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1.
J Headache Pain ; 22(1): 9, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663369

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Idiopatic trigeminal neuralgia purely paroxysmal (ITNp) distributed in the supraorbital and suprathrochlear dermatomes (SSd), refractory to conventional treatments have been linked to the hyperactivity of the corrugator supercilii muscle (CSM). In these patients, the inactivation of the CSM via botulinum toxin type A (BTA) injections has been proven to be safe and effective in reducing migraine burden. The main limitation of BTA is the need of repetitive injections and relative high costs. Based on the study of the motor innervation of the CSM, we describe here an alternative approach to improve these type of migraines, based on a minimally invasive denervation of the CSM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Motor innervation and feasibility of selective CSM denervation was first studied on fresh frozen cadavers. Once the technique was safely established, 15 patients were enrolled. To be considered eligible, patients had to meet the following criteria: positive response to BTA treatment, migraine disability assessment score > 24, > 15 migraine days/month, no occipital/temporal trigger points and plausible reasons to discontinue BTA treatment. Pre- and post- operative migraine headache index (MHI) were compared, and complications were classified following the Clavien-Dindo classification (CDC). RESULTS: Fifteen patients (9 females and 6 males) underwent the described surgical procedure. The mean age was 41 ± 10 years. Migraine headache episodes decreased from 24 ± 4 day/month to 2 ± 2 (p < 0.001) The MHI decreased from 208 ± 35 to 10 ± 11 (p < 0.001). One patient (7%) had a grade I complication according to the CDC. No patient needed a second operative procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the selective CSM denervation represents a safe and minimally invasive approach to improve ITNp distributed in the SSd associated with CSM hyperactivation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The data collection was conducted as a retrospective quality assessment study and all procedures were performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the national research committee and the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Adulto , Denervação , Músculos Faciais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia
2.
Kardiologiia ; 61(2): 54-61, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Russo, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734049

RESUMO

Aim      To compare the antihypertensive effectivity of renal denervation in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and associated refractory arterial hypertension (rfAH) (treated with 5 or more classes of antihypertensive drugs, including a thiazide diuretic and a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist) and uncontrolled resistant AH (ucAH) (treated with 3-4 drugs).Material and methods  This interventional study with renal denervation included 18 DM patients with rfAH and 40 DM patients with ucAH; 16 and 36 of them, respectively, completed the study in 6 months. At baseline, patients were sex- and age-matched. Study methods included measurement of office blood pressure (BP; systolic/diastolic BP, SBP/DBP); outpatient BP monitoring; evaluation of kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate by the CKD-EPI formula); diurnal diuresis volume; diurnal urinary excretion of albumin, potassium and sodium; diurnal excretion of metanephrines and normetanephrines; and plasma levels of glucose and glycated hemoglobin, aldosterone, and active renin. Patients were instructed about maintaining compliance with their antihypertensive and hypoglycemic therapy throughout the study.Results At baseline, patients of both groups were comparable by BP and major clinical indexes, except for higher values of nocturnal SBP variability (p<0.05) in patients with rfAH. At 6 months following renal denervation, both groups displayed significant decreases in office and average daily SBP and also in the "load" with increased mean diurnal SBP. However, the decrease in average daily SBP was almost 4 times greater in the rfAH group than in the ucAH group ( -19.9 and -5.1 mm Hg, respectively, р=0.02). Moreover, 81 % of patients in the rfAH group responded to the intervention (average daily SBP decrease ≥10 mm Hg) while the number of responders in the ucAH group was considerably smaller (42 %; p=0.02). In patients with rfAH, renal denervation was associated with a significant decrease in pulse BP and nocturnal SBP variability and with the increase in diurnal diuresis. No other alterations were noted in laboratory test results in either group.Conclusion      DM patients with rfAH may be the best candidates for the procedure of renal denervation.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipertensão , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Denervação , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Rim , Simpatectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e24294, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466217

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) with a point mutation of valine to isoleucine at codon 180 of the prion protein gene (V180I) is the most frequent form of genetic CJD in Japan. However, peripheral nerve involvement, especially cardiac sympathetic denervation, has not been investigated in cases with V180I genetic CJD.We herein report a genetically confirmed case of V180I genetic CJD presenting with parkinsonism and cardiac sympathetic nerve denervation. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 79-year-old Japanese woman who presented with subacute progressive gait disturbance and cognitive impairment. Clinical diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) with mild cognitive impairment was initially suspected based on parkinsonism, such as bradykinesia, rigidity and tremor, and reduced accumulation of cardiac meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy. INTERVENTIONS: Based on parkinsonism and impaired cardiac MIBG findings, levodopa/decarboxylase inhibitor was administered up to 300 mg/day; however, her symptoms were not improved. OUTCOMES: Her motor and cognitive function progressively deteriorated. DIAGNOSIS: Although the patient had no family history of CJD, genetic CJD was diagnosed according to extensive hyperintensities in the bilateral cortices on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images, positive tau protein and 14-3-3 protein in the cerebrospinal fluid and a V180I mutation with methionine homozygosity at codon 129 by prion protein gene analysis. LESSONS: We should be aware that reduced uptake of cardiac MIBG scintigraphy in patients presenting with parkinsonism cannot confirm a diagnosis of PD. CJD should be considered when patients show a rapid progressive clinical course with atypical manifestations of PD.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Creutzfeldt-Jakob/diagnóstico , Coração/inervação , Proteínas Priônicas/análise , Idoso , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/genética , Síndrome de Creutzfeldt-Jakob/genética , Denervação , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico
4.
Schmerz ; 35(2): 124-129, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33447917

RESUMO

Radiofrequency denervation has been established for many years as an important minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of chronic pain conditions. Positive experiences of many users for various indications are contrasted by a nonuniform evidence. With meticulous patient selection and correct assessment of the indications a longer term reduction of pain, a reduced need for analgesics and an improvement in the quality of life can be achieved. The aim of this interdisciplinary position paper is to present the value of radiofrequency denervation in the treatment of chronic pain. The summarized recommendations of the expert group are based on the available evidence and on the clinical experiences of Austrian centers that frequently implement the procedure. The position paper contains recommendations on patient selection and proven indications. We discribe safety aspects, complications, side effects and contraindications.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Dor Lombar , Articulação Zigapofisária , Áustria , Dor Crônica/terapia , Denervação , Humanos , Dor Lombar/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 38(1): 73-82, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220745

RESUMO

To date, more than 150 surgical techniques have been described for the treatment of intractable nerve pain. However, owing to their technical complexity, as well as the lack of comparative studies in the literature, there is currently no consensus on the appropriate management of this often debilitating condition. Therefore, we present our surgical algorithm, based on Seddon's classification to differentiate the degree of nerve injury, and subsequent treatment course for the management of lower extremity neurogenic pain.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Neuralgia/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/cirurgia , Algoritmos , Denervação , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/inervação , Transferência de Nervo , Neuralgia/etiologia , Exame Neurológico , Neuroma/cirurgia , Manejo da Dor , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/classificação , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios
6.
Urol Clin North Am ; 48(1): 127-135, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218587

RESUMO

The robotic platform offers theoretical and practical advantages to microsurgical male infertility surgery. These include reduction or elimination of tremor, 3-dimensional visualization, and decreased need for skilled surgical assistance. This article reviews the application of robotic surgery to each of the 4 primary male infertility procedures: vasectomy reversal, varicocelectomy, testicular sperm extraction, and spermatic cord denervation. Historical perspective is presented alongside the available outcomes data, which are limited in most cases. Before the robotic approach can be widely adopted, further clinical trials are needed to compare outcomes and costs with those of other validated surgical techniques.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Vasovasostomia/métodos , Azoospermia/cirurgia , Denervação/métodos , Previsões , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Microcirurgia/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/tendências , Cordão Espermático/inervação , Cordão Espermático/cirurgia , Testículo/cirurgia , Varicocele/cirurgia , Vasovasostomia/tendências
8.
Ter Arkh ; 92(6): 84-88, 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346499

RESUMO

Radiofrequency renal artery denervation (RND) was introduced as a method of interventional treatment of resistant hypertension almost ten years ago. The first studies demonstrated the effectiveness of this procedure. This has led to growing interest in this area and the rapid development of the method. However, the results of the first randomized trial of SYMPLICITY HTN-3 questioned the role of RND in the treatment of resistant hypertension, this fact conducted to the decrease in the recommendation class and level of evidence in the Guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology and the European Society of Hypertension in 2018. To date, the medical community is actively discussing the results of recently published trials such as SPYRAL HTN-OFF MED, SPYRAL HTN-ON MED, RADIANCE-HTN SOLO and RADIOSOUND-HTN.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Pressão Sanguínea , Denervação , Humanos , Hipertensão/cirurgia , Rim/cirurgia , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Simpatectomia
9.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(4): 100706, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308582

RESUMO

Knee osteoarthritis, a chronic degenerative condition, can be a debilitating and limiting process with affected patients presenting with symptoms such as pain, restrictive range of motion, and swelling. This condition commonly afflicts millions of people with a higher incidence among the elderly that results from chronic mechanical repetitive loading. The treatment of pain generating conditions such as arthritis in large joints is complex requiring interventions of varying focuses such as weight loss, anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroid, hyaluronic and viscosupplementation injections, and prescription opioids. A gap in the treatment options of this ailment currently exists between short term pain solutions and surgical approaches such as total knee arthroplasty that may offer longer pain relief. Cooled radiofrequency ablation is an emerging technique that offers a minimally invasive alternative for treating knee pain with a clinical relevance in patients who are not surgical candidates due to coexistent medical comorbidities or those who are undesiring of surgery. This procedure uses radiofrequency ablation that blocks genicular nerves from transmitting knee pain signals to the brain. Further research will allow the application of this technique to treat other sensory nerves in large joints such as the hip and shoulder.


Assuntos
Artralgia/cirurgia , Denervação , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Manejo da Dor , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Radiografia Intervencionista , Artralgia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artralgia/fisiopatologia , Denervação/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Manejo da Dor/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Ablação por Radiofrequência/efeitos adversos , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5 supl.1): 19-19, nov. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1128980

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: As arritmias ventriculares (AV) constituem importante causa de orbimortalidade em portadores de cardiopatia estrutural. Apesar dos avanços terapêuticos, o tratamento desta condição continua sendo um desafio na prática clínica. Publicações prévias avaliaram o efeito da denervação simpática renal (DR) no manejo das AVs refratárias ao tratamento medicamentoso e por meio da ablação por cateter. Conduzimos uma revisão sistemática e metanálise para avaliar a eficácia e segurança deste tratamento. Métodos: Uma revisão sistemática da literatura foi realizada para identificar estudos que avaliaram o emprego da DR no tratamento de AVs refratárias. Artigos de revisão e estudos em animais foram excluídos. Os desfechos primários foram a redução do número de AVs (taquicardia ventricular e fibrilação ventricular) e redução do número de terapias pelo cardiodesfibrilador implantável (CDI). Alterações da pressão arterial e de função renal constituíram desfechos secundários de segurança. Resultados: Dez estudos (152 pacientes) foram incluídos na metanálise. No grupo de pacientes submetidos à intervenção, observou-se uma redução no número de AV, ATP, choques e terapias apropriadas pelo CDI de 3,53 eventos/paciente/mês (IC95% = -5,48 a -1,57), 2,86 eventos/paciente/mês (IC95% = -4,09 a -1,63), 2,04 eventos/paciente/mês (IC95% = -2,12 a -1,97) e 2,68 eventos/paciente/mês (IC95% = - 3,58 a -1,78), respectivamente. Complicações periprocedimento ocorreram em apenas 1,23% dos pacientes e não houve alterações significativas nas pressões arteriais sistólica e diastólica (redução de 3,3mmHg, IC95% = -7,1 a 0,4, e de 0,2mmHg IC95%= -3,6 a 4,1, respectivamente). Não se observaram variações significativas na função renal (queda de 0,22mg/dL na creatinina sérica, IC95%= -0,48 a 0,05, e aumento de 2,37 mL/min/1.73m2 na taxa de filtração glomerular, IC95%= -9,98 a 14,71). Conclusões: A denervação simpática renal associou-se a uma redução do número de arritmias ventriculares e terapias apropriadas pelo CDI. O procedimento se mostrou seguro, com poucas complicações e eventos adversos.


Assuntos
Taquicardia Ventricular , Denervação
11.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD011031, 2020 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is associated with pain and infertility. Surgical interventions aim to remove visible areas of endometriosis and restore the anatomy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of pain and infertility associated with endometriosis. SEARCH METHODS: This review has drawn on the search strategy developed by the Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group including searching the Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group's specialised register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, reference lists for relevant trials, and trial registries from inception to April 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: We selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic surgery with any other laparoscopic or robotic intervention, holistic or medical treatment, or diagnostic laparoscopy only. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently performed selection of studies, assessment of trial quality and extraction of relevant data with disagreements resolved by a third review author. We collected data for the core outcome set for endometriosis. Primary outcomes included overall pain and live birth. We evaluated the quality of evidence using GRADE methods. MAIN RESULTS: We included 14 RCTs. The studies randomised 1563 women with endometriosis. Four RCTs compared laparoscopic ablation or excision with diagnostic laparoscopy only. Two RCTs compared laparoscopic excision with diagnostic laparoscopy only. One RCT compared laparoscopic ablation or excision with laparoscopic ablation or excision and uterine suspension. Two RCTs compared laparoscopic ablation and uterine nerve transection with diagnostic laparoscopy only. One RCT compared laparoscopic ablation with diagnostic laparoscopy and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues. Two RCTs compared laparoscopic ablation with laparoscopic excision. One RCT compared laparoscopic ablation or excision with helium thermal coagulator with laparoscopic ablation or excision with electrodiathermy. One RCT compared conservative laparoscopic surgery with laparoscopic colorectal resection of deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum. Common limitations in the primary studies included lack of clearly described blinding, failure to fully describe methods of randomisation and allocation concealment, and poor reporting of outcome data. Laparoscopic treatment versus diagnostic laparoscopy We are uncertain of the effect of laparoscopic treatment on overall pain scores compared to diagnostic laparoscopy only at six months (mean difference (MD) 0.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.31 to 1.49; 1 RCT, 16 participants; very low quality evidence) and at 12 months (MD 1.65, 95% CI 1.11 to 2.19; 1 RCT, 16 participants; very low quality evidence), where a positive value means pain relief (the higher the score, the more pain relief) and a negative value reflects pain increase (the lower the score, the worse the increase in pain). No studies looked at live birth. We are uncertain of the effect of laparoscopic treatment on quality of life compared to diagnostic laparoscopy only: EuroQol-5D index summary at six months (MD 0.03, 95% CI -0.12 to 0.18; 1 RCT, 39 participants; low quality evidence), 12-item Short Form (SF-12) mental health component (MD 2.30, 95% CI -4.50 to 9.10; 1 RCT, 39 participants; low quality evidence) and SF-12 physical health component (MD 2.70, 95% CI -2.90 to 8.30; 1 RCT, 39 participants; low quality evidence). Laparoscopic treatment probably improves viable intrauterine pregnancy rate compared to diagnostic laparoscopy only (odds ratio (OR) 1.89, 95% CI 1.25 to 2.86; 3 RCTs, 528 participants; I2 = 0%; moderate quality evidence). We are uncertain of the effect of laparoscopic treatment compared to diagnostic laparoscopy only on ectopic pregnancy (MD 1.18, 95% CI 0.10 to 13.48; 1 RCT, 100 participants; low quality evidence) and miscarriage (MD 0.94, 95% CI 0.35 to 2.54; 2 RCTs, 112 participants; low quality evidence). There was limited reporting of adverse events. No conversions to laparotomy were reported in both groups (1 RCT, 341 participants). Laparoscopic ablation and uterine nerve transection versus diagnostic laparoscopy We are uncertain of the effect of laparoscopic ablation and uterine nerve transection on adverse events (more specifically vascular injury) compared to diagnostic laparoscopy only (OR 0.33, 95% CI 0.01 to 8.32; 1 RCT, 141 participants; low quality evidence). No studies looked at overall pain scores (at six and 12 months), live birth, quality of life, viable intrauterine pregnancy confirmed by ultrasound, ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage. Laparoscopic ablation versus laparoscopic excision There was insufficient evidence to determine whether there was a difference in overall pain, measured at 12 months, for laparoscopic ablation compared with laparoscopic excision (MD 0.00, 95% CI -1.22 to 1.22; 1 RCT, 103 participants; very low quality evidence). No studies looked at overall pain scores at six months, live birth, quality of life, viable intrauterine pregnancy confirmed by ultrasound, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage and adverse events. Helium thermal coagulator versus electrodiathermy We are uncertain whether helium thermal coagulator compared to electrodiathermy improves quality of life using the 30-item Endometriosis Health Profile (EHP-30) at nine months, when considering the components: pain (MD 6.68, 95% CI -3.07 to 16.43; 1 RCT, 119 participants; very low quality evidence), control and powerlessness (MD 4.79, 95% CI -6.92 to 16.50; 1 RCT, 119 participants; very low quality evidence), emotional well-being (MD 6.17, 95% CI -3.95 to 16.29; 1 RCT, 119 participants; very low quality evidence) and social support (MD 5.62, 95% CI -6.21 to 17.45; 1 RCT, 119 participants; very low quality evidence). Adverse events were not estimable. No studies looked at overall pain scores (at six and 12 months), live birth, viable intrauterine pregnancy confirmed by ultrasound, ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Compared to diagnostic laparoscopy only, it is uncertain whether laparoscopic surgery reduces overall pain associated with minimal to severe endometriosis. No data were reported on live birth. There is moderate quality evidence that laparoscopic surgery increases viable intrauterine pregnancy rates confirmed by ultrasound compared to diagnostic laparoscopy only. No studies were found that looked at live birth for any of the comparisons. Further research is needed considering the management of different subtypes of endometriosis and comparing laparoscopic interventions with lifestyle and medical interventions. There was insufficient evidence on adverse events to allow any conclusions to be drawn regarding safety.


Assuntos
Endometriose/cirurgia , Infertilidade Feminina/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Denervação/métodos , Eletrocoagulação/métodos , Endometriose/complicações , Endometriose/diagnóstico , Feminino , Gosserrelina/uso terapêutico , Hélio/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Dor Pélvica/etiologia , Dor Pélvica/cirurgia , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Útero/inervação
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791634

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the role of palatovaginal canal and sphenopalatine artery in the localization of pterygoid canal during pterygoid neurotomy. Method:55 patients with or without nasal polyps were divided into two groups: group A(twenty-nine cases, anterior wall approach of sphenoid sinus) and group B(twenty-six cases, middle nasal meatus approach). All patients underwent unilateral vidian neurectomy under nasal endoscope. The vidian canal was located by palatal canal and sphenopalatine artery in group A and B, respectively. Result:The vidian canal was located successfully in all patients, with small wound, fast postoperative recovering. There was no irreversible complication. Conclusion:The relationship between the palatovaginal canal, sphenopalatine artery and the external orifice of vidian canal is constant, which can be used as an anatomical marker of vidian neurotomy.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Seio Esfenoidal , Artérias , Denervação , Humanos , Cavidade Nasal
15.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(8): 615-622, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198247

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: La denervación renal es una intervención percutánea para el tratamiento de la hipertensión arterial resistente. Estudios aleatorizados han mostrado resultados contradictorios sobre su eficacia. Se presentan los resultados de un registro de denervación en pacientes con hipertensión resistente según práctica clínica en España. MÉTODOS: Registro multicéntrico de pacientes consecutivos con hipertensión arterial resistente tratados con denervación renal en España en el periodo 2009-2018. RESULTADOS: Se ha incluido a 125 pacientes (media de edad, 56±años; el 41% mujeres; media de 14±9 años de evolución de la hipertensión). La presión arterial sistólica y diastólica en la consulta y ambulatoria de 24 h disminuyeron a los 6 meses de la intervención (de 166±20/95±16 a 149±22/87±16mmHg y de 151±14/89±12 a 143±15/84±11; ambas, p < 0,0001). A los 12 meses se mantenía la reducción en la presión arterial con una disminución en el número de fármacos antihipertensivos de 4,9±1,2 a 4,4±1,5 (p = 0,0001). No hubo complicaciones importantes relacionadas con el procedimiento. La tasa de respuesta a la denervación al año fue del 80%, si bien con una amplia variabilidad entre centros. CONCLUSIONES: La denervación renal en pacientes con hipertensión resistente se relacionó con una disminución de las cifras de presión arterial en la consulta y, lo que es más importante, en la monitorización ambulatoria de presión arterial, con una disminución significativa del tratamiento farmacológico


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Renal denervation is a percutaneous intervention for the treatment of resistant hypertension. Randomized studies have shown contradictory results on its efficacy. We present the results of a renal denervation registry for the treatment of resistant hypertension in real-life patients in Spain. METHODS: Multicenter registry of consecutive patients with resistant hypertension treated with renal denervation in Spain between 2009 and 2018. RESULTS: We included 125 patients (mean age, 56 years; 41% female; mean onset of hypertension 14±9 years previously). Office systolic and diastolic blood pressure and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring decreased 6 months after the intervention (166±20/95±16 to 149±22/87±16 mmHg and 151±14/89±12 to 143±15/84±11, both P <.0001). At 12 months, the blood pressure reduction was maintained and the number of antihypertensive drugs decreased from 4.9±1.2 to 4.4±1.5 (P=.0001). There were no significant procedure-related complications. The response rate to denervation at 1 year was 80%, but there were wide differences between centers. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with resistant hypertension, treatment with renal denervation was related to a decrease in office blood pressure and, more importantly, in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, with a significant reduction in pharmacological treatment


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Simpatectomia/métodos , Hipertensão/terapia , Hipertensão Maligna/cirurgia , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Denervação/métodos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Registros de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e21098, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702857

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) are very common and often occur in hypertensive or obese individuals, as well as in patients presenting with either sleep apnea or structural cardiac disease. Sympathetic overactivity plays a crucial role in the development, continuation, and exacerbation of ventricular arrhythmias. Recent studies have reported the relevance of sympathetic activation in patients with ventricular arrhythmias and suggested a potential role for catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) in reducing the arrhythmic burden. PATIENT CONCERNS: We describe a 38-year-old female symptomatic patient that at the time of presentation was complaining of fatigue in response to minor and medium efforts and not tolerating any physical activity, and episodes of tachycardia associated with dyspnoea, pre-syncope, and syncope. DIAGNOSIS: She had a high incidence of polymorphic VEBs on 24-hour-Holter monitoring who also presented with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy for which she was treated with bisoprolol 10 mg/d. The 24-hour-Holter on bisoprolol at baseline showed sinus rhythm with an average heart rate of 92 bpm. There were 44,743 isolated VEBs. A total of 2538 nonsustained ventricular tachycardia events were registered. Her cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed an increase in LV diastolic diameter and impairment of the right ventricle. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent endocardial ablation of the right ventricular outflow tract and the LV free lateral wall, and concomitantly underwent bilateral RDN. OUTCOMES: Three months post-procedure, her 24-hour-Holter off medication demonstrated an average heart rate 72 bpm and a substantially reduced number of 2823 isolated monomorphic VEBs. Thus far, 18-months follow-up, she has been asymptomatic and doing physical exercises. CONCLUSION: In our current patient, we used RDN as a synergistic method to attenuate the sympathetic overactivity, which is narrowly linked to VEBs appearance. Our case report highlighted that RDN may become a potential adjuvant treatment for VEBs in the future.


Assuntos
Denervação/normas , Rim/fisiopatologia , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/terapia , Adulto , Denervação/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
19.
Eur. j. anat ; 24(4): 281-284, jul. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193961

RESUMO

Severe hamstring injuries warranting surgical repair are rare and mainly affect athletes, young and middle-aged people. A minority of these patients report postoperative complications of denervation. Symptoms of denervation range from muscle weakness to sciatic nerve palsy. Recent anatomical observations suggest that a recurrent motor nerve, which inserts into the proximal ham-strings, may be responsible for this denervation. The recurrent motor nerve was identified through cadaveric dissection and the site of nerve penetration into the muscle, measured 1.5 cm from the ischial tuberosity. This distance is significantly shorter than previous studies report. Awareness of this nerve branch is an important consideration in hamstring injury and repair. Due to its course, the recurrent motor nerve’s name is also a source of discussion


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Assuntos
Humanos , Nervo Isquiático/anatomia & histologia , Denervação/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/anatomia & histologia , Músculo Esquelético/inervação , Cadáver , Nervo Isquiático/patologia , Nervo Isquiático/cirurgia , Nervos Periféricos/anatomia & histologia
20.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 48(7): 680-684, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507669

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to analyse the consequences of masseter muscle denervation. In facial palsy surgical treatment, the masseteric nerve constitutes an important nerve source for facial reanimation due to its anatomical position and large amount of available axons. Computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging were performed in 30 control subjects, and three radiologists separately measured the longitudinal diameter (LD), anteroposterior diameter (APD), transverse diameter (TD), and skeletal muscle area (SMA) of the masseter muscles as reference values. Regarding the facial palsy group, from 2009 to 2018, 11 patients (4 men and 7 women) were selected on the following inclusion criteria: diagnosis of unilateral facial paralysis, minimum follow-up of 14 months, absence of temporomandibular dysfunction, presence of complete dentition (to minimise bias of stomatognathic evaluation), complete clinical and radiological records. The mean LD, APD, TD, and SMA values of the healthy and denervated masseter muscles were obtained and compared. Stomatognathic function was clinically examined through mean mouth opening (MMO) and Maximum Bite Force (MBF). Furthermore, facial symmetry analysis (FSA) was carried out using EMOTRICS Software. Reference values obtained were as follows: mean LD = 69 ± 5.9 mm (range: 59-85 mm); mean APD = 40.2 ± 3.3 mm (range: 34-48 mm); mean TD = 15.5 ± 3.1 mm (range: 11-26 mm); and mean SMA = 43.8 ± 13.5 mm3 (range: 26-85.8 mm3). No statistically significant difference was observed between the healthy facial palsy groups's masseter muscles and reference values. As the latter, in denervated masseter muscles, no statistically significant difference was observed for APD value in contrast to LD, TD and SMA that showed statistically significant difference in comparison with control population (p < 0.05, CI 95%). Moreover fibro-adipose degeneration was consistently observed, with its degree being directly proportional to the denervation time. MMO and MBF mean values were, respectively, 54.75 mm in men, 44.4 mm in women and 705N. None of the latter showed a statistically significant difference with respect to the control population and the parameters present in the literature, indicating that masseter-facial neurorrhaphy is a safe and effective procedure for facial reanimation with good functional and aesthetic outcomes.


Assuntos
Paralisia Facial/cirurgia , Transferência de Nervo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Denervação , Estética Dentária , Nervo Facial/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Masseter
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