Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.733
Filtrar
1.
J Immunol ; 207(8): 1941-1947, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607907

RESUMO

Our organization, Black in Immuno (@BlackInImmuno), was formed in September 2020 to celebrate, support, and amplify Black voices in immunology when social media campaigns like #BlackInTheIvory illuminated the shared overt and covert issues of systemic racism faced by Black researchers in all facets of science, technology, engineering, art, and mathematics. Black in Immuno was cofounded by a group of Black immunology trainees working at multiple institutions globally: Joël Babdor, E. Evonne Jean, Elaine Kouame, Alexis S. Mobley, Justine C. Noel, and Madina Wane. We devised Black in Immuno Week, held November 22-28, 2020, as a global celebration of Black immunologists. The week was designed to advocate for increased diversity and accessibility in immunology, amplify Black excellence in immunology, and create a community of Black immunologists who can support each other to flourish despite barriers in academia and other job sectors. The week contained live panels and scientific talks, a casual networking mixer, online advocacy and amplification sessions, and a series of wellness events. Our live-streamed programs reached over 300 individuals, and thousands of people kept the conversations going globally using #BlackInImmuno and #BlackInImmunoWeek on social media from five continents. Below, we highlight the events and significant takeaways of the week.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Alergia e Imunologia/ética , Sistemas On-Line , Pesquisadores , Sucesso Acadêmico , Alergia e Imunologia/educação , Defesa do Consumidor , Humanos , Redes Sociais Online , Racismo , Inclusão Social , Estados Unidos , Webcasts como Assunto
2.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 1604036, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707472

RESUMO

Objectives: Many countries recently approved a number of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. There is therefore growing optimism around the world about their future availability and effectiveness. However, supplies are likely to be limited and restricted to certain categories of individuals, at least initially. Thus, governments have suggested prioritization schemes to allocate such limited supplies. The majority of such schemes are said to be developed to safeguard the weakest sections of society; that is, healthcare personnel and the elderly. Methods: In this work, we analyse three case studies (incarcerated people; homeless people, asylum seekers and undocumented migrants). We propose a bioethical argument that frames the discussion by describing the salient facts about each of the three populations and then argue that these characteristics entail inclusion and prioritization in the queue for vaccination in their country of residence. Results: Through an analysis informed by ethical considerations revolving around the concepts of fairness and equality, we try to raise awareness of these important issues among decision makers. Conclusion: Our goal is to advocate for the development of more inclusive policies and frameworks in SARS-CoV-2 vaccine allocation and, in general, in all scenarios in which there is a shortage of optimal care and treatments.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Defesa do Consumidor , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde , Populações Vulneráveis , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra COVID-19/provisão & distribuição , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Refugiados , Marginalização Social , Vacinação
4.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 19(1): 100, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Public health advocacy strategies facilitate policy change by bringing key health issues to the forefront of public and political discourse, influencing decision-makers and public opinion, and increasing policy demand. The Victorian Salt Reduction Partnership (VSRP) was established in 2014 in response to inadequate government action to improve population diets in Australia. This study aimed to evaluate the success of the VSRP's advocacy strategy in achieving policy change. METHODS: Documentation of VSRP activities and outputs were collected, and semi-structured interviews conducted as part of a comprehensive process evaluation. For this study, the Kotter Plus 10-step public health advocacy evaluation framework was used to guide data extraction, analysis, and synthesis. RESULTS: A sense of urgency for salt reduction was generated by producing evidence and outlining the potential impact of a state-based salt reduction programme. This enabled the creation of a coalition with diverse skills and expertise, which facilitated the development of an innovative and collaborative advocacy action plan. A clear change vision was established, but communication of the vision to decision-makers was lacking, which reduced the impact of the programme as decision-makers were not provided with a clear incentive for policy change. As a result, while programme outputs were achieved, these did not translate to achieving broader strategic goals during a limited-term intervention in a political climate unconcerned with salt. CONCLUSIONS: The Kotter Plus 10-step framework was a useful tool for evaluating the success of the VSRP advocacy strategy. The framework enabled the identification of key strengths, including the creation of the guiding coalition, and areas where efforts could be improved in future similar strategies, such as effective communication within partnerships and to decision-makers, to better influence policy and improve public health impact.


Assuntos
Defesa do Consumidor , Política de Saúde , Austrália , Humanos , Formulação de Políticas , Saúde Pública
6.
J Aging Stud ; 57: 100938, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083005

RESUMO

While the government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic have varied across the globe, there has been a unifying cry from academia and public health professionals warning of the detrimental effects of attaching our understanding of this new threat to our already ageist attitudes. What is inescapable is that COVID-19 has an age-related risk component and the latest data shows that risks start to rise for people from midlife onwards. As governance agencies, professional practice, and academia work towards assessing, communicating, and addressing this risk, we ask: are existing gerontological conceptualisations of ageism appropriate for this exceptional situation and what is being (re)produced in terms of an aged subjectivity? Following van Dyk's (2016) critique of gerontology's 'othering' through both 'glorification' (third age) and 'abjection' (fourth age), a content analysis of statements and policy documents issued in response to COVID-19 provides evidence of well-meaning and inadvertent ageism through homogenizing language, the abjection/glorification binary within 'old age', and the power binary constructed between age and an age-neutral midlife. The paper concludes with reflections on future directions for ageism research beyond COVID-19.


Assuntos
Ageismo/psicologia , Ageismo/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/psicologia , Defesa do Consumidor/psicologia , Defesa do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Geriatria , Idoso , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
8.
J Health Commun ; 26(4): 281-288, 2021 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34010112

RESUMO

U.S. Latinos are 1.5 times more likely to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD) than non-Latino Whites. To raise awareness of and action around this rising public health issue, Salud America!, a national Latino health advocacy network, organized three #SaludTues tweetchats on Twitter between 2018 and 2020. For the three Alzheimer's tweetchats ─Aug. 14, 2018, June 6, 2019, and Oct. 6, 2020─Salud America! partnered with global groups that advocate for AD solutions in Latino and other communities. We analyzed the three tweetchats' #Saludtues hashtag usage, participant demographics, and other metrics using Symplur analytics software. For the first tweetchat in 2018, there were 579 tweets with a total of 3.89 million impressions; the second tweetchat in 2019 had a bigger impact with 704 tweets with 5.72 million impressions; the third tweetchat had the biggest impact with 932 tweets and 6.62 million impressions. Most tweetchat participants were from states with large Latino populations, and most tweets indicated positive sentiment related to increasing awareness of solutions to AD issues among Latinos. The three Alzheimer's-focused #SaludTues tweetchats particularly served as unique testing grounds for the fast dissemination and increasingly exposed many people to the issue of AD and the need to advocate for the Latino community.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/etnologia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Mídias Sociais , Defesa do Consumidor , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos
10.
Health Promot Pract ; 22(3): 293-294, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899525
11.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0250875, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The standard method of sharing information in academia is the scientific journal. Yet health advocacy requires alternative methods to reach key stakeholders to drive change. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of social media and public narrative for advocacy in matters of firearm-related injury and death. STUDY DESIGN: The movement This Is Our Lane was evaluated through the #ThisIsOurLane and #ThisIsMyLane hashtags. Sources were assessed from November 2018 through March 2019. Analyses specifically examined message volume, time course, global engagement, and content across Twitter, scientific literature, and mass media. Twitter data were analyzed via Symplur Signals. Scientific literature reviews were performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Mass media was compiled using Access World News/Newsbank, Newspaper Source, and Google. RESULTS: A total of 507,813 tweets were shared using #ThisIsOurLane, #ThisIsMyLane, or both (co-occurrence 21-39%). Fifteen scientific items and n = 358 mass media publications were published during the study period; the latter included articles, blogs, television interviews, petitions, press releases, and audio interviews/podcasts. Peak messaging appeared first on Twitter on November 10th, followed by mass media on November 12th and 20th, and scientific publications during December. CONCLUSIONS: Social media enables clinicians to quickly disseminate information about a complex public health issue like firearms to the mainstream media, scientific community, and general public alike. Humanized data resonates with people and has the ability to transcend the barriers of language, culture, and geography. Showing society the reality of caring for firearm-related injuries through healthcare worker stories via digital media appears to be effective in shaping the public agenda and influencing real-world events.


Assuntos
Defesa do Consumidor , Pessoal de Saúde , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/prevenção & controle , Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Saúde Pública/métodos , Mídias Sociais , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/psicologia
12.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 19(1): 26, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The unacceptably high rate of maternal and child mortality in Nigeria prompted the government to introduce a free maternal and child health (MCH) programme, which was stopped abruptly following a change in government. This triggered increased advocacy for sustaining MCH as a political priority in the country and led to the formation of advocacy coalitions. This study set out to explain the process involved in the formation of advocacy coalition groups and how they work to bring about sustained political prioritization for MCH in Nigeria. It will contribute to the understanding of the Nigerian MCH sector subsystem and will be beneficial to health policy advocates and public health researchers in Nigeria. METHODS: This study employed a qualitative case study approach. Data were collected using a pretested interview guide to conduct 22 in-depth interviews, while advocacy events were reviewed pro forma. The document review was analysed using the manual content analysis method, while qualitative data audiotapes were transcribed verbatim, anonymized, double-coded in MS Word using colour-coded highlights and analysed using manual thematic and framework analysis guided by the advocacy coalition framework (ACF). The ACF was used to identify the policy subsystem including the actors, their belief, coordination and resources, as well as the effects of advocacy groups on policy change. Ethics and consent approval were obtained for the study. RESULTS: The policy subsystem identified the actors and characterized the coalitions, and described their group formation processes and resources/strategies for engagement. The perceived deep core belief driving the MCH agenda is the right of an individual to health. The effects of advocacy groups on policy change were identified, along with the factors that enabled effectiveness, as well as constraints to coalition formation. External factors and triggers of coalition formation were identified to include high maternal mortality and withdrawal of the free MCH programme, while the contextual issues were the health system issues and the socioeconomic factors affecting the country. CONCLUSION: Our findings add to an increasing body of evidence that the use of ACF is beneficial in exploring how advocacy coalitions are formed and in identifying the effects of advocacy groups on policy change.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Política de Saúde , Criança , Defesa do Consumidor , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Nigéria , Saúde Pública
14.
J Psychiatr Pract ; 27(2): 121-125, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656818

RESUMO

There have been shifts over time in the value placed on long-term psychotherapeutic modalities even though they can be life-saving. For example, the province of Ontario in Canada has been dealing with a government proposal put forward in 2019 to limit the length of psychotherapy treatment. In response, stakeholders from numerous groups came together to advocate for the importance of continuing unrestricted access to long-term psychotherapy. Approaches to this advocacy then had to unexpectedly adapt to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that came to the forefront in 2020 and will continue to develop in response to this changing landscape.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Defesa do Consumidor , Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Saúde Mental/legislação & jurisprudência , Psicoterapia/legislação & jurisprudência , Psicoterapia/métodos , Humanos , Ontário , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...