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1.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 217, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important concept to consider both individuals' ability to manage their daily lives and health status across the lifespan. Despite this variable's importance, there is a lack of clarification on the factors associated with HRQOL, especially for military women. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with HRQOL of military women in the Republic of Korea (ROK) Army. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 196 participants who were currently within their 5-year service period. HRQOL was measured by the Korean version of the Short-Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire version 2.0 (SF-36v2), and depression was assessed using the Korean version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Differences in HRQOL according to general and occupational factors were analyzed using the independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with the HRQOL of women serving as military junior officers. RESULTS: The mean score for the physical component summary (PCS) of SF-36v2 was 56.0 ± 5.8, and that for the mental component summary (MCS) of SF-36v2 was 47.2 ± 10.0. For depression, the mean score was 5.4 ± 5.2, whereas 19.4% of the participants scored more than 10 out of 27 points, which means moderate to severe. No variables showed statistically significant relationships with the PCS. However, military women showed a lower score for MCS when they were officers (adjusted ß = - 3.52; 95% CI = - 5.47, - 1.58), had higher perceived stress (adjusted ß = - 0.62, 95% CI = - 0.83, - 0.41), and a higher score for depression (adjusted ß = - 0.86, 95% CI = - 1.10, - 0.63). CONCLUSIONS: Although depression levels were not severe, it was a significant factor of HRQOL. Stress and depression were found to be significant factors associated with the MCS in military women. Therefore, to improve their HRQOL, the ROK Army should provide early screening, intervention, and management program for high-risk military women. In addition, an appropriate organizational atmosphere within the military must be created to promote such programs.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Militares/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17595, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475457

RESUMO

Pandemics such as the Covid-19 pandemic have shown to impact our physical and mental well-being, with particular challenges for children and families. We describe data from 43 adults (31♀, ages = 22-51; 21 mothers) and 26 children (10♀, ages = 7-17 years) including pre-pandemic brain function and seven assessment points during the first months of the pandemic. We investigated (1) changes in child and adult well-being, (2) mother-child associations of mental well-being, and (3) associations between pre-pandemic brain activation during mentalizing and later fears or burden. In adults the prevalence of clinically significant anxiety-levels was 34.88% and subthreshold depression 32.56%. Caregiver burden in parents was moderately elevated. Overall, scores of depression, anxiety, and caregiver burden decreased across the 11 weeks after Covid-19-onset. Children's behavioral and emotional problems during Covid-19 did not significantly differ from pre-pandemic levels and decreased during restrictions. Mothers' subjective burden of care was associated with children's emotional and behavioral problems, while depression levels in mothers were related to children's mood. Furthermore, meeting friends was a significant predictor of children's mood during early restrictions. Pre-pandemic neural correlates of mentalizing in prefrontal regions preceded later development of fear of illnesses and viruses in all participants, while temporoparietal activation preceded higher subjective burden in mothers.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , COVID-19 , Depressão , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico por imagem , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Depressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico por imagem , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e27090, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is the second most-common blinding ophthalmic disease in the world, and its incidence has been rising year by year in recent years. Currently, the main treatment of glaucoma still relies on surgery. Glaucoma patients often suffer from various psychological problems like anxiety and depression not only because of the lack of understanding of the surgical treatment of glaucoma, but also the long-term stress and the poor prognosis. As alternative therapies, non-pharmacological interventions can greatly alleviate psychological burdens and improve sleep quality in surgically treated glaucoma patients. Randomized controlled trials of non-pharmacologic interventions for glaucoma have been reported, although the results remain conflicting. Evidences for determining the efficacy of non-pharmacologic interventions for glaucoma are scant. This study aims to assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in patients with postoperative glaucoma through a network meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of relevant literatures published before August 2021 about the effects of non-pharmacological interventions on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in patients with postoperative glaucoma will be performed in Wanfang, VP Information Chinese Journal Service Platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese BioMedicine Literature Database, Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of science. Two reviewers will be independently responsible for literature screening and selection, quality assessment, and data extraction. WinBUGS 1.4 will be used for the network meta-analysis. RESULTS: This meta-analysis will provide additional and stronger evidences for non-pharmacological interventions on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in patients with postoperative glaucoma, which will help clinicians and decision makers to make an optimal therapeutic strategy. CONCLUSION: This study will provide a reliable evidence-based basis for the clinical application of non-pharmacological interventions on anxiety, depression, and sleep quality in patients with postoperative glaucoma. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was not required for this study. The systematic review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal, presented at conferences, and shared on social media platforms. This review would be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal or conference presentations. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/TYJPK.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Protocolos Clínicos , Depressão/terapia , Glaucoma/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Glaucoma/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
4.
J Korean Med Sci ; 36(36): e262, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study explored the clinical variables related to public workers' stress and anxiety regarding the viral epidemic, and the mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between their depression and anxiety in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: A total of 938 public workers answered anonymous questionnaires in May 2020. The survey included rating scales such as the Stress and Anxiety to Viral Epidemics-9 (SAVE-9), Patients Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale 2 items (CD-RISC 2), and subjects also answered whether they were employed in COVID-19 related fields. RESULTS: Married, female, junior, public workers reported a higher level of stress and anxiety in response to the viral epidemic. Furthermore, high levels of stress and anxiety toward the epidemic are defined by high PHQ-9, high GAD-7, and low CD-RISC 2 scores. It could also be seen that resilience mediated the effect of depression in public workers and their stress and anxiety levels toward the epidemic. CONCLUSION: It is important to reduce the psychological burden of public workers and manage their mental health to help them cope with the epidemic wisely and efficiently. Among many mental health factors, psychological resilience represents an essential target for psychological intervention among public workers.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Resiliência Psicológica , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256261, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415929

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that non-binary people have poorer mental and physical health outcomes, compared with people who identify within the gender binomial (man/woman). Research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health has been conducted worldwide in the last few months. It has however overlooked gender diversity. The aim of our study was to explore social and health-related factors associated with mental health (anxiety and depression) among people who do not identify with the man/woman binomial during COVID-19 lockdown in Spain. A cross-sectional study with online survey, aimed at the population residing in Spain during lockdown, was conducted. Data were collected between the 8th of April until the 28th of May 2020, the time period when lockdown was implemented in Spain. Mental health was measured using the Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale for anxiety, and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) for depression. The survey included the question: Which sex do you identify with? The options "Man", "Woman", "Non-binary" and "I do not identify" were given. People who answered one of the last two options were selected for this study. Multivariate regression logistic models were constructed to evaluate the associations between sociodemographic, social and health-related factors, anxiety and depression. Out of the 7125 people who participated in the survey, 72 (1%) identified as non-binary or to not identify with another category. People who do not identify with the man/woman binomial (non-binary/I do not identify) presented high proportions of anxiety (41.7%) and depression (30.6%). Poorer mental health was associated with social-employment variables (e.g., not working before the pandemic) and health-related variables (e.g., poor or regular self-rated health). These findings suggest that social inequities, already experienced by non-binary communities before the pandemic, may deepen due to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Condições Sociais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15828, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349156

RESUMO

Precise remote evaluation of both suicide risk and psychiatric disorders is critical for suicide prevention as well as for psychiatric well-being. Using questionnaires is an alternative to labor-intensive diagnostic interviews in a large general population, but previous models for predicting suicide attempts suffered from low sensitivity. We developed and validated a deep graph neural network model that increased the prediction sensitivity of suicide risk in young adults (n = 17,482 for training; n = 14,238 for testing) using multi-dimensional questionnaires and suicidal ideation within 2 weeks as the prediction target. The best model achieved a sensitivity of 76.3%, specificity of 83.4%, and an area under curve of 0.878 (95% confidence interval, 0.855-0.899). We demonstrated that multi-dimensional deep features covering depression, anxiety, resilience, self-esteem, and clinico-demographic information contribute to the prediction of suicidal ideation. Our model might be useful for the remote evaluation of suicide risk in the general population of young adults for specific situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Área Sob a Curva , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , República da Coreia , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , Autoimagem , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tentativa de Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Glob Heart ; 16(1): 47, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381669

RESUMO

Background: The implications of city lockdown on vital signs during the COVID-19 outbreak are unknown. Objective: We longitudinally tracked vital signs using data from wearable sensors and determined associations with anxiety and depression. Methods: We selected all participants in the HUAWEI Heart Study from Wuhan and four nearby large provincial capital cities (Guangzhou, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Zhengzhou) and extracted all data from 26 December 2019 (one month before city lockdown) to 21 February 2020. Sleep duration and quality, daily steps, oxygen saturation and heart rate were collected on a daily basis. We compared the vital signs before and after the lockdown using segmented regression analysis of the interrupted time series. The depression and anxiety cases were defined as scores ≥8 on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression and anxiety subscales [HADS-D and HADS-A] in 727 participants who finished the survey. Results: We included 19,960 participants (mean age 36 yrs, 90% men). Compared with pre-lockdown, resting heart rate dropped immediately by 1.1 bpm after city lockdown (95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.8, -0.4). Sleep duration increased by 0.5 hour (95% CI: 0.3, 0.8) but deep sleep ratio decreased by 0.9% (95% CI: -1.2, -0.6). Daily steps decreased by 3352 steps (95% CI: -4333, -2370). Anxiety and depression existed in 26% and 17% among 727 available participants, respectively, and associated with longer sleep duration (0.2 and 0.1 hour, both p < 0.001). Conclusions: Lockdown of Wuhan in China was associated with an adverse vital signs profile (reduced physical activity, heart rate, and sleep quality, but increased sleep duration). Wearable devices in combination with mobile-based apps may be useful to monitor both physical and mental health. Clinical trial registration: The trial is registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR) website (ChiCTR-OOC-17014138).


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Exercício Físico , Frequência Cardíaca , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Política Pública , Sono , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oximetria , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Sinais Vitais , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Adulto Jovem
8.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371931

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine the independent and joint associations of acid-producing diets and depressive symptoms with physical health among breast cancer survivors. We studied a cohort of 2944 early stage breast cancer survivors who provided dietary, physical health, demographic, and lifestyle information at baseline, year 1, and year 4. We assessed the intakes of acid-producing diets via two commonly used dietary acid load scores: potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP). Physical health was measured using the Rand 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), consisting of physical functioning, role limitation due to physical function, bodily pain, general health, and overall physical health subscales. Increased dietary acid load and depression were each independently and significantly associated with reduced physical health subscales and overall physical health. Further, dietary acid load and depression were jointly associated with worse physical health. For instance, depressed women with dietary acid load higher than median reported 2.75 times the risk (odds ratio = 2.75; 95% confidence interval: 2.18-3.47) of reduced physical function and 3.10 times the risk of poor physical health (odds ratio = 3.10; 95% confidence interval: 2.53-3.80) compared to non-depressed women with dietary acid load lower than median. Our results highlight the need of controlling acid-producing diets and the access of mental care for breast cancer survivors.


Assuntos
Ácidos/efeitos adversos , Afeto , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Depressão/complicações , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Saúde Mental , Ácidos/metabolismo , Adulto , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26898, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397916

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To investigate the anxiety and depression of patients with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who participated in Baduanjin exercise.From February 20, 2020 to March 7, 2020, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD) were used to investigate the anxiety and depression levels of patients with COVID-19 who participated in Baduanjin exercise. Ninety one questionnaires were received, including 40 males and 51 females. Stepwise regression analysis was used to analyze the effects of related factors on anxiety and depression levels.In Square cabin hospital, 91% of patients participated in Baduanjin exercise had no obvious anxiety and 82% had no obvious depression. The scores of anxiety and depression of female patients were significantly higher than that of male patients. Bachelor degree or above with low scores for anxiety and depression. The frequency of Baduanjin exercise was negatively correlated with anxiety and depression score.The development of Baduanjin exercise has a certain positive influence on the COVID-19 patients in the Square cabin hospital, which is conducive to alleviate anxiety and depression symptoms of the patients.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , COVID-19/complicações , Depressão/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/normas , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(33): e27018, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414995

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is the leading type of cancer among women worldwide, and a high number of breast cancer patients are suffering from psychological and cognitive disorders. This cross-sectional study used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and clinical neuropsychological tests to evaluate the possible underlying mechanisms.We enrolled 32 breast cancer patients without chemotherapy (BC), 32 breast cancer patients within 6 to 12 months after the completion of chemotherapy (BC_CTx) and 46 healthy controls. Participants underwent neuropsychological tests and rs-fMRI with mean fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation and mean regional homogeneity analyses. Between groups whole-brain voxel-wise rs-fMRI comparisons were calculated using two-sample t test. rs-fMRI and neuropsychological tests correlation analyses were calculated using multiple regression. Age and years of education were used as covariates. A false discovery rate-corrected P-value of less than .05 was considered statistically significant.We found significantly alteration of mean fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation and mean regional homogeneity in the frontoparietal lobe and occipital lobe in the BC group compared with the other 2 groups, indicating alteration of functional dorsal attention network (DAN). Furthermore, we found the DAN alteration was correlated with neuropsychological impairment.The majority of potential underlying mechanisms of DAN alteration in BC patients may due to insufficient frontoparietal lobe neural activity to drive DAN and may be related to the effects of neuropsychological distress. Further longitudinal studies with comprehensive images and neuropsychological tests correlations are recommended.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Tratamento Farmacológico/estatística & dados numéricos , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Tratamento Farmacológico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taiwan
11.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the quality of the diet and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the presence of persistent or recurrent depressive symptoms have been described. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the intake of specific foods in primary care patients aged 45 to 75, having subclinical or major depression. The study also specifically analyzes this relationship in individuals suffering from chronic diseases. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. 3062 subjects met the inclusion criteria from the EIRA study. Sociodemographic variables, clinical morbidity, depression symptomatology (PHQ-9) and adherence to Mediterranean diet (MEDAS) were collected. RESULTS: Being female, younger, with a higher BMI, consuming more than 1 serving of red meat a day and drinking more than one carbonated or sugary drink daily, not consuming 3 servings of nuts a week and not eating 2 vegetables cooked in olive oil a week are predictors of having higher depressive symptomatology. CONCLUSIONS: Assessing the type of diet of patients presenting depressive symptoms and promoting adherence to a healthy diet is important, especially in patients with chronic diseases. However, depression is a very complex issue and the relationship between nutrition and depression must be further examined.


Assuntos
Depressão/dietoterapia , Dieta Saudável/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta Mediterrânea/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445375

RESUMO

Fast and sustained antidepressant effects of ketamine identified the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway as the main modulator of its antidepressive effects. Thus, mTOR signaling has become integral for the preclinical evaluation of novel compounds to treat depression. However, causality between mTOR and depression has yet to be determined. To address this, we knocked down mTOR expression in mice using an acute intracerebral infusion of small interfering RNAs (siRNA) in the infralimbic (IL) or prelimbic (PrL) cortices of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), and evaluated depressive- and anxious-like behaviors. mTOR knockdown in IL, but not PrL, cortex produced a robust depressive-like phenotype in mice, as assessed in the forced swimming test (FST) and the tail suspension test (TST). This phenotype was associated with significant reductions of mTOR mRNA and protein levels 48 h post-infusion. In parallel, decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression was found bilaterally in both IL and PrL cortices along with a dysregulation of serotonin (5-HT) and glutamate (Glu) release in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN). Overall, our results demonstrate causality between mTOR expression in the IL cortex and depressive-like behaviors, but not in anxiety.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Depressão/genética , Depressão/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Núcleo Dorsal da Rafe/metabolismo , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Elevação dos Membros Posteriores , Masculino , Camundongos , Serotonina/metabolismo , Natação
13.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371865

RESUMO

(1) Background: Evidence has accumulated that patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are at higher risk for vitamin D deficiency than healthy controls. In epidemiologic studies, low 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with depression. This study analyzed the relationship between 25(OH)D serum levels in adolescent patients and AN and depressive symptoms over the course of treatment. (2) Methods: 25(OH)D levels and depressive symptoms were analyzed in 93 adolescent (in-)patients with AN from the Anorexia Nervosa Day patient versus Inpatient (ANDI) multicenter trial at clinic admission, discharge, and 1 year follow up. Mixed regression models were used to analyze the relationship between 25(OH)D levels and depressive symptoms assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). (3) Results: Although mean 25(OH)D levels constantly remained in recommended ranges (≥50 nmol/L) during AN treatment, levels decreased from (in)patient admission to 1 year follow up. Levels of 25(OH)D were neither cross-sectionally, prospectively, nor longitudinally associated with the BDI-II score. (4) Conclusions: This study did not confirm that 25(OH)D levels are associated with depressive symptoms in patients with AN. However, increasing risks of vitamin D deficiency over the course of AN treatment indicate that clinicians should monitor 25(OH)D levels.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa/sangue , Depressão/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/psicologia , Adolescente , Assistência ao Convalescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia , Anorexia Nervosa/terapia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue
14.
S Afr Fam Pract (2004) ; 63(1): e1-e4, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342481

RESUMO

The effect of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the mood responses of individuals is an important indicator of how society is coping with the pandemic. Characterising mood responses in a South African sample could prepare clinicians for possible presentations of mental health concerns in general practice. This study described mood responses during COVID-19 Alert Level 1. The sample of 641 participants who completed the Brunel Mood State Scale during November 2020 was drawn from primary healthcare and family medicine clinics and practices in Cape Town. Their mood response profile was described and compared with pre-COVID-19 norms. The mood profile represented an inverse iceberg profile, with mean scores deviating significantly from pre-COVID-19 norms across all six mood dimensions measured. The inverse iceberg profile had been associated with a range of psychopathologies, suggesting an increased risk of psychological disorders. The current profile of mood responses could alert clinicians to the possibility of increased mental health needs of patients. Patient reports of prolonged anxiety and fatigue, particularly when combined with low mood and low vigour, could signal the need for intervention or referral for further mental health support.


Assuntos
Afeto , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/organização & administração , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , África do Sul , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Lancet Psychiatry ; 8(9): 836-852, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419188

RESUMO

Emotional mental imagery is a powerful part of our mental landscape. Given its capacity to depict, process, and generate emotional events, mental imagery could have an important role in psychological therapies. This Series paper explores whether harnessing emotional mental imagery is meaningful to young people; ways in which interventions use emotional mental imagery; contextual and individual factors influencing intervention effectiveness; and mechanisms underpinning imagery techniques. We completed a systematic review of imagery interventions and consulted young people with lived experience (n=10) and leading international experts (n=7). The systematic search identified 86 papers covering a diverse range of imagery interventions. Across the seven categories of techniques reviewed, imagery rescripting for aversive memories, techniques targeting positive imagery, and imagery-enhanced protocols indicated the most potential. The report suggests that harnessing emotional mental imagery in psychological interventions could be a promising approach to reduce anxiety and depression and that mental health science could inform the development of new interventions and help to maximise intervention effectiveness.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Emoções , Imagens, Psicoterapia/métodos , Imaginação , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255510, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel virus outbreaks, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may increase psychological distress among frontline workers. Psychological distress may lead to reduced performance, reduced employability or even burnout. In the present study, we assessed experienced psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic from a self-determination theory perspective. METHODS: This mixed-methods study, with repeated measures, used surveys (quantitative data) combined with audio diaries (qualitative data) to assess work-related COVID-19 experiences, psychological need satisfaction and frustration, and psychological distress over time. Forty-six participants (nurses, junior doctors, and consultants) completed 259 surveys and shared 60 audio diaries. Surveys and audio diaries were analysed separately. RESULTS: Quantitative results indicated that perceived psychological distress during COVID-19 was higher than pre-COVID-19 and fluctuated over time. Need frustration, specifically autonomy and competence, was positively associated with psychological distress, while need satisfaction, especially relatedness, was negatively associated with psychological distress. In the qualitative, thematic analysis, we observed that especially organisational logistics (rostering, work-life balance, and internal communication) frustrated autonomy, and unfamiliarity with COVID-19 frustrated competence. Despite many need frustrating experiences, a strong connection with colleagues and patients were important sources of relatedness support (i.e. need satisfaction) that seemed to mitigate psychological distress. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in an increase of psychological distress among frontline workers. Both need frustration and need satisfaction explained unique variance of psychological distress, but seemed to originate from different sources. Challenging times require healthcare organisations to better support their professionals by tailored formal and informal support. We propose to address both indirect (e.g. organisation) and direct (e.g. colleagues) elements of the clinical and social environment in order to reduce need frustration and enhance need satisfaction.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255594, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352012

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Implementation of evidence-based care for heavy drinking and depression remains low in global health systems. We tested the impact of providing community support, training, and clinical packages of varied intensity on depression screening and management for heavy drinking patients in Latin American primary healthcare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quasi-experimental study involving 58 primary healthcare units in Colombia, Mexico and Peru randomized to receive: (1) usual care (control); (2) training using a brief clinical package; (3) community support plus training using a brief clinical package; (4) community support plus training using a standard clinical package. Outcomes were proportion of: (1) heavy drinking patients screened for depression; (2) screen-positive patients receiving appropriate support; (3) all consulting patients screened for depression, irrespective of drinking status. RESULTS: 550/615 identified heavy drinkers were screened for depression (89.4%). 147/230 patients screening positive for depression received appropriate support (64%). Amongst identified heavy drinkers, adjusting for country, sex, age and provider profession, provision of community support and training had no impact on depression activity rates. Intensity of clinical package also did not affect delivery rates, with comparable performance for brief and standard versions. However, amongst all consulting patients, training providers resulted in significantly higher rates of alcohol measurement and in turn higher depression screening rates; 2.7 times higher compared to those not trained. CONCLUSIONS: Training using a brief clinical package increased depression screening rates in Latin American primary healthcare. It is not possible to determine the effectiveness of community support on depression activity rates due to the impact of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Alcoólicos/psicologia , Depressão/terapia , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle , Intoxicação Alcoólica/psicologia , Alcoolismo/diagnóstico , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Atenção à Saúde , Depressão/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Detecção do Abuso de Substâncias/métodos
18.
Ann Clin Psychiatry ; 33(3): e02-e10, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to determine the role of psychological experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic (depression, anxiety, loneliness, and COVID-19-related grief and worry) on young adult physical and mental health functioning as measured by health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Using hierarchical multiple regression analyses, this cross-sectional study examined psychological predictors of physical and mental health functioning among young adults (age 18 to 30 years) from April 13 to September 5, 2020. RESULTS: Pre-existing depression diagnoses (beta = -0.124, P < .001), current depression symptoms (beta = -0.298, P < .001), and COVID-19-related worry (beta = -0.142, P < .001) significantly predicted poorer physical health functioning. Current depression and anxiety symptoms (beta = -0.342 and beta = -0.268), loneliness (beta = -0.135), and COVID-19-related grief (beta = -0.180) predicted lower self-reported mental health functioning (P < .001). Black (beta = -0.072) and Hispanic/Latinx participants (beta = -0.082) were more likely to indicate poorer physical health functioning (P < .01) relative to White participants, whereas women reported poorer mental health relative to men (beta = -0.047, P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies potential negative impacts of pandemic-related psychological experiences for young adults' health during the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a need to consider mental health symptomatology, COVID-19-related experiences, race, and gender when designing efforts to address long-term implications on health.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19 , Depressão/psicologia , Solidão/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , COVID-19/etnologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(9): 105964, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients who are victims of a mild stroke are vulnerable to several invisible and neglected neurological sequelae. In parallel, it is known that fatigue and neuropsychiatric symptoms are common complications after a stroke in general. Our aim was to describe the prevalence and the factors associated with these two outcomes after a minor stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study that included consecutive patients diagnosed with minor ischemic stroke between 2015 and 2019. Minor stroke was defined as NIHSS < 4 and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) < 2. Patients were followed for 12 months after the index stroke. The primary endpoints included fatigue and neuropsychiatric impairment, which were evaluated with the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), respectively. RESULTS: A total of sixty patients were followed in our cohort. The mean age was 53.0 (SD 15.0) and 51.7% were male. There were 32 (53.3%) and 25 (41.7%) patients who developed PSF and post-stroke neuropsychiatric symptoms, respectively. The use of antidepressants and statins were associated with post-stroke fatigue, while women and younger patients were more likely to develop neuropsychiatric symptoms after the stroke (p < 0.05). Eighteen (30.0%) patients were diagnosed with both post-stroke fatigue and psychiatric disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Post-stroke fatigue and neuropsychiatric symptoms are prevalent in minor stroke and should be independently addressed as a part of the recovery goal.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , AVC Isquêmico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , AVC Isquêmico/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 13(1): e1-e6, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological well-being of nurses is crucial for them to effectively discharge their duties. However, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related anxiety can interfere with nurses' performance and reduce their self-efficacy. AIM: The primary aim of this study was to assess COVID-19-related anxiety and functional impairment amongst nurses in Malawi. The secondary aim of the study was to determine reliability and validity of the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale. SETTING: The study was conducted in Malawi. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that collected quantitative data from 102 nurses in Malawi online. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and receiver operating curve analysis. RESULTS: This study found that 25.5% (26) of respondents had COVID-19-related anxiety and 48% (49) functional impairment. There were significant differences in the numbers of respondents who had functional impairment in relation to workplace (Χ2 = 8.7, p = 0.03), with many of those working in hospitals (58.6%, n = 34) having highest levels (mean = 20.6 ± 10.4). The Coronavirus Anxiety Scale proved to be an effective instrument (Sensitivity = 73.1%; Specificity = 60.5%; area under the curve = 0.73) for assessing COVID-19-related anxiety amongst nurses. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to screen nurses for COVID-19-related anxiety and functional impairment and provide them effective psychosocial interventions. Policymakers should place more emphasis on allocation of financial resources to mental health services and staff support programmes targeting nurses during pandemics. There is a need to conduct future research on mental health interventions that might be used to assist nurses with COVID-19-related anxiety and functional impairment.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pandemias , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Malaui , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
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