasitic in the digestive tract of various passerine birds. In the present study, adult specimens of Sphaerirostris picae (Rudolphi, 1819), the type species of this genus, were recovered from the small intestine of Acridotheres tristis (Sturnidae) and Dendrocitta vagabunda (Corvidae) in Pakistan. Molecular data from the nuclear or mitochondrial genome is either very limited or completely absent from this phylogenetically understudied group of acanthocephalans. To fill this knowledge gap, we sequenced and determined the internal transcribed spacers of ribosomal DNA (ITS rDNA) and the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of S. picae. The ITS rDNA of S. picae was 95.2% similar to that of Sphaerirostris lanceoides which is the only member of the Centrorhynchidae whose ITS rDNA is available in GenBank. The phylogenetic tree based on the amino acid sequences of 12 mt protein-coding genes (PCGs) placed S. picae close to Centrorhynchus aluconis in a monophyletic clade of Polymorphida which also contain members of the families Polymorphidae and Plagiorhynchidae on separate branches. The mt gene arrangement, nucleotide composition and codon usage of 12 PCGs were discussed and compared with those of other acanthocephalan mt genomes. Within the Centrorhynchidae, S. picae and C. aluconis showed 67.7-86.8% similarity in the nucleotide sequences of 12 PCGs and 2 rRNAs, where nad4L is the most conserved gene while atp6 is the least conserved. The similarity in amino acid sequences ranged from 68.1 to 91.8%, where cox1 was recorded as the most conserved gene, while atp6 is highly variable among 12 PCGs. This novel mt genome of S. picae provides genetic resources for further studies of phylogenetics and molecular epidemiology of acanthocephalans.


Assuntos
Acantocéfalos/classificação , Acantocéfalos/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Intestino Delgado/parasitologia , Passeriformes/parasitologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , ATPases Transportadoras de Cálcio/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/genética , DNA Intergênico/genética , DNA de Protozoário/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Paquistão , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico/genética
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