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2.
Hautarzt ; 72(1): 71-80, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346859

RESUMO

Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) are a common diagnostic finding in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases. In patients with typical clinical symptoms, the determination of ANA is of both diagnostic and prognostic importance. However, if ANA were determined due to unspecific symptoms, the interpretation of ANA findings can be problematic. In these cases, misjudgements with severe consequences for the patients are possible. Many systemic autoimmune diseases have prominent early skin involvement and the dermatologist can be the first physician that such a patient sees. Therefore, knowledge of ANA diagnostics is important for dermatologists. Basic principles of autoantibody diagnostics, guidance for the interpretation of laboratory results and new developments are discussed in this overview.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Autoanticorpos , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Dermatologistas , Humanos
3.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(5): 520-522, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280796

RESUMO

Immigration has been considered a common human behavior, but it is usually the result of severe conditions that force people to leave their countries. For specialized physicians who have invested years of study, training, hard work, and money to establish a successful career, the decision to leave behind everything to start over is as difficult as for the rest of the people. Adapting to a new country requires a good deal of patience, persistence, and resilience to reinvent oneself, exploring and developing new areas, plus using knowledge and experiences previously acquired. This paper reflects the anxieties, fears, and hopes of a dermatologist driven by the dynamics of a migratory process. The reflections are framed with verses of the goddess Fortune, extracted from a medieval Codex, as a way to compare how Fortune's whims can change circumstances to keep us moving upward and downward during our lives.


Assuntos
Dermatologistas/psicologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Emigração e Imigração , Manuscritos como Assunto , Ansiedade , Medo , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos , Venezuela
4.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(5): 535-536, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280799

RESUMO

As dermatologists, we are unique in our ability to diagnose and treat diseases that present in the skin. This includes special expertise in the core disciplines of medical dermatology, pediatric dermatology, dermatologic surgery, and dermatopathology. Just as individual dermatologists strive to remain on the forefront of advances in our field, dermatology residency programs have an obligation to ensure that residents demonstrate competence in all facets of our field, and in the United States the American Board of Dermatology is moving toward a modular examination format to help assure the public that their dermatologist is truly an expert in all aspects of diagnosis and treatment of skin disease. This contribution focuses on key advances in our field, how our societies help us to remain on the cutting edge of science, and how dermatology training has kept pace.


Assuntos
Dermatologistas/educação , Dermatologistas/tendências , Dermatologia/educação , Dermatologia/tendências , Educação Médica/tendências , Internato e Residência , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/terapia , Dermatologia/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Estados Unidos
9.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 111(10): 852-860, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946805

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak introduced dramatic changes in all our lives, daily practice, and medical conferences. In search of a tool to spread dermatologic knowledge during confinement, an online medical meeting was held on April 25th to 26th, 2020. In this study, we aimed to assess the characteristics, opinion and satisfaction of the attendees to a free-of-charge online congress. Secondarily, we intended to explain how this meeting was prepared. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Online survey administered to the attendees to an online congress organised via the Telegram® Messenger App. Its organisation and planning, which needed no financial support and was done by volunteer organisers, moderators and speakers, is described step by step. RESULTS: The satisfaction of both speakers and attendees was very high. All participants considered that this format had a great present and future, and most of them rated it as superior to regular face-to-face meetings. Female gender and predominantly private practice favoured this opinion. DISCUSSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the cancellation of most scientific gatherings. This has been seen by some authors as an excellent opportunity, encouraging medical societies and organisations to lead the change to virtual meetings. Although confinement did not allow real contact, our online meeting showed it was possible to ensure interaction and participation between attendees, moderators and speakers. Dermatologists enjoyed some dermatologic science, even despite the extraordinary circumstances disrupting their daily clinical practice. Most of them felt they were participating in something new and compelling that many felt superior to traditional meetings.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Congressos como Assunto/organização & administração , Dermatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comunicação por Videoconferência/organização & administração , Adulto , Idoso , Dermatologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal
11.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(8)2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941709

RESUMO

Dermatologic surgeons are at increased risk of contracting SARS-COV-2. At time of writing, there is no published standard for the role of pre-operative testing or the use of smoke evacuators, and personal protective equipment (PPE) in dermatologic surgery. Risks and safety measures in otolaryngology, plastic surgery, and ophthalmology are discussed. In Mohs surgery, cases involving nasal or oral mucosa are highest risk for SARS-COV-2 transmission; pre-operative testing and N95 masks should be urgently prioritized for these cases. Other key safety recommendations include strict control of patient droplets and expanded pre-clinic screening. Dermatologic surgeons are encouraged to advocate for appropriate pre-operative tests, smoke evacuators, and PPE. Future directions would include national consensus guidelines with continued refinement of safety protocols.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Dermatologistas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gestão da Segurança/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Cirurgia de Mohs/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia de Mohs/métodos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fumaça/prevenção & controle
12.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(7)2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898408

RESUMO

Physician gender may impact their exposure to genital dermatoses during residency. The purpose of this study was to survey current dermatology residents regarding their comfort in diagnosing and managing lichen sclerosus. As residents progress through training, confidence improves in diagnosing and managing both male and female lichen sclerosus. However, residents overall feel less comfortable with male genital lichen sclerosus, with female residents displaying the greatest confidence discrepancy. This study highlights gender discrepancies with dermatology resident confidence and practice habits and may serve to further guide curricula to address these disparities.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Dermatologistas , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos/diagnóstico , Internato e Residência , Líquen Escleroso e Atrófico/diagnóstico , Autoavaliação , Dermatologistas/psicologia , Dermatologia/educação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
BMC Dermatol ; 20(1): 10, 2020 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic illnesses belong to suicide risk factors. The goal of the current study was to estimate the rate of suicide-related behaviors in patients with atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, or acne from a third-person perspective (namely, Austrian dermatologists). METHODS: A link to a questionnaire specially developed for this study was emailed to 450 self-employed dermatologists in Austria, from which a total of 45 participated. RESULTS: Three dermatologists reported more than five patients with atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, or acne who committed suicide in 2017. Seven doctors treated between 1 and 10 such patients suffering from suicidal ideation. These results are suggestive for a low rate of suicidal ideations in Austrian dermatology ordinations. The majority of dermatologists in the sample (82%) knew that these patients are at higher suicide risk. 60% of participants also believed that it rather would not be a problem for them to recognize suicidal ideation. When facing patients in a suicide crisis, reported intervention steps were: referring them to a specialist in psychiatry, or having a conversation about it. In the sample, most challenging about suicide was lack of time and lack of knowledge. Dermatologists were also interested in cooperating with mental health professionals and in the implementation of new prevention strategies (e.g., suicide-related training programs). Analysis revealed that private specialists, as compared with contract physicians, had fewer patients, but spent more time with them. Yet, these differences did not appear to influence the quality of treatment they provided. Treatment quality was defined as the extent to which doctors tell their patients that additional psychological treatments could be helpful and asking them about their emotional state. Female gender and a professional background in psychology impacted positively on treatment quality. CONCLUSIONS: Possible explanations for the low rate of suicidal ideations reported include the advanced Austrian health care system and dermatologists' underestimation of the problem. Implications of the study are to promote cooperation between dermatologists and mental health professionals and to address patient suicidality from a first-person perspective (i.e., the patients).


Assuntos
Dermatologistas , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Dermatopatias/psicologia , Ideação Suicida , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Áustria , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 645, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq that started in 2015, the course of the disease and the treatment were not consistent with the available literature. Physicians, particularly dermatologists, faced challenges with treating the cutaneous leishmaniasis lesions with high rates of treatment failure and resistance to treatment. We used Q-methodology to understand the range and diversities of opinions and the practical experiences of dermatologists about the treatment difficulties of cutaneous leishmaniasis. METHODS: This Q-methodology study was carried out in Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq, and involved 37 dermatologists. A set of 40 statements related to different aspects of difficulties and uncertainties of treating cutaneous leishmaniasis was prepared. The dermatologists were requested to distribute the 40 statements into a scaled grid of nine piles from least agree to most agree. We applied by-person factor analysis using PQMethod 2.35 for the data analysis. RESULTS: The analysis revealed two different viewpoints about the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis and a consensus viewpoint. The first viewpoint emphasized the use of sodium stibogluconate-based combination therapy, concerns with treatment failure, and lack of compliance with the treatment. The second viewpoint emphasized the lack of standard treatment and advances in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. There was a consensus between both groups of respondents about many aspects of the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis, including considering sodium stibogluconate the first drug of choice for cutaneous leishmaniasis treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a diversity of viewpoints and uncertainties about the effectiveness of the available treatment modalities and treatment difficulties and failure. Interrupted supply and poor quality of the available drugs and lack of a standard and advanced treatment are the main problems facing the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. More research is required to determine the best treatment modalities for the different types of cutaneous leishmaniasis. There is a need for the development of treatment guidelines specific to the Iraqi context with a particular focus on the treatment of the resistant and atypical cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis.


Assuntos
Gluconato de Antimônio e Sódio/uso terapêutico , Atitude , Consenso , Dermatologistas/psicologia , Leishmania , Leishmaniose Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Leishmaniose Cutânea/epidemiologia , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Iraque/epidemiologia , Leishmaniose Cutânea/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Falha de Tratamento
15.
Dermatol Ther ; 33(6): e14136, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767466

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the changing trends in dermatology clinical practice at a tertiary center during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients who were admitted to Ufuk University Hospital with dermatologic complaints/diseases before and during the pandemic. The patients were divided into two groups: (a) the pre-pandemic period (March-May 2019) and (b) the Pandemic period (March-May 2020). Demographic features, clinical characteristics, dermatologic diseases/complaints, dermatologic procedures/interventions, hospitalization rate, and use of biologic agents were compared between the two groups. Total number of hospital admissions have decreased from 1165 to 717. Admission rates for acne, dermatophytosis, and benign neoplasm of the skin significantly lower during the pandemic period (P values were .02, .04, and .006, respectively). Contact dermatitis, acne accompanying dermatitis, cicatricial hair loss, lichen planus, and zona zoster infection rates were significantly higher (P values were .007, <.001, .009, .04, and .03, respectively). Rates of biopsy and electrocautery procedures were decreased significantly (P values were <.001 and .002, respectively). The hospitalization rate was similar between the groups (P = .51). However, the use of biologic agents significantly decreased during the pandemic period (P = .01). Updated clinical protocols should be established for the new normal period in accordance with these findings.


Assuntos
Dermatologistas/tendências , Dermatologia/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Dermatopatias/terapia , Centros de Atenção Terciária/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Biópsia/tendências , Eletrocoagulação/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Turquia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Dermatol Ther ; 33(6): e14161, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770716

RESUMO

There is a sparsity of data regarding the mental health status of dermatologists during COVID-19 pandemic. Evaluate the effects of pandemic on mental health of dermatologists on a large scale and identify risk factors for mental distress. 733 dermatologists were included in this cross-sectional, web-based survey. Mental distress was reported by 77.2% of responders. Considerable percentages of participants experienced stress (73.9%), irritation (33.7%), insomnia (30%), or depression (27.6%), and 78.6% were overwhelmed with the amount of pandemic information they were receiving. Mental distress was significantly associated with practice years, volume of patients seen per week before pandemic, personal protective equipment availability at hospital (P = .001 for each), practice location (continent; P < .001), and participant's assessment that the healthcare system was not equipped for the pandemic (P = .003). Stress was associated with hospital service (P = .003), and depression with being overwhelmed with the amount of pandemic information received (P = .004). In a logistic model, teledermatology use was the most powerful predictor of mental distress (OR, 1.57 [95% CI, 1.07-2.32]). Mental distress was common among dermatologists during this pandemic. Teledermatology use was the most powerful predictor of mental distress. Preventative strategies and psychosocial interventions should be implemented.


Assuntos
Dermatologistas/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Humor Irritável , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/diagnóstico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia
18.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 8: CD012927, 2020 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The widespread use of mobile technologies can potentially expand the use of telemedicine approaches to facilitate communication between healthcare providers, this might increase access to specialist advice and improve patient health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of mobile technologies versus usual care for supporting communication and consultations between healthcare providers on healthcare providers' performance, acceptability and satisfaction, healthcare use, patient health outcomes, acceptability and satisfaction, costs, and technical difficulties. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase and three other databases from 1 January 2000 to 22 July 2019. We searched clinical trials registries, checked references of relevant systematic reviews and included studies, and contacted topic experts. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised trials comparing mobile technologies to support healthcare provider to healthcare provider communication and consultations compared with usual care. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We followed standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane and EPOC. We used the GRADE approach to assess the certainty of the evidence. MAIN RESULTS: We included 19 trials (5766 participants when reported), most were conducted in high-income countries. The most frequently used mobile technology was a mobile phone, often accompanied by training if it was used to transfer digital images. Trials recruited participants with different conditions, and interventions varied in delivery, components, and frequency of contact. We judged most trials to have high risk of performance bias, and approximately half had a high risk of detection, attrition, and reporting biases. Two studies reported data on technical problems, reporting few difficulties. Mobile technologies used by primary care providers to consult with hospital specialists We assessed the certainty of evidence for this group of trials as moderate to low. Mobile technologies: - probably make little or no difference to primary care providers following guidelines for people with chronic kidney disease (CKD; 1 trial, 47 general practices, 3004 participants); - probably reduce the time between presentation and management of individuals with skin conditions, people with symptoms requiring an ultrasound, or being referred for an appointment with a specialist after attending primary care (4 trials, 656 participants); - may reduce referrals and clinic visits among people with some skin conditions, and increase the likelihood of receiving retinopathy screening among people with diabetes, or an ultrasound in those referred with symptoms (9 trials, 4810 participants when reported); - probably make little or no difference to patient-reported quality of life and health-related quality of life (2 trials, 622 participants) or to clinician-assessed clinical recovery (2 trials, 769 participants) among individuals with skin conditions; - may make little or no difference to healthcare provider (2 trials, 378 participants) or participant acceptability and satisfaction (4 trials, 972 participants) when primary care providers consult with dermatologists; - may make little or no difference for total or expected costs per participant for adults with some skin conditions or CKD (6 trials, 5423 participants). Mobile technologies used by emergency physicians to consult with hospital specialists about people attending the emergency department We assessed the certainty of evidence for this group of trials as moderate. Mobile technologies: - probably slightly reduce the consultation time between emergency physicians and hospital specialists (median difference -12 minutes, 95% CI -19 to -7; 1 trial, 345 participants); - probably reduce participants' length of stay in the emergency department by a few minutes (median difference -30 minutes, 95% CI -37 to -25; 1 trial, 345 participants). We did not identify trials that reported on providers' adherence, participants' health status and well-being, healthcare provider and participant acceptability and satisfaction, or costs. Mobile technologies used by community health workers or home-care workers to consult with clinic staff We assessed the certainty of evidence for this group of trials as moderate to low. Mobile technologies: - probably make little or no difference in the number of outpatient clinic and community nurse consultations for participants with diabetes or older individuals treated with home enteral nutrition (2 trials, 370 participants) or hospitalisation of older individuals treated with home enteral nutrition (1 trial, 188 participants); - may lead to little or no difference in mortality among people living with HIV (RR 0.82, 95% CI 0.55 to 1.22) or diabetes (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.28 to 3.12) (2 trials, 1152 participants); - may make little or no difference to participants' disease activity or health-related quality of life in participants with rheumatoid arthritis (1 trial, 85 participants); - probably make little or no difference for participant acceptability and satisfaction for participants with diabetes and participants with rheumatoid arthritis (2 trials, 178 participants). We did not identify any trials that reported on providers' adherence, time between presentation and management, healthcare provider acceptability and satisfaction, or costs. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Our confidence in the effect estimates is limited. Interventions including a mobile technology component to support healthcare provider to healthcare provider communication and management of care may reduce the time between presentation and management of the health condition when primary care providers or emergency physicians use them to consult with specialists, and may increase the likelihood of receiving a clinical examination among participants with diabetes and those who required an ultrasound. They may decrease the number of people attending primary care who are referred to secondary or tertiary care in some conditions, such as some skin conditions and CKD. There was little evidence of effects on participants' health status and well-being, satisfaction, or costs.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo para o Tratamento , Adulto , Viés , Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança Computacional , Dermatologistas , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente , Satisfação Pessoal , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Dermatopatias/terapia , Telemedicina/economia , Fatores de Tempo , Ultrassonografia
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