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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2090-2095, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355566

RESUMO

To isolate and identify secondary metabolites of marine-derived Streptomyces sp.MDW-06,the isolations and purifications of compounds were performed by means of column chromatography over silica gel. And their structures were elucidated through the spectroscopic analysis of MS,NMR and specific rotations. The bioactivities were assayed by paper diffusion and DPPH method. From the fermentation broth of marine-derived Streptomyces sp.MDW-06,five compounds( 1-5) were isolated and identified as streptopentanoic acid( 1),germicidin A( 2),germicidin B( 3),isogermicidin A( 4),isogermicidin B( 5) and oxohygrolidin( 6),respectively. Compound 1 is a new compound. Compound 1 shows DPPH radical scavenging activity with 36. 4% at 100 mg·L~(-1).


Assuntos
Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Policetídeos/química , Streptomyces/química , Cromatografia , Fermentação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Policetídeos/isolamento & purificação
2.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110539, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158404

RESUMO

The chemical characterization and protective role against ethanol-induced gastric ulcerated rats of a polysaccharide fraction from Bletilla striata (BSP) collected by ultrafiltration membrane approach were evaluated. This BSP faction was consisted of mannose and glucose at a molar ratio of 2.4:1 approximately, with a molecular weight of 146 KDa. FT-IR, NMR and XRD spectra indicated that BSP faction contained α-Man and ß-Glc residues with low overall crystallinity. The polysaccharide exhibited significant scavenging activities of ABTS and FRAP, as well as non-toxicity against human gastric epithelial GES-1 cells. Oral administration with 100 mg/kg of BSP for 3 days continuously could significantly prevent the formation of ethanol-induced gastric mucosal lesion. It could also reduce the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-18, and MPO activity in gastric tissue. Additionally, the BSP faction exhibited antioxidant activity, increased the content of PEG2 as a defensive factor, and suppressed MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway in gastric tissue. These results indicated that the gastroprotective activity of BSP faction could be attributed to the reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress and the inhibition of MAPK/NF-κB pathways. Our results provided substantial evidence that BSP could be a promising phytomedicine for gastric ulcer prevention.


Assuntos
Fármacos Gastrointestinais/farmacologia , Orchidaceae/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/toxicidade , Linhagem Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Etanol , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/toxicidade , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/toxicidade , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos/toxicidade , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
3.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104180, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150766

RESUMO

Effect-directed isolation of free radical scavengers from the methanol extract of the freeze-dried fruiting bodies of the cultivated basidiomycetous mushroom, black poplar (Cyclocybe cylindracea), yielded a ß-carboline alkaloid. Its structure was determined based on ESI-TOF-MS/MS, NMR and circular dichroism spectra by comparison with published data. The compound, identified as the C1-S diastereomer of brunnein B, exhibited explicit radical scavenging activity (EC50 = 119.1 ±â€¯1.2 µg/mL). The quantity of the active component was determined with HPLC-MS in the fruiting body (36.2 ±â€¯2.8 ng/g DW, dry weight) and its different tissues such as peel (94.7 ±â€¯1.9 ng/g DW), inner cap (90.5 ±â€¯1.3 ng/g DW), gills (71.5 ±â€¯0.6 ng/g DW), and stipe (162.2 ±â€¯1.7 ng/g DW). It is a ß-carboline alkaloid that was not reported previously.


Assuntos
Agaricales/química , Alcaloides/química , Carbolinas/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Carbolinas/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Hungria , Estrutura Molecular
4.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 131: 110563, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199992

RESUMO

Apple pomace (AP) utilised for analysis of triterpenic acids (TTAs) using HPLC-MS/MS. The methanol, ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts showed high phenolic content with significant antioxidant activity compared to chloroform and n-hexane. AP TTAs; ursolic acid, betulinic acid and maslinic acid showed potent antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory effects. The IC50 values were 13.2-30.8 µg/mL (tyrosinase), 19.6-42.5 µg/mL (xanthine oxidase) and 16.6-38.6 µg/mL (urease) for AP extracts and 8.4-25.8 µg/mL (tyrosinase), 12.6-30.2 µg/mL (xanthine oxidase) and 10.1-28.6 µg/mL (urease) for TTAs, compared to the positive controls; kojic acid (10.4 ±â€¯0.06 µg/mL), allopurinol (9.6 ±â€¯0.04 µg/mL) and thiourea (8.9 ±â€¯0.02 µg/mL) towards respective enzymes. UA showed a competitive type of inhibition for tyrosinase, while BA showed a noncompetitive type of inhibition towards xanthine oxidase. In addition, the AP extracts and TTAs exerted significant cytotoxic effects towards the proliferation of cancer cell lines. AP methanol extract (IC50 of 38.5 ±â€¯4.1, 47.1 ±â€¯3.5, 70.6 ±â€¯2.3, and 50.5 ±â€¯3.9 µg/mL) and ursolic acid (IC50 of 6.5 ±â€¯0.7, 15.5 ±â€¯1.4, 20.8 ±â€¯1.3, and 5.6 ±â€¯0.8 µg/mL) showed prominent anticancer activity on Hela, Skov-3, Caski, and NCL cancer cell lines, respectively. Thus, this study shows that the AP & TTAs could be utilized for functional food development and as a potent antioxidant, anticancer, skin whitening, and anti-urolithic agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Malus/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cães , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extração em Fase Sólida , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Urease/antagonistas & inibidores , Xantina Oxidase/antagonistas & inibidores
5.
Molecules ; 24(9)2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052486

RESUMO

Morels famous for their taste and nutrition are in short supply all over the world although they were considered as one of the most highly prized edible and medicinal mushrooms. Because of the limitation of resource and cultivation technology, fermentation of edible mushroom was gradually applied to nutrient, bioactivity and breeder seed preparation. At present, there are more reports on sugar and amino acid but less on other components. Morchella sp. YDJ-ZY-1 was isolated from the wild fruiting body by the spores releasing method in Zunyi Guizhou province in Southwest China and identified based on phenotype and genotype characteristics. Chemical compositions of YDJ-ZY-1 were investigated from liquid fermentation that will lay the foundation for further development and utilization. Four pyranoids (1-4) and 2-(1-oxo-2-hydroxyethyl) furan (5), linoleic acid (6), Morelin (2-hydroxy-cinnamic acid methyl ester, (7) and 1-O-ß-d-ribofuranose-Morelin (8) were obtained from EtOAc extraction and elucidated by spectral data. Product 4 and 8 were new compounds and 7 was isolated from nature for the first time. Antiradical activity was evaluated by free radical scavenging effect on DPPH (1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical 2,2-Diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)hydrazyl). Compound 5 exhibited strong antiradical activity while compounds 1 and 2 exhibited moderate activity. Thus, incubation of Morchella sp YDJ-ZY-1 separated from the wild fruit body afforded eight compounds. Secondary metabolites with new structures were mined from fermentation of Morchella sp. and antiradical activity was evaluated.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Produtos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Fermentação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Metabolismo Secundário , Agaricales , Ascomicetos/classificação , Ascomicetos/ultraestrutura , Produtos Biológicos/química , China , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular
6.
Mar Drugs ; 17(5)2019 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035632

RESUMO

In this report, protein hydrolysate (TGH) of blood cockle (Tegillarca granosa) was prepared using a two-enzyme system (Alcalase treatment for 1.5 h following Neutrase treatment for 1.5 h). Subsequently, six antioxidant peptides were isolated from TGH using ultrafiltration and chromatography methods, and their amino acid sequences were identified as EPLSD, WLDPDG, MDLFTE, WPPD, EPVV, and CYIE with molecular weights of 559.55, 701.69, 754.81, 513.50, 442.48, and 526.57 Da, respectively. In which, MDLFTE and WPPD exhibited strong scavenging activities on DPPH radical (EC50 values of 0.53 ± 0.02 and 0.36 ± 0.02 mg/mL, respectively), hydroxy radical (EC50 values of 0.47 ± 0.03 and 0.38 ± 0.04 mg/mL, respectively), superoxide anion radical (EC50 values of 0.75 ± 0.04 and 0.46 ± 0.05 mg/mL, respectively), and ABTS cation radical (EC50 values of 0.96 ± 0.08 and 0.54 ± 0.03 mg/mL, respectively). Moreover, MDLFTE and WPPD showed high inhibiting ability on lipid peroxidation. However, MDLFTE and WPPD were unstable and could not retain strong antioxidant activity at high temperatures (>80 °C for 0.5 h), basic pH conditions (pH > 9 for 2.5 h), or during simulated GI digestion. In addition, the effect of simulated gastrointestinal digestion on TGP4 was significantly weaker than that on MDLFTE. Therefore, MDLFTE and WPPD may be more suitable for serving as nutraceutical candidates in isolated forms than as food ingredient candidates in functional foods and products.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos , Bivalves , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Alimento Funcional , Temperatura Alta , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Hidrolisados de Proteína/isolamento & purificação
7.
Molecules ; 24(9)2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052148

RESUMO

Due to the importance of proanthocyanidin bioactivity and its relationship with chemical structure, ultrasound-assisted extraction and purification schemes were proposed to evaluate the proanthocyanidin content and analyze the structural composition and potential bioactivities of different proanthocyanidin fractions from Chinese wild rice (Zizania latifolia). Following an optimized extraction procedure, the crude wild rice proanthocyanidins (WRPs) were purified using n-butanol extraction, chromatography on macroporous resins, and further fractionation on Sephadex LH-20 to yield six specific fractions (WRPs-1-WRPs-6) containing proanthocyanidin levels exceeding 524.19 ± 3.56 mg/g extract. Structurally, (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, and (-)-epigallocatechin were present as both terminal and extension units, and (-)-epicatechin was the major extension unit, in each fraction. This is the first preparation of WRP fractions with a different mean degree of polymerization (mDP), ranging from 2.66 ± 0.04 to 10.30 ± 0.46. A comparison of the bioactivities of these fractions revealed that fractions WRPs-1-WRPs-5 had significant DPPH radical scavenging activities, whereas fraction WRPs-6 with a high mDP showed better α-glucosidase and pancreatic lipase inhibitory effects. These findings should help define possible applications of WRPs to functional foods or nutraceuticals.


Assuntos
Oryza/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Proantocianidinas/química , Proantocianidinas/isolamento & purificação , Fracionamento Químico , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ativação Enzimática , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia
8.
Carbohydr Polym ; 216: 270-281, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047067

RESUMO

The fine structure and chain conformation of a heteropolysaccharide (PCIPS3) from mycelium of Paecilomyces cicadae were investigated via the analysis of HPLC, IR, methylation, NMR spectroscopy and multiangle light scattering. It was determined to be a 2.23 × 104 g/mol heteropolysaccharide primarily composed of glucose, galactose and mannose in a molar ratio of 23.8:2.1:1.0. The PCIPS3 backbone consisted of 1,4-linked α-d-Glcp and 1,4-linked 6-O-Me-α-d-Glcp residues, which were occasionally interrupted by branched ß-Galf residues through 1,6-linkage. Moreover, the α (0.60) from Mark-Houwink-Sakurada (MHS) equation suggested that PCIPS3 adopted a flexible chain conformation in 0.1 mol/L NaNO3 at 25 °C. The worm-like chains model parameters for PCIPS3 were estimated as following: ML = 437 nm-1, q = 0.46 nm and 0.79 nm, which were further evidenced by AFM. Furthermore, PCIPS3 showed excellent scavenging capacities of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical, superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, ORAC radical and moderate immunomodulatory activity.


Assuntos
Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/farmacologia , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Paecilomyces/química , Animais , Configuração de Carboidratos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/toxicidade , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/química , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/toxicidade , Radical Hidroxila/química , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Fatores Imunológicos/isolamento & purificação , Fatores Imunológicos/toxicidade , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Peróxidos/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Superóxidos/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
9.
Carbohydr Polym ; 216: 303-311, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047070

RESUMO

The Box-Behnken design was applied to optimize the extraction of pectin from Averrhoa bilimbi (ABP) using deep eutectic solvents (DES). The four variables of extraction were percentage of DES (X1), extraction time (X2), temperature (X3), and molar ratio of DES components (X4). The quadratic regression equation was established as a predicted model with R2 value of 0.9375. The optimal condition was X1 = 3.74% (w/v), X2 = 2.5 h, X3 = 80 °C, and X4 = 1:1. No significant difference between the predicted (14.70%) and experimental (14.44%) maximum yield of sample was noted. Characterization of physico-chemical properties characterization of ABP was performed. The main components of ABP were galacturonic acids, arabinoses, and xyloses. ABP also showed good functional properties such as water holding capacity (3.70 g/g), oil holding capacity (2.40 g/g), and foaming capacity (133.33%). The results also showed that ABP exhibited free radical scavenging activity (41.46%) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (1.15 mM).


Assuntos
Averrhoa/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Pectinas/química , Solventes/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Frutas/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Pectinas/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Solubilidade , Temperatura Ambiente
10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 216: 97-106, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047086

RESUMO

Here, we identified inulin-type oligosaccharides with 3-13 degrees of polymerization from Morinda officinalis. Radical-scavenging assays showed that Inulins 4-7 had modest anti-oxidative effects. Inulins 4 and 5 dose-dependently increased human umbilical vein endothelial cell survival during hypoxia/re-oxygenation (H/R)-induced injury, and Inulin 5 promoted angiogenesis. Triplicate assays with the Affymetrix Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 showed that Inulin 5 exposure up-regulated genes associated with cell cycle progression, apoptosis, DNA replication and repair, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, and the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K)-signaling pathway. Flow cytometry, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and western blot experiments verified the microarray results and demonstrated that Inulin 5 influenced cell cycle progression and the PI3K-protein kinase B (PKB)-endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) pathway. Thus, inulin-type oligosaccharides from M. officinalis roots may protect against H/R-induced injury, primarily through an anti-oxidative effect, and promote angiogenesis by activating the PI3K-PKB-eNOS-signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Inulina/farmacologia , Morinda/química , Oligossacarídeos/farmacologia , Indutores da Angiogênese/isolamento & purificação , Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Sequência de Carboidratos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Inulina/isolamento & purificação , Peso Molecular , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Oligossacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(11): 5112-5121, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salmon bones, a waste by-product from the salmon industry, were used as a protein hydrolysate source for the production of bioactive peptides. The aim of this work was to evaluate the potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of salmon bone protein hydrolysate (SBPH). RESULTS: Salmon bones were hydrolyzed by separately using one of four proteases (Alcalase, Favourzyme, Neutrase and papain) at various concentrations (10, 25 and 50 mg mL-1 ), where the SBPH derived from 10 mg mL-1 papain hydrolysis exhibited the highest nitric oxide (NO) radical scavenging activity. After ultrafiltration, the MW < 0.65 kDa fraction showed the strongest NO inhibitory activity and was further fractionated by gel filtration chromatography (G1 and G2 fractions) and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic fractionation of the G1 fraction, from which the three main peaks (H1, H2 and H3) were found to have a marked NO-inhibitory activity and their peptide sequences were determined. Moreover, the G1 fraction was shown to inhibit both the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO production and the LPS-induced inducible NO synthase , interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and induced NO production and the LPSCOX-2 mRNA levels in RAW 264.7 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Salmon bones from the salmon fisheries and farming industry were utilized by enzymatic hydrolysis for the production of valuable peptides. The results of this study suggested that bioactive peptides derived from salmon bones would be alternative anti-inflammation materials in functional resources. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Osso e Ossos/química , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Salmão , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Biocatálise , Cromatografia em Gel , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Hidrólise , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/imunologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/imunologia , Peptídeo Hidrolases/química , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Células RAW 264.7
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(3): 489-494, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989913

RESUMO

Chemical constituents were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma australe by various column chromatographic techniques and HPLC method, and their chemical structures were identified through the combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. Meanwhile, their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and anti-oxidative ability were evaluated. Seven compounds were isolated from G. australe and were identified as 6-methoxyl-cyclo-(Phe-Ile)(1), applanoxidic acid A methyl ester(2), ergosta-7,22 E-dien-3ß-ol(3), cinnamic acid(4), 5α,8α-epidioxy-(20S,22E,24R)-ergosta-6,22-diene-3ß-ol(5), 1-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanone(6), salicylic acid(7) and benzoic acid(8). Among the compounds, compound 1 was a new cyclic dipeptide. Compound 2 was a new lanosta natural product, and compounds 4, 6, 7 and 8 were obtained from G. australe for the first time. Moreover, compounds 4 and 8 exhibited α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with inhibition rates of 36.8% and 34.7%, and compounds 4, 7 and 8 had a certain activity in DPPH free radical scavenging activity with IC_(50) values of 0.168, 0.458 and 0.170 g·L~(-1), respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging rate of compound 1 was 41.1%.


Assuntos
Carpóforos/química , Ganoderma/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular
13.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(3): 244-254, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821200

RESUMO

Protease inhibitors are known to resist damage to host organisms against external threats, hence form a part of their defense system. This property of protease inhibitors was studied on protecting oxidatively stressed Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast cells. The protease inhibitor was extracted from Agaricus bisporus, an edible mushroom. The inhibitor showed the presence of antioxidant activity as the purified inhibitor fraction gave an IC50 value of 45.13 ± 0.88 µg/mL and 33.30 ± 1.5 µg/mL when checked, respectively, by 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, DPPH and 2, 2'-azo-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6- sulfonic acid), ABTS•+ scavenging activity. The yeast cells' survival rate (%), was determined through 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) - 2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, MTT assay, and it was found that in the presence of 2 mM H2O2 cell survival decreased to 26.33%, whereas when the experiment was conducted in the presence of protease inhibitor and 2 mM H2O2 cell survival percentage rose to 74%. The protease inhibitor's effect on the oxidatively stressed yeast cells was further studied by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Confocal Microscopy to understand the morphological changes. The viable and non-viable cell populations were quantified using Fluorescence Assorted Cell Sorting (FACS) using propidium iodide, PI, 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole, DAPI and 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescein, DCF dyes.


Assuntos
Agaricus/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Tripsina/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Inibidores da Tripsina/isolamento & purificação
14.
Carbohydr Polym ; 212: 297-303, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30832860

RESUMO

A water soluble arabinoxylan (APPS), with a molecular weight ∼1.49 × 105 Da was isolated from the green stem of Andrographis paniculata. The APPS contained D-xylose, 2-methoxy D-xylose and L- arabinose in molar ratio of 3:1:1. The structure of the repeating unit in the polysaccharide was determined through several chemical (acid hydrolysis, Methylation analysis and periodate oxidation) and spectroscopic analysis (1D/2D NMR experiments) as: In vitro antioxidant assay, APPS was found to possess ferrous ion chelating activity (EC50 = 283 µg/ml), superoxide radical scavenging activity (EC50 = 470 µg/ml), and hydroxide radical scavenging activity (EC50 = 193 µg/ml). Thus, APPS could be used as a natural antioxidant agent for food and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Andrographis , Antioxidantes/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Caules de Planta , Xilanos/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Xilanos/isolamento & purificação
15.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(5): 464-476, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821596

RESUMO

Four organic solvents along with water were applied for the conventional extraction of Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Myrtaceae), phenolic contents and antioxidant activities were investigated through variable protocols and correlation coefficients were considered, the phenolic composition was also characterized by Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Using solvents with dissimilar polarities affected the phenolic yields extracted from E. camaldulensis and their related antioxidant activities varied significantly among the four investigated plant organs. The leaf extract of acetone 70% contained the highest amount of phenolic compounds (46.56 mg/g dry weight); while the bud-water boiled extract maintained the maximum value of tannins (45.68 mg/g dry weight). Correlation coefficients indicated that phenolic compounds were mostly accountable for the phosphomolybednum antioxidant potentials (0.520), followed by tannins (0.460). Also, both the reducing power activities and hydrogen peroxide scavenging of E. camaldulensis extracts positively correlated with tannins, but at different significance degrees. However, the GC-MS analysis revealed that most of the detected phenolic constituents were more abundant in the plant seed. So, the existence of some other compounds such as organic acids, along with phenolics, may have increased the antioxidant potentials of leaf and bud. Undeniably, the optimization of extraction conditions could stimulate the antioxidant capabilities of the plant extracts of E. camaldulensis.


Assuntos
Eucalyptus/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Acetatos/química , Acetona/química , Etanol/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Flores/química , Frutas/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Metanol/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Sementes/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Solventes/química , Taninos/isolamento & purificação , Água/química
16.
Mar Drugs ; 17(3)2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30823356

RESUMO

Marine drugs hold significantly more promise than their terrestrial counterparts, which could help to solve the current shortfall in treatments for osteoporosis and other bone related diseases. Fucoxanthin is the main carotenoid found in brown seaweed, and has many perceived health benefits, including potential bone therapeutic properties. This study assessed the osteogenic potential of pure fucoxanthin and crude extracts containing both fucoxanthin and phenolic fractions (also cited to have osteogenic potential) isolated from two intertidal species of brown seaweed, Laminaria digitata and Ascophyllum nodosum. In vitro studies were performed using a human foetal osteoblast cell line (hFOBs) and primary human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs). The results found pure fucoxanthin inhibitory to cell proliferation in hFOBs at higher concentrations, whereas, the crude extracts containing both polyphenols and fucoxanthin showed the ability to scavenge free radicals, which masked this effect. None of the extracts tested showed strong pro-osteogenic effects in either cell type tested, failing to support previously reported positive effects.


Assuntos
Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Alga Marinha/química , Xantofilas/farmacologia , Ascophyllum/química , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Laminaria/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteoblastos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Cultura Primária de Células , Xantofilas/isolamento & purificação
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 131: 97-106, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30844453

RESUMO

In this paper, Fritillaria pallidiflora schrenk polysaccharides were extracted with different methods and isolated by anion-exchange and gel-permeation chromatography. Physicochemical properties, structural characteristics and antioxidant activities were investigated for the first time. The polysaccharides composed of glucose, galactose, arabinose, xylose, mannose and rhamnose with different molar ratio and molecular weight. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis exhibited the presence of key functional groups of polysaccharides whereas scanning electron microscopy analysis revealed the characteristic morphology of different fractions. The thermogravimetric analysis manifested the thermal stability of polysaccharides. The reducing power and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides were evaluated in vitro. Among them, the acidic fraction FPSP-H2-1 has a strong antioxidant effect against DPPH, hydroxyl and ABTS free radicals. The results revealed the polysaccharide's important role as potential natural antioxidant agents during the investigation and application of bioactive polysaccharide.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fritillaria/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Fracionamento Químico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Peso Molecular , Monossacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Análise Espectral , Termogravimetria
18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 131: 744-751, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30904534

RESUMO

Schisandra sphenanthera and Schisandra chinensis are widely consumed either as food or for medicinal purposes. Nevertheless, no detailed comparative assessments of their physicochemical properties and biological activity have been reported. In this paper, using hot-water extraction, alcohol precipitation, and deproteinization, we obtained polysaccharidic extracts from Schisandra sphenanthera and Schisandra chinensis (denoted as SSP and SCP, respectively) and investigated their antioxidant and immunological activities. The extracts were different from each other with regard to sugar, protein, and uronic acid contents. Both extracts were mainly composed of arabinose, glucose, and galactose, but their contents varied greatly; SSP had more galacturonic acid. Compared with SCP, SSP had stronger free radical scavenging ability, protective effects on biomolecules, cellular antioxidant activity, owing to its higher protein (35.35 ±â€¯1.73%) and uronic acid (12.81 ±â€¯1.15%) contents. With respect to cell viability, neutral red phagocytosis, NO production, and acid phosphatase activity, SCP had stronger effects than SSP; this was largely due to its high levels of mannose, galactose, arabinose, and glucose. These results provide evidence to support the use Schisandra-derived polysaccharides for several purposes, including clinical, agricultural, and industrial applications.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fenômenos Químicos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Schisandra/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Biomarcadores , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extração Líquido-Líquido , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Monossacarídeos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Análise Espectral
19.
Carbohydr Polym ; 209: 239-249, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732805

RESUMO

The pectins were isolated from sterile stems of E. arvense (EA, yield 5.9%) and E. sylvaticum (ES, yield 4.8%) (Equisetaceae) using ammonium oxalate extraction after preliminary treatment with dilute HCl (рH 4.0). The pectins possessed high molecular weight (Mw, 340-360 kDa), high GalA content (ca. 85%), low degrees of methyl-esterification (14-16%) and acetylation (3-8%). NMR analysis indicated extensive regions of partially methyl-etherified and 3-O-acetylated HG and minor regions of low branched RG in the fragment isolated after hydrolysis of pectin EA by pectinase. Pectin EA produced a higher viscosity solution, formed a stronger and more rigid ionotropic hydrogel than pectin ES. The pectins scavenged DPPH and hydroxyl radicals, but not the superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide. Phenolic compounds (0.11 and 0.23%) associated with polysaccharide moieties were apparently responsible for the differences in the anti-DPPH scavenging activity of pectins EA and ES (63 and 49%). The findings suggested that pectin from E. arvense should be more perspective than pectin from E. sylvaticum on their use as components of wound healing remedies.


Assuntos
Equisetum/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Pectinas/química , Reologia , Sequência de Carboidratos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Hidrólise , Pectinas/isolamento & purificação
20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 112: 108636, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802824

RESUMO

The traditional medicine-Eupolyphaga sinensis walker is a rich source of functional proteins and peptides. In this study, Eupolyphaga sinensis walker were identified to include fifteen amino acids, of which hydrophobic amino acids accounted for 46.7%. Eupolyphaga sinensis walker polypeptides (EPs) were extracted by sequentially hydrolyzing with pepsin and trypsin. EPs could effectively scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH·), superoxide anion radical (O2-), and hydroxyl radical (OH-), and reduce ferric solution in vitro. EPs also enhanced the activities of Ssuperoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPH-Px), increased the contents of hydroxyproline (HYP), and reduced the content of Malondialdehyde (MDA) in photoaged mice skin. Histological study confirmed that EPs improved UV irradiation-induced damage of skin texture and morphology. Therefore, the extracted EPs are effective antioxidants and can serve as powerful treatment for skin photoaging.


Assuntos
Baratas/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Animais , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Feminino , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Picratos/química , Envelhecimento da Pele/patologia , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos da radiação
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