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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 756-759, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020358

RESUMO

AIM: The cervical vertebral maturation (CVM) method has proved to be effective to assess the adolescent growth peak in both body height and mandibular size. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images can be used to detect the changes of cervical vertebral bone mineral density (BMD) distribution and whether these changes are associated with CVM changes and mandibular length. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples were collected from the patients of age group between 9 years and 15 years of both sexes, who reported to the Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, RajaRajeswari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru. All the measurements were done on constructed CBCT three-dimensional images. Gray levels, which are equivalent to the BMD, were obtained for C2 and C3 vertebrae at pretreatment (T1) and six months after starting the treatment (T2). The vertebral variables [mean, standard deviation (SD)], CVM stages, and mandibular length between T1 and T2 were compared. RESULTS: Significant changes in the examined variables were detected during the observation period. The BMD values showed a positive correlation with mandibular length increments. CONCLUSION: The CBCT is an effective tool to analyze the volumetric parameter of BMD in routine dentofacial orthopedics and the BMD distribution changed because of active bone remodeling during the maturation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study proves that CBCT imaging can provide additional information about the growth status of a patient above and beyond that obtained from two-dimensional cephalometric radiographs. CBCT is an effective tool to analyze the volumetric parameter of BMD in routine dentofacial orthopedics with better accuracy and minimum distortion.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Cefalometria , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 765-771, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045789

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the anatomical morphological characteristics of the trabecular bone of human mandibular condyle by observing the distribution of volume of interests (VOI). Methods: The micro-CT images of a right condyle specimen of a 61-year-old adult male was analyzed in this study. The cylindrical VOI with both diameter and height of 2 mm were arranged, according to a certain pattern, as many as possible at various levels within the trabecular bone of the condyle. Each VOI had no intersection area. The selected VOI were divided into 5 parts: medial part, middle part, lateral part, anterior part and posterior part, with 6 layers from top to bottom. And the distribution of the overall anatomical morphological characteristics of three-dimensional (3D) images of the trabecular bone of the condyle was analyzed by using seven morphological parameters of each VOI, i.e. bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume/total volume (BV/TV), bone surface area/bone volume (BS/BV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular bone number (Tb.N), trabecular spacing (Tb.Sp) and trabecular bone pattern factor (Tb.Pf). Results: In the present study, totally 34 VOI were selected from the condyle specimen.The morphological distribution of the VOI was uneven in the 3D structure of the trabecular bone of the human condyle. BMD, BV/TV, Tb.N and Tb.Th were much higher at the middle part, while showed the smallest at the medial part. The anterior part demonstrated much higher parameters than the posterior part at the first, second, fifth and sixth layers, respectively, however, the posterior part showed much higher parameters than the anterior part at the third and fourth layers, respectively. The BMD was much higher at the first [(332.66±97.11) mg/cm3] and sixth [(255.79±45.68) mg/cm3] layers, while the lowest at the second layer [(255.79±41.06) mg/cm3]. The BV/TV and Tb.N were much higher at the first layer, with the lowest at the fifth layer. The Tb.Th at the first layer [(0.11±0.03) mm] was much higher than the others, which were similarly lower. The BS/BV, Tb.Sp and Tb.Pf were lower at the first layer and much higher at the medial and lateral parts, while were lower at the middle and anterior parts. The posterior part demonstrated much higher BS/BV, Tb.Sp and Tb.Pf than the anterior part at the first, fifth and sixth layers, respectively. However, the anterior part showed much higher scores than the posterior part at the third and fourth layers, respectively. The ANOVA results showed that the 7 morphological parameters of VOI were not statistically significant amongst the 6 layers (P>0.05). However, the 6 out of the 7 parameters, i.e. BV/TV, BS/BV, Tb.Th, Tb.N, Tb.Sp and Tb.Pf, were statistically significant amongst the five parts (P<0.05), while the only parameter of BMD was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusions: The anatomical distribution characteristics of the trabecular bone of condyle were analyzed by using 3D imaging measurement based on the VOI. The results showed uneven distributions and indicated that the method of dividing the trabecular bone of mandibular condyle into VOI sets, which accorded with its specific anatomical characteristics, was feasible for further reference.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Imageamento Tridimensional , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Microtomografia por Raio-X
3.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1520, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: New approaches on paediatric cancer treatment aim to maintain long-term health. As a result of radiotherapy, chemotherapy or surgery, paediatric cancer survivors tend to suffer from any chronic health condition. Endocrine dysfunction represents one of the most common issues and affects bone health. Exercise is key for bone mass accrual during growth, specifically plyometric jump training. The iBoneFIT study will investigate the effect of a 9-month online exercise programme on bone health in paediatric cancer survivors. This study will also examine the effect of the intervention on body composition, physical fitness, physical activity, calcium intake, vitamin D, blood samples quality of life and mental health. METHODS: A minimum of 116 participants aged 6 to 18 years will be randomized into an intervention (n = 58) or control group (n = 58). The intervention group will receive an online exercise programme and diet counselling on calcium and vitamin D. In addition, five behaviour change techniques and a gamification design will be implemented in order to increase the interest of this non-game programme. The control group will only receive diet counselling. Participants will be assessed on 3 occasions: 1) at baseline; 2) after the 9 months of the intervention; 3) 4 months following the intervention. The primary outcome will be determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and the hip structural analysis, trabecular bone score and 3D-DXA softwares. Secondary outcomes will include anthropometry, body composition, physical fitness, physical activity, calcium and vitamin D intake, blood samples, quality of life and mental health. DISCUSSION: Whether a simple, feasible and short in duration exercise programme can improve bone health has not been examined in paediatric cancer survivors. This article describes the design, rationale and methods of a study intended to test the effect of a rigorous online exercise programme on bone health in paediatric cancer survivors. If successful, the iBoneFIT study will contribute to decrease chronic health conditions in this population and will have a positive impact in the society. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Prospectively registered in isrctn.com: isrctn61195625 . Registered 2 April 2020.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa
4.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1200-1209, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862689

RESUMO

AIMS: We quantitatively compared the 3D bone density distributions on CT scans performed on scaphoid waist fractures subacutely that went on to union or nonunion, and assessed whether 2D CT evaluations correlate with 3D bone density evaluations. METHODS: We constructed 3D models from 17 scaphoid waist fracture CTs performed between four to 18 weeks after fracture that did not unite (nonunion group), 17 age-matched scaphoid waist fracture CTs that healed (union group), and 17 age-matched control CTs without injury (control group). We measured the 3D bone density for the distal and proximal fragments relative to the triquetrum bone density and compared findings among the three groups. We then performed bone density measurements using 2D CT and evaluated the correlation with 3D bone densities. We identified the optimal cutoff with diagnostic values of the 2D method to predict nonunion with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: In the nonunion group, both the distal (100.2%) and proximal (126.6%) fragments had a significantly higher bone density compared to the union (distal: 85.7%; proximal: 108.3%) or control groups (distal: 91.6%; proximal: 109.1%) using the 3D bone density measurement, which were statistically significant for all comparisons. 2D measurements were highly correlated to 3D bone density measurements (Spearman's correlation coefficient (R) = 0.85 to 0.95). Using 2D measurements, ROC curve analysis revealed the optimal cutoffs of 90.8% and 116.3% for distal and proximal fragments. This led to a sensitivity of 1.00 if either cutoff is met and a specificity of 0.82 when both cutoffs are met. CONCLUSION: Using 3D modelling software, nonunions were found to exhibit bone density increases in both the distal and proximal fragments in CTs performed between four to 18 weeks after fracture during the course of treatment. 2D bone density measurements using standard CT scans correlate well with 3D models. In patients with scaphoid fractures, CT bone density measurements may be useful in predicting the likelihood of nonunion. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1200-1209.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas não Consolidadas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional , Osso Escafoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Escafoide/lesões , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adolescente , Adulto , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 203: 111031, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888610

RESUMO

Bone mineral density (BMD) changes were reported to be associated with excessive fluoride exposure and abnormal expression of RUNX2. However, whether the alteration of methylation status, a most commonly used marker for the alteration of gene expression in epidemiological investigation, of RUNX2 is associated with low-to-moderate fluoride exposure and BMD changes has not been reported. Our study aims to explore the role of RUNX2 promoter methylation in BMD changes induced by low-to-moderate fluoride exposure. A total of 1124 adults (413 men and 711 women) were recruited from Kaifeng City in 2017. We measured BMD using ultrasound bone densitometer. Concentrations of urinary fluoride (UF) were measured using ion-selective electrode, and the participants were grouped into control group (CG) and excessive fluoride group (EFG) according to the concentration of UF. We extracted DNA from fasting peripheral blood samples and then detected the promoter methylation levels of RUNX2 using quantitative methylation-specific PCR. Relationships between UF concentration, RUNX2 promoter methylation and BMD changes were analyzed using generalized linear model and logistic regression. Results showed in EFG (UF concentration > 1.6 mg/L), BMD was negatively correlated with UF concentration (ß: -0.14; 95%CI: -0.26, -0.01) and RUNX2 promoter methylation (ß: -0.13; 95%CI: -0.22, -0.03) in women. The methylation rate of RUNX2 promoter increased by 2.16% for each 1 mg/L increment in UF concentration of women in EFG (95%CI: 0.37, 3.96). No any significant associations between UF concentration, RUNX2 promoter methylation, and BMD were observed in the individuals in CG. Mediation analysis showed that RUNX2 promoter methylation mediated 18.2% (95% CI: 4.2%, 53.2%) of the association between UF concentration and BMD of women in EFG. In conclusion, excessive fluoride exposure (>1.6 mg/L) is associated with changes of BMD in women, and this association is mediated by RUNX2 promoter methylation.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Fluoretos/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Idoso , Densidade Óssea/genética , China , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fluoretos/urina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Poluentes Químicos da Água/urina
6.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(5): 955-964, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991646

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the effects of drilling protocol and bone density on the primary stability of implants with different macrogeometries currently used in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro study compared the designs of two implants: Biomimetic Coral, a parallel-walled design with a slightly expanded platform and a symmetric progressive thread; and tapered Biomimetic Ocean, a reverse coronal design with an asymmetric progressive thread. The drilling alternatives were grouped according to the standard sequence for each type, plus an extra drill for hard bone, using laminated blocks with different densities. The insertion torques and implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were obtained with a surgical motor and resonance frequency analysis (RFA), respectively. RESULTS: A total of 120 implants (n = 60 Ocean, n = 60 Coral) were inserted and analyzed without registering any deviation from the protocol. The Coral implants presented significantly higher insertion torque values (P < .001), consistent with optimal osseointegration, for the standard drill, the dense bone drill, and the screw tap. Insertion torque was not affected by the drilling sequence (P = .124), and the effect of interaction between the implant design and drilling sequence was not significant (P = .940). Statistically significant differences were observed in insertion torque values due to the type of implant but not due to the bone density. The ISQ values were significantly higher (P < .001) for the Coral design. In both the Ocean and Coral implants, ISQ was affected by the drilling sequence (P < .001), as the ISQ values were higher in the standard sequence with screw tap drilling than in the standard sequence with a dense bone drill. A positive correlation was found between the insertion torque and ISQ values. CONCLUSION: The macrogeometry of the implant and the drilling sequence have a significant effect on both primary stability values (ISQ and insertion torque). The values for the Coral implant were statistically higher but still within the range required to achieve proper osseointegration. These results support the drilling sequence recommended by the manufacturer for this type of implant, using larger-diameter drills and screw taps in sites with harder or cortical bone.


Assuntos
Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Implantes Dentários , Densidade Óssea , Osseointegração , Análise de Frequência de Ressonância
7.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 773-782, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895661

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the mandibular cortical width (MCW) and morphology of the mandibular inferior cortex (MIC) on panoramic views from a large sample of males and females in various age groups by using an automated morphometric grading system for assisting osteoporosis screening. Furthermore, possible predictors and concrete cut-off values to identify the risk for osteoporosis were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MCW, MIC, tooth loss (TL), and alveolar bone loss (ABL) were retrospectively evaluated in 700 panoramic images from dental patients in Hong Kong using commercially available software. To estimate possible predictors for identifying the risk of osteoporosis, age, TL, and ABL were evaluated with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for each gender separately. RESULTS: The age groups 60s (sixties), 70s and 80s showed statistically significant gender differences. For example, a smaller MCW and more MIC Class 3 were found in females. Furthermore, females exhibited a statistically significant increase in TL in the age groups 50 years and above. In males, age, TL or ABL did not correlate with MCW, whereas in females it statistically significantly did. Meanwhile, the correlation between ABL and MCW and MIC was weak for both genders. Concrete cut-off values to identify patients at risk of osteoporosis were 60.15 years and 3.5 missing teeth in females, and 72.55 years in males. CONCLUSION: Age and tooth loss were related to MCW and MIC in the population investigated. An age of ≥60 as well as more than 3.5 teeth lost seem to be indicators for a risk of osteoporosis in Chinese females based on panoramic views using artificial-intelligence-based software.


Assuntos
Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Osteoporose , Perda de Dente , Absorciometria de Fóton , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Radiografia Panorâmica , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Lancet ; 396(10252): 684-692, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no effective therapies for achondroplasia. An open-label study suggested that vosoritide administration might increase growth velocity in children with achondroplasia. This phase 3 trial was designed to further assess these preliminary findings. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind, phase 3, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial compared once-daily subcutaneous administration of vosoritide with placebo in children with achondroplasia. The trial was done in hospitals at 24 sites in seven countries (Australia, Germany, Japan, Spain, Turkey, the USA, and the UK). Eligible patients had a clinical diagnosis of achondroplasia, were ambulatory, had participated for 6 months in a baseline growth study and were aged 5 to less than 18 years at enrolment. Randomisation was done by means of a voice or web-response system, stratified according to sex and Tanner stage. Participants, investigators, and trial sponsor were masked to group assignment. Participants received either vosoritide 15·0 µg/kg or placebo, as allocated, for the duration of the 52-week treatment period administered by daily subcutaneous injections in their homes by trained caregivers. The primary endpoint was change from baseline in mean annualised growth velocity at 52 weeks in treated patients as compared with controls. All randomly assigned patients were included in the efficacy analyses (n=121). All patients who received one dose of vosoritide or placebo (n=121) were included in the safety analyses. The trial is complete and is registered, with EudraCT, number, 2015-003836-11. FINDINGS: All participants were recruited from Dec 12, 2016, to Nov 7, 2018, with 60 assigned to receive vosoritide and 61 to receive placebo. Of 124 patients screened for eligibility, 121 patients were randomly assigned, and 119 patients completed the 52-week trial. The adjusted mean difference in annualised growth velocity between patients in the vosoritide group and placebo group was 1·57 cm/year in favour of vosoritide (95% CI [1·22-1·93]; two-sided p<0·0001). A total of 119 patients had at least one adverse event; vosoritide group, 59 (98%), and placebo group, 60 (98%). None of the serious adverse events were considered to be treatment related and no deaths occurred. INTERPRETATION: Vosoritide is an effective treatment to increase growth in children with achondroplasia. It is not known whether final adult height will be increased, or what the harms of long-term therapy might be. FUNDING: BioMarin Pharmaceutical.


Assuntos
Acondroplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeo Natriurético Tipo C/análogos & derivados , Osteogênese , Absorciometria de Fóton , Acondroplasia/sangue , Adolescente , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estatura , Densidade Óssea , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colágeno Tipo X/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Reação no Local da Injeção , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Peptídeo Natriurético Tipo C/uso terapêutico
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21928, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a clinically common metabolic disease, especially in postmenopausal women. Tai Chi might be beneficial in osteoporosis patients. This study will be performed to examine the effects of Tai Chi on bone mineral density of postmenopausal osteoporosis. METHODS: We will search the electronical databases and hand-searching journals or reference lists. The study screening and data extraction will be carried out by 2 investigators independently. The primary outcome is bone mineral density (lumbar spine, Ward's triangle, trochanter, proximal femur, femoral neck, or total hip). Secondary outcomes are pain score, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and adverse effects. Review Manager V.5.3 software will be used to compute the data. RESULTS: The results of the study will provide a reliable evidence to assess the effects of Tai Chi on bone mineral density of postmenopausal osteoporosis. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of our systematic review will answer whether Tai Chi is an effective intervention to improve bone mineral density of postmenopausal osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/terapia , Tai Ji , Feminino , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Medição da Dor , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22385, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Reduced bone mineral density and increased risk of falls are related with Alzheimer disease, and these increase likelihood of bone osteoporotic fractures causing serious complications such as disability, fear of falling, loss autonomy, decreased quality of life, and anticipated mortality in elderly patients. Gait and balance disturb are 2 factors to favor falls in elderly, and in patients with cognitive impairment, the risk of falls increases to double. Exercise and Mediterranean diet produce beneficial effects for aging, cognitive decline, and are widely recommended to reduce the effects of osteoporosis, fall risk, and related fragility fractures. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the short and medium-term effects during 6 months, of a multicomponent physical exercise program with a Mediterranean diet on bone mineral density, fall risk, balance, and gait by a controlled clinical trial in patients with Alzheimer disease. METHODS: The study is a 6-month, randomized controlled parallel-group, single-blinded clinical trial. Institutionalized patients with Alzheimer disease will be included. The intervention group will perform a multicomponent physical exercise program in reduced groups, with a frequency of 3 sessions per week, associated with a Mediterranean diet. This program includes strength, balance, and aerobic resistance exercises, and in the main part of the session, also ludic exercises to improve agility, coordination, and balance. The control group will receive usual care. The outcomes to assess are the change of physical functions, such as gait and balance, and the change of bone mineral density by calcaneal quantitative ultrasound, during the study follow-up at 1, 3, and 6 months. This clinical trial will generate more and new evidence on the effects of a multicomponent physical exercise program and Mediterranean diet in patients with Alzheimer disease on risk of falls and osteoporotic fractures, the relation of these with bone mineral density, gait and balance, and the correlations between them. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study protocol has been approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Salamanca. The results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and disseminated in national and international conferences, to the participants and their families, and the general public through the associations of people with AD. TRIAL REGISTRATION ID: ClínicalTrials.gov ID: NCT04439097.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Densidade Óssea , Dieta Mediterrânea , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Marcha , Humanos , Masculino , Equilíbrio Postural , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22178, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925788

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP), which is a common and frequently occurring age-related metabolic bone disease in perimenopausal women, severely affects patients living quality. Modern medicine therapies for PMOP have several problems such as side reactions, low compliance, and high costs. Thus, nonpharmacological modality is urgently needed. Although acupoint thread embedding treatment is widely used in clinical practice, there is no persuasive evidence of its effect on increasing bone mass for PMOP. This experiment aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of acupoint thread embedding on PMOP and elucidate the correlations among brain neural activation, bone mineral density (BMD), and clinical outcomes with magnetic resonance evidence, thus to explore its neural mechanism. METHODS: This parallel designed, exploratory randomized, controlled, assessor-statistician-blinded, positive medicine clinical trial will include 70 participants with PMOP recruited from 2 traditional Chinese Medicine hospitals. These participants will be randomly allocated to a treatment group (Group Embedding) and a control group (Group Medication) in a 1:1 ratio. Participants in the treatment group will receive acupoint thread embedding treatment once 2 weeks in the following predefined acupoints: Shenshu (BL23), Sanyinjiao (SP6), Guanyuan (RN4), Ganshu (BL18), Dazhu (BL11), Xuanzhong (GB39), Zusanli (ST36), and Pishu (BL20). Meanwhile, the participants in the control group will take 0.3 mg Climen tablet orally, 1 tablet/day; every month has a schedule of the 21-day-continuous-taking-medicine period, and 7-day tablet-free period. There is a study period of 3 months and a follow-up period of 1 month for each group. The primary outcomes will be the following therapeutic indexed: Short-Form of McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ), Osteoporosis Symptom Score during the observation period and follow-up period. The secondary outcomes will be Osteoporosis Quality of Life Scale (OQOLS), 16-item Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life in Osteoporosis. In addition, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans and bone density test will be done before and after the observation period to show cranial neuroimaging changes. All the outcomes will be evaluated before and after treatment. The safety of interventions will be assessed at every visit. DISCUSSION: We present study design and rationale to explore the effectiveness and neural mechanism of acupoint thread embedding for PMOP through these outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-INR-17011491.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Categute , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/terapia , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Densidade Óssea , Acetato de Ciproterona/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Estradiol/análogos & derivados , Estradiol/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Método Simples-Cego
12.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(3): 457-464, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769283

RESUMO

Aim: Mandibular cortical index has proven to be inversely correlated to bone densitometry; however, trabecular bone pattern has not been widely studied. Thus, the main objectives of this study were: (1) to analyze the correlations between three different sites of peripheral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry with the mandibular cortical index and the trabecular bone pattern classification; (2) to assess the correlation between the mandibular cortical index and the trabecular bone pattern; (3) to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the mandibular cortical index and the trabecular bone pattern using panoramic radiographs in a sample of Brazilian men. Additionally, peripheral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry findings in men were described. Materials and Methods: There are about 44 men who had previously undergone panoramic radiography and bone densitometry were evaluated. Mandibular cortical index and trabecular bone pattern classifications were performed. The median T-scores of the men were analyzed. Spearman's test was performed to assess correlations. Results: An inverse correlation was found between mandibular cortical index and proximal bone densitometry site. No correlation was found between mandibular cortical index and trabecular bone pattern or between peripheral densitometry and trabecular bone pattern. Greater accuracy was observed in mandibular cortical index when compared to trabecular bone pattern. Mandibular cortical index evaluations by panoramic radiographs are a useful screening tool for low bone mineral density, but trabecular bone pattern cannot be applied to screen patients for osteoporosis risk. Mandibular cortical index has an inverse correlation with proximal sites of forearm densitometry.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Mandíbula , Absorciometria de Fóton , Brasil , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia Panorâmica
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791600

RESUMO

The main clinical manifestations of the tumors in the middle ear are hearing loss, intact tympanic membrane, and conductive hearing damage. CT shows soft tissue lesions and abnormal bony lesions in the middle ear. The tumors were completely removed by operation and confirmed by pathology as myxoma and bony structure tumor.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Condutiva , Mixoma , Densidade Óssea , Orelha Média , Humanos , Membrana Timpânica
14.
Wiad Lek ; 73(4): 708-714, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The lumbar lordosis angle measured by radiology under normal conditions is between 135-1400. Any deviation from the values is associated with a change in static-dynamic loads and should translate into a change in bone tissue within the lumbar-sacral border, which results from a change in the distribution of load forces acting on individual parts of the vertebral bodies. The aim: To determine the relationship between individual variants of lordosis (hypolordosis, hyperlordosis, norm) and the general density of the spongy part of individual vertebral bodies and in selected zones of the lumbosacral zone (L5 / S1). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Material and methods: The study group was a population of women over 50 (n = 277), it was divided into three subgroups, i.e. women with: normal, shallow and deepened lordosis. In the sagittal view, the density of vertebral bodies from L1 to S1 was assessed. RESULTS: Results: The difference in the overall density of individual stems between normal lordosis and extreme values was significant (p≥0.05) only for the L1, L2 and S1 vertebrae, whereas in the case of an excessive lordosis angle, the density of spongy bone tissue showed significant differences for all measurement points. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Deviations from the correct values of the lumbar lordosis angle result in a change in compressive and shear forces, which is reflected in the reconstruction of bonetissue. This can be a clue to differentiate the physiotherapy program of women reporting back pain - depending on the size of the lumbar lordosis angle.


Assuntos
Lordose , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Sacro
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237887, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817652

RESUMO

The effects of High-Intensity Functional Training (HIFT) on body composition and the relationship of the latter with performance are not well defined. In this work we investigated, by means of Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry, the relative proportions of fat-, lean soft tissue-, and mineral mass in CrossFit® (CF, a popular mode of HIFT) participants (n = 24; age, 28.2 ± 3.39 y; BMI, 25.3 ± 2.04 kg/m2) with at least 1 year of CF training experience and weekly amount of training > 10 h/w (n = 13; Higher Training, HT) or < 10 h/w (n = 11; Lower Training, LT) as well as age- matched and BMI-matched physically active controls (CHT, CLT). Performance was assessed in the "Fran" workout. Data were analyzed by one-way or repeated measures ANOVA where needed. Association between variables was assessed with the Pearson's correlation coefficient r. Partial correlation was used where needed. Results showed that HT performed better than LT in the "Fran" (P < 0.001) and they had higher whole-body bone mineral density (P = 0.026) and higher lean soft mass (P = 0.002), and borderline lower percent fat mass (P = 0.050). The main difference between CF participants (HT, LT) and their respective controls (CHT, CLT) was a lower adiposity in the former. In CF participants, performance positively correlated with appendicular lean soft tissue mass (P = 0.030). It can be concluded that, in CF participants, a higher amount of weekly training improves most notably lean body mass and increases performance in association with increased skeletal muscle mass. CF participation is especially effective in reducing fat mass vs. age- and BMI-matched physically active controls.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Absorciometria de Fóton , Tecido Adiposo , Adiposidade/fisiologia , Adulto , Braço/fisiologia , Glicemia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Capilares/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/anatomia & histologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21089, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a very tricky orthopedic disorder. If such condition cannot be managed fairly well, it may significantly affect quality of life and even leads to disability among such population. A variety of studies have reported that alendronate is utilized for the treatment of AS. However, their results are still contrary, and no systematic review has addressed on this topic. Thus, this study will systematically assess the efficacy and safety of alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search will be performed from the below electronic databases from their commencement to the January 31, 2020 without language and publication status limitations: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, WANGFANG, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Only randomized controlled trials focusing on the alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS will be considered for inclusion in this study. Two authors will independently select all identified records, extract essential data from all included studies, and appraise study quality for each eligible trial using Cochrane risk of bias. If any differences occur, another experienced author will be invited to solve them by discussion and a consensus decision will be made. We will implement RevMan 5.3 software to analyze the extracted data. RESULTS: This study will summarize high-quality randomized controlled trials to assess the efficacy and safety of alendronate for the treatment of patients with AS through primary outcome of bone densitometry; and secondary outcomes of pain intensity, quality of life, disease activity, functional status, and adverse events. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence to help determine whether alendronate is an effective and safe management for patient with AS or not. STUDY REGISTRATION: INPLASY202040153.


Assuntos
Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Alendronato/efeitos adversos , Densidade Óssea , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Dor Musculoesquelética/etiologia , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
17.
Georgian Med News ; (303): 93-97, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841188

RESUMO

The aim of work was to evaluate the efficacy of combination therapy with vitamin D metabolites on mineral bone density and markers of bone remodeling in postmenopausal women with arterial hypertension, obesity and vitamin D deficiency working in adverse environmental conditions. We examined 95 women aged from 48 to 60 years, 79 people (main group) had arterial hypertension, obesity and deficiency vitamin D and worked in adverse conditions of production, 16 were healthy women. The main group depending on the conducted treatment were divided into 3 groups: А group - received standard antihypertensive therapy, Cholecalciferol and Alfacalcidol; group B - standard antihypertensive therapy and Cholecalciferol; group C - standard antihypertensive therapy. The examination included anthropometric measurements (body weight, height, calculation of body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, calculation of index waist circumference / hip circumference), measurement of blood pressure, laboratory tests - determination of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, C-terminal telopeptide, osteocalcin, osteoprotegerin, instrumental study of mineral density of bone tissue (the definition of T-criterion). The dynamics of the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, C-terminal telopeptide, osteocalcin, osteoprotegerin and mineral density of bone tissue after 6 and 12 months. The results showed a positive effect of Cholecalciferol and Alfacalcidol on the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, markers of bone formation in serum and parameters of mineral bone density in women. However, combination therapy with vitamin D metabolites showed a more pronounced effect on the processes of bone formation and mineral density of bone tissue (p<0.05). Found that the lack of correction of deficiency and insufficiency of vitamin D contributes to the progressive decrease in mineral density of bone tissue and disruption of the processes of bone formation. Combination therapy with vitamin D metabolites is effective (p<0.05) and pathogenetically justified in the treatment of vitamin D deficiency and structural and functional changes of bone tissue in postmenopausal women with arterial hypertension and obesity, working in adverse environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Densidade Óssea , Osso e Ossos , Colecalciferol , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Vitamina D
18.
Georgian Med News ; (303): 109-113, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841191

RESUMO

Metabolism changes play a key role in many mammalian diseases such as decreasing bone mineral density, osteoporosis, digestive disorders. Lactose intolerance is found in 75% of the in human world's population. The aim of this study was evaluation of the genetic aspects of lactase deficiency in different ethnic groups and its relation with pathologies of bone tissue and gastrointestinal tract. The world data of lactose tolerance, hip fracture incidence, digestive diseases were derived from websites the International Osteoporosis Foundation and World Health Organization. Statistical analysis was carried out by Shapiro-Wilk test, Spearman correlation. An analysis of the world population showed that the lactose tolerance parameters have a statistically significant positive correlation with the hip fractures frequency (r=0.656) and a negative correlation with digestion diseases mortality (r=-0.577). An important factor in the pathologies prevention is the diet correction taking into account the phenotype and genotype of lactose tolerance.


Assuntos
Lactase , Intolerância à Lactose , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Humanos , Lactose
20.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 183(4): 427-437, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32688336

RESUMO

Objective: Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) excess results in both reversible and irreversible musculoskeletal damage, including increased vertebral fracture (VF) risk. The prevalence of VFs is approximately 60% in controlled acromegaly patients, and these VFs can progress in time. We aimed to identify the course of VFs in a cohort of acromegaly patients in long-term remission and their associated risk factors during prolonged follow-up. Methods: Thirty-one patients with acromegaly (49% female, median age 60 years (IQR 53-66)), who were in remission for ≥2 years, were included in this longitudinal, prospective, follow-up study. Spine radiographs of vertebrae Th4 to L4 were assessed for VFs using the Genant score, at baseline, after 2.6 years and 9.1 years. Progression was defined as either a new fracture or a ≥1-point increase in Genant score. Results: The prevalence of VF at baseline was 87% (27/31 patients). Progression of VFs was observed in eleven patients (35.5%) during the 9.1-year follow-up period, with a total incidence rate of 65.5 per 1000 person years (males 59.8 per 1000 person years vs females 71.6 per 1000 person years). Patients treated with surgery or radiotherapy had a higher risk of VF progression in this cohort (P = 0.030). Conclusions: In this cohort of long-term, well-controlled acromegalic patients, the prevalence and progression of VFs was high, showing that the deleterious effects of GH and IGF-1 excess on bone persist despite achievement of longstanding remission.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Acromegalia/etiologia , Acromegalia/terapia , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adenoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Densidade Óssea , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/complicações , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento/terapia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia
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