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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824745

RESUMO

A novel and highly sensitive high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method was developed and validated to quantify a combination of five pharmaceutical mixtures spiked to human plasma. The compounds comprised Amlodipine (AML) along with five angiotensin II receptor antagonist drugs (AIIRAs), namely Olmesartan (OLM), Telmisartan (TLM), Candesartan (CAN), Losartan (LOS), and Irbesartan (IRB). HPTLC was performed on silica gel 60 F254 plates using a mobile phase of Toluene: ethyl acetate: methanol: acetone: acetic acid (6:1.5:1:0.5:1, v/v/v/v/v). In a pioneering move, a reflectance/fluorescence detection mode was employed to identify two concurrently administered drugs at different pH levels for the first time. This method utilized the same chromatographic system, incorporating a specific measurement for AML at a neutral medium to achieve its maximum fluorescence at a 360 nm excitation wavelength, and measuring emission using a 540 nm optical filter. The process involved obtaining a very low fluorescence response from AIIRA. Subsequently, to enhance AIIRA's fluorescence, the plate was sprayed with perchloric acid to transition to a strong acidic medium, ultimately attaining the maximum fluorescence of AIIRA using various excitation wavelengths and a 400 nm emission filter. Through this strategic process, we could optimize the fluorescence signals of both drugs, thereby elevating the sensitivity of detection for this drug combination. AML demonstrated a linear range of 18-300 ng/band, while AIIRAs drugs exhibited a linear range of 6-150 ng/band. The method satisfied the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) criteria for recovery, precision, repeatability, and robustness, showcasing exceptional sensitivity. The approach was successfully applied to quantify AML and AIIRAs drugs in both bulk drug and plasma samples, achieving high recovery percentages and minimal standard deviations.


Assuntos
Anlodipino , Densitometria , Limite de Detecção , Anlodipino/sangue , Humanos , Cromatografia em Camada Fina/métodos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Densitometria/métodos , Modelos Lineares , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/sangue , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
2.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 294, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38943020

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical significance of the correlation between optical densitometry and both biomechanical and morphological parameters in keratoconus (KC) and to verify the diagnostic value of optical densitometry in KC. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 436 eyes of 295 patients with KC. Corneal optical densitometry, morphological parameters and biomechanical parameters were measured. Spearman's correlation analysis was employed to investigate the association between optical densitometry and both biomechanical and morphological parameters. RESULT: Optical densitometry of the anterior (0-2 mm and 2-6 mm), central (0-2 mm), posterior (2-6 mm) and total (2-6 mm) layers correlated positively with SPA1, while the posterior layer (0-2 mm) correlated negatively. Optical densitometry of the anterior layers 2-6 mm, 6-10 mm, and the central layer 6-10 mm negatively affected AL1, while the posterior layer 0-2 mm positively affected it. Optical densitometry of the anterior, central, and posterior layers 0-2 mm and 2-6 mm positively influenced the morphological parameters K1F, K2F, KmF and the absolute values of K1B, K2B, KmB. Optical densitometry of the center (0-2 mm) and posterior (2-6 mm) layers negatively influenced TCT. Optical densitometry of the anterior (0-2 mm and 2-6 mm), center (0-2 mm), posterior (2-6 mm) and total (2-6 mm) layers correlated positively with ACE and PCE, whereas the posterior layer (0-2 mm) correlated negatively. CONCLUSION: Optical densitometry was correlated with biomechanical and morphological parameters in keratoconus, suggesting its potential as a diagnostic indicator for assessing keratoconus progression and treatment efficacy.


Assuntos
Córnea , Topografia da Córnea , Densitometria , Ceratocone , Humanos , Ceratocone/diagnóstico , Ceratocone/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Densitometria/métodos , Masculino , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Córnea/patologia , Adulto , Topografia da Córnea/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
3.
J Refract Surg ; 40(5): e291-e303, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare differences in corneal densitometry (CD) and higher order aberrations (HOAs) in eyes that underwent small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) for the treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism at postoperative months 3, 6, and 12, and to evaluate their changes in a separate cohort of eyes after SMILE enhancement. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, paired-eye clinical trial, consecutive eligible participants were randomized to undergo SMILE or FS-LASIK in either eye. Main outcome measures were CD and HOAs preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. A separate cohort of consecutive patients who had SMILE and underwent enhancement were also included for comparison. RESULTS: For CD, no significant differences were found between SMILE and FS-LASIK up to month 12. For HOA measured by wavefront aberrometry, both SMILE and FS-LASIK had an increase in total root mean square (RMS) HOAs, spherical aberration (SA), and vertical coma up to month 12. SMILE had an additional increase in vertical quatrefoil, and FS-LASIK had an increase in horizontal coma at month 12. FS-LASIK had higher SA than SMILE, whereas SMILE had higher vertical quatrefoil than FS-LASIK at month 12. Central and posterior zone CD had significantly decreased after SMILE enhancement compared to after primary SMILE up to 2 years after enhancement. RMS HOAs, lower order aberrations, and SA were all increased after SMILE enhancement compared to after primary SMILE. CONCLUSIONS: SMILE induced lower SA but higher vertical quatrefoil than FS-LASIK at 1 year. Both SMILE and FS-LASIK had similar increases in RMS HOAs and vertical coma up to 1 year. There were no differences in CD between both groups. SMILE enhancement additionally had decreased central and posterior CD but greater RMS HOAs and SA compared to primary SMILE. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(5):e291-e303.].


Assuntos
Aberrometria , Astigmatismo , Córnea , Substância Própria , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea , Densitometria , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Lasers de Excimer , Miopia , Refração Ocular , Acuidade Visual , Humanos , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Miopia/cirurgia , Miopia/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Córnea/cirurgia , Córnea/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Astigmatismo/fisiopatologia , Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser/métodos , Topografia da Córnea
4.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 230, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standardized corneal densitometry (CD) values in large samples of healthy Chinese individuals are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to determine the standard CD values using a Scheimpflug camera in healthy corneas, investigate the correlations of sex, age, and ocular parameters with corneal density, and explore the impact of corneal density on the forward scattering and optical quality of the eye. METHODS: This retrospective observational study involved 990 healthy Chinese individuals, including 494 males and 496 females (mean age: 23.88 ± 6.90 years). The CD values at various depths and radial areas of 0-12 mm were measured using a Scheimpflug camera. Densitometric measurements were expressed in standardized grayscale units (GSU). The optical scatter index (OSI), modulation transfer function cutoff values (MTFcutoff), and Strehl's ratio (SR) were also determined using an optical quality analysis system. RESULTS: The average CD within a 12 mm diameter area was 16.26 ± 1.35 GSU. The highest and lowest optical densities at different depths were observed in the anterior (21.41 ± 2.16 GSU) and posterior (12.00 ± 1.01 GSU) layers, respectively (P < 0.001). Similarly, the maximum and minimum optical densities at different radial areas were observed in the 10-12 mm (14.09 ± 0.93 GSU) and 2-6 mm (25.93 ± 4.77 GSU) circles, respectively (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the average CD within a 12 mm diameter area between males and females (P > 0.05). However, upon adjusting for age, central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal curvature, white-to-white (WTW) corneal diameter, and axial length, females exhibited a greater average CD within the 12 mm diameter and in the 6-10 mm and 10-12 mm circles than males. Age-related changes in CD were evident, except in the 2-6 mm circle. CCT, corneal curvature, WTW corneal diameter, and partial depth correlated with CD in the radial area, and CD in different areas correlated with the OSI, MTFcutoff, and SR (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the normative CD measurement data of Chinese adults with healthy corneas, emphasizing the significance of sex, age, CCT, corneal curvature, and WTW corneal diameter in CD evaluation. Notably, elevated CD can lead to increased forward scattering within the eye, thereby affecting the optical quality.


Assuntos
Córnea , Densitometria , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Córnea/anatomia & histologia , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China , Adolescente , Fatores Sexuais , Valores de Referência , Fatores Etários , Voluntários Saudáveis , Idoso , Povo Asiático , População do Leste Asiático
5.
Eye Contact Lens ; 50(7): 321-328, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630953

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report the clinical course and compare the utility of Scheimpflug tomography (ST) and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) for central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal densitometry (CD) assessment in patients with corneal crystals owing to nephropathic cystinosis. METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis of three patients with nephropathic cystinosis and the presence of corneal cystine crystals in both eyes was performed. All patients underwent clinical examination and anterior segment photography, ST, and AS-OCT scans. Corneal densitometry was exported from built-in proprietary software for ST and from custom-made validated software for AS-OCT. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images were rescaled to grayscale units from 0 (maximum transparency) to 100 (minimum transparency) to match built-in ST densitometry readings. Furthermore, the mean pixel intensity, representative of CD, was calculated from the pixels corresponding to the segmented cornea. RESULTS: All three patients had pathognomonic cystine crystals deposits in the cornea and were treated with cysteamine medications that resulted in clinical improvement. The CCT measured using ST exhibited a range from 560 to 958 µm. Conversely, when assessed with AS-OCT, the CCT varied within the range of 548 to 610 µm. Both examinations could be performed, but in the more severe cases, AS-OCT showed far greater utility to estimate CD. In four of six eyes examined, ST showed disproportionate CCT values, compared with the AS-OCT, whereas reliable CD measurements were only available in AS-OCT. CONCLUSION: The AS-OCT could be considered a baseline ocular measurement in cystinosis and in the evaluation of disease progression and treatment efficacy.


Assuntos
Córnea , Doenças da Córnea , Cistinose , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Humanos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Cistinose/diagnóstico , Cistinose/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Córnea/patologia , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Córnea/diagnóstico , Doenças da Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Segmento Anterior do Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Segmento Anterior do Olho/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Densitometria/métodos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
6.
An Bras Dermatol ; 99(4): 513-519, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of rosacea on ocular surface changes such as alterations in dry eye parameters, corneal densitometry, and aberrations, in comparison with healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 88 eyes of 44 patients diagnosed with rosacea and 88 eyes of 44 healthy controls were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. All participants underwent a comprehensive dermatologic and ophthalmic examination and Tear Break-Up Time (TBUT) and Schirmer-1 tests were performed. The rosacea subtype and Demodex count and OSDI scores of all participants were recorded. Corneal topographic, densitometric, and aberrometric measurements were obtained using the Scheimpflug imaging system. RESULTS: The mean age of the 44 patients was 41.2 ±â€¯11.0 years of whom 31 (70.5%) were female. The mean TBUT and Schirmer-1 test values were significantly decreased and OSDI scores were significantly increased in the rosacea group compared to healthy controls (p < 0.01 for all). The most common subtype of rosacea was erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (70.4%). The severity grading of rosacea revealed that 18 (40.9%) patients had moderate erythema. The median (min-max) Demodex count was 14.0 (0-120) and the disease duration was 24.0 (5-360) months. The comparison of the corneal densitometry values revealed that the densitometry measurements in all concentric zones, especially in central and posterior zones were higher in rosacea patients. Corneal aberrometric values in the posterior surface were also lower in the rosacea group compared to healthy controls. The topographic anterior chamber values were significantly lower in the rosacea group. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Relatively small sample size, variable time interval to hospital admission, and lack of follow-up data are among the limitations of the study. Future studies with larger sample sizes may also enlighten the mechanisms of controversial anterior segment findings by evaluating rosacea patients who have uveitis and those who do not. CONCLUSION: Given the fact that ocular signs may precede cutaneous disease, rosacea is frequently underrecognized by ophthalmologists. Therefore, a comprehensive examination of the ocular surface and assessment of the anterior segment is essential. The main priority of the ophthalmologist is to treat meibomian gland dysfunction and Demodex infection to prevent undesired ocular outcomes.


Assuntos
Córnea , Topografia da Córnea , Rosácea , Humanos , Rosácea/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Córnea/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Topografia da Córnea/métodos , Densitometria/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Segmento Anterior do Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico por imagem , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
7.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 44(2): 241-250, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231574

RESUMO

La valoración del riesgo de fractura del paciente con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) ha sido incluida en el complejo Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorders (CKD-MBD) en guías nefrológicas internacionales y nacionales, sugiriéndose por primera vez la evaluación de la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) si los resultados pueden condicionar la toma de decisiones terapéuticas. Sin embargo, existe muy poca información en práctica clínica real en esta población. El objetivo principal del estudio ERC-Osteoporosis (ERCOS) es describir el perfil de los pacientes con ERC G3-5D con osteoporosis (OP) y/o fracturas por fragilidad atendidos en consultas especializadas de nefrología, reumatología y medicina interna en España. Participaron 15 centros y se incluyeron 162 pacientes (siendo en su mayoría mujeres [71,2%] posmenopáusicas [98,3%]) con una mediana de edad de 77 años. La mediana del filtrado glomerular estimado (FGe) fue de 36ml/min/1,73m2 y el 38% de pacientes incluidos estaban en diálisis. Destacamos la elevada frecuencia de fracturas por fragilidad prevalentes ([37,7%), principalmente vertebrales [52,5%] y de cadera 24,6%]), el antecedente desproporcionado de pacientes con enfermedad glomerular en comparación con series puramente nefrológicas (corticoides) y el infratratamiento para la prevención de fracturas, fundamentalmente en consultas nefrológicas. Este estudio supone una inmediata llamada a la acción con la difusión de las nuevas guías clínicas, más proactivas, y subraya la necesidad de homogeneizar el enfoque asistencial/terapéutico multidisciplinar coordinado de estos pacientes de un modo eficiente para evitar las actuales discrepancias y el nihilismo terapéutico. (AU)


Fracture risk assessment in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been included in the Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorders (CKD-MBD) complex in international and national nephrology guidelines, suggesting for the first time the assessment of bone mineral density (BMD) if the results will impact treatment decisions. However, there is very little information on actual clinical practice in this population. The main objective of the ERC-Osteoporosis (ERCOS) study is to describe the profile of patients with CKD G3-5D with osteoporosis (OP) and/or fragility fractures treated in specialized nephrology, rheumatology and internal medicine clinics in Spain. Fifteen centers participated and 162 patients (mostly women [71.2%] postmenopausal [98.3%]) with a median age of 77 years were included. Mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 36ml/min/1.73m2 and 38% of the included patients were on dialysis. We highlight the high frequency of prevalent fragility fractures ([37.7%], mainly vertebral [52.5%] and hip [24.6%]), the disproportionate history of patients with glomerular disease compared to purely nephrological series (corticosteroids) and undertreatment for fracture prevention, especially in nephrology consultations. This study is an immediate call to action with the dissemination of the new, more proactive, clinical guidelines, and underlines the need to standardize a coordinated and efficient multidisciplinary care/therapeutic approach to these patients to avoid current discrepancies and therapeutic nihilism. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Osteoporose/terapia , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Distúrbio Mineral e Ósseo na Doença Renal Crônica , Espanha , Densitometria , Densidade Óssea
8.
J Rheumatol ; 51(3): 270-276, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mean lung attenuation, skewness, and kurtosis are histogram-based densitometry variables that quantify systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) and were recently merged into a computerized integrated index (CII). Our work tested the CII in low-dose 9-slice (reduced) and standard high-resolution computed tomography (CT) scans to evaluate extensive SSc-ILD and predict mortality. METHODS: CT scans from patients with SSc-ILD were assessed using the software Horos to compute standard and reduced CIIs. Extensive ILD was determined following the Goh staging system. The association between CIIs and extensive ILD was analyzed with a generalized estimating equation regression model, the predictive ability of CIIs by the area under the receiver-operation characteristic curve (AUC), and the association between CIIs and death by Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: Among 243 patients with standard and reduced CT scans available, 157 CT scans from 119 patients with SSc-ILD constituted the derivation cohort. The validation cohort included 116 standard and 175 reduced CT scans. Both CIIs from standard (odds ratio [OR] 0.53, 95% CI 0.37-0.75; AUC 0.77, 95% CI 0.68-0.87) and reduced CT scans (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.35-0.82; AUC 0.78, 95% CI 0.70-0.87) were significantly associated with extensive ILD. A threshold of CII ≤ -0.96 for standard CT scans and CII ≤ -1.85 for reduced CT scans detected extensive ILD with high sensitivity in both derivation and validation cohorts. Extensive ILD according to Goh staging (OR 2.94, 95% CI 1.10-7.82) and standard CII ≤ -0.96 (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.24-2.56) significantly predicted mortality; a marginal P value was observed for reduced CII ≤ -1.85 (OR 1.27, 95% CI 0.93-1.75). CONCLUSION: Thresholds for both standard and reduced CII to identify extensive ILD were developed and validated, with an additional association with mortality. CIIs might help in clinical practice when radiology expertise is missing.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Densitometria
9.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 46: 103988, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Examination of corneal densitometry measurements using the Pentacam Scheimpflug imaging system in cases of pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PEXG) and ocular hypertension (OHT). METHODS: The study included 50 eyes of 29 PEXG patients, 25 eyes of 16 OHT patients, and 76 eyes of 38 healthy control subjects followed in the glaucoma clinic. Corneal densitometry values of all cases were measured using the Scheimpflug imaging system (Pentacam, Oculus, Germany). Corneal densitometry was assessed based on 4 concentric radial zones (0-2 mm, 2-6 mm, 6-10 mm, and 10-12 mm) and depths (anterior, central, posterior, and total) within the Scheimpflug imaging system. The results were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Corneal densitometry values examined between the OHT and control groups were higher in OHT and statistically significant (p < 0.05). Corneal densitometry values examined between the PEXG and control groups were higher in PEXG and statistically significant (p < 0.05). In comparison between the PEXG and OHT groups, corneal densitometry values in the central 0-2 mm, 2-6 mm, and 6-10 mm; posterior 0-2 mm and 2-6 mm radial zones were higher in PEXG and statistically significant (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It was observed that elevated intraocular pressure levels in OHT cases could lead to changes in the cornea, consequently increasing corneal densitometry values. The higher corneal densitometry values in PEXG cases compared to OHT were attributed to the accumulation of pseudoexfoliative material in the cornea. Based on our study, corneal densitometry could serve as a potential biomarker for early glaucoma detection in OHT cases and could be employed to assess corneal transparency during the follow-up of PEXG cases.


Assuntos
Córnea , Densitometria , Síndrome de Exfoliação , Hipertensão Ocular , Humanos , Densitometria/métodos , Feminino , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Ocular/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão Ocular/diagnóstico , Masculino , Idoso , Síndrome de Exfoliação/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Exfoliação/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos de Casos e Controles
10.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 262(7): 2189-2198, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349421

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare corneal haze between active ulcer and healed scarring using a Scheimpflug densitometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study enrolled 30 patients (30 eyes) with ulcerative keratitis (UK). Each subject's corneal optical density (COD) was measured with a Scheimpflug corneal densitometry, Pentacam® AXL (Oculus GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany), at the active ulcerative and complete scarring stage. The COD data were analyzed through distinct methods (inbuilt, sorted annular partitions, and ulcer-matching densitometric maps). We compared different CODs to select the better index for clinically monitoring the transition from corneal ulceration to healed scar. RESULTS: The CODs of the periphery (P = 0.0024) and outside of the active ulcer (P = 0.0002) significantly decreased after scarring. Partitioning the cornea into different depths and annular zones, the anterior layer, center layer, and the 2-6 mm annular zone had a more remarkable COD decrease after scar formation. The 3rd-sorted COD in the anterior layer revealed the highest area under the receiver-operating characteristic curves (0.709), in which 90% of subjects had COD reduction during the ulcer-to-scar transition. CONCLUSIONS: Aside from subjective judgment based on clinical signs, the Scheimpflug tomography-based densitometry could provide objective and efficient monitoring of the corneal opacity evolution in UK patients. Because the 3rd-sorted annular COD is a better index than the inbuilt or mapping CODs in differentiating active ulcers from healed scars, this COD could be a clinically promising parameter to monitor the progression of UK patients.


Assuntos
Córnea , Úlcera da Córnea , Densitometria , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Densitometria/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Úlcera da Córnea/diagnóstico , Córnea/patologia , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Adulto , Cicatrização , Cicatriz/diagnóstico , Cicatriz/etiologia , Idoso , Curva ROC , Acuidade Visual , Topografia da Córnea/métodos , Opacidade da Córnea/diagnóstico , Opacidade da Córnea/etiologia , Opacidade da Córnea/fisiopatologia
11.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 64, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347316

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the corneal densitometry (CD) in pediatric cases with glaucoma following childhood cataract surgery and juvenile open-angle glaucoma (JOAG). METHODS: This prospective comparative study involved 13 eyes with JOAG, 12 eyes with pseudophakic glaucoma, 13 eyes with aphakic glaucoma, and 15 control subjects. Pentacam HR Scheimpflug corneal topography was employed to evaluate corneal thickness (CCT) and CD values. RESULTS: The mean intraocular pressure (IOP) and CCT were significantly higher in aphakic glaucoma cases than the other groups (p = 0.001). In aphakic eyes, the mean CD values were higher in most of the anterior, center, and posterior layers of 0-2 mm, 2-6 mm, 6-10 mm, and total zones (p < 0.001 for all). In pseudophakic eyes, the mean CD values were statistically similar with that of aphakic eyes and higher than that of JOAG and control eyes in all layers of 0-2 mm zone and in anterior layer of 10-12 mm and anterior and total layers of 2-6 mm zones (p < 0.05 for all). The CD values demonstrated significant correlations with CCT values in both aphakic and pseudophakic eyes. However, a significant correlation of CD values with IOP was only demonstrated in aphakic eyes (p = 0.01 for all). CONCLUSION: The probable effects of childhood cataract surgery especially aphakia might cause corneal backscatter of light and increased CD in all layers in all zones of the cornea. Increased CD values and its correlation with CCT and IOP in aphakic glaucoma eyes may be of importance in clinical management.


Assuntos
Afacia Pós-Catarata , Extração de Catarata , Catarata , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Glaucoma , Criança , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Afacia Pós-Catarata/cirurgia , Extração de Catarata/efeitos adversos , Glaucoma/complicações , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Catarata/complicações , Catarata/diagnóstico , Córnea , Pressão Intraocular , Densitometria
12.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2763: 119-124, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347405

RESUMO

It is a challenging task to quantify mucin using conventional protein quantification methods due to the large number of glycans attached to the peptide, which make up approximately 50-90% of its molecular weight. To address this issue, we propose a simple quantification method that involves spotting mucins onto a membrane and staining them with Alcian blue.


Assuntos
Mucinas , Polissacarídeos , Azul Alciano/química , Mucinas/metabolismo , Coloração e Rotulagem , Densitometria
13.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (2. Vyp. 2): 5-12, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To justify the optimal method for determining indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate (PDRICG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed PDRICG in intensive care units. Indocyanine green was administered intravenously at a dose of 0.25 mg/kg. PDRICG was analyzed simultaneously by using of three methods: 1) PDD (PiCCO2 LiMON device), 2) SBS with analysis of plasma samples on precise spectrophotometer, 3) SBS with analysis of plasma samples on simple experimental photometer. RESULTS: PDD method was used for 346 PDRICG tests in 256 patients. Of these, 14.3% of measurements were erroneous. Paired tests using PDD and SBS methods were performed in 299 cases. SBS method resulted erroneous data in 0.6% of cases. Certain correlation (r=0.79, p<0.001) was found between the reference method (SBS with spectrophotometry) and the PDD method. Bland-Altman plot for these two methods showed that proportional bias of mean difference was caused by extremely high PDRICG of the PDD method (for example, more than 30%/min). Comparison of two SBS variants (spectrophotometer and experimental photometer) revealed good correlation (r=0.91, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: SBS method for measuring PDRICG ensures accurate results under mechanical interferences in patients with impaired capillary blood flow. This eliminates the need for redo measurement. Duplication of the PDD and SBS methods is recommended when repeating the test is not possible (organ donors).


Assuntos
Corantes , Verde de Indocianina , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/análise , Corantes/farmacologia , Densitometria/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
14.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 20(1): 8-13, Ene. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-228928

RESUMO

Objective: The prevalence of osteoporosis (OP) and insufficiency fractures in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of OP and insufficiency fractures in a representative cohort of patients with PsA, and to analyse its association with general risk factors and characteristics of the psoriatic disease in our geographical area. Methods: Multi-centric, descriptive study of patients with PsA. We recorded clinical characteristics, as well as protective and risk factors for OP and insufficiency fractures. Hip and lumbar densitometry and lateral X-ray of the spine were evaluated. Descriptive statistics for OP and risk factors were calculated. The patients with OP were compared to those without by univariate analyses, and results were adjusted by age and sex. The association of OP and fractures with clinical characteristics was analysed by logistic regression. Results: 166 patients (50 men; 116 women) were included. OP was present in 26.5%, and it was more frequent in women and patients above 50 years old. Insufficiency fractures occurred in 5.4% of the total sample. In the logistic regression, OP was associated with age over 50 [OR 3.7; 95% CI (1.2–11.6); p=.02]. No association with clinical parameters was found. The most frequent risk factors among patients with OP were vitamin D insufficiency, sedentary behaviour, low calcium intake, and active smoking. In the logistic regression, OP was associated with early menopause [OR 11.7; 95% CI (1.29–106.0); p=.029] and sedentary behaviour [OR 2.3; 95% CI (1.0–5.2); p=.049]. Conclusions: In patients with PsA, OP is more frequent in women and patients over 50 years old. A sedentary lifestyle and early menopause may add extra risk for OP. Type, duration disease, and treatments are not associated with OP or insufficiency fractures.(AU)


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la prevalencia de osteoporosis (OP) y fracturas por insuficiencia en una cohorte representativa de pacientes con artritis psoriásica (APs) y analizar su asociación con factores de riesgo generales y características de la enfermedad psoriásica en nuestra área geográfica. Métodos: Estudio multicéntrico y descriptivo de pacientes con APs. Se registraron las características clínicas, así como los factores protectores y de riesgo de OP y fracturas por insuficiencia. Se evaluó la densitometría de cadera y lumbar y la radiografía lateral de columna. Se calcularon las estadísticas descriptivas de la OP y los factores de riesgo. Los pacientes con OP se compararon con los que no la tenían mediante análisis univariantes, y los resultados se ajustaron por edad y sexo. La asociación de la OP y las fracturas con las características clínicas se analizó mediante regresión logística. Resultados: Se incluyeron 166 pacientes (50 hombres; 116 mujeres). La OP estaba presente en el 26,5% y era más frecuente en mujeres y pacientes mayores de 50 años. Se produjeron fracturas por insuficiencia en el 5,4% de la muestra total. En la regresión logística la OP se asoció con la edad superior a 50 años (OR: 3,7; IC 95%: 1,2-11,6; p=0,02), con la menopausia precoz (OR: 11,7; IC 95%: 1,29-106,0; p=0,029) y el comportamiento sedentario (OR: 2,3; IC 95%: 1,0-5,2; p=0,049). Conclusiones: En pacientes con APs la OP es más frecuente en mujeres y en aquellos mayores de 50 años. Un estilo de vida sedentario y una menopausia precoz pueden añadir un riesgo adicional de OP. El tipo, la duración de la enfermedad y los tratamientos no se asocian a las fracturas OP ni a las fracturas por insuficiencia.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Fraturas de Estresse/reabilitação , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/congênito , Densitometria , Menopausa Precoce , Fatores de Risco , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Reumatologia , Doenças Reumáticas
15.
J Sep Sci ; 47(1): e2300608, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38066390

RESUMO

The common antihypertensive drugs are B-blockers and diuretics. For the determination of beta-blocker medicines (bisoprolol fumarate and carvedilol) and diuretic drug (Furosemide), new and accurate chromatographic method has been developed. The separation was achieved using a developing system that includes chloroform:methanol:ethyl acetate:ammonia (6:2:2:0.2 by volume) as a mobile phase and the bands were detected at 240 nm. The concentration ranges were 5-25, 1-7, and 1-3.5 µg/band for bisoprolol fumarate, carvedilol, and furosemide, respectively. This chromatographic approach is the first methodology for simultaneously determining bisoprolol fumarate, carvedilol, and furosemide in their pure forms and in their pharmaceutical dosage forms. The advantages of using known analytical procedures are their simplicity, speed, cost effectiveness, lack of laboriousness, and ability to save time as the three tablets are determined in one step and can be used for routine analysis of the investigated combinations in quality control laboratories. According to International Conference of Harmonization guidelines, the established procedures have been validated, and the results were statistically compared to those obtained by the reported reversed-phase-high-performance liquid chromatography methods using Student's t-test and F-test, with no significant difference between them, indicating that the proposed methods can be used for routine drug quality control analysis.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos , Bisoprolol , Bisoprolol/análise , Furosemida , Cromatografia em Camada Fina/métodos , Carvedilol , Comprimidos , Densitometria/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Otol Neurotol ; 44(10): e697-e701, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37733986

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability of temporal bone density measurements for diagnosing otosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study is presented. Bone density was measured in Hounsfield units (HUs) by using high-resolution computed tomography in eight regions of interest (ROI) where otosclerotic foci are usually localized. The density of 113 otosclerotic ears was compared with that of 33 nonotosclerotic ears to determine sensitivity and specificity. Furthermore, the binormal receiver operating characteristic curve of each ROI's density was calculated to estimate the diagnostic value for osteosclerosis. In addition, the radiological density of seven cases-where radiological visual examination exhibited no findings but surgery confirmed stapes fixation-was compared with nonotosclerotic controls. RESULTS: ROI densities were significantly lower in otosclerotic patients compared with nonotosclerotic controls. The area under the curve of the fissula ante fenestram (FAF) presented the highest diagnostic performance: 1,871 HU cut-off value (area under the curve = 0.986), 96.64% sensitivity, and 100% specificity. Significantly lower densities in the FAF area were observed in the seven cases with negative radiology but intraoperatively confirmed otosclerosis. CONCLUSION: The high-resolution computed tomography density of the FAF is a reliable measurement for diagnosing otosclerosis. A value less than 1,871 HU exhibited the highest sensitivity and specificity in a European Caucasian population.


Assuntos
Otosclerose , Humanos , Otosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Otosclerose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Densitometria
18.
Actual. osteol ; 19(2): 144-159, sept. 2023. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523956

RESUMO

Osteoporosis and vertebral and non-vertebral fractures are common in glucocorticoids (GC) treated patients. Oral GC treatment leads to bone loss, particularly of trabecular bone. The benefits of GC used in rheumatological and traumatological disorders are known but they would have possible negative effects on bone. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the effects of epidural steroid injections (ESI), and intra-articular and intramuscular GC administration on bone mineral density (BMD) and fragility fractures. A systematic review of Medline/PubMed, Cochrane, and LILACS up to November 2020 was conducted. Meta-analyses, systematic reviews, randomized and non-randomized controlled trials, and prospective and retrospective studies comparing the effect of ESI, intra-articular or intramuscular GC used compared to a control group or baseline measurements were included. Results: A total of 8272 individuals were included among the 13 selected articles (10 about ESI and 3 about intra-articular GC; no article was found evaluating intramuscular GC). Only a few studies showed a negative effect of ESI on bone in the qualitative analysis considering osteopenia and osteoporosis in lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip and BMD as surrogate outcomes. On the other hand, the qualitative analysis showed that most studies found an increased risk of fragility fracture. However, only two studies could be included in the quantitative analysis, in which there were no differences between patients exposed to ESI versus controls in all evaluated regions. In conclusion, there was insufficient evidence to suggest that ESI and intra-articular GC, unlike oral GC, negatively affect bone mass. Longitudinal studies are needed to obtain more knowledge regarding the effect of ESI or intra-articular GC on BMD and fragility fractures. (AU)


La osteoporosis y las fracturas vertebrales y no vertebrales son comunes en pacientes tratados con glucocorticoides (GC). El tratamiento oral con GC conduce a la pérdida ósea, particularmente del hueso trabecular. Los beneficios de los GC utilizados en patologías reumatológicas y traumatológicas son conocidos, pero tendrían posibles efectos negativos sobre el hueso. Esta revisión sistemática tuvo como objetivo evaluar los efectos de las inyecciones epidurales de esteroides (ESI), GC intraarticulares e intramusculares sobre la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) y las fracturas por fragilidad. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de Medline/PubMed, Cochrane y LILACS hasta noviembre de 2020. Se incluyeron metanálisis, revisiones sistemáticas, ensayos controlados aleatorizados y no aleatorizados, estudios prospectivos y retrospectivos que compararon el efecto de ESI, GC intraarticular o intramuscular utilizado en comparación con un grupo de control o mediciones iniciales. Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 8272 individuos entre los 13 artículos seleccionados (10 sobre ESI y 3 sobre GC intraarticular; no se encontró ningún artículo que evaluara GC intramuscular). Solo unos pocos estudios mostraron un efecto negativo del ESI sobre el hueso en el análisis cualitativo considerando la osteopenia y la osteoporosis en la columna lumbar, el cuello femoral y la cadera total y la DMO como un resultado indirecto. Por otro lado, el análisis cualitativo mostró que la mayoría de los estudios encontraron un mayor riesgo de fractura por fragilidad. Sin embargo, solo dos estudios pudieron incluirse en el análisis cuantitativo, en los que no hubo diferencias entre los pacientes expuestos a ESI versus los controles en todas las regiones evaluadas. En conclusión, no hallamos datos suficientes para sugerir que la ESI y los GC intraarticulares, a diferencia de los GC orales, afectan negativamente a la pérdida ósea. Se necesitan estudios longitudinales para obtener más conocimiento sobre el efecto de ESI o GC intraarticular en la DMO y las fracturas por fragilidad. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Osteoporose/etiologia , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/etiologia , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Viés , Vias de Administração de Medicamentos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Densitometria , Estrogênios/efeitos adversos
19.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 99(3)sep. 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-224930

RESUMO

Introducción: La valoración nutricional en anorexia nerviosa (AN) incluye determinar la composición corporal y monitorizar su evolución a lo largo del periodo de tratamiento. La prueba gold standard para el estudio de la composición corporal es la absorciometría de rayos X de energía dual (DEXA), si bien la bioimpedancia eléctrica (BIA) se postula como una alternativa más accesible, barata, rápida y que no irradia. Material y métodos: Se reclutaron secuencialmente a 33 mujeres adolescentes (11,7-16,3 años) diagnosticadas de AN. Se recogieron parámetros clínicos, antropométricos y analíticos, y se realizó BIA y DEXA a la inclusión en el estudio y a la finalización del mismo con separación media de un año, durante la fase de rehabilitación nutricional. Resultados: Se objetivó mejoría significativa a nivel nutricional, reflejada en la composición corporal obtenida mediante antropometría y BIA. El ángulo de fase aumentó significativamente durante el periodo de seguimiento. Una mayor pérdida ponderal se correlacionó con la presencia de amenorrea secundaria y con una menor densidad mineral ósea en columna. Conclusiones: La BIA es una herramienta útil para la valoración y el seguimiento del estado nutricional en pacientes con AN en edad pediátrica. La DEXA sigue siendo imprescindible para conocer la afectación de la densidad mineral ósea. El papel de hormonas como la leptina está aún por determinar. (AU)


Introduction: Nutritional status assessment in anorexia nervosa (AN) includes the evaluation and monitoring of body composition throughout the treatment period. The gold standard for the study of body composition is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), although electrical bioimpedance (BIA) is a more accessible, cheaper and faster method that does not involve exposure to radiation. Material and methods: We recruited 33 female adolescents with AN (age, 11.7-16.3 years) by consecutive sampling. We collected data on clinical, anthropometric and laboratory variables. Patients were assessed with BIA and DEXA at inclusion in the study and at the end of the study, with a mean duration of followup of 1 year, during the nutritional rehabilitation phase. Results: There was significant improvement in nutritional status, reflected by the body composition obtained by anthropometric measurements and BIA. The phase angle increased significantly during the followup. Greater weight loss was associated with the presence of secondary amenorrhoea and decreased bone mineral density in the spine. Conclusions: Electrical BIA is a useful tool for assessment and monitoring of nutritional status in paediatric patients with AN. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry continues to be essential to assess bone mineral density. The role of hormones such as leptin remains to be elucidated. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico , Composição Corporal , Impedância Elétrica , Densitometria , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Longitudinais , Epidemiologia Descritiva
20.
Rev. osteoporos. metab. miner. (Internet) ; 15(3): 93-99, Juli-Sep. 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-226993

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivo: la calcificación aórtica abdominal (CAA) es predictora de eventos cardiovasculares. El objetivo de este trabajo fue valorar la asociación de la gamma glutamil transferasa (GGT) con presencia y progresión de CAA y los cambios en densidad mineral ósea (DMO) en columna lumbar y cuello femoral. Material y métodos: se seleccionaron 326 hombres y mujeres mayores de 50 años que realizaron un cuestionario, dos radiografías laterales dorso-lumbares y DMO, repitiendo a los 4 años las mismas pruebas y un estudio analítico. Resultados: la presencia y progresión de CAA (nuevas o mayor severidad) fue inferior en el cuartil 1 (Q1) de GGT respecto a los otros cuartiles (40 % vs. 58 %, p = 0,021; 24 % vs. 44 %, p = 0,022). Comparado con Q1, el análisis de regresión logística ajustado por confusores mostró que los Q2 y Q4 se asociaron con aumentos en la presencia de CAA [odds ratio (OR) = 2,53, intervalo de confianza del 95 % (IC 96 %) = (1,22-5,25) y OR = 3,04, IC 95 % = (1,36-6,77)] y Q2, Q3 y Q4 se asociaron con aumentos en progresión de CAA [OR = 2,24, IC 95 % = (1,07-4,67); OR = 2,35, IC 95 % = (1,09-5,07) y OR = 3,47, IC 95 % = (1,56-7,70)]. El análisis multivariante por sexos mostró que tanto en hombres como mujeres el Q4 de GGT se asoció con progresión de CAA [OR = 3,27, IC 95 % = (1,14-9,36) y OR = 3,26, IC 95 % = (1,03-10,29) respectivamente] y en mujeres con mayores pérdidas de DMO a nivel lumbar. No hubo efecto con respecto a la prevalencia de CAA. Conclusiones: valores elevados de GGT podrían ser un indicador de presencia y progresión de CAA en población mayor de 50 años. De forma separada por sexo, los mayores niveles de GGT se asociaron con progresión de CAA, siendo un marcador pronóstico de daño cardiovascular.(AU)


Introduction and objective: abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) is a predictor of cardiovascular events. This study aimedto assess the association of gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) in the presence and progression of AAC, as well as changesto bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spine and femoral neck.Materials and methods: a total of 326 men and women over 50 years of age were selected for this study. They completeda questionnaire, underwent two lateral dorso-lumbar spine X-rays, and BMD measurements. The same tests and 1 analyticalassessment were repeated after 4 years.Results: the presence and progression of AAC (new occurrences or increased severity) were lower in GGT quartile 1 (Q1)compared with the other quartiles (40 % vs 58 %; p = 0.021; 24 % vs 44 %; p = 0.022). Compared with Q1, the confound -ers-adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that Q2 and Q4 were associated with more presence of AAC [odds ratio(OR), 2.53; 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI), 1.22-5.25 and OR, 3.04; 95 % CI, 1.36-6.77]. Additionally, Q2, Q3, and Q4were associated with more AAC progression [OR, 2.24; 95 % CI, 1.07-4.67; OR, 2.35; 95 % CI, 1.09-5.07; and OR, 3.47;95 % CI, 1.56-7.70]. The gender-stratified multivariate analysis revealed that in both men and women, the Q4 of GGT wasassociated with AAC progression [OR, 3.27; 95 % CI, 1.14-9.36, and OR, 3.26; 95 % CI, 1.03-10.29, respectively], and inwomen alone, with greater lumbar BMD losses. There were no effects regarding the prevalence of AAC.Conclusions: elevated GGT levels could serve as an indicator of the presence and progression of AAC in individuals olderthan 50 years. When analyzed separately by gender, higher GGT levels were associated with AAC progression, which actedas a prognostic marker for cardiovascular disease.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , gama-Glutamiltransferase , Densidade Óssea , Coluna Vertebral , Colo do Fêmur/metabolismo , Densitometria , Metabolismo , Osteoporose , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco
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