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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5311-5327, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: MiR-221, often described both as an oncogenic microRNA and as a tumour suppressor, targets mRNAs involved in carcinogenesis. While other oncogenic microRNAs showed correlations with prostate cancer cell lines' aggressiveness, miR-221 showed an unusual overexpression in PC3. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CRISPR was used to delete miR-221 from PC3 cells. Analysing the characteristics of PC3miR-221del cells, a reduced growth rate and expression of cell-cycle genes was observed. In global gene expression/ontology analysis of PC3miR-221del cells, cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesion pathways were found to be greatly affected. In addition, reduced levels of adhesion, invasion and motility for PC3miR-221del cells, a change in F-actin localisation and a reduction of EMT markers were observed. RESULTS: The tumour suppressor gene, DIRAS3, was a predicted target of miR-221. In PC3miR-221del cells DIRAS3 was up-regulated at the gene and protein level. Ectopic expression of DIRAS3 in PC3wt cells recapitulated the cellular morphology changes seen in PC3miR-221del cells. DIRAS3 3'UTR was more stable in PC3miR-221del cells, as measured by semi-quantitative PCR and luciferase fusion reporter assays. CONCLUSION: MiR-221 promotes aggressiveness of PC3 cells by down-regulating DIRAS3, and promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.


Assuntos
Adesão Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Deleção de Sequência/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Oncogenes/genética , Células PC-3 , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética
2.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 72(7-8): 273-277, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517460

RESUMO

Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) represent a relatively rare and heterogeneous clinical entity with mutations identified in three genes. Both sporadic and familial forms have been reported. We present a young female patient with episodic paresthesia and headaches, but without acute neurological deficits. Her mother had a hemorrhaged cavernoma surgically removed 21 years ago. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple cavernous malformations in the size of a few millimeters and the ophthalmologic exam detected retinal blood vessel tortuosity in the proband. Targeted exome sequencing analysis identified a nonsense mutation in exon 16 of the KRIT1 gene, which resulted in a premature stop codon and a truncated protein underlying the abnormal development of cerebral and retinal blood vessels. This mutation with pathogenic significance has been reported before. Our case points to the importance of a thorough clinical and molecular work up despite the uncertain neurological complaints, since life style recommendations, imaging monitoring and genetic counseling may have major significance in the long term health of the patient.


Assuntos
Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Proteína KRIT1/genética , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Mutação , Parestesia/etiologia , Linhagem , Deleção de Sequência/genética
3.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(8): 988-997, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484900

RESUMO

Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a rare low-grade B-cell lymphoma. This report focuses on WM in Japan. Regarding epidemiology, per the 2016 registry data by the Japanese Society of Hematology, WM and lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) cases were 229 and 125, respectively (1.97% of 17,957 mature lymphoid malignancies), with the annual incidence of WM/LPL in Japan 2.8 per million. In addition, 6q deletion (6q del) is the leading aberration and one of the poor prognostic factors in WM. Our findings suggested that the serum IgM level was higher in WM with 6q del compared with those without, and the B-cell receptor signaling pathway and IL-21 receptor expression were activated in WM with 6q del. Hence, these findings might be attributed to the aggressiveness of the WM with 6q del. Regarding treatment, recent studies investigating the epidemiological treatment pattern for WM have reported rituximab (R) monotherapy and alkylating regimen (±R) as the leading initial treatment. Nevertheless, ideal treatment algorithm in Japan warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células B , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom , Humanos , Japão , Deleção de Sequência
4.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(9): 699-702, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475558

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study is to demonstrate a causal link between two distinct diagnoses, the hereditary hearing loss, and the sudden sensorineural hearing loss. BACKGROUND: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is an emergency condition in otolaryngology and a rare diagnosis in childhood. Most often it only affects one ear and its cause remains unknown. METHODS: We present a clinical study of a 10-year-old female patient presenting with bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss analyzed by Sanger sequencing of the GJB2 gene. RESULTS: The subject was referred to the hospital for bilateral sudden hearing loss which developed 3 days before the admission. Audiometric testing confirmed bilateral asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss. All routine diagnostic procedures including MRI and CT imaging showed normal results. She was treated with intravenous and intratympanic corticosteroids followed by hyperbaric oxygen therapy with partial hearing recovery in one ear. DNA analysis of the GJB2 gene identified biallelic c.35delG deletion. The subject had no other affected family members and her auditory development to that time was normal. CONCLUSION: Our finding extends the knowledge on phenotype variability in GJB2 variants. We suggest considering genetic testing in pediatric cases of bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (Tab. 1, Fig. 4, Ref. 24).


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Perda Auditiva Súbita/genética , Criança , Conexinas/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Deleção de Sequência
5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446694

RESUMO

Summary Mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) deletion is a rare occurrence that results in defects to oxidative phosphorylation. The common clinical presentations of mtDNA deletion vary but include mitochondrial myopathy, Pearson syndrome, Kearns-Sayre syndrome, and progressive external ophthalmoplegia. However, in clinical practice, some cases cannot be classified as any typical syndrome due to the absence or overlap of phenotypes. Here, we report one case of a 5-year-old girl who presented with progressive deterioration of her clinical status, which included systemic electrolyte disturbance, Fanconi syndrome and sensorineural hearing loss. Through a combination of systematic examinations and molecular analyses, mitochondrial disease was confirmed. A novel 6991-base pair deletion(deletion of mtDNA nt 7808-14798) was identified which confirmed molecular pathogeny of patient. Following treatment, the patient was stabilized and her hearing loss improved by hearing aid. This paper provided an important reference for the diagnosis and treatment of similar patients in clinical practice.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Doenças Mitocondriais/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Pré-Escolar , Síndrome de Fanconi/genética , Feminino , Auxiliares de Audição , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/terapia , Humanos
6.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 349, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AFP is a negative regulator of ABA signaling that promotes ABI5 protein degradation and weakens regulation of ABA signaling by targeting upstream genes of ABI5, and TaABI5 gene was seed-specific, and accumulated during wheat grain maturation and dormancy acquisition, which played an important role in seed dormancy; TaAFP has a conserved domain with AFP, so TaAFP may also play an important role in seed dormancy in wheat. RESULTS: Two allelic variants of TaAFP were identified on chromosome 2BS in common wheat, and designated as TaAFP-B1a and TaAFP-B1b. Sequence analysis showed a 4-bp deletion in the 5'UTR region of TaAFP-B1b compared with TaAFP-B1a. Based on the 4-bp deletion, a co-dominant functional marker of TaAFP-B was developed and designated as AFPB. The genotype generating a 203-bp fragment (TaAFP-B1b) was more resistant to pre-harvest sprouting than the genotype producing a 207-bp fragment (TaAFP-B1a) in a test of 91 white-grained Chinese wheat cultivars and advanced lines. The average germination index(GI) values of TaAFP-B1a and that of TaAFP-B1b were 45.18 and 30.72%, respectively, indicating a significant difference (P < 0.001). Moreover, the 4-bp deletion located in the 5'UTR not only affected the transcription level of TaAFP-B but also affected the mRNA decay, reduced the translation level of GUS and tdTomatoER and GUS activity in wheat leaves of transient expression. The transcript expression and the mRNA half-life value of TaAFP-B1a in developing seeds and mature seeds were much higher than those of TaAFP-B1b. CONCLUSION: We identified a 4-bp InDel in the 5'UTR of TaAFP-B, which affected the mRNA transcription level, mRNA decay, translation levels of GUS and tdTomatoER, GUS activity, and was significantly associated with seed dormancy in common wheat. A functional marker was developed and validated based on this InDel.


Assuntos
Dormência de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Triticum/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas/genética , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Desenvolvimento Vegetal/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Deleção de Sequência , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
7.
Gene ; 718: 144072, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446095

RESUMO

Disorders of sex development (DSDs) are congenital conditions in which chromosomal, gonadal and sex is atypical. It is difficult to diagnose and manage patients with DSD in clinical practice, and the molecular etiology of DSD is still not completely understood. Here, we identified two novel pathogenic mutations from three unrelated Chinese patients with 46,XY complete gonadal dysgenesis (CGD) that is a clinical subgroup of DSD by whole exome sequencing. A novel mutation in the SRY gene (c.161delG) was identified in the first patient, and the second patient carried a novel missense mutation in the MAP3K1 gene (c.2117T>G). Bioinformatics analysis found that the deletion of SRY (c.161delG) led to a premature stop codon at amino acid 59 in the SRY protein, which resulted in lacking the DNA binding domain of SRY protein. Functional studies found that the missense mutation in the MAP3K1 gene (c.2117T>G) could interfere with the gene function through increasing the phosphorylation of the downstream targets of MAP3K1, ERK1/2 and p38, which resulted in reducing testis-determining factor SOX9 expression and increasing ovary-promoting factor ß-catenin activity. According to the American college of medical genetics and genomics (ACMG) standards and guidelines, these mutations were categorized as "pathogenic" mutations. Thus, our findings provide two novel pathogenic mutations associated with 46,XY CGD that can improve the etiological diagnosis for 46,XY CGD. ABBREVIATIONS.


Assuntos
Sequência de Bases , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinase 1 , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Deleção de Sequência , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Feminino , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/genética , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/metabolismo , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/patologia , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinase 1/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinase 1/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Masculino , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo , Proteína da Região Y Determinante do Sexo/genética , Proteína da Região Y Determinante do Sexo/metabolismo
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(8): 798-800, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify potential mutations of the CLS gene in a Chinese pedigree affected with Coffin-Lowry syndrome. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was applied to detect potential mutation in the proband, and the result was verified by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The proband was found to carry a c.966_967delAA (p.Arg323Thr fs*11) deletional mutation in the RPS6KA3 gene. The same mutation was also found in his mother. CONCLUSION: The c.966_967delAA (p.Arg323Thr fs*11) deletional mutation of the RPS6KA3 gene probably underlies the disorder in this pedigree.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Coffin-Lowry/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 90-kDa/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Humanos , Mutação , Linhagem , Deleção de Sequência
9.
J Med Microbiol ; 68(10): 1479-1488, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380734

RESUMO

Purpose. Fungal infections have increased in recent decades, with Candida albicans being the fourth most common aetiological agent of nosocomial infections. Disaccharide trehalose has been proposed as a target for the development of new antifungals. In C. albicans we have examined the susceptibility shown by two mutants deficient in trehalose biosynthesis, namely tps1Δ and tps2Δ, to amphotericin B (AmB) and micafungin (MF).Methodology. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were calculated according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) criteria. Cell viability was assessed by cell counting. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the mitochondrial membrane potential were measured by flow cytometry, while the trehalose content and biofilm formation were determined by enzymatic assays.Results. While the tps1Δ mutant was highly sensitive to AmB exposure, its resistance to MF was similar to that of the wild-type. Notably, the opposite phenotype was recorded in the tps2Δ mutant. In turn, MF induced a significant level of endogenous ROS production in the parental SC5314 and tps2Δ cells, whereas the ROS formation in tps1Δ cells was virtually undetectable. The level of endogenous ROS correlated positively with the rise in mitochondrial activity. Only AmB was able to promote intracellular synthesis of trehalose in the parental strain; it was absent from tps1Δ cells and showed low levels in tps2Δ, confirming the unspecific dephosphorylation of trehalose-6P in C. albicans. Furthermore, the capacity of both tps1Δ and tps2Δ mutants to form biofilms was drastically reduced after AmB exposure, whereas it increased in tps1Δ cells treated with MF.Conclusion. Our data lend weight to the idea of using trehalose biosynthesis as a potential target for antifungal therapy.


Assuntos
Anfotericina B/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/enzimologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Glucosiltransferases/genética , Micafungina/farmacologia , Trealose/biossíntese , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/genética , Candida albicans/fisiologia , Candidíase/microbiologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Glucosiltransferases/metabolismo , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Deleção de Sequência
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16504, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348261

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Autosomal recessive distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is a rare condition, most cases of which are caused by genetic mutations. Several loss-of-function mutations in the ATP6V0A4 gene have been recently reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 2-month, 24-day-old Chinese girl presenting with vomiting and diarrhea. DIAGNOSIS: dRTA was established by metabolic acidosis and hypokalemia. Mutational analysis of the ATP6V0A4 gene revealed a homozygous deletion of exons 13 and 14. The father was found to have a heterozygous loss of both exons, whereas the mother was normal. INTERVENTIONS: Patient was treated with potassium citrate. OUTCOMES: The patient has shown normal pH and potassium levels. LESSONS: This is the first case of a homozygous deletion in ATP6V0A4 reported in the literature. Although the initial auditory screening was normal in this case, this patient will nevertheless undergo long-term auditory testing.


Assuntos
Acidose Tubular Renal/genética , Acidose/tratamento farmacológico , Acidose/etiologia , Acidose Tubular Renal/complicações , Acidose Tubular Renal/diagnóstico , China , Feminino , Homozigoto , Humanos , Hipopotassemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Lactente , Citrato de Potássio/uso terapêutico , Deleção de Sequência
11.
BMC Evol Biol ; 19(1): 143, 2019 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our laboratory identified ADGRL4/ELTD1, an orphan GPCR belonging to the adhesion GPCR (aGPCR) family, as a novel regulator of angiogenesis and a potential anti-cancer therapeutic target. Little is known about how ADGRL4/ELTD1 (and aGPCRs in general) function, a problem compounded by a lack of known ligands or means of activation. With this in mind, we turned to computational evolutionary biology with the aim of better understanding ADGRL4/ELTD1. RESULTS: We identified ADGRL4/ELTD1 as a highly conserved early angiogenic gene which emerged in the first true vertebrates (bony fish) approximately 435 million years ago (mya), evolving alongside key angiogenic genes VEGFR2 and DLL4. We identified 3 evolutionary ADGRL4/ELTD1 variants based on EGF domain deletions with variant 2 first emerging 101 mya (95% CI 96-105) in Afrotheria and 82 mya (95% CI 76-89) in Primates. Additionally, conservation mapping across all orthologues reveals highest level conservation in EGF Ca binding domain 1, suggesting that this motif plays an essential role, as well as specific regions of the GAIN domain, GPS motif and 7TM domain, suggesting possible activation mechanisms and ligand binding positions. Additionally, we found that ADGRL4/ELTD1 (a member aGPCR family 1) is possibly ancestral to members of aGPCR family 2. CONCLUSION: This work establishes ADGRL4/ELTD1's evolution, sheds light on its possible activation and ligand binding zones, and establishes the first temporal references for the emergence of ADGRL4/ELTD1 variants during vertebrate evolution. Our approach is applicable to the greater aGPCR family and opens up new avenues for future experimental work.


Assuntos
Sequência Conservada , Evolução Molecular , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Vertebrados/genética , Animais , Adesão Celular , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Peixes/genética , Humanos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/genética , Filogenia , Domínios Proteicos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/química , Deleção de Sequência , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16302, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277167

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Researchers have evaluated the associations between mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) 4977 bp deletion and presbycusis. This study aimed to assess the differences of mtDNA 4977 bp deletion between presbycusis patients and controls by conducting a meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: Databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Data were searched to collect case-control studies on the correlation between mitochondrial DNA 4977 bp deletion and presbycusis. The research findings of related articles were collected according to the inclusion criteria. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Meanwhile, subgroup analysis was performed to examine the source of heterogeneity. Revman 5.3 and Stata 12.0 software were used for data synthesis. RESULTS: Eight English and Chinese studies were included in the meta-analysis, the results of which showed that mitochondrial DNA 4977 bp deletion could increase the risk of presbycusis (OR = 8.16, 95% CI: 3.51-18.99), and the difference was statistically significant (P <. 01). Analysis of the polled OR showed the incidence of mtDNA 4977 bp deletion was 8.50 times higher in Asians with presbycusis than in the control group. And the OR in the studies of occidentals was 7.24. Sample source analysis was also performed with the sample source divided by temporal bone source and other sources (hair and blood). The OR was 4.18 and 22.36 for the temporal bone and other sources, respectively. CONCLUSION: Mitochondrial DNA 4977 bp deletion could increase the risk of presbycusis.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Presbiacusia/genética , Deleção de Sequência/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos
13.
Arch Virol ; 164(10): 2621-2625, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350613

RESUMO

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a deadly epizootic swine coronavirus that is of importance to the world pork industry. Since the re-emergence of the virulent genotype 2b (G2b) in 2014, Jeju Island in South Korea has faced periodic outbreaks, leading to the occurrence of endemics in provincial herds. In this study, we examined the complete genome sequences and molecular characteristics of novel G2b PEDV variants with a two-amino-acid deletion in the neutralizing epitope of the spike (S) gene, which were concurrently identified on a re-infected farm and its neighboring farm on Jeju Island. Whole-genome sequencing of the Jeju S-DEL isolates KNU-1829 and KNU-1830 revealed the presence of a continuous 9-nucleotide deletion within the nonstructural protein coding region. Their genomes were 28,023 nucleotides in length, 15 nucleotides shorter than those of the classical G2b PEDV strains. The two S-DEL isolates had 96.4-99.2% and 98.3-99.7% identity at the S-gene and full-genome level, respectively, to other global G2b PEDV strains. Genetic and antigenic analyses indicated that the S-DEL isolates are most closely related to the primary strain identified from the initial exposure at the same farm, but the virus appears to undergo continuous evolution, possibly leading to antigenic drift under recurrent or endemic pressure. This study provides important information about the antigenic diversity of PEDV circulating in the endemic areas, which arises from continuous non-lethal mutations to ensure viral fitness in the host environment.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Surtos de Doenças , Genoma Viral , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Animais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Fazendas , Ordem dos Genes , Ilhas/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/classificação , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/isolamento & purificação , RNA Viral/genética , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 701-703, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with Bartter's syndrome (BS). METHODS: Panel-based next-generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out to detect mutation in BS-related genes SLC12A1, KCNJ1, BSND and CLCNKB. Sanger sequencing of MAGED2 gene and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were also performed on the patient. Suspected mutation was validated in her family members. RESULTS: No pathogenic mutation was detected by NGS, while a 0.152 Mb microdeletion at Xp11.21 (54 834 585-54 986 301) was found in the male fetus, which removed the entire coding region of the MAGED2 gene. His mother was a heterozygous carrier of the deletion. His father and sister did not carry the same deletion. CONCLUSION: The loss of the MAGED2 gene may underlie the BS in this pedigree.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Síndrome de Bartter/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 704-707, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis of a child featuring intellectual disability, developmental delay and epilepsy. METHODS: Cytogenetic and molecular analysis including chromosomal karyotyping analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and qPCR were performed. RESULTS: The karyotype of the child was determined as 46, XX; SNP array: arr [19]21q22.12q22.13(36 860 195-38 801 482)×1 dn. A heterozygous 1.9 Mb microdeletion was detected at 21q22.12q22.13. qPCR has confirmed deletion of exon 1 of the DYRK1A gene, which has occurred de novo. CONCLUSION: A 21q22 deletion was diagnosed with multiple genetic methods. Genotype-phenotype correlation suggested DYRK1A to be a candidate for intellectual disability.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Epilepsia/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Deleção de Sequência , Criança , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Cariotipagem
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 708-711, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To correlate genotype with clinical phenotype of a child featuring multiple congenital malformations. METHODS: Clinical examination of the patient was carried out. Chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) was employed to detect genomic copy number variations (CNVs), and quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used for verifying the result. RESULTS: The child had congenital heart disease (ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and tricuspid regurgitation), psychomotor retardation, agenesis of corpus callosum, hypospadias and scoliosis. CMA has detected a 1.8 Mb deletion at 7p22.3, a 1.8 Mb duplication at 7p22.3p22.2 and a 23.5 Mb duplication at 7q33q36.3 in the fetus, all of which were de novo in origin. CONCLUSION: CMA can precisely detect microdeletion/duplications and facilitate the genotype-phenotype correlation analysis.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 7/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Criança , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo , Deleção de Sequência
18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2588, 2019 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197172

RESUMO

The brain is a genomic mosaic shaped by cellular responses to genome damage. Here, we manipulate somatic genome stability by conditional Knl1 deletion from embryonic mouse brain. KNL1 mutations cause microcephaly and KNL1 mediates the spindle assembly checkpoint, a safeguard against chromosome missegregation and aneuploidy. We find that following Knl1 deletion, segregation errors in mitotic neural progenitor cells give rise to DNA damage on the missegregated chromosomes. This triggers rapid p53 activation and robust apoptotic and microglial phagocytic responses that extensively eliminate cells with somatic genome damage, thus causing microcephaly. By leaving only karyotypically normal progenitors to continue dividing, these mechanisms provide a second safeguard against brain somatic aneuploidy. Without Knl1 or p53-dependent safeguards, genome-damaged cells are not cleared, alleviating microcephaly, but paradoxically leading to total pre-weaning lethality. Thus, mitotic genome damage activates robust responses to eliminate somatic mutant cells, which if left unpurged, can impact brain and organismal fitness.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Microcefalia/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/fisiologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Segregação de Cromossomos/genética , Dano ao DNA/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Embrião de Mamíferos , Instabilidade Genômica , Humanos , Cinetocoros/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Cultura Primária de Células , Deleção de Sequência , Fuso Acromático/metabolismo
19.
Nature ; 571(7763): 107-111, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217582

RESUMO

Large-scale genome sequencing is poised to provide a substantial increase in the rate of discovery of disease-associated mutations, but the functional interpretation of such mutations remains challenging. Here we show that deletions of a sequence on human chromosome 16 that we term the intestine-critical region (ICR) cause intractable congenital diarrhoea in infants1,2. Reporter assays in transgenic mice show that the ICR contains a regulatory sequence that activates transcription during the development of the gastrointestinal system. Targeted deletion of the ICR in mice caused symptoms that recapitulated the human condition. Transcriptome analysis revealed that an unannotated open reading frame (Percc1) flanks the regulatory sequence, and the expression of this gene was lost in the developing gut of mice that lacked the ICR. Percc1-knockout mice displayed phenotypes similar to those observed upon ICR deletion in mice and patients, whereas an ICR-driven Percc1 transgene was sufficient to rescue the phenotypes found in mice that lacked the ICR. Together, our results identify a gene that is critical for intestinal function and underscore the need for targeted in vivo studies to interpret the growing number of clinical genetic findings that do not affect known protein-coding genes.


Assuntos
Diarreia/congênito , Diarreia/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Genes , Intestinos/fisiologia , Deleção de Sequência/genética , Animais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 16/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Genes Reporter , Loci Gênicos/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Ativação Transcricional , Transcriptoma/genética , Transgenes/genética
20.
Microbiol Res ; 223-225: 22-32, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31178048

RESUMO

The Deinococcus radiodurans multipartite genome consists of 2 chromosomes and 2 plasmids Its genome encodes 4 ParA and 4 ParB proteins on different replicons. Multiple sequence alignments of ParBs encoded on these genome elements showed that ParB of primary chromosome (ParB1) is close to chromosomal type ParB and is found to be different from ParBs encoded on chromosome II (ParB2) and megaplasmid (ParB3) elements. We observed that ParB1, ParB2 and ParB3 exist as dimer in solution and these proteins interact to self but not to its homologs in D. radiodurans, suggesting the specificity in ParBs dimerization. The parB1 deletion mutant showed slow growth under normal condition and relatively reduced resistance to γ-radiation as compared to wild type. The parB2 and parB3 mutants maintained without selection pressure showed loss of radioresistance, which was not observed when maintained with selection pressure. Nearly half of the populations of these mutants showed resistance to antibiotics marked to respective genome elements. Interestingly, all the parB mutants showed increased copy numbers of cognate genome element in cells maintained with antibiotics possibly due to arrest in genome segregation. These results suggested that ParB proteins encoded on multipartite genome system in D. radiodurans form homodimer and not heterodimer with other ParB homologs, and they independently regulate the segregation of respective genome elements. The roles of ParB1 proteins in normal as well as radiation stressed growth of this bacterium have also been ascertained.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Deinococcus/genética , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Cromossomos Bacterianos/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Deinococcus/efeitos da radiação , Escherichia coli/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Plasmídeos , Ligação Proteica , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Alinhamento de Sequência , Deleção de Sequência
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