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1.
Food Chem ; 399: 133974, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998493

RESUMO

In this research, two sequential Dendrobium officinale water extracts (WDOE and WDOP1) were shown to significantly ameliorate type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) in a mouse model. WDOP1 was identified as a glucomannan with a backbone of 1,4-linked Manp and 1,4-linked Glcp and an average molecular weight of 731 kDa. We also found that both WDOE and WDOP1 could significantly alleviate glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, oxidative stress injury, serum lipid metabolism disturbances, and histopathological damage in T2DM mice. In addition, we demonstrated that WDOE and WDOP1 reversed gut dysbiosis by reshaping the microbiota spectrum in T2DM mice. It should be emphasized that both Dendrobium officinale extracts afforded beneficial effects in T2DM mice comparable to metformin, despite differences in examined dosages. In conclusion, we demonstrated that Dendrobium officinale derivatives have potential as T2DM management nutraceuticals.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
2.
Food Chem ; 401: 134054, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103742

RESUMO

In this study, ultrasonic-assisted deep eutectic solvent (DES) method was used to extract flavonoids from Dendrobium officinale. The mechanism of DESs extraction differences was investigated by physicochemical characterization and molecular dynamics simulation experiments. Moreover, flavonoids from Dendrobium officinale were rapidly identified and quantitatively analyzed by UPLC-Triple-TOF/MS without removing DES. The results showed choline chloride-lactic acid (Chol-Lac) had the best extraction effect among forty groups of DESs, the extraction yield was up to 35.23 ± 2.12 mg/g. It was speculated that the tight hydrogen bond structure was the key to the better extraction ability of Chol-Lac. Meanwhile, the viscosity was the main physical parameter reflecting the hydrogen bond structure of DES. Fourteen flavonoid glycosides were identified, among which the content of rutin (1.94 ± 0.24 mg/g) was the highest. And the results of cluster analysis showed that different DESs had great differences in the extraction of flavonoid glycosides.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Flavonoides , Flavonoides/análise , Glicosídeos , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Solventes/química , Colina/química , Rutina , Ácido Láctico
3.
Food Chem ; 401: 134211, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122490

RESUMO

Dendrobium officinale is widely consumed owing to its numerous beneficial effects. We aimed to characterize polysaccharides of Dendrobium officinale (DOP) from the stems of Dendrobium officinale Xianhu 2 and clarify whether it benefit the intestinal microbiota and the immune system. The DOP weighed 291 kDa and comprised mannose, glucose, galactose, and rhamnose at 59.31:33.31:1.00:0.51 M ratio. In in vitro/vivo studies, DOP significantly increased benign intestinal microbe proportion (Lactobacillus, etc.), but reduced harmful bacteria (Escherichia_Shigella) (P < 0.05), and significantly increased butyric acid production (P < 0.05). Concentrations of 2 g/L DOP for in vitro fermentation and 100 mg/kg body weight for the mouse model were effective. In mice, DOP significantly reduced CRP, CD3, CD4, and TNF-α levels and increased C4 levels (P < 0.05). DOP might influence the immune system indirectly through regulation of the gut microbiota. Its possible regulation mechanism was that DOP reduced CD4+ Th cells proliferation so that reduced the secretion of TNF-α.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Camundongos , Animais , Manose , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Galactose , Ramnose , Ácido Butírico , Polissacarídeos , Carboidratos da Dieta , Glucose , Sistema Imunitário
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362389

RESUMO

APETALA2/Ethylene Responsive Factor (AP2/ERF) family plays important roles in reproductive development, stress responses and hormone responses in plants. However, AP2/ERF family has not been systematically studied in Dendrobium catenatum. In this study, 120 AP2/ERF family members were identified for the first time in D. catenatum, which were divided into four groups (AP2, RAV, ERF and DREB subfamily) according to phylogenetic analysis. Gene structures and conserved motif analysis showed that each DcAP2/ERF family gene contained at least one AP2 domain, and the distribution of motifs varied among subfamilies. Cis-element analysis indicated that DcAP2/ERF genes contained abundant cis-elements related to hormone signaling and stress response. To further identify potential genes involved in drought stress, 12 genes were selected to detect their expression under drought treatment through qRT-PCR analysis and DcAP2/ERF#96, a nuclear localized ethylene-responsive transcription factor, showed a strong response to PEG treatment. Overexpression of DcAP2/ERF#96 in Arabidopsis showed sensitivity to ABA. Molecular, biochemical and genetic assays indicated that DcAP2ERF#96 interacts with DREB2A and directly inhibits the expression of P5CS1 in response to the ABA signal. Taken together, our study provided a molecular basis for the intensive study of DcAP2/ERF genes and revealed the biological function of DcAP2ERF#96 involved in the ABA signal.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Dendrobium , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia , Dendrobium/genética , Dendrobium/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Evolução Molecular , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Família Multigênica , Etilenos , Hormônios
5.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 529, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, which contains rich polysaccharides, flavonoids and alkaloids, is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) with important economic benefits, while various pathogens have brought huge losses to its industrialization. NBS gene family is the largest class of plant disease resistance (R) genes, proteins of which are widely distributed in the upstream and downstream of the plant immune systems and are responsible for receiving infection signals and regulating gene expression respectively. It is of great significance for the subsequent disease resistance breeding of D. officinale to identify NBS genes by using the newly published high-quality chromosome-level D. officinale genome. RESULTS: In this study, a total of 655 NBS genes were uncovered from the genomes of D. officinale, D. nobile, D. chrysotoxum, V. planifolia, A. shenzhenica, P. equestris and A. thaliana. The phylogenetic results of CNL-type protein sequences showed that orchid NBS-LRR genes have significantly degenerated on branches a and b. The Dendrobium NBS gene homology analysis showed that the Dendrobium NBS genes have two obvious characteristics: type changing and NB-ARC domain degeneration. Because the NBS-LRR genes have both NB-ARC and LRR domains, 22 D. officinale NBS-LRR genes were used for subsequent analyses, such as gene structures, conserved motifs, cis-elements and functional annotation analyses. All these results suggested that D. officinale NBS-LRR genes take part in the ETI system, plant hormone signal transduction pathway and Ras signaling pathway. Finally, there were 1,677 DEGs identified from the salicylic acid (SA) treatment transcriptome data of D. officinale. Among them, six NBS-LRR genes (Dof013264, Dof020566, Dof019188, Dof019191, Dof020138 and Dof020707) were significantly up-regulated. However, only Dof020138 was closely related to other pathways from the results of WGCNA, such as pathogen identification pathways, MAPK signaling pathways, plant hormone signal transduction pathways, biosynthetic pathways and energy metabolism pathways. CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that the NBS gene degenerations are common in the genus Dendrobium, which is the main reason for the diversity of NBS genes, and the NBS-LRR genes generally take part in D. officinale ETI system and signal transduction pathways. In addition, the D. officinale NBS-LRR gene Dof020138, which may have an important breeding value, is indirectly activated by SA in the ETI system.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Ácido Salicílico , Ácido Salicílico/farmacologia , Ácido Salicílico/metabolismo , Dendrobium/genética , Dendrobium/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Resistência à Doença/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Melhoramento Vegetal , Transcriptoma
6.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364058

RESUMO

Dendrobium is the second biggest genus in the Orchidaceae family, and many of them have been utilized as a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for thousands of years in China. In the last few decades, constituents with great chemical diversity were isolated from Dendrobium, and a wide range of biological activities were detected, either for crude extracts or for pure compounds. Stilbene compound is one of the primary active constituents in the genus Dendrobium. At present, 267 stilbene compounds with clarified molecular structures have been extracted and isolated from 52 species of Dendrobium, including 124 phenanthrenes and 143 bibenzyls. At the same time, activity studies have indicated that 157 compounds have pharmaceutical activity. Among them, most of the compounds showed antitumor activity, followed by antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-α-glucosidase inhibitory activities. Additionally, 54 compounds have multiple pharmacological activities, such as confusarin (14), 2,4,7-trihydroxy-9,10-dihydro-phenanthrene (43), moscatilin (148), gigantol (150) and batatasin III (151). This review summarizes current knowledge about the chemical composition of stilbene, bioactivities and pharmacologic effects in 52 species of Dendrobium. We also expect to provide a reference for further research, development and utilization of stilbene constituents in the Dendrobium genus.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Estilbenos , Dendrobium/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , China
7.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360194

RESUMO

Dendrobium catenatum is a classical and precious dual-use plant for both medicine and food in China. It was first recorded in Shen Nong's Herbal Classic, and has the traditional functions of nourishing yin, antipyresis, tonifying the stomach, and promoting fluid production. The stem is its medicinal part and is rich in active polysaccharide glucomannan. As an excellent dietary fiber, glucomannan has been experimentally confirmed to be involved in anti-cancer, enhancing immunity, lowering blood sugar and blood lipids, etc. Here, the status quo of the D. catenatum industry, the structure, bioactivities, biosynthesis pathway and key genes of glucomannan are systematically described to provide a crucial foundation and theoretical basis for understanding the value of D. catenatum and the potential application of glucomannan in crop biofortification.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Dendrobium/genética , Mananas , Polissacarídeos , Vias Biossintéticas
8.
Molecules ; 27(20)2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36296615

RESUMO

Dendrobium officinale, as a traditional Chinese medicine, has considerable commercial value and pharmacological activity. Environmental factors of different origins have a great influence on Dendrobium officinale metabolites, which affect its pharmacological activity. This study sought to identify the differential metabolites of wild-imitating cultivated D. officinale stems of different origins. Using the widely-targeted metabolomics approach, 442 metabolites were detected and characterized, including flavonoids, lipids, amino acids and derivatives, and alkaloids. We found that although the chemical constitution of D. officinale cultured in the three habitats was parallel, the contents were significantly different. Meanwhile, the KEGG pathway enrichment analysis revealed that the distinctive metabolites among the three groups were mainly involved in flavone and flavonol biosynthesis. To further explore the different contents of flavonoids, HPLC was performed on four main flavonoid contents, which can be used as one of the references to distinguish D. officinale from different growing origins. In conclusion, a comprehensive profile of the metabolic differences of D. officinale grown in different origins was provided, which contributed a scientific basis for further research on the quality evaluation of D. officinale.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Dendrobium , Flavonas , Dendrobium/química , Metaboloma , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Flavonas/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Flavonóis/metabolismo , Lipídeos
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36232498

RESUMO

Dry eye is one of the most common ocular surface diseases caused by tear film instability and ocular surface damage due to an abnormal quality or quantity of tears. Inflammatory factors can initiate relevant transduction signalling pathways and trigger the inflammatory cascade response, resulting in ocular surface inflammation. It has been shown that the active ingredients in Dendrobium, such as polysaccharides, alkaloids and phenols, have anti-inflammatory, anti-tumour and immunity-boosting effects, and Dendrobium officinale extract can improve glandular secretion function, increase salivary secretion and increase the expression level of water channel protein in salivary glands in patients with dry eye syndromes. We investigated the in vitro cytoprotective effect of Dendrobium extracts in sodium chloride induced hyperosmotic conditions in human cornea keratocytes (HKs). Results showed that Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo water extract (DOW) and Dendrobium loddigesii Rolfe water extract (DLW) could upregulate the expression of aquaporins (AQP)5 protein, thus exerting a repairing effect by promoting cell migration. Furthermore, oral administration of DOW and DLW enhanced tear production in rats and exerted a protective effect on ocular surface damage. DOW and DLW could upregulate the expression of AQP5 and mucin (muc)5ac proteins in the lacrimal gland and reduce the inflammatory response. DOW and DLW inhibited the activation of the corresponding mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and NF-KB pathway, thereby playing a role in improving dry eye symptoms. This study provides a new perspective on dry eye treatment, and DOW and DLW may be potential therapeutic agents for dry eye.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Aquaporina 5/metabolismo , Dendrobium/metabolismo , Síndromes do Olho Seco/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Mucinas/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fenóis/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Ratos , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Lágrimas/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36233278

RESUMO

Dendrobium huoshanense, Dendrobium officinale, and Dendrobium moniliforme, as precious Chinese medicinal materials, have a variety of medicinal properties. Flavonoids are important medicinal components of Dendrobium, but their accumulation rules and biosynthesis mechanisms remain unclear. To explore the similarities and differences of flavonoid accumulation and biosynthesis in these three Dendrobium species, we performed flavonoid content determination, widely-targeted metabolomics and transcriptome sequencing on 1-4 years old Dendrobium species. The results showed that in different growth years, D. huoshanense stems had the highest flavonoid content in the second year of growth, while D. officinale and D. moniliforme stems had the highest flavonoid content in the third year of growth. A total of 644 differentially accumulated metabolites (DAMs) and 10,426 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis. It was found that DAMs and DEGs were not only enriched in the general pathway of "flavonoid biosynthesis", but also in multiple sub-pathways such as "Flavone biosynthesis", and "Flavonol biosynthesis" and "Isoflavonoid biosynthesis". According to a combined transcriptome and metabolome analysis, the expression levels of the F3'H gene (LOC110096779) and two F3'5'H genes (LOC110101765 and LOC110103762) may be the main genes responsible for the differences in flavonoid accumulation. As a result of this study, we have not only determined the optimal harvesting period for three Dendrobium plants, but also identified the key genes involved in flavonoid biosynthesis and provided a basis for further study of the molecular mechanism of flavonoid synthesis.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Flavonas , Dendrobium/metabolismo , Flavonas/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Flavonóis/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Metaboloma , Transcriptoma
11.
Molecules ; 27(19)2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235191

RESUMO

It is generally believed that fresh Dendrobium officinale (FDO) has more significant pharmacological activity than dried Dendrobium officinale (DDO); however, the difference has not been clearly shown. Our study compared their antioxidant properties both in vitro and in vivo, and the molecular weight arrangement and monosaccharide composition of the fresh Dendrobium officinale polysaccharides (FDOPs) and the dried Dendrobium officinale polysaccharides (DDOPs) were analyzed by HPLC-GPC and GC-MS. The results showed that the FDO and its polysaccharides had more significant effects on scavenging DPPH, ABTS, and hydroxyl radicals than the DDO. In addition, both the FDO and DDO significantly reduced lipid peroxidation levels and increased the SOD, T-AOC, CAT, and GSH levels in mice with acute liver damage caused by CCl4, while the FDO and its polysaccharides were more effective. Histopathological analysis further verified the protective effect of the Dendrobium polysaccharides on CCl4-induced liver injury. The determination of the polysaccharides revealed that the polysaccharide and mannose contents of the FDO were significantly higher than their dried counterparts, and the homogeneous arrangement of the polysaccharides in the FDO was degraded into three polysaccharide fragments of different molecular weights in the DDO. Overall, our data identified differences in the antioxidant activities of the FDO and DDO, as well as the reasons for these differences.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Dendrobium/química , Carboidratos da Dieta , Manose , Camundongos , Monossacarídeos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Superóxido Dismutase
12.
Gene ; 846: 146869, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075328

RESUMO

Tandem repeats are one of the most conserved features in the eukaryote genomes. Dendrobium is the third largest genus in family Orchidaceae compromising over 1,200 species. However, the organization of repetitive sequences in Dendrobium species remains unclear. In this study, we performed the identification and characterization of the tandem repeats in D. officinale genome using graph-based clustering and Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Six major clusters including five satellite DNAs (DofSat1-5) and one 5S rDNA repeat (Dof5S) were identified as tandem repeats. The tandem organization of DofSat5 was verified by PCR amplification and southern blotting. The chromosomal locations of the repetitive DNAs in D. officinale were investigated by FISH using the tandem repeats and oligos probes. The results showed that each of the DofSat5, 5S and 45S rDNA had one pair of strong signals on D. officinale chromosomes. The distribution of repetitive DNAs along chromosomes was also investigated based on genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) among four Dendrobium species. The results suggested complex chromosomal fusion/segmentation and rearrangements during the evolution of Dendrobium species. In conclusion, the present study provides new landmarks for unequival differentiation of the Dendrobium chromosomes and facilitate the understanding the chromosome evolution in Dendrobium speceis.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , DNA Ribossômico/genética , DNA Satélite , Dendrobium/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/métodos , Sequências Repetitivas de Ácido Nucleico
13.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 190: 24-34, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088784

RESUMO

Dendrobium officinale, which is a medicine food homology plant, contains many metabolites, especially polysaccharides and flavonoids. Unlike flowers and stems, which are the most frequently harvested organs for a variety of uses, leaves tend to be discarded. This study assessed main metabolites in leaves to identify the most appropriate timing of collection during harvest, which was divided into three stages (S1-S3: 8, 10, and 11 months after sprouting, respectively). Metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses of S1-S3 were performed. Water-soluble polysaccharides (WSPs), flavonoids and free amino acids (FAAs) were detected in leaves. WSPs decreased from S1 to S3 but flavonoids and some FAAs (e.g., phophoserine) increased from S1 to S2, then decreased from S2 to S3. In all three stages, mannose was the dominant monosaccharide among WSPs, followed by glucose. In S2, 35 flavonoids were identified, the most abundant being rutin, schaftoside and vitexin, while 34 FAAs were identified in all three stages, the most abundant being tyrosine, phosphoserine and alanine. A total of 2584, 3414 and 2032 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were discovered in S1 vs S2, S1 vs S3 and S1 vs S3, respectively. Correlation analysis revealed that five DEGs (DoSUS, DoXYLA, DoFRK, DoGMP, and DoCSLA), two DEGs (DoDFR, and DoANS) and a single DEG (DoPGAM) were involved in the metabolism of WSPs, flavonoids and phosphoserine, respectively. The findings of this study lay a foundation for the commercial exploitation of metabolites in the harvested leaves of D. officinale, and the use of detected DEGs in applied genetic studies.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Alanina/metabolismo , Dendrobium/genética , Dendrobium/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Manose/metabolismo , Monossacarídeos/metabolismo , Fosfosserina/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Rutina/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Tirosina/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 6293355, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36160715

RESUMO

Dendrobium officinale has a long history of being consumed as a functional food and medicinal herb for preventing and managing diseases. The phytochemical studies revealed that Dendrobium officinale contained abundant bioactive compounds, such as bibenzyls, polysaccharides, flavonoids, and alkaloids. The experimental studies showed that Dendrobium officinale and its bioactive compounds exerted multiple biological properties like antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune-regulatory activities and showed various health benefits like anticancer, antidiabetes, cardiovascular protective, gastrointestinal modulatory, hepatoprotective, lung protective, and neuroprotective effects. In this review, we summarize the phytochemical studies, bioactivities, and the mechanism of actions of Dendrobium officinale, and the safety and current challenges are also discussed, which might provide new perspectives for its development of drug and functional food as well as clinical applications.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Bibenzilas , Dendrobium , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Dendrobium/química , Flavonoides , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos/química
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076976

RESUMO

Dendrobium is one of the most species-rich genera of the Paleotropical orchids. It embraces more than 1000 species, most of which are epiphytes. The strong variation in floral characters causes many identification difficulties within this genus. One of the key structures, often sufficient in identification on a species level, is the labellum, which in many species of Dendrobium possesses a thickened callus and various types of trichomes and papillae. The aim of this study is to identify and describe the structures present on the labellum surface of the analyzed species, determine their distribution and density, as well as to check whether the obtained data have taxonomic value. In this paper, we present the results of a micromorphological study on the labellum of 21 species of Dendrobium, representing 13 sections, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Our studies revealed the presence of both uni- and multicellular structures on the surface of the labellum. We observed three types of trichomes (conical, cylindrical, ellipsoidal) and three types of papillae (conical, cylindrical, semicircular). Neither trichomes nor papillae were recorded for five species. In addition, we made diagrams showing the distribution and density of structures on the labellum. Based on the micromorphological results combined with the phylogenetic tree performed, we suggest that the presence/absence of labellum structures does not necessarily reflect the phylogenetic relationship and might be misleading, as in some cases, they arise due to convergence.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Orchidaceae , Flores/anatomia & histologia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Orchidaceae/anatomia & histologia , Filogenia , Tricomas
16.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 155: 113656, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is characterized by insulin resistance during pregnancy, and it is always combined with serious complications. Dendrobium mixture (DMix) is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine, and it has been proved to be an effective treatment for diabetes. However, the regulatory role of DMix in GDM remains elusive. METHODS: High fat feed combined with streptozotocin injection and high glucose medium were used to establish GDM animal and cell models, respectively. The levels of blood glucose, blood lipid, and insulin were measured with commercial kits. Western blotting was used to detect protein expression. RESULTS: DMix improved pancreas and placenta injury in GDM rats. DMix reversed the influence of GDM on the levels of SOD, MDA, and glutathione in the serum. Hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in GDM rats were suppressed by DMix. The activation of MAPK and inhibition of Nrf2/HO1 in GDM animal and cell models were reversed by DMix. The increase of ROS intensity, apoptosis, and inflammation factors in HG treated cells were reversed by DMix. CONCLUSION: This research proved that DMix improved GDM through inhibiting oxidative condition, inflammation factors, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. This study might provide a novel thought for the prevention and treatment of GDM.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Diabetes Gestacional , Hiperglicemia , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Ratos , Glicemia , Diabetes Gestacional/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Gestacional/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição de Proteínas de Ligação GA/metabolismo , Glutationa/farmacologia , Inflamação , Insulina/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Estreptozocina/farmacologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
17.
BMC Microbiol ; 22(1): 221, 2022 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The orchid growth and development often associate with microbes. However, the interaction between plant performance and microbial communities within and surrounding plants is less understood. Dendrobium catenatum, which used to be an endangered orchid species, has become a billion dollar industry in China. Simulated natural cultivation modes, such as living tree epiphytic (LT) and cliff epiphytic (CE) cultivations, improve the production or quality of D. catenatum and contribute to the development of D. catenatum industry. In a previous study, morphological characteristics, anatomical structure, and main bioactive components (polysaccharides and ethanol-soluble extractives) of D. catenatum grown under LT and CE significantly differed from a facility cultivation mode, pot (PO) cultivation, were observed. Whether cultivation mode affects bacterial and fungal communities of D. catenatum, thereby affecting the chemical quality of this plant, need to be explored. RESULTS: Both three plant organs (leaf, stem, and root) and cultivating substrates obtained under three cultivation modes: living tree epiphytic (LT), cliff epiphytic (CE), and pot (PO) cultivation were examined by adopting high-throughput sequencing methods. Subsequently, bacterial and fungal correlations with D. catenatum main chemical components, stem polysaccharides and ethanol-soluble extractives and leaf phenols and flavonoids, were elucidated. The results showed that microbial communities of the plants and substrates are both influenced by the cultivation mode. However, the plants and their cultivating substrates exhibited different patterns of bacterial and fungal composition, with clearly distinguished dominant bacterial groups, but shared dominance among fungal groups. Bacteria and fungi differed in abundance, diversity, and community structure, depending on the cultivation environment and plant organ. Both bacterial and fungal communities were affected by cultivation mode and plant organ. In both plants and substrates, PO bacterial and fungal community structure differed significantly from those of LT and CE modes. Bacterial and fungal community structure differed significantly between roots and the other two plant organs examined (stems and leaves). Several bacteria and fungi were positively correlated with main chemical components in D. catenatum. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that microbial communities of the plants and substrates were both influenced by the cultivation mode and plant organ, and some of them were positively correlated with main chemical components in D. catenatum. The research would enhance our understanding of interactions between Dendrobium and the microbial environment, and to provide a theoretical basis for the development of improved D. catenatum cultivation methods.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Micobioma , Bactérias/genética , Dendrobium/química , Etanol , Flavonoides , Fenóis , Plantas , Polissacarídeos , Árvores
18.
Fitoterapia ; 162: 105295, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087822

RESUMO

Three pairs of enantiomeric bibenzyl dimers, (±)-dengratiols E-G [(±)-1-3], were obtained through various chromatographic techniques including chiral HPLC, from the ethanol extract of Dendrobium gratiosissimum. Their structures were elucidated to be R-(+)-1 and S-(-)-1, R-(+)-2 and S-(-)-2, and αR, α'R-(-)-3 and αS, α'S-(+)-3 on the basis of the extensive spectroscopic data and ECD analyses, respectively. The isolated enantiomerically pure along with their racemic forms showed moderate cytotoxicity against human HCT116, U87-MG, HepG2, BGC823, and PC9 cancer cell lines (IC50 9.25-48.01 µM). Enantiomers (+)-1 and (-)-1, and their racemate (±)-1 showed antiviral effects against HIV-1 with IC50 values of 12.26, 6.01, and 4.47 µM, respectively. Enantiomers (+)-2, and (-)-2 and their racemic form showed significant protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 5.07, 3.11, and 4.37 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Bibenzilas , Dendrobium , Antivirais , Dendrobium/química , Etanol , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1 , Compostos de Sulfidrila
19.
Front Immunol ; 13: 999945, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36177044

RESUMO

Dendrobium polysaccharide exhibits multiple biological activities, such as immune regulation, antioxidation, and antitumor. However, its resistance to viral infection by stimulating immunity is rarely reported. In this study, we explored the effect and mechanism of DVP-1, a novel polysaccharide from Dendrobium devonianum, in the activation of immunity. After being activated by DVP-1, the ability of mice to prevent H1N1 influenza virus infection was investigated. Results of immune regulation showed that DVP-1 significantly improved the immune organ index, lymphocyte proliferation, and mRNA expression level of cytokines, such as IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6, and TNF-α in the spleen. Immunohistochemical results showed that DVP-1 obviously promoted the mucosal immunity in the jejunum tissue. In addition, the expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, and TRAF6 and the phosphorylation levels of TAK1, Erk, JNK, and NF-κB in the spleen were upregulated by DVP-1. The virus infection results showed that the weight loss of mice slowed down, the survival rate increased, the organ index of the lung reduced, and the virus content in the lung decreased after DVP-1 activated immunity. By activating immunity with DVP-1, the production of inflammatory cells and inflammatory factors in BALF, and alveolar as well as peribronchiolar inflammation could be prevented. The results manifested that DVP-1 could resist H1N1 influenza virus infection by activating immunity through the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Vírus da Influenza A , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dendrobium/metabolismo , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/genética , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro , Transdução de Sinais , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 14814, 2022 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045147

RESUMO

The orchid Dendrobium officinale grows throughout southeast China and southeast Asian countries and is used to treat inflammation and diabetes in traditional Chinese medicine. Tie pi feng dou is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine made from the dried D. officinale stems. Processing alters the physicochemical properties of TPFD; however, it is unclear how processing affects the quality and medicinal value of this plant. Here, we analyzed and compared the chemical composition of fresh stems of D. officinale and TPFD and explored possible explanations for the enhanced medicinal efficacy of processed D. officinale stems using qualitative and quantitative methods. To identify the components of FSD and TPFD, we used ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography combined with mass spectrometry in negative and positive ion modes and interpreted the data using the Human Metabolome Database and multivariate statistical analysis. We detected 23,709 peaks and identified 2352 metabolites; 370 of these metabolites were differentially abundant between FSD and TPFD (245 more abundant in TPFD than in FSD, and 125 less abundant), including organooxygen compounds, prenol lipids, flavonoids, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, and fatty acyls. Of these, 43 chemical markers clearly distinguished between FSD and TPFD samples, as confirmed using orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. A pharmacological activity analysis showed that, compared with FSD, TPFD had significantly higher levels of some metabolites with anti-inflammatory activity, consistent with its use to treat inflammation. In addition to revealing the basis of the medicinal efficacy of TPFD, this study supports the benefits of the traditional usage of D. officinale.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , China , Dendrobium/química , Humanos , Inflamação , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metaboloma
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