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1.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(5): 24-29, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at comparing the external lateral root resorption (ELRR) and external apical root resorption (EARR) between teeth moved through the atrophic edentulous ridge and those undergoing the usual orthodontic movement. METHODS: Fifty-four premolars were evaluated, where 27 of them had been moved toward the edentulous ridge (Group 1) and 27 from the same patient, had not been translated, which comprised the control group (Group 2). ELRR was evaluated by 0-3 scores and EARR was evaluated by 0-4 scores, before and after movement. Measurements were compared by Kruskal-Wallis and Student-Newman-Keuls tests. RESULTS: ELRR increased statistically only in the Group 1 (p< 0.05). After orthodontic treatment, it was observed that almost 56% (n = 15) of teeth in Group 1 presented scores 2 and 3, while Group 2 presented scores 2 and 3 in about 11% (n= 3) of the teeth. EARR increased in both groups after orthodontic movement, however, statistically analyses showed no significant differences between groups (p> 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic movement into the atrophic edentulous ridge is subject to a greater lateral external root resorption.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
2.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(5): 66-84, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206831

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Moderate and severe bimaxillary protrusion impair the passive lip sealing and the facial and smile esthetics. The extraction of premolars can be avoided by the use of skeletal anchorage to retract both dental arches. This approach brings many advantages such as: prevents premolars extraction; simplifies orthodontic mechanics; there is no volume reduction of a premolar when smiling; control of overbite and gingival exposure. The utilization of this therapeutic approach, when associated with self-ligating brackets, can bring the possibility of spacing the appointments without damage to the treatment efficiency, and allows selection of the most appropriate torque prescriptions for each case. The intra-alveolar miniscrews are indicated for mild cases of bimaxillary protrusion, while extra-alveolar miniscrews may also be indicated for more severe cases. OBJECTIVE: To report the treatment of three cases of mild, moderate and severe bimaxillary protrusion, in which intra- and extra-alveolar miniscrews were used, according to the retraction required. CONCLUSION: The retraction of both upper and lower dental arches using orthodontic intra- and extra-alveolar miniscrews, associated with self-ligating brackets, is an excellent tool to correct mild to severe bimaxillary protrusion, thus reducing the need of premolar extraction and simplifying the orthodontic management.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Má Oclusão , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Sobremordida , Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
3.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(4): 256-261, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe if dental alterations in premolars are associated with the rupture of the follicle bone crypt caused by a periapical lesion in the predecessor molars. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. Data collection consisted of the analysis of medical records, a socioeconomic questionnaire, and dental clinical examination. Records from patients with a history of a radiographically visible periapical lesion in lower primary molars submitted to pulp therapy or extraction from a university dental clinic were selected. Successor premolars were clinically evaluated for the presence of enamel development defects, shape alterations, and eruption deviations. The descriptive analysis of data was performed, and Fisher's exact tests, linear trend chi-square, and the Student's t-test were applied. RESULTS: Forty-eight permanent teeth were from 36 patients were evaluated in this study, and 20 (41.7%) of the 48 examined premolars showed a radiographic image suggestive of the rupture of the bone crypt. Rupture of the follicle bone crypt was not associated with the occurrence of enamel alterations in premolars (p = 0.418). An association between dental alterations and age over six years at the time of intervention was observed (p = 0.043). CONCLUSION: The presence of enamel alterations of premolars was not associated with the rupture of the follicle bone crypt caused by a periapical lesion in predecessor molars.


Assuntos
Infecções , Dente Decíduo , Dente Pré-Molar , Estudos Transversais , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos
4.
Orthod Fr ; 91(3): 191-195, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146614

RESUMO

Studies about orthodontic relapse have always confirmed the occurrence of some occlusal changes after orthodontic treatment. The reopening of premolar extraction spaces is one of the most frequently observed movements and would have several origins : gingival folds, root proximities, muscular imbalance... and particularly unstable end of treatment occlusion. The aim of this systematic review was to study the correlation between quality of the occlusal finishing after orthodontic treatment with premolars extraction and reopening of extraction spaces. The review was undertaken according to PRISMA recommendations from the Cochrane Handbook through an electronic consultation of the PubMed database to identify clinical trials that responded to the PICO research question. Five studies met all the inclusion criteria. Three studies used the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) in assessing the quality of the occlusal finishing. For two of these studies, there is a correlation between poor occlusal finishing and reopening of extraction space. For the other three studies, no cause-and-effect relationship between these two factors has been proven. The divergence of the published results was explained by the fact that the stability of an orthodontic treatment depends on multiple parameters. Further controlled clinical studies should be conducted to objectively evaluate, without interfering with other parameters, the role of occlusal finishing in the long-term stability of orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária , Extração Dentária , Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia
5.
Braz Dent J ; 31(5): 516-522, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146336

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) in measuring radicular dentin thickness focused on intraradicular post placement planning treatment. Ten single-rooted human premolars were selected. The teeth were divided into three segments (cervical, middle and apical). The coronal face of the apical and middle sections was selected for the dentin thickness assessment; which was measured from the external root surface to the root canal wall, on the buccal, lingual, mesial, and distal surfaces of each tooth. In situ anatomical measurement was the reference standard, and the corresponding axial CBCT imaging were evaluated by the i-CAT software. The one-way ANOVA test and the Bonferroni post hoc test were applied to compare the groups (p>0.05). CBCT imaging measurements (p=0.003) overestimated the radicular dentin thickness compared to the reference standard. Descriptive analysis showed that the greatest difference between the reference standard and the tomographic measurement means were 0.20 mm. One-way ANOVA test found the statistical significant difference among group's measurements. Bonferroni correction demonstrated statistically significant difference only related lingual surface for the CBCT imaging measurements. CBCT imaging measurements overestimated the radicular dentin thickness. However, the measurement difference was clinically acceptable.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Raiz Dentária , Dente Pré-Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Pulpar , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 40, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-extraction treatment protocol has gained a lot of popularity over extraction for orthodontic treatment. Interproximal enamel reduction is one such method that makes it possible to do orthodontic treatment without extractions. This procedure, which can be done by various techniques, leads to a rise in the temperature of the pulp of the teeth. Previously, studies have been done which have evaluated the temperature changes inside the pulp chamber of extracted teeth, during interproximal enamel reduction. However, no documented literature exists that has evaluated these changes in the live pulp of the teeth whilst interproximal enamel reduction (IPR) is being performed. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the temperature changes inside the live pulp of the teeth during various interproximal enamel reduction techniques in vivo. AIMS: Evaluation of temperature rise in the pulp during various interproximal enamel reduction techniques, done in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study was performed on patients for whom extraction of premolars had been advised for their orthodontic treatment. Fifty-one premolar teeth were randomly divided into three groups of IPR, i.e. using airotor and bur, handheld metal strip and orthodontic IPR kit (oscillating system). IPR was performed on the mesial and distal sides after access opening, temperature change was recorded during IPR and the readings were compared. The Shapiro-Wilk test was utilized for checking whether the data satisfied the requirement of normal distribution. RESULTS: The highest temperature rise was seen in group 1 in which interproximal enamel reduction was performed using airotor and bur. The minimum temperature rise was observed in group 2 in which interproximal enamel reduction was done using the handheld metal strip, whereas the temperature rise observed in group 3, in which interproximal enamel reduction was done using IPR kit, was between the range of group 1 and group 3. The temperature change was in the following order-group 1 (2.08 °C) > group 3 (1.22 °C) > group 2 (0.52 °C). CONCLUSION: None of the methods used to perform interproximal enamel reduction caused a temperature increase more than 5.5 °C, beyond which pulp necrosis may occur. Therefore, all three methods used in the study for IPR were found to be safe.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário , Cavidade Pulpar , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Temperatura
7.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(5): 503-514, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073781

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare shrinkage stress, cuspal strain and fracture load of weakened premolars restored with different conventional and bulk-fill composite resins and restorative techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty premolars received a 4.0 x 3.5mm mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) class II preparation. The lingual and buccal cups were internally weakened. Specimens were restored according to the following 5 groups: Filtek Z350 XT/10 increments; Filtek Z350 XT/8 increments (both 3M Oral Care); Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable Restorative + Filtek Z350 XT (both 3M Oral Care); SDR + Spectra Basic (Dentsply Sirona); and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (Ivoclar Vivadent). Cuspal strains were measured using strain gauges (n = 10). After restoration, specimens were submitted to thermal/mechanical cycles and fractured. Post-gel shrinkage of the composites was determined. Additionally, residual shrinkage strains and stresses were analyzed using three-dimensional finite element analysis (3D-FEA). The data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). RESULTS: One-way ANOVA revealed statistically significant differences among composite resins (p < 0.001) for the post-gel shrinkage. Filtek Z350 XT had the highest post-gel shrinkage and no difference was found between Spectra Basic and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (p = 0.110). The Filtek Z350 XT/10 increments, Filtek Z350 XT/8 increments and Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable Restorative/Filtek Z350 XT had statistically significantly higher cuspal deformation values when compared to the SDR/Spectra Basic and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill techniques. 3D-FEA confirmed higher stress levels in the incrementally filled conventional restorations. Fracture loads were not statistically significantly different. CONCLUSION: The bulk-fill restoration techniques resulted in less cuspal strain and stress than the incremental technique with conventional composite resin. Fracture resistance was not affected by the restorative techniques.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dente Pré-Molar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Polimerização
8.
J Vet Dent ; 37(2): 71-76, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063625

RESUMO

Fractured maxillary fourth premolar teeth are commonly diagnosed in canine patients. These fractures are subdivided into uncomplicated and complicated, depending on absence or presence of pulp exposure, respectively. Pulp injury associated with fractures can lead to pulpitis, pulp necrosis, and "lesions of endodontic origin" (LEO) on intraoral radiographs. The incidence of LEO associated with uncomplicated crown fractures (UCFs) of the maxillary fourth premolar in canine patients is currently unknown. We hypothesized that a significant number of UCFs of the maxillary fourth premolar would have LEO evident on intraoral radiographs. The purpose of this article was to identify this incidence and to illustrate the importance of radiographing these teeth. This was a retrospective study of 111 UCFs and 500 nonfractured (control) maxillary fourth premolars in domestic canine patients. The frequency of LEO was 24.3% (27/111) in the UCF population and 0% (0/500) in the control population (P < .0001). These findings are important because UCFs are sometimes ignored or considered insignificant, when in fact a large proportion of them have LEO, indicating periapical pathology. These results suggest that all UCFs be radiographed, even if there are no other abnormalities noted on clinical oral examination.


Assuntos
Coroas , Coroa do Dente , Animais , Dente Pré-Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Coroas/veterinária , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(5): 684-693, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010980

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This retrospective pilot study assessed the pre- and posttreatment lip profile changes among adult patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion of varied growth patterns and compared these changes with patients with a skeletal Class I relationship, to identify the dental, skeletal, and soft tissue cephalometric variables that altered the posttreatment lip profile. METHODS: A total of 33 digital cephalograms were divided into 4 study groups based on the mandibular plane (Mp-SN) angle: group 1 (control, skeletal Class I; mean angle = 21.5°) (n = 8), group 2 (Class II Division 1 malocclusion; low angle = <26°) (n = 8), group 3 (Class II Division 1 malocclusion; intermediate angle = 26°-38°) (n = 9), and group 4 (Class II Division 1 malocclusion; high angle = >38°) (n = 8). RESULTS: We observed a significant decrease in SNA, ANB, maxillary incisor to NA (degrees and millimeters), and soft tissue parameters, especially lip strain and lower lip to E line and upper lip to E line. Posttreatment intergroup comparison showed a significant increase of Mp-SN, and this increase was greater in group 3, followed by group 4 as compared with group 1. In addition, statistically significant differences in SNA, ANB, mandibular incisor to NB (degrees) and IMPA, and H angle in groups 2-4 were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion showed a significant decrease in SNA, ANB, maxillary incisor to NA, and all soft tissue parameters in posttreatment compared with group 1. Thus, the soft tissue changes resulted in a similar profile to patients in group 1, who are considered to have an aesthetically pleasing posttreatment profile.


Assuntos
Lábio , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia , Cefalometria , Humanos , Lábio/anatomia & histologia , Lábio/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 737-742, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045784

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the accuracy of occlusal contacts on digital model made by intraoral scanner. Methods: Twenty healthy subjects [6 males, 14 females, (24.4±1.4) years old] with intact dentition were randomly recruited from postgraduate students in Capital Medical University School of Stomatology who volunteered to participate in this study. For each participant, the 2nd and 3rd quadrant of natural dentition was scanned. A diagnostic test design was performed. The occlusal contacts of the maximal intercuspal position (MIP) were extracted with the transillumination of silicone interocclusal records, and the extraction threshold was set as ≤50 µm. Intraoral scanning system was used to scan in MIP and generate occlusal contacts on digital model. Five groups were designed as test groups according to included tooth position: group 1 (buccal scanning ranged from tooth 21 to 23), group 2 (buccal scanning ranged from tooth 23 to 26), group 3 (buccal scanning ranged from tooth 24 to 26), group 4 (buccal scanning ranged from tooth 25 to 26), group 5 (buccal scanning ranged from tooth 21 to 26). Five groups occlusal contacts on digital model were generated respectively. According to the relevant literature, the upper occlusal surface was divided into 28 partitions, and the accuracy of occlusal contacts on digital model was calculated with the transillumination of silicone interocclusal records as the reference standard. Subgroup analysis was performed according to anterior teeth area, premolars area and molars area. Results: The accuracy of occlusal contacts on digital models of the half dentition in five buccal scanning positions were: group 1 (86.8%), group 2 (92.0%), group 3 (90.7%), group 4 (91.1%), group 5 (90.4%), and the accuracy of occlusal contacts in group 1 was significantly lower than those in the other four groups (P<0.05). The accuracy of anterior teeth area were 85.6%-93.9%; the accuracy of premolar area were 92.5%-94.4%; the accuracy of molar area were 77.3%-93.6%, group 1 was significantly lower than those in the group 4 in molars area (P<0.05), the accuracy of anterior area was statistically less than premolars area and molars area in group 1 (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in pairwise comparison between the three sections (P>0.05). Conclusions: The digital models scanned intraoral methods provide accurate, quantitative measures of occlusal contacts when transillumination contacts are the reference standard.


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Arco Dental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar , Adulto Jovem
11.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 743-749, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045785

RESUMO

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate the change of the long axis angle and the relative displacement of the crown feature points of the posterior teeth under normal bite force utilizing an intraoral scanner, and to provide clinical reference. Methods: From May to December 2019, fifteen graduate volunteers (5 males and 10 females, aged from 22 to 30, with an average age of 25.7 years) from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were recruited to participate in the study. The surface data (U1, L1) of the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth were scanned by an intraoral scanner i500, and saved as original data. The volunteers were guided to bite in the intercuspal position with normal bite force. The buccal bite data of the posterior teeth were scanned as the basis for registration. The digital casts were imported into Geomagic studio 2013 software and the boundary lines along the gingival margin and mesial and distal contact area of posterior teeth of data (U1, L1) were determined. Long axis of the crown, crown centroid and mesial functional cusp vertex were establishd. The data (U1, L1) were segmented into single tooth. Single tooth was aligned to buccal bite data separately using best-fit alignment command based on the buccal common area of the crown and new casts data (U2, L2) were obtained as the data under bite force. The long axis angle and centroid distance between adjacent teeth (second premolar and first molar, second molar and first molar) were measured and the deviation between data obtained at mouth-open state and that at biting state was calculated. Negative value meant centroid distance became shorter under bite force. The first molar was set as the common area and registrate the U1, L1 to U2, L2. The angle of long axes, and displacement of centroid and of functional cusp vertex between second premolar of two casts were calculated, as well as between second molar of two casts. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze the differences of teeth displacement between second premolar and second molar, and between maxillary and mandibular jaws with SPSS 26.0 statistical software. Results: The result of second premolar and second molar in the same jaw had no statistical difference (P>0.05). The centroid distance deviation of mandibular second premolar-first molar [-0.022(0.046) mm] was larger than that of maxilla [-0.006 (0.040) mm] (P<0.05). The long axis angle of second premolar itself [0.913°(0.647°)] and centroid distance of second molar itself [0.102 (0.106) mm] on the mandibular jaw were different from that on the maxillary jaw, which were 0.590°(0.550°) and 0.074(0.060) mm respectively (P<0.05). Conclusions: Under bite force, displacement of the second premolar and second molar was present, including the displacement of centroids and deflection of long axes. The mandibular posterior teeth have larger displacement than the maxillary teeth.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Dente Molar , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Oclusão Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 621-625, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025929

RESUMO

AIM: The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of different dental varnishes in prevention of demineralization of enamel along the orthodontic brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 premolars that do not have caries and were extracted for orthodontic purposes were used in this study. Transbond™ Plus was used to bond premolar brackets onto the treated surface of enamel. The teeth were then divided into three groups. Group I: Profluorid varnish, group II: CPP-ACP varnish, and group III: Duraflor™ varnish. A Vickers diamond indenter was used to assess the microhardness of the surface of enamel at baseline, fourth day, and seventh day. RESULTS: A slightly meaner surface microhardness (SMH; 334.20 ± 2.10) was seen in group III when compared with group I (332.16 ± 3.02) and group II (330.40 ± 2.02). The mean SMH was 342.02 ± 0.82 in group I on the fourth day which was slightly higher than that of the baseline values, followed by group III (339.48 ± 0.34) and group II (336.64 ± 1.14). No statistically significant differences were noted between the groups. A higher mean microhardness of 349.84 ± 0.66 was seen in group I on the seventh day, followed by group III (342.26 ± 1.08) and group II (338.18 ± 1.08). A statistically highly significant difference was seen between the groups. CONCLUSION: The present study concluded Profluorid varnish to have maximum potential to reduce demineralization of enamel followed by Duraflor and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) group. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: A most common clinical challenge encountered in orthodontic clinical practice is enamel demineralization or white spot lesion (WSL) development throughout the fixed appliance treatment. Thus, the information about several available varnishes is important to prevent demineralization in regular dental practice.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Desmineralização do Dente , Dente Pré-Molar , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Braquetes Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos
13.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 298-303, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043348

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the percentage of residual support height (Ph) and the percentage of residual root surface area (Ps) in evaluating periodontal support ability by simulating different stages of periodontitis based on the curved surface modeling. METHODS: Fifteen cone-beam CT (CBCT) images including 420 teeth in total were collected. The data were reconstructed into 3-dimensional teeth models by Mimics software.The 3D surface model of the tooth was then optimized by Geomagic software and then imported into Solidworks software to simulate different periodontal support height. Ph and Ps were measured and calculated to evaluate the consistency of Ph and Ps results in all tooth types. The data were analyzed with SPSS 22.0 software package. RESULTS: RSA in incisors, canines and premolars: coronal 1/3>middle 1/3>apical 1/3. RSA in molars: middle 1/3>coronal 1/3>apical 1/3. Maxillary first molar had the largest RSA, accounting for 11.60% of the dentition, which was about 3.18 times than mandibular central incisor. The difference between Ph and Ps in all types of teeth was statistically significant (P<0.01). The 95% confidence interval(CI) of the difference between Ph and Ps in the maxillary incisor, mandibular incisor, mandibular canine was between the clinical consistency limit (-15%, 15%). In the remaining tooth types, 95%CI of the difference between Ph and Ps was beyond the clinical consistency limit (-15%, 15%). CONCLUSIONS: For single-root tooth, except maxillary canine, the remaining periodontal support height could replace periodontal support area. For multi-rooted tooth, judging the ability of periodontal support ability only by alveolar bone absorption ratio in 2D index has significant limitations. Full consideration is needed to focus on root morphological discrepancy when determining the extent of periodontal disease.


Assuntos
Periodonto , Raiz Dentária , Dente Pré-Molar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Incisivo , Periodonto/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am ; 32(4): 561-570, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912779

RESUMO

Impacted incisors, canines, premolars, and second molar are problems encountered frequently by general dentists, orthodontists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The etiology of impacted teeth is multifactorial. Traditional radiographs can be used for location of the impacted tooth but 3-D CBCT is superior in evaluating the tooth's position. Successful management requires an interdisciplinary approach with an orthodontist responsible for the overall success of the treatment plan. Surgical exposure of these impacted teeth is accomplished using an open or closed surgical procedure. Choosing the appropriate surgical procedure and orthodontic treatment plan will result in a stable, predictable, and aesthetic result.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Dente Pré-Molar , Dente Canino , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Maxila , Dente Molar
15.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(4): e17-e27, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863088

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this research was to evaluate the treatment outcomes, long-term occlusal changes, and patient satisfaction after 37 years of nonextraction and extraction treatments. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with Class I and Class II malocclusion were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 included 16 patients treated with nonextraction therapy, with mean initial (T1), final (T2), and long-term posttreatment (T3) ages of 13.2, 15.0, and 50.3 years, respectively. Mean treatment time (T2 - T1) and long-term follow-up time (T3 - T2) were 1.8 and 35.2 years, respectively. Group 2 included 41 patients treated with extraction of 4 first premolars, with mean ages at T1, T2, and T3 of 13.3, 15.6, and 53.6 years, respectively. Mean treatment (T2 - T1) and long-term follow-up (T3 - T2) times were 2.3 and 37.9 years, respectively. The Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index and Objective Grading System (OGS) indexes were evaluated at T1, T2, and T3 stages. The subjects also answered an online questionnaire regarding esthetic and occlusal self-perception at T3. Intergroup comparison was performed with t tests. RESULTS: The PAR index improved with treatment and similarly worsened at T3 for both groups. OGS scores were close to the passing score at T2 for both groups. The nonextraction group presented worse OGS scores at T3 than the extraction group. Nonextraction patients perceived more changes in alignment over time, but overall satisfaction was similar. CONCLUSIONS: The PAR index improved with treatment, and the PAR and OGS scores showed a significant increase, indicating great occlusal changes in the long-term stage. The nonextraction group showed more occlusal changes and perceived more changes in their alignment over time, but overall patient satisfaction was similar in both groups.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Satisfação do Paciente , Dente Pré-Molar , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ortodontia Corretiva , Extração Dentária , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 793-798, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895663

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of developmental defects of the enamel (DDE) in premolars whose infected predecessors were submitted to pulp therapy with antibiotic paste or extractions due to pulp necrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a consecutive sample consisting of children and adolescents who presented with fully erupted premolars, was evaluated. Data were collected by dental examinations, in which the modified DDE index was applied. Dental records were evaluated and three groups of premolars were determined according to the clinical history of predecessors: GCTZ: with pulp necrosis and treated with CTZ (chloramphenicol, tetracycline, zinc oxide and eugenol) paste; GE: with pulp necrosis and treated by extraction; GH: healthy and physiologically exfoliated. Descriptive analysis and a logistic regression (p <0.05) were performed. RESULTS: The study included 1017 premolars, DDE was present in 22.5%. Premolars belonging to the GE group presented higher odds of DDE (odds ratio (OR) = 3.52, 95% CI:2.29-5.40) than those of GCTZ group (OR = 2.43, 95% CI:1.51-3.91) and GH group (p <0.01). Enamel defects were more frequent in maxillary premolars (OR = 3.22, 95% CI:1.65-6.27, OR = 3.39, 95% CI:1.67-6.90, OR = 2.90, 95% CI:1.48-5.66 and OR = 3.10, 95% CI:1.54-6.23). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of enamel defects was higher in premolars whose predecessors were removed because of necrosis, followed by those treated with CTZ paste and those that were healthy by the time exfoliation occurred.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Esmalte Dentário , Adolescente , Dente Pré-Molar , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência
17.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(2): 112-116, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920613

RESUMO

Orthodontics with low friction, low force, passive self-ligating brackets produces alveolar-dental remodeling, resulting in an increase in the transverse diameter of the dental arches, especially in the premolar sector. The aim of this study was to compare the modifications of the transverse diameter in the pre- and post-dental alignment cast models with orthodontics with passive self-ligating brackets in patients with moderate to severe dental discrepancy. The study included 28 patients of both sexes aged 16 to 48 years with dental discrepancies between -6 and -16 mm, treated with self-ligating Damon brackets and thermally activated Nickel- Titanium-Copper arches. With a digital pachymeter, Mitutoyo brand, five measurements were taken per dental arch: distance between canines (C), first premolars (1PM), second premolars (2 PM), first molars (1M) and second molars (2M), before and after orthodontic alignment. The variations were statistically evaluated by Student T Test for paired samples. Average distance between teeth varied with dental alignment in both jaws. The greatest increases in transverse diameter were recorded in the premolar areas. Minor though statistically significant variations also occurred in the 2M of the maxilla and in the C of the mandible In alignment with passive self-ligating brackets, there is an increase in the transverse diameter due to the development of the dental arches, mainly in the premolar sector of both jaws and also at the level of the canines in the mandible.


Assuntos
Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Fechamento de Espaço Ortodôntico/instrumentação , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/instrumentação , Adolescente , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Oral Sci ; 62(4): 458-460, 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863316

RESUMO

The purpose of this case report is to describe a minimally invasive technique for non-vital tooth bleaching using traditional Japanese paper, known as washi. Non-vital tooth bleaching with a mixture of sodium perborate and 30% hydrogen peroxide rolled in Japanese paper for a traumatically injured tooth, and in-office vital-tooth bleaching for the upper front six teeth and first premolars, were performed. Five-year follow-up showed satisfactory stability in the bleaching effects and did not show any problems in the traumatically injured tooth. The use of Japanese paper for non-vital tooth bleaching may minimize damage to discolored non-vital teeth.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Dente não Vital , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Japão
19.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(8): 1110-1119, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788489

RESUMO

Background: Bimaxillary protrusion is a condition wherein esthetic concerns are the main reason behind seeking orthodontic treatment. Aim: The aim of this retrospective cephalometric study was to evaluate the soft tissue profile and dental changes among female Saudi bimaxillary protrusion patients treated with extraction of all second premolars followed by retraction of the anterior teeth. Subjects and Methods: Pre and posttreatment cephalometric radiographs of adult female patients (ages 18-30 years) who underwent orthodontic therapy for Class I bimaxillary protrusion were obtained. Data were analyzed with SPSS® software. A paired t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficients were conducted with the statistical significance set at 95% (P value < 0.05). Results: At posttreatment, there was an overall decrease in the mean values among the majority of the soft tissue and dental cephalometric angles and linear measurements. Among soft tissue variables, there was a marginal increase in the upper lip length by 1.49 mm (P < 0.001), and the nasolabial angle increased markedly by 7.64° (P < 0.001). Similarly, a marked increase in retroclination by 5.95° (P < 0.001) was observed among the dental variables. Conversely, no significant changes were noted in the lower incisors. Pearson's correlation analysis revealed a significant correlation between all the different dental variables. Within the soft tissue variables, there was a significant positive correlation between changes in the upper lip protrusion, lower lip protrusion, upper lip thickness, and the distance from the upper and lower lips to the S-line.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia , Incisivo , Lábio , Má Oclusão/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cefalometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/patologia , Lábio/anatomia & histologia , Lábio/patologia , Masculino , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extração Dentária , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 52-56, mayo-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121121

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos mediante el empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de alumnos de grado de una cátedra de endodoncia de una universidad argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo durante los años 2017, 2018 y 2019 (54 por cohorte) en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos por alumnos de grado de la cátedra de Endodoncia I de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Para la instrumentación fue empleado el sistema ProTaper Next. La muestra se tomó de forma aleatoria. En un programa de presentación de computadora se incluyeron las radiografías periapicales pre- y posoperatoria para su evaluación. Un evaluador externo analizó las imágenes radiográficas de los tratamientos y los categorizó como correctos o incorrectos teniendo en cuenta tres requisitos excluyentes: la conformación de la preparación quirúrgica, el límite apical y la homogeneidad de la obturación. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó la frecuencia relativa (intervalo de confianza 95%) y la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados mostró un número considerable de tratamientos correctos. Los resultados para cada cohorte (años 2017, 2018 y 2019) fueron del 96,3% (87,2- 99,5%), el 94,4% (84,6-98,8%) y el 98,2% (90,1-99,9%) respectivamente. El porcentaje global de tratamientos correctos fue del 96,3% (92,1-98,6%). La diferencia entre las cohortes no fue estadísticamente significativa (P>0,05). Conclusión: El empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de estudiantes de grado evaluados mostró resultados radiográficamente satisfactorios en la instrumentación ex vivo de conductos radiculares de premolares inferiores y superiores humanos (AU)


Aim: To evaluate radiographically, 162 endodontic treatments performed ex vivo by three cohorts of students from a school of dentistry in Argentina, using ProTaper Next rotatory system in mandibular and maxillary human premolars. Materials and methods: 162 mandibular and maxillary human premolars received endodontic treatment by undergraduate students from the Department of Endodontics I of the School of Dentistry USAL/AOA. The treatments were performed ex vivo during the academic years 2017, 2018 and 2019 (54 teeth were chosen for each cohort) using the rotatory system ProTaper Next. The samples were taken randomly. Pre and postoperative radiographs were included in a computer presentation program for its evaluation. An external examiner analysed the radiographic images by the shape of the preparation, the apical limit, and the homogeneity of the obturation, considering the treatments well obturated (correct) or ill obturated (incorrect). To be considered correct the case had to meet all the requirements. The statistic calculations used in this study were: relative frequency (confidence interval 95%) and the chi-square test. Results: The radiographic evaluation showed a considerable number of endodontic treatments correctly done using ProTaper Next system. The percentages for each cohort were 96.3% (87.2-99.5%), 94.4% (84.6-98.8%) y 98.2% (90.1-99.9%) for years 2017, 2018 y 2019 respectively. Global percentage of correctly endodontic treatments was 96.3% (92.1-98.6%). The difference between the cohorts was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The use of ProTaper Next by the dental students evaluated showed satisfactory results in the ex vivo instrumentation of mandibular and maxillary human premolar root canals (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Equipamentos Odontológicos de Alta Rotação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Educação Pré-Odontológica/métodos , Avaliação Educacional , Argentina , Faculdades de Odontologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Análise Estatística , Resultado do Tratamento
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